CN106582998A - Household refuse comprehensive sorting machine and working method thereof - Google Patents

Household refuse comprehensive sorting machine and working method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106582998A
CN106582998A CN201611159005.4A CN201611159005A CN106582998A CN 106582998 A CN106582998 A CN 106582998A CN 201611159005 A CN201611159005 A CN 201611159005A CN 106582998 A CN106582998 A CN 106582998A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
collection bucket
screen drum
refuse
rubbish
front
Prior art date
Application number
CN201611159005.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁根明
丁毅
张鹏飞
Original Assignee
上海龙阳环保工程有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 上海龙阳环保工程有限公司 filed Critical 上海龙阳环保工程有限公司
Priority to CN201611159005.4A priority Critical patent/CN106582998A/en
Publication of CN106582998A publication Critical patent/CN106582998A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPERATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, OR SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; OTHER SEPARATING BY DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B11/00Arrangement of accessories in apparatus for separating solids from solids using gas currents
    • B07B11/02Arrangement of air or material conditioning accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPERATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, OR SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; OTHER SEPARATING BY DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B4/00Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents
    • B07B4/02Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents while the mixtures fall
    • B07B4/04Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents while the mixtures fall in cascades
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention relates to a household refuse comprehensive sorting machine and a working method thereof. The household refuse comprehensive sorting machine is characterized by comprising a feeding belt, a bag breaking device, a winnowing device, an axial flow fan, multiple stages of refuse collection hoppers, refuse belts and a protective cover. The working method of the household refuse comprehensive sorting machine includes the steps that a control system controls start of the axial flow fan and the multiple refuse belts and controls start of the winnowing device, in other words, a front screen drum and a back screen drum are controlled to rotate; and the control system controls start of the feeding belt and put of raw refuse, the raw refuse is ground and smashed through the bag breaking device, and the smashed refuse enters the front screen drum and the back screen drum, and is subject to winnowing in sequence through the axial flow fan to enter the multiple stages of refuse collection hoppers. According to the different proportion and different grain sizes of the household refuse, the screen drums and the wind action are used in the household refuse comprehensive sorting machine for effectively sorting the household refuse, and the sorting efficiency is greatly improved.

Description

A kind of domestic garbage integrated separating machine and its method of work

Technical field

The invention belongs to environmental protection equipment field of mechanical technique, more particularly to a kind of domestic garbage integrated separating machine and its work Method.

Background technology

House refuse is both to pollute the arch-criminal of environment, is again a kind of potential resource.In some economically developed cities City's usable land is relatively fewer, the requirement more and more higher to urban garbage disposal.Garbage-surrounded city is solved, is first to carry out rubbish Rubbish is classified, the process such as traditional approach landfill, compost, burning, not only easily to environment causes secondary pollution, and processing cost It is of a relatively high.

The content of the invention

The present invention makes improvement for the problem that above-mentioned prior art is present, i.e., the technical problem to be solved is A kind of domestic garbage integrated separating machine and its method of work are provided, the proportion difference, particle diameter according to house refuse is different, effectively House refuse is classified, classification effectiveness is greatly improved.

In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the technical scheme is that:

A kind of domestic garbage integrated separating machine, it is characterised in that:Including feed belt, bag-breaking device, pneumatic separation device, axle stream wind Machine, Multi-stage refuse collection bucket, rubbish belt and shield, the bag-breaking device top is fixedly connected with feed hopper, the feed hopper Top is provided with feed belt, and the bag-breaking device bottom is fixedly connected with chute, and the chute end section stretches into pneumatic separation device, The pneumatic separation device lower section is provided with Multi-stage refuse collection bucket, and the Multi-stage refuse collection bucket lower section is provided with a plurality of rubbish belt, institute State pneumatic separation device top and be provided with shield, the shield is connected by a return duct with feed hopper.

Further, the pneumatic separation device is by front screen drum, rear screen drum and carries four roller seat groups of the forward and backward screen drum Into the front screen drum front and rear sections are provided with the sieve aperture of different pore size with rear screen drum, and the screen-aperture of the orbital canal,anterior internal front end is more than The screen-aperture of back segment.

