CN204107965U - A kind of town and country solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system - Google Patents

A kind of town and country solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204107965U
CN204107965U CN201420416267.4U CN201420416267U CN204107965U CN 204107965 U CN204107965 U CN 204107965U CN 201420416267 U CN201420416267 U CN 201420416267U CN 204107965 U CN204107965 U CN 204107965U
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China
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waste
building
stockyard
sorting
town
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CN201420416267.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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李明泽
白天
何峰
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新密市环新生活垃圾处理有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/20Sludge processing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/40Valorisation of by-products of wastewater, sewage or sludge processing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of town and country solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system, comprise meal agriculture and forestry organic waste material stockyard, kitchen, municipal sludge stockyard, house refuse stockyard, building waste stockyard, and Pre-sorting device, active fertilizer producing equipment, anaerobic ferment devices, pyrolysis gasifying device, domestic waste sorting device, plastic cleaning prilling granulator, sintering building material device, compacting building material device, construction waste crushing screening plant and dedusting odor removal.Adopt the comprehensive treatment mode that " active composting, anaerobic fermentation, pyrolytic gasification, plastic granulating, sintering building materials, compacting building materials and crushing and screening " combines, each component in the rubbish of town and country is reached make the best use of everything, basic realization " zero landfill ", ensure the process of garbage harmless, minimizing and resource, effective minimizing secondary pollution, alleviates the environmental pollution that city is brought because of rubbish.

Description

A kind of town and country solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system

Technical field

The utility model relates to the processing technology field of solid waste, is specifically related to solid waste process and the recycle utilizations such as a kind of meal kitchen agriculture and forestry organic waste material, municipal sludge, urban and rural domestic refuse, building waste.

Background technology

Environment is that the mankind depend on for existence and the primary condition developed, in the face of China's Development of China's Urbanization is accelerated, expansion, the population of Urban Scale increase, industrial developing rapidly, solid waste discharge capacity also grows with each passing day, therefore, MSW process has received the concern of the public and has become one of focus of resource environment problems.

Because China's house refuse complicated component is changeable, and have " recyclable materials content and calorific value lower; msw water content and biodegradable content of organics high " feature, the refuse disposal system of single mode is not only difficult to reach the requirement of disposal of refuse resource, innoxious, minimizing, and processing cost is high.Only have and rubbish pretreatment and actual garbage as resource mode are organically combined, just can overcome rubbish and form changeable characteristic, thus improve the efficiency of garbage as resource.

Utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of town and country solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system, each component in the rubbish of town and country is reached make the best use of everything, basic realization " zero landfill ", ensure the process of garbage harmless, minimizing and resource, effective minimizing secondary pollution, alleviates the environmental pollution that city is brought because of rubbish.

In order to realize above object, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:

A kind of town and country solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system, comprise meal agriculture and forestry organic waste material stockyard, kitchen, municipal sludge stockyard, house refuse stockyard, building waste stockyard, described town and country solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system also comprise Pre-sorting device, active fertilizer producing equipment, anaerobic ferment devices, pyrolysis gasifying device, domestic waste sorting device, plastic cleaning prilling granulator, sintering building material device, compacting building material device, construction waste crushing screening plant and dedusting odor removal; Agriculture and forestry organic waste material stockyard, described meal kitchen is connected with Pre-sorting device through conveying device, and described Pre-sorting device is connected with active fertilizer producing equipment and anaerobic ferment devices respectively by conveying device; ; Described municipal sludge stockyard is connected with anaerobic ferment devices, pyrolysis gasifying device successively through conveying device; Described house refuse stockyard is connected with domestic waste sorting device through conveying device, domestic waste sorting device respectively with pyrolysis gasifying device, plastic cleaning prilling granulator, sinter building material device, suppress building material device and be connected; Described building waste stockyard through conveying device successively with construction waste crushing screening plant, suppress building material device and be connected; Described Pre-sorting device, active fertilizer producing equipment, anaerobic ferment devices, pyrolysis gasifying device, domestic waste sorting device, plastic cleaning prilling granulator, sintering building material device, compacting building material device, construction waste crushing screening plant are all connected with dedusting odor removal; Described compacting building material device is connected in series is formed by aggregate verifying attachment, burden agitator, vibrating formation unit, product transporter, product curing means, finished product palletizing apparatus, finished product transporter; Described dedusting odor removal comprises blower fan and acid-alkali washing tower, and described blower fan is connected by pipeline with acid-alkali washing tower.

