CN109794495B - Automatic household garbage sorting device - Google Patents

Automatic household garbage sorting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109794495B
CN109794495B CN201910159913.0A CN201910159913A CN109794495B CN 109794495 B CN109794495 B CN 109794495B CN 201910159913 A CN201910159913 A CN 201910159913A CN 109794495 B CN109794495 B CN 109794495B
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sifter
garbage
crushing
separating
iii
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CN109794495A (en
Inventor
程敢
路阳
张传祥
张梦妮
韩明君
李斌斌
赵诗宇
朱会敏
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Henan University of Technology
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Henan University of Technology
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Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic household garbage sorting device, which relates to the technical field of garbage treatment and comprises a treatment box, wherein a collecting region, a crushing region and a separating region are sequentially arranged in the treatment box from top to bottom. The collecting region bottom is installed from telescopic weighing system, is equipped with the filtration separation system who is located broken system bottom in the disengagement zone, and filtration separation system bottom is equipped with the fluid-discharge tube that extends to the treatment case outside, installs the flowing back valve on the fluid-discharge tube. According to the household garbage crushing device, household garbage is crushed sequentially through the bag breaking system and the shearing type crushing system, and the primary crushing effect of the household garbage is achieved. The garbage after being refined is rapidly separated according to specific gravity and state through the filtering and separating system, and finally the garbage is screened and classified through the screen surface I, the screen surface II and the screen surface III which are arranged in the recovery area, so that the classified recovery effect of the garbage is realized. The device handles domestic waste from the source, and refuse treatment efficiency is higher.

