CN102836825A - Multi-stage quick energy-saving garbage sorting system - Google Patents

Multi-stage quick energy-saving garbage sorting system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102836825A
CN102836825A CN2011101679711A CN201110167971A CN102836825A CN 102836825 A CN102836825 A CN 102836825A CN 2011101679711 A CN2011101679711 A CN 2011101679711A CN 201110167971 A CN201110167971 A CN 201110167971A CN 102836825 A CN102836825 A CN 102836825A
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screening
rake
broken bag
sorting
sorting unit
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CN2011101679711A
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CN102836825B (en
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刘素华
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刘素华
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Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of a garbage processing machine, and in particular relates to a multi-stage quick energy-saving garbage sorting system. The invention aims at providing the multi-stage quick energy-saving garbage sorting system. The technical proposal is that the multi-stage quick energy-saving garbage sorting system comprises a feeding mechanism, a roller bag breaking mechanism, a screening and classifying mechanism, a material collecting mechanism and the like, wherein a discharging end of the feeding mechanism is arranged above the roller bag breaking mechanism; the screening and classifying mechanism is arranged on the lower lateral side and/or the lower side of the roller bag breaking mechanism; the material collecting mechanism is respectively arranged on the lower side and/or the lower lateral side of the feeding mechanism, the roller bag breaking mechanism and the screening and classifying mechanism. The multi-stage quick energy-saving garbage sorting system sufficiently uses the weight of the garbage, the structure characteristic, weight characteristic, shape characteristic and material characteristic, and the like of various materials in the garbage to carryout multi-stage sorting on the garbage, thereby rationally recycling and using the garbage.

Description

Multistage fast energy-saving sorting garbage system
Technical field
The invention belongs to garbage disposal machinery field, particularly a kind of multistage fast energy-saving sorting garbage system.
Background technology
Along with economy, development of science and technology, the rubbish composition becomes increasingly complex, and is also more and more hard to manage, but rubbish is to the destruction of ecological environment, become disastrous social concern to the waste of resource; Mostly existing refuse disposal system is winnowing type, and the winnowing type treatment system is effective to the treatment classification of rubbish, but energy consumption is big; The place takies greatly, and the device structure complicacy is huge, and handling procedure is complicated; Cost is high, and treating capacity is too small, loses more than gain for the processing of rubbish; There is above problem equally in the equipment of burning formula, has wasted lot of manpower and material resources resource etc., its treating capacity to rubbish be difficult to solve conventional garbage and after quantity of refuse is arranged.All there is function singleness in other rubbish equipment and because the screening installation complex structure, maintenance difficult, and utilization rate of equipment and installations is low, is suitable for weak effect.Be badly in need of a kind of simple in structurely, it is low to consume energy, low cost of manufacture; Easy to operate, it is little to take up room, and especially carries out multistage according to the architectural characteristic of rubbish material, weight characteristic, style characteristic, material characteristic, volume size etc. to rubbish; The variation sorting makes rubbish realize rationally recycling; Category sorting is effective, and maintenance is few, handles rapidly in time, and treating capacity is big, safeguards easy refuse treatment plant.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of multistage fast energy-saving sorting garbage system.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of multistage fast energy-saving sorting garbage system comprises that feed mechanism, drum broken bag mechanism, screening rake select mechanism and the mechanism etc. that gathers materials; Wherein, the discharge end of said feed mechanism is positioned at the top of drum broken bag mechanism; Said screening rake selects mechanism to be positioned at the side-lower and/or the below of drum broken bag mechanism; The said mechanism that gathers materials lays respectively at below and/or the side-lower that feed mechanism, drum broken bag mechanism and screening rake select mechanism.
Described feed mechanism, drum broken bag mechanism and/or screening rake select mechanism etc. to comprise and mould the cloth sorting unit.
Said feed mechanism comprises feeding device, and feeding device comprises material-conveying belt and/or defeated material chain etc.
