CN107225143B - A kind of Multi-stage precise garbage classification device - Google Patents

A kind of Multi-stage precise garbage classification device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107225143B
CN107225143B CN201710348013.1A CN201710348013A CN107225143B CN 107225143 B CN107225143 B CN 107225143B CN 201710348013 A CN201710348013 A CN 201710348013A CN 107225143 B CN107225143 B CN 107225143B
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belt wheel
bolted
gear
driving motor
belt
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CN107225143A (en
Inventor
龚智强
常数数
梁三金
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Fengyang yitiancheng mould Co., Ltd
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Chaohu University
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Multi-stage precise garbage classification devices, specifically relate to environmental protection machinery equipment technical field, by rack, crushing device, concentration equipment, first transmitting device, first sorting unit, pneumatic separation device, sorting metals device, the composition such as control device, side on the rack is bolted in crushing device, concentration equipment, which is located at below crushing device, to be bolted on the rack, first transmitting device is bolted in the lower section of concentration equipment, first sorting unit is located at the right part of the first transmitting device, pneumatic separation device is bolted in the end of the first sorting unit, the present invention has easy to operate, sorting is thorough, high-efficient feature, safety and reliability is higher, all kinds of rubbish can be carried out with accurate classification, alleviate the labour pressure of people.

Description

A kind of Multi-stage precise garbage classification device
Technical field
The invention belongs to environmental protection machinery equipment technical fields, and in particular to a kind of Multi-stage precise garbage classification device.
Background technique
Economical flourishes, and improves the quality of life of the people generally, but the environmental protection that people launch garbage classification Consciousness is far from enough, and just the losing all kinds of rubbish everywhere of most people figure a period of time is put, and is caused pollution to environment, is reduced life While bioplasm amount, difficulty also is caused to the subsequent classification of rubbish and processing, reduces the recycling rate of waterused of recyclable rubbish.
Currently, the dustbin or dustbin in life are merely able to temporarily store all kinds of rubbish, can not classify to it, It is most of to be classified by artificially launching;And garbage classification device in the market can not carry out accurate classification, and its to rubbish Working efficiency is low, cumbersome, and safety and reliability etc. not can guarantee, and destroy recoverable to a certain extent Rubbish;Therefore require study a kind of Multi-stage precise garbage classification device in the market, and the garbage classification to solve extremely urgent is asked Topic, alleviates the pressure of environmental pollution.
Summary of the invention
The main object of the present invention is the deficiency for conventional garbage sorting technique, provides a kind of Multi-stage precise garbage classification Device, Lai Tigao garbage classification efficiency.
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are realized using following technical scheme.
A kind of Multi-stage precise garbage classification device includes rack, concentration equipment, crushing device, the first transmitting device, first Sorting unit, pneumatic separation device, sorting metals device, the second sorting unit, control device, the rack include lower seat board, on Seat board, lower support column, rectangular mounting plate, upper support column, the lower support column are four, are bolted respectively in lower seat Plate top, the upper support column are two, are bolted respectively on the top of upper base plate, the rectangular mounting plate is It two, is bolted respectively in the lower part of upper base plate;The concentration equipment is bolted on upper support column;Institute The crushing device stated is mounted on the top of concentration equipment;First transmitting device is located at the lower section of concentration equipment;Described First sorting unit is mounted on the top of upper base plate;The pneumatic separation device is located at the end of the first sorting unit;The gold Belong to the lower section that sorter is mounted on upper base plate;Second sorting unit is located at the lower part of the first sorting unit, passes through spiral shell Bolt is connected on upper base plate;The control device is bolted on lower seat board;
Affiliated concentration equipment includes collection box one, diversion trench one, magnechuck, driving motor one, rack gear one, gear One, the collection box one is bolted on lower seat board;The driving motor one is bolted in upper support On column;The gear one is connected by key in the shaft of driving motor one;The rack gear one is connected on magnechuck; The magnechuck is mounted on upper support column, and forms prismatic pair with upper support column;One end of the diversion trench one is logical It crosses and is bolted on upper support column, the other end is located at the top of collection box one;
First transmitting device include conveyer belt one, conveyor shaft one, belt wheel five, V-type band three, driving motor four, Belt wheel six, bracket one, the bracket one are two, are bolted in the top of upper base plate;The conveyor shaft one It is two, one of conveyor shaft one is mounted on bracket one by bearing, another conveyor shaft one is installed by bearing On the upper support column in left side;The conveyer belt one is mounted on conveyor shaft one;The belt wheel five is connected by key On the conveyor shaft one on right side;The driving motor four is by being bolted to the lower section of upper base plate;The belt wheel six is logical Key connection is crossed in the shaft of driving motor four;The V-type band three is mounted on belt wheel five and belt wheel six and forms V belt translation;
