CN202052756U - Domestic garbage classifying device - Google Patents

Domestic garbage classifying device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN202052756U
CN202052756U CN2011200635266U CN201120063526U CN202052756U CN 202052756 U CN202052756 U CN 202052756U CN 2011200635266 U CN2011200635266 U CN 2011200635266U CN 201120063526 U CN201120063526 U CN 201120063526U CN 202052756 U CN202052756 U CN 202052756U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
machine
rotary screen
separator
bag
belt conveyors
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2011200635266U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
于景成
田丹
靳国良
田艺伟
辛凯
张有
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BEIJING CANFIT RESOURCE TECHNOLOGIES Inc
Original Assignee
BEIJING CANFIT RESOURCE TECHNOLOGIES Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by BEIJING CANFIT RESOURCE TECHNOLOGIES Inc filed Critical BEIJING CANFIT RESOURCE TECHNOLOGIES Inc
Priority to CN2011200635266U priority Critical patent/CN202052756U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202052756U publication Critical patent/CN202052756U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to a domestic garbage classifying device suitable for the national conditions of China, mainly comprising a bag breaking machine, a magnetic separator, a roller screening machine, a pulping machine, a gravity separator and a bagging machine, wherein the bag breaking machine is connected with the roller screening machine by a belt conveyor II; the magnetic separator is fixed just above the belt conveyor II by a bracket. a screened material collecting groove is welded at the lower part of a shell of the roller screening machine, and an outlet of the material collecting groove is connected with an inlet of the pulping machine by a flange; and an inlet of the gravity separator is connected with a discharging end of the shell of the roller screening machine by welding. An outlet of the gravity separator is connected with an inlet of the bagging machine by a belt conveyor III.