Described anaerobic ferment devices by allocating sand removing tank, be separated pulping tank, homogeneous regulating reservoir, feed pump, anaerobic digestion reaction vessel be connected in series successively and form, described anaerobic digestion reaction vessel is connected with natural pond liquid storage tank and biogas gas holder respectively, and described biogas gas holder is connected in series with purification device and gas well successively.

Described pyrolysis gasifying device is connected in series successively is formed by material loading driving, hydraulic pressure charging gear, pyrolysis gasification furnace, dust arrester, electrical tar precipitator, cooling device, purifier, is provided with a deslagging device below described pyrolysis gasification furnace.

Described domestic waste sorting device is connected in series successively is formed by slat feeder, Pre-sorting machine, bag-broken breaker, integrated sorter, specific gravity separator.

Described plastic cleaning prilling granulator is connected in series successively is formed by magnetic separator, high speed single-shaft crusher, first order high speed cleaning machine, foreign substance removing apparatus, proportion seperator, second time cleaning machine, squeezing dehydration apparatus, drying machine and secondary single screw extrusion machine.

Described sintering building material device is connected in series successively is formed by breaker, mixer, ageing storehouse, box feeding machine, mixing extruder, fine cracking double roller machine, two-stage vacuum extruder for blocks, hothouse, tunnel cave, finished product stockyard.

Described construction waste crushing screening plant is connected in series successively by drawing-in device, jaw crusher, impact breaker, ferromagnetic substance removing device and screening plant and forms.

The town and country solid waste cooperative disposal that the utility model provides and the specific works process of resource utilization system are:

1, kitchen agriculture and forestry organic waste material of eating is delivered to Pre-sorting machine through stockpile field, and after Pre-sorting, the part that water content is low is delivered to active fertilizer producing equipment, obtained fertilizer; The part that water content is high is delivered to anaerobic ferment devices, produces biogas.

2, municipal sludge is delivered to anaerobic ferment devices through stockpile field, ferments, and produces biogas; The combustible that can not carry out anaerobic fermentation enters pyrolysis gasifying device further, and through reaction generating portion tar and imflammable gas, described imflammable gas can for sintering building material device sintering building materials.

3, house refuse is delivered to sorting unit through stockpile field, after sorting, enters pyrolysis gasifying device, plastic cleaning prilling granulator, sintering building material device and compacting building material device respectively, obtains tar, plastic grain, fired brick, municipal floor tile successively.

4, building waste is delivered to construction waste crushing screening plant through stockpile field, sieves, and fine grained enters compacting building material device and makes municipal floor tile, and bulky grain part is as aggregate.

The town and country solid waste cooperative disposal that the utility model provides and the specific works flow process of each device of resource utilization system as follows:

1, active fertilizer producing equipment

The organic matter sub-elected in changing food waste, agriculture and forestry organic waste material enters screening plant through feed arrangement, through mechanical pretreatment, enter materialized pretreatment device, then wetting agent, key is added from agent, add organic matter stabilizing agent and inorganic matter stabilizing agent enters high speed stabilization process, add again activator, soft dose enter high speed activation stage, then add composite fertilizer's agent and carry out refining, packaging, make active organic fertilizer.

During High-Temperature Composting is having under controlled condition, utilizes microorganism to carry out biochemical breakdown to the organic matter in rubbish, makes it become a kind of process with the humic earthy material of good stability.Organic waste is the material conditions that compost microbe is depended on for existence, bred, in aerobic composting process, microbial activities produces and the heat discharged is large, and heap temperature is raised rapidly, and the temperature reached is high and high-temperature duration is long, be conducive to the innoxious of rubbish, compost makes the security made good use of.Aerobic composting process is corresponding has that decomposed substance is thorough, fermentation period is short, produce odor pollution little, be suitable for do mechanization operation, to features such as building requirement are low, be the major way of organic waste compost treatment in the world at present.

