CN107227255B - Organic solid waste fermenting case - Google Patents

Organic solid waste fermenting case Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107227255B
CN107227255B CN201710585264.1A CN201710585264A CN107227255B CN 107227255 B CN107227255 B CN 107227255B CN 201710585264 A CN201710585264 A CN 201710585264A CN 107227255 B CN107227255 B CN 107227255B
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China
Prior art keywords
carrier bar
bar component
solid waste
organic solid
layer
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CN201710585264.1A
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CN107227255A (en
Inventor
张志军
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ANHUI ANCHENG INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.
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ANHUI ANCHENG INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710585264.1A priority Critical patent/CN107227255B/en
Publication of CN107227255A publication Critical patent/CN107227255A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M21/00Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses
    • C12M21/16Solid state fermenters, e.g. for koji production
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M29/00Means for introduction, extraction or recirculation of materials, e.g. pumps
    • C12M29/20Degassing; Venting; Bubble traps
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M41/00Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation
    • C12M41/44Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation of volume or liquid level

Abstract

A kind of organic solid waste fermenting case is disclosed, including:Babinet;Chain scraper conveyor is set in the babinet, and for carrying and conveying fermentation materials, the chain scraper conveyor includes the carrier bar component of multiple formation closed loop connections;Blast orifice is set between the upper layer carrier bar component and lower layer's carrier bar component of the chain scraper conveyor, for divulging information to fermentation materials through the upper layer carrier bar component;Solidliquid mixture collection system is set between the upper layer carrier bar component and lower layer's carrier bar component, for collecting the solidliquid mixture flowed out from each carrier bar component both ends on carrier bar component in upper layer described in fermentation materials fermentation process and outer row.The organic solid waste fermenting case can improve the stability of fermentation process on the one hand while realizing to fermentation materials realization available ventilation.On the other hand, the solidliquid mixture generated in fermentation process can be arranged outside in time, improves the spatter property in babinet, it is therefore prevented that influence yeasting since solidliquid mixture accumulates in babinet.

Description

Organic solid waste fermenting case
Technical field
The present invention relates to organic solid waste treatment device technical fields, more particularly, to a kind of organic solid waste fermenting case.
Background technology
Organic solid waste is handled and organic carbon soil is made and is put into nature again, realizes that refuse reclamation is one new Emerging technology.And in the process, fermentation is a most key link.
Existing organic solid waste fermenting case, between the carrier bar of chain scraper conveyor or on carrier bar (such as carrier bar waits locating Manage on waste loading end and in other faces) there is gap, during material fermentation, by the gap from the bottom of carrier bar Portion is aerated the fermentation materials on carrier bar, to adjust the oxygen content and temperature of charge in fermentation materials.Due to material During the fermentation, can form solid-liquid admixture, such link plate structure, realize divulge information to material while, often The ventilation voids on carrier bar are blocked, and then influence, to the ventilation effect of fermentation materials, to cause fermentation process not carry out effectively, make It must ferment and be not thorough.Also, the solidliquid mixture generated in fermentation process outer in time can not be arranged, and the case of fermenting case is often lodged in In vivo, the yeasting in babinet is influenced.
Invention content
In view of this, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of organic solid waste fermenting cases, on the one hand realizing to fermentate While material realizes available ventilation, the stability of fermentation process can be improved;On the other hand, it can will generate in fermentation process Solidliquid mixture is outer in time to be arranged, and improves the spatter property in babinet, it is therefore prevented that influenced in babinet since solidliquid mixture accumulates Yeasting, certainly to solve problems of the prior art.