Further, the Multi-stage refuse collection bucket is from left to right according to this by inorganic refuse collection bucket, organic waste collection Bucket, combustiblerefuse collection bucket, lightweight organic waste collection bucket, plastic garbage collection bucket in small, broken bits composition, the inorganic refuse is collected Bucket, organic waste collection bucket are respectively arranged at the front screen drum front and rear sections lower section, and the lightweight organic waste bucket collection bucket is arranged In rear screen drum lower section, the combustiblerefuse collection bucket is arranged in the middle of forward and backward screen drum, and the plastic garbage collection bucket in small, broken bits is arranged In rear screen drum exit lower section.

Further, the forward and backward inboard wall of riddle drum is fixedly connected with multiple lifting blades.

Further, the axial flow blower wind direction is axially in parallel with forward and backward screen drum, and the axial flow blower can be carried out on position Lower regulation, wind-force size adjustment.

Further, it is the invention also discloses a kind of method of work of domestic garbage integrated separating machine including following Step:

1st step, control system control axial flow blower and a plurality of rubbish belt start;

2nd step, control system control pneumatic separation device start, i.e., forward and backward screen drum is rotated;

3rd step, control system control feed belt start and carry out input crude waste, crude waste with feed belt send into into In hopper, carried out rolling crushing by bag-breaking device, the rubbish after crushing falls into chute and slides to front screen drum, due to front inboard wall of riddle drum Lifting blade is provided with, rubbish is lifted to inwall eminence to carry out inclining getting rid of, under the action of the forces of the wind, according to the proportion and particle diameter of rubbish not Together, successively selecting crude drugs with winnower to inorganic refuse collection bucket, organic waste collection bucket, combustiblerefuse collection bucket, lightweight organic waste collection bucket, In plastic garbage collection bucket in small, broken bits, and with rubbish Belt Conveying to given place.

Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:

1st, crude waste is rolled crushing by the bag-breaking device of present invention design, is conducive to the sorting of crude waste;

2nd, the pneumatic separation device of present invention design is different according to the proportion of crude waste, and particle diameter is different, is acted on using screen drum and wind-force Effectively crude waste is sorted;

3rd, the axial flow blower of present invention design is capable of achieving position up and down and wind-force size carries out electrodeless regulation, so as to adjust to primary The sorting of rubbish.

With reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description the present invention will be further described in detail.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the organigram of the embodiment of the present invention.

In figure:1- feed belts, 2- feed hoppers, 3- return ducts, 4- plastic garbage collection buckets in small, broken bits, 5- roller seats, 6- rubbish Rubbish belt, 7- lightweight organic waste collection buckets, 8- combustiblerefuse collection buckets, 9- organic waste collection buckets, 10- inorganic refuses are collected Bucket, 11- axial flow blowers, 12- chutes, 13- bag-breaking machines, 14- shields, screen drum before 15-, screen drum after 16-.

Specific embodiment

A kind of domestic garbage integrated separating machine, including it is feed belt 1, bag-breaking device 2, pneumatic separation device, axial flow blower 11, many Level refuse collection bucket, rubbish belt 6 and shield 14, the bag-breaking device top is fixedly connected with feed hopper 2, the feed hopper 2 Top is provided with feed belt 1, and the bag-breaking device bottom is fixedly connected with chute 12, and the end section of the chute 12 stretches into selecting crude drugs with winnower Device, the pneumatic separation device lower section is provided with Multi-stage refuse collection bucket, and the Multi-stage refuse collection bucket lower section is provided with a plurality of rubbish skin Band, the pneumatic separation device top is provided with shield 14, and the shield 4 is connected by a return duct 3 with feed hopper 2.

Further, the pneumatic separation device is by front screen drum 15, rear screen drum 16 and carries four carrying rollers of the forward and backward screen drum Seat 5 is constituted, and the front and rear sections of front screen drum 15 are provided with the sieve aperture of different pore size with rear screen drum 16, the front end of the orbital canal,anterior internal 15 Screen-aperture, according to the particle diameter difference of house refuse, is effectively screened more than the screen-aperture of back segment to house refuse.