Described feed mechanism comprises brokenly bag poking device, magnetic separation materials device and/or elastic force sorting unit etc., and said broken bag poking device is arranged at the top of feeding device; Said magnetic separation materials device is arranged at the top of feeding device, the place ahead of dialling material sorting unit feeding end; Said elastic force sorting unit is arranged at the below and/or the side-lower of feeding device and broken bag poking device; Said elastic force sorting unit comprises diving board sorting assembly.
Said drum broken bag mechanism comprises select materials a cylinder and a broken bag cylinder, or comprises broken bag cylinder and broken bag tooth plate etc.
The described cylinder or broken bag cylinder sidepiece and/or bottom of selecting materials is provided with discharger A etc.
The said cloth sorting unit of moulding comprises the material collection groove, swings material stirrer and stirring sorter etc.; Said material collection groove is arranged at below and/or the side-lower of discharger A; Said top, middle part and/or the middle and upper part that the material stirrer is arranged at the material collection groove, the below of discharger A and/or the side-lower of swinging; Said stirring sorter is arranged at the places such as outlet of material collection groove.
Said screening rake selects mechanism to comprise and rolls the rake sorting unit and sieve feeding device etc.; Said rolling harrowed below and/or the side-lower that sorting unit is positioned at brokenly the bag cylinder, and the screening feeding device is positioned at below and/or the side-lower that rolls the rake sorting unit; Said screening feeding device comprises annular sieve band etc.
Said screening rake selects mechanism also to comprise magnetic separation materials device etc.; Said magnetic separation materials device is positioned at brokenly the below and/or the side-lower of the bag cylinder or the cylinder of selecting materials, the top of rolling the rake sorting unit and/or side top.
Described feed mechanism comprises bucket elevator etc.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1, the present invention has made full use of the deadweight of rubbish, utilizes architectural characteristic, weight characteristic, style characteristic and the material characteristic etc. of various materials in the rubbish that rubbish is carried out multipass sort, makes rubbish realize rationally recycling;
2, treating capacity of the present invention is big, need not artificial separation, has improved operating efficiency, has saved the space, has reduced the energy consumption when rubbish is carried, and has practiced thrift the energy, time and manpower and materials etc.;
3, reasonable structural arrangement of the present invention has solved existing refuse treatment plant piece material, billot, plate, vessel, the diversified factors such as cloth, powder of moulding in the rubbish of complicated component has been made the problem that equipment is impaired easily, functions of the equipments are difficult to realize;
4, the present invention has realized rubbish is carried out rapidly and efficiently energy-conservation multipass sort, and the sorting classification is many, and classification rationally;
5, maintenance of the present invention is few, simple and easy, the scientific and reasonable cost of maintenance is low, be easy to popularization.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure sketch map of embodiment 1 among the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of feed mechanism I among the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of intermediate roll bag-breaking machine structure II of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a structural representation of moulding cloth sorting unit III among the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation that the screening rake selects the IV of mechanism among the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the phantom that the screening rake selects the IV of mechanism among the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the zoomed-in view that the screening rake selects the IV of mechanism among the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the cutaway view of screening feeding device 403 among the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of magnetic separation materials device 401 and embodiment 5 among the present invention;
Figure 10 is the structural representation of embodiment 2 among the present invention;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of embodiment 3 among the present invention;
Figure 12 is the structural representation of embodiment 4 among the present invention;
Figure 13 is the structural representation of embodiment 7 among the present invention;
Figure 14 is the structural representation of embodiment 8 among the present invention;
Figure 15 is the structural representation that breaks bag tooth plate 208 among the present invention among the embodiment 8;
Figure 16 is the front view that breaks bag tooth plate 208 among the present invention among the embodiment 8;
Figure 17 is the structural representation of embodiment 9 among the present invention;
Figure 18 is the structural representation of embodiment 6 among the present invention;
Figure 19 is the structural representation of embodiment 11 among the present invention;
Figure 20 is the structural representation of embodiment 12 among the present invention;
Figure 21 is the structural representation of embodiment 13 among the present invention;
Figure 22 is the structural representation of embodiment 14 among the present invention.
