CN202591121U - Rotary drum type pneumatic separating machine - Google Patents

Rotary drum type pneumatic separating machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202591121U
CN202591121U CN 201220277312 CN201220277312U CN202591121U CN 202591121 U CN202591121 U CN 202591121U CN 201220277312 CN201220277312 CN 201220277312 CN 201220277312 U CN201220277312 U CN 201220277312U CN 202591121 U CN202591121 U CN 202591121U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
rotary drum
frame
guide baffle
feed hopper
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN 201220277312
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘力
陈连琦
刘玉兰
刘永定
孙乐
满义庆
肖胜利
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TIANJIN SYNDICATE ENERGY ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING CO LTD
Original Assignee
TIANJIN SYNDICATE ENERGY ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING CO LTD
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TIANJIN SYNDICATE ENERGY ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING CO LTD filed Critical TIANJIN SYNDICATE ENERGY ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING CO LTD
Priority to CN 201220277312 priority Critical patent/CN202591121U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202591121U publication Critical patent/CN202591121U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model provides a rotary drum type pneumatic separating machine, belonging to garbage disposal equipment, wherein a dip angle exists between a frame and the ground; a rotary drum is placed on the frame; a feed inlet is arranged above a feed hopper on the lower end of the rotary drum; a heavy material feed outlet is arranged below the feed hopper; a spreader is installed at the feed inlet above the feed hopper; the front end of the spreader stretches into the rotary drum; a fan is installed on the front end of the feed hopper; the higher end of the rotary drum is provided with a light material feed outlet of which the opening is downward; a heavy material guide baffle plate and a light material guide baffle plate are spirally arranged in order from the lower end to the higher end in the rotary drum; and the spiral directions of two material guide baffle plates are opposite. The rotary drum type pneumatic separating machine provided by the utility model has the advantages that the dip angle of the frame causes heavy materials of the rotary drum to be conveniently discharged; the form of the rotary drum facilitates the sufficient dehydration and separation of the materials; the material guide baffle plates can enable light materials falling secondarily after rising to be spirally taken out of the rotary drum; and in addition, the structure is simple, the separation efficiency is high, and no pollution is generated.