2, anaerobic ferment devices

After the comprehensive sorting of rubbish, first organic waste enters anaerobic pretreatment workshop and carries out fragmentation, then the slag stone in allotment sand removing tank sorting removing house refuse is entered, separation pulping is sent after slagging-off stone, further broken pulp, and after isolating impurity wherein further, send homogeneous regulating reservoir and modified after municipal sludge mixing preparation to solid content 10%, and realize heat in advance.Deployed material is dosed into anaerobic digestion reaction vessel by feed pump equilibrium, the preferred screw pump of feed pump, and feed mode is batch-type.Reactor is furnished with the device of the anaerobic processes state modulator necessity such as temperature-detecting device, omnibearing stereo stirring system, omnibearing stereo temperature raising and maintaining system, anti-scum silica frost knot convering system, sediment outflow blowdown system, sampler, discharging system, realizes system high efficiency stable operation.

Product after material anaerobic fermentation has digestive juice and biogas, digestive juice enter natural pond liquid storage tank carry out temporary after send brick making system to utilize.The biogas that anaerobic reactor produces is delivered to biogas gas holder and is stored after desulfurization pretreatment, and as building materials manufacturing system source of the gas or after purification, vehicle CNG is made in compression.

3, pyrolysis gasifying device

The pyrolytic gasification technology of house refuse, that gasifiable house refuse is inserted in pyrolysis gasification furnace, under the condition of high temperature, anoxic or anaerobic, through pyrolytic gasification reaction after a while, organic component in house refuse is made to obtain sufficient pyrolytic gasification, in pyrolytic gasification process, organic macromolecule state is cracked into Small molecular state fuel gas, and residue is molten slag, and all kinds of bacteria pathogeny bacterium is thoroughly killed.

When adopting pyrolytic gasification technique, hydraulic pressure charging gear can be entered by material loading driving by pyrolytic gasification rubbish, through hydraulic drive feeding, enter pyrolysis gasification furnace.Under the acting in conjunction of high temperature, air, steam, fuel gas is produced through pyrolytic reaction, again through deslagging device, dust arrester, electrically trapped tar oil device, cooling device, carry out cooling, drying, the technique such as purification, can obtain calorific value is 5500 ~ 6500kJ/Nm 3, pressure is the pure commercial natural gas of 11000 ~ 25000Pa.Rubbish average aerogenesis per ton about 1200 ~ 1800m 3, can realize exporting around the clock, continuously.

Pyrolytic gasification processing step is as follows:

The first step: the combustable organic things such as the leaf in rubbish, wooden thing, vegetable leaf, plastic, rubber packing material, waste paper, cloth, add pyrolysis gasification furnace from furnace roof, with the pyrolysis contacts fuel gas of temperature at 80 ~ 120 DEG C in the process declined, constantly attached water is sloughed in 1 ~ 2 hour, water becomes steam and discharges out of the furnace together with pyrolysis combustion gas, and rubbish is desiccation progressively.

Second step: dried rubbish combustible, part to rise the baking of scorching hot combustion gas that the temperature of coming is 200 ~ 450 DEG C from conversion zone, there is dry distillation reactor, generate fuel gas and the steam (H such as alkanes (CmHn), carbon monoxide (CO), tar 2o), chlorine (Cl) Element generation hydrogen chloride (HCl) gas in the materials such as plastic, rubber, sulphur (S) Element generation (H 2s) gas, above all gas is discharged from upper of furnace body together.

3rd step: the rubbish after destructive distillation, main residues is the noncombustibles such as coke and minority clay, under 1100 ~ 1200 DEG C of high temperature, by the effect of steam, redox reaction occurs and produces carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen (H 2) etc. fuel gas, discharge in the middle part of body of heater.

4th step: rubbish gasification of combustible material completes the inorganic slag become containing a small amount of fixed carbon, is got rid of bottom reacting furnace by special tapping mechanism.

4, domestic waste sorting device

Refuse collector enters discharging hall after weighbridge weighs, discharging in garbage storing hole.Crude waste through grab bucket meter heavily on expect chain scraper conveyor, chain scraper conveyor by mass transport to Pre-sorting machine.Bulky Waste in rubbish is all separated that (particle diameter is greater than 400mm by Pre-sorting machine, sorting index 99%), sandy soil class rubbish in rubbish can be isolated 80% (below particle diameter 30mm) left and right simultaneously, refuse grinder delivered to by material between 30mm ~ 400mm, after bag-broken breaker fragmentation, enter integrative fanning machine.

The polybag do not opened in rubbish can all be opened by disintegrating machine, and is broken up by the foreign material be bonded on plastics, and organic matter particle diameter being greater than 60mm is smashed to below 60mm.