Description

Automatic household garbage sorting device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of garbage treatment, in particular to an automatic household garbage sorting device.
Background
The mode of collecting domestic waste at present is urban domestic waste and produces the back, collects through arranging the collection container everywhere, generally adopts the resident to put in modes such as collection and collection of visiting, and collection container has dustbin, refuse collection station, refuse collection pipeline, collection vehicle etc.. A better mode for doing in the countryside is 'household recovery-village collection-town transfer-city treatment', but the mode still has the problems of long transportation distance, difficult loading and unloading and the like. Meanwhile, the contradiction between insufficient treatment capacity and fast-increasing production is remarkable, the structure of the garbage treatment process still needs to be further optimized, the problem of secondary pollution generated by garbage treatment is prominent, the garbage reduction and classification work still needs to be further enhanced, the guarantee measures of garbage treatment facilities are not smooth, and the problems all set up a barrier for building a resource-saving and environment-friendly society. Therefore, the proposal of classifying and processing the garbage at the source is eagerly and necessary.
The existing domestic garbage treatment mainly adopts unified collection and then sends the domestic garbage to a garbage yard for centralized treatment, the domestic garbage is simply classified at the source, a series of problems of mixing of recoverable garbage and non-recoverable garbage, open stacking and the like exist, and the domestic garbage is not treated at the source.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an automatic household garbage sorting device to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a domestic waste automatic separation device, is fixed with the case lid including handling the case, handles the sealed pan feeding mouth that is equipped with in case lid, its characterized in that, collecting region, crushing district and the disengagement zone that sets gradually about handling the incasement, collecting region bottom is installed from telescopic weighing system, is equipped with broken bag system and the broken system of shear type that is located from telescopic weighing system bottom from top to bottom in the crushing district in proper order, handle the outer fixed mounting of case and with from telescopic weighing system control connection's control system, be equipped with the filtration separation system who is located broken system bottom in the disengagement zone, the filtration separation system bottom is equipped with the fluid-discharge tube that extends to handling the case outside, installs the flowing back valve on the fluid-discharge tube.
As a modified scheme of the invention: the treatment incasement is equipped with the recovery area that is located the disengagement zone below, and top-down movable mounting has sifter I, sifter II and sifter III in proper order in the recovery area, and sifter I, sifter II and sifter III's sieve mesh diameter reduces in proper order.
As a modified scheme of the invention: sifter I, sifter II and sifter III slope setting, and bin outlet I, bin outlet II, bin outlet III and bin outlet IV have respectively been seted up to the low end department that handles case lateral wall and be located sifter I, sifter II and sifter III, and sifter III bottom is equipped with the sieve tray board.
As a modified scheme of the invention: the self-telescopic weighing system comprises a pair of telescopic plates which are arranged in a telescopic mode.
As a modified scheme of the invention: broken bag system includes the rotation axis that the rotary type set up, and fixed mounting has the alternately sharp sword that sets up of a plurality of on the rotation axis, and each sharp sword is different in size.
As a modified scheme of the invention: a plurality of pairs of opposite sawtooth blades I and sawtooth blades II are arranged in the shear type crushing system in a swinging mode, and the swinging directions of the sawtooth blades I and the sawtooth blades II are opposite.
As a modified scheme of the invention: the rotary type of the filtering and separating system is installed in the treatment box, the filtering and separating system comprises a dewatering part and a separating part, the dewatering part is connected with a vacuum negative pressure source, the lower edge of the separating part is provided with a scraper blade which is downwards inclined, and the side wall of the treatment box is provided with a light product outlet which is positioned above the scraper blade.
As a modified scheme of the invention: the control system is in control connection with the bag breaking system, the shear type crushing system and the filtering and separating system.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
according to the invention, household garbage is crushed sequentially through the bag breaking system and the shearing type crushing system, so that the primary crushing of the household garbage is realized, the refined garbage is quickly separated according to specific gravity and state through the arranged filtering and separating system, and finally the garbage is screened and classified through the screen surface I, the screen surface II and the screen surface III which are arranged in the recovery area, so that the classified recovery effect of the garbage is realized. This whole device is handled domestic waste from the source, and refuse treatment efficiency is higher.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the retractable plate of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of serrated blades I and II according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the filtration and separation system of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of a screen surface I in the present invention.
In the figure: 1-box cover, 2-collecting region, 3-crushing region, 4-separating region, 5-recovery region, 6-discharge opening I, 7-discharge opening II, 8-discharge opening III, 9-discharge opening IV, 10-feeding opening, 11-self-telescopic weighing system, 12-bag breaking system, 13-shearing type crushing system, 14-control system, 15-filtering separation system, 16-light product outlet, 17-scraper, 18-sieve surface I, 19-sieve surface II, 20-sieve surface III, 21-sieve bottom plate, 22-liquid discharge valve, 23-liquid discharge pipe, 24-telescopic plate, 25-sharp knife, 26-serrated blade I, 27-serrated blade II, 28-dehydration part and 29-separating part.
Detailed Description
The technical scheme of the patent is further described in detail by combining the following specific embodiments:
example 1
Referring to fig. 1-6, an automatic sorting device for domestic garbage comprises a processing box, a box cover 1 is hermetically fixed on the top of the processing box, a material inlet 10 is arranged on the box cover 1, and domestic garbage can be injected into the processing box through the material inlet 10 for garbage processing.
Collecting region 2, crushing district 3 and disengagement zone 4 that set gradually about handling the incasement, install from telescopic weighing system 11 collecting region 2 bottom, crushing district 3 is equipped with in proper order from bag breaking system 12 and the broken system 13 of shear type that is located from telescopic weighing system 11 bottom about being equipped with in proper order. Get into the domestic waste of handling incasement and keep in collecting region 2 earlier, handle the outer fixed mounting of case and with from telescopic weighing system 11 control connection's control system 14, weigh domestic waste from telescopic weighing system 11, when weight reaches the setting value, come control telescopic weighing system 11 through control system 14 and pour into domestic waste in collecting region 2 into crushing district 3, smash broken bag system 12 and the broken system 13 of shear type in the district 3 and carry out the breakage to domestic waste in proper order and refine.
The separation area 4 is internally provided with a filtering and separating system 15 positioned at the bottom of the crushing system 13, the bottom of the filtering and separating system 15 is provided with a liquid discharge pipe 23 extending to the outside of the treatment box, and the liquid discharge pipe 23 is provided with a liquid discharge valve 22. The crushed and refined household garbage falls into the separation area 4 and is subjected to the separation action of the filtering and separating system 15, the filtering and separating system 15 is used for separating the household garbage with different specific gravities, meanwhile, the liquid part in the household garbage can be conveyed along the liquid discharge pipe 23, and the liquid part can be discharged out of the treatment tank by opening the liquid discharge valve 22.
In order to facilitate the screening separation and collection of the garbage, a recovery area 5 positioned below the separation area 4 is arranged in the treatment box, a screen surface I18, a screen surface II19 and a screen surface III20 are movably arranged in the recovery area 5 from top to bottom in sequence, and the screen hole diameters of the screen surface I18, the screen surface II19 and the screen surface III20 are reduced in sequence. The screen surface I18, the screen surface II19 and the screen surface III20 are obliquely arranged, the inclination angle of the screen surface I18, the screen surface II19 and the screen surface III20 with the horizontal plane is preferably 15-20 degrees, and the side wall of the treatment box is respectively provided with a discharge opening I6, a discharge opening II7, a discharge opening III8 and a discharge opening IV9 at the lower ends of the screen surface I18, the screen surface II19 and the screen surface III 20.
The solid garbage with large specific gravity separated by the filtering and separating system 15 falls into the recovery area 5, the garbage is separated by screening through a screen surface I18, a screen surface II19 and a screen surface III20 in sequence, a discharge opening I6, a discharge opening II7, a discharge opening III8 and a discharge opening IV9 are arranged and used for conveying the screened garbage and discharging the garbage out of the processing box, and collecting boxes can be placed at the positions of the discharge openings for collection.
Example 2
On embodiment 1's basis, in addition, including a pair of flexible expansion plate 24 that sets up from telescopic weighing system 11, control by control system 14 from telescopic weighing system 11, expansion plate 24 can be driven by the electric telescopic handle who is connected with control system 14 electric control and stretch out and draw back, is used for sealing the 2 bottoms in collecting region when two expansion plate 24 butts, and when rubbish reached certain weight, the whereabouts of rubbish was realized in two expansion plate 24 separations.
Broken bag system 12 includes the rotation axis that the rotary type set up, and fixed mounting has the crisscross sharp sword 25 that sets up of a plurality of on the rotation axis, and each sharp sword 25 differs in length, and the rotation axis can be driven by driving motor and rotate, and then realizes that the rotation axis drives the rotation of sharp sword 25 and carries out rotatory breakage to rubbish, and a plurality of sharp sword 25 differ in length, has promoted the abundant contact of sharp sword 25 with rubbish, has promoted rubbish crushing effect greatly.
In addition, a plurality of pairs of oppositely arranged sawtooth blades I26 and II27 are arranged in the shear type crushing system 13 in a swinging mode, the swinging directions of the sawtooth blades I26 and II27 are opposite, garbage crushed by the bag breaking system 12 falls into the shear type crushing system 13 for further crushing, the sawtooth blades I26 and II27 alternately swing oppositely and reversely, the shear type crushing effect on the garbage is achieved, and the crushing degree of the garbage is greatly improved. The control system 14 is in control connection with the bag breaking system 12, the shearing type crushing system 13 and the filtering and separating system 15, so that the whole garbage treatment process can be controlled in time.
The filtering and separating system 15 in the device is rotatably arranged in the treatment box, the filtering and separating system 15 comprises a dewatering part 28 and a separating part 29, the dewatering part 28 is connected with a vacuum negative pressure source for dewatering treatment of garbage, the pressure value of the vacuum negative pressure source is preferably-0.04 MPa to-0.07 MPa, the lower edge of the separating part 29 is provided with a scraper 17 which is arranged downwards in a downward inclination mode, the inclination angle of the scraper 17 and the horizontal plane is 60-80 degrees, light materials are discharged out of the treatment box through a light product outlet 16, heavy materials directly drop onto a screen surface I18, and then a screen surface I18, a screen surface II19 and a screen surface III20 in the recovery area 5 are used for screening the heavy materials.
In conclusion, the household garbage treatment device provided by the invention can crush the household garbage sequentially through the bag breaking system 12 and the shearing type crushing system 13 to realize a primary crushing effect of the household garbage, can rapidly separate the refined garbage according to specific gravity and state through the arranged filtering and separating system 15, and can screen and classify the garbage through the screen surface I18, the screen surface II19 and the screen surface III20 arranged in the recovery area 5 to realize a classification and recovery effect of the garbage.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein.
It should be noted that, although the present specification describes embodiments, each embodiment does not include only a single technical solution, and such description of the specification is only for clarity, and those skilled in the art should take the specification as a whole, and the technical solutions in the embodiments may be appropriately combined to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art, and the above-mentioned embodiments only express the preferred embodiments of the technical solutions, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but should not be construed as limiting the scope of the claims of the technical solutions. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, various changes, modifications and substitutions can be made without departing from the spirit of the present invention, and these changes and substitutions belong to the protection scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present technical solution patent should be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (4)