First sorting unit includes conveyer belt two, auxiliary stand, driving motor five, belt wheel seven, V-type band four, band Eight, bracket two, conveyor shaft two are taken turns, the auxiliary stand is two, and is located at the outside of conveyer belt two, and pass through spiral shell respectively Bolt is connected to the top of upper base plate;The bracket two is two, and is bolted respectively in the top of upper base plate;It is described Conveyor shaft two be two, one of conveyor shaft two is mounted on bracket two by bearing, another conveyor shaft two It is mounted on the upper support column of right side by bearing;The conveyer belt two is mounted on two conveyor shafts two, in conveyer belt two On partition one is installed;The driving motor five is bolted in the top of upper base plate;The belt wheel seven passes through key It is connected in the shaft of driving motor five;The belt wheel eight is connected by key on left side conveyor shaft two;The V-type band Four are mounted on belt wheel seven and belt wheel eight and form V belt translation;
The pneumatic separation device includes air storing cavity, deflector one, diversion trench two, bracket three, collection box two, the gas storage Chamber is bolted in the upper end of bracket two;The bracket three is two, and is bolted respectively in upper base plate Top;The deflector one is located at the left side of bracket three, and is bolted on bracket three;The diversion trench two In the right side of bracket three, and it is bolted on bracket three;The collection box two is located at the lower end of diversion trench two, and leads to It crosses and is bolted on lower support column comprising left collection box, right collection box;
Second sorting unit includes power device, bracket four, electromagnet, flap shutter, bracket five, conveyer belt Three, conveyor shaft three, deflector two, the bracket four is two, and is bolted on upper base plate respectively;Described Electromagnet is connected by screw between two brackets four;The flap shutter is mounted between two brackets four, and with branch Frame four forms revolute pair;The bracket five is two, and is bolted on upper base plate respectively;The conveyor shaft Three be two, and one of conveyor shaft three is connected on bracket four by bearing, another conveyor shaft three is pacified by bearing On bracket five;The conveyer belt three is separately mounted on two conveyor shafts three, and is equipped with partition two thereon;Institute The deflector two stated is located at the right end of conveyer belt three, is bolted on bracket three;The power device includes driving Motor seven, belt wheel 11, V-type band six, belt wheel 12, the driving motor seven is bolted on upper base plate, described Belt wheel 11 be connected by key in the shaft of driving motor seven, the belt wheel 12 is connected by key in conveyor shaft three On, the belt wheel 11 is mounted on belt wheel 11 and belt wheel 12 and forms V belt translation.
The crushing device includes broken case, open-and-close mechanism, arc cavity, driving device, rope sheave, wirerope, described Broken case include half circular track, rectangular channel, the half circular track is located at the bottom of broken case, and the rectangular channel has Four, and be provided on two faces of broken case;The open-and-close mechanism includes moving stop 321, driving motor two, gear Two, rack gear two, the moving stop are mounted on the bottom of broken case, form prismatic pair, the gear with half circular track Two are connected in the side of moving stop, and the driving motor two is by being bolted on broken case, the gear two-way Key connection is crossed in the shaft of driving motor two, and forms rack pinion with rack gear two;The arc cavity is four, And it is bolted on corresponding rectangular channel respectively;The driving device includes driving motor three, gear three, gear Four, transmission shaft one, the first belt driver, the second belt driver, the driving motor three are broken by being bolted to The side of case, the gear three are connected by key in the shaft of driving motor three, and the transmission shaft one is pacified by bearing On broken case, the gear four is connected by key on transmission shaft one, and is intermeshed with gear three, described first There are two belt drivers, and is symmetrically mounted on broken case about transmission shaft one comprising gear five, transmission shaft two, belt wheel One, V-type band one, gear six, belt wheel two, transmission shaft three, the transmission shaft two are mounted on the middle part of broken case, institute by bearing The gear five stated is connected by key on transmission shaft two, and the belt wheel one is located at the top of gear five, and is connected by key On transmission shaft two, the transmission shaft three is mounted on the right part of broken case by bearing, and the gear six is connected by key On transmission shaft three, the belt wheel two is located at the top of gear six, and is connected by key on transmission shaft three, the V-type band One is mounted on belt wheel one and belt wheel two and forms V belt translation, and there are two second belt drivers, and about transmission shaft one It is symmetrically mounted on broken case comprising belt wheel three, gear seven, V-type band two, transmission shaft four, belt wheel four, transmission shaft five, it is described Transmission shaft five be mounted on broken case by bearing, the gear seven is connected by key on transmission shaft five, and and gear Six intermeshings, the belt wheel three is located at the top of gear seven, and is connected by key on transmission shaft five, the transmission shaft Four are mounted on broken case by bearing, and the belt wheel four is connected by key on transmission shaft four, and the V-type band two is installed V belt translation is formed on belt wheel three and belt wheel four;The rope sheave is four, and is located in rectangular channel, and be connected by key respectively On transmission shaft four;The wirerope is four, and is respectively fixedly connected on rope sheave.
The metal sorting unit includes driving motor six, belt wheel nine, V-type band five, rotation cylinder, belt wheel ten, collects Box three, diversion trench three, the diversion trench three are mounted in upper base plate;The rotation cylinder is mounted on rectangle peace by bearing In loading board, U-shaped groove is offered thereon;The belt wheel ten is connected by key on rotation cylinder;The driving motor six It is bolted in the lower part of upper base plate;The belt wheel nine is connected by key in the shaft of driving motor six;The V Type band five is mounted on belt wheel nine and belt wheel ten and forms V belt translation.
