CN108355835A - A kind of integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage - Google Patents

A kind of integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108355835A
CN108355835A CN201810141383.2A CN201810141383A CN108355835A CN 108355835 A CN108355835 A CN 108355835A CN 201810141383 A CN201810141383 A CN 201810141383A CN 108355835 A CN108355835 A CN 108355835A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
level
sorting unit
motor
channel
collecting box
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810141383.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程敢
路阳
张传祥
蒋振东
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Henan University of Technology
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Henan University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Henan University of Technology filed Critical Henan University of Technology
Priority to CN201810141383.2A priority Critical patent/CN108355835A/en
Publication of CN108355835A publication Critical patent/CN108355835A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/30Combinations with other devices, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • B02C23/20Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy after crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/10Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with cylindrical material carriers
    • B03C1/12Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with cylindrical material carriers with magnets moving during operation; with movable pole pieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B9/00Combinations of apparatus for screening or sifting or for separating solids from solids using gas currents; General arrangement of plant, e.g. flow sheets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage, belong to refuse classification technical field, primary sorting unit is vibrating screen, garbage collection hole is led in feeding device one end, the feeding device other end leads to above primary sorting unit one end, the primary sorting unit other end is arranged above breaker, concentration equipment is arranged immediately below primary sorting unit, breaker is arranged in the surface of two level sorting unit, primary sorting unit and two level sorting unit are vibrating screen, it is provided with sludge collecting box below two level sorting unit, sludge collecting box slant setting, sludge collecting box lower end is connected to concentration equipment, two level sorting unit is connected to by exhaust fan and pipeline with breaker;Concentration equipment is arranged in agitating device oblique upper, and concentration equipment is connected to agitating device upper end, and agitating device side is connected with dust catcher, and the agitating device other side is connected to three-level sorting unit.The machine has the characteristics that integrated design, the degree of automation and treatment effeciency height, environmentally-friendly sanitary, low energy consumption.

Description

A kind of integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage
Technical field
The invention belongs to refuse classification technical fields, and in particular to a kind of integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage.
Background technology
As the improvement of people's living standards, the urban life level of consumption gradually rises, the house refuse generated therewith It is more and more.China human mortality is numerous, is that rubbish generates big country.According to the municipal refuse statistical data for living the portion's of building publication, every year, I State's municipal refuse yield has been above 200,000,000 tons;A county town produces the rubbish close to 0.7 hundred million tons wherein more than 1500.It is overall next It sees, China's Output of Domestic Waste is at 400,000,000 tons or more.For in the house refuse of these substantial amounts, the overwhelming majority is to fill Based on, it is aided with other processing methods such as burning, compost.From the point of view of resource circulation utilization, is handled and lived with burying method Rubbish does not meet Sustainable Development Trend.
And in house refuse, waste component has complexity, other than the rubbish that daily life generates, wherein being also mixed into The fragments such as some building wastes, glass, ceramics.Plastics, glass, metal, food waste etc. are renewable or recycling resources, Category filter can be carried out by being recycled after classification or sorting, therefore to house refuse, be application of city life garbage General Office The important component of reason.
It mostly uses vibrosieve greatly currently on the market and manually sieves the method being combined, the efficiency of separation is low, operation Environment is poor, influences further comprehensive treatment.Meanwhile vibrosieve mainly classifies to rubbish by rotary screen at present, it is raw After rubbish living is screened by rotary screen, it is broadly divided into screenings and oversize two major classes, but rotary screen can only be by the grain of rubbish Degree size substantially sieves house refuse, can not be by the light materials such as plastics, paper or fiber rubbish and other heavy substance rubbish Rubbish is detached well, causes refuse classification inefficient, separating effect is undesirable.
Invention content
In order to overcome above-mentioned the shortcomings of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage.