A kind of organic solid waste fermenting case is provided according to the present invention, including:
Babinet;
Chain scraper conveyor is set in the babinet, and for carrying and conveying fermentation materials, the chain scraper conveyor includes more A carrier bar component for forming closed loop connection;
Blast orifice is set between the upper layer carrier bar component and lower layer's carrier bar component of the chain scraper conveyor, described in passing through Upper layer carrier bar component is divulged information to fermentation materials;
Solidliquid mixture collection system is set between the upper layer carrier bar component and lower layer's carrier bar component, for collecting hair The solidliquid mixture flowed out from each carrier bar component both ends on the upper layer carrier bar component during ferment material fermentation and outer row;
Wherein, the carrier bar component includes:
Carrier bar, have ventilated cavity, the first outer wall and the second outer wall arranged substantially perpendicular to each other, each other with second outer wall Third outer wall that is parallel and being oppositely arranged, and fourth external wall that is parallel to each other with first outer wall and being oppositely arranged, it is described Perforation is offered on first outer wall to the indoor air inlet hole of the vented cavity, the gas from the blast orifice is from the air inlet hole Into in the ventilated cavity, second outer wall is equipped with the first air compartment of indent, and the fourth external wall is pending for placing The organic solid waste mixture of ferment;
Multiple vent plugs, each vent plug be set to first air compartment outer wall on, and with the vented cavity Room is connected to, connection or disconnection for controlling first air compartment and the ventilated cavity;
Sealing strip, the sealing strip protrusion is on the third outer wall of the carrier bar, from the first outer wall to fourth external wall Direction on extend to the other end between first air compartment and the first outer wall, and from one end of the carrier bar.
Preferably, the solidliquid mixture collection system includes the first collecting tank, the second collecting tank, collecting pipe and outer row Pipe,
On the direction perpendicular with the material transferring direction of the chain scraper conveyor, first collecting tank and second is received Collection slot be respectively arranged on the upper layer carrier bar component both ends end lower part, the collecting pipe respectively with first collecting tank It is connected to the bottom of the second collecting tank, the outer comb is connected to the collecting pipe.
Preferably, on the material conveying direction of chain scraper conveyor, each collecting tank is respectively from the upper layer chain One end of board group part extends to the other end.
Preferably, the side wall of first collecting tank and the second collecting tank is equipped with liquid level sensor, for acquiring correspondence The collecting tank in liquid level signal.
Preferably, the third outer wall is equipped with the second air compartment of indent, second air compartment and first air compartment Shape, positions and dimensions match, when adjacent two carrier bar components connection, the first air compartment of one of carrier bar with it is another Second air compartment of a carrier bar is relative to each other and is used cooperatively, and forms air guide structure, will enter the vented cavity from the air inlet hole At the gap that room and the wind for entering the air guide structure through the vent plug are oriented between two adjacent carrier bar components side by side Go out.
Preferably, first air compartment is the quadrangle slot structure of a side opening, on the bottom wall of the quadrangle slot structure Mounting hole is offered, for installing the vent plug,
The vent plug is installed on the mounting hole.
Preferably, the angle between first outer wall and the vertical line of the bottom wall of the quadrangle slot structure is 40 ° -20 °.
Preferably, the quadrangle slot structure further includes the opposite the first side wall and the second side for being set to the bottom wall both sides Wall, the relatively described second sidewall of the first side wall far from first outer wall,
Wherein, the junction of the first side wall and second outer wall is equipped with air dam, the second sidewall with it is described Angle between first outer wall is acute angle.
Preferably, second air compartment is the vee gutter structure of a side opening, and the vee gutter structure includes each other The third side wall and the 4th side wall of connection, relatively described 4th side wall of the third side wall far from first outer wall,
Wherein, the angle between the vertical line of the bottom wall of the quadrangle slot structure and the 4th side wall is obtuse angle.
Preferably, the third outer wall is equipped with mounting groove, and the sealing strip is arranged in the mounting groove.
