CN106903138A - Bulky Waste cracking and sorting equipment and technique - Google Patents

Bulky Waste cracking and sorting equipment and technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106903138A
CN106903138A CN201710221279.XA CN201710221279A CN106903138A CN 106903138 A CN106903138 A CN 106903138A CN 201710221279 A CN201710221279 A CN 201710221279A CN 106903138 A CN106903138 A CN 106903138A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
belt conveyor
separator
eddy current
conveyor
waste
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710221279.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭子成
谢榭
吴松林
钟明宏
蔡美俊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Polytron Technologies Xiamen Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Polytron Technologies Xiamen Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Polytron Technologies Xiamen Co Ltd filed Critical Polytron Technologies Xiamen Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710221279.XA priority Critical patent/CN106903138A/en
Publication of CN106903138A publication Critical patent/CN106903138A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • B09B3/80Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless involving an extraction step
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Bulky Waste cracking and sorting equipment and technique, including chain scraper conveyor, cyclopentane gas detector, the first belt conveyor, magnetic separator, eddy current separator, outfeed belt conveyor, the second belt conveyor, winnowing machine, cyclone separator, deduster.Described chain scraper conveyor, cyclopentane gas detector, the first belt conveyor, eddy current separator, the second belt conveyor, winnowing machine are sequentially connected, magnetic separator is arranged on the top of the first belt conveyor, and the feed end of outfeed belt conveyor is connected with the non-ferrous metal discharging of eddy current separator.Plate conveyer of the invention and cyclopentane gas detector can be processed big part house refuse, magnetic separator of the invention and eddy current separator can realize that automatic sorting, cyclone separator of the present invention and the deduster of broken rear material can efficiently be disposed to the dust produced in shattering process, do not produce secondary pollution.