To achieve the goals above, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
A kind of integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage, including feeding device, primary sorting unit, agitating device, two level sorting dress It sets, breaker, concentration equipment, agitating device and three-level sorting unit;
The primary sorting unit is vibrating screen, and garbage collection hole, the feeding device are led in described feeding device one end The other end leads to above described primary sorting unit one end, and the primary sorting unit other end is arranged on the breaker Side, immediately below the primary sorting unit, the breaker setting is sorted in the two level to be filled for the concentration equipment setting The surface set, the primary sorting unit and two level sorting unit are vibrating screen, setting below the two level sorting unit There are sludge collecting box, the sludge collecting box slant setting, the sludge collecting box lower end to be connected to the concentration equipment, the two level sorting unit It is connected to the breaker by exhaust fan and pipeline;
In the agitating device oblique upper, the concentration equipment connects with the agitating device upper end for the concentration equipment setting Logical, the agitating device side is connected with dust catcher, and the agitating device other side is connected to the three-level sorting unit.
Preferably, the breaker includes babinet, pulverizing cutterhead, first motor, the second motor, lead screw, transmission nut And connecting rod;
The box top is provided with first charging aperture, and the bottom of box is provided with the first discharge port, the crushing knife Disk is arranged in the babinet, and the pulverizing cutterhead includes cutterhead shaft and several blades for being arranged around the cutterhead shaft, Second motor is mounted on the babinet lateral wall, and the output shaft of second motor is fixed with described lead screw one end to be connected It connects, the lead screw other end, which is provided with, to be prevented raising one's hat, and the transmission nut is socketed on the lead screw, and the first motor setting exists The babinet top, the output axis connection of cutterhead shaft one end and the first motor, described connecting rod one end and the biography Dynamic nut is fixedly connected, and the connecting rod other end is connect with the first motor, and the primary sorting unit other end setting exists Above the first charging aperture, the two level sorting unit is connected to by exhaust fan and pipeline with the first charging aperture, described First discharge port is arranged in the surface of the two level sorting unit.
Preferably, controller and control button, the first motor, the second motor and control are additionally provided on the babinet Button is electrically connected with the controller.
Preferably, the concentration equipment includes material feeding box, roller, third motor, first rotating shaft and the second shaft, the rolling Cylinder is arranged in the material feeding box, and the cylinder surface is provided with electromagnetic plate, described roller one end by the first rotating shaft with Material feeding box rotation connection, the roller other end by the output axis connection of second shaft and the third motor, The third motor is provided in the support plate of the charging chamber interior wall connection and is electrically connected with the controller, the charging Box top offers second charging aperture, and the material feeding box front is in open state, and the material feeding box bottom offers blow tank, institute It states and is connected with splicing funnel below blow tank, immediately below the second charging aperture setting primary sorting unit, the dirt collection Case lower end is connected to second charging aperture;
The agitating device includes agitator, the 4th motor, third shaft and what is be arranged in the agitator multiple stir Paddle is mixed, the 4th motor is electrically connected with the controller, and third shaft upper end is arranged in the agitator, described to stir It mixes paddle to be circumferentially uniformly arranged along the third shaft, the output axis connection of third shaft lower end and the 4th motor, institute It states material feeding box setting and is provided with interface channel between the agitator oblique upper, the material feeding box front and the agitator, The interface channel upper end is the rectangular configuration coordinated with the material feeding box front, and the interface channel lower end is and the stirring The circular configuration of bucket cooperation, the material feeding box are connected to by interface channel with the agitator;
The three-level sorting unit includes tilted-putted material channel, level-one air separation units, two level air separation units and three Grade air separation units, the material channel is obliquely installed and upper end is connected to the stirring bottom of the barrel, the level-one air separation units, two Grade air separation units and three-level air separation units are described including a selection by winnowing channel, air-introduced machine, weight Material collecting box for harvesting and light object Material collecting box for harvesting Air-introduced machine is connected to the light object Material collecting box for harvesting, and the light object Material collecting box for harvesting is connected to selection by winnowing channel side, and the weight gathers materials Case is connected to described selection by winnowing the bottom of the channel, and the selection by winnowing of the level-one air separation units, two level air separation units and three-level air separation units is logical Road upper end is connected to the material channel bottom successively from close to the agitator side, and the selection by winnowing of the level-one air separation units is logical The connectivity part of road and the material channel is provided with level-one sieve, and the selection by winnowing channel of the two level air separation units and the material are logical The connectivity part in road is provided with two level sieve, and the selection by winnowing channel of the three-level air separation units is arranged with the connectivity part of the material channel There are three-level sieve, the mesh diameter of the level-one sieve, two level sieve and three-level sieve to be sequentially increased.
