CN103978014A - Kitchen fruit and vegetable garbage pulping system - Google Patents

Kitchen fruit and vegetable garbage pulping system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103978014A
CN103978014A CN201410199818.0A CN201410199818A CN103978014A CN 103978014 A CN103978014 A CN 103978014A CN 201410199818 A CN201410199818 A CN 201410199818A CN 103978014 A CN103978014 A CN 103978014A
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China
Prior art keywords
chain hook
sorting
magnetic separation
conveyer belt
machine
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CN201410199818.0A
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CN103978014B (en
Inventor
柴福良
张兴庆
何永全
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Chongqing Environmental Sanitation Group Co., Ltd.
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Chongqing Environmental Sanitation Holding (group) Co Ltd
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Publication of CN103978014A publication Critical patent/CN103978014A/en
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Publication of CN103978014B publication Critical patent/CN103978014B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kitchen fruit and vegetable garbage pulping system. The pulping system comprises a pulping machine, a feeding unit, a sorting unit and a smashing unit, wherein the feeding unit, the sorting unit and the smashing unit are linked sequentially. The feeding unit comprises a feeding hopper and a chain hook machine. The chain hook machine comprises two chain hook machine roll shafts vertically disposed in parallel and chain hook conveyer belts sleeving the chain hook machine roll shafts. The chain hook conveyer belts comprise a plurality of sequentially hinged chain hook plates the cross sections of which are L-shaped. The upper ends of the chain hook conveyer belts are connected to the sorting unit. The sorting unit comprises a sorting belt mechanism. A magnetic sorting mechanism is disposed at the discharging end of a sorting conveying belt. The smashing unit comprises a smashing machine. The pulping system can achieve feeding, conveying, sorting, primary smashing, and other pretreatment of the kitchen fruit and vegetable garbage, has advantages of high automation degree, reasonable arrangement, saved space, high garbage conveying and treating efficiency, capability of guaranteeing smooth running of the pulping machine, and the like, and increases the garbage treating and pulping efficiency.

Description

The remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish pulping system in a kind of kitchen
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of meal kitchen fruits and vegetables technology of garbage disposal, the remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish pulping system in especially a kind of kitchen.
 
Background technology
People will produce constantly various discarded object rubbish in urban life, wherein rubbish from cooking refers to the remaining rubbish of kitchen processing food materials, fruits and vegetables rubbish mainly refers to that fruit and vegetable market produces various take discard fruits and vegetables as main rubbish, it is main feature that two kinds of rubbish all have organic matter.Because domestic technology of garbage disposal is still processed more rudimentary developing stage, the remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish in existing kitchen is not generally done classification and is processed, to transport to soot landfill together with common rubbish, processing can cause great environmental pollution like this, life and health that the not only percolate of generation meeting polluted underground water, and the biogas producing and strong smell can have a strong impact on people.But in fact in the remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish in kitchen, the overwhelming majority is organic matter and thermal source, can consider to reclaim bio-energy again to utilize after slurrying, reduces people to naturally asking for and consuming, and will have great meaning to protect mankind living environment.
Applicant once designed a kind of changing food waste removal of impurities slurrying all-in-one, its structure comprises turning cylinder in housing, housing and the motor of housing one side, described turning cylinder is by driven by motor, described housing top is provided with charging aperture and foreign material discharging opening, charging aperture and foreign material discharging opening lay respectively at housing and locate near two ends, on turning cylinder, be provided with some broken arms, described broken arm is distributed on turning cylinder in the shape of a spiral, and one end and the turning cylinder of broken arm are hinged, and can in the plane perpendicular to turning cylinder axis, rotate; The bottom of described housing is mesh structure, is also provided with a liquid collecting bucket below housing, and described liquid collecting bucket is tapered; Described mesh structure is positioned at the inner side of liquid collecting bucket upper end open.
The said equipment, the slurrying that can be used in the remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish in kitchen is processed, and the slurries that make are rich in living beings and thermal source, recycle after can be used in biochemical treatment.