It when using the present apparatus, will be put among the broken case in crushing device at the rubbish of bag first, then control dress The driving motor three set in control driving device operates, to rotate with moving gear three, gear four is meshed with gear three, thus Rotate gear four.Gear four is engaged with the gear five in the first belt driver, starts turning gear five, and gear five passes through The V belt translation as composed by belt wheel one, V-type band one, belt wheel two rotates the gear six being mounted on transmission shaft three, is mounted on the Gear seven in two belt drivers is engaged with gear six, transports the V belt translation as composed by belt wheel three, V-type band two, belt wheel four Turn, so that the rope sheave being mounted on transmission shaft three be made to rotate, then makes the wirerope high speed rotation being mounted on rope sheave, in steel wire Under the action of rope, the refuse bag for wrapping up rubbish is smashed.At this moment so that driving motor three is shut down by control device, make to open and close Driving motor two in mechanism starts Positive work, so that the gear two being mounted in two shaft of driving motor be driven to rotate, leads to The rack gear two being connected on moving stop is crossed, keeps moving stop mobile towards the side of broken case, falls into the rubbish in broken case Onto the conveyer belt one in the first transmitting device, after rubbish is all fallen into, transport driving motor two inversely by control device Turn, and resets moving stop.At this moment so that the magnechuck in concentration equipment is powered by control device, adsorb the gold in rubbish Belong to object, then rotate forward driving motor one, drives the gear one being mounted in one shaft of driving motor to rotate, and pass through The rack gear one being connected on magnechuck stretches out magnechuck towards the direction of diversion trench one, when magnechuck moves to diversion trench When one surface, magnechuck power loss is made by control device, to make the metal garbage being adsorbed on magnechuck It falls in diversion trench one, eventually falls among collection box one.Then make driving motor one reverse under the action of control device Rotation, resets magnechuck.It controls driving motor four to operate, be passed by the band being made of belt wheel five, V-type band three, belt wheel six It is dynamic, the conveyer belt one being mounted on conveyor shaft one is rotated, makes the rubbish on conveyer belt one with the rotation of conveyor shaft one It falls on the conveyer belt two in the first sorting unit, due to being equipped with partition one according to certain spacing on conveyer belt two, from And make scattering of rubbish among each gap, and the length of partition one is larger, prevent the rubbish of some bottles of classes is from sliding, with This driving motor five of control device control simultaneously starts turning, and is passed by the band as composed by belt wheel seven, V-type band four, belt wheel eight It is dynamic to rotate the conveyer belt two being mounted on conveyor shaft two, with the rotation of conveyor shaft two, in conveyer belt two in partition one Rubbish, conveyer belt two end fall.At this moment the air storing cavity work in pneumatic separation device, blows out air-flow by stomata outwardly, When the rubbish lighter weight of whereabouts, rubbish is dropped among diversion trench two, is slid by diversion trench two into collection box two In right collection box, heavier rubbish glides along deflector one, and at this moment the electromagnet in the second sorting unit is powered, absorption rotation Baffle abuts diversion trench three, makes to flock together along one downslide rubbish of deflector.When falling there is no rubbish, at this moment pass through Control device makes driving motor four and driving motor five shut down, and makes seven turns of driving motor in the second sorting unit simultaneously It is dynamic, by the V belt translation being made of belt wheel 11, V-type band six, belt wheel 12, make the conveyer belt three being mounted on conveyor shaft three Operating, is equipped with partition two in conveyer belt three, has certain height, make the rubbish of pericarp etc between partition two, and bottle The rubbish of class is not limited then by partition two, and with the rotation of conveyor shaft three, the rubbish sorted finally falls to water conservancy diversion On plate two, slide among the left collection box into collection box two, when the rubbish on conveyer belt three does not have the rubbish of pericarp etc, Driving motor seven stops operating, electromagnet power loss, and flap shutter resets, and the bottle class rubbish assembled enters sorting metals device In diversion trench three among, when bottle class rubbish drop into rotation cylinder in U-shaped groove among, if when metal bottle, being mounted on U Sensor in type groove issues electric signal, rotates forward driving motor six by control device, rubbish is made to fall to collection The right part again of box three, if insulating material be made into bottle when, be mounted on sensor in U-shaped groove and issue electric signal, pass through Control device rotates backward driving motor six, and rubbish is made to fall to the left part of collection box three.When all bottle class garbage sortings After complete, driving motor six is made to stop working, so far just completes the classification of one bag of rubbish, if to complete the classification of more bags of rubbish, Repeat above step.
The invention has the advantages that the present invention can be used for into the accurate classification processing of all kinds of rubbish such as bag rubbish, there is behaviour Make simple, sorting thoroughly, high-efficient, safety and reliability is higher, and can all kinds of rubbish be carried out with accurate classification, operation letter It is single, alleviate the labour pressure of people.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is general structure schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is partial structural diagram of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of broken case of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of rotation cylinder of the invention.