Organic solid waste fermentation provided by the invention is used, and carrier bar component uses exquisite aeration structure design, initial outlet air Structure, i.e. the first air compartment are set on the opposite face between adjacent carrier bar, and are finally designed through rational air guide structure, and wind is blasted In fermentation materials, and by the way that solidliquid mixture collection system, the solid-liquid that upper layer carrier bar component will generate in fermentation process is arranged Mixture is arranged through its both ends downstream to the solidliquid mixture collection system is simultaneously finally outer so that the solid-liquid generated in fermentation process is mixed Lower layer's carrier bar will not be flowed directly by closing object.While realization divulges information to fermentation materials, realize to the effective of solidliquid mixture Outer row can prevent the solidliquid mixture in fermentation materials from blocking air outlet, even into chain intralamellar part, to ensure ventilation Fluency, and then the stability of fermentation process is improved, fermentation efficiency and fermented quality are greatly improved, is also improved in babinet Spatter property, it is therefore prevented that influence yeasting since solidliquid mixture accumulates in babinet.Meanwhile extending chain scraper conveyor maintenance With the period of replacement, improve work efficiency.
Description of the drawings
By referring to the drawings to the description of the embodiment of the present invention, above-mentioned and other purposes of the invention, feature and Advantage will be apparent from.
Fig. 1 shows the structural schematic diagram of organic solid waste fermenting case according to the ... of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 shows the split structure schematic diagrames of carrier bar component according to the ... of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 and 4 shows the dimensional structure diagram of carrier bar according to the ... of the embodiment of the present invention with different view.
Fig. 5 shows the sectional view of carrier bar according to the ... of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 shows the sectional view of adjacent two carrier bar components connection according to the ... of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 7 shows the dimensional structure diagram of sealing strip according to the ... of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 8 and Fig. 9 shows the dimensional structure diagram of vent plug according to the ... of the embodiment of the present invention with different view.
Figure 10 shows the structural schematic diagram of the chain scraper conveyor using the carrier bar component in the embodiment of the present invention.
In figure:Carrier bar component 100, carrier bar 1, vent plug 2, fixed part 21, barrel 22, collection portion 23, ventilation diaphragm 24, sealing strip 3, clamping portion 31, interconnecting piece 32, sealing 33, air inlet hole 12, the first air compartment 13, the first side wall 131, the second side Wall 132, mounting hole 133, the second air compartment 14, third side wall 141, the 4th side wall 142, air dam 15, mounting groove 16, gap 1000, chain scraper conveyor 200, holder 201, chain 4, blast orifice 5, babinet 6, fermentation materials 7, the first collecting tank 81, second are received Collect slot 82, collecting pipe 83, outer comb 84, outer row mouthful 85, valve 86, liquid level sensor 87.
Specific implementation mode
Hereinafter reference will be made to the drawings is more fully described various embodiments of the present invention.In various figures, identical element It is indicated using same or similar reference numeral.For the sake of clarity, the various pieces in attached drawing are not necessarily to scale.
As Figure 1-10 shows, the present invention provides a kind of organic solid waste fermenting case, including babinet 6, chain scraper conveyor 200, drum Air port 5 and solidliquid mixture collection system.Chain scraper conveyor 200 is set in the babinet 6, for carrying and conveying fermentate Material, the chain scraper conveyor 200 include the carrier bar component 100 of multiple formation closed loop connections.Blast orifice 5 is conveyed set on the carrier bar Between the upper layer carrier bar component and lower layer's carrier bar component of machine 200, for divulging information to fermentation materials through the upper layer carrier bar component.Gu Liquid mixture collection system is set between the upper layer carrier bar component and lower layer's carrier bar component, for collecting fermentation materials fermentation The solidliquid mixture flowed out in the process from each 100 both ends of carrier bar component on the upper layer carrier bar component and outer row.
The side wall of babinet 6 is equipped with insulating layer, for being kept the temperature to fermentation materials, reduces in babinet 6 and external environment Heat exchange.
The solidliquid mixture collection system includes the first collecting tank 81, the second collecting tank 82, collecting pipe 83 and outer comb 84.Solidliquid mixture collection system is securable on the holder 201 of chain scraper conveyor 200.In the object with the chain scraper conveyor Expect on the perpendicular direction of transmission direction, first collecting tank, 81 and second collecting tank 82 is respectively arranged on the upper layer chain board group The lower part of the end at the both ends of part, the collecting pipe 83 connect with the bottom of first collecting tank, 81 and second collecting tank 82 respectively Logical, the outer comb 84 is connected to the collecting pipe 83.It is externally provided with outer row mouthful 85 in babinet 6, outer row mouthful 85 connects with outer comb 84 Logical, the pipeline for arranging 85 front of mouth outside is equipped with valve 86, the outer row for controlling solidliquid mixture.In the embodiment, valve 86 are selected as electromagnetic valve.