Description

A kind of categorized consumer waste device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of domestic garbage resource, minimizing, harmless treatment device, and more particularly, the utility model is particularly related to a kind of categorized consumer waste device.
Background technology
In recent years, China's domestic waste generation sharply increases, and according to the data that Chinese city environmental sanitation association provides, the year generation of National urban rubbish reaches 1.5 hundred million tons, and annual with 8% ~ 10% speed increment, and rubbish storage over the years is above 6,000,000,000 tons.Garbage loading embeading is to use the most general technology of garbage disposal at present, accounts for more than 90% of treatment of urban garbage amount.Garbage loading embeading need occupy a large amount of soils, and under situation about being becoming tight land resource day, the refuse landfill addressing is very difficult.The mixed collection of house refuse makes and the unprocessed landfill yard that just directly enters of organic rubbish that mixes rots and the generation percolate easily in addition, has increased environmental pressure and disposal cost.The classification of house refuse is handled, sub-elect the energy of recyclable utilization, final only being left do not have the part of value to carry out landfill fully, can alleviate the landfill load of refuse landfill to a certain extent, prolong the service life of landfill yard, make the garbage as resource rate increase substantially.
Along with the raising of urban life level, the content of organic matter in the part domestic waste is the highest to have reached 50% ~ 70%.Consumer garbage compost process for producing line and system for anaerobic treatment have been built up in many cities, and the organic matter in the house refuse is carried out a biological disposal upon.Because the mixed collection of house refuse has caused the garbage raw material organic component content to reduce, the component content that glass, plastics and metal etc. are unsuitable for carrying out a biological disposal upon increases, and the quality of composting production and the biogas output of anaerobic reaction are had a strong impact on.The application of categorized consumer waste treatment facility will overcome present rubbish biological to a certain extent and handle the predicament that is faced, and promotes further developing and using of house refuse biologic treating technique.
Though China advocates house refuse from original-source by classification in most of cities, owing to the custom that forms for a long time, categorized consumer waste has little effect.Organic putrescible matter and the recyclable material that utilizes mix in the rubbish, and use plastic bag packaging more.In view of above characteristics, the external refuse classification equipment of directly introducing is not suitable for handling the house refuse of China.Therefore, a kind of system of the efficient classification of house refuse of suitable China's national situation need be provided.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the branch kind processing device of a kind of suitable China domestic waste characteristics is provided, this device makes up operations such as broken bag, magnetic separation, screening, gravity separation, pulp, the different component refuse classification is come out, created advantage for further handling.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
The utility model provides a kind of categorized consumer waste device, mainly comprises bag-breaking machine, magnetic separator, rotary screen extension set, pulp machine, gravity separator and baling press, and each equipment room is connected with transmitting device by coupling assembling.
Bag-breaking machine mainly is made up of broken bag cutter, motor, casing, and the broken bag cutter spacing is in casing inside, and the broken bag cutter rotates under the driving of motor, will break by the refuse bag that No. 1 belt conveyor is sent in the bag-breaking machine.The bag-breaking machine shell is provided with import and outlet, and the bag-breaking machine outlet links to each other with the rotary screen extension set by No. 2 belt conveyors.
The top of No. 2 belt conveyors and rotary screen extension set connecting place are equipped with deflector chute, and deflector chute extends in the rotary screen extension set on the screen drum, prevent that material from omitting from the junction.
Directly over No. 2 belt conveyors magnetic separator is installed, the distance on the rubbish material surface on the magnetic separation face of magnetic separator and No. 2 belt conveyors is 0.4 meter, and magnetic separator is fixed on the ground of No. 2 belt conveyor both sides by support.
In the rotary screen extension set shell screen drum is housed, outer casing bottom is welded with the screenings material collecting tank.Screen drum is welded to form octagon by eight stainless steel sieve plates, and sieve plate is provided with the material diversion plate and is evenly distributed with Φ 60mm round sieve.Screen drum rotates under the drive of screening motor, and particle diameter falls in the screenings material collecting tank by the sieve aperture on the sieve plate less than the material of Φ 60mm.Under the effect of material diversion plate, flow to discharge end greater than the oversize of Φ 60mm from the screen drum feed end.Carry out the sorting of heavy material and light material then.
The outlet of screenings material collecting tank links to each other by the import of flange with the pulp machine.After particle diameter enters the pulp that is broken in the pulp machine less than the material of Φ 60mm by adpting flange, flow out by the outlet of pulp machine.50-70% is organic food rubbish in the domestic waste, and particle diameter is an organic food rubbish less than major part in the material of Φ 60mm, so the composition of pulp liquid mostly is materials such as dish leaf, fruit stone, leftovers, leftovers.Can deliver to and carry out anaerobic digestion generation energy biogas in the anaerobic reactor, realize the recycling treatment of rubbish.
The gravity separator import is welded on the discharge end of rotary screen extension set shell, and its position is relative with the blowing mouth of gravity separator.The Polypropylence Sheet light materials such as (bags) that air-flow by blowing mouth will be entrained in the oversize is blown in the gravity separator by the gravity separator import, and falls the lower end of No. 3 belt conveyors by the gravity effect in the gravity separator exit.The air-flow of blowing mouth comes from blower fan.Light material by No. 3 belt conveyors send compress packing in the baling press after, be sold to the salvage station and recycle.Gravity separator can be adjusted air quantity, the blast of blower fan according to the characteristic of different rubbish, satisfies the demand of different refuse classifications.Remaining heavy material such as ceramics etc. are discharged by the outlet of the heavy material on the rotary screen extension set, send sanitary filling field to carry out landfill disposal.
Package unit is realized operation automatically by the PLC control system.Described bag-breaking machine, magnetic separator, rotary screen extension set, pulp machine, gravity separator and baling press all can adopt the market existing equipment, connect according to the foregoing invention content.
Compared with prior art, the utlity model has following beneficial effect:
Can with the reusable edible in the domestic waste and the feed separation of reusable edible not handle so that realize refuse classification;
2. the particle diameter of separating in the rubbish can be carried out a biological disposal upon after pulp is handled less than the material of Φ 60mm, produces energy biogas, realizes garbage as resource;