Preferably, further include rack, the material feeding box, agitator, the 4th motor, material channel, light object Material collecting box for harvesting and again Object Material collecting box for harvesting is with setting in the rack.
Preferably, each light object Material collecting box for harvesting and weight Material collecting box for harvesting are communicated with material conveyor belt.
Preferably, the sieve mesh diameter of the primary sorting unit is 10cm, the sieve net of the two level sorting unit Bore dia is 5cm, and the mesh diameter of the level-one sieve is less than or equal to 1cm, the mesh diameter of the two level sieve is 5cm, institute The mesh diameter for stating three-level sieve is 9cm.
Preferably, the controller is AT89C52 microcontrollers.
Integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage provided by the invention is reasonable for structure, is provided with feeding device, primary sorting unit, magnetic Screening device, breaker, two level sorting unit, agitating device and three-level sorting unit, by carrying out primary screener, magnetic to rubbish Choosing, large piece article are broken, are sorted again after broken, magnetic separation, are then stirred to residue, are screened three times again after stirring, The light materials such as plastics, paper or fiber rubbish and other heavy substance rubbish are detached well, refuse classification it is efficient, Good separation effect.The source mechanized classification and decrement for realizing house refuse, to solve at present because garbage classification work is not in place The caused existing environmental pollution in terms of garbage disposal, waste land resource, the industrialization of environmental protection industry (epi), environmental sanitation system The problems such as reform, the machine have integrated design, high degree of automation, treatment effeciency height, environmentally-friendly sanitary, the spy that low energy consumption Point.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the breaker of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 3 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of the concentration equipment of the embodiment of the present invention 1, agitating device and three-level sorting unit;
Fig. 4 is the partial schematic diagram of Fig. 3 (without interface channel).
Specific implementation mode
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the specific implementation mode of the present invention is further described.Following embodiment is only used for more Technical scheme of the present invention is clearly demonstrated, and not intended to limit the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, term "center", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside", " axis To ", " radial direction ", the orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as " circumferential direction " be to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, be only for It is described convenient for description technical scheme of the present invention and simplifying, not indicate or imply the indicated device or element must have Specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
In addition, term " first ", " second " etc. are used for description purposes only, it is not understood to indicate or imply relatively important Property.In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise specific regulation or limit, term " connected ", " connection " are answered It broadly understood, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection or integral type connects;Can be that machinery connects It connects, can also be electrical connection;It can be directly connected, can also be indirectly connected through an intermediary.For the general of this field For logical technical staff, the specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood according to specific conditions.In retouching for the present invention In stating, unless otherwise indicated, the meaning of " plurality " is two or more, and this will not be detailed here.
Embodiment 1
The present invention provides a kind of integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage, specific as shown in Figures 1 to 4, Fig. 1 is integrated the whole of machine Body structure, including feeding device 1, primary sorting unit 2, two level sorting unit 3, breaker 4, concentration equipment 5, agitating device 6 and three-level sorting unit 7;Feeding device 1 is existing rubbish transmission device, primary sorting unit 2 and two level in the present embodiment Sorting unit 3 is existing vibrating screen.And the sieve mesh diameter of primary sorting unit 2 is 10cm, two level sorting unit 3 Sieve mesh diameter is 5cm.