But this pulper is only a single pulping equipment, because fruits and vegetables component of refuse more than kitchen is usually comparatively complicated, if without anticipating, can cause pulper to be difficult to operation.Therefore also need to consider further to design the remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish pulping system in a kind of kitchen, can complete the pretreatment work such as garbage feeding, conveying, screening and preliminary fragmentation, guarantee the normal operation of pulper.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is, how to provide a kind of automaticity high, can realize the remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish pulping systems of pretreatment work and kitchen, rationally distributed joint space-efficient such as charging, conveying, screening and preliminary fragmentation of the remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish in kitchen, guarantee the normal operation of pulper, improve garbage disposal slurrying efficiency.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, in the present invention, adopted following technical scheme:
The remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish pulping system in kitchen, comprises pulper, it is characterized in that, also comprises being connected successively
Feed unit, described feed unit comprises a feed hopper and chain hook machine, described chain hook machine comprises two chain hook machine roll shafts that be arranged in parallel one on the other and is set in the chain hook conveyer belt on chain hook machine roll shaft, chain hook machine roll shaft is arranged at rotationally in chain hook machine frame and with the dynamo-electric machine of chain hook and is connected, chain hook conveyer belt forms by the L-shaped chain hook plate order in some cross sections is hinged, chain hook conveyer belt lower end is positioned at feed hopper bottom, and chain hook conveyer belt upper end is connected sorting unit;
Sorting unit, described sorting unit comprises a sorting belt mechanism, sorting belt mechanism comprises one and the vertically arranged sorting belt conveyor of chain hook conveyer belt, sorting belt conveyor feed end is connected in discharge end bottom, chain hook conveyer belt top, sorting belt conveyor discharge end is provided with magnetic separation mechanism, and described magnetic separation mechanism comprises an electromagnet that is positioned at sorting belt conveyor discharge end top;
Fragmentation cell, described fragmentation cell, comprise a disintegrating machine, the adjacent setting of feed hopper of disintegrating machine and described feed unit, disintegrating machine by a magnetic separation after the sorting belt conveyor discharge end of material screw conveyor and sorting unit be connected, after described magnetic separation, the chain hook conveyer belt of material screw conveyor and feed unit be arranged in parallel; Described fragmentation cell discharge end is connected mutually with described pulper.
In this pulping system, feed hopper and chain hook machine have been adopted, be beneficial to and realize charging, adopt magnetic separation mechanism to realize sorting and draw out the metal garbage in material, then adopt disintegrating machine to realize rubbish tentatively broken, broken rear rubbish enters into pulper slurrying, can guarantee the smooth and easy and efficient of slurrying, extend the pulper life-span, improve garbage disposal slurrying efficiency.Meanwhile, self has compact layout and structure native system, the feature that floor space is little.
Optimization as described feed unit, wherein chain hook conveyer belt bottom has one section of horizontally disposed feed zone, the projection of feed hopper lower port vertical direction drops within the scope of feed zone, and the chain hook conveyer belt at feed zone rear is and horizontal plane inclination angle 30-40 degree arranges.
After optimizing like this, in feed unit, the feed zone that adopts chain hook machine and one section of level is set on chain hook conveyer belt is convenient to and feed hopper is connected charging, then the tilting section that is provided with high inclination-angle 30-40 degree is carried out the conveying of rubbish material, when rubbish is upwards carried by chain hook conveyer belt on the tilting section of this special angle, the rubbish material of accumulation of thick position can roll and drop downwards by self gravitation, the thickness degree that makes it possible to be transported to the rubbish material of chain hook conveyer belt tilting section upper end becomes evenly, facilitates subsequent treatment.A small part is not suitable for the very large rubbish of volume of follow-up break process simultaneously, can be difficult to be transported by chain hook conveyer belt, and be carried over by automatic screening.During concrete enforcement, place, horizontally disposed feed zone end top one side can also further arrange a push pedal, push pedal fixing is connected with the telescopic cylinder of chain hook machine frame with one, can drive push pedal to reach opposite side from chain hook conveyer belt one side when telescopic cylinder stretches out.Like this, can regularly the bulk rubbish that cannot be taken away by chain hook machine be pushed open, guarantee the normal operation of equipment.
Another optimization as described feed unit, wherein, described chain hook conveyer belt top also has near discharge end position the equal material roller that transverse horizontal arranges, and all material roller one end is connected with homocline motor, all on material roller, be provided with vertically many row's homocline blades, each arranges the setting of homocline blade mutual dislocation.
Like this, all material roller can make by the blade on it through rubbish material further shared evenly, blade can also make larger rubbish material be fallen by preliminary fragmentation simultaneously.During concrete enforcement, described homocline blade is the shape arranging from equal material roller center toward bending two ends, can improve homocline effect like this.