Specific embodiment
The course of work and expected purpose classified for the rubbish precision for realizing the present invention it is more readily appreciated that tie below Specific implementation and diagram are closed, the present invention is further explained.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of Multi-stage precise garbage classification device, it includes rack 1, concentration equipment 2, broken dress Set the 3, first transmitting device 4, the first sorting unit 5, pneumatic separation device 6, sorting metals device 7, the second sorting unit 8, control dress 9 are set, the rack 1 includes lower seat board 11, upper base plate 12, lower support column 13, rectangular mounting plate 14, upper support column 15, described Lower support column 13 be four, be bolted respectively on lower 11 top of seat board, the upper support column 15 is two, respectively It is bolted on the top of upper base plate 12, the rectangular mounting plate 14 is two, is bolted respectively at the seat of honour The lower part of plate 12;The concentration equipment 2 is bolted on upper support column 15;The crushing device 3 is mounted on magnetic The top of screening device 2;First transmitting device 4 is located at the lower section of concentration equipment 2;First sorting unit 5 installation In the top of upper base plate 12;The pneumatic separation device 6 is located at the end of the first sorting unit 5;The sorting metals device 7 is pacified Mounted in the lower section of upper base plate 12;Second sorting unit 8 is located at the lower part of the first sorting unit 5, is bolted On upper base plate 12;The control device 9 is bolted on lower seat board 11;
As shown in Figure 1, affiliated concentration equipment 2 includes collection box 1, diversion trench 1, magnechuck 23, driving electricity Machine 1, rack gear 1, gear 1, the collection box 1 are bolted on lower seat board 11;The driving Motor 1 is bolted on upper support column 15;The gear 1 is connected by key to be turned in driving motor 1 On axis;The rack gear 1 is connected on magnechuck 23;The magnechuck 23 is mounted on upper support column 15, and with Upper support column 15 forms prismatic pair;One end of the diversion trench 1 is bolted on upper support column 15, the other end Positioned at the top of collection box 1;
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, first transmitting device 4 includes conveyer belt 1, conveyor shaft 1, belt wheel five 43, V-type band 3 44, driving motor 4 45, belt wheel 6 46, bracket 1, the bracket 1 are two, are bolted In the top of upper base plate 12;The conveyor shaft 1 is two, and one of conveyor shaft 1 is mounted on by bearing On bracket 1, another conveyor shaft 1 is mounted on the upper support column 15 in left side by bearing;The conveyer belt one 41 are mounted on conveyor shaft 1;The belt wheel 5 43 is connected by key on the conveyor shaft 1 on right side;Described Driving motor 4 45 is bolted in the lower section of upper base plate 12;The belt wheel 6 46 is connected by key in driving motor four In 45 shaft;The V-type band 3 44 is mounted on belt wheel 5 43 and belt wheel 6 46 and forms V belt translation;
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, first sorting unit 5 includes conveyer belt 2 51, auxiliary stand 52, driving motor 5 53, belt wheel 7 54, V-type band 4 55, belt wheel 8 56, bracket 2 57, conveyor shaft 2 58, the auxiliary stand 52 are two It is a, and it is located at the outside of conveyer belt 2 51, and be bolted respectively in the top of upper base plate 12;The bracket 2 57 is Two, and be bolted respectively in the top of upper base plate 12;The conveyor shaft 2 58 is two, one of transmission Tape spool 2 58 is mounted on bracket 2 57 by bearing, another conveyor shaft 2 58 is mounted on right side upper support column by bearing On 15;The conveyer belt 2 51 is mounted on two conveyor shafts 2 58, and partition 1 is equipped on conveyer belt 2 51; The driving motor 5 53 is bolted in the top of upper base plate 12;The belt wheel 7 54, which is connected by key, to be driven In the shaft of motor 5 53;The belt wheel 8 56 is connected by key on left side conveyor shaft 2 58;The V-type band 4 55 It is mounted on belt wheel 7 54 and belt wheel 8 56 and forms V belt translation;
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the pneumatic separation device 6 includes air storing cavity 61, deflector 1, diversion trench 2 63, bracket 3 64, collection box 2 65, the air storing cavity 61 are bolted in the upper end of bracket 2 57;The bracket 3 64 is two It is a, and be bolted respectively in the top of upper base plate 12;The deflector 1 is located at the left side of bracket 3 64, and leads to It crosses and is bolted on bracket 3 64;The diversion trench 2 63 is located at the right side of bracket 3 64, and is bolted and is propping up On frame 3 64;The collection box 2 65 is located at the lower end of diversion trench 2 63, and is bolted on lower support column 13, Including left collection box 652, right collection box 651;
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, second sorting unit 8 includes power device 81, bracket 4 82, electromagnet 83, turns Dynamic baffle 84, bracket 5 85, conveyer belt 3 86, conveyor shaft 3 87, deflector 2 88, the bracket 4 82 are two, and It is bolted on upper base plate 12 respectively;The electromagnet 83 is connected by screw between two brackets 4 82;Institute The flap shutter 84 stated is mounted between two brackets 4 82, and forms revolute pair with bracket 4 82;The bracket 5 85 is Two, and be bolted on upper base plate 12 respectively;The conveyor shaft 3 87 is two, one of conveyor shaft 3 87 are connected on bracket 4 82 by bearing, another conveyor shaft 3 87 is mounted on bracket 5 85 by bearing;It is described Conveyer belt 3 86 be separately mounted on two conveyor shafts 3 87, and partition 2 861 is installed thereon;The deflector 2 88 are located at the right end of conveyer belt 3 86, are bolted on bracket 3 64;The power device 81 includes driving electricity Machine 7 811, belt wheel 11, V-type band 6 813, belt wheel 12, the driving motor 7 811 are bolted On upper base plate 12, the belt wheel 11 is connected by key in the shaft of driving motor 7 811, the belt wheel 12 814 are connected by key on conveyor shaft 3 87, and the belt wheel 11 is mounted on belt wheel 11 and belt wheel 12 Upper formation V belt translation.
