CN104860561A - Construction waste recycling brick manufacturing system - Google Patents

Construction waste recycling brick manufacturing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104860561A
CN104860561A CN201510177388.7A CN201510177388A CN104860561A CN 104860561 A CN104860561 A CN 104860561A CN 201510177388 A CN201510177388 A CN 201510177388A CN 104860561 A CN104860561 A CN 104860561A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vibratory screening
screening
unit
crushing
machine
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CN201510177388.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张兴庆
何永全
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Chongqing Environmental Sanitation Holding (group) Co Ltd
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Chongqing Environmental Sanitation Holding (group) Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510177388.7A priority Critical patent/CN104860561A/en
Publication of CN104860561A publication Critical patent/CN104860561A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention discloses a construction waste recycling brick manufacturing system which is characterized in that the system comprises a construction waste processing system and a brick manufacturing production system. The construction waste processing system comprises a feeding unit, a crushing and sieving unit and a secondary sieving unit which are connected sequentially. The feeding unit comprises a raw material bin and a jaw crusher connected with the raw material bin. The crushing and sieving unit comprises an impact crusher, a winnowing machine connected with the discharge end of the impact crusher, and a vibration sieve A connected with the discharge end of the winnowing machine. The secondary sieving unit comprises a washing unit connected with a lower end outlet of a vibration sieve bottom plate A of the vibration sieve A. A vibration sieve B is connected to the discharge end of the washing unit. With the system, construction waste can be recycled and can be utilized for producing bricks, such that waste is turned into a valuable thing. The system is environment-friendly and energy-saving, and has the advantages of high processing efficiency and excellent brick manufacturing quality.

Description

A kind of building waste recycling brick making system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of building waste treatment technology, particularly relate to a kind of building waste recycling brick making system.
Background technology
Building waste refer to construction, unit in charge of construction or individual to all kinds of buildings, structures, pipe networkproduce etc. carrying out building, lay or remove, in reparative processes dregs, spoir, rejected material, remaining mud and other wastes.Under normal circumstances, building waste to give up brick based on fragmentation, is mingled with part reinforcing bar iron block and discarded wooden unit.
Along with the quickening of modern urbanization development process, in Process of Urban Development, the building waste produced gets more and more, the generally common processing mode of building waste is for being transported to refuse tip landfill, have little time to transport or just can only outdoorly pile up under refuse tip process not, cause occupying land area and pollute.Make the burden that building waste had once been considered in urban development, have a lot of city all to have the situation of garbage-surrounded city, not only contaminate environment, and bring huge puzzlement to the orthobiosis of people.
Building brick in the past, majority is and excavates clay and fire and form, and cause soil desertification, along with reinforcement and the guiding of land conservation policy, existing brick-making technology all needs the raw material sources considering other modes.Therefore applicant expects that the most of composition of building waste self is for broken useless brick, if reclaiming can be used for brickmaking as raw material, then both can solve building waste refuse well piles up reluctant problem, can solve again the problem of brick-making raw material restriction.Turn waste into wealth, produce great economic benefit and social benefit.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, technical problem to be solved by this invention is: after how providing one building waste can be recycled, utilize for brickmaking, turn waste into wealth, the building waste recycling brick making system of environmental protection and energy saving, make it have processing efficiency high, the features such as brickmaking is superior in quality.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, present invention employs following technical scheme:
A kind of building waste recycling brick making system, it is characterized in that, comprise building waste treatment system and brickmaking production system, described building waste treatment system, comprises the feeder unit be connected successively, crushing and screening unit and secondary sieve unit, the jaw crusher that described feeder unit comprises raw material cabin and is connected with raw material cabin, described crushing and screening unit comprises an impact breaker, with the winnowing machine that impact breaker discharge end is connected, with the vibratory screening apparatus A that winnowing machine discharge end is connected, described vibratory screening apparatus A involving vibrations sieve erecting frame A, oblique setting elasticity is arranged on the vibratory screening apparatus base plate A on vibratory screening apparatus erecting frame A, vibratory screening apparatus base plate A is fixedly installed vibrator A, above vibratory screening apparatus base plate A, parallel interval is fixedly installed the lower screen that mesh diameter is 8mm, above lower screen, parallel interval is fixedly installed the upper strata screen cloth that mesh diameter is 25mm, upper strata screen cloth, lower screen and vibratory screening apparatus base plate A both sides are all fixedly installed the side plate A for backgauge, described secondary sieve unit comprises a washing unit be connected with the exit, vibratory screening apparatus base plate A lower end of vibratory screening apparatus A, washing unit discharge end is connected a vibratory screening apparatus B, described vibratory screening apparatus B involving vibrations sieve erecting frame B, oblique setting elasticity is arranged on the vibratory screening apparatus base plate B on vibratory screening apparatus erecting frame B, vibratory screening apparatus base plate B is fixedly installed vibrator B, above vibratory screening apparatus base plate B, parallel interval is fixedly installed the screen cloth B that mesh diameter is 5mm, and screen cloth B and vibratory screening apparatus base plate B both sides are all fixedly installed the side plate B for backgauge, described secondary sieve unit also comprises a vibratory screening apparatus C be connected with the exit, lower screen lower end of vibratory screening apparatus A, vibratory screening apparatus C involving vibrations sieve erecting frame C, oblique setting elasticity is arranged on the vibratory screening apparatus base plate C on vibratory screening apparatus erecting frame C, vibratory screening apparatus base plate C is fixedly installed vibrator C, above vibratory screening apparatus base plate C, parallel interval is fixedly installed the screen cloth C that mesh diameter is 12mm, and screen cloth C and vibratory screening apparatus base plate C both sides are all fixedly installed the side plate C for backgauge, a dust collecting system is also comprised in building waste treatment system,
Wherein, described brickmaking production system comprises block forming unit and batching agitating unit, and described batching agitating unit comprises coarse aggregate storehouse, fine aggregate storehouse and filler bin; Described coarse aggregate storehouse, fine aggregate storehouse and the equal correspondence of filler bin outlet at bottom are provided with a measuring belt conveyer; Described measuring belt conveyer comprises haul belt and corresponding support and is arranged at Weighing device below haul belt upper semisection; Described coarse aggregate storehouse, fine aggregate storehouse and filler bin outlet at bottom are provided with electromagnetic switch valve; Electromagnetic switch valve bottom described coarse aggregate storehouse, fine aggregate storehouse and filler bin is electrically connected with corresponding Weighing device; The below of described measuring belt conveyer is provided with premix rotary conveyor; In described measuring belt conveyer, the tail end of haul belt is all positioned at the top of described premix rotary conveyor; Be provided with a stirrer immediately below the tail end of described premix rotary conveyor, the discharge port of described stirrer communicates with described block forming unit;
Described stirrer is other is provided with cement bin; Described cement bin bottom discharge mouth is connected with a worm conveyor, and the opening for feed of described worm conveyor is connected with the discharge port bottom described cement bin; A cement weighing device is provided with below the discharge port of described worm conveyor; The discharge opening of described cement weighing device is just to the entrance of described stirrer; Described worm conveyor is provided with the start stop switch controlling start and stop, described start stop switch is electrically connected with described cement weighing device;
Described stirrer is connected with an automatic water supply device with control module by pipeline; The agitation vat of described stirrer is built with humidity detection instrument, and described humidity detection instrument is electrically connected in the control module of described automatic water supply device.