Wherein, I, feed mechanism, the cloth sorting unit, is moulded at III by II, drum broken bag mechanism, and IV, screening rake select mechanism, and V, mechanism gathers materials; 101, feeding device, 102, material-conveying belt, 103, the magnetic separation materials device, 104, dial the material sorting unit, 105, elastic force sorting unit A, 106, material collecting tank, 107, elastic force sorting unit B, 108, scrape the material tooth, 109, the feeding conveyer belt discharger; 201, the cylinder of selecting materials, 202, a broken bag cylinder, 203, the drum broken bag mechanism rack, 204, the sorting crushing teeth; 205, a broken bag tooth A, 206, discharger A, 207, buffer spring; 208, a broken bag tooth plate, 209, a broken bag tooth B, 210, a broken bag plate, 211, a broken bag tooth plate support; 212, rotating shaft, 213, support spring, 214, stock guide; 301, swing the material stirrer, 302, the material collection groove, 303, the stirring sorter, 304, discharger B, 305, screening selects mechanism; 401, magnetic separation materials device, 402, roll the rake sorting unit, 403, the screening feeding device, 404, the metal feeder, 405, the metal charge deflector chute; 406, roll rake, 407, mould cloth collection stock guide, 408, annular sieve band, 409, batch mixing collection stock guide, 410, the material material collecting tank; 411, expect tooth clearly, 412, the tooth of selecting materials, 413, the screening head roll, 414, screening changed course cylinder; 415, magnetic separation changed course cylinder, 416, the magnetic separation head roll, 417, the endless belt, 418, strong magnetic ironware; 501, material collector, 502, charging aperture.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is further specified.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes feed mechanism I, drum broken bag mechanism II, mould cloth sorting unit III, sieve to harrow and select mechanism's IV and the mechanism's V etc. of gathering materials; Wherein, the discharge end of feed mechanism I is positioned at the top of drum broken bag mechanism II; The screening rake selects mechanism's IV to be positioned at the below and/or the side-lower of drum broken bag mechanism II; Mould side-lower that cloth sorting unit III is positioned at drum broken bag mechanism II and/or below, screening rake and select a side of mechanism's IV; The mechanism's V of gathering materials lays respectively at the feed mechanism I, moulds cloth sorting unit III and sieves below and/or the side-lower that rake selects mechanism's IV.The mechanism's V of gathering materials comprises several material collectors 501.
As shown in Figure 2, the feed mechanism I comprises feeding device 101, dials material sorting unit 104, magnetic separation materials device 103 and elastic force sorting unit A105 etc.; Said feeding device 101 comprises material-conveying belt 102; Said group of material sorting unit 104 is arranged at the top of material-conveying belt 102; Said elastic force sorting unit A105 is arranged at material-conveying belt 102 and the below of dialling material sorting unit 104 and/side-lower.Material-conveying belt 102 belows are provided with some material collecting tanks 106, and material collecting tank 106 connects material collector 501.
As shown in Figure 3, drum broken bag mechanism II comprises select materials cylinder 201 and broken bag cylinder 202 etc., and the cylinder 201 of selecting materials is arranged on the drum broken bag mechanism rack 203 with a broken bag cylinder 202.The outer surface of cylinder 201 of selecting materials is provided with some sorting crushing teeths 204, and the outer surface of broken bag cylinder 202 is provided with some broken bag tooth A205, and sorting crushing teeth 204 was provided with broken staggered interting of a bag tooth A205.Select materials cylinder 202 side-lowers and/or below is provided with discharger A206.
As shown in Figure 1, mould cloth sorting unit III and be positioned at the side-lower of cylinder 202 grades of selecting materials, the below of discharger A206.
Shown in figure 10, it comprises material collection groove 302, swings material stirrer 301 and stirring sorter 303 to mould the cloth sorting unit.Swing and expect that stirrer 301 is arranged at top, middle part and/or the middle and upper part of material collection groove 302, stirring sorter 303 is arranged at the exit of material collection groove 302; Discharger B304 is set on the stirring sorter 303.Discharger B304 exit connects material collector 501 etc., and stirring sorter 303 belows are provided with material collector 501 etc.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes more than one screening rake and select mechanism's IV, can be respectively one-level screening rake and select mechanism's IV and secondary screening rake to select mechanism's IV etc.Secondary screening rake selects mechanism's IV to be positioned at below and/or side-lower that one-level screening rake selects mechanism's IV.
