CN106824999A - Refuse classification+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment and technique - Google Patents

Refuse classification+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment and technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106824999A
CN106824999A CN201710099373.2A CN201710099373A CN106824999A CN 106824999 A CN106824999 A CN 106824999A CN 201710099373 A CN201710099373 A CN 201710099373A CN 106824999 A CN106824999 A CN 106824999A
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China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
pyrolysis
sieve
breaking
bag
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CN201710099373.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
石东春
李向武
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石东春
李向武
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Priority to CN201710099373.2A priority Critical patent/CN106824999A/en
Publication of CN106824999A publication Critical patent/CN106824999A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/30Combinations with other devices, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • B09B3/40Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless involving thermal treatment, e.g. evaporation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/02Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment
    • F23G5/027Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment pyrolising or gasifying stage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste

Abstract

Refuse classification+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment and technique.The equipment includes garbage pool, material-homogenating device, bag-breaking device, magnet, oblique belt feeder, sieve rolling separator and pyrolysis oven.Present invention additionally comprises the technique for carrying out sorting pyrolysis to rubbish using small towns refuse classification+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment:Rubbish in garbage pool proceeds to material-homogenating device by the transmission of flat belt machine carries out refining, and garbage bag breaking is carried out by bag-breaking device;Sieve rolling separator is transported to through oblique belt feeder, the filter screen on the screen drum of sieve rolling separator falls on outfeed belt screenings sieve, and the light material rubbish in blower fan blowout screenings, light material rubbish falls to elevator bucket through fan housing;And during the rubbish of weight drops down onto weight hopper under gravity, the light refuse in elevator bucket is conveyed by feeder and feeder, throw pyrolysis oven into and be pyrolyzed.The present invention accomplishes rubbish Bu Chu towns by the combination of sorting+pyrolysis(Village, venue), all rubbish are solved on the spot.

Description

Refuse classification+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment and technique
Technical field
The present invention relates to refuse classification pyrolysis art, specifically a kind of refuse classification+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station Equipment and technique.
Background technology
With the fast development of social economy, the continuous improvement of living standards of the people, the quick increasing of the tangible material consumer goods Long, the quantity of municipal refuse is also increasingly increasing, and it pollutes living environment, land occupation resource, it has also become the mankind have to face To environmental problem.By refuse classification process, many materials for recycling can be sub-elected, this is the structure section that China proposes About new society, can make huge contribution.
The most common life refuse processing method of current China is garbage sanitary filling method, and these house refuses do not have mostly Processed by classification, the inside is adulterated, and (such material belongs to danger for material such as old and useless battery, waste electrical equipment etc. of some toxic property Dangerous waste, country expressly provides and forbids to be processed with landfill method), also there are material such as waste paper, metal, the glass of many recoverables Deng, these rubbish are directly filled without treatment, can not only have been caused serious pollution but also can have been caused the waste of part available resources, The treating capacity of landfill yard can also be increased simultaneously, shorten the service life of landfill yard, cause unnecessary economic loss.It is simultaneously newly-built The place of landfill yard by regulation requirement site apart from urban district 7km with remote, the place for meeting this condition in peri-urban is more next More be difficult to find, thus build a cost, management cost, cost of transportation also will be increasing.
Conventional garbage processing equipment complex structure, refuse classification efficiency is low, high cost.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is the drawbacks described above for overcoming prior art to exist, there is provided a kind of simple structure, Refuse classification efficiency high, pollutes small refuse classification+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment and technique.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
Refuse classification+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment, sorting index 100% is divided into two large divisions, and Part I is rubbish Rubbish sorting portion, Part II is refuse pyrolysis portion, and refuse classification portion includes garbage pool, material-homogenating device, bag-breaking device, magnet, oblique skin Band machine and sieve rolling separator, refuse pyrolysis portion includes pyrolysis oven.