On the material conveying direction of chain scraper conveyor 200, for perpendicular to the direction of paper, each collection in Fig. 1 Slot extends to the other end from one end of the upper layer carrier bar component respectively.The side of first collecting tank, 81 and second collecting tank 82 Wall is equipped with liquid level sensor 87, for acquiring the liquid level signal in the corresponding collecting tank.
With reference to figure 2-6, which includes carrier bar 1, multiple vent plugs 2 and sealing strip 3.Carrier bar 1 has ventilation Chamber and the first outer wall and the second outer wall arranged substantially perpendicular to each other, and the third that is oppositely arranged parallel to each other with the second outer wall Outer wall, and fourth external wall that is parallel to each other with the first outer wall and being oppositely arranged offer perforation on the first outer wall to vented cavity Indoor air inlet hole 12, the second outer wall are equipped with the first air compartment 13 of indent, and fourth external wall is used to place to be fermented organic solid Useless mixture.Vent plug 2 is set on the outer wall of the first air compartment 13, and is connected to ventilated cavity, for controlling the first air compartment 13 With the connection or disconnection of ventilated cavity.Sealing strip 3, the protrusion of sealing strip 3 is on the third outer wall of carrier bar 1, from outside first On wall to the direction of fourth external wall between the first air compartment 13 and the first outer wall, and the other end is extended to from one end of carrier bar 1. The setting of sealing strip 3 can also increase the soft degree for connecting and contacting between carrier bar component 100, prevent hard contact.
First air compartment 13 is the quadrangle slot structure of a side opening, and mounting hole is offered on the bottom wall of quadrangle slot structure 133, mounting hole 133 is arranged along the length direction array of carrier bar 1.For installing vent plug 2, vent plug 2 is installed on It fills on hole 133.Angle α between first outer wall and the vertical line of the bottom wall of quadrangle slot structure is 40 ° -20 °, is selected in the embodiment It is 30 degree.Quadrangle slot structure further includes the opposite the first side wall 131 and second sidewall 132 for being set to bottom wall both sides, the first side wall 131 second opposing lateral walls 132 are far from the first outer wall.Wherein, the junction of the first side wall 131 and the second outer wall is equipped with air dam 15, air dam 15 specifically may be designed as smooth arc surface either inclined surface such as rounding corner structure or chamfering structure.The implementation It is chamfering structure in example.Angle between second sidewall 132 and the first outer wall is acute angle, for example, 40 ° -20 °, in the embodiment It is selected as 30 °.The first side wall 131 and the first outer wall are parallel to each other.
Third outer wall is equipped with the second air compartment 14 of indent, shape, position and the ruler of the second air compartment 14 and the first air compartment 13 It is very little to match, when adjacent two carrier bar components 100 connection, the first air compartment 13 of one of carrier bar 1 and another carrier bar 1 The second air compartment 14 opposite to each other and be used cooperatively, i.e., both mutually fasten and form almost closed air guide structure, the wind-guiding knot Structure can accommodate the wind for the wind ventilated cavity for entering the air guide structure from air inlet hole 12 into ventilated cavity and through vent plug 2, and Wind is oriented at the gap 1000 between two adjacent carrier bar components 100 and is discharged.Second air compartment 14 is the three of a side opening Angular slot structure, vee gutter structure include the third side wall 141 and the 4th side wall 142 being connected to each other, and third side wall 141 is opposite Fourth external wall is far from the first outer wall.Wherein, the angle between the vertical line of the bottom wall of quadrangle slot structure and the 4th side wall 142 is blunt Angle, so as to which the wind for blowing out vent plug 2 is reflected towards at the gap 1000 between two adjacent carrier bars 1.