1. The automatic domestic garbage sorting device comprises a processing box, wherein a box cover (1) is fixed on the top of the processing box in a sealing manner, a feeding port (10) is formed in the box cover (1), and the automatic domestic garbage sorting device is characterized in that a collecting region (2), a crushing region (3) and a separating region (4) are sequentially arranged in the processing box from top to bottom, a self-telescopic weighing system (11) is installed at the bottom of the collecting region (2), a bag breaking system (12) and a shear type crushing system (13) which are located at the bottom of the self-telescopic weighing system (11) are sequentially arranged in the crushing region (3) from top to bottom, a control system (14) which is in control connection with the self-telescopic weighing system (11) is fixedly installed outside the processing box, a filtering and separating system (15) which is located at the bottom of the shear type crushing system (13) is arranged in the separating region (4), and a liquid discharge pipe (23) which extends to the outside of the processing box is arranged at the bottom of the filtering and separating system (15), install flowing back valve (22) on fluid-discharge tube (23), filtration separation system (15) rotary type is installed in handling the case, filtration separation system (15) is used for separating the domestic waste of proportion difference, filtration separation system (15) includes dehydration portion (28) and separation portion (29), dehydration portion (28) are connected with vacuum negative pressure source, scraper blade (17) that the downward sloping set up are installed to separation portion (29) lower limb, handle the case lateral wall and set up light product export (16) that are located scraper blade (17) top, control system (14) and broken bag system (12), shearing type crushing system (13) and filtration separation system (15) all control connection, be equipped with recovery area (5) that are located disengagement zone (4) below in handling the case, top-down movable mounting has sifter face I (18), sifter face II (19) and sifter face III (20) in proper order in recovery area (5), the sieve mesh diameter of sifter I (18), sifter II (19) and sifter III (20) reduces in proper order, sifter I (18), sifter II (19) and sifter III (20) slope set up, it is located sifter I (18) to handle the case lateral wall, bin outlet I (6) have been seted up respectively to the low end punishment of sifter II (19) and sifter III (20), bin outlet II (7), bin outlet III (8), sifter III (20) lower part is equipped with sieve tray (21), it has seted up bin outlet IV (9) to handle the case lateral wall low end department that is located sieve tray (21), the great solid-state rubbish of proportion after filtering separation system (15) separation falls into recovery area (5).
2. The automatic sorting device of household garbage according to claim 1, characterized in that the self-telescopic weighing system (11) comprises a pair of telescopically arranged telescopic plates (24).
3. The automatic household garbage sorting device according to claim 2, wherein the bag breaking system (12) comprises a rotating shaft which is rotatably arranged, a plurality of alternately arranged sharp knives (25) are fixedly arranged on the rotating shaft, and the sharp knives (25) are different in length.
4. The automatic household garbage sorting device according to claim 3, wherein a plurality of pairs of opposite serrated blades I (26) and II (27) are arranged in the shear type crushing system (13) in a swinging manner, and the swinging directions of the serrated blades I (26) and II (27) are opposite.
CN201910159913.0A 2019-03-04 2019-03-04 Automatic household garbage sorting device Active CN109794495B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112207114B (en) * 2020-09-17 2021-08-24 宝泽工程科技有限公司 Garbage collection device for urban environment-friendly construction