A kind of optimization as sorting unit, in described sorting unit, described magnetic separation mechanism also comprises two magnetic separation rollers and is set in the magnetic separation conveyer belt on magnetic separation roller, magnetic separation roller is connected with magnetic separation motor and can be driven to rotate, magnetic separation conveyer belt inside between two magnetic separation rollers arranges described electromagnet, the below, one end that magnetic separation conveyer belt top rotation moves ahead is provided with the scum passage that connects material, and scum connects material passage below over against being provided with scum dustbin.
Like this, during this magnetic separation mechanism work, opening magnetic separation motor drives magnetic separation conveyer belt to rotate by magnetic separation roller, connect electromagnet simultaneously, electromagnet, by moving to ferrous metal adhesive in the rubbish material of sorting belt conveyor discharge end to magnetic separation conveyer belt, upwards runs to the other end with magnetic separation conveyer belt and falls in scum bucket, like this, ferrous metal in can very convenient efficient discharge rubbish material, avoids being mingled with in pulper damaging.
Another kind optimization as sorting unit, in described sorting unit, minute sorting operating platform that also comprises a unsettled setting, divide sorting operating platform to be positioned at sorting belt conveyor one side lower part position, divide on sorting operating platform and be provided with a dreg-accepting hopper, what dreg-accepting hopper bottom was connected with vertical setting connects slag pipeline, connects on the ground of slag lower end of duct and connects inder pot over against being provided with one, and a minute sorting operating platform side is provided with the ladder that is overlapped in ground.
Like this, can stand on minute sorting operating platform by operating personnel, will sort on belt conveyor in rubbish material, the small part rubbish manual sorting that can not be broken chooses, then by dreg-accepting hopper with connect slag pipeline and fall to and connect in inder pot.Guarantee the normal work of follow-up disintegrating machine, and very convenient operating personnel's sorting work.
As optimization, described disintegrating machine, comprise the casing that upper and lower both ends open arranges, casing bottom is discharge end, two rotating shafts in casing, have been horizontally disposed with side by side, rotating shaft is connected with motor of crusher and can drives relative rotation, in rotating shaft, interval is fixedly installed a plurality of breaking discs, in breaking disc peripheral surface, be evenly provided with several double wedges, the outer side arc transition of double wedge arrives adjacent double wedge root, in rotating shaft, the double wedge position of each breaking disc is along the curved arrangement of rotating shaft axial integral, breaking disc dislocation in two rotating shafts is arranged in a crossed manner, on the casing of two rotating shaft both sides, be provided with inwardly protruding and be inserted into the block in breaking disc gap.
After optimizing like this, during disintegrating machine work, material falls between two rotating shafts from casing upper end, and rotating shaft, by motor of crusher driven rotary, makes material fall to rear after being pulverized between breaking disc and enters follow-up flow process.The breaking disc structure of this feature, can improve material crushing effect well, and the setting of block can prevent that material from leaking down from rotating shaft edge, improves percentage of damage.
Further, in fragmentation cell and pulper, also comprise feeding structure, described feeding structure comprises a double helix charger, described double helix charger comprises the charger housing that upper end open and cross section take the shape of the letter U, charger housing upper end by a fragmentation after the disintegrating machine of material screw conveyor and fragmentation cell be connected mutually, charger housing one side is also provided with the pond that connects material, lower end, the pond outlet that connects material arranges over against charger housing upper end, in charger housing, be set side by side with two feeding screw axles with helical blade, one end of charger housing is provided with the feeding screw motor being connected with feeding screw axle, the charger housing other end is discharge end.
After optimizing like this, set up a charger, and set up separately the pond that connects material, made a part without broken rubbish material, can directly through the pond that connects material, enter into charger from here, realized multichannel charging, improved rubbish material treatment effeciency.Adopt double helix charger, strengthen mass transport dynamics, guarantee transfer efficiency.
Further, the discharge end connection of described charger housing is provided with a material and converges well, material converges bottom height lower than charger housing bottom height, material converges aboveground end and is provided with and renovates, material converges well one side level connection and is provided with a horizontal discharge barrel, in horizontal discharge barrel, be provided with one and connect the horizontal discharging helical axis that material converges well, horizontal discharging helical axis is connected with the horizontal discharging screw motor that is positioned at material and converges downhole; One end connection that horizontal discharge barrel converges well away from material is provided with an oblique discharge barrel, the oblique discharge barrel other end extends obliquely and is provided with over against the discharging opening of pulper feed end, oblique discharge barrel inside is provided with oblique discharging helical axis, and oblique discharge barrel upper end outer setting has the oblique discharging screw motor being connected with oblique discharging helical axis.