Rubbish after bag-broken breaker process falls to integrative fanning machine naturally, enters the rotary screen that integrative fanning machine rotates.The screen drum of integrative fanning machine divides two sections, front and back, leading portion screen drum aperture 60mm, back segment sieve aperture 40mm.On the inwall of cylinder, be distributed with six helixes combined by flight, the helix of this flight combination, repeatedly can not only seethe rubbish, make it fully participate in screening, and the waste plastic in rubbish fully can be seethed out and participate in selection by winnowing successively in cylinder.

Light materials is fed into back segment screen drum through wind, and the material main component being greater than 40mm is plastics, enters follow-up plastic cleaning granulating system after artificial separation; Screenings between leading portion screen drum and back segment screen drum is the component of refuse based on organic matter, and this part rubbish enters anaerobic fermentation system; Leading portion is greater than the combustible of 60mm, by specific gravity separator, removes the non-combustible compositions such as masonry tile fragment, and masonry tile fragment enters sintering building materials system, and combustible component enters pyrolysis gasification system.

5, plastic cleaning prilling granulator

The regeneration and granulation of the film class plastics sorted out from rubbish mainly can be divided into following 5 processing sections:

(1) reduction stage: after film class plastic waste plastics, through artificial foreign matter of discharging simultaneously with addition of magnetic separation, gets rid of uncomfortable thing before broken.According to the breakage properties of film class material, have employed high speed single-shaft crusher.In order to reach better crushing effect and be easy to the process of subsequent technique, this workshop section have employed water spray wet type crumbling method in machine; While fragmentation, realize the initial gross separation of film and attachment.

(2) cleaning section: in order to remove the attachment of film and obtain high-quality plastic reclaimed product, this workshop section arranges secondary high velocity sweep system.

After first order high velocity sweep is arranged on fragmentation, be intended to separating film and attachment, make follow-up proportion seperator realize better separating effect.After second level high velocity sweep is arranged on proportion separation, object is that the film class after proportion is separated is cleaned again, while removing foreign matter, alleviates the stink from house refuse.By secondary high velocity sweep, film is got effective washing, guaranteeing regenerated plastics particle high-purity, high-quality while, reduce the stink in particle.

(3) selections are divided: the foreign matter removing before this workshop section mainly contains fragmentation is separated this two processes with proportion.

Proportion is separated and adopts the rotating shaft of multiaxis friction speed, according to characteristic adjustment operating mode, to greatest extent separating film and the foreign matter of material, comprises being separated of plastics heterogeneous with other, guarantees the purity of material, also makes subsequent technique can trouble-free operation.

(4) section of dehydrating: the film after high velocity sweep, because specific area is large, centrifugal drier is difficult to reach effective dehydrating effect.If dehydrating effect is bad, dryer section is caused to consume energy very much.Therefore this workshop section adopts based on dehydration, drying is auxiliary is principle, adopting squeezing dehydration apparatus to dewatering to greatest extent in film, then carrying out drying with drying machine to it.By dehydration and dry efficient combination, realize dehydration, dry optimum efficiency.

(5) granulation section: in order to ensure the quality of regenerated particle, adopts secondary prilling.Simultaneously in order to controlled investment cost, this workshop section should not adopt double screw extruder, but secondary all configures single screw extrusion machine.

Consider that the film separated in house refuse is with dissimilar materials such as a large amount of aluminium films, the waste plastics granulation pattern that functions of the equipments configuration does not follow conventional lines, but adopt following technologic improvement, guarantee granulation quantity and quality.

I, one-level extrude employing secondary exhaust---ensure mass particle;

II, the pelletizing of employing water ring---ensure output, easily operate;

III, adopt continuous draping---ensure output.

6, building material device is sintered

Building material brick manufacturing process more complicated, require raw material fully fragmentation, homogenizing, ageing, production technology requires higher to material performance, comparatively strict to Feedstock treating, also has higher requirements to equipment.Therefore, technological design emphasis is Feedstock treating, green brick forming and drying.

(1) material storage and process

The dregs that building waste after this production line adopts fragmentation and separation system are selected and clay etc. are raw material, between building materials manufacturing shop and sorting car and construction waste crushing workshop is adjacent, fully homogenizing is mixed in order to make raw material, production technology breaker adopts fine jaw-crusher, hammer mill, rod-toothed crusher, fine cracking double roller machine broken, just broken rear size controlling is within 20mm, after hammer crushing crusher machine, particle diameter should be less than 3mm, is less than 1.5mm by fine cracking double roller machine particle diameter.Enter mixer after compound fragmentation to stir, preferred biaxial rneader.