Further, the outlet lower section of garbage pool is provided with flat belt machine, and material-homogenating device is stretched into flat belt machine one end, bag-breaking device close to The port of export of material-homogenating device is set, and the port of export of bag-breaking device is connected by oblique belt feeder with the feeding mouth of sieve rolling separator, can be adsorbed The magnet of metal is provided with elevator bucket on the oblique belt feeder below sieve rolling separator, elevator bucket by feeding pipeline with it is upper Material machine is connected, and feeder is connected by feeder with the arrival end of pyrolysis oven.
Further, the material-homogenating device includes height adjustment bolt, refining gear piece, motor, reductor and refining roller, At the feeding mouth of material-homogenating device, refining gear piece is welded on above refining roller height adjustment bolt, and refining roller is by slowing down Machine is connected with motor.
Further, the bag-breaking device includes the dynamic Hubei Province of bag-breaking device support, lower zigzag, eccentric wheel, upper zigzag dynamic Hubei Province, the bottom Moving fork and upper swing span, upper swing span and bottom moving fork are installed on bag-breaking device support, and swing is fixed in the dynamic Hubei Province of upper zigzag Frame bottom, dynamic Hubei Province of lower zigzag is located in dynamic Hubei Province sliding groove.Eccentric wheel is connected with the second motor, and eccentric wheel passes through the second motor belt motor Dynamic rotation.Eccentric wheel is connected with bottom moving fork side, and the dynamic Hubei Province of lower zigzag is fastened in bottom moving fork;Upper swing span and lower swing Fork opposite side connection.
Further, it is described sieve rolling separator include screen drum, hold sieve power transmission shaft, hold sieve scroll wheel, hold sieve support, hopper, Outfeed belt, blower fan and fan housing, screen drum are provided with filter screen, and screen drum is placed on and holds sieve scroll wheel top, hold sieve scroll wheel located at holding On sieve power transmission shaft, sieve power transmission shaft being held installed in holding on sieve support, holding sieve power transmission shaft and be connected with the 3rd motor, hopper is located at screen drum Lower section, positioned at the top of outfeed belt, blower fan is located at outfeed belt side for the outlet of hopper, and blower fan passes through air supply duct and wind Cover is connected, and fan housing is located at elevator bucket top.Screen drum tail end is provided with weight hopper, screen drum slant setting, and screen drum head end is higher than screen drum Tail end.
Further, wastewater collection pond is additionally provided with, garbage pool, material-homogenating device, bag-breaking device, sieve rolling separator and pyrolysis oven are located at On mounting surface or ground, waste water hole is provided with mounting surface or ground, waste water hole lower section passes through waste water conveyance conduit and wastewater collection Pond is connected.Wastewater collection pond is used to collect the sewage that the waste water such as percolate and place, equipment cleaning are produced.
Further, sieve rolling separator is provided with dust excluding hood.
Further, magnet band is magnetic.
Further, it is additionally provided with the aspiration of negative pressure device, the dust excluding hood of sieve rolling separator and the top cover of garbage pool are and the aspiration of negative pressure Device is connected, and the dust produced in assorting room is collected by the aspiration of negative pressure device, and collecting effect can reach 99%, and sorting preferably exists Run in the factory building of sealing, from without being impacted to environment.
Further, pyrolysis oven outside be provided with condenser, spraying box, except fog chamber, electrostatic cleaner, microwave purifying room, activity Charcoal adsorption tower and secondary high-temperature pyrolysis apparatus, the exhanst gas outlet of pyrolysis oven and condenser, spraying box, except fog chamber, electrostatic cleaner, micro- Ripple clean room, activated carbon adsorber are connected with secondary high-temperature pyrolysis apparatus.
Further, integrated treatment station equipment can be installed with integrated form, i.e., garbage pool, material-homogenating device, bag-breaking device are parallel successively It is installed on same transverse axis, oblique belt feeder is installed on same number axis with sieve rolling separator, and feeding pipeline is installed on another transverse axis On, two transverse axis with it is vertical with number axis, pyrolysis oven is beneficial to saving field located at oblique belt feeder side and being installed between two transverse axis Ground.