As shown in figures 1 and 3, the crushing device 3 includes broken case 31, open-and-close mechanism 32, arc cavity 33, driving Device 34, rope sheave 35, wirerope 36, the broken case 31 include half circular track 311, rectangular channel 312, the semicircle Guide rail 311 is located at the bottom of broken case 31, and there are four the rectangular channels 312, and is provided on two faces of broken case 31;Institute The open-and-close mechanism 32 stated includes moving stop 321, driving motor 2 322, gear 2 323, rack gear 2 324, the mobile gear Plate 321 is mounted on the bottom of broken case 31, forms prismatic pair with half circular track 311, the gear 2 323 is connected in movement The side of baffle 321, the driving motor 2 322 are bolted on broken case 31, and the gear 2 323 passes through Key connection forms rack pinion in the shaft of driving motor 2 322, and with rack gear 2 324;The arc cavity 33 It is four, and is bolted on corresponding rectangular channel 312 respectively;The driving device 34 includes driving motor three 341, gear 3 342, gear 4 343, transmission shaft 1, the first belt driver 345, the second belt driver 346, it is described Driving motor 3 341 be bolted in the side of broken case 31, the gear 3 342 is connected by key in driving electricity In the shaft of machine 3 341, the transmission shaft 1 is mounted on broken case 31 by bearing, and the gear 4 343 passes through Key connection is intermeshed on transmission shaft 1, and with gear 3 342, and there are two first belt drivers 345, and Be symmetrically mounted on broken case 31 about transmission shaft 1 comprising gear 5 3451, transmission shaft 2 3452, belt wheel 1, V-type band 1, gear 6 3455, belt wheel 2 3456, transmission shaft 3 3457, the transmission shaft 2 3452 are installed by bearing At the middle part of broken case 31, the gear 5 3451 is connected by key on transmission shaft 2 3452, the belt wheel 1 It positioned at the top of gear 5 3451, and is connected by key on transmission shaft 2 3452, the transmission shaft 3 3457 passes through bearing It is mounted on the right part of broken case 31, the gear 6 3455 is connected by key on transmission shaft 3 3457, the belt wheel two 3456 are located at the top of gear 6 3455, and are connected by key on transmission shaft 3 3457, and the V-type band 1 is mounted on V belt translation is formed on belt wheel 1 and belt wheel 2 3456, there are two second belt drivers 346, and about transmission shaft One 344 are symmetrically mounted on broken case 31 comprising belt wheel 3 3461, gear 7 3462, V-type band 2 3463, transmission shaft four 3464, belt wheel 4 3465, transmission shaft 5 3466, the transmission shaft 5 3466 is mounted on broken case 31 by bearing, described Gear 7 3462 be connected by key on transmission shaft 5 3466, and with gear 6 3455 be intermeshed, the belt wheel three 3461 are located at the top of gear 7 3462, and are connected by key on transmission shaft 5 3466, and the transmission shaft 4 3464 passes through Bearing is mounted on broken case 31, and the belt wheel 4 3465 is connected by key on transmission shaft 4 3464, the V-type band two 3463 are mounted on belt wheel 3 3461 and belt wheel 4 3465 and form V belt translation;The rope sheave 35 is four, and is located at rectangular channel In 312, and it is connected by key on transmission shaft 4 3464 respectively;The wirerope 36 is four, and is respectively fixedly connected in rope sheave On 35.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 4, the sorting metals device 7 includes driving motor 6 71, belt wheel 9 72, V-type band 5 73, cylinder 74, belt wheel 10, collection box 3 76, diversion trench 3 77 are rotated, the diversion trench 3 77 is mounted on upper base plate 12 In;The rotation cylinder 74 is mounted on rectangular mounting plate 14 by bearing, offers U-shaped groove 741 thereon;The band 10 are taken turns to be connected by key on rotation cylinder 74;The driving motor 6 71 is bolted under upper base plate 12 Portion;The belt wheel 9 72 is connected by key in the shaft of driving motor 6 71;The V-type band 5 73 is mounted on belt wheel nine 72 and belt wheel 10 on form V belt translation.