(2) ageing storehouse

Raw material containing certain moisture, enters ageing storehouse and carries out ageing in 72 hours after treatment, makes the abundant homogenizing of raw material can increase the plasticity of raw material on the one hand; On the other hand, adjustment and cushioning effect are played to the continuity of producing.Raw material multi-bucket excavator after ageing, ribbon conveyer are transported to assembly room.

(3) shaping

Assembly room is by box feeding machine feed, and material enters two-stage vacuum extruder for blocks extrusion molding again through mixing extruder, fine cracking double roller machine.The former of choice of main machine condition of high vacuum degree, high extrusion pressure.Base substrate is through manually piling up on drying cart.The good drying cart of code is sent into hothouse by ferry bus and hydraulic pusher.

(4) drying and roasting

This production line adopts semi-stiff extrusion process production technology, and this production technology mechanization, automaticity is high, advanced technology, rational technology, labor strength are low, good product quality, represents the advanced level of China's heavy clay industry.

The thermal source of hothouse is from residual heat of tunnel kiln.The drying medium (hot-air and heat smoke) of heat enters hothouse from top, and humid gas is discharged bottom hothouse.In order to ensure the quality of dry base substrate, hot gas is in the drying chamber undertaken stirring and sending into hot-air by rotary blower, can prevent the layering of hot-air like this, make Temperature Distribution in hothouse evenly.In addition, this hothouse is equipped with humidity and temperature monitoring system.

Dried adobe is pressed predetermined form code on kiln car by setting machine.The roasting of tunnel cave uses biogas, pyrolysis gas external combustion roasting or flyash and the fuel such as gangue, coal dust.This calcining kiln is big cross section type kiln, has ceiling structure, and output is large, and section has a narrow range of temperature, good heat insulating, is beneficial to production regulation and control.Product is sent into finished product stockyard by the finished product after roasting after artificial go-on-go.

7, building material device is suppressed

The fine aggregate that building waste sorts out through construction waste crushing screening system, enter in the batching stockyard of compacting building materials system, then test through aggregate verifying attachment, burden agitator, stir, vibrating-forming device is sent into again together with fabric, compressing, send into product curing means by product transporter and carry out maintenance, be then sent to finished product district, the packing of code base, finished product is put in storage.

8, construction waste crushing screening plant

After building waste is transported into stockyard by collecting cart, the other discharging in broken region, raw material carries out material loading operation via loading machine or excavator.Broken raw material is generally building batch mixing, concrete defective material, pitch defective material, natural stone etc.When raw materials size is excessive (usually not should more than 600mm), reply raw material jaw crusher carries out precrushing, then the feeding system sending into impact crusher is broken.Enter bolting after fragmentation, select application material respectively.

Construction waste crushing screening system is made up of jaw crusher, drawing-in device, impact breaker, ferromagnetic substance removing device and whole screening plant.

Drawing-in device material loading bucket capacity can reach 4m3, and material loading height is about 4.2m, and raw material is by entering impact breaker after feeding trough.Disintegrating machine case is hydraulic overturn formula, sidewall and rear wall there is maintaining door, every side be equipped with 2 compact and be easy to close case screw, the heavy type casting valve of import department's equipment hydraulic lifting, equipment chain type material curtain and multistage rubber mass curtain, system, by from the material on pre-screen lower floor compass screen surface, is transported to the vibration blowpit below disintegrating machine.The C template hammer of disintegrating machine is the nucleus equipment realizing system crushing function, and the raw material after fragmentation enters the follow-up whole screening plant of system, carries out the final classification of crushed product.

Ferromagnetic substance removing device can reclaim the metal ingredient in broken rear building waste; At places such as disintegrating machine, discharging belt feeder, side direction belt feeders, low pressure water injector being housed in addition, by making water fogging ejection, the effect of depositing dust can being played in shattering process.

Whole construction waste crushing screening plant adopts Diesel engine as power source, and power can reach 298kw, and complete unit can by visual control system unified operation, convenient and swift.

