CN202725606U - Combined separating device for household garbage - Google Patents

Combined separating device for household garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202725606U
CN202725606U CN 201220361186 CN201220361186U CN202725606U CN 202725606 U CN202725606 U CN 202725606U CN 201220361186 CN201220361186 CN 201220361186 CN 201220361186 U CN201220361186 U CN 201220361186U CN 202725606 U CN202725606 U CN 202725606U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotary screen
discharge bucket
links
discharge hopper
hopper
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220361186
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郝东生
王玉利
闫洪滨
付强
申吉林
王辰男
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HENAN AOSIDI ENVIRONMENTAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Original Assignee
HENAN AOSIDI ENVIRONMENTAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HENAN AOSIDI ENVIRONMENTAL MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical HENAN AOSIDI ENVIRONMENTAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN 201220361186 priority Critical patent/CN202725606U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202725606U publication Critical patent/CN202725606U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a combined separating device for household garbage, which comprises a frame, a box body, a bag breaker, a feed hopper, a blast pipe and a fan. The bag breaker is internally provided with a slip hopper and is connected with a water distributor. The lower end of the slip hopper is connected with a combined rotary screen. A rotary screen is arranged behind the combined rotary screen. A dust discharge hopper, an organic matter discharge hopper and a combustible material and tile mixture discharge hopper are sequentially connected onto the combined rotary screen. The rotary screen is connected with a sandy soil discharge hopper. A slope conveyor is arranged below the combined rotary screen and the rotary screen. a tile discharge hopper and a combustible discharge hopper are respectively arranged at both ends of the slope conveyor. An iron remover is arranged above the tile discharge hopper. A plastic discharge hopper is arranged at the rear end of the rotary screen. The upper part of the plastic discharge hopper is connected with a cyclone dust collector. Compared with the prior art, the combined separating device has the advantages that garbage is classified more finely to the benefit of further treatment and comprehensive utilization of garbage; and the work efficiency and the garbage treatment environment are improved.