Like this, in the present invention, include building waste treatment system and brickmaking production system two parts structure, feeder unit is provided with in building waste treatment system, crushing and screening unit and secondary sieve unit, during use, building waste material enters into the raw material cabin of feeder unit by transport vehicle transports, then enter into jaw crusher tentatively to pulverize, jaw crusher is certainly as currently available products, it is large that it has opening for feed, crusher chamber is dark, crushing strength is high, the advantages such as reduction ratio is large, be suitable for the preliminary break process to building waste, crushing effect is good, facilitate the process operations such as follow-up magnetic separation separation and secondary breaking.In crushing and screening unit, be provided with impact breaker and carry out secondary breaking, then adopt winnowing machine to carry out the initial gross separation of dust and particulate material, then adopt vibratory screening apparatus to carry out particulate material screening and separating.Wherein, impact breaker is currently available products, it is a kind of crushing mechanism utilizing striking energy to carry out broken material, during work, under the drive of electric motor, rotor high-speed rotates, after material enters, fragmentation is clashed into epitrochanterian bar, then again broken to liner plate by counterattack again, finally discharge from discharge port.Have crushing effect good, crushing strength is high, and counterpunch board and bar gap can conveniently regulate, and effectively control discharging-material size, and the feature that particle shape is good is suitable for building waste secondary breaking, to ensure crushing effect.Then the winnowing machine adopted carries out preliminary selection by winnowing, winnowing machine is certainly as existing installation, selection by winnowing can be carried out to the granular substance of any kind, dust is removed by wind-force, remaining granulated garbage sieves through vibratory screening apparatus A again, and the particle getting itself 0-8mm and 8-25mm two kinds of different-grain diameter scopes enters subsequent cell process.Wherein the particle of 0-8mm particle size range enters into washing unit, after removing the materials such as the floating shape particle such as wood chip and the clay dust that is mingled with, enters into vibratory screening apparatus B and again sieves the two kinds of solid particulate products obtaining 0-5mm and 5-8mm particle diameter by washing.Then the granulated garbage of the particle diameter 8-25mm scope that filters out of vibratory screening apparatus A is (due to before through twice breaker program, the particulate solid intensity of lightweight is lower, crushing effect is good, therefore the particle that the overwhelming majority is all broken for small particle size scope enters the removal of washing unit) the two kinds of grain size products obtaining 8-12mm and 12-25mm scope are again sieved through vibratory screening apparatus C.Then in the dust collecting system arranged, the sack cleaner adopted is currently available products, its blast inlet is connected in system by each bypass line each position being easy to airborne dust and carries out travel fatigue collection by wind-force, health is clean more not only can to ensure native system Working environment, and the adjustable speed fan in each bypass line can be leaned on to regulate wind-force, the dust that guarantee is collected is the dust that granularity is less than 0.3mm.Like this, the building waste treatment system adopted arranges scientific and reasonable, can crushing and screening obtains powder (particle diameter is below 0.3mm, the material that sack cleaner is collected), particle diameter is the fines of below 5mm, particle diameter is respectively 5 ~ 8mm, 8-12mm and 12-25mm, three kinds of coarse fodders.Then, again the coarse fodder of powder, fines and corresponding kind is transported to brickmaking production system, interpolation three kinds of brick-making raw materials are proportionally required in brickmaking production system, add cement and the water of corresponding ratio again, can prepare with building waste after being uniformly mixed is the cement brick that body material obtains.
During brickmaking, building waste treatment system is collected the powder obtained and is transported to filler bin, and fines is transported to fine aggregate storehouse, and it is for subsequent use that coarse fodder is transported to coarse aggregate storehouse according to particle size range kind needed for brickmaking.
During brickmaking work, open the electromagnetic switch valve bottom described coarse aggregate storehouse, fine aggregate storehouse and filler bin, aggregate in aggregate bin drops on corresponding measuring belt conveyer, measuring belt conveyer conveying aggregate is through Weighing device, Weighing device is weighed to aggregate and the storage that adds up, and when accumulation result is the aggregate demand arranged, Weighing device will close the corresponding electromagnetic switch valve of electrical connection, after electromagnetic switch valve is closed, count resets is zero by load-bearing measuring apparatus.Like this, by the effect of Weighing device and electromagnetic switch valve, just accurately can control the usage quantity of coarse aggregate, fine aggregate and powder, ensure that the proportioning of brick-making raw material meets the requirements, improve the utilization ratio of aggregate, reduce the waste of raw material.
The superincumbent aggregate that falls transports and finally falls on the premix rotary conveyor of measuring belt motor spindle by measuring belt conveyer, because three measuring belt conveyers and premix rotary conveyor are all in motion, the aggregate fallen on premix rotary conveyor can be uniformly distributed by layer according to the order successively fallen, and realizes the pre-mixing to coarse aggregate, fine aggregate and powder.Aggregate after pre-mixing finally falls into stirrer through the conveying of premix rotary conveyor.
Cement in cement bin is transported in cement weighing device by worm conveyor, when cement weighing device be weighed to meet cement weight that brickmaking requires time, the start stop switch controlling worm conveyor makes worm conveyor quit work; The cement of weighing adds in stirrer by cement weighing device.Like this, by cement weighing device, the cement amount added is monitored, guarantee to meet brickmaking demand, decrease the waste of cement, improve the quality of product simultaneously.
Described stirrer is connected with an automatic water supply device with control module by pipeline; The agitation vat of described stirrer is built with humidity detection instrument, and described humidity detection instrument is electrically connected in the control module of described automatic water supply device.During work, be arranged on the humidity of the humidity detection instrument monitoring agitation vat inside of the agitation vat inside of stirrer, and by result feedback to the control module of automatic water supply device, this control module according to feeding back humidity data, by sequence of control automatic governing amount of water.Like this, can ensure that the water yield in stirrer meets the requirements.Avoid and add water excess, concrete is excessively rare, makes follow-up brickmaking cannot be shaping; Added water concrete overdrying at least, and fragment of brick easily occurs the shortcomings such as cohesive force is inadequate.
By above-mentioned setting, the automatic interpolation of coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, powder and cement can be realized, decrease manual operation; Control the addition of every material simultaneously, guarantee that concrete proportioning meets the requirements, decrease the waste of material; In addition, before entering stirrer, coarse aggregate, fine aggregate and powder are carried out pre-mixing, decrease the time be uniformly mixed in stirrer, improve working efficiency.
As optimization, described dust collecting system comprises a sack cleaner, sack cleaner blast inlet is sealedly connected with main ventilation pipeline, main ventilation pipeline is communicated with and is provided with multiple bypass line being provided with adjustable speed fan, bypass line includes the jaw crusher bypass line that air port is positioned at consecutive position above jaw crusher discharge port, also include the impact breaker bypass line that air port is positioned at consecutive position above impact breaker discharge port, also include the winnowing machine bypass line of air port and the docking of winnowing machine air outlet; In described dust collecting system, bypass line also includes the vibratory screening apparatus A bypass line that air port is positioned at the online side consecutive position of upper sieve of vibratory screening apparatus A, also include the vibratory screening apparatus B bypass line of consecutive position above screen cloth B that air port is positioned at vibratory screening apparatus B, the vibratory screening apparatus C bypass line of consecutive position above the screen cloth C also including tuyere position vibratory screening apparatus C.
Like this, the dust above each vibratory screening apparatus in dust collecting system, can also be collected further, improve dust collection efficiency, also can ensure the effect that Working environment health is clean better.
Further, in described dust collecting system, described vibratory screening apparatus A bypass line inlet end is provided with the air intake cover A that an entirety is inverted tubaeform, and air intake cover A entirety covers the upper sieve side being on the net arranged at vibratory screening apparatus A; Described vibratory screening apparatus B bypass line inlet end is provided with the air intake cover B that an entirety is inverted tubaeform, and air intake cover B entirety covers the upper sieve side being on the net arranged at vibratory screening apparatus B; Described vibratory screening apparatus C bypass line inlet end is provided with the air intake cover C that an entirety is inverted tubaeform, and air intake cover C entirety covers the upper sieve side being on the net arranged at vibratory screening apparatus C.
Like this, the effect to dust collection above each vibratory screening apparatus can be ensured better.