When using the present apparatus, it will be put among the broken case 31 in crushing device 3 at the rubbish of bag, then control first Device 9 controls the driving motor 3 341 in driving device 34 and operates, to rotate with moving gear 3 342, gear 4 343 and tooth It takes turns 3 342 to be meshed, so that gear 4 343 be made to rotate.Gear 5 3451 in gear 4 343 and the first belt driver 345 Engagement, starts turning gear 5 3451, gear 5 3451 passes through by belt wheel 1, V-type band 1,2 3456 institute of belt wheel The V belt translation of composition rotates the gear 6 3455 being mounted on transmission shaft 3 3457, is mounted in the second belt driver 346 Gear 7 3462 engaged with gear 6 3455, make the band as composed by belt wheel 3 3461, V-type band 2 3463, belt wheel 4 3465 Transmission operating then makes the wirerope being mounted on rope sheave 35 so that the rope sheave 35 being mounted on transmission shaft 4 3464 be made to rotate 36 high speed rotations smash the refuse bag for wrapping up rubbish under the action of wirerope 36.At this moment make to drive by control device 9 Motor 3 341 shuts down, and the driving motor 2 322 in open-and-close mechanism 32 is made to start Positive work, is mounted on drive to drive Gear 2 323 in dynamic 2 322 shaft of motor rotates, and by the rack gear 2 324 being connected on moving stop 321, makes mobile gear Plate 321 is mobile towards the side of broken case 31, and the rubbish in broken case 31 is made to fall to the conveyer belt 1 in the first transmitting device 4 On, after rubbish is all fallen into, 2 322 reversed operation of driving motor is made by control device 9, and reset moving stop 321. At this moment so that the magnechuck 23 in concentration equipment 2 is powered by control device 9, adsorb the metal object in rubbish, then make to drive Dynamic motor 1 rotates forward, and drives the gear 1 being mounted in one 24 shaft of driving motor to rotate, and by being connected in electricity Rack gear 1 on magnetic-disc 23 stretches out magnechuck 23 towards the direction of diversion trench 1, when magnechuck 23 moves to water conservancy diversion When the surface of slot 1,23 power loss of magnechuck is made by control device 9, to make to be adsorbed on magnechuck 23 Metal garbage is fallen in diversion trench 1, is eventually fallen among collection box 1.Then make to drive under the action of control device 9 Dynamic one 24 backwards rotation of motor, resets magnechuck 23.It controls driving motor 4 45 to operate, by by belt wheel 5 43, V-type band 3 44, the V belt translation that belt wheel 6 46 forms rotates the conveyer belt 1 being mounted on conveyor shaft 1, makes conveyer belt 1 On rubbish fall on the conveyer belt 2 51 in the first sorting unit 5 with the rotation of conveyor shaft 1, due to conveyer belt Partition 1 is installed according to certain spacing on 2 51, to make scattering of rubbish among each gap, and partition one 511 length is larger, prevent the rubbish of some bottles of classes, from sliding, control device 9 controls driving motor 5 53 and opens at the same time Begin to rotate, makes to be mounted on conveyor shaft 2 58 by the V belt translation as composed by belt wheel 7 54, V-type band 4 55, belt wheel 8 56 Conveyer belt 2 51 rotate, with the rotation of conveyor shaft 2 58, rubbish in conveyer belt 2 51 in partition 1 is being transmitted End with 2 51 falls.At this moment the air storing cavity 61 in pneumatic separation device 6 works, and air-flow is blown out outwardly by stomata, when whereabouts When rubbish lighter weight, rubbish is dropped among diversion trench 2 63, slides the right side into collection box 2 65 by diversion trench 2 63 In collection box, heavier rubbish glides along deflector 1, and at this moment the electromagnet 83 in the second sorting unit 8 is powered, absorption Flap shutter 84 abuts diversion trench 3 77, makes to flock together along one 62 downslide rubbish of deflector.When there is no rubbish to fall When, at this moment so that driving motor 4 45 and driving motor 5 53 is shut down by control device 9, and make the second sorting unit simultaneously Driving motor 7 811 in 8 rotates, by the V belt translation being made of belt wheel 11, V-type band 6 813, belt wheel 12, The conveyer belt 3 86 being mounted on conveyor shaft 3 87 is operated, partition 2 861 is installed in conveyer belt 3 86, is had certain Highly, make the rubbish of pericarp etc between partition 2 861, and the rubbish of bottle class is not limited then by partition 2 861, with biography The rotation of supply roll 3 87, the rubbish sorted are finally fallen on deflector 2 88, slide the left side into collection box 2 65 Among collection box 652, when the rubbish on conveyer belt 3 86 does not have the rubbish of pericarp etc, driving motor 7 811 stops operating, 83 power loss of electromagnet, flap shutter 84 reset, and the bottle class rubbish assembled enters the diversion trench 3 77 in sorting metals device 7 Among, when bottle class rubbish drops among the U-shaped groove 741 in rotation cylinder 74, if when metal bottle, being mounted on U-shaped groove Sensor in 741 issues electric signal, rotates forward driving motor 6 71 by control device 9, rubbish is made to fall to collection The right part again of box 3 76, if insulating material be made into bottle when, be mounted on sensor in U-shaped groove 741 and issue electric signal, Driving motor 6 71 is rotated backward by control device 9, rubbish is made to fall to the left part of collection box 3 76.When all bottle classes After garbage sorting is complete, driving motor 6 71 is made to stop working, the classification of one bag of rubbish is so far just completed, if to complete more bags of rubbish The classification of rubbish repeats above step.