Rubbish is divided using integrated form small towns refuse classification as previously described+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment The technique for selecting pyrolysis, comprises the following steps:The rubbish for collecting transport is cleaned, rubbish garbage pool is poured into, the rubbish in garbage pool Transmission is carried out by flat belt machine and proceeds to material-homogenating device, material-homogenating device makes the orderly entrance bag-breaking device of rubbish, rubbish is carried out by bag-breaking device Broken bag.Sieve rolling separator is transported to through oblique belt feeder from bag-breaking device rubbish out, the magnet absorption rubbish on oblique belt feeder In metal, sieve rolling separator screen drum on filter screen can by the screenings such as soil, dust, sand, organic matter pass through blanking Bucket sieve is fallen on outfeed belt, and the light material rubbish in blower fan blowout screenings, light material rubbish falls to through fan housing and carries Rise bucket;And the heavier rubbish such as building waste, stone is dropped down onto in weight hopper from screen drum tail end under gravity, heavy material Weight rubbish in bucket can be by artificial unified cleaning transport;The waste water such as the percolate produced in assorting room are received by wastewater collection pond Collection, concentration clears landfill yard treatment.Light material rubbish in elevator bucket is thrown into by feeding pipeline, feeder and feeder It is pyrolyzed to pyrolysis oven.
When light material rubbish is pyrolyzed in pyrolysis oven, the flue gas of generation is discharged from the exhanst gas outlet of pyrolysis oven, discharge Flue gas sequentially passes through condenser, spraying box, except fog chamber, electrostatic cleaner, microwave purifying room, activated carbon adsorber and secondary high-temperature Entered in air again after pyrolysis apparatus, it is pollution-free to air.
Further, when the rubbish from bag-breaking device out is transported to sieve rolling separator through oblique belt feeder, refuse classification operator Can be located at by magnet, carry out manually selecting choosing by refuse classification operator, be easy to reclaim useful waste resources, can manually select The most valuable part of house refuse is selected, such as:The things such as metal, glass, PC, PE, battery, building waste, organic waste Matter.
By artificial and sieve rolling separator simple sorting, can sub-elect glass, metal, PC, PE, battery, building waste, Organic waste etc. so that the pyrolysis efficiency high of the light material rubbish of input pyrolysis oven, service behaviour is more stable.By pyrolysis oven Sorting residue can be solved(That is light material rubbish), pyrolysis oven garbage disposal rate do not produce waste water up to 95%, and waste residue is few(On a small quantity Harmless grit after high temperature), energy consumption is low, does not join fuel, and gas discharge is up to state standards.
The present invention carries out the materials such as garbage bag breaking, magnet adsorbing metal by bag-breaking device, and magnet side is provided with artificial Choosing is selected, useful resource recycling rolling separator sieve rolling can be sieved except noncombustibleses such as building waste, stones, is finally separating Light material rubbish out falls to elevator bucket by blower fan, is then lifted out to pyrolysis oven being pyrolyzed.
The technical characterstic of pyrolysis oven:
(1)Sources controlling bioxin(The concentration for burning , bioxin generation in the thermal chemical reaction of pyrolysis is relevant with reaction temperature. The concentration that , bioxin is produced when the temperature of reaction is between 350 DEG C -500 DEG C or 700 °C -850 °C is maximum.The pyrolysis oven is adopted With existing magnetic air thermal dissociation technology, pyrolysis temperature is 500 DEG C -700 °C, and the pyrolysis temperature of secondary high-temperature pyrolysis apparatus is 1000 DEG C More than, therefore residual contamination can be eliminated in purification end, so as to eliminate the generation of bioxin.
(2)The consumption energy is few(After lighting a fire for the first time, refuse pyrolysis no longer need any fuel, and tail gas clean-up and feeding are filled Put a small amount of electric energy of consumption).
(3)Garbage disposal is not landed(Rubbish can be completed by internal directly decomposition).
(4)Residual refuse amount 5% or so(Rubbish final remaining 5% or so, including waste water, carbon ash, battery etc.).
(5)Resource(Metal object, PC, organic matter, glass overall recovery are up to 50%;Dust, dregs, building waste are always returned High income is up to 99%).