As optimization, in described feeder unit, also be provided with feeding machine, feeding machine comprises the feeding machine body that upper surface is flute profile inner chamber, feeding machine animal economy is inclined to set, its upper surface flute profile inner chamber bottom surface upper semisection is platy structure and just arranges being arranged at below exit, raw material cabin lower end, flute profile inner chamber bottom surface lower semisection is spaced grating structure, upright to being provided with an earth belt conveyor under grating structure, flute profile inner chamber lower end is feeding machine outlet, feeding machine outlet is connected with the jaw crusher entrance of below, feeding machine body lower surface two ends are being fixed on spring pedestal greatly respectively by spring fitting, feeding machine body is also provided with feeding machine vibrator.
Like this, building waste material, after exporting from raw material cabin, be introduced into feeding machine, feeding machine is shaken loose loose for building waste by vibration, be beneficial to follow-up preliminary fragmentation, the soil profile be mingled with in building waste can be made to be fallen on earth belt conveyor by preliminary screening simultaneously and export, be beneficial to follow-up crushing and screening and obtain pure composition brick body particle.
Further, in described feeder unit, described raw material cabin and feeding machine are provided with two groups, and under the grating structure of two groups of feeding machines, Founder is arranged same earth belt conveyor; Like this to improve earth separation treatment efficiency.
As optimization, described crushing and screening unit, also comprise the crushing and screening feed belt be connected between jaw crusher exit end and impact breaker entrance end, the first magnetic separation belt is provided with above crushing and screening feed belt, first magnetic separation belt bottom has the magnetic separation section that a section is positioned at adjacent above crushing and screening feed belt, is provided with an electro-magnet above the magnetic separation section of magnetic separation belt.
Like this, electro-magnet is opened during use, rubbish after fragmentation enters into crushing and screening feed belt, when through magnetic separation fragment position in transportation, the iron refuses such as the reinforcing bar be mingled with in rubbish can be adsorbed onto magnetic separation belt lower surface by electro-magnet, then paramagnetic selects belt movement to after leaving crushing and screening feed belt position, loses electromagnet suction and falls down recovery.Iron refuse can be got rid of in crushing and screening unit like this, ensure subsequent disposal effect.
As optimization, in described crushing and screening unit, the upper sieve end exit off the net of vibratory screening apparatus A is connected by the feed end of a crushing and screening return conveyer and crushing and screening feed belt.
Like this, the solid particulate being greater than 25mm of vibratory screening apparatus A screening place, circulates and processes in crushing and screening unit, ensures crushing and screening effect and processing efficiency.
As optimization, described washing unit, comprise the screw sand washer of an oblique setting, screw sand washer lower semisection soaks and is arranged in a washed-out sand pond, upper end, side, washed-out sand pond is provided with overflow port, lower end, washed-out sand pond is provided with outlet conduit, and the opening for feed that described screw sand washer lower end is arranged in washed-out sand pond is connected by the vibratory screening apparatus base plate A lower end outlet of transfer belt and crushing and screening unit vibratory screening apparatus A, and the discharge port below screw sand washer upper end and described vibratory screening apparatus B are connected.
Like this, during process, after granulated garbage enters into washing unit, wash in washed-out sand pond, wherein earth part is walked by water-band, the lightweight object such as wood chip float on the water surface and flow out collection and treatment at overflow port place, and the granulated garbage after washing is clean rises with screw sand washer and goes out upper end discharge port and takes vibratory screening apparatus B out of and sieve.Ensure that the granulated garbage composition that vibratory screening apparatus B sieves 0-5mm and the 5-8mm two kinds of particle size range obtained is building brick granulated garbage, make its steady quality reliable, improve follow-up brickmaking product effect.
As optimization, described outlet conduit is communicated to one end of a settling tank, and the settling tank the other end is connected on washed-out sand pond upright to opening for feed place, screw sand washer lower end by backwater water pump.
Like this, after the sewage after the washed-out sand of washed-out sand pond enters into settling tank precipitation with outlet conduit, recovery is drawn into washed-out sand pond and uses.The cycling use of water washing unit can be realized, save water cost.
Further, be vertically provided with crisscross dividing plate in described settling tank, settling tank Lower Half is isolated multiple sand setting space by dividing plate.Like this, the sedimentation effect of settling tank can be improved.
As optimization, described screw sand washer comprises the machine barrel that has flute profile inner chamber, the screw shaft promoted is provided with in machine barrel, screw shaft upper end passes machine barrel and is connected with the lifting motor be fixedly installed on outside machine barrel upper end, machine barrel lower end is provided with the opening for feed of open type, machine barrel is uniformly distributed and is provided with leaking hole.
Like this, adopt screw sand washer to carry out washed-out sand and lifting, have structure simple, it is convenient to control, the features such as good efficiency.
As optimization, described block forming unit comprises block machine, curing kilns, stacker crane and the confession trigger with the supporting setting of described block machine; The feeding mouth of described block machine communicates with described batching agitating unit; The discharge port of described block machine is provided with a chain type block conveyor; The other end of described chain type block conveyor is provided with Lift-slab machine; The first program car is provided with between the entrance of described Lift-slab machine and described curing kilns; Be provided with between the outlet and described stacker crane of described curing kilns and fall trigger; The second program car is provided with between described outlet of falling trigger and described curing kilns; Described falling between trigger and described stacker crane is provided with revolution chain conveyor; Described stacker crane is connected to outside factory building by the laths of metal transfer roller arranged; Wood composite pallet machine for releasing is provided with between described laths of metal transfer roller and described stacker crane; Plate turnover is provided with between trigger at described stacker crane and described confession.
During work, the concrete of batching agitating unit enters the feeding mouth of described block machine, with the trigger that supplies of block machine supporting setting, supporting plate is sent in block machine simultaneously, block machine is placed on supporting plate after concrete is made building block, then send in the bracket of Lift-slab machine together with supporting plate by described chain type block conveyor, rise after the receive carriers of Lift-slab machine to supporting plate a station, until the bracket in Lift-slab machine all has building block, send fully loaded instruction, notify the first program car.First program car the building block in Lift-slab machine is transported to carry out in curing kilns steam-cured; Simultaneously in curing kilns, steam-cured good building block is transported to by the second program car entirety and falls in trigger; Falling trigger delivers in stacker crane by revolution chain conveyor by steam-cured good building block, simultaneously, the wood composite pallet machine for releasing be arranged between laths of metal transfer roller and described stacker crane is placed on laths of metal transfer roller by storing the wood composite pallet reclaimed one by one, wood composite pallet is transported in stacker crane by laths of metal transfer roller, on the wood composite pallet of the building block AUTOMATIC ZONING piling that maintenance completes by stacker crane on laths of metal transfer roller, deliver to outside factory building finally by laths of metal transfer roller, be finally transported to appointed place natural curing by fork truck; Meanwhile, the supporting plate stayed after segment palletizing is sent in plate turnover by stacker crane, and supporting plate is sent into for recycle in trigger in plate turnover after the upset of 180 degree.Like this, the automatization of brickmaking process can just be realized.In addition, supporting plate is after the upset of plate turnover 180 degree, and micro-wing song distortion of recoverable supporting plate plane, extends the life-span of supporting plate.
As optimization, the feeding mouth of described block machine is also connected with secondary material distributing unit described in secondary material distributing unit and comprises raw material agitator, the water supply installation be connected with raw material agitator and secondary material distributing machine; Raw material rotary conveyor is provided with between the discharge port of described raw material agitator and secondary material distributing machine; The outlet of described secondary material distributing machine and the feeding mouth of described block machine just right.
During work, the raw material in raw material agitator is fallen on raw material rotary conveyor by discharge port, sends in secondary material distributing machine by raw material rotary conveyor, and the outlet finally by secondary material distributing machine is sent in block machine.Like this, when agitating unit of preparing burden supplies raw materials brickmaking, can fabric be added in secondary material distributing unit, complete the cloth of the colored fabric of fragment of brick; When agitating unit of preparing burden breaks down or need to overhaul, secondary material distributing unit can provide brick-making raw material for brickmaking for block machine, improves the utilization ratio of system.