9, dedusting odor removal

Between house refuse discharge zone, sorting car, pyrolysis gasification system, anaerobic pretreatment workshop, each workshop such as building materials preparation system all can produce a certain amount of foul smell.The Main Ingredients and Appearance of foul smell is H 2s and NH 3, also have a small amount of organic gas in addition as methyl mercaptan, methylamine, methyl sulphur etc.These gaseous volatile are comparatively large, and easily diffusion in an atmosphere, and portion gas is poisonous or penetrating odor is large.For preventing these gaseous contamination air, the health of harm people, must adopt deodorization technology to carry out effect containment.In addition, workshop prepared by building materials also can produce a certain amount of airborne dust, and engineering must consider dust removal problem.This refuse disposal system, tunnel cave is provided with because pyrolytic gasification walling manufactures combined workshop itself, therefore the smelly source point foul smell such as comprehensive sorting workshop, storage hole, pyrolytic gasification workshop are sent to tunnel cave as combustion air after the unified collection of negative pressure, foul smell Thorough combustion in tunnel cave that negative pressure is collected, the odorant in air decomposes oxidation in combustion and removes.This dedusting odor removal adopts the deodorizing mode that negative pressure is collected, tunnel cave burns and spray in conjunction with natural plant liquid.Meanwhile, building materials are prepared workshop and are arranged bag-type dust removal system, carry out trapping control to the airborne dust that production process produces.When breaking down for preventing tunnel cave, deodorization process cannot realize, and this flow setting has chemical deodorizing Tower System, as emergent deodorizing facility.

The town and country solid waste cooperative disposal that the utility model provides and resource utilization system, through active composting, anaerobic fermentation, pyrolytic gasification, plastic granulating, the technology process such as sintering building materials and compacting building materials, the organic matter making water content low is the obtained fertilizer of activation at a high speed, the anaerobic fermentation of organisms that water content is high produces biogas, waste metal in solid waste is directly recycled, combustible provides imflammable gas for building materials manufacturing installation sintering building materials through pyrolytic gasification, after construction waste crushing screening, fine grained is compressing does municipal floor tile, aggregate is done after bulky grain screening cleaning, waste or used plastics cleaning after sorting is broken manufactures plastic pellet.Substantially realize the whole recycling of town and country discarded object, realize " zero landfill ", " zero burn ", " no pollution ", " zero-emission ", ensure the process of garbage harmless, minimizing and resource, decrease the pollution that urban environment brings because of rubbish.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of anaerobic ferment devices in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of pyrolysis gasifying device in Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of domestic waste sorting device in Fig. 1;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of plastic cleaning prilling granulator in Fig. 1;

Fig. 6 is the structural representation sintering building material device in Fig. 1;

Fig. 7 is the structural representation suppressing building material device in Fig. 1;

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of construction waste crushing screening plant in Fig. 1.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, illustrate the utility model further, following detailed description of the invention is only not used in restriction scope of the present utility model for illustration of the utility model.

Embodiment

A kind of town and country solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system, comprise meal agriculture and forestry organic waste material stockyard, kitchen 1, municipal sludge stockyard 2, house refuse stockyard 3, building waste stockyard 4, described town and country solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system also comprise Pre-sorting device 8, active fertilizer producing equipment 9, anaerobic ferment devices 7, pyrolysis gasifying device 10, domestic waste sorting device 6, plastic cleaning prilling granulator 11, sintering building material device 12, compacting building material device 13, construction waste crushing screening plant 5 and dedusting odor removal 14; Agriculture and forestry organic waste material stockyard, described meal kitchen 1 is connected with Pre-sorting device 8 through conveying device, and described Pre-sorting device 8 is connected with active fertilizer producing equipment 9 and anaerobic ferment devices 7 respectively by conveying device; ; Described municipal sludge stockyard 2 is connected 10 with anaerobic ferment devices 7, pyrolysis gasifying device successively through conveying device; Described house refuse stockyard 3 is connected with domestic waste sorting device 6 through conveying device, domestic waste sorting device 6 respectively with pyrolysis gasifying device 10, plastic cleaning prilling granulator 11, sinter building material device 12, suppress building material device 13 and be connected; Described building waste stockyard 4 through conveying device successively with construction waste crushing screening plant 5, suppress building material device 13 and be connected; Described Pre-sorting device 8, active fertilizer producing equipment 9, anaerobic ferment devices 7, pyrolysis gasifying device 10, domestic waste sorting device 6, plastic cleaning prilling granulator 11, sintering building material device 12, compacting building material device 13, construction waste crushing screening plant 5 are all connected with dedusting odor removal 14; Described dedusting odor removal comprises blower fan and acid-alkali washing tower, and described blower fan is connected by pipeline with acid-alkali washing tower.