Present invention is particularly suitable for small towns garbage disposal, can accomplish that rubbish does not go out by the combination of sorting+pyrolysis Town(Village, venue), all rubbish are solved on the spot.Sorted twice by artificial and sieve rolling separator, the efficiency of separation is high, makes life rubbish Most there are metal, plastics, glass, organic matter building waste for recycling value etc. to carry out screening in rubbish and reclaim i.e. resource;Its The entrance refuse pyrolysis treating stations that he is not suitable for recycling are pyrolyzed i.e. minimizing.Using the present invention, money is advantageously implemented Source, reclaims the big solid waste of resource value, and being worth little entrance pyrolytic process pyrolysis oven can just dissolve and can not provide The part in source, simplifies amount and arrives in the range of final 1%, and sorting and pyrolysis are complemented each other, and energy consumption is low, pollutes small, and cost performance is high, Economic benefit and social environment benefit are good.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of integrated form refuse classification of the present invention+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment;
Fig. 2 is the process chart of integrated form refuse classification of the present invention+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment;
Fig. 3 is the integrated form installation diagram of integrated form refuse classification of the present invention+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of pyrolysis oven of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of present invention sieve rolling separator;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of garbage bag breaking device of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of material-homogenating device of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiment is described in further detail to the present invention.
Reference picture 1, a kind of integrated form refuse classification+pyrolysis processing stove integrated equipment for wastewater treatment, including garbage pool 1, refining Device 2, bag-breaking device 3, magnet 4, oblique belt feeder 8 and sieve rolling separator 5 and pyrolysis oven 6.The outlet lower section of garbage pool 1 is provided with flat skin Material-homogenating device 2 is stretched into band machine 9, one end of flat belt machine 9, and bag-breaking device 3 is set close to the port of export of material-homogenating device 2, the port of export of bag-breaking device 3 Connected with the feeding mouth of sieve rolling separator 5 by oblique belt feeder 8, the magnet 4 of energy adsorbing metal is sieved on oblique belt feeder 8 The lower section for rolling separator 5 is provided with elevator bucket 10, and elevator bucket 10 is by feeding pipeline 19 and feeder 11(Referring to Fig. 4)It is connected, on Material machine 11 is connected by feeder 12 with the arrival end of pyrolysis oven 6.
Reference picture 7, the material-homogenating device 2 includes height adjustment bolt 2-1, refining gear piece 2-2, motor 2-3, reductor 2-4 and refining roller 2-5.Height adjustment bolt 2-1 located at material-homogenating device 2 feeding mouth at, height adjustment bolt can control into The size of material mouth, the situation regulation according to rubbish.Refining gear piece 2-2 is welded on above refining roller 2-5.Refining roller 2-5 leads to Reductor 2-4 is crossed to be connected with motor 2-3.
Reference picture 6, the bag-breaking device includes that the dynamic Hubei Province 32 of bag-breaking device support 31, lower zigzag, eccentric wheel 34, upper zigzag are moved Hubei Province 35, bottom moving fork 36 and upper swing span 37, upper swing span 37 and bottom moving fork 36 are installed on bag-breaking device support 31, upper sawtooth The bottom of swing span 37 is fixed in the dynamic Hubei Province 35 of shape, and the dynamic Hubei Province 32 of lower zigzag is located in dynamic Hubei Province sliding groove 33.Eccentric wheel 34 and second Motor(Not shown in figure)It is connected, eccentric wheel 34 is rotated by the second motor.Eccentric wheel 34 is by bearing pin and bottom moving fork 36 sides are connected, and the dynamic Hubei Province 32 of lower zigzag is fixed by screw in bottom moving fork 36.Upper swing span 37 by another bearing pin with The opposite side of bottom moving fork 36 is connected, and realizes swinging.