As further optimization, described coarse aggregate storehouse, fine aggregate storehouse and filler bin outlet at bottom are positioned at the top of measuring belt conveyer origin or beginning, and described Weighing device is arranged between the middle part of measuring belt conveyer and tail end.Like this, the impact produced when aggregate is fallen on measuring belt conveyer would not produce excessive impact to the measuring result of Weighing device, ensure that the accuracy of weighing.
In sum, native system utilizes for brickmaking, turns waste into wealth, environmental protection and energy saving after building waste can being recycled, and the advantage such as it is high to have processing efficiency, and brickmaking is superior in quality.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the layout structure schematic diagram of building waste treatment system in the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of feeding machine in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of dust collecting system in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the layout structure schematic diagram of brickmaking production system in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation sketch of measuring belt conveyer part in Fig. 4.
When Fig. 7 is for specifically implementing, the structural representation of another kind of washing unit.
Fig. 8 be in Fig. 7 independent chain hook-type sand washer and washed-out sand pond part amplify after structural representation.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.
During concrete enforcement: as shown in figures 1 to 6, a kind of building waste recycling brick making system, wherein, comprise building waste treatment system and brickmaking production system, described building waste treatment system, comprises the feeder unit be connected successively, crushing and screening unit and secondary sieve unit, the jaw crusher 2 ' that described feeder unit comprises raw material cabin 1 ' and is connected with raw material cabin, described crushing and screening unit comprises an impact breaker 3 ', with the winnowing machine 4 ' that impact breaker discharge end is connected, with the vibratory screening apparatus A 5 ' that winnowing machine 4 ' discharge end is connected, described vibratory screening apparatus A involving vibrations sieve erecting frame A, oblique setting elasticity is arranged on the vibratory screening apparatus base plate A on vibratory screening apparatus erecting frame A, vibratory screening apparatus base plate A is fixedly installed vibrator A, above vibratory screening apparatus base plate A, parallel interval is fixedly installed the lower screen that mesh diameter is 8mm, above lower screen, parallel interval is fixedly installed the upper strata screen cloth that mesh diameter is 25mm, upper strata screen cloth, lower screen and vibratory screening apparatus base plate A both sides are all fixedly installed the side plate A for backgauge, described secondary sieve unit comprises a washing unit be connected with the exit, vibratory screening apparatus base plate A lower end of vibratory screening apparatus A 5 ', washing unit discharge end is connected a vibratory screening apparatus B 6 ', described vibratory screening apparatus B involving vibrations sieve erecting frame B, oblique setting elasticity is arranged on the vibratory screening apparatus base plate B on vibratory screening apparatus erecting frame B, vibratory screening apparatus base plate B is fixedly installed vibrator B, above vibratory screening apparatus base plate B, parallel interval is fixedly installed the screen cloth B that mesh diameter is 5mm, and screen cloth B and vibratory screening apparatus base plate B both sides are all fixedly installed the side plate B for backgauge, described secondary sieve unit also comprises a vibratory screening apparatus C 7 ' be connected with the exit, lower screen lower end of vibratory screening apparatus A5 ', vibratory screening apparatus C involving vibrations sieve erecting frame C, oblique setting elasticity is arranged on the vibratory screening apparatus base plate C on vibratory screening apparatus erecting frame C, vibratory screening apparatus base plate C is fixedly installed vibrator C, above vibratory screening apparatus base plate C, parallel interval is fixedly installed the screen cloth C that mesh diameter is 12mm, and screen cloth C and vibratory screening apparatus base plate C both sides are all fixedly installed the side plate C for backgauge, a dust collecting system is also comprised in building waste treatment system, described dust collecting system comprises a sack cleaner 8 ', sack cleaner blast inlet is sealedly connected with main ventilation pipeline 9 ', main ventilation pipeline 9 ' upper connection is provided with multiple bypass line 11 ' being provided with adjustable speed fan 10 ', bypass line includes the jaw crusher bypass line that air port is positioned at consecutive position above jaw crusher 2 ' discharge port, also include the impact breaker bypass line that air port is positioned at consecutive position above impact breaker 3 ' discharge port, also include the winnowing machine bypass line of air port and the docking of winnowing machine 4 ' air outlet.
Like this, building waste treatment system and brickmaking production system two parts structure is provided with in system, feeder unit is provided with in building waste treatment system, crushing and screening unit and secondary sieve unit, during use, building waste material enters into the raw material cabin of feeder unit by transport vehicle transports, then enter into jaw crusher tentatively to pulverize, jaw crusher is certainly as currently available products, it is large that it has opening for feed, crusher chamber is dark, crushing strength is high, the advantages such as reduction ratio is large, be suitable for the preliminary break process to building waste, crushing effect is good, facilitate the process operations such as follow-up magnetic separation separation and secondary breaking.In crushing and screening unit, be provided with impact breaker and carry out secondary breaking, then adopt winnowing machine to carry out the initial gross separation of dust and particulate material, then adopt vibratory screening apparatus to carry out particulate material screening and separating.Wherein, impact breaker is currently available products, it is a kind of crushing mechanism utilizing striking energy to carry out broken material, during work, under the drive of electric motor, rotor high-speed rotates, after material enters, fragmentation is clashed into epitrochanterian bar, then again broken to liner plate by counterattack again, finally discharge from discharge port.Have crushing effect good, crushing strength is high, and counterpunch board and bar gap can conveniently regulate, and effectively control discharging-material size, and the feature that particle shape is good is suitable for building waste secondary breaking, to ensure crushing effect.Then the winnowing machine adopted carries out preliminary selection by winnowing, winnowing machine is certainly as existing installation, selection by winnowing can be carried out to the granular substance of any kind, dust is removed by wind-force, remaining granulated garbage sieves through vibratory screening apparatus A again, and the particle getting itself 0-8mm and 8-25mm two kinds of different-grain diameter scopes enters subsequent cell process.Wherein the particle of 0-8mm particle size range enters into washing unit, after removing the materials such as the floating shape particle such as wood chip and the clay dust that is mingled with, enters into vibratory screening apparatus B and again sieves the two kinds of solid particulate products obtaining 0-5mm and 5-8mm particle diameter by washing.Then the granulated garbage of the particle diameter 8-25mm scope that filters out of vibratory screening apparatus A is (due to before through twice breaker program, the particulate solid intensity of lightweight is lower, crushing effect is good, therefore the particle that the overwhelming majority is all broken for small particle size scope enters the removal of washing unit) the two kinds of grain size products obtaining 8-12mm and 12-25mm scope are again sieved through vibratory screening apparatus C.Then in the dust collecting system arranged, the sack cleaner adopted is currently available products, its blast inlet is connected in system by each bypass line each position being easy to airborne dust and carries out travel fatigue collection by wind-force, health is clean more not only can to ensure native system Working environment, and the adjustable speed fan in each bypass line can be leaned on to regulate wind-force, the dust that guarantee is collected is the dust that granularity is less than 0.3mm.Like this, the building waste treatment system adopted arranges scientific and reasonable, can crushing and screening obtains powder (particle diameter is below 0.3mm, the material that sack cleaner is collected), particle diameter is the fines of below 5mm, particle diameter is respectively 5 ~ 8mm, 8-12mm and 12-25mm, three kinds of coarse fodders.Then, again the coarse fodder of powder, fines and corresponding kind is transported to brickmaking production system, interpolation three kinds of brick-making raw materials are proportionally required in brickmaking production system, add cement and the water of corresponding ratio again, can prepare with building waste after being uniformly mixed is the cement brick that body material obtains.