As shown in Figure 5, the screening rake selects mechanism's IV to comprise and rolls rake sorting unit 402, screening feeding device 403 and magnetic separation materials device 401 etc.Screening feeding device 403 is positioned at below and/or the side-lower that rolls rake sorting unit 402.The select materials below of cylinder 201 is provided with stock guide 214 etc., rolls the discharging opening etc. that rake sorting unit 402 is positioned at stock guide 214 and locates.Magnetic separation materials device 401 is positioned at brokenly the below and/or the side-lower of bag cylinder 202, the top of rolling rake sorting unit 402 and/or side top.Magnetic separation materials device 401 side-lowers are provided with metal feeder 404 etc., and metal feeder 404 exits are provided with metal charge deflector chute 405 etc.
To shown in Figure 8, screening feeding device 403 comprises that screening head roll 413, screening changed course cylinder 414 and annular sieve be with 408 etc. like Fig. 6; The said rake sorting unit 402 that rolls comprises and rolls rake 406 and mould cloth collection stock guide 407 etc.Said annular sieve is provided with material material collecting tank 410 etc. with 408 compass screen surface discharge end, and sieve bottom discharge end is provided with batch mixing collection stock guide 409 etc.Said rake 406 outer surfaces that roll are provided with and expect tooth 411 etc. clearly; Said annular sieve is with the 408 outer surface settings tooth 412 etc. of selecting materials; Said clear material tooth 411 was provided with 412 staggered the interting of tooth of selecting materials.
As shown in Figure 9, magnetic separation materials device 401 comprises magnetic separation head roll 416, endless belt 417 and magnetic separation changed course cylinder 415, is wrapped in after 417 tensionings of endless belt on the cylindrical of magnetic separation head roll 416 and magnetic separation changed course cylinder 415.Magnetic separation changed course cylinder 415 is strong magnetic changed course cylinder.Endless belt 417 also can be strong tape.
The present invention is when carrying out garbage disposal, and the course of work is following:
The first step: be processed the material-conveying belt 102 upwards transmission of rubbish material through the feed mechanism I; After 103 pairs of metalliferous materials of magnetic separation materials device sort out; Leftover materials are through dialling 104 sortings of material sorting unit; Dialling material sorting unit 104 sorts out big volume material such as big timber, cardboard coverboard, plastic plate, stone, cement block; The loading head that materials such as big timber, cardboard coverboard, plastic plate, stone, cement block bleed elastic force sorting plate below through elastic force sorting unit A105 with stone, cement block etc.; Other lightweight thing is selected by bullet and is got into the sidepiece material collector, through dialling the material of material sorting unit 104, is brought to charging aperture 502 places of drum broken bag mechanism II top by material-conveying belt 102.
Second step: the charging aperture 502 that rubbish material is transported to drum broken bag mechanism II top through the feed mechanism I; Rubbish material falls to from charging aperture 502 and selects materials between cylinder 201 and the broken bag cylinder 202; The cylinder 201 of selecting materials is rotated counterclockwise, and simultaneously, broken bag cylinder 202 also is rotated counterclockwise; Bag shape rubbish rotates up under the drive of sorting crushing teeth 204; Accomplish the fragmentation to refuse bag at broken bag tooth A205 with 204 staggered moments of sorting crushing teeth, the selected feed roller 201 of cloth refuse bag of moulding after the fragmentation brings to discharger A206 place, and discharger A206 completion is to the discharging of the cylinder 201 of selecting materials.
The 3rd step: discharger A206 is with collected moulding in cloth mass transport to the material collection groove 302; And along material collection groove 302 whereabouts; To swinging material during stirrer 301; Give elastic force that makes progress of material by swinging material stirrer 301, light materials such as moulding cloth is fully separated under the gravity effect after stirring sorter 303 carries out sorting once more with particles such as rubble, silts.Mould cloth and particle and mould the cloth major part after the sorting once more through stirring sorter 303 and be collected, leftover materials drop on the sieve sorter 305, once more by sorting, and the material collector 501 below falling into after the screening such as particle.