Description

House refuse combined sorting device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of a kind of device of refuse classification, be specifically related to the total score screening recovery device that a kind of recycling municipal solid waste reclaims.
Background technology
House refuse is classified, and is the important component part of Urban Domestic Waste Comprehensive Treatment, only having classification to reclaim after, just can accomplish recycling.The house refuse of China is composting, complicated component, in house refuse, comprise organic matter (more than the kitchen), also sneak into a small amount of building waste (such as brick and tile stone, glass, pottery, dregs), waste or used plastics, metal etc., and resident's house refuse is also with putting into garbage collection points behind the plastic bag packaging, so further sorting recovery and comprehensive resource are processed after the broken bag.At present, the method that the sorting of domestic most employing mechanical picker and artificial separation combine, the efficiency of separation is low and classification is not comprehensive, affects the further integrated treatment of rubbish, and valuable cargo does not wherein obtain sufficient recycling.
The utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is that existing municipal refuse sorting thoroughly, does not take full advantage of resource, provide a kind of to refuse classification relatively thoroughly, can take full advantage of the house refuse combined sorting device of resource.
The technical solution of the utility model realizes in the following manner: one way of life rubbish combined sorting device, comprise frame, casing and bag-breaking machine, bag-breaking machine is provided with elevating hopper, bag-breaking machine links to each other with blast pipe, blast pipe links to each other with air blast, be provided with the slide hopper in the bag-breaking machine, bag-breaking machine links to each other with water-locator, slide hopper lower end links to each other with the combination roll sieve, combination roll sieve rear is provided with rotary screen, be connected with successively the dirt discharge bucket on the combination roll sieve, the organic matter discharge bucket, combustible and brick and tile mixture discharge bucket, be connected with the sandy soil discharge bucket on the rotary screen, combination roll sieve and rotary screen below are provided with slope conveyor, and the slope conveyor two ends are respectively equipped with the brick and tile discharge bucket and combustible discharge bucket brick and tile discharge bucket top is provided with tramp iron separator, the rotary screen rear end is provided with the plastics discharge bucket, and plastics discharge bucket top links to each other with cyclone dust collectors.
Combination roll sieve top is provided with sweeper.
The combination roll screening is two sections of front and back, and the mesh of leading portion screen drum is less than the mesh of rear end screen drum.
Described cyclone dust collectors link to each other with air exhauster, and air exhauster links to each other with airduct, and airduct links to each other with elevating hopper.
Be provided with water-locator, combination roll sieve, rotary screen, tramp iron separator etc. in the utility model, rubbish is divided into combustible, dirt, organic matter, brick and tile, magnetic material, sandy soil and plastics etc., compared with prior art, with the more refinement of refuse classification, be conducive to next step processing and the comprehensive utilization of rubbish.And improved operating efficiency, improved the environment of garbage disposal.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is that schematic diagram is looked on the left side of Fig. 1.
The specific embodiment
As shown in drawings, one way of life rubbish combined sorting device, comprise frame 22, casing 21 and bag-breaking machine 2, bag-breaking machine 2 is provided with elevating hopper 1, bag-breaking machine 2 links to each other with blast pipe 18, blast pipe 18 links to each other with air blast 5, be provided with slide hopper 17 in the bag-breaking machine 2, bag-breaking machine 17 links to each other with water-locator 15, slide hopper 17 lower ends link to each other with combination roll sieve 3, combination roll sieves 3 rears and is provided with rotary screen 4, be connected with successively dirt discharge bucket 6 on the combination roll sieve 3, organic matter discharge bucket 7, combustible and brick and tile mixture discharge bucket 8, be connected with sandy soil discharge bucket 9 on the rotary screen 4, combination roll sieve 3 and rotary screen 4 belows are provided with slope conveyor 13, and slope conveyor 13 two ends are respectively equipped with combustible and brick and tile mixture discharge bucket 8 and combustible discharge bucket 19, and combustible and brick and tile mixture discharge bucket 8 belows are provided with tramp iron separator 20, rotary screen 4 rear ends are provided with plastics discharge bucket 10, and plastics discharge bucket 10 tops link to each other with cyclone dust collectors 14.Combustible and brick and tile mixture discharge bucket also are the material bins of belt feeder 13.
Arrange after the water-locator 15, weight increases after the paper suction that comprises from the material that elevating hopper 1 gets off, paper has been sneaked in the combustible, and the mass change of disposable plastic bag is little, under powerful airflow function, disposable plastic bag is blown in the rotary screen 4, is discharged by plastics discharge bucket 10.Combination roll sieve 3 is divided into two sections of front and back, and the mesh of leading portion screen drum is less than the mesh of rear end screen drum.Combination roll sieves the small square hole that 3 leading portions are 10 * 10mm, back segment is the large square hole of 80 * 80mm, the dirt of sneaking in the material leaks down from small square hole, discharge finally by crossing dirt discharge bucket 6, and organic matter leaks down from large square hole, discharge finally by crossing organic matter discharge bucket 7, combustible and the brick and tile stone of sneaking into are fallen on the slope conveyor 13, by angle and the speed of adjusting slope conveyor 13 building waste and combustible are separated, building wastes etc. are discharged by brick and tile discharge bucket 8 than heavy material, the light matter material such as combustible are discharged by combustible discharge bucket 19, the lower end of slope conveyor 13 is provided with tramp iron separator 20, the material of discharging from the brick and tile discharging opening is removed wherein iron class material through tramp iron separator 20, to realize taking full advantage of of resource.
Combination roll sieves 3 tops and is provided with sweeper 16, and sweeper 16 can be cleared up attachment and earth on the combination roll sieve at any time along with the rotation of combination roll sieve.Gap between sweeper 16 and the combination roll sieve 3 is adjustable, regulates the gap by screw rod and handwheel 24, helps to improve screening efficiency.
Described cyclone dust collectors 14 link to each other with air exhauster 11, and air exhauster 11 links to each other with airduct 12, and airduct 12 links to each other with elevating hopper 1.Under this structure; air-flow in the casing 21 is through cyclone dust collectors 14, air exhauster 11, airduct 12; blow to charging aperture 1 place; through bag-breaking machine 2; blow to slide hopper 17; form circulated air; circulated air is conducive to material and flows downward; air-flow last and blast pipe 18 converges at slide hopper 17 places; circulated air is recycled again, by adjusting air door and the variable-frequency speed-regulating controller of blower fan 5, air exhauster 11, keeps being in negative pressure state in the sorting casing; control the excessive of smell and dust, protected production environment.
Bag-breaking machine 2 is the uniform structure with linked rings of biconjugate roller, in rotary course, loop chain on the roller can be broken the bagged garbage bag, make that material scatters in the bag, loop chain also can be smashed the organic matters such as the branch in the rubbish, bulk pericarp, loop chain is run into the hard materials such as brick and tile stone glass-ceramic in the rubbish, and loop chain is rebounded and is not stuck.
During the work of this sorting unit, at first open each system equipment, adjust the air quantity of blower fan 5 and air exhauster 11, be negative pressure in the control casing 21, according to the moisture of pan feeding material, the injection flow rate of control water-locator 15, according to the output that enters material, adjust the rotating speed of revolving cylinder sieve 3.According to what of disposable plastic bag in the rotary screen 4, adjust the rotating speed of rotary screen 4.The sieve plate of combination roll sieve 3 and rotary screen 4 is modularization, is fixed by nut, can change according to component of refuse the sieve plate of different pore size, and maintenance is convenient.Programmable controller PLC is adopted in electrical control of the present utility model, and automaticity is high.