Wherein, in described dust collecting system, bypass line 11 ' also includes the vibratory screening apparatus A bypass line that air port is positioned at the online side consecutive position of upper sieve of vibratory screening apparatus A 5 ', also include the vibratory screening apparatus B bypass line of consecutive position above screen cloth B that air port is positioned at vibratory screening apparatus B 6 ', the vibratory screening apparatus C bypass line of consecutive position above the screen cloth C also including tuyere position vibratory screening apparatus C 7 '.
Like this, the dust above each vibratory screening apparatus in dust collecting system, can also be collected further, improve dust collection efficiency, also can ensure the effect that Working environment health is clean better.
Wherein, in described dust collecting system, described vibratory screening apparatus A bypass line inlet end is provided with the air intake cover A that an entirety is inverted tubaeform, and air intake cover A entirety covers the upper sieve side being on the net arranged at vibratory screening apparatus A; Described vibratory screening apparatus B bypass line inlet end is provided with the air intake cover B that an entirety is inverted tubaeform, and air intake cover B entirety covers the upper sieve side being on the net arranged at vibratory screening apparatus B; Described vibratory screening apparatus C bypass line inlet end is provided with the air intake cover C that an entirety is inverted tubaeform, and air intake cover C entirety covers the upper sieve side being on the net arranged at vibratory screening apparatus C.
Like this, the effect to dust collection above each vibratory screening apparatus can be ensured better.
Wherein, in described feeder unit, also be provided with feeding machine, feeding machine comprises the feeding machine body 12 ' that upper surface is flute profile inner chamber, feeding machine body 12 ' entirety is inclined to set, its upper surface flute profile inner chamber bottom surface upper semisection is platy structure and just arranges being arranged at below exit, raw material cabin lower end, flute profile inner chamber bottom surface lower semisection is spaced grating structure 13 ', upright to being provided with an earth belt conveyor 16 ' under grating structure, flute profile inner chamber lower end is feeding machine outlet, feeding machine outlet is connected with the jaw crusher entrance of below, feeding machine body lower surface two ends are arranged on respectively by spring 14 ' to be fixed on spring pedestal greatly, feeding machine body is also provided with feeding machine vibrator 15 '.
Like this, building waste material, after exporting from raw material cabin, be introduced into feeding machine, feeding machine is shaken loose loose for building waste by vibration, be beneficial to follow-up preliminary fragmentation, the soil profile be mingled with in building waste can be made to be fallen on earth belt conveyor by preliminary screening simultaneously and export, be beneficial to follow-up crushing and screening and obtain pure composition brick body particle.
Wherein, in described feeder unit, described raw material cabin and feeding machine are provided with two groups, and under the grating structure of two groups of feeding machines, Founder is arranged same earth belt conveyor; Like this to improve earth separation treatment efficiency.
Wherein, described crushing and screening unit, also comprise the crushing and screening feed belt 17 ' be connected between jaw crusher exit end and impact breaker entrance end, the first magnetic separation belt 18 ' is provided with above crushing and screening feed belt, first magnetic separation belt bottom has the magnetic separation section that a section is positioned at adjacent above crushing and screening feed belt, is provided with an electro-magnet 19 ' above the magnetic separation section of magnetic separation belt.
Like this, electro-magnet is opened during use, rubbish after fragmentation enters into crushing and screening feed belt, when through magnetic separation fragment position in transportation, the iron refuses such as the reinforcing bar be mingled with in rubbish can be adsorbed onto magnetic separation belt lower surface by electro-magnet, then paramagnetic selects belt movement to after leaving crushing and screening feed belt position, loses electromagnet suction and falls down recovery.Iron refuse can be got rid of in crushing and screening unit like this, ensure subsequent disposal effect.
Wherein, in described crushing and screening unit, the upper sieve end exit off the net of vibratory screening apparatus A is connected with the feed end of crushing and screening feed belt by a crushing and screening return conveyer 20 '.
Like this, the solid particulate being greater than 25mm of vibratory screening apparatus A screening place, circulates and processes in crushing and screening unit, ensures crushing and screening effect and processing efficiency.
Wherein, described washing unit, comprise the screw sand washer 21 ' of an oblique setting, screw sand washer 21 ' lower semisection soaks and is arranged in a washed-out sand pond 22 ', upper end, side, washed-out sand pond is provided with overflow port, lower end, washed-out sand pond 22 ' is provided with outlet conduit, the opening for feed that described screw sand washer 21 ' lower end is arranged in washed-out sand pond is connected by the vibratory screening apparatus base plate A lower end outlet of transfer belt and crushing and screening unit vibratory screening apparatus A, and the discharge port below screw sand washer upper end and described vibratory screening apparatus B are connected.
Like this, during process, after granulated garbage enters into washing unit, wash in washed-out sand pond, wherein earth part is walked by water-band, the lightweight object such as wood chip float on the water surface and flow out collection and treatment at overflow port place, and the granulated garbage after washing is clean rises with screw sand washer and goes out upper end discharge port and takes vibratory screening apparatus B out of and sieve.Ensure that the granulated garbage composition that vibratory screening apparatus B sieves 0-5mm and the 5-8mm two kinds of particle size range obtained is building brick granulated garbage, make its steady quality reliable, improve follow-up brickmaking product effect.
Wherein, described outlet conduit is communicated to one end of a settling tank 23 ', and it is upper upright to opening for feed place, screw sand washer lower end that the settling tank 23 ' the other end is connected to washed-out sand pond 22 ' by backwater water pump 24 '.
Like this, after the sewage after the washed-out sand of washed-out sand pond enters into settling tank precipitation with outlet conduit, recovery is drawn into washed-out sand pond and uses.The cycling use of water washing unit can be realized, save water cost.
Wherein, be vertically provided with crisscross dividing plate 25 ' in described settling tank 23 ', settling tank Lower Half is isolated multiple sand setting space by dividing plate 25 '.Like this, the sedimentation effect of settling tank can be improved.
Wherein, described screw sand washer 21 ' comprises the machine barrel that has flute profile inner chamber, the screw shaft promoted is provided with in machine barrel, screw shaft upper end passes machine barrel and is connected with the lifting motor be fixedly installed on outside machine barrel upper end, machine barrel lower end is provided with the opening for feed of open type, machine barrel is uniformly distributed and is provided with leaking hole.
Like this, adopt screw sand washer to carry out washed-out sand and lifting, have structure simple, it is convenient to control, the features such as good efficiency.
Wherein, described brickmaking production system, comprise block forming unit and batching agitating unit, described batching agitating unit comprises coarse aggregate storehouse 101, fine aggregate storehouse 102 and filler bin 103; Described coarse aggregate storehouse 101, fine aggregate storehouse 102 and the equal correspondence of filler bin 103 outlet at bottom are provided with a measuring belt conveyer 2; Described measuring belt conveyer 2 comprises haul belt and corresponding support and is arranged at Weighing device 201 below haul belt upper semisection; Described coarse aggregate storehouse 101, fine aggregate storehouse 102 and filler bin 103 outlet at bottom are provided with electromagnetic switch valve; Electromagnetic switch valve bottom described coarse aggregate storehouse 101, fine aggregate storehouse 102 and filler bin 103 is electrically connected with corresponding Weighing device 201; The below of described measuring belt conveyer 2 is provided with premix rotary conveyor 3; In described measuring belt conveyer 2, the tail end of haul belt is all positioned at the top of described premix rotary conveyor 3; Be provided with a stirrer 4 immediately below the tail end of described premix rotary conveyor 3, the discharge port of described stirrer 4 communicates with described block forming unit.
Described stirrer 4 is other is provided with cement bin 7; Described cement bin 7 bottom discharge mouth is connected with a worm conveyor 8, and the opening for feed of described worm conveyor 8 is connected with the discharge port bottom described cement bin 7; A cement weighing device 9 is provided with below the discharge port of described worm conveyor 8; The discharge opening of described cement weighing device 9 is just to the entrance of described stirrer 4; Described worm conveyor 8 is provided with the start stop switch controlling start and stop, described start stop switch is electrically connected with described cement weighing device 9.