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of Multi-stage precise garbage classification device, it is characterised in that: including rack, concentration equipment, crushing device, the first transmission Device, the first sorting unit, pneumatic separation device, sorting metals device, the second sorting unit, control device, the rack include Lower seat board, upper base plate, lower support column, rectangular mounting plate, upper support column, the lower support column are four, pass through bolt respectively It is connected to lower seat board top, the upper support column is two, is bolted respectively in the top of upper base plate, the square Shape mounting plate is two, is bolted respectively in the lower part of upper base plate;The concentration equipment is bolted upper On support column;The crushing device is mounted on the top of concentration equipment;First transmitting device is located at concentration equipment Lower section;First sorting unit is mounted on the top of upper base plate;The pneumatic separation device is located at the end of the first sorting unit End;The sorting metals device is mounted on the lower section of upper base plate;Second sorting unit is located at the first sorting unit Lower part is bolted on upper base plate;The control device is bolted on lower seat board;
The concentration equipment includes collection box one, diversion trench one, magnechuck, driving motor one, rack gear one, gear one, institute The collection box one stated is bolted on lower seat board;The driving motor one is bolted on upper support column; The gear one is connected by key in the shaft of driving motor one;The rack gear one is connected on magnechuck, and with Gear one engages;The magnechuck is mounted on upper support column, and forms prismatic pair with upper support column;The diversion trench One one end is bolted on upper support column, and the other end is located at the top of collection box one;
First transmitting device includes conveyer belt one, conveyor shaft one, belt wheel five, V-type band three, driving motor four, belt wheel Six, bracket one, the bracket one is two, is bolted in the top of upper base plate;The conveyor shaft one is two A, one of conveyor shaft one is mounted on bracket one by bearing, another conveyor shaft one is mounted on a left side by bearing On the upper support column of side;The conveyer belt one is mounted on conveyor shaft one;The belt wheel five is connected by key on right side Conveyor shaft one on;The driving motor four is by being bolted to the lower section of upper base plate;The belt wheel six passes through key It is connected in the shaft of driving motor four;The V-type band three is mounted on belt wheel five and belt wheel six and forms V belt translation;
First sorting unit include conveyer belt two, auxiliary stand, driving motor five, belt wheel seven, V-type band four, belt wheel eight, Bracket two, conveyor shaft two, the auxiliary stand is two, and is located at the outside of conveyer belt two, and is connected respectively by bolt It connects in the top of upper base plate;The bracket two is two, and is bolted respectively in the top of upper base plate;The biography Supply roll two is two, and one of conveyor shaft two is mounted on bracket two by bearing, another conveyor shaft two passes through Bearing is mounted on the upper support column of right side;The conveyer belt two is mounted on two conveyor shafts two, is pacified on conveyer belt two Equipped with partition one;The driving motor five is bolted in the top of upper base plate;The belt wheel seven is connected by key In the shaft of driving motor five;The belt wheel eight is connected by key on left side conveyor shaft two;The V-type band four is pacified V belt translation is formed on belt wheel seven and belt wheel eight;
The pneumatic separation device includes air storing cavity, deflector one, diversion trench two, bracket three, collection box two, and the air storing cavity is logical Cross the upper end for being bolted to bracket two;The bracket three is two, and is bolted respectively in the top of upper base plate; The deflector one is located at the left side of bracket three, and is bolted on bracket three;The diversion trench two is located at branch The right side of frame three, and be bolted on bracket three;The collection box two is located at the lower end of diversion trench two, and passes through spiral shell Bolt is connected on lower support column comprising left collection box, right collection box;
Second sorting unit includes power device, bracket four, electromagnet, flap shutter, bracket five, conveyer belt three, passes Supply roll three, deflector two, the bracket four is two, and is bolted on upper base plate respectively;The electromagnetism Tie Tong crosses screw and is connected between two brackets four;The flap shutter is mounted between two brackets four, and with bracket four Form revolute pair;The bracket five is two, and is bolted on upper base plate respectively;The conveyor shaft three is Two, one of conveyor shaft three is connected on bracket four by bearing, another conveyor shaft three is mounted on by bearing On bracket five;The conveyer belt three is separately mounted on two conveyor shafts three, and is equipped with partition two thereon;Described Deflector two is located at the right end of conveyer belt three, is bolted on bracket three;The power device includes driving motor Seven, belt wheel 11, V-type band six, belt wheel 12, the driving motor seven are bolted on upper base plate, the band 11 to be taken turns to be connected by key in the shaft of driving motor seven, the belt wheel 12 is connected by key on conveyor shaft three, The belt wheel 11 is mounted on belt wheel 11 and belt wheel 12 and forms V belt translation.