Further, the Multi-stage refuse collection bucket is from left to right according to this by inorganic refuse collection bucket 10, organic waste receipts Collection bucket 9, combustiblerefuse collection bucket 8, lightweight organic waste collection bucket 7, plastic garbage collection bucket 4 in small, broken bits are constituted, the inorganic rubbish Rubbish collection bucket, organic waste collection bucket 9 are respectively arranged at the front and rear sections of front screen drum 15 lower section, and the lightweight organic waste is received Collection bucket 7 is arranged at the lower section of rear screen drum 16, and the combustiblerefuse collection bucket 8 is arranged in the middle of forward and backward screen drum, the plastics rubbish in small, broken bits Rubbish collection bucket 4 is arranged at the exit of rear screen drum 16 lower section.

Further, the forward and backward inboard wall of riddle drum is fixedly connected with multiple lifting blades, and rubbish is lifted to inwall eminence to be carried out Incline and get rid of, under the action of the forces of the wind, different according to the proportion and particle diameter of rubbish, successively selecting crude drugs with winnower is to multistage refuse collection bucket.

Further, the wind direction of the axial flow blower 11 is axially in parallel with forward and backward screen drum, and the axial flow blower 11 can enter line position Put and adjust up and down, wind-force size adjustment, the wind direction and size for being capable of achieving countershaft stream wind is controlled, so as to control house refuse Classification.

Further, it is the invention also discloses a kind of method of work of domestic garbage integrated separating machine including following Step:

1st step, control system control axial flow blower 11 and a plurality of rubbish belt 6 start;

2nd step, control system control pneumatic separation device start, i.e., forward and backward screen drum is rotated;

3rd step, control system control feed belt 1 start and carry out input crude waste, and crude waste is sent into feed belt In feed hopper 2, carried out rolling crushing by bag-breaking device, the rubbish after crushing falls into chute 12 and slides to front screen drum 15, due to front The inwall of screen drum 15 is provided with lifting blade, and rubbish is lifted to inwall eminence to carry out inclining getting rid of, under the action of the forces of the wind, according to the proportion of rubbish And particle diameter is different, successively selecting crude drugs with winnower has to inorganic refuse collection bucket 10, organic waste collection bucket 9, combustiblerefuse collection bucket 8, lightweight In machine refuse collection bucket 7, plastic garbage collection bucket 4 in small, broken bits, and with rubbish Belt Conveying to next station.

The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, all impartial changes done according to scope of the present invention patent with Modification, should all belong to the covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of domestic garbage integrated separating machine, it is characterised in that:Including feed belt, bag-breaking device, pneumatic separation device, axle stream wind Machine, Multi-stage refuse collection bucket, rubbish belt and shield, the bag-breaking device top is fixedly connected with feed hopper, the feed hopper Top is provided with feed belt, and the bag-breaking device bottom is fixedly connected with chute, and the chute end section stretches into pneumatic separation device, The pneumatic separation device lower section is provided with Multi-stage refuse collection bucket, and the Multi-stage refuse collection bucket lower section is provided with a plurality of rubbish belt, institute State pneumatic separation device top and be provided with shield, the shield is connected by a return duct with feed hopper.
2. domestic garbage integrated separating machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The pneumatic separation device by front screen drum, Afterwards four roller seats of screen drum and the carrying forward and backward screen drum are constituted, and the front screen drum front and rear sections are provided with different from rear screen drum The sieve aperture in aperture, the screen-aperture of the orbital canal,anterior internal front end is more than the screen-aperture of back segment.
3. domestic garbage integrated separating machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The Multi-stage refuse collection bucket is from a left side To right according to this by inorganic refuse collection bucket, organic waste collection bucket, combustiblerefuse collection bucket, lightweight organic waste collection bucket, thin Broken plastic garbage collection bucket composition, the inorganic refuse collection bucket, organic waste collection bucket be respectively arranged at before the front screen drum, Back segment lower section, the lightweight organic waste bucket collection bucket is arranged at rear screen drum lower section, before the combustiblerefuse collection bucket is arranged at, Afterwards in the middle of screen drum, the plastic garbage collection bucket in small, broken bits is arranged at rear screen drum exit lower section.
4. domestic garbage integrated separating machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The forward and backward inboard wall of riddle drum is fixed It is connected with multiple lifting blades.
5. domestic garbage integrated separating machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The axial flow blower wind direction with it is front, Afterwards screen drum is axially in parallel, and the axial flow blower can carry out position and adjust up and down, wind-force size adjustment.
6. a kind of method of work of domestic garbage integrated separating machine, it is characterised in that:A kind of work of domestic garbage integrated separating machine Making method work includes following step:
1st step, control system control axial flow blower and a plurality of rubbish belt start;
2nd step, control system control pneumatic separation device start, i.e., forward and backward screen drum is rotated;
3rd step, control system control feed belt start and carry out input crude waste, crude waste with feed belt send into into In hopper, carried out rolling crushing by bag-breaking device, the rubbish after crushing falls into chute and slides to front screen drum, due to front inboard wall of riddle drum Lifting blade is provided with, rubbish is lifted to inwall eminence to carry out inclining getting rid of, under the action of the forces of the wind, according to the proportion and particle diameter of rubbish not Together, successively selecting crude drugs with winnower to inorganic refuse collection bucket, organic waste collection bucket, combustiblerefuse collection bucket, lightweight organic waste collection bucket, In plastic garbage collection bucket in small, broken bits, and with rubbish Belt Conveying to given place.
CN201611159005.4A 2016-12-15 2016-12-15 Household refuse comprehensive sorting machine and working method thereof CN106582998A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611159005.4A CN106582998A (en) 2016-12-15 2016-12-15 Household refuse comprehensive sorting machine and working method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611159005.4A CN106582998A (en) 2016-12-15 2016-12-15 Household refuse comprehensive sorting machine and working method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106582998A true CN106582998A (en) 2017-04-26