Described stirrer 4 is connected with an automatic water supply device 26 by pipeline; The agitation vat of described stirrer 4 is built with humidity detection instrument, and described humidity detection instrument is electrically connected to described automatic water supply device 26.
During brickmaking work, open the electromagnetic switch valve bottom described coarse aggregate storehouse 101, fine aggregate storehouse 102 and filler bin 103, aggregate in aggregate bin drops on corresponding measuring belt conveyer 2, measuring belt conveyer 2 carries aggregate when Weighing device 201, Weighing device 201 pairs of aggregates are weighed and the storage that adds up, when accumulation result is the aggregate demand arranged, Weighing device 201 will close the corresponding electromagnetic switch valve of electrical connection, after electromagnetic switch valve is closed, count resets is zero by load-bearing measuring apparatus.Like this, by the effect of Weighing device 201 with electromagnetic switch valve, just accurately can control the usage quantity of coarse aggregate, fine aggregate and powder, ensure that the proportioning of brick-making raw material meets the requirements, improve the utilization ratio of aggregate, reduce the waste of raw material.
The superincumbent aggregate that falls transports and finally falls on the premix rotary conveyor 3 bottom measuring belt conveyer 2 by measuring belt conveyer 2, because three measuring belt conveyers 2 and premix rotary conveyor 3 are all in motion, the aggregate fallen on premix rotary conveyor 3 can be uniformly distributed by layer according to the order successively fallen, and realizes the pre-mixing to coarse aggregate, fine aggregate and powder.Aggregate after pre-mixing finally falls into stirrer 4 through the conveying of premix rotary conveyor 3.The discharge port of described stirrer 4 is just to being provided with concrete conveyer 5, and the other end of described concrete conveyer 5 is connected with the entrance of concrete feeding machine 6, and the outlet of described concrete feeding machine 6 communicates with described block forming unit.During concrete enforcement, the quantity of aggregate bin can be arranged according to the difference of the difference of brickmaking type or aggregate classification, is not limited to the present embodiment.
Cement in cement bin 7 is transported in cement weighing device 9 by worm conveyor 8, when cement weighing device 9 be weighed to meet cement weight that brickmaking requires time, the start stop switch controlling worm conveyor 8 makes worm conveyor 8 quit work; The cement of weighing adds in stirrer 4 by cement weighing device 9.Like this, by cement weighing device 9, the cement amount added is monitored, guarantee to meet brickmaking demand, decrease the waste of cement, improve the quality of product simultaneously.
Described stirrer 4 is connected with an automatic water supply device 26 with control module by pipeline; The agitation vat of described stirrer 4 is built with humidity detection instrument, and described humidity detection instrument is electrically connected in the control module of described automatic water supply device 26.During work, be arranged on the humidity of the humidity detection instrument monitoring agitation vat inside of the agitation vat inside of stirrer 4, and by result feedback to the control module of automatic water supply device 26, this control module according to feeding back humidity data, by sequence of control automatic governing amount of water.Like this, can ensure that the water yield in stirrer 4 meets the requirements.Avoid and add water excess, concrete is excessively rare, makes follow-up brickmaking cannot be shaping; Added water concrete overdrying at least, and fragment of brick easily occurs the shortcomings such as cohesive force is inadequate.During concrete enforcement, control module can be PLC control module, also can be other controls such as microcomputer chip control.
Concrete after stirrer 4 is uniformly mixed is fallen on concrete conveyer 5, and be transported in concrete feeding machine 6 temporary by concrete conveyer 5, concrete, according to brickmaking speed, is sent into block forming unit and carried out brickmaking by concrete feeding machine 6.Like this, employ concrete feeding machine 6 and the concrete after stirring is kept in, prevent the concrete in stirrer 4 to be directly used in the capacity of brickmaking beyond brick equipment, cause the fault of brick equipment.
By above-mentioned setting, the automatic interpolation of coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, powder and cement can be realized, decrease manual operation; Control the addition of every material simultaneously, guarantee that concrete proportioning meets the requirements, decrease the waste of material; In addition, before entering stirrer 4, coarse aggregate, fine aggregate and powder are carried out pre-mixing, decrease the time be uniformly mixed in stirrer 4, improve working efficiency.
In this specific embodiment, described block forming unit comprises block machine 10, curing kilns 12, stacker crane 13 and the confession trigger 11 with the supporting setting of described block machine 10; The feeding mouth of described block machine 10 communicates with the outlet of described concrete feeding machine 6; The discharge port of described block machine 10 is provided with a chain type block conveyor 14; The other end of described chain type block conveyor 14 is provided with Lift-slab machine 15; The first program car 16 is provided with between described Lift-slab machine 15 and the entrance of described curing kilns 12; Be provided with between the outlet and described stacker crane 13 of described curing kilns 12 and fall trigger 17; The second program car 18 is provided with between described outlet of falling trigger 17 and described curing kilns 12; Described fall to be provided with between trigger 17 and described stacker crane 13 turn round chain conveyor 19; Described stacker crane 13 is connected to outside factory building by the laths of metal transfer roller 20 arranged; Wood composite pallet machine for releasing 21 is provided with between described laths of metal transfer roller 20 and described stacker crane 13; Plate turnover 22 is provided with between trigger 11 at described stacker crane 13 and described confession.
During work, the concrete of batching agitating unit enters the feeding mouth of described block machine 10, with the trigger 11 that supplies of block machine 10 supporting setting, supporting plate is sent in block machine 10 simultaneously, block machine 10 is placed on supporting plate after concrete is made building block, then send in the bracket of Lift-slab machine 15 together with supporting plate by described chain type block conveyor 14, rise after the receive carriers of Lift-slab machine 15 to supporting plate a station, until the bracket in Lift-slab machine 15 all has building block, send fully loaded instruction, notify the first program car 16.First program car 16 building block in Lift-slab machine 15 is transported to carry out in curing kilns 12 steam-cured; Simultaneously in curing kilns 12, steam-cured good building block is transported to by the second program car 18 entirety and falls in trigger 17; Falling trigger 17 delivers in stacker crane 13 by revolution chain conveyor 19 by steam-cured good building block, simultaneously, the wood composite pallet machine for releasing 21 be arranged between laths of metal transfer roller 20 and described stacker crane 13 is placed on laths of metal transfer roller 20 by storing the wood composite pallet reclaimed one by one, wood composite pallet is transported in stacker crane 13 by laths of metal transfer roller 20, on the wood composite pallet of the building block AUTOMATIC ZONING piling that maintenance completes by stacker crane 13 on laths of metal transfer roller 20, deliver to outside factory building finally by laths of metal transfer roller 20, be finally transported to appointed place natural curing by fork truck; Meanwhile, the supporting plate stayed after segment palletizing is sent in plate turnover 22 by stacker crane 13, and supporting plate is sent into for recycle in trigger 11 in plate turnover 22 after the upset of 180 degree.Like this, the automatization of brickmaking process can just be realized.In addition, supporting plate is after plate turnover 22 does the upset of 180 degree, and micro-wing song distortion of recoverable supporting plate plane, extends the life-span of supporting plate.
In this specific embodiment, the feeding mouth of described block machine 10 is also connected with secondary material distributing unit, and described secondary material distributing unit comprises raw material agitator 23, the water supply installation be connected with raw material agitator 23 and secondary material distributing machine 24; Raw material rotary conveyor 25 is provided with between the discharge port of described raw material agitator 23 and secondary material distributing machine 24; The outlet of described secondary material distributing machine 24 and the feeding mouth of described block machine 10 just right.