After improving like this, material converges to material and converges well after double helix charger, then through one section of horizontal discharge barrel discharging, and then through one section of oblique discharge barrel, enters into pulper feed end; Guarantee that material is from double helix charger to the smooth and easy degree of the conveying pulper, improve pulper charging efficiency.Converge aboveground end and be provided with and renovate, can be so that open and overhaul producing while stopping up.
In sum, native system can be realized the pretreatment work such as charging, conveying, screening and preliminary fragmentation of the remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish in kitchen, and it is high to have automaticity, rationally distributed saving space, rubbish transport process efficiency is high, can guarantee the advantages such as the operation of pulper is smooth and easy to have improved garbage disposal slurrying efficiency.
 
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of this pulping system.
Fig. 2 is the side view of independent feed unit chain hook machine part-structure in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the front view of independent sorting unit part-structure in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the independent side view of material screw conveyor part-structure after magnetic separation in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is independent disintegrating machine and the broken front view of material screw conveyor part-structure afterwards in Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is the top view of independent crusher structure in Fig. 1.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of an independent breaking disc in Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the side view of independent double helix charger part-structure in Fig. 1.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of independent magnetic separation mechanism in Fig. 1.
 
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.
Shown in following Fig. 1-Fig. 9, the remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish pulping system in a kind of kitchen, comprises pulper 7, during pulper 7 concrete enforcement, preferably adopts applicant once to apply in the past the structure of the pulper of patent.Also comprise successively and to be connected
Feed unit, described feed unit comprises a feed hopper 1 and chain hook machine, described chain hook machine comprises two chain hook machine roll shafts that be arranged in parallel one on the other and is set in the chain hook conveyer belt 2 on chain hook machine roll shaft, chain hook machine roll shaft is arranged at rotationally in chain hook machine frame 3 and with the dynamo-electric machine of chain hook and is connected, chain hook conveyer belt 2 forms by the L-shaped chain hook plate order in some cross sections is hinged, chain hook conveyer belt 2 lower ends are positioned at feed hopper 1 bottom, and chain hook conveyer belt upper end is connected sorting unit;
Sorting unit, described sorting unit comprises a sorting belt mechanism, sorting belt mechanism comprises one and the vertically arranged sorting belt conveyor 5 of chain hook conveyer belt, sorting belt conveyor feed end is connected in chain hook conveyer belt 2 discharge end bottoms, top, sorting belt conveyor 5 discharge ends are provided with magnetic separation mechanism, and described magnetic separation mechanism comprises an electromagnet 6 that is positioned at sorting belt conveyor discharge end top;
Fragmentation cell, described fragmentation cell, comprise a disintegrating machine, the adjacent setting of feed hopper 1 of disintegrating machine and described feed unit, disintegrating machine by a magnetic separation after the sorting belt conveyor discharge end of material screw conveyor 33 and sorting unit be connected, after described magnetic separation, the chain hook conveyer belt of material screw conveyor and feed unit be arranged in parallel; Described fragmentation cell discharge end is connected mutually with described pulper 7.
In described feed unit, chain hook conveyer belt bottom has one section of horizontally disposed feed zone 8, and the projection of feed hopper 1 lower port vertical direction drops in feed zone 8 scopes, and the chain hook conveyer belt 2 at feed zone 8 rears is and horizontal plane inclination angle 30-40 degree arranges.During concrete enforcement, place, horizontally disposed feed zone end top one side can also further arrange a push pedal, push pedal fixing is connected with the telescopic cylinder of chain hook machine frame with one, can drive push pedal to reach opposite side from chain hook conveyer belt one side when telescopic cylinder stretches out.
Described chain hook conveyer belt top also has near discharge end position the equal material roller 9 that transverse horizontal arranges, and all material roller 9 one end are connected with homocline motor, all on material roller 9, is provided with vertically many row's homocline blades, and each arranges the setting of homocline blade mutual dislocation.During concrete enforcement, described homocline blade is the shape arranging from equal material roller center toward bending two ends.