3. the particle diameter of separating carries out landfill greater than inorganic matters such as the heavy material of Φ 60mm such as ceramics, significantly reduces workload and amount of landfill, saves the soil,, realize the minimizing of garbage disposal;
4. the collection mode that meets existing Chinese city house refuse, the classification that is fit to the Chinese city house refuse is disposed.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is a process schematic representation of the present utility model
1 bag-breaking machine among the figure, 1.1 bag-breaking machine imports, the outlet of 1.2 bag-breaking machines, 2 magnetic separators, 3 rotary screen extension sets, 3.1 screenings material collecting tanks, 3.2 the material collecting tank outlet, 3.3 flanges, 3.4 rotary screen extension set shells, 3.5 the heavy material outlet, 3.6 screening motors, 4 gravity separators, 4.1 the gravity separator import, 4.2 blowing mouths, 4.3 blower fans, 4.4 gravity separator outlet, 5 baling presses, 5.1 baling press imports, 6 pulp machines, 6.1 pulp machine import, 6.2 the outlet of pulp machine, 7 No. 1 belt conveyors, 8 No. 2 belt conveyors, 8.1 deflector chute, 9 No. 3 belt conveyors.
The specific embodiment
Referring to accompanying drawing, the utility model provides a kind of categorized consumer waste device, mainly comprises bag-breaking machine 1, magnetic separator 2, and rotary screen extension set 3, gravity separator 4, baling press 5, pulp machine 6, each equipment room is connected by coupling assembling or belt conveyor.
Bag-breaking machine 1 is connected by No. 2 belt conveyors 8 with rotary screen extension set 3, magnetic separator 2 by support be fixed in No. 2 belt conveyors 8 directly over, the bottom of rotary screen extension set shell 3.4 links to each other by welding and material collecting tank outlet 3.2, and material collecting tank exports 3.2 and is connected by flange 3.3 with the import 6.1 of pulp machine.Gravity separator import 4.1 and rotary screen extension set shell 3.4 discharge ends are by being weldingly connected.Gravity separator outlet 4.4 links to each other by No. 3 belt conveyors 9 with baling press import 5.1.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, do and specify using an example of the present utility model, illustrate and the effect of accompanying drawing is to illustrate, and do not have restrictive meaning.
Domestic waste is entered in the bag-breaking machine 1 by bag-breaking machine import 1.1 by No. 1 belt conveyor 7, and the broken bag cutter is housed in the bag-breaking machine 1, and the broken bag cutter rotates under the driving of motor, and the refuse bag that enters in the bag-breaking machine 1 is broken., dropped down onto on No. 2 belt conveyors 8 that are positioned at bag-breaking machine 1 below by bag-breaking machine outlet 1.2 under the effect of gravity by the rubbish after the broken bag, the house refuse that will be scattered by No. 2 belt conveyors 8 is delivered in the rotary screen extension set 3 and is sieved.The top of No. 2 belt conveyors 8 is equipped with deflector chute 8.1, and deflector chute 8.1 extends on the screen drum in the rotary screen extension set 3.Material conveyor in the present embodiment all adopts belt conveyor, but also can use other conveying equipments such as plate-and-chain conveyer in of the present utility model other are used as required.
Magnetic separator 2 is installed directly over No. 2 belt conveyors 8, and the distance on the rubbish material surface on the magnetic separation face of magnetic separator 2 and No. 2 belt conveyors 8 is 0.4 meter, and magnetic separator 2 is fixed on the ground of No. 2 belt conveyor 8 both sides by support.When rubbish material when the magnetic separator 2, magnetisable material such as iron etc. and are transferred to by the belt that it carries in the receiving hopper of magnetic separator 2 by magnetic separator 2 sucking-offs in the rubbish.Use a magnetic separator in the present embodiment, can one or many magnetic separators be installed, reach best removal effect magnetisable material in the rubbish according to rubbish character.
House refuse behind the removal metal prevents that by on the screen drum in the deflector chute 8.1 importing rotary screen extension sets 3 junction rubbish from spilling.The screen drum that sieves for rubbish is housed in the rotary screen extension set shell 3.4, and screen drum is welded to form octagon by eight stainless steel sieve plates, and sieve plate is provided with the material diversion plate and is evenly distributed with Φ 60mm round sieve.Screen drum rotates under the drive of screening motor 3.6, house refuse, whereabouts constantly rolled-up along with the rotation of screen drum.Particle diameter falls in the screenings material collecting tank 3.1 that is welded on rotary screen extension set shell 3.4 bottoms by the sieve aperture on the sieve plate less than the material of Φ 60mm.Because 50-70% is organic food rubbish in the domestic waste, so particle diameter mostly is materials such as dish leaf, fruit stone, leftovers, leftovers less than the screenings of Φ 60mm.Particle diameter mostly is materials such as Polypropylence Sheet (bag), ceramics greater than the oversize of Φ 60mm.Oversize flows to discharge end from the screen drum feed end under the effect of material diversion plate.
The below of screenings material collecting tank 3.1 is connected with pulp machine 6, and particle diameter enters in the pulp machine 6 by material collecting tank outlet 3.2 and pulp machine import 6.1 less than the material of Φ 60mm, and material collecting tank outlet 3.2 is connected by flange 3.3 with the import 6.1 of pulp machine.Material is broken in pulp machine 6 after the pulp, flows out by pulp machine outlet 6.2, delivers to carry out anaerobic digestion in the anaerobic reactor and produce biogas.
Gravity separator import 4.1 is welded on the discharge end of rotary screen extension set shell 3.4, and its position is relative with the blowing mouth 4.2 of gravity separator 4.The Polypropylence Sheet light materials such as (bags) that air-flow by blowing mouth 4.2 will be entrained in the oversize is blown in the gravity separator 4 by gravity separator import 4.1.The air-flow of blowing mouth 4.2 comes from blower fan 4.3.Export 4.4 places at gravity separator, the light material that the lower end that Polypropylence Sheet light materials such as (bags) is fallen No. 3 belt conveyors 9 by the gravity effect, No. 3 belt conveyors 9 will sub-elect such as Polypropylence Sheet (bag) etc. are sent baling press 5 to from baling press import 5.1 and are compressed packing.Gravity separator 4 can be adjusted air quantity, the blast of blower fan according to the characteristic of different rubbish, satisfies the demand of different refuse classifications.
Particle diameter is fallen by heavy material outlet 3.5 greater than inorganic matters such as the heavy material of 60mm such as ceramics, carries out landfill disposal after the collection.
Being sold to the salvage station after Polypropylence Sheet light materials such as (bags) compresses in baling press 5 and packs recycles.
A whole set of categorized consumer waste device can be realized control automatically by the PLC control system, need not manually to phoresy, and alleviates operation intensity.
House refuse is through after the classification of the present utility model, particle diameter can be produced energy biogas less than the rubbish of Φ 60mm through after the pulp, magnetic metals such as iron and Polypropylence Sheet (bag) etc. are sized out recycling, have only a spot of heavy material such as ceramics etc. to send the sanitary filling field landfill, so saved a large amount of landfill soils, realized resource, minimizing, the harmless treatment of rubbish veritably.