Described anaerobic ferment devices 7 is connected in series successively is formed by allotment sand removing tank 701, separation pulping tank 702, homogeneous regulating reservoir 703, feed pump 704, anaerobic digestion reaction vessel 705, described anaerobic digestion reaction vessel 5 is connected with natural pond liquid storage tank 706 and biogas gas holder 707 respectively, and described biogas gas holder 707 is connected in series with purification device 708 and gas well 709 successively.

Described pyrolysis gasifying device 10 is connected in series successively is formed by material loading driving 101, hydraulic pressure charging gear 102, pyrolysis gasification furnace 103, dust arrester 104, electrical tar precipitator 106, cooling device 107, purifier 108, is provided with a deslagging device 105 below described pyrolysis gasification furnace 103.

Described domestic waste sorting device 6 is connected in series successively by slat feeder 601, Pre-sorting machine 602, bag-broken breaker 603, integrated sorter 604, specific gravity separator 605 and forms.

Described plastic cleaning prilling granulator 11 is connected in series successively is formed by magnetic separator 111, high speed single-shaft crusher 112, first order high speed cleaning machine 113, foreign substance removing apparatus 114, proportion seperator 115, second time cleaning machine 116, squeezing dehydration apparatus 117, drying machine 118 and secondary single screw extrusion machine 119.

Described sintering building material device 12 is connected in series successively by breaker 121, mixer 122, ageing storehouse 123, box feeding machine 124, mixing extruder 125, fine cracking double roller machine 126, two-stage vacuum extruder for blocks 127, hothouse 128, tunnel cave 129, finished product stockyard 1210 and forms.

Described compacting building material device 13 is connected in series is formed by aggregate verifying attachment 131, burden agitator 132, vibrating formation unit 133, product transporter 134, product curing means 135, finished product palletizing apparatus 136, finished product transporter 137.

Described construction waste crushing screening plant 5 is connected in series successively by drawing-in device 501, jaw crusher 502, impact breaker 503, ferromagnetic substance removing device 504 and screening plant 505 and forms.

Claims (7)