Further, the end of third side wall 141 is more than the end distance first of air dam 15 with a distance from the first outer wall The distance of outer wall, difference in height between the two is h.In this way, between air dam 15 and third side wall 141 formed from the first outer wall to The structure of the approximately conical shape gradually collapsed on the direction of fourth external wall is conducive to the gap being oriented to wind between two adjacent carrier bars 1 At 1000.
Third outer wall is equipped with mounting groove 16, is used for fixing seal item 3.Mounting groove 16 is set to air guide structure and the first outer wall Between, so that sealing strip 3 is between air guide structure and the first outer wall.Sealing strip 3 includes clamping portion 31,32 and of interconnecting piece Sealing 33, clamping portion 31 and sealing 33 are connected to the opposite end of interconnecting piece 32, and sealing strip 3 is fixed on chain through clamping portion 31 On plate 1, sealing 33 protrudes from third outer wall, for being contacted with the second outer wall of adjacent carrier bar component 100, by chain board group Part 100 seals on the extending direction of the first outer wall to fourth external wall and is divided into two parts.
Preferably, corresponding sealing strip can be set (in figure not at the both ends on the length direction of carrier bar component 100 Show), be connected two carrier bar components 100 are sealed to only side with the sealing strip 3 on third surface, i.e. each carrier bar 1 The side on the 4th surface, the structure with ventilation gaps 1000.In this way, the wind that self-ventilation valve plug 2 can be blown out, i.e. oxygen-containing air Preferably it is oriented in the organic solid waste fermentate in fourth external wall from above-mentioned ventilation gaps 1000.
Vent plug is tubular structure, can be made of elastic material, such as rubber.The vent plug include successively along Axial sequentially connected fixed part 21, barrel 22 and collection portion 23.Wherein, the diameter of fixed part 21 is more than the straight of barrel 22 Diameter, the diameter of the fixed part 21 are slightly larger than the diameter of mounting hole 133 so that fixed part 21 can be connected in mounting hole 133. The end of fixed part 21 is equipped with ventilation diaphragm 24, and closed structure is docked at lobed on diaphragm 24 of divulging information.It divulges information in the embodiment Diaphragm 24 divides for three valves, is distributed at hexagonal angle between three valves, and when not blasting wind in air inlet, three valves are divulged information between diaphragm 24 It abuts each other and seals ventilated cavity, when blasting wind in air inlet, under the action of the wind, the seam of three valve pieces is opened, into Row ventilation.
With reference to figure 10, the figure shows the structural representations of the chain scraper conveyor 200 including the embodiment intermediate plate component 100 Figure.In order to carry out necessary explanation, the section components of chain scraper conveyor 200 are illustrated only in the figure.Chain in the embodiment In use, multiple carrier bar components 100 are connected through chain 4, formation closed loop configuration surrounds and supports defeated in carrier bar board group part 100 It send on the holder (not showing in Figure 10) of machine 200, and opposite brackets are slided along closed loop configuration, chain scraper conveyor 200 is set to organic In solid waste fermenting case (not showing in Figure 10).Wherein, the first outer wall of each carrier bar 1 is towards the inside of closed loop configuration.Specifically, can One group of chain 4 is respectively set at the both ends of connected each carrier bar component 100, i.e., two groups of chains 4 are set altogether.
