CN208960380U - A kind of rubbish air blasting device - Google Patents

A kind of rubbish air blasting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208960380U
CN208960380U CN201821726790.1U CN201821726790U CN208960380U CN 208960380 U CN208960380 U CN 208960380U CN 201821726790 U CN201821726790 U CN 201821726790U CN 208960380 U CN208960380 U CN 208960380U
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China
Prior art keywords
air
outlet
light materials
separation
rubbish
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CN201821726790.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李智
孙强林
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SHANGHAI GULAN ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Co.,Ltd.
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李智
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of rubbish air blasting devices, including feeding device, separation chamber, pneumatic separation device, heavy substance discharging portion, light materials discharging portion and air feed system, the feeding device is connected with the separation chamber, the heavy substance discharging portion and the light materials discharging portion are set to the separation chamber lower part, the air feed system is set to the separation chamber upper end, and pneumatic separation device is equipped between the feeding device and the separation chamber.

Description

A kind of rubbish air blasting device
Technical field
The utility model relates to garbage classification equipment technical fields, and in particular to a kind of rubbish air blasting device.
Background technique
With constantly advancing for modern science and technology, but the development of the technology of domestic rubbish disposal and its recycling is stagnant Afterwards, in this way, not only hindering advancing for Environmental Cities, but also have become the matter of utmost importance for improving people's living environment.When Before, for processing house refuse mainly using filling and burning mode, wherein land-fill method does not only take up the soil of large area, also pollutes Underground water source, and plastics are embedded in underground and cannot degrade over a long time.Although and waste incineration mode keeps waste volumes big by burning It is big to reduce but at high cost, and along with burning, plastics can generate such as dioxin pernicious gas in rubbish, cause to pollute air. In domestic waste, ragpicker collects waste paper, paper shell, metal, vial, plastic barrel etc. and is sold to purchasing station.But Polybag, food pack quantity are big, it is difficult to collect, and amount accounts for the vertical winnowing machine total amount about 50% of rubbish, and nobody collects and causes Very big environmental pollution.Therefore the recycling of house refuse has become universally acknowledged good method.In the overall background of energy crisis Under, waste utilization is the optimal path of garbage disposal, and the sorting mode of house refuse solves waste utilization and turns waste into wealth The first step.Currently, sorting consumer waste is mostly sorted using horizontal winnowing machine, not only structure was complex, but also sorting Low efficiency.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of rubbish air blasting device, solve one in above-mentioned prior art problem or It is multiple.
A kind of rubbish air blasting device according to the present utility model, including feeding device, separation chamber, pneumatic separation device, heavy substance Discharging portion, light materials discharging portion and air feed system, the feeding device are connected with the separation chamber, the heavy substance discharging portion and The light materials discharging portion is set to the separation chamber lower part, and the air feed system is set to the separation chamber upper end, the charging Pneumatic separation device is equipped between device and the separation chamber.
In some embodiments, the feeding device includes feed hopper, feeding web, feeding web housing, institute Feed hopper is stated set on the feeding web upper end, feeding web is driven by power device, the feeding web housing packet It is overlying on the outside of the feeding web, the feeding web end is arranged right below heavy substance discharging portion.
In some embodiments, pneumatic separation device, institute are equipped between the heavy substance discharging portion and the feeding web Stating pneumatic separation device includes selection by winnowing blower and selection by winnowing blast pipe, and the selection by winnowing blower is connected with the selection by winnowing blast pipe, the selection by winnowing Blast pipe is obliquely installed in the separation chamber, and the outlet of selection by winnowing blast pipe is directed at the end of the feeding web.
In some embodiments, the separation chamber includes cabinet, the feed inlet set on the cabinet and air outlet, light object Matter separation barrel and be set to the intracorporal light materials discharging conveyor belts of the case, the feed inlet and the air outlet are set to institute Separation chamber top is stated, the feed inlet is equipped with feeding web, and the light materials separation barrel is set to the feeding web End, the light materials discharging conveyor belts are set to below the light materials separation barrel, the row of the light materials discharging conveyor belts Light materials discharging portion is equipped with below journey tail end.