Claims (4)

1. a categorized consumer waste device comprises bag-breaking machine, magnetic separator, rotary screen extension set, gravity separator, baling press, pulp machine; Bag-breaking machine is connected by No. 2 belt conveyors with the rotary screen extension set; The material collecting tank outlet of rotary screen extension set is connected by flange with the import of pulp machine; The gravity separator import is welded on the discharge end of rotary screen extension set shell, and its position is relative with the blowing mouth of gravity separator; The gravity separator outlet links to each other by No. 3 belt conveyors with baling press; Package unit is realized operation automatically by the PLC control system.
2. a kind of categorized consumer waste device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described magnetic separator is fixed in belt conveyor top No. 2 by support, and the distance on the rubbish material surface on the magnetic separation face of magnetic separator and No. 2 belt conveyors is 0.4 meter.
3. a kind of categorized consumer waste device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the top of No. 2 belt conveyors is equipped with deflector chute, and deflector chute extends to the screen drum top in the rotary screen extension set.
4. a kind of categorized consumer waste device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the screen drum of rotary screen extension set is welded to form polygon-octagonal by eight stainless steel sieve plates, and sieve plate is provided with the material diversion plate and is furnished with Φ 60mm round sieve.
CN2011200635266U 2011-03-11 2011-03-11 Domestic garbage classifying device Expired - Lifetime CN202052756U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200635266U CN202052756U (en) 2011-03-11 2011-03-11 Domestic garbage classifying device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200635266U CN202052756U (en) 2011-03-11 2011-03-11 Domestic garbage classifying device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202052756U true CN202052756U (en) 2011-11-30