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5089228A (en) * 1990-04-19 1992-02-18 Winfield Corporation Method for sterilizing and disposing of infectious waste
CN205393164U (en) * 2016-03-03 2016-07-27 四川昊伶节能科技有限公司 Intelligence domestic waste handles integration equipment of retrieving
CN206351169U (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-07-25 上海龙阳环保工程有限公司 A kind of household garbage bag-breaking machine
CN206854345U (en) * 2017-06-12 2018-01-09 彦士环保设备(上海)有限公司 A kind of kitchen castoff processing equipment
CN108837934A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-11-20 绵阳金泰机械设备制造有限公司 Can quantifying feed oil shale crusher
CN109078971A (en) * 2018-10-18 2018-12-25 李智 A kind of integrated sorting unit of vertical daily garbage
CN109352857A (en) * 2018-09-21 2019-02-19 日彩复合塑料(深圳)有限公司 Regenerate high impact polystyrene material production system and production method

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5089228A (en) * 1990-04-19 1992-02-18 Winfield Corporation Method for sterilizing and disposing of infectious waste
CN205393164U (en) * 2016-03-03 2016-07-27 四川昊伶节能科技有限公司 Intelligence domestic waste handles integration equipment of retrieving
CN206351169U (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-07-25 上海龙阳环保工程有限公司 A kind of household garbage bag-breaking machine
CN206854345U (en) * 2017-06-12 2018-01-09 彦士环保设备(上海)有限公司 A kind of kitchen castoff processing equipment
CN108837934A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-11-20 绵阳金泰机械设备制造有限公司 Can quantifying feed oil shale crusher
CN109352857A (en) * 2018-09-21 2019-02-19 日彩复合塑料(深圳)有限公司 Regenerate high impact polystyrene material production system and production method
CN109078971A (en) * 2018-10-18 2018-12-25 李智 A kind of integrated sorting unit of vertical daily garbage

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