Description

The drum-type winnowing machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of refuse treatment plant, particularly a kind of drum-type winnowing machine.
Background technology
At present, garbage disposal mainly is landfill and burning, and the landfill floor space is big, holding time length, polluted underground water, contaminated soil, atmosphere pollution.Burn same contaminated air.Therefore, people carry out sorting to rubbish, are recycled afterwards.But refuse classification always is the bottleneck of technology of garbage disposal; No matter be burning, burying treatment process; Still comprehensive processing technique, the case of much failing all is because refuse classification is not thorough, causes down operation can't handle and whole production line all can not normally be moved.The garbage sorting machine that generally uses in the existing field has swinging airflow separator, vibratory flow separator, vertical airflow separator, sawtooth pattern airflow separator, FX winnowing machine etc.These separators basically all are material lengthwise movements on very long bed surface, because material is a up-down vibration, not through turning over throwing fully; The material that some is intertwined; Can not so the sorting of material is very not thorough, be brought certain trouble by sufficient sorting to recycling; In addition, also there is complex structure in existing equipment, and floor space is big, and material handling is more single, pollutes greatly the defective of poor sealing.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to overcome above-mentioned defective, and a kind of drum-type winnowing machine is provided, and it is mainly used in sorting flexible plastic in the domestic rubbish disposal, light material and heavy material; Rubbish is realized even feeding; Material fully turns over throwing in cylinder, in this process, blower fan moves simultaneously; First separations such as heavy material such as the flexible plastic in the rubbish, light material and brick and tile stone; Its excellent function is taken a firm foundation for garbage bag breaking, fragmentation, the sorting of back operation, and the efficiency of separation is high, and can polybag and light material, heavy material be separated fully; Solved also simultaneously that the garbage loading embeading floor space is big, the problem of holding time length, polluted underground water, contaminated soil, atmosphere pollution, realize that house refuse is rapid, innoxious, nothing residueization, resource circulation utilizationization, industrialization.
The purpose of the utility model realizes through following technical scheme: a kind of drum-type winnowing machine, and it is characterized in that: it comprises frame, there is an inclination angle on frame and ground; Place cylinder on the frame, the axis of symmetry of cylinder is installed turning cylinder, and motor, the reductor installed on turning cylinder and the frame are connected; The low side of cylinder is installed into hopper and material distributing machine, and the top of feed hopper is provided with charging aperture, and the below of feed hopper is provided with the heavy material discharging opening; Material distributing machine is installed at charging aperture place, feed hopper top; The front end of material distributing machine extend in the cylinder, and blower fan is installed in the front end of feed hopper, and cylinder high-end is provided with the light material discharging opening that Open Side Down; To high-end spiral successively weight guide baffle plate and light thing guide baffle plate are set from low side in the cylinder, weight guide baffle plate is opposite with the hand of spiral of light thing guide baffle plate.
Said cylinder is round cylinder, multiangular cylinder.
Said cylinder most preferably is the octagon cylinder.
There is 5-8 degree inclination angle on said frame and ground.
Most preferably there are 5 degree inclination angles on said frame and ground.
Said fan outlet is positioned at centre of the drum's axial location.
The advantage and the beneficial effect of the utility model are:
1, frame and ground have an inclination angle to place, and are convenient to heavier feeds and discharge;
2, adopt roll form, particularly octagon cylinder, material is blowed in the cylinder by blower fan, and along with the rotation of cylinder, material overturns in cylinder, rolls, and has increased material collision, the number of times that stirs and roll in the cylinder, and material is broken up, and increases separating effect;
3, under wind, light material is blown in the cylinder, but along with the prolongation of migration distance; Wind-force can be not enough gradually, causes the secondary of light material to fall mixing after rise, at this moment; Cylinder inside spin shape is provided with the guide baffle plate; Cylinder rotates, and takes cylinder out of through the light material that helical form guide baffle plate will fall after rise, thereby realizes the sorting of light material;
4, be provided with heavy material guide baffle plate in the cylinder, take the heavy material that falls in the cylinder out of cylinder through the guide baffle plate, discharge from the heavy material discharging opening;
5, adopt hydrometer method, volumetric method and wind-force partition method comprehensive dressing, simple in structure, floor space is little, and function is many, and efficient is high, does not pollute, and keeps in repair easy to use;
6, mechanization degree is high, has realized automation, mechanized.
But 7 application house refuses, industrial refuse, building waste, the processing of old rubbish.
8, applied widely, fault rate is low, long service life, and cost performance is high.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation.
Fig. 2 is the utility model side view.
Fig. 3 is the utility model weight guide baffle plate and light thing guide baffle plate branch sketch map.
Wherein: 1-frame, 2-inclination angle, 3-cylinder, 4-turning cylinder, 5-motor reducer, 6-feed hopper, 7-material distributing machine, 8-charging aperture, 9-heavy material discharging opening, the light thing guide of 10-baffle plate, 11-blower fan, 12-weight guide baffle plate, the light material discharging opening of 13-.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment: like Fig. 1, shown in 2, a kind of drum-type winnowing machine, it comprises frame 1; There is the inclination angle 2 of one 5 degree on frame 1 and ground, place octagon cylinder 3 on the frame 1, and the axis of symmetry of cylinder 3 is installed turning cylinder 4; Motor, the reductor 5 installed on turning cylinder 4 and the frame 1 are connected, and the low side of cylinder is installed into hopper 6 and material distributing machine 7, and the top of feed hopper 6 is provided with charging aperture 8; The below of feed hopper 6 is provided with weight discharging opening 9, and material distributing machine 7 is installed at feed hopper 6 top charging apertures 8 places, and the front end of material distributing machine 7 extend in the cylinder 3; Blower fan 11 is installed in the front end of feed hopper 6; Fan outlet is positioned at centre of the drum's axial location, and 3 of cylinder high-endly is provided with the light material discharging opening 13 that Open Side Down, to high-end spiral weight guide baffle plate 12 is set from low side in the cylinder 3; Light thing guide baffle plate 10 is set behind weight guide baffle plate, and weight guide baffle plate is opposite with the light thing guide baffle plate hand of spiral.
Said cylinder can also be round cylinder, multiangular cylinder.
There is the inclination angle of 5-8 degree on said frame and ground, preferred 5 degree.
The course of work: cylinder is smooth rotation under the drive of turning cylinder, and material is transported in the cylinder from feed hopper through material distributing machine, when material rotates at cylinder; When self gravitation during greater than centrifugal force, heavy material falls a tube end after rise along dog-leg path, in this case; Material will produce ultimate range and fall, and this moment, the material degree of rolling was the most violent, and blower fan is dried to material simultaneously; This moment, material was told heavy material and light material, and heavy material is told to the heavy material discharging opening through spiral weight guide baffle plate, and the air-flow that remaining light material and light material are risen is brought in the cylinder; Under the effect of the rotation of cylinder and wind-force, adopt the multiangular cylinder design, because the barrel angle is along with change; Force material in cylinder, to be in complicated impact conditions all the time, collision, upset and rolling that the material in the cylinder does not stop, further dehydration, separation; Along the material discharging opening discharge on the lenient side of cylinder rising elevation direction, light material is along with the prolongation of migration distance under the effect of wind-force for light plastic, and wind-force reduces gradually; Since self weight secondary drops or under slide on the cylinder wall, at this moment, it is high-end to be transported to cylinder by the light thing guide baffle plate of spiral setting along the hand of spiral; Light material discharging opening by high-end is discharged collection, realizes separation, the classification of material.