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109174309A (en) * 2018-08-15 2019-01-11 贵州大学 Crushing device is used in a kind of exploitation of ore-rock

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1555930A (en) * 2004-01-12 2004-12-22 重庆大学 Garbage sorting car
CN101032720A (en) * 2007-03-28 2007-09-12 攀枝花市再丰环保设备有限公司 Cull eliminator of home scrap
CN101274321A (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-01 杨计明 Integrative fanning machine
CN201140176Y (en) * 2007-12-03 2008-10-29 刘峰 Accurately processing fanning machine for garbage
CN102039303A (en) * 2010-11-12 2011-05-04 河南省澳斯迪环保机械有限责任公司 Municipal solid waste comprehensive treatment and recycling device
CN103008096A (en) * 2012-12-17 2013-04-03 陈喆 Integral garbage crushing and sorting machine and garbage disposal method thereof
CN203091403U (en) * 2013-02-25 2013-07-31 秦皇岛开阳环保设备有限公司 Small garbage sorting system specially used for community
CN203316463U (en) * 2013-02-25 2013-12-04 秦皇岛开阳环保设备有限公司 Household garbage sorting system
CN204294604U (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-04-29 新密市环新生活垃圾处理有限公司 Domestic garbage crushing screening production line
CN206351066U (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-07-25 上海龙阳环保工程有限公司 A kind of domestic garbage integrated separating machine

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1555930A (en) * 2004-01-12 2004-12-22 重庆大学 Garbage sorting car
CN101032720A (en) * 2007-03-28 2007-09-12 攀枝花市再丰环保设备有限公司 Cull eliminator of home scrap
CN101274321A (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-01 杨计明 Integrative fanning machine
CN201140176Y (en) * 2007-12-03 2008-10-29 刘峰 Accurately processing fanning machine for garbage
CN102039303A (en) * 2010-11-12 2011-05-04 河南省澳斯迪环保机械有限责任公司 Municipal solid waste comprehensive treatment and recycling device
CN103008096A (en) * 2012-12-17 2013-04-03 陈喆 Integral garbage crushing and sorting machine and garbage disposal method thereof
CN203091403U (en) * 2013-02-25 2013-07-31 秦皇岛开阳环保设备有限公司 Small garbage sorting system specially used for community
CN203316463U (en) * 2013-02-25 2013-12-04 秦皇岛开阳环保设备有限公司 Household garbage sorting system
CN204294604U (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-04-29 新密市环新生活垃圾处理有限公司 Domestic garbage crushing screening production line
CN206351066U (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-07-25 上海龙阳环保工程有限公司 A kind of domestic garbage integrated separating machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109174309A (en) * 2018-08-15 2019-01-11 贵州大学 Crushing device is used in a kind of exploitation of ore-rock

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Application publication date: 20170426