The 4th step: the material after the sorting of broken bag drops down onto the screening rake and selects mechanism's IV.The present invention includes more than one screening rake and select mechanism's IV etc., can select mechanism's IV etc. for one-level screening rake selects mechanism's IV and secondary screening rake.Secondary screening rake selects mechanism to be positioned at below and/or side-lower that one-level screening rake selects mechanism.Material selects mechanism's IV through one-level screening rake earlier: during material process magnetic separation materials device 401, under the effect of magnetic force, metalliferous material is sorted out, and falls into metal charge deflector chute 405 through metal feeder 404.The annular sieve of screening feeding device 403 is with 408 to be provided with the tooth 412 of selecting materials; Material moves under the drive of the tooth 412 of selecting materials and by sorting; Refuse bag etc. mould the cloth material selected materials tooth 412 bring to roll the rake 406 places, through moulding 407 dischargings of cloth collection stock guide to the material collection groove 302 of moulding cloth sorting unit III.Material on screening feeding device 403 compass screen surfaces falls into material material collecting tank 410; Undersize material selects mechanism's IV etc. through batch mixing collection stock guide 409 dischargings to secondary screening rake.Secondary screening rake selects the course of work of mechanism's IV to select mechanism's IV course of work identical with one-level screening rake.
The 5th step: the material that falls from screening feeding device 403 compass screen surfaces is through sieve plate and/or elastic force sorting unit A105 sorting once again, makes wherein plastic bottle, foam block, paper shell, moulds shell, carton, vessel and aluminium box etc. and be sorted out.
The 6th step: in all kinds of rubbish incomes material collector 501 grades separately after the sorting.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 4, mould cloth sorting unit III and comprise material collection groove 302, swing material stirrer 301, stirring sorter 303 and sieve sorter 305.Material collection groove 302 is arranged at the below of discharger A206.Swing material stirrer 301 and be arranged at the top of material collection groove 302, the below of discharger A206.Stirring sorter 303 is arranged at the exit of material collection groove 302; Discharger B304 is set on the stirring sorter 303.Sieve sorter 305 is arranged at the below of stirring sorter 303, and sieve sorter 305 is obliquely installed, and its angle of inclination is 30 °~70 °.Sieve sorter 305 belows and compass screen surface exit are provided with material collector 501 respectively.
Other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
Shown in figure 11, the screening rake selects mechanism's IV to comprise and rolls rake sorting unit 402 and screening feeding device 403.Screening feeding device 403 is positioned at below and/or the side-lower that rolls rake sorting unit 402.Roll and harrow the below that sorting unit 402 is positioned at brokenly bag cylinder 202.The screening rake selects the below of mechanism's IV and/or side-lower to be provided with the circulation screening mechanism.
Other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4
Shown in figure 12, the present invention is provided with a screening rake and selects mechanism's IV.
As shown in Figure 5, the screening rake in the present embodiment selects the structure of mechanism's IV to be: the screening rake selects mechanism's IV to comprise and rolls rake sorting unit 402, screening feeding device 403 and magnetic separation materials device 401 etc.Screening feeding device 403 is positioned at below and or the side-lower that rolls rake sorting unit 402.Magnetic separation materials device 401 is positioned at brokenly the below and/or the side-lower of bag cylinder 202.The tape loop of magnetic separation materials device 401 is a belt, and magnetic separation materials device 401 side-lowers are provided with metal feeder 404, and metal feeder 404 exits are provided with metal charge deflector chute 405.
Shown in figure 11, described screening rake selects the structure of mechanism's IV also can not contain magnetic separation materials device 401.
Other are with embodiment 1 or embodiment 3.