In described sorting unit, described magnetic separation mechanism, also comprise two magnetic separation rollers 10 and be set in the magnetic separation conveyer belt 11 on magnetic separation roller 10, magnetic separation roller 10 is connected with magnetic separation motor and can be driven to rotate, magnetic separation conveyer belt 11 inside between two magnetic separation rollers 10 arrange described electromagnet 6, the below, one end that magnetic separation conveyer belt top rotation moves ahead is provided with the scum passage 4 that connects material, and scum connects material passage below over against being provided with scum dustbin 12.
In described sorting unit, minute sorting operating platform 13 that also comprises a unsettled setting, divide sorting operating platform 13 to be positioned at sorting belt conveyor 5 one side lower part positions, divide on sorting operating platform 13 and be provided with a dreg-accepting hopper, what dreg-accepting hopper bottom was connected with vertical setting connects slag pipeline 14, connect on the ground of slag pipeline 14 lower ends and connect inder pot 15 over against being provided with one, a minute sorting operating platform side is provided with the ladder 16 that is overlapped in ground.
Described disintegrating machine, comprise the casing 17 that upper and lower both ends open arranges, casing 17 bottoms are discharge end, two rotating shafts 18 in casing, have been horizontally disposed with side by side, rotating shaft 18 is connected with a motor of crusher 19 and can drives relative rotation, in rotating shaft 18, interval is fixedly installed a plurality of breaking discs 32, in breaking disc 32 peripheral surface, be evenly provided with several double wedges 20, the outer side arc transition of double wedge 20 arrives adjacent double wedge root, in rotating shaft 18, double wedge 20 positions of each breaking disc 19 are along the curved arrangement of rotating shaft axial integral, breaking disc 32 dislocation in two rotating shafts 18 are arranged in a crossed manner, on the casing 17 of two rotating shaft both sides, be provided with inwardly protruding and be inserted into the block 21 in breaking disc gap.
In fragmentation cell and pulper, also comprise feeding structure, described feeding structure comprises a double helix charger, described double helix charger comprises the charger housing 22 that upper end open and cross section take the shape of the letter U, charger housing 22 upper ends by a fragmentation after the disintegrating machine of material screw conveyor 23 and fragmentation cell be connected mutually, charger housing 22 1 sides are also provided with the pond 24 that connects material, the pond 24 lower end outlets that connect material arrange over against charger housing 22 upper ends, in charger housing 22, be set side by side with two feeding screw axles 25 with helical blade, one end of charger housing 22 is provided with the feeding screw motor 26 being connected with feeding screw axle, charger housing 22 other ends are discharge end.
The discharge end connection of described charger housing is provided with a material and converges well 27, material converges well 27 bottom level lower than charger housing bottom height, material converges well 27 upper ends and is provided with and renovates, material converges well 27 1 side levels connections and is provided with a horizontal discharge barrel 28, in horizontal discharge barrel 28, be provided with one and connect the horizontal discharging helical axis that material converges well, horizontal discharging helical axis is connected with the horizontal discharging screw motor 29 that is positioned at material and converges downhole; One end connection that horizontal discharge barrel 28 converges well away from material is provided with an oblique discharge barrel 30, oblique discharge barrel 30 other ends extend obliquely and are provided with over against the discharging opening of pulper 7 feed ends, oblique discharge barrel 30 inside are provided with oblique discharging helical axis, and oblique discharge barrel upper end outer setting has the oblique discharging screw motor 31 being connected with oblique discharging helical axis.