Primary sorting unit 2 is vibrating screen, and garbage collection hole 8 is led in 1 one end of feeding device, and 1 other end of feeding device is logical Above to 2 one end of primary sorting unit, 2 other end of primary sorting unit is arranged above breaker 4, and concentration equipment 5 is arranged Immediately below primary sorting unit 2, breaker 4 is arranged in the surface of two level sorting unit 3,3 lower section of two level sorting unit It is provided with sludge collecting box 9,9 slant setting of sludge collecting box, 9 lower end of sludge collecting box is connected to concentration equipment 5, and two level sorting unit 3 passes through pumping Wind turbine 10 and pipeline 11 are connected to breaker 4;The setting of concentration equipment 5 is in 6 oblique upper of agitating device, concentration equipment 5 and stirring 6 upper end of device is connected to, and 6 side of agitating device is connected with dust catcher 12, and 6 other side of agitating device is connected to three-level sorting unit 7.
It is moved on primary sorting unit 2 during rubbish is cheated 8 from garbage collection by feeding device 1, passes through primary and sort After the processing of device 2, rubbish of the diameter less than 10cm falls through into concentration equipment 5 from sieve, rubbish of the diameter more than 10cm into Enter breaker 4, two level sorting unit 3 is entered after being smashed in breaker 4, is more than by diameter after two level sorting unit 3 The rubbish of 5cm is isolated on the sieve of two level sorting unit 3, is then pumped into breaker 4 by exhaust fan 10 and is continued to be crushed, directly Rubbish of the diameter less than 5cm is fallen in sludge collecting box 9, enters concentration equipment 5 by sludge collecting box 9, and magnetic separation is carried out by concentration equipment 5 Afterwards, magnetic bodies is attracted on concentration equipment 5, and non-magnetic object enters agitating device 6, is sorted by entering three-level after stirring Device 7 is screened again, realizes repeated multiple times screening.
As shown in Fig. 2, breaker 4 include babinet 41, pulverizing cutterhead, first motor 42, the second motor 43, lead screw 44, Transmission nut 45 and connecting rod 46;
41 top surface of babinet is provided with first charging aperture 47, and 41 bottom of babinet is provided with the first discharge port 48, and pulverizing cutterhead is set It sets in babinet 41, pulverizing cutterhead includes cutterhead shaft 49 and several blades 410 for being arranged around cutterhead shaft 49, the second motor 43 are mounted on 41 lateral wall of babinet, and the output shaft of the second motor 43 is fixedly connected with 44 one end of lead screw, and 44 other end of lead screw is set Be equipped with it is anti-raise one's hat 411, transmission nut 45 is socketed on lead screw 44, and first motor 42 is arranged above babinet 41, cutterhead shaft 49 The output axis connection of one end and first motor 42,46 one end of connecting rod are fixedly connected with transmission nut 45,46 other end of connecting rod and One motor 42 connects, and 2 other end of primary sorting unit is arranged above first charging aperture 47, and two level sorting unit 3 passes through exhausting Machine 10 and pipeline 11 are connected to first charging aperture 47, and the first discharge port 48 is arranged in the surface of two level sorting unit 3.From primary The Bulky Waste that sorting unit 2 and pipeline 11 are come in enters in babinet 41 from the first discharge port 48, passes through 42 band of first motor Movable knife disc shaft 49 and the rotation of blade 410 realize that crushing function, the second motor 43 can realize the upper of cutterhead shaft 49 and blade 410 Lower movement improves crushing effect.
Further, it is automatically controlled to realize, is additionally provided with controller 412 and control button 414 on babinet 41, first Motor 42, the second motor 43 and control button 414 are electrically connected with controller 412.Controller 412 is in the present embodiment AT89C52 microcontrollers.
Specifically, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, concentration equipment 5 includes material feeding box 51, roller 52,53, first turns of third motor Axis 54 and the second shaft 55, roller 52 are arranged in material feeding box 51, and 52 surface of roller is provided with electromagnetic plate 56, and 52 one end of roller is logical It crosses first rotating shaft 54 to be rotatablely connected with material feeding box 51, the output shaft that 52 other end of roller passes through the second shaft 55 and third motor 53 Connection, third motor 53 are provided in the support plate 57 of 51 inner wall of material feeding box connection and are electrically connected with controller 412, material feeding box 51 tops offer second charging aperture 58, and 51 front of material feeding box is in open state, and 51 bottom of material feeding box offers blow tank, discharges Splicing funnel 59 is connected with below slot, second charging aperture 58 is arranged immediately below primary sorting unit 2,9 lower end of sludge collecting box and second Feed inlet 58 is connected to.