Claims (4)

1. one way of life rubbish combined sorting device, comprise frame (22), casing (21) and bag-breaking machine (2), bag-breaking machine (2) is provided with elevating hopper (1), bag-breaking machine (2) links to each other with blast pipe (18), blast pipe (18) links to each other with air blast (5), it is characterized in that: be provided with slide hopper (17) in the bag-breaking machine (2), bag-breaking machine (2) links to each other with water-locator (15), slide hopper (17) lower end links to each other with combination roll sieve (3), combination roll sieve (3) rear is provided with rotary screen (4), be connected with successively dirt discharge bucket (6) on the combination roll sieve (3), organic matter discharge bucket (7), combustible and brick and tile mixture discharge bucket (8), be connected with sandy soil discharge bucket (9) on the rotary screen (4), combination roll sieve (3) and rotary screen (4) below are provided with slope conveyor (13), slope conveyor (13) two ends are respectively equipped with brick and tile discharge bucket (23) and combustible discharge bucket (19), brick and tile discharge bucket (23) top is provided with tramp iron separator (20), rotary screen (4) rear end is provided with plastics discharge bucket (10), and plastics discharge bucket (10) top links to each other with cyclone dust collectors (14).
2. house refuse combined sorting device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with sweeper (16) above the combination roll sieve (3).
3. house refuse combined sorting device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: before and after combination roll sieve (3) is divided into two sections, the mesh of leading portion screen drum is less than the mesh of rear end screen drum.
4. house refuse combined sorting device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cyclone dust collectors (14) link to each other with air exhauster (11), and air exhauster (11) links to each other with airduct (12), and airduct (12) links to each other with elevating hopper (1).
CN 201220361186 2012-07-25 2012-07-25 Combined separating device for household garbage Expired - Fee Related CN202725606U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220361186 CN202725606U (en) 2012-07-25 2012-07-25 Combined separating device for household garbage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220361186 CN202725606U (en) 2012-07-25 2012-07-25 Combined separating device for household garbage

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202725606U true CN202725606U (en) 2013-02-13

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CN 201220361186 Expired - Fee Related CN202725606U (en) 2012-07-25 2012-07-25 Combined separating device for household garbage

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102950140A (en) * 2012-07-25 2013-03-06 河南省澳斯迪环保机械有限责任公司 Household garbage combination sorting device
CN110076077A (en) * 2019-04-18 2019-08-02 广州励美环保科技有限公司 A kind of house refuse drum screen

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102950140A (en) * 2012-07-25 2013-03-06 河南省澳斯迪环保机械有限责任公司 Household garbage combination sorting device
CN110076077A (en) * 2019-04-18 2019-08-02 广州励美环保科技有限公司 A kind of house refuse drum screen

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130213

Termination date: 20150725

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model