In above-mentioned pulping system, feed hopper and chain hook machine have been adopted, be beneficial to and realize charging, adopt magnetic separation mechanism to realize sorting and draw out the metal garbage in material, then adopt disintegrating machine to realize rubbish tentatively broken, broken rear rubbish enters into pulper slurrying, can guarantee the smooth and easy and efficient of slurrying, extend the pulper life-span, improve garbage disposal slurrying efficiency.Meanwhile, self has compact layout and structure native system, the feature that floor space is little.Specifically, in its feed unit, the feed zone that adopts chain hook machine and one section of level is set on chain hook conveyer belt is convenient to and feed hopper is connected charging, then the tilting section that is provided with high inclination-angle 30-40 degree is carried out the conveying of rubbish material, when rubbish is upwards carried by chain hook conveyer belt on the tilting section of this special angle, the rubbish material of accumulation of thick position can roll and drop downwards by self gravitation, the thickness degree that makes it possible to be transported to the rubbish material of chain hook conveyer belt tilting section upper end becomes evenly, facilitates subsequent treatment.A small part is not suitable for the very large rubbish of volume of follow-up break process simultaneously, can be difficult to be transported by chain hook conveyer belt, and be carried over by automatic screening.During concrete enforcement, place, horizontally disposed feed zone end top one side can also further arrange a push pedal, push pedal fixing is connected with the telescopic cylinder of chain hook machine frame with one, can drive push pedal to reach opposite side from chain hook conveyer belt one side when telescopic cylinder stretches out.Like this, can regularly the bulk rubbish that cannot be taken away by chain hook machine be pushed open, guarantee the normal operation of equipment.In feed unit, be also provided with equal material roller, all material roller can make by the blade on it through rubbish material further shared evenly, blade can also make larger rubbish material be fallen by preliminary fragmentation simultaneously.During concrete enforcement, described homocline blade is the shape arranging from equal material roller center toward bending two ends, can improve homocline effect like this.When in sorting unit, magnetic separation mechanism is worked, opening magnetic separation motor drives magnetic separation conveyer belt to rotate by magnetic separation roller, connect electromagnet simultaneously, electromagnet will move to ferrous metal adhesive in the rubbish material of sorting belt conveyor discharge end to magnetic separation conveyer belt, with magnetic separation conveyer belt, upwards running to the other end falls in scum bucket, like this, the ferrous metal in can very convenient efficient discharge rubbish material, avoids being mingled with in pulper damaging.In sorting unit, also be provided with a minute sorting operating platform, can stand on minute sorting operating platform by operating personnel, will sort on belt conveyor in rubbish material, the small part rubbish manual sorting that can not be broken chooses, then by dreg-accepting hopper with connect slag pipeline and fall to and connect in inder pot.Guarantee the normal work of follow-up disintegrating machine, and very convenient operating personnel's sorting work.During disintegrating machine work, material falls between two rotating shafts from casing upper end, and rotating shaft, by motor of crusher driven rotary, makes material fall to rear after being pulverized between breaking disc and enters follow-up flow process.The breaking disc structure of this feature, can improve material crushing effect well, and the setting of block can prevent that material from leaking down from rotating shaft edge, improves percentage of damage.
In fragmentation cell and pulper, also design feeding structure, set up a charger, and set up separately the pond that connects material, make a part without broken rubbish material, can directly through the pond that connects material, enter into charger from here, realize multichannel charging, improve rubbish material treatment effeciency.Adopt double helix charger, strengthen mass transport dynamics, guarantee transfer efficiency.During charger work, material converges to material and converges well after double helix charger, then through one section of horizontal discharge barrel discharging, and then through one section of oblique discharge barrel, enters into pulper feed end; Guarantee that material is from double helix charger to the smooth and easy degree of the conveying pulper, improve pulper charging efficiency.Converge aboveground end and be provided with and renovate, can be so that open and overhaul producing while stopping up.
In sum, said system can realize the pretreatment work such as charging, conveying, screening and preliminary fragmentation of the remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish in kitchen, and it is high to have automaticity, rationally distributed saving space, rubbish transport process efficiency is high, can guarantee the advantages such as the operation of pulper is smooth and easy to have improved garbage disposal slurrying efficiency.

Claims (8)

1. the remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish pulping system in kitchen, comprises pulper, it is characterized in that, also comprises being connected successively
Feed unit, described feed unit comprises a feed hopper and chain hook machine, described chain hook machine comprises two chain hook machine roll shafts that be arranged in parallel one on the other and is set in the chain hook conveyer belt on chain hook machine roll shaft, chain hook machine roll shaft is arranged at rotationally in chain hook machine frame and with the dynamo-electric machine of chain hook and is connected, chain hook conveyer belt forms by the L-shaped chain hook plate order in some cross sections is hinged, chain hook conveyer belt lower end is positioned at feed hopper bottom, and chain hook conveyer belt upper end is connected sorting unit;
Sorting unit, described sorting unit comprises a sorting belt mechanism, sorting belt mechanism comprises one and the vertically arranged sorting belt conveyor of chain hook conveyer belt, sorting belt conveyor feed end is connected in discharge end bottom, chain hook conveyer belt top, sorting belt conveyor discharge end is provided with magnetic separation mechanism, and described magnetic separation mechanism comprises an electromagnet that is positioned at sorting belt conveyor discharge end top;
Fragmentation cell, described fragmentation cell, comprise a disintegrating machine, the adjacent setting of feed hopper of disintegrating machine and described feed unit, disintegrating machine by a magnetic separation after the sorting belt conveyor discharge end of material screw conveyor and sorting unit be connected, after described magnetic separation, the chain hook conveyer belt of material screw conveyor and feed unit be arranged in parallel; Described fragmentation cell discharge end is connected mutually with described pulper.