2. a kind of Multi-stage precise garbage classification device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the crushing device packet Broken case, open-and-close mechanism, arc cavity, driving device, rope sheave, wirerope are included, the broken case includes half circular track, square Shape slot, the half circular track are located at the bottom of broken case, and there are four the rectangular channels, and is provided with two of broken case On face;The open-and-close mechanism includes moving stop, driving motor two, gear two, rack gear two, and the moving stop is mounted on The bottom of broken case forms prismatic pair with half circular track, and the gear two is connected in the side of moving stop, the drive Motor two is moved by being bolted on broken case, the gear two is connected by key in the shaft of driving motor two, and Rack pinion is formed with rack gear two;The arc cavity is four, and is bolted respectively in corresponding square On shape slot;The driving device includes driving motor three, gear three, gear four, transmission shaft one, the first belt driver, Two belt drivers, the driving motor three pass through key and connect by being bolted to the side of broken case, the gear three It connects in the shaft of driving motor three, the transmission shaft one is mounted on broken case by bearing, and the gear four passes through Key connection is intermeshed on transmission shaft one, and with gear three, and there are two first belt drivers, and about transmission shaft One is symmetrically mounted on broken case comprising gear five, transmission shaft two, belt wheel one, V-type band one, gear six, belt wheel two, transmission Axis three, the transmission shaft two are mounted on the middle part of broken case by bearing, and the gear five is connected by key in transmission shaft On two, the belt wheel one is located at the top of gear five, and is connected by key on transmission shaft two, and the transmission shaft three passes through Bearing is mounted on the right part of broken case, and the gear six is connected by key on transmission shaft three, and the belt wheel two is located at tooth The top of wheel six, and be connected by key on transmission shaft three, the V-type band one is mounted on belt wheel one and belt wheel two and forms band Transmission, there are two second belt drivers, and is symmetrically mounted on broken case about transmission shaft one comprising belt wheel Three, gear seven, V-type band two, transmission shaft four, belt wheel four, transmission shaft five, the transmission shaft five are mounted on broken case by bearing On, the gear seven is connected by key on transmission shaft five, and is intermeshed with gear six, and the belt wheel three is located at gear Seven top, and be connected by key on transmission shaft five, the transmission shaft four is mounted on broken case by bearing, described Belt wheel four is connected by key on transmission shaft four, and the V-type band two is mounted on belt wheel three and belt wheel four and forms V belt translation;Institute The rope sheave stated is four, and is located in rectangular channel, and be connected by key on transmission shaft four respectively;The wirerope is four It is a, and be respectively fixedly connected on rope sheave.
3. a kind of Multi-stage precise garbage classification device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: metal sorting unit includes Driving motor six, belt wheel nine, V-type band five, rotation cylinder, belt wheel ten, collection box three, diversion trench three, the diversion trench three are pacified In upper base plate;The rotation cylinder is mounted on rectangular mounting plate by bearing, offers U-shaped groove thereon;It is described Belt wheel ten be connected by key rotation cylinder on;The driving motor six is bolted in the lower part of upper base plate;Institute The belt wheel nine stated is connected by key in the shaft of driving motor six;The V-type band five is mounted on belt wheel nine and belt wheel ten Form V belt translation.
CN201710348013.1A 2017-05-17 2017-05-17 A kind of Multi-stage precise garbage classification device Active CN107225143B (en)

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CN107617629B (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-08-10 合肥科盟信息技术有限公司 The refuse disposal installation of magnetic rubbish can be detached
CN108015094A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-05-11 张乾 Building waste sorter
CN108294708B (en) * 2018-01-24 2020-09-15 巢湖学院 Dining room rubbish clearance and sorter
CN108284116B (en) * 2018-01-24 2020-11-03 巢湖学院 Adjustable bottle class waste classification device
CN108452945B (en) * 2018-03-28 2019-09-27 唐山海港港兴城市建设维护有限公司 A kind of high-efficiency refuse screening structure
CN109877137B (en) * 2019-02-25 2021-03-30 福建江海苑园林工程有限公司 Garbage collection and recycling device for municipal administration
CN110404630B (en) * 2019-07-31 2021-01-22 深圳市深传互动科技有限公司 Categorised recovery unit of domestic waste
CN110606596B (en) * 2019-09-02 2021-02-05 宁夏环保集团有限责任公司 A high-efficient sewage treatment plant for domestic waste

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KR20140137766A (en) * 2013-05-23 2014-12-03 주식회사 리텍 The foreign material sorting apparatus which is contained in construction waste
CN104874582A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-09-02 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Household garbage crushing sorting system

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CN2491139Y (en) * 2001-06-06 2002-05-15 顾家华 Life garbage integrated treatment set
CN2765690Y (en) * 2004-11-01 2006-03-22 杨俊山 Garbage comprehensive treatment device
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KR20140137766A (en) * 2013-05-23 2014-12-03 주식회사 리텍 The foreign material sorting apparatus which is contained in construction waste
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