Reference picture 5, the sieve rolling separator 5 includes screen drum 28, holds sieve power transmission shaft 20, hold sieve scroll wheel 21, hold sieve support 22nd, hopper 23, outfeed belt 24, blower fan 25 and fan housing 26.Screen drum 28 is provided with filter screen, and screen drum 28 is placed on and holds sieve scroll wheel 21 tops, hold and sieve the rotation in the case where the sieve drive of power transmission shaft 20 is being held of scroll wheel 21, hold sieve power transmission shaft 20 installed in holding on sieve support 22, hold The sieve motor of power transmission shaft 20 and the 3rd(Not shown in figure)It is connected, hopper 23 is located at the lower section of screen drum 28, the outlet position of hopper 23 In the top of outfeed belt 24, blower fan 25 is located at the side of outfeed belt 24, and blower fan 25 is connected by air supply duct with fan housing 26, wind Cover 26 is located at the top of elevator bucket 10.The tail end of screen drum 28 is provided with weight hopper(Not shown in figure), screen drum slant setting, screen drum head end Higher than screen drum tail end.
The blower fan 25 selects axial fan.
It is additionally provided with wastewater collection pond 17(Referring to Fig. 1), garbage pool 1, material-homogenating device 2, bag-breaking device 3, sieve rolling separator 5 and pyrolysis Stove 6 is provided with waste water hole on mounting surface or ground on mounting surface or ground, waste water hole lower section by waste water conveyance conduit with Wastewater collection pond 17 is connected.
Sieve rolling separator 5 is provided with dust excluding hood 18.The band of magnet 4 is magnetic.Garbage pool 1 is provided with top cover.
Be additionally provided with the aspiration of negative pressure device 16, the dust excluding hood 18 of sieve rolling separator 5 and the top cover of garbage pool 1 with the aspiration of negative pressure device 16 are connected, and the dust produced in assorting room is collected by the aspiration of negative pressure device 16.
The outside of pyrolysis oven 6 is provided with condenser 13, spraying box 14, except fog chamber 15, electrostatic cleaner(Not shown in figure), microwave Clean room(Not shown in figure), activated carbon adsorber(Not shown in figure)With secondary high-temperature pyrolysis apparatus(Not shown in figure), pyrolysis The exhanst gas outlet of stove successively with condenser 13, spraying box 14, except fog chamber 15, electrostatic cleaner, microwave purifying room, charcoal absorption Tower is connected with secondary high-temperature pyrolysis apparatus.
Pyrolysis oven can be cracked to rubbish, carbonized, being gasified, being magnetized pyrolysis.
Integrated treatment station equipment can be installed with integrated form, i.e. garbage pool 1, material-homogenating device 2, bag-breaking device 3 parallel installation successively In on same transverse axis A, oblique belt feeder 8 is installed on same number axis B with sieve rolling separator 5, and feeding pipeline 19 is installed on another horizontal stroke On axle C, two transverse axis with it is vertical with number axis, pyrolysis oven 6 is beneficial to located at the side of oblique belt feeder 8 and being installed between two transverse axis Save place.