2. the remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish pulping system in kitchen as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described feed unit, chain hook conveyer belt bottom has one section of horizontally disposed feed zone, the projection of feed hopper lower port vertical direction drops within the scope of feed zone, and the chain hook conveyer belt at feed zone rear is and horizontal plane inclination angle 30-40 degree arranges.
3. the remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish pulping system in kitchen as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described chain hook conveyer belt top also has near discharge end position the equal material roller that transverse horizontal arranges, all material roller one end is connected with homocline motor, all on material roller, be provided with vertically many row's homocline blades, each arranges the setting of homocline blade mutual dislocation.
4. the remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish pulping system in kitchen as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described sorting unit, described magnetic separation mechanism, also comprise two magnetic separation rollers and be set in the magnetic separation conveyer belt on magnetic separation roller, magnetic separation roller is connected with magnetic separation motor and can be driven to rotate, magnetic separation conveyer belt inside between two magnetic separation rollers arranges described electromagnet, the below, one end that magnetic separation conveyer belt top rotation moves ahead is provided with the scum passage that connects material, and scum connects material passage below over against being provided with scum dustbin.
5. the remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish pulping system in kitchen as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described sorting unit, minute sorting operating platform that also comprises a unsettled setting, minute sorting operating platform is positioned at sorting belt conveyor one side lower part position, on minute sorting operating platform, is provided with a dreg-accepting hopper, and what dreg-accepting hopper bottom was connected with vertical setting connects slag pipeline, connect on the ground of slag lower end of duct and connect inder pot over against being provided with one, a minute sorting operating platform side is provided with the ladder that is overlapped in ground.
6. the remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish pulping system in kitchen as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described disintegrating machine, comprise the casing that upper and lower both ends open arranges, casing bottom is discharge end, two rotating shafts in casing, have been horizontally disposed with side by side, rotating shaft is connected with motor of crusher and can drives relative rotation, in rotating shaft, interval is fixedly installed a plurality of breaking discs, in breaking disc peripheral surface, be evenly provided with several double wedges, the outer side arc transition of double wedge arrives adjacent double wedge root, in rotating shaft, the double wedge position of each breaking disc is along the curved arrangement of rotating shaft axial integral, breaking disc dislocation in two rotating shafts is arranged in a crossed manner, on the casing of two rotating shaft both sides, be provided with inwardly protruding and be inserted into the block in breaking disc gap.
7. fruits and vegetables rubbish pulping system more than the kitchen as described in claim 1 or 6, it is characterized in that, in fragmentation cell and pulper, also comprise feeding structure, described feeding structure comprises a double helix charger, described double helix charger comprises the charger housing that upper end open and cross section take the shape of the letter U, charger housing upper end by a fragmentation after the disintegrating machine of material screw conveyor and fragmentation cell be connected mutually, charger housing one side is also provided with the pond that connects material, lower end, the pond outlet that connects material arranges over against charger housing upper end, in charger housing, be set side by side with two feeding screw axles with helical blade, one end of charger housing is provided with the feeding screw motor being connected with feeding screw axle, the charger housing other end is discharge end.
8. the remaining fruits and vegetables rubbish pulping system in kitchen as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, the discharge end connection of described charger housing is provided with a material and converges well, material converges bottom height lower than charger housing bottom height, material converges aboveground end and is provided with and renovates, material converges well one side level connection and is provided with a horizontal discharge barrel, in horizontal discharge barrel, be provided with one and connect the horizontal discharging helical axis that material converges well, horizontal discharging helical axis is connected with the horizontal discharging screw motor that is positioned at material and converges downhole; One end connection that horizontal discharge barrel converges well away from material is provided with an oblique discharge barrel, the oblique discharge barrel other end extends obliquely and is provided with over against the discharging opening of pulper feed end, oblique discharge barrel inside is provided with oblique discharging helical axis, and oblique discharge barrel upper end outer setting has the oblique discharging screw motor being connected with oblique discharging helical axis.
CN201410199818.0A 2014-05-13 2014-05-13 Fruits and vegetables rubbish pulping system more than a kind of kitchen Active CN103978014B (en)

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CN103978014B CN103978014B (en) 2015-12-02

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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