In some embodiments, the stroke cephalic par of the light materials discharging conveyor belts is equipped with baffle.
In some embodiments, the air outlet is equipped with air feed system, and the air feed system includes outlet air air compartment, outlet air Branch pipe, outlet air general pipeline and barrier net, the quantity of the air outlet be it is several, outlet air air compartment, institute are mounted on each air outlet It states outlet air air compartment to be connected on the outlet air general pipeline by outlet air branch pipe, the junction of outlet air air compartment and the air outlet is equipped with resistance Filter.Air feed uses open loop air feed system, and barrier net prevents the sucking of light materials.
In some embodiments, anti-suction baffle is equipped between the air outlet and the light materials separation barrel.It prevents Lesser light materials suck outlet air air compartment with air-flow.
In some embodiments, the outlet air general pipeline is connected with purification fan, and the purification fan and the outlet air are total Air deodorization purification device is additionally provided between pipe.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
1, structure is simple, and performance is stablized, and low energy consumption;
2, weight substance separating effect is significant;
3, due to using open type air feed system, sorting air feed is connect with air deodorization purification device, makes garbage disposal area And the air in aidr bells blast system has obtained deodorization purification, while also solve conventional closed loop air feed system appearance since rubbish has Evil gas, dust concentration is excessively high damages caused by blower;
4, Winnowing box is mounted with anti-suction baffle, solves the problems, such as that traditional equipment is sucked into outlet air air compartment due to light materials;
5, outlet air air compartment has installed barrier net additional, solves traditional equipment since light materials are sucked into outlet air air compartment and enters blower The problem of caused air duct blocking, blower card resistance or even blower motor are burnt out.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of a kind of structural schematic diagram of rubbish air blasting device of embodiment of the utility model.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings of the specification, the utility model is described in more detail.
As shown in fig. 1, a kind of rubbish air blasting device, including feeding device 1, separation chamber 2, pneumatic separation device 3, heavy substance go out Material portion 4, light materials discharging portion 5 and air feed system 6, feeding device 1 are connected with separation chamber 2, and heavy substance discharging portion 4 and light materials go out Material portion 5 is set to 2 lower part of separation chamber, and air feed system 6 is set to 2 upper end of separation chamber, and wind is equipped between feeding device 1 and separation chamber 2 Screening device 3.
Feeding device 1 include feed hopper 11, feeding web 12, feeding web housing 13, feed hopper 11 be installed on into Expect 12 upper end of conveyer belt, feeding web 12 is driven by power device, and the material in feed hopper 11 falls directly into feeding web On 12, feeding web housing 13 is coated on 12 outside of feeding web, and 12 end of feeding web is arranged right below heavy substance Discharging portion 4.
Pneumatic separation device 3 is equipped between heavy substance discharging portion 4 and feeding web 12, pneumatic separation device 3 includes selection by winnowing blower 31 With selection by winnowing blast pipe 32, selection by winnowing blower 31 is connected with selection by winnowing blast pipe 32, and selection by winnowing blast pipe 32 is obliquely installed in separation chamber 2, And the outlet of selection by winnowing blast pipe 32 is directed at the end of the feeding web 12.Light materials can be blown to light object by pneumatic separation device 3 On matter discharging conveyor belts 25, and heavy substance is then fallen from heavy substance discharging portion 4.
Separation chamber 2 include cabinet 21, be opened in cabinet 21 feed inlet 22 and air outlet 23, light materials separation barrel 24 with And the light materials discharging conveyor belts 25 in cabinet 21, feed inlet 22 and air outlet 23 are set to 2 top of separation chamber, feed inlet 22 are equipped with feeding web 12, and light materials separation barrel 24 is set to 12 end of feeding web, light materials discharging conveyor belts 25 Set on 24 lower section of light materials separation barrel, it is equipped with light materials discharging portion 5 below the stroke tail end of light materials discharging conveyor belts 25, The stroke cephalic par of light materials discharging conveyor belts 25 is equipped with baffle 26.
Air outlet 23 is equipped with air feed system 6, and air feed uses open loop air feed system, and air feed system 6 includes outlet air air compartment 61, goes out Wind branch pipe 62, outlet air general pipeline 63 and barrier net 64, the quantity of air outlet 23 be it is several, be mounted on outlet air on each air outlet 23 Air compartment 61, outlet air air compartment 61 are connected on outlet air general pipeline 63 by outlet air branch pipe 62, the connection of outlet air air compartment 61 and air outlet 23 Place is equipped with barrier net 64, and barrier net prevents the sucking of light materials, and aidr bells blast system mainly utilizes the overwhelming majority in rubbish material can Rubbish material is divided into two part of heavy material and light material by the characteristics of combustion things light specific gravity, flammable is separated so that most of Out.