1. a town and country solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system, comprise meal agriculture and forestry organic waste material stockyard, kitchen, municipal sludge stockyard, house refuse stockyard, building waste stockyard, it is characterized in that, described town and country solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system also comprise Pre-sorting device, active fertilizer producing equipment, anaerobic ferment devices, pyrolysis gasifying device, domestic waste sorting device, plastic cleaning prilling granulator, sintering building material device, compacting building material device, construction waste crushing screening plant and dedusting odor removal;
Agriculture and forestry organic waste material stockyard, described meal kitchen is connected with Pre-sorting device through conveying device, and described Pre-sorting device is connected with active fertilizer producing equipment and anaerobic ferment devices respectively by conveying device;
Described municipal sludge stockyard is connected with anaerobic ferment devices, pyrolysis gasifying device successively through conveying device;
Described house refuse stockyard is connected with domestic waste sorting device through conveying device, domestic waste sorting device respectively with pyrolysis gasifying device, plastic cleaning prilling granulator, sinter building material device, suppress building material device and be connected;
Described building waste stockyard through conveying device successively with construction waste crushing screening plant, suppress building material device and be connected;
Described Pre-sorting device, active fertilizer producing equipment, anaerobic ferment devices, pyrolysis gasifying device, domestic waste sorting device, plastic cleaning prilling granulator, sintering building material device, compacting building material device, construction waste crushing screening plant are all connected with dedusting odor removal;
Described compacting building material device is connected in series is formed by aggregate verifying attachment, burden agitator, vibrating formation unit, product transporter, product curing means, finished product palletizing apparatus, finished product transporter;
Described dedusting odor removal comprises blower fan and acid-alkali washing tower, and described blower fan is connected by pipeline with acid-alkali washing tower.
2. town and country according to claim 1 solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system, it is characterized in that, described anaerobic ferment devices by allocating sand removing tank, be separated pulping tank, homogeneous regulating reservoir, feed pump, anaerobic digestion reaction vessel be connected in series successively and form, described anaerobic digestion reaction vessel is connected with natural pond liquid storage tank and biogas gas holder respectively, and described biogas gas holder is connected in series with purification device and gas well successively.
3. town and country according to claim 1 solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system, it is characterized in that, described pyrolysis gasifying device is connected in series successively is formed by material loading driving, hydraulic pressure charging gear, pyrolysis gasification furnace, dust arrester, electrical tar precipitator, cooling device, purifier, is provided with a deslagging device below described pyrolysis gasification furnace.
4. town and country according to claim 1 solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system, is characterized in that, described domestic waste sorting device is connected in series successively is formed by slat feeder, Pre-sorting machine, bag-broken breaker, integrated sorter, specific gravity separator.
5. town and country according to claim 1 solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system, it is characterized in that, described plastic cleaning prilling granulator is connected in series successively is formed by magnetic separator, high speed single-shaft crusher, first order high speed cleaning machine, foreign substance removing apparatus, proportion seperator, second time cleaning machine, squeezing dehydration apparatus, drying machine and secondary single screw extrusion machine.
6. town and country according to claim 1 solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system, it is characterized in that, described sintering building material device is connected in series successively is formed by breaker, mixer, ageing storehouse, box feeding machine, mixing extruder, fine cracking double roller machine, two-stage vacuum extruder for blocks, hothouse, tunnel cave, finished product stockyard.
7. town and country according to claim 1 solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system, it is characterized in that, described construction waste crushing screening plant is connected in series successively by drawing-in device, jaw crusher, impact breaker, ferromagnetic substance removing device and screening plant and forms.
CN201420416267.4U 2014-07-25 2014-07-25 A kind of town and country solid waste cooperative disposal and resource utilization system CN204107965U (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104843962A (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-08-19 东江环保股份有限公司 Method for preparing marsh gas and producing sintered bricks by using municipal sludge
CN104858220A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-08-26 山东省科学院新材料研究所 Garbage treating and recycling device
CN105598128A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-05-25 南通天蓝环保能源成套设备有限公司 Treatment system for combining emergency treatment of kitchen waste with incineration plant
CN105728444A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-07-06 长沙绿铱环保科技有限公司 Novel method for household garbage and sludge zero-discharging treatment based on triple sorting
CN106747695A (en) * 2015-12-17 2017-05-31 厚利农公司 For the system and method for poultry waste anaerobic digestion
CN106975652A (en) * 2017-04-17 2017-07-25 北京建工环境修复股份有限公司 A kind of feeding pulping repaired for Soil leaching and classification recovery system
CN107227255A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-10-03 张志军 Organic solid waste fermenting case
WO2018076488A1 (en) * 2016-10-31 2018-05-03 广州博善生物科技股份有限公司 On-site treatment method for kitchen wastes
CN109127683A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-01-04 中亿丰建设集团股份有限公司 A kind of aging process for treating garbage as resource

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104843962A (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-08-19 东江环保股份有限公司 Method for preparing marsh gas and producing sintered bricks by using municipal sludge
CN104858220A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-08-26 山东省科学院新材料研究所 Garbage treating and recycling device
CN106747695A (en) * 2015-12-17 2017-05-31 厚利农公司 For the system and method for poultry waste anaerobic digestion
CN105598128A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-05-25 南通天蓝环保能源成套设备有限公司 Treatment system for combining emergency treatment of kitchen waste with incineration plant
CN105598128B (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-08-25 江苏天楹环保能源成套设备有限公司 The processing system that kitchen garbage emergency processing is combined with incineration plant
CN105728444A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-07-06 长沙绿铱环保科技有限公司 Novel method for household garbage and sludge zero-discharging treatment based on triple sorting
WO2018076488A1 (en) * 2016-10-31 2018-05-03 广州博善生物科技股份有限公司 On-site treatment method for kitchen wastes
CN106975652A (en) * 2017-04-17 2017-07-25 北京建工环境修复股份有限公司 A kind of feeding pulping repaired for Soil leaching and classification recovery system
CN106975652B (en) * 2017-04-17 2020-01-10 北京建工环境修复股份有限公司 Be used for prosthetic material loading of soil drip washing to make thick liquid and hierarchical recovery system
CN107227255A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-10-03 张志军 Organic solid waste fermenting case
CN107227255B (en) * 2017-07-18 2018-07-24 安徽安成工业设备有限公司 Organic solid waste fermenting case
CN109127683A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-01-04 中亿丰建设集团股份有限公司 A kind of aging process for treating garbage as resource

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