When the chain scraper conveyor 200 of the carrier bar component 100 with the application is in use, organic solid waste mixture to be fermented It is supported on the upper layer carrier bar 1 of chain scraper conveyor 200, the blast orifice between the levels carrier bar 1 set on chain scraper conveyor 200 When 5 air blast, i.e. oxygen-containing air, oxygen-containing air enters from air inlet in ventilated cavity, and the wind with pressure will lead in ventilated cavity Wind plug is opened, and oxygen-containing air enters in the air guide structure that the first air compartment 13 and the second air compartment 14 are formed, and is then arranged through air guide structure Enter in the gap 1000 between two adjacent carrier bars 1, and most enters in organic solid waste fermentation materials through the gap 1000.Sealing The setting of item 3 so that the solidliquid mixture generated in the organic solid waste fermentation materials fermentation process on upper layer carrier bar 1 is from adjacent Gap 1000 between two carrier bars 1 enters air guide structure, and sealing, a part of solid-liquid therein are trapped after flowing to sealing strip 3 Mixture is discharged by the both ends of 3 drag chain board group part 100 of sealing strip.In fermentation process, chain scraper conveyor 200 drives carrier bar 1 It is moved towards front, when upper layer carrier bar 1 is slid at the position of lower layer's carrier bar 1, above and below the first outer wall and fourth external wall of carrier bar 1 It is inverted, the solidliquid mixture that sealing strip 3 retains is poured out under the effect of gravity.The setting of sealing strip 3 so that carry solid-liquid mixing The upper layer carrier bar 1 of object can retain the solidliquid mixture generated in fermentation process, prevent solidliquid mixture from carrier bar 1 it Between gap 1000 flow into the ventilation hole on lower layer carrier bar 1 and enter inside carrier bar 1, so as to cause 1 ventilated cavity of carrier bar and The blocking and pollution of ventilation opening.
With reference to figure 1, the solidliquid mixture after the retention of sealed item 3 is flowed from the gap between two adjacent chain board group parts 100 To the both ends of carrier bar component 100, and 83 He of collecting pipe is then passed to downstream to the first collecting tank 81 and the second collecting tank 82 respectively Outer comb 84.When liquid level sensor 87 detects that the liquid level in corresponding collecting tank reaches preset value, valve is opened, solid-liquid mixing Object outside outer row mouthful 85 finally through draining into outside babinet 6.
Organic solid waste fermenting case in the application, carrier bar component 100 use exquisite aeration structure design, initial outlet air Structure, i.e. the first air compartment 13 are set on the opposite face between adjacent carrier bar 1, and are finally designed through rational air guide structure, by wind It blasts in fermentation materials, and by the way that solidliquid mixture collection system is arranged, upper layer carrier bar component 100 will generate in fermentation process Solidliquid mixture through its both ends downstream to the solidliquid mixture collection system and final outer row so that generated in fermentation process Solidliquid mixture will not flow directly into lower layer's carrier bar 1.While realization divulges information to fermentation materials, realize to solidliquid mixture Effective outer row, can prevent solidliquid mixture in fermentation materials from blocking air outlet, inside carrier bar 1, to protect The fluency of ventilation is demonstrate,proved, and then improves the stability of fermentation process, fermentation efficiency and fermented quality is greatly improved, also improves Spatter property in babinet, it is therefore prevented that influence yeasting since solidliquid mixture accumulates in babinet.Meanwhile it is defeated to extend carrier bar It in the period for sending machine overhauling and replacement, improves work efficiency.
It should be noted that herein, relational terms such as first and second and the like are used merely to a reality Body or operation are distinguished with another entity or operation, are deposited without necessarily requiring or implying between these entities or operation In any actual relationship or order or sequence.Moreover, the terms "include", "comprise" or its any other variant are intended to Non-exclusive inclusion, so that the process, method, article or equipment including a series of elements is not only wanted including those Element, but also include other elements that are not explicitly listed, or further include for this process, method, article or equipment Intrinsic element.In the absence of more restrictions, the element limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that There is also other identical elements in process, method, article or equipment including the element.