It is equipped with anti-suction baffle 65 between air outlet 23 and light materials separation barrel 24, prevents lesser light materials from inhaling with air-flow Enter outlet air air compartment;In the present embodiment, light materials separation barrel 24 is arranged using twin-roll, or using single roller design.
Outlet air general pipeline 63 is connected with purification fan 67, and it is net to be additionally provided with air deodorization between purification fan 67 and outlet air general pipeline 63 Makeup sets 66.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
1, structure is simple, and performance is stablized, and low energy consumption;
2, weight substance separating effect is significant;
3, due to using open type air feed system, sorting air feed is connect with air deodorization purification device, makes garbage disposal area And the air in aidr bells blast system has obtained deodorization purification, while also solve conventional closed loop air feed system appearance since rubbish has Evil gas, dust concentration is excessively high damages caused by blower;
4, Winnowing box is mounted with anti-suction baffle, solves the problems, such as that traditional equipment is sucked into outlet air air compartment due to light materials;
5, outlet air air compartment has installed barrier net additional, solves traditional equipment since light materials are sucked into outlet air air compartment and enters blower The problem of caused air duct blocking, blower card resistance or even blower motor are burnt out.
Working principle:
Aidr bells blast system mainly utilizes the characteristics of most combustible light specific gravities in rubbish material, and rubbish material is divided into Two part of heavy material and light material flammable is separated so that most of.
Since being aidr bells blast system, flowing to for wind is most important, and aidr bells blast system makes pneumatic separator by 31 air feed of selection by winnowing blower Interior air stream is conducive to the separation of rubbish material, specific: 31 air feed of selection by winnowing blower with heavy substance discharging portion by being connected Selection by winnowing blast pipe 32, direct sending to the 4 blanking position of heavy substance discharging portion between feeding web 12 and light materials separation barrel 24, And the rubbish material in blanking operation is passed through, due to thering is several groups outlet air air compartment 61 to be connected with outlet air general pipeline 63 above Winnowing box, And outlet air general pipeline 63 is connected to the air inlet of deodorization blower, under the action of deodorization blower, so that the top air outlet of Winnowing box 23 form a negative pressure, so that the air-flow across rubbish material is entered outlet air air compartment 61 around light materials separation barrel 24, and lead to Outlet air general pipeline 63 is crossed to be discharged into atmosphere after 66 purified treatment of air deodorization purification device into deodorization air inlet, make blower Wind in infeed system forms a smooth air-flow, is the selection by winnowing of rubbish material weight substance without will cause air turbulence Separation provides air-flow guarantee.Since the air inlet of selection by winnowing blower 31 is the air of pretreating zone, air by refuse pollution, air into After entering the air feed system in the present invention, purify pretreating zone room air.
Selection by winnowing starts, and rubbish material enters feeding web 12 from feed hopper 11, and feeding web 12 works, by material Send to the discharge end of feeding web 12 in separation chamber 2 because 12 discharge end of feeding web and light materials separation barrel 24 it Between have a distance, so conveying come in all materials have the trend for thus falling into heavy substance discharging portion 4, simultaneously as The wind beam with certain pressure that selection by winnowing blower 31 is supplied by selection by winnowing blast pipe 32 from 4 side of heavy substance discharging portion, across into Expect between 12 discharge end of conveyer belt and light materials separation barrel, under the action of air-flow, only heavy substance has larger heavy material Power cannot be blown up and fall into heavy substance discharging portion 4, and the light material in material can not fall on weight down under the action of air-flow In matter discharging portion 4, and reach the top of light materials separation barrel 24 with air-flow, rotation feeding web 12 and air-flow it is common Under effect, light materials are admitted to the top in Winnowing box, and fall on light materials discharging conveyor belts 25, light materials discharging conveyor belts 25 send light materials material to light materials discharging portion.Since the air-flow in separation chamber 2 is to enter outlet air air compartment to flow outwardly, and be Negative pressure, so, anti-suction baffle 65 is provided with before the first outlet air air compartment 61, and be respectively mounted barrier net in each air outlet 23 64, so that lesser light materials be prevented to be easy to suck outlet air air compartment 61 by air-flow.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is noted that those skilled in the art, Without departing from the concept of the present invention, some similar deformation and improvement can be made, these are also considered as Within utility model protection.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of rubbish air blasting device, which is characterized in that including feeding device (1), separation chamber (2), pneumatic separation device (3), weight Matter discharging portion (4), light materials discharging portion (5) and air feed system (6), the feeding device (1) are connected with the separation chamber (2), The heavy substance discharging portion (4) and the light materials discharging portion (5) are set to the separation chamber (2) lower part, the air feed system (6) it is set to the separation chamber (2) upper end, is equipped with pneumatic separation device (3) between the feeding device (1) and the separation chamber (2).