Embodiment 5
As shown in Figure 9; Magnetic separation materials device 401 comprises magnetic separation head roll 416, endless belt 417, magnetic separation changed course cylinder 415 and strong magnetic ironware 418; Magnetic separation head roll 416 laterally arranges with magnetic separation changed course cylinder 415, is wrapped in after 417 tensionings of endless belt on the cylindrical of magnetic separation head roll 416 and magnetic separation changed course cylinder 415.Strong magnetic ironware 418 is between magnetic separation head roll 416 and magnetic separation changed course cylinder 415, in the 417 formed annulars of endless belt.
Other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 6
Shown in figure 18, the feed mechanism I among the present invention is a bucket elevator.
Other is with embodiment 1 or embodiment 3 or embodiment 4.
Embodiment 7
Shown in figure 13, the bottom of broken bag tooth A205 and/or sorting crushing teeth 204 is provided with buffer spring 207, and when running into big material, broken bag tooth A205 and/or sorting crushing teeth 204 can the retraction drum, are beneficial to bulk materials and pass through.
Described buffer springs etc. also can be arranged on brokenly the middle part and/or the middle bottom of bag tooth A205 and/or sorting crushing teeth 204.
Described buffer spring also can be torsion spring, extension spring, butterfly spring, India-rubber spring, nylon spring, polyester spring, hydraulic cylinder, cylinder and/or leaf spring etc.
Other is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 8
Shown in figure 14, drum broken bag mechanism II comprises brokenly bag cylinder 202 and broken bag tooth plate 208.
Like Figure 15 and shown in Figure 16, broken bag tooth plate 208 comprises brokenly bag tooth B209, broken bag plate 210 and broken bag tooth plate support 211 etc., and broken bag tooth B 209 downward-sloping settings are beneficial to material to lower slider; One end of broken bag plate 210 is connected with broken bag tooth plate support 211 through rotating shaft 212, and the other end connects support spring 213 etc., and support spring 213 is fixed on brokenly on the bag plate 210.Several broken bag tooth B209 are set on the broken bag plate 210, and when running into big material, broken bag plate 210 is rotating shaft 212 rotations in the buffering lower edge of support spring 213, are beneficial to material and pass through.
Other is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 9
Shown in figure 15, different with embodiment 8 is, a broken bag plate 210 is divided into some, and each piece can be along rotating shaft 212 rotations, and the quantity of broken bag plate 210 can be provided with arbitrarily according to actual needs.Bag tooth B209 all is set brokenly on the broken bag of each piece plate 210.
Other is with embodiment 8.
Embodiment 10
Shown in figure 14, different with embodiment 9 is, a broken bag plate 210 is divided into some, and each piece can be along rotating shaft 212 rotations, and the quantity of broken bag plate 210 can be provided with arbitrarily according to actual needs.Bag tooth B209 all is set brokenly on the broken bag of each piece plate 210, and the broken bag of each piece plate is equipped with buffer unit etc.
Other is with embodiment 9.
Embodiment 11
Shown in figure 19, different with embodiment 1 is, the plastics that select mechanism's IV to be sub-elected the screening rake import stirring sorter 303, and what make that the screening rake selects that mechanism's IV sub-elected moulds cloth through swinging material stirrer, stirring sorter 303 sorting once again.
Other is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 12
Shown in figure 20; Different with embodiment 1 is; Select the isolated lump material of mechanism's IV bottom that mesh screen is set at screening rake, mesh screen bottom and/or sidepiece be provided with plastic bottle, foam block, paper shell that elastic force sorting unit B107 will be wherein, mould shell, vessel, carton, rubber jar and aluminium box etc. is sorted out.
Other is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 13
Shown in figure 21, different with embodiment 1 is, the feeding device of feed mechanism I is defeated material chain, has on the defeated material chain and scrapes material tooth 108, and feeding conveyer belt discharger 109 is arranged in the charging aperture 502.Scrape material tooth 108 through after the gravity dumping, remaining material carries out discharging through the feeding conveyer belt discharger 109 that is arranged on backhaul chain bottom, and the material that unloads falls into charging aperture 502.
Other is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 14
Shown in figure 22; Different with embodiment 1 is, the feeding device front upper of feed mechanism I is provided with rolls rake device 602, rolls the broken bag of 602 pairs of materials of rake device and selects materials; The discharge end that rolls rake device 602 is provided with discharger C603, and the material that discharger C603 unloads falls into moulds cloth sorting unit III.