Agitating device 6 includes agitator 61, the 4th motor 62, third shaft 63 and what is be arranged in agitator 61 multiple stir Paddle 64 is mixed, the 4th motor 62 is electrically connected with controller 412, and 63 upper end of third shaft is arranged in agitator 61,64 edge of agitating paddle Third shaft 63 is circumferential to be uniformly arranged, and the output axis connection of third shaft 63 lower end and the 4th motor 62, the setting of material feeding box 51 exists 61 oblique upper of agitator, is provided with interface channel 13 between the front of material feeding box 51 and agitator 61,13 upper end of interface channel be with The rectangular configuration of 51 front cooperation of material feeding box, 13 lower end of interface channel is the circular configuration coordinated with agitator 61, material feeding box 51 It is connected to agitator 61 by interface channel 13.Pass through the second charging by the rubbish that the first discharge port 48 and sludge collecting box 9 are come in Fallen on roller 52 after mouthfuls 58, since the density of each component, proportion and suffered air drag are different in house refuse, when rubbish into After entering material feeding box 51, the ferromagnetic material particle of relatively high magnetism is adsorbed on the electromagnetic plate 56 for generating magnetic field in rubbish, non-magnetic Property substance pass through interface channel 13 to enter agitator 61, ferromagnetic material after electromagnetic plate 56 powers off by the centrifugal action of roller 52 Particle is fallen into splicing funnel 59 from being fallen down on electromagnetic plate 56.Rubbish after magnetic separation is sufficiently agitated in agitating device 6, Convenient for screening in next step.
Three-level sorting unit 7 includes tilted-putted material channel 71, level-one air separation units, two level air separation units and three-level Air separation units, material channel 71 is obliquely installed and upper end is connected to 61 bottom of agitator, level-one air separation units, two level air separation units Include a selection by winnowing channel 72, air-introduced machine 73, weight Material collecting box for harvesting 74 and light object Material collecting box for harvesting 75, air-introduced machine with three-level air separation units 73 are connected to light object Material collecting box for harvesting 75, and light object Material collecting box for harvesting 75 is connected to 72 side of selection by winnowing channel, weight Material collecting box for harvesting 74 and selection by winnowing channel 72 bottoms are connected to, and 72 upper end of selection by winnowing channel of level-one air separation units, two level air separation units and three-level air separation units is from close to stirring 61 sides of bucket are connected to 71 bottom of material channel successively, the connectivity part in the selection by winnowing channel 72 and material channel 71 of level-one air separation units It is provided with level-one sieve, the selection by winnowing channel 72 of two level air separation units and the connectivity part of material channel 71 are provided with two level sieve, and three The connectivity part of selection by winnowing channel 72 and the material channel 71 of grade air separation units is provided with three-level sieve, level-one sieve, two level sieve and The mesh diameter of three-level sieve is sequentially increased.Specifically, the mesh diameter of level-one sieve is less than or equal to 1cm, two in the present embodiment The mesh diameter of grade sieve is 5cm, and the mesh diameter of three-level sieve is 9cm.
Rubbish after being stirred enters material channel 71 from agitator 61, since material channel 71 is obliquely installed, in rubbish Landing during, different according to the grain size of rubbish, rubbish passes through level-one air separation units, two level air separation units and force 3 wind menu Enter when first in different selection by winnowing channels 72, the light refuse into selection by winnowing channel 72 is drawn onto light object Material collecting box for harvesting 75 by air-introduced machine 73 In, remaining rubbish enters weight Material collecting box for harvesting 74, realizes final screening.Meanwhile each gently object Material collecting box for harvesting 75 and weight Material collecting box for harvesting 74 are communicated with material conveyor belt, can be transported the rubbish after screening by material conveyor belt.