2. a kind of rubbish air blasting device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the feeding device (1) includes charging Bucket (11), feeding web (12), feeding web housing (13), the feed hopper (11) are set to the feeding web (12) Upper end, feeding web (12) are driven by power device, and the feeding web housing (13) is coated on the feeding web (12) outside, feeding web (12) end is arranged right below heavy substance discharging portion (4).
3. a kind of rubbish air blasting device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the heavy substance discharging portion (4) and institute It states and is equipped with pneumatic separation device (3) between feeding web (12), the pneumatic separation device (3) includes selection by winnowing blower (31) and selection by winnowing air inlet Manage (32), the selection by winnowing blower (31) is connected with the selection by winnowing blast pipe (32), the selection by winnowing blast pipe (32) be obliquely installed in On the separation chamber (2), and the outlet of selection by winnowing blast pipe (32) is directed at the end of the feeding web (12).
4. a kind of rubbish air blasting device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the separation chamber (2) includes cabinet (21), set on the feed inlet (22) and air outlet (23) of the cabinet (21), light materials separation barrel (24) and set on described Light materials discharging conveyor belts (25) in cabinet (21), the feed inlet (22) and the air outlet (23) are set to the separation Room (2) top, the feed inlet (22) are equipped with feeding web (12), the light materials separation barrel (24) be set to it is described into Expect conveyer belt (12) end, the light materials discharging conveyor belts (25) are set to below the light materials separation barrel (24), described Light materials discharging portion (5) are equipped with below the stroke tail end of light materials discharging conveyor belts (25).
5. a kind of rubbish air blasting device according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the light materials discharging conveyor belts (25) Stroke cephalic par be equipped with baffle (26).
6. a kind of rubbish air blasting device according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the air outlet (23) is equipped with air feed system It unites (6), the air feed system (6) includes outlet air air compartment (61), outlet air branch pipe (62), outlet air general pipeline (63) and obstructs net (64), The quantity of the air outlet (23) be it is several, be mounted on outlet air air compartment (61) on each air outlet (23), the outlet air air compartment (61) it is connected on the outlet air general pipeline (63) by outlet air branch pipe (62), the company of outlet air air compartment (61) and the air outlet (23) It meets place and is equipped with barrier net (64).
7. a kind of rubbish air blasting device according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the air outlet (23) and the light object Anti- suction baffle (65) is equipped between matter separation barrel (24).
8. a kind of rubbish air blasting device according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the outlet air general pipeline (63) and purification wind Machine (67) is connected, and is additionally provided with air deodorization purification device (66) between the purification fan (67) and the outlet air general pipeline (63).
CN201821726790.1U 2018-10-24 2018-10-24 A kind of rubbish air blasting device Active CN208960380U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821726790.1U CN208960380U (en) 2018-10-24 2018-10-24 A kind of rubbish air blasting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821726790.1U CN208960380U (en) 2018-10-24 2018-10-24 A kind of rubbish air blasting device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208960380U true CN208960380U (en) 2019-06-11

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201821726790.1U Active CN208960380U (en) 2018-10-24 2018-10-24 A kind of rubbish air blasting device

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111054629A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-04-24 保定市方正机械厂 Solid waste integrated positive and negative pressure winnowing equipment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111054629A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-04-24 保定市方正机械厂 Solid waste integrated positive and negative pressure winnowing equipment

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20210415

Address after: 201103 Room 308, building 9, 1128 Wuzhong Road, Minhang District, Shanghai

Patentee after: SHANGHAI GULAN ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Co.,Ltd.

Address before: Room 101, 123, No. 2, Xincun District, Jingjiang City, Taizhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee before: Li Zhi

TR01 Transfer of patent right