Claims (6)

1. drum-type winnowing machine, it is characterized in that: it comprises frame, there is an inclination angle on frame and ground; Place cylinder on the frame, the axis of symmetry of cylinder is installed turning cylinder, and motor, the reductor installed on turning cylinder and the frame are connected; The low side of cylinder is installed into hopper and material distributing machine, and the top of feed hopper is provided with charging aperture, and the below of feed hopper is provided with the heavy material discharging opening; Material distributing machine is installed at charging aperture place, feed hopper top; The front end of material distributing machine extend in the cylinder, and blower fan is installed in the front end of feed hopper, and cylinder high-end is provided with the light material discharging opening that Open Side Down; To high-end spiral successively weight guide baffle plate and light thing guide baffle plate are set from low side in the cylinder, weight guide baffle plate is opposite with the hand of spiral of light thing guide baffle plate.
2. a kind of drum-type winnowing machine as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: said cylinder is round cylinder, multiangular cylinder.
3. a kind of drum-type winnowing machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: said cylinder most preferably is the octagon cylinder.
4. a kind of drum-type winnowing machine as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: there is 5-8 degree inclination angle on said frame and ground.
5. a kind of drum-type winnowing machine as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: most preferably there are 5 degree inclination angles on said frame and ground.
6. a kind of drum-type winnowing machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: said fan outlet is positioned at centre of the drum's axial location.
CN 201220277312 2012-06-13 2012-06-13 Rotary drum type pneumatic separating machine Expired - Lifetime CN202591121U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220277312 CN202591121U (en) 2012-06-13 2012-06-13 Rotary drum type pneumatic separating machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220277312 CN202591121U (en) 2012-06-13 2012-06-13 Rotary drum type pneumatic separating machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202591121U true CN202591121U (en) 2012-12-12

Family

ID=47308704

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220277312 Expired - Lifetime CN202591121U (en) 2012-06-13 2012-06-13 Rotary drum type pneumatic separating machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202591121U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102671858A (en) * 2012-06-13 2012-09-19 天津辛迪加能源环境工程有限公司 Roller type separator
CN106040585A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-10-26 河南太行全利重工股份有限公司 Winnowing separating device with drum
CN106180154A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-07 陕西建工第五建设集团有限公司 The automatic classifying and reclaiming system of container type construction site construction waste and recovery method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102671858A (en) * 2012-06-13 2012-09-19 天津辛迪加能源环境工程有限公司 Roller type separator
CN106040585A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-10-26 河南太行全利重工股份有限公司 Winnowing separating device with drum
CN106180154A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-07 陕西建工第五建设集团有限公司 The automatic classifying and reclaiming system of container type construction site construction waste and recovery method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CX01 Expiry of patent term
CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20121212