Description

Bulky Waste cracking and sorting equipment and technique
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of garbage disposal, more particularly to a kind of Bulky Waste cracking and sorting equipment and technique.
Background technology
With the continuous propulsion of urbanization process, city size constantly expands, the waste and old family such as waste and old sofa, mattress, tables and chairs Tool yield is increasing, and pile up like a mountain often can to see these waste and old furniture at cell doorway, curbside crossing.Due to these Waste and old furniture volume is big(These waste and old furniture are referred to as Bulky Waste by us), common rubbish van is difficult to transport, after transhipment To follow-up treatment(Burn or fill)Also bother very much.Along with the continuous exhaustion of resource on the earth, domestic garbage resource It is significant using to resource circulation utilization, Ecological Civilization Construction, environmental protection.With national related environmental protection rule regulation Appearance, house refuse recycles the new industry as China, and substantial amounts of big part house refuse is renewable after processing It is available product, the recycling of these materials economizes on resources to environmental protection, develops a circular economy and played important work With.
However, big part house refuse is excessive due to volume, it is impossible to realize directly recycling, or set by unit It is standby to carry out volume reduction, the unlike material composition of the inside is not sorted out, it is impossible to carry out recycling.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of mechanization degree is high, clean environment firendly, non-dusting Bulky Waste break Broken screening installation, solves the problems, such as big part domestic rubbish disposal.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a kind of clean environment firendly, non-dusting Bulky Waste cracking and sorting technique.
To achieve the above object, technical solution of the invention is:
The present invention is a kind of Bulky Waste cracking and sorting equipment, including chain scraper conveyor, cyclopentane gas detector, the first Belt Conveying Machine, magnetic separator, eddy current separator, outfeed belt conveyor, the second belt conveyor, winnowing machine, cyclone separator, dedusting Device;Described chain scraper conveyor, cyclopentane gas detector, the first belt conveyor, eddy current separator, the second belt conveyor, wind Machine is selected to be sequentially connected;Described magnetic separator is arranged on the top of the first belt conveyor, to adsorb irony material;Described goes out Expect that the feed end of belt conveyor is connected with the non-ferrous metal discharging of eddy current separator, so that non-ferrous metal is transferred out; Non-metallic material after eddy current separation is divided into heavy substance and light materials by described winnowing machine;On first belt conveyor Portion and the second belt conveyor top are provided with dust excluding hood, and the upper end of the dust excluding hood passes through the input of pipeline and tornado feeder set Pipeline is attached, and the output channel of tornado feeder set is connected with the input channel of deduster.
Material pressing device is provided with the cyclopentane gas detector, big part material is pressed into fracture area.
The present invention is a kind of Bulky Waste cracking and sorting technique, is comprised the following steps:
1)The conveying of Bulky Waste, Bulky Waste is placed on chain scraper conveyor, and double-shaft crushing is delivered to chain scraper conveyor Machine;
2)Bulky Waste is broken into various sizes of material by double-shaft crusher, facilitates next step to be sorted;
3)Through step 2)Material after treatment is delivered to eddy current separator through outfeed belt conveyor, is entering eddy current separation Before machine, it is laid in the magnetic separator above the first belt conveyor and selects the irony material in material;Meanwhile, cyclone separator The waste gas on the first belt conveyor top is extracted out by pipeline, is discharged after waste gas removing dust device dedusting;
4)Through step 3)Material in eddy current separator, by eddy current effect, by non-ferrous metal and other nonmetallic sortings Separate, non-ferrous metal is conveyed by outfeed belt conveyor and collected, non-metallic material is delivered to wind through the second belt conveyor In selecting machine;Meanwhile, cyclone separator is extracted out the waste gas on the second belt conveyor top by pipeline, waste gas removing dust device dedusting After discharge;
5)Through step 4)Non-metallic material after treatment is separated light materials and heavy substance by wind action in winnowing machine.
After such scheme, the beneficial effect of technical solution of the present invention is:
1)Because the present invention has plate conveyer and cyclopentane gas detector, cyclopentane gas detector can be broken by the automation of big part house refuse It is broken, and broken material size is effectively controlled, big part house refuse can be processed;
2)Because the present invention has magnetic separator and eddy current separator, the automatic sorting of broken rear material is capable of achieving, automates journey Degree is high;
3)Due to all connecting cyclone separator by pipeline on the first belt conveyor of the invention and the second belt conveyor and removing Dirt device, cyclone separator and deduster are efficiently disposed to the dust produced in shattering process, crush scene scene air clear It is clean, do not produce secondary pollution.
The present invention is further illustrated with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is front view axonometric drawing of the invention;
Fig. 2 is top view of the invention;
Fig. 3 is process chart of the invention.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the present invention is a kind of Bulky Waste cracking and sorting equipment, including chain scraper conveyor 1, twin shaft tears Broken machine 2, magnetic separator 3, the first belt conveyor 4, eddy current separator 5, outfeed belt conveyor 6, the second belt conveyor 7, Winnowing machine 8, cyclone separator 9, deduster 10.
Described chain scraper conveyor 1, cyclopentane gas detector 2, the first belt conveyor 4, eddy current separator 5, the second belt Conveyer 7, winnowing machine 8 are sequentially connected.
Described magnetic separator 3 is arranged on the top of the first belt conveyor 4, to adsorb irony material;Described discharging The feed end of belt conveyor 6 is connected with the non-ferrous metal discharging of eddy current separator 5, so that non-ferrous metal is transferred out; The top of first belt conveyor 4 and the top of the second belt conveyor 7 are provided with dust excluding hood, and the upper end of the dust excluding hood passes through Pipeline is attached with the input channel of tornado feeder set 9, the output channel of tornado feeder set 9 and the input channel of deduster 10 Connection.
Material pressing device is provided with the cyclopentane gas detector 2, big part material is pressed into fracture area.Described eddy current separator 5 separate the non-ferrous metals such as copper, aluminium, and winnowing machine 8 separates the light materials and heavy substance of leftover materials, such as by cloth and Wooden unit is separated.
Because the first belt conveyor 4 in the present invention and the top of the second belt conveyor 7 are provided with dust excluding hood, the dedusting The upper end of cover is connected by pipeline with the import of cyclone separator 9, and the air outlet of cyclone separator 9 is attached with deduster 10. Fine dust and material particles in broken production process enter cyclone separator 9 by tracheae, and the material dust of weight is in whirlwind Gather materials and isolate in 9 and collect in the collection bucket of bottom, fine dust goes successively to dedusting along the top duct of cyclone separator 9 In device 10, by after the treatment of deduster 10, the air of purification is discharged by blower fan through air outlet.
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, the present invention is a kind of Bulky Waste cracking and sorting equipment and technique, is comprised the following steps:
1)First by big part house refuse --- the waste and old furniture conveying such as waste and old sofa, mattress, bed, tables and chairs, Bulky Waste is put Put on chain scraper conveyor 1, double-shaft crusher 2 is delivered to chain scraper conveyor 1;
2)Bulky Waste is broken into various sizes of material by double-shaft crusher 2, facilitates next step to be sorted;
3)Through step 2)Material after treatment is delivered to eddy current separator 5 through the first belt conveyor 4, is entering vortex flow point Before selecting machine 5, the magnetic separator 3 for being laid in the top of the first belt conveyor 3 selects the irony material in material;Meanwhile, whirlwind Separator 9 is extracted out the waste gas on the top of the first belt conveyor 3 by pipeline, is discharged after the dedusting of waste gas removing dust device 10;
4)Through step 3)Except the material after iron is in eddy current separator 5, by eddy current effect, by non-ferrous metal and other non-gold Category sorting is separated, and sorts the non-ferrous metals such as copper, aluminium, and non-ferrous metal is conveyed by outfeed belt conveyor 6 and collected, non-gold Category material is delivered in winnowing machine 8 through the second belt conveyor 7;Meanwhile, cyclone separator 9 passes through pipeline by the second Belt Conveying The waste gas on the top of machine 7 is extracted out, is discharged after the dedusting of waste gas removing dust device 10, to ensure that environment is good;
5)Through step 4)Non-metallic material after treatment is separated light materials and heavy substance by wind action in winnowing machine.
The above, only present pre-ferred embodiments, therefore the scope of present invention implementation can not be limited with this, i.e., according to The equivalence changes that scope of the present invention patent and description are made and modification, all should still belong to the model that patent of the present invention covers In enclosing.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of Bulky Waste cracking and sorting equipment, it is characterised in that:Including chain scraper conveyor, cyclopentane gas detector, the first belt Conveyer, magnetic separator, eddy current separator, outfeed belt conveyor, the second belt conveyor, winnowing machine, cyclone separator, remove Dirt device;Described chain scraper conveyor, cyclopentane gas detector, the first belt conveyor, eddy current separator, the second belt conveyor, Winnowing machine is sequentially connected;Described magnetic separator is arranged on the top of the first belt conveyor, to adsorb irony material;Described The feed end of outfeed belt conveyor is connected with the non-ferrous metal discharging of eddy current separator, so that non-ferrous metal is transferred out Go;Non-metallic material after eddy current separation is divided into heavy substance and light materials by the winnowing machine;First belt conveyor Top and the second belt conveyor top are provided with dust excluding hood, and the upper end of the dust excluding hood is defeated with tornado feeder set by pipeline Enter pipeline to be attached, the output channel of tornado feeder set is connected with the input channel of deduster.
2. Bulky Waste disintegrating apparatus according to claim 1 and technique, it is characterised in that:Set in the cyclopentane gas detector There is material pressing device, big part material is pressed into fracture area.
3. a kind of Bulky Waste cracking and sorting technique according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
1)The conveying of Bulky Waste, Bulky Waste is placed on chain scraper conveyor, and double-shaft crushing is delivered to chain scraper conveyor Machine;
2)Bulky Waste is broken into various sizes of material by double-shaft crusher, facilitates next step to be sorted;
3)Through step 2)Material after treatment is delivered to eddy current separator through outfeed belt conveyor, is entering eddy current separation Before machine, it is laid in the magnetic separator above the first belt conveyor and selects the irony material in material;Meanwhile, cyclone separator The waste gas on the first belt conveyor top is extracted out by pipeline, is discharged after waste gas removing dust device dedusting;
4)Through step 3)Material in eddy current separator, by eddy current effect, by non-ferrous metal and other nonmetallic sortings Separate, non-ferrous metal is conveyed by outfeed belt conveyor and collected, non-metallic material is delivered to wind through the second belt conveyor In selecting machine;Meanwhile, cyclone separator is extracted out the waste gas on the second belt conveyor top by pipeline, waste gas removing dust device dedusting After discharge;
5)Through step 4)Non-metallic material after treatment is separated light materials and heavy substance by wind action in winnowing machine.
CN201710221279.XA 2017-04-06 2017-04-06 Bulky Waste cracking and sorting equipment and technique Pending CN106903138A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710221279.XA CN106903138A (en) 2017-04-06 2017-04-06 Bulky Waste cracking and sorting equipment and technique