During work, the raw material in raw material agitator 23 is fallen on raw material rotary conveyor 25 by discharge port, sends in secondary material distributing machine 24 by raw material rotary conveyor 25, and the outlet finally by secondary material distributing machine 24 is sent in block machine 10.Like this, when agitating unit of preparing burden supplies raw materials brickmaking, can fabric be added in secondary material distributing unit, complete the cloth of the colored fabric of fragment of brick; When agitating unit of preparing burden breaks down or need to overhaul, secondary material distributing unit can provide brick-making raw material for brickmaking for block machine 10, improves the utilization ratio of system.
In this specific embodiment, described coarse aggregate storehouse 101, fine aggregate storehouse 102 and filler bin 103 outlet at bottom are positioned at the top of measuring belt conveyer 2 origin or beginning, between the middle part that described Weighing device 201 is arranged on measuring belt conveyer 2 and tail end.Like this, the impact produced when aggregate is fallen on measuring belt conveyer 2 would not produce excessive impact to the measuring result of Weighing device 201, ensure that the accuracy of weighing.
This brickmaking production system can the precise amounts of coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, powder and cement in nonstick system of control brick process, the amount of water in whipping process can be monitored simultaneously, make brick-making raw material proportioning accurate, avoid material loss while ensureing quality product, realize the automatization that brickmaking is produced.
During concrete enforcement, above-mentioned measuring belt conveyer, block machine, curing kilns, stacker crane, for trigger, chain type block conveyor, Lift-slab machine, first program car, trigger falls, second program car, revolution chain conveyor, laths of metal transfer roller, wood composite pallet machine for releasing, plate turnover, raw material agitator, secondary material distributing machine, raw material rotary conveyor, Weighing device is arranged, premix rotary conveyor, stirrer, cement bin, worm conveyor, cement weighing device, the each several part components self such as humidity detection instrument are all belong to ripe prior art, component self does not belong to the application makes creative contribution place to prior art, the application is above-mentioned each existing parts to be arranged on the location fix of particular requirement to the place that prior art makes creative contribution, and combined and connect, make it can control the proportioning of each raw material in brickmaking process, effectively material loss is avoided while improving the quality of products, realize the automatization that brickmaking is produced.
In addition, during concrete enforcement, described washing unit can also adopt structure shown in Fig. 7-8, it comprises the chain hook-type sand washer 21 of an oblique setting ", in chain hook-type sand washer 21 " lower semisection soaks and is arranged on a washed-out sand pond 22 ", upper end, side, washed-out sand pond is provided with overflow port, " lower end is provided with outlet conduit in washed-out sand pond 22, " opening for feed that lower end is arranged in washed-out sand pond is connected by the vibratory screening apparatus base plate A lower end outlet of transfer belt and crushing and screening unit vibratory screening apparatus A described chain hook-type sand washer 21, discharge port below chain hook-type sand washer upper end and described vibratory screening apparatus B are connected.
Like this, during process, after granulated garbage enters into washing unit, wash in washed-out sand pond, wherein earth part is walked by water-band, the lightweight object such as wood chip float on the water surface and flow out collection and treatment at overflow port place, and the granulated garbage after washing is clean rises with chain hook-type sand washer and goes out upper end discharge port and takes vibratory screening apparatus B out of and sieve.Ensure that the granulated garbage composition that vibratory screening apparatus B sieves 0-5mm and the 5-8mm two kinds of particle size range obtained is building brick granulated garbage, make its steady quality reliable, improve follow-up brickmaking product effect.
Wherein, described outlet conduit is communicated to a settling tank 23 " one end, it is " upper upright to opening for feed place, chain hook-type sand washer lower end that settling tank 23 " the other end is by backwater water pump 24 " is connected to washed-out sand pond 22.
Like this, after the sewage after the washed-out sand of washed-out sand pond enters into settling tank precipitation with outlet conduit, recovery is drawn into washed-out sand pond and uses.The cycling use of water washing unit can be realized, save water cost.
Wherein, described settling tank 23 " in be vertically provided with crisscross dividing plate 25 ", settling tank Lower Half " is isolated multiple sand setting space by dividing plate 25.Like this, the sedimentation effect of settling tank can be improved.
Wherein, described chain hook-type sand washer 21 " comprises parallel one on the other and two the chain hook machine roll shafts vertically shifted to install and the chain hook conveying belt be set in ringwise on chain hook machine roll shaft, chain hook machine roll shaft to be arranged at rotationally in chain hook machine frame and to be connected with the dynamo-electric machine of chain hook, chain hook conveying belt is made up of some adjacent half section of superimposed successively chain hook plate hinge connections, the part that chain hook plate both sides have the extension of Vertical dimension annular, outer forms U-shaped structure with entirety, chain hook plate is uniformly distributed and is provided with leaking hole, chain hook conveying belt forms opening for feed above lower end, chain hook conveying belt upper end forms discharge port below end.
Like this, adopt chain hook-type sand washer to carry out washed-out sand and lifting, have structure simple, it is convenient to control, the features such as good efficiency.

Claims (9)

1. a building waste recycling brick making system, it is characterized in that, comprise building waste treatment system and brickmaking production system, described building waste treatment system, comprises the feeder unit be connected successively, crushing and screening unit and secondary sieve unit, the jaw crusher that described feeder unit comprises raw material cabin and is connected with raw material cabin, described crushing and screening unit comprises an impact breaker, with the winnowing machine that impact breaker discharge end is connected, with the vibratory screening apparatus A that winnowing machine discharge end is connected, described vibratory screening apparatus A involving vibrations sieve erecting frame A, oblique setting elasticity is arranged on the vibratory screening apparatus base plate A on vibratory screening apparatus erecting frame A, vibratory screening apparatus base plate A is fixedly installed vibrator A, above vibratory screening apparatus base plate A, parallel interval is fixedly installed the lower screen that mesh diameter is 8mm, above lower screen, parallel interval is fixedly installed the upper strata screen cloth that mesh diameter is 25mm, upper strata screen cloth, lower screen and vibratory screening apparatus base plate A both sides are all fixedly installed the side plate A for backgauge, described secondary sieve unit comprises a washing unit be connected with the exit, vibratory screening apparatus base plate A lower end of vibratory screening apparatus A, washing unit discharge end is connected a vibratory screening apparatus B, described vibratory screening apparatus B involving vibrations sieve erecting frame B, oblique setting elasticity is arranged on the vibratory screening apparatus base plate B on vibratory screening apparatus erecting frame B, vibratory screening apparatus base plate B is fixedly installed vibrator B, above vibratory screening apparatus base plate B, parallel interval is fixedly installed the screen cloth B that mesh diameter is 5mm, and screen cloth B and vibratory screening apparatus base plate B both sides are all fixedly installed the side plate B for backgauge, described secondary sieve unit also comprises a vibratory screening apparatus C be connected with the exit, lower screen lower end of vibratory screening apparatus A, vibratory screening apparatus C involving vibrations sieve erecting frame C, oblique setting elasticity is arranged on the vibratory screening apparatus base plate C on vibratory screening apparatus erecting frame C, vibratory screening apparatus base plate C is fixedly installed vibrator C, above vibratory screening apparatus base plate C, parallel interval is fixedly installed the screen cloth C that mesh diameter is 12mm, and screen cloth C and vibratory screening apparatus base plate C both sides are all fixedly installed the side plate C for backgauge, a dust collecting system is also comprised in building waste treatment system,
Described brickmaking production system comprises block forming unit and batching agitating unit, and described batching agitating unit comprises coarse aggregate storehouse, fine aggregate storehouse and filler bin; Described coarse aggregate storehouse, fine aggregate storehouse and the equal correspondence of filler bin outlet at bottom are provided with a measuring belt conveyer; Described measuring belt conveyer comprises haul belt and corresponding support and is arranged at Weighing device below haul belt upper semisection; Described coarse aggregate storehouse, fine aggregate storehouse and filler bin outlet at bottom are provided with electromagnetic switch valve; Electromagnetic switch valve bottom described coarse aggregate storehouse, fine aggregate storehouse and filler bin is electrically connected with corresponding Weighing device; The below of described measuring belt conveyer is provided with premix rotary conveyor; In described measuring belt conveyer, the tail end of haul belt is all positioned at the top of described premix rotary conveyor; Be provided with a stirrer immediately below the tail end of described premix rotary conveyor, the discharge port of described stirrer communicates with described block forming unit;
Described stirrer is other is provided with cement bin; Described cement bin bottom discharge mouth is connected with a worm conveyor, and the opening for feed of described worm conveyor is connected with the discharge port bottom described cement bin; A cement weighing device is provided with below the discharge port of described worm conveyor; The discharge opening of described cement weighing device is just to the entrance of described stirrer; Described worm conveyor is provided with the start stop switch controlling start and stop, described start stop switch is electrically connected with described cement weighing device;
Described stirrer is connected with an automatic water supply device with control module by pipeline; The agitation vat of described stirrer is built with humidity detection instrument, and described humidity detection instrument is electrically connected in the control module of described automatic water supply device.