Finally it should be noted that:Obviously, the above embodiment is merely an example for clearly illustrating the present invention, and simultaneously The non-restriction to embodiment.For those of ordinary skill in the art, it can also do on the basis of the above description Go out other various forms of variations or variation.There is no necessity and possibility to exhaust all the enbodiments.And thus drawn The obvious changes or variations that Shen goes out are still in the protection scope of this invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of organic solid waste fermenting case, which is characterized in that including:
Babinet;
Chain scraper conveyor is set in the babinet, and for carrying and conveying fermentation materials, the chain scraper conveyor includes multiple shapes The carrier bar component connected at closed loop;
Blast orifice is set between the upper layer carrier bar component and lower layer's carrier bar component of the chain scraper conveyor, for through the upper layer Carrier bar component is divulged information to fermentation materials;
Solidliquid mixture collection system is set between the upper layer carrier bar component and lower layer's carrier bar component, for collecting fermentate Expect the solidliquid mixture flowed out from each carrier bar component both ends on upper layer carrier bar component described in fermentation process and outer row;
Wherein, the carrier bar component includes:
Carrier bar has ventilated cavity, and the first outer wall and the second outer wall arranged substantially perpendicular to each other are parallel to each other with second outer wall And the third outer wall being oppositely arranged, and fourth external wall that is parallel to each other with first outer wall and being oppositely arranged, described first Perforation is offered on outer wall to the indoor air inlet hole of the vented cavity, the gas from the blast orifice enters from the air inlet hole In the ventilated cavity, second outer wall is equipped with the first air compartment of indent, and the fourth external wall is to be fermented for placing Organic solid waste mixture;
Multiple vent plugs, each vent plug are set on the outer wall of first air compartment, and are connected with the ventilated cavity It is logical, connection or disconnection for controlling first air compartment and the ventilated cavity;
Sealing strip, the sealing strip protrusion is on the third outer wall of the carrier bar, in the side from the first outer wall to fourth external wall Upwards between first air compartment and the first outer wall, and the other end is extended to from one end of the carrier bar;
The third outer wall is equipped with the second air compartment of indent, the shape of second air compartment and first air compartment, position and Size matches, when adjacent two carrier bar components connection, the of the first air compartment of one of carrier bar and another carrier bar Two air compartments are relative to each other and are used cooperatively, and form air guide structure, will enter from the air inlet hole described in the ventilated cavity and warp The wind that vent plug enters the air guide structure is oriented at the gap between two adjacent carrier bar components and is discharged.
2. organic solid waste fermenting case according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the solidliquid mixture collection system includes First collecting tank, the second collecting tank, collecting pipe and outer comb,
On the direction perpendicular with the material transferring direction of the chain scraper conveyor, first collecting tank and the second collecting tank Be respectively arranged on the lower part of the end at the both ends of each upper layer carrier bar component, the collecting pipe respectively with first collecting tank It is connected to the bottom of the second collecting tank, the outer comb is connected to the collecting pipe.
3. organic solid waste fermenting case according to claim 2, which is characterized in that in the material conveying direction of chain scraper conveyor On, each collecting tank extends to the other end from one end of the upper layer carrier bar component respectively.
4. organic solid waste fermenting case according to claim 2, which is characterized in that first collecting tank and the second collecting tank Side wall on be equipped with liquid level sensor, for acquiring the liquid level signal in the corresponding collecting tank.
5. organic solid waste fermenting case according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first air compartment is the four of a side opening Side shape slot structure offers mounting hole on the bottom wall of the quadrangle slot structure, for installing the vent plug,
The vent plug is installed on the mounting hole.
6. organic solid waste fermenting case according to claim 5, which is characterized in that first outer wall and the quadrangle slot Angle between the vertical line of the bottom wall of structure is 40 ° -20 °.
7. organic solid waste fermenting case according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the quadrangle slot structure further includes opposite The first side wall and second sidewall set on the bottom wall both sides, the relatively described second sidewall of the first side wall is far from described first Outer wall,
Wherein, the junction of the first side wall and second outer wall is equipped with air dam, the second sidewall and described first Angle between outer wall is acute angle.
8. organic solid waste fermenting case according to claim 5, which is characterized in that second air compartment is the three of a side opening Angular slot structure, the vee gutter structure include the third side wall and the 4th side wall being connected to each other, and the third side wall is opposite 4th side wall far from first outer wall,
Wherein, the angle between the vertical line of the bottom wall of the quadrangle slot structure and the 4th side wall is obtuse angle.
9. organic solid waste fermenting case according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the third outer wall is equipped with mounting groove, The sealing strip is arranged in the mounting groove.
CN201710585264.1A 2017-07-18 2017-07-18 Organic solid waste fermenting case Active CN107227255B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN107227255B true CN107227255B (en) 2018-07-24

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