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710221279.XA CN106903138A (en) 2017-04-06 2017-04-06 Bulky Waste cracking and sorting equipment and technique

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106903138A true CN106903138A (en) 2017-06-30

Family

ID=59194035

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710221279.XA Pending CN106903138A (en) 2017-04-06 2017-04-06 Bulky Waste cracking and sorting equipment and technique

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106903138A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109226194A (en) * 2018-09-26 2019-01-18 鸿翔环境产业有限公司 A kind for the treatment of process for fitting up waste material
CN110064461A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-07-30 宜都红源科技有限公司 A kind of refuse breaking processing unit
CN110252762A (en) * 2019-05-13 2019-09-20 江苏天楹环保能源成套设备有限公司 A kind of mixing Recyclable separation system and method
CN110813987A (en) * 2019-11-06 2020-02-21 深圳市雄鹰清洁服务有限公司 Treatment system and treatment process for large garbage
CN112791826A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-05-14 威斯肯(广州)环保科技有限公司 Industrial garbage disposal system and disposal process

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109226194A (en) * 2018-09-26 2019-01-18 鸿翔环境产业有限公司 A kind for the treatment of process for fitting up waste material
CN110064461A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-07-30 宜都红源科技有限公司 A kind of refuse breaking processing unit
CN110252762A (en) * 2019-05-13 2019-09-20 江苏天楹环保能源成套设备有限公司 A kind of mixing Recyclable separation system and method
CN110813987A (en) * 2019-11-06 2020-02-21 深圳市雄鹰清洁服务有限公司 Treatment system and treatment process for large garbage
CN112791826A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-05-14 威斯肯(广州)环保科技有限公司 Industrial garbage disposal system and disposal process

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