For the reasonable placement of each component, the present embodiment further includes rack 14, material feeding box 51, agitator 61, the 4th motor 62, material channel 71, light object Material collecting box for harvesting 75 and weight Material collecting box for harvesting 74 are with setting in rack 14.
Integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage provided in this embodiment is reasonable for structure, be provided with feeding device, primary sorting unit, Concentration equipment, breaker, two level sorting unit, agitating device and three-level sorting unit, by rubbish carry out primary screener, Magnetic separation, large piece article are broken, are sorted again after broken, magnetic separation, are then stirred to residue, are sieved three times again after stirring Choosing, the light materials such as plastics, paper or fiber rubbish and other heavy substance rubbish is detached well, the efficiency of refuse classification Height, good separation effect.Realize house refuse source mechanized classification and decrement, with solve at present because garbage classification work less than Existing environmental pollution, waste land resource, the industrialization of environmental protection industry (epi), environmental sanitation system in terms of garbage disposal caused by position The problems such as reform, which has that integrated design, high degree of automation, treatment effeciency height, environmentally-friendly sanitary, low energy consumption Feature.
Embodiment described above is merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, and protection scope of the present invention is without being limited thereto, Any technical person familiar with the field in the technical scope of present disclosure, the technical solution that can become apparent to Simple change or equivalence replacement, all belong to the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage, which is characterized in that including feeding device (1), primary sorting unit (2), two level Sorting unit (3), breaker (4), concentration equipment (5), agitating device (6) and three-level sorting unit (7);
The primary sorting unit (2) is vibrating screen, and garbage collection hole (8), the feeding are led in described feeding device (1) one end Device (1) other end leads to above described primary sorting unit (2) one end, and primary sorting unit (2) other end setting exists Above the breaker (4), concentration equipment (5) setting is immediately below the primary sorting unit (2), the broken dress (4) setting is set in the surface of the two level sorting unit (3), the primary sorting unit (2) and two level sorting unit (3) are equal For vibrating screen, two level sorting unit (3) lower section is provided with sludge collecting box (9), sludge collecting box (9) slant setting, the collection Dirty case (9) lower end is connected to the concentration equipment (5), and the two level sorting unit (3) passes through exhaust fan (10) and pipeline (11) It is connected to the breaker (4);
Concentration equipment (5) setting is in the agitating device (6) oblique upper, the concentration equipment (5) and the agitating device (6) upper end is connected to, and agitating device (6) side is connected with dust catcher (12), agitating device (6) other side and described three Grade sorting unit (7) is connected to.
2. integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the breaker (4) includes case Body (41), pulverizing cutterhead, first motor (42), the second motor (43), lead screw (44), transmission nut (45) and connecting rod (46);
Babinet (41) top surface is provided with first charging aperture (47), and babinet (41) bottom is provided with the first discharge port (48), in the babinet (41), the pulverizing cutterhead includes cutterhead shaft (49) and surrounds described for the pulverizing cutterhead setting Several blades (410) of cutterhead shaft (49) setting, second motor (43) are mounted on the babinet (41) lateral wall, institute The output shaft for stating the second motor (43) is fixedly connected with the lead screw (44) one end, and lead screw (44) other end is provided with anticreep Cap (411), the transmission nut (45) are socketed on the lead screw (44), and the first motor (42) is arranged in the babinet (41) top, the output axis connection of described cutterhead shaft (49) one end and the first motor (42), described connecting rod (46) one end It is fixedly connected with the transmission nut (45), connecting rod (46) other end is connect with the first motor (42), the primary For the setting of sorting unit (2) other end above the first charging aperture (47), the two level sorting unit (3) passes through exhaust fan (10) it is connected to the first charging aperture (47) with pipeline (11), the first discharge port (48) setting is sorted in the two level to be filled Set the surface of (3).
3. integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage according to claim 2, which is characterized in that be additionally provided on the babinet (41) Controller (412) and control button (414), the first motor (42), the second motor (43) and control button (414) are and institute State controller (412) electrical connection.
4. integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the concentration equipment (5) include into Hopper (51), roller (52), third motor (53), first rotating shaft (54) and the second shaft (55), roller (52) setting exist In the material feeding box (51), roller (52) surface is provided with electromagnetic plate (56), and described roller (52) one end passes through described the One shaft (54) is rotatablely connected with the material feeding box (51), and roller (52) other end passes through second shaft (55) and institute The output axis connection of third motor (53) is stated, the third motor (53) is provided in the branch of the material feeding box (51) inner wall connection It is electrically connected on fagging (57) and with the controller (412), second charging aperture (58), institute is offered at the top of the material feeding box (51) It is in open state to state material feeding box (51) front, and material feeding box (51) bottom offers blow tank, connected below the blow tank There are splicing funnel (59), second charging aperture (58) setting primary sorting unit (2) underface, the sludge collecting box (9) Lower end is connected to second charging aperture (58);
The agitating device (6) includes agitator (61), the 4th motor (62), third shaft (63) and is arranged in the agitator (61) multiple agitating paddles (64) in, the 4th motor (62) are electrically connected with the controller (412), the third shaft (63) in the agitator (61), the agitating paddle (64) is circumferentially uniformly arranged along the third shaft (63) for upper end setting, The output axis connection of third shaft (63) lower end and the 4th motor (62), material feeding box (51) setting are stirred described Bucket (61) oblique upper is mixed, interface channel (13) is provided between material feeding box (51) front and the agitator (61), it is described Interface channel (13) upper end be with the material feeding box (51) front cooperation rectangular configuration, interface channel (13) lower end be with The circular configuration of agitator (61) cooperation, the material feeding box (51) are connected by interface channel (13) and the agitator (61) It is logical;
The three-level sorting unit (7) include tilted-putted material channel (71), level-one air separation units, two level air separation units and Three-level air separation units, the material channel (71) is obliquely installed and upper end is connected to the agitator (61) bottom, the level-one Air separation units, two level air separation units and three-level air separation units are gathered materials including a selection by winnowing channel (72), air-introduced machine (73), weight Case (74) and light object Material collecting box for harvesting (75), the air-introduced machine (73) are connected to the light object Material collecting box for harvesting (75), the light object Material collecting box for harvesting (75) it being connected to selection by winnowing channel (72) side, the weight Material collecting box for harvesting (74) is connected to selection by winnowing channel (72) bottom, Selection by winnowing channel (72) upper end of the level-one air separation units, two level air separation units and three-level air separation units is from close to the agitator (61) side is connected to the material channel (71) bottom successively, selection by winnowing channel (72) and the object of the level-one air separation units The connectivity part of material channel (71) is provided with level-one sieve, selection by winnowing channel (72) and the material channel of the two level air separation units (71) connectivity part is provided with two level sieve, selection by winnowing channel (72) and the material channel (71) of the three-level air separation units Connectivity part is provided with three-level sieve, and the mesh diameter of the level-one sieve, two level sieve and three-level sieve is sequentially increased.
5. integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage according to claim 4, which is characterized in that further include rack (14), it is described into Hopper (51), agitator (61), the 4th motor (62), material channel (71), light object Material collecting box for harvesting (75) and weight Material collecting box for harvesting (74) With setting in the rack (14).
6. integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage according to claim 4, which is characterized in that each light object Material collecting box for harvesting (75) It is communicated with material conveyor belt with weight Material collecting box for harvesting (74).
7. integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the primary sorting unit (2) Sieve mesh diameter is 10cm, and the sieve mesh diameter of the two level sorting unit (3) is 5cm, the mesh of the level-one sieve Diameter is less than or equal to 1cm, the mesh diameter of the two level sieve is 5cm, and the mesh diameter of the three-level sieve is 9cm.
8. integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the controller (412) is AT89C52 microcontrollers.
CN201810141383.2A 2018-02-11 2018-02-11 A kind of integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage Pending CN108355835A (en)

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CN111905893A (en) * 2020-07-20 2020-11-10 冯海燕 Ceramic raw material screening device
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Application publication date: 20180803