Other is with embodiment 1.

Claims (10)

1. a multistage fast energy-saving sorting garbage system is characterized in that, comprises that feed mechanism, drum broken bag mechanism, screening rake select mechanism and the mechanism that gathers materials; Wherein,
The discharge end of said feed mechanism is positioned at the top of drum broken bag mechanism;
Said screening rake selects mechanism to be positioned at the side-lower and/or the below of drum broken bag mechanism;
The said mechanism that gathers materials lays respectively at below and/or the side-lower that feed mechanism, drum broken bag mechanism and screening rake select mechanism.
2. according to the said multistage fast energy-saving sorting garbage system of claim 1, it is characterized in that described feed mechanism, drum broken bag mechanism and/or screening rake select mechanism to comprise and mould the cloth sorting unit.
3. according to the said multistage fast energy-saving sorting garbage system of claim 1, it is characterized in that said feed mechanism comprises feeding device, feeding device comprises material-conveying belt and/or defeated material chain.
4. according to the said multistage fast energy-saving sorting garbage system of claim 1, it is characterized in that described feed mechanism comprises brokenly bag poking device, magnetic separation materials device and/or elastic force sorting unit;
Said broken bag poking device is arranged at the top of feeding device;
Said magnetic separation materials device is arranged at the top of feeding device, the place ahead of dialling material sorting unit feeding end;
Said elastic force sorting unit is arranged at the below and/or the side-lower of feeding device and broken bag poking device;
Said elastic force sorting unit comprises diving board sorting assembly.
5. according to the said multistage fast energy-saving sorting garbage system of claim 1, it is characterized in that said drum broken bag mechanism comprises select materials a cylinder and a broken bag cylinder, or comprise broken a bag cylinder and a broken bag of tooth plate device.
6. according to the said multistage fast energy-saving sorting garbage system of claim 1, it is characterized in that the described cylinder or broken bag cylinder sidepiece and/or bottom of selecting materials is provided with discharger A.
7. according to the said multistage fast energy-saving sorting garbage system of claim 3, it is characterized in that the said cloth sorting unit of moulding comprises the material collection groove, swings material stirrer and stirring sorter;
Said material collection groove is arranged at below and/or the side-lower of discharger A;
Said top, middle part and/or the middle and upper part that the material stirrer is arranged at the material collection groove, the below of discharger A and/or the side-lower of swinging;
Said stirring sorter is arranged at the exit of material collection groove.
8. according to the said multistage fast energy-saving sorting garbage system of claim 1, it is characterized in that said screening rake selects mechanism to comprise and rolls rake sorting unit and screening feeding device; Said rolling harrowed below and/or the side-lower that sorting unit is positioned at brokenly the bag cylinder, and the screening feeding device is positioned at below and/or the side-lower that rolls the rake sorting unit; Said screening feeding device comprises annular sieve band.
9. according to claim 1 or 5 said multistage fast energy-saving sorting garbage system, it is characterized in that said screening rake selects mechanism also to comprise the magnetic separation materials device; Said magnetic separation materials device is positioned at brokenly the below and/or the side-lower of the bag cylinder or the cylinder of selecting materials, the top of rolling the rake sorting unit and/or side top.
10. multistage fast energy-saving sorting garbage system according to claim 2 is characterized in that described feed mechanism comprises bucket elevator.
CN201110167971.1A 2011-06-21 2011-06-21 Multi-stage quick energy-saving garbage sorting system Active CN102836825B (en)

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Cited By (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103909065A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-07-09 沈阳航空航天大学 Continuous household garbage bouncing type gravity separation and magnetic separation integrated device
CN105983474A (en) * 2015-06-26 2016-10-05 张小平 Automatic sorting machine of solid wastes
CN106435193A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-02-22 无锡蠡湖增压技术股份有限公司 Full-automatic aluminum scrap recycling device
CN111482368A (en) * 2020-04-14 2020-08-04 广东中苗景观有限公司 Stepless adjustment screening plant after broken afforestation rubbish

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