2. building waste recycling brick making system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described dust collecting system comprises a sack cleaner, sack cleaner blast inlet is sealedly connected with main ventilation pipeline, main ventilation pipeline is communicated with and is provided with multiple bypass line being provided with adjustable speed fan, bypass line includes the jaw crusher bypass line that air port is positioned at consecutive position above jaw crusher discharge port, also include the impact breaker bypass line that air port is positioned at consecutive position above impact breaker discharge port, also include the winnowing machine bypass line of air port and the docking of winnowing machine air outlet, in described dust collecting system, bypass line also includes the vibratory screening apparatus A bypass line that air port is positioned at the online side consecutive position of upper sieve of vibratory screening apparatus A, also include the vibratory screening apparatus B bypass line of consecutive position above screen cloth B that air port is positioned at vibratory screening apparatus B, the vibratory screening apparatus C bypass line of consecutive position above the screen cloth C also including tuyere position vibratory screening apparatus C.
3. building waste recycling brick making system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, in described dust collecting system, described vibratory screening apparatus A bypass line inlet end is provided with the air intake cover A that an entirety is inverted tubaeform, and air intake cover A entirety covers the upper sieve side being on the net arranged at vibratory screening apparatus A; Described vibratory screening apparatus B bypass line inlet end is provided with the air intake cover B that an entirety is inverted tubaeform, and air intake cover B entirety covers the upper sieve side being on the net arranged at vibratory screening apparatus B; Described vibratory screening apparatus C bypass line inlet end is provided with the air intake cover C that an entirety is inverted tubaeform, and air intake cover C entirety covers the upper sieve side being on the net arranged at vibratory screening apparatus C.
4. building waste recycling brick making system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described feeder unit, also be provided with feeding machine, feeding machine comprises the feeding machine body that upper surface is flute profile inner chamber, feeding machine animal economy is inclined to set, its upper surface flute profile inner chamber bottom surface upper semisection is platy structure and just arranges being arranged at below exit, raw material cabin lower end, flute profile inner chamber bottom surface lower semisection is spaced grating structure, upright to being provided with an earth belt conveyor under grating structure, flute profile inner chamber lower end is feeding machine outlet, feeding machine outlet is connected with the jaw crusher entrance of below, feeding machine body lower surface two ends are being fixed on spring pedestal greatly respectively by spring fitting, feeding machine body is also provided with feeding machine vibrator.
5. building waste recycling brick making system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described crushing and screening unit, also comprise the crushing and screening feed belt be connected between jaw crusher exit end and impact breaker entrance end, the first magnetic separation belt is provided with above crushing and screening feed belt, first magnetic separation belt bottom has the magnetic separation section that a section is positioned at adjacent above crushing and screening feed belt, is provided with an electro-magnet above the magnetic separation section of magnetic separation belt.
6. building waste recycling brick making system as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that, in described crushing and screening unit, the upper sieve end exit off the net of vibratory screening apparatus A is connected by the feed end of a crushing and screening return conveyer and crushing and screening feed belt.
7. building waste recycling brick making system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described washing unit, comprise the screw sand washer of an oblique setting, screw sand washer lower semisection soaks and is arranged in a washed-out sand pond, upper end, side, washed-out sand pond is provided with overflow port, lower end, washed-out sand pond is provided with outlet conduit, the opening for feed that described screw sand washer lower end is arranged in washed-out sand pond is connected by the vibratory screening apparatus base plate A lower end outlet of transfer belt and crushing and screening unit vibratory screening apparatus A, and the discharge port below screw sand washer upper end and described vibratory screening apparatus B are connected.
8. building waste recycling brick making system as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, described outlet conduit is communicated to one end of a settling tank, and the settling tank the other end is connected on washed-out sand pond upright to opening for feed place, screw sand washer lower end by backwater water pump.
9. building waste recycling brick making system as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, described screw sand washer comprises the machine barrel that has flute profile inner chamber, the screw shaft promoted is provided with in machine barrel, screw shaft upper end passes machine barrel and is connected with the lifting motor be fixedly installed on outside machine barrel upper end, machine barrel lower end is provided with the opening for feed of open type, machine barrel is uniformly distributed and is provided with leaking hole.
CN201510177388.7A 2015-04-15 2015-04-15 Construction waste recycling brick manufacturing system Pending CN104860561A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106238186A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-21 河南威猛振动设备股份有限公司 A kind of building waste processing system
CN107282606A (en) * 2017-08-12 2017-10-24 临汾同孚新型建材有限公司 A kind of method of mobile construction waste scene recycling
CN107377584A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-11-24 赵长强 Building waste recycling method
CN108246766A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-07-06 邓建芳 A kind of building waste reclaimer
CN109261685A (en) * 2017-07-17 2019-01-25 浙江兆联智能科技有限公司 A kind of processing of city decoration garbage and regeneration technique
CN109678378A (en) * 2019-03-08 2019-04-26 泗县惠赐建材有限公司 A kind of application of building waste treatment process and gained recycled aggregate
CN110227704A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-09-13 中国建筑第二工程局有限公司 A kind of building waste recovery system
CN112221701A (en) * 2020-09-19 2021-01-15 常州市从江再生资源利用有限公司 Method for resource utilization of waste incineration slag
CN112570426A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-30 绍兴宾果科技有限公司 Construction waste treatment device and treatment method

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CN202643571U (en) * 2012-06-21 2013-01-02 重庆立洋绿色产业发展有限公司 System for producing baking-free bricks by utilizing construction waste

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CN202643571U (en) * 2012-06-21 2013-01-02 重庆立洋绿色产业发展有限公司 System for producing baking-free bricks by utilizing construction waste

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106238186A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-21 河南威猛振动设备股份有限公司 A kind of building waste processing system
CN106238186B (en) * 2016-08-30 2019-10-18 河南威猛振动设备股份有限公司 A kind of building waste processing system
CN109261685A (en) * 2017-07-17 2019-01-25 浙江兆联智能科技有限公司 A kind of processing of city decoration garbage and regeneration technique
CN107377584A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-11-24 赵长强 Building waste recycling method
CN107282606A (en) * 2017-08-12 2017-10-24 临汾同孚新型建材有限公司 A kind of method of mobile construction waste scene recycling
CN108246766A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-07-06 邓建芳 A kind of building waste reclaimer
CN109678378A (en) * 2019-03-08 2019-04-26 泗县惠赐建材有限公司 A kind of application of building waste treatment process and gained recycled aggregate
CN110227704A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-09-13 中国建筑第二工程局有限公司 A kind of building waste recovery system
CN112221701A (en) * 2020-09-19 2021-01-15 常州市从江再生资源利用有限公司 Method for resource utilization of waste incineration slag
CN112221701B (en) * 2020-09-19 2021-07-06 常州市从江再生资源利用有限公司 Method for resource utilization of waste incineration slag
CN112570426A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-30 绍兴宾果科技有限公司 Construction waste treatment device and treatment method

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