Family

ID=45012743

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011200635266U Expired - Lifetime CN202052756U (en) 2011-03-11 2011-03-11 Domestic garbage classifying device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202052756U (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102615093A (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-08-01 韩清洁 Multipurpose breaking and sorting production line and breaking method thereof
CN104384108A (en) * 2014-05-12 2015-03-04 深圳市龙吉顺环保科技有限公司 Compact living garbage sorting production line
CN107225143A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-10-03 巢湖学院 A kind of Multi-stage precise garbage classification device
CN108906853A (en) * 2018-07-11 2018-11-30 杨程 A kind of MSW Incineration Plant Pre-sorting device
CN110386729A (en) * 2019-08-01 2019-10-29 水发海若环境技术有限公司 A kind of food waste percolate treatment process
CN112077130A (en) * 2020-10-20 2020-12-15 南昌大学 Kitchen waste crushing, pulping and collecting device and method with garbage bag separation function

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102615093A (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-08-01 韩清洁 Multipurpose breaking and sorting production line and breaking method thereof
CN102615093B (en) * 2012-03-29 2013-11-06 韩清洁 Multipurpose breaking and sorting production line and breaking method thereof
CN104384108A (en) * 2014-05-12 2015-03-04 深圳市龙吉顺环保科技有限公司 Compact living garbage sorting production line
CN104384108B (en) * 2014-05-12 2016-04-06 深圳市龙吉顺环保科技有限公司 Compact sorting consumer waste production line
CN107225143A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-10-03 巢湖学院 A kind of Multi-stage precise garbage classification device
CN107225143B (en) * 2017-05-17 2019-11-29 巢湖学院 A kind of Multi-stage precise garbage classification device
CN108906853A (en) * 2018-07-11 2018-11-30 杨程 A kind of MSW Incineration Plant Pre-sorting device
CN110386729A (en) * 2019-08-01 2019-10-29 水发海若环境技术有限公司 A kind of food waste percolate treatment process
CN112077130A (en) * 2020-10-20 2020-12-15 南昌大学 Kitchen waste crushing, pulping and collecting device and method with garbage bag separation function
CN112077130B (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-07-09 南昌大学 Kitchen waste crushing, pulping and collecting device and method with garbage bag separation function

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN202052756U (en) Domestic garbage classifying device
CN102921703B (en) Kitchen garbage pre-treatment technology and system thereof
CN207343271U (en) Rotation is to tooth-like Cull eliminator of home scrap
CN104690063B (en) Domestic garbage crushing method for separating
CN101716586B (en) Module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device
CN107344186B (en) Life garbage original-source by classification method and integrated machine for sorting
CN103143552B (en) Recycling harmless comprehensive treating method for kitchen garbage
CN206604877U (en) A kind of kitchen garbage pretreatment system
CN101862748A (en) Automatic separating device and method for domestic garbage
CN106391471A (en) Integrative sorting machine for household garbage
CN113020224A (en) High-value recovery system for household garbage and treatment process thereof
CN201632321U (en) Household garbage sorting equipment
CN203091402U (en) Household garbage integrated treatment carbon rod producing system
CN206527140U (en) Garbage sorting device
CN206444988U (en) A kind of house refuse recycling system
CN207138491U (en) Food waste treatment equipment
CN109794495B (en) Automatic household garbage sorting device
CN111320495A (en) Aerobic composting system
CN205893251U (en) Kitchen garbage's scale processing apparatus
CN203124402U (en) Intensive garbage classification system for residential areas
CN206692577U (en) A kind of fruits and vegetables refuse disposal system
CN108499878A (en) The sorting technique and its system of house refuse mechanization
CN205236607U (en) Decrement all -in -one is selected separately in domestic waste source
CN206168808U (en) Domestic waste integration sorter
CN206184902U (en) Household refuse sorting equipment

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20111130

CX01 Expiry of patent term