Sorting heat is carried out to rubbish using the refuse classification of integrated form as previously described+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment The technique of solution, comprises the following steps:
Clean the rubbish for collecting transport, rubbish poured into garbage pool 1, the rubbish in garbage pool 1 by flat belt machine 9 transmit into To material-homogenating device 2, material-homogenating device 2 can make the orderly entrance bag-breaking device 3 of rubbish, the motor 2-3 of material-homogenating device 2 run through reductor 2-4 drives refining roller 2-5 to rotate, rubbish of the refining gear piece 2-2 on refining roller 2-5 to the entrance from the feeding mouth of material-homogenating device 2 Rubbish carries out refining.Enter dynamic Hubei Province 35 of upper zigzag of bag-breaking device and lower saw from disperse rubbish and the bagged garbage out of material-homogenating device 2 Between the dynamic Hubei Province 32 of tooth form, the second electric motor starting being connected with eccentric wheel 34, band movable eccentric wheel 34 is operated, and eccentric wheel 34 drives the bottom Moving fork 36, bottom moving fork 36 drives lower dynamic Hubei Province 32 of zigzag to be slided along dynamic Hubei Province sliding groove 33, while bottom moving fork 36 drives Swinging fork 37, upper swinging fork 37 drives the dynamic Hubei Province 35 of upper zigzag, Hubei Province is moved up and down and tears refuse bag, realizes garbage bag breaking.Broken bag The rubbish out of device 3 is transported to sieve rolling separator 5, feeding mouth of the rubbish from sieve rolling separator 5 through oblique belt feeder 8(That is screen drum 28 Head end)Into screen drum 28, the adsorbing metal of magnet 4 of oblique belt feeder 8 starts the 3rd motor, and the 3rd motor drives sieve rolling to separate Power transmission shaft 20 is sieved in holding for device 5, is held sieve power transmission shaft 20 and is driven the screen drum 28 for sieving rolling separator 5 to rotate by holding sieve scroll wheel 21, sieve Rolling the filter screen on the screen drum of separator 5 can be sieved the screenings such as soil, dust, sand, organic matter by the discharging opening of hopper Fall on outfeed belt 24, the light material rubbish in the blowout screenings of blower fan 25, light material rubbish falls to through fan housing and carries Rise bucket 10.And during the heavier rubbish such as building waste, stone drops down onto weight hopper from the tail end of screen drum 28 under gravity, weight Weight rubbish in silo can be by artificial unified cleaning transport.The waste water such as the percolate produced in assorting room are by wastewater collection Pond 17 is collected, and concentration clears landfill yard treatment.Light material rubbish in elevator bucket 10 passes through feeding pipeline 19, feeder 11 Pyrolysis oven 6 is thrown into feeder 12 to be pyrolyzed, be pyrolyzed the slag for being formed then defeated by external equipment trolley or chain scraper conveyor Send.The dust produced in assorting room is unified to collect by the aspiration of negative pressure device 16.
When light material rubbish is pyrolyzed in pyrolysis oven 6, the flue gas of generation is discharged from the exhanst gas outlet of pyrolysis oven 6, discharge Flue gas sequentially pass through condenser 13, spraying box 14, except fog chamber 15, electrostatic cleaner, microwave purifying room, activated carbon adsorber and Entered in air again after secondary high-temperature pyrolysis apparatus, it is pollution-free to air.
When being transported to sieve rolling separator 5 through oblique belt feeder 8 from the rubbish out of bag-breaking device 3, refuse classification operator can position By magnet 4, carry out manually selecting choosing by refuse classification operator, be easy to reclaim useful waste resources, can manually select choosing Go out the most valuable part of house refuse, such as:The materials such as metal, glass, PC, PE, battery, building waste, organic waste.
By artificial and sieve rolling separator simple sorting, can sub-elect glass, metal, PC, PE, battery, building waste, Organic waste etc. so that the pyrolysis efficiency high of the light material rubbish of input pyrolysis oven, service behaviour is more stable.By pyrolysis oven Sorting residue can be solved(That is light material rubbish), pyrolysis oven garbage disposal rate do not produce waste water up to 95%, and waste residue is few(It is i.e. few Harmless grit after amount high temperature), energy consumption is low, does not join fuel, and gas discharge is up to state standards.Hot gas in pyrolytic process may be used also For heat hot water, there is provided heat energy utilization.
Economic benefit:Carrying out landfill disposal after Domestic Waste Minimization again can extend the use time of landfill yard, indirectly The average annual cost of refuse landfill is reduced, economic benefit is improve.
Product purpose:The mixing life rubbish that the unit produced by environmental sanitation collect or house refuse is voluntarily collected Rubbish, is sorted and pyrolysis processing into refuse classification+pyrolysis processing stove integrated equipment for wastewater treatment.
Those skilled in the art can modify or deform to the embodiment of the present invention, if these modification and variation exist Within the scope of the claims in the present invention and its equivalent technologies, then these modification and variation are also within protection scope of the present invention.
In the prior art that the content not described in detail in specification is known to the skilled person.

Claims (10)

1. refuse classification+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment, it is characterised in that be divided into two large divisions, Part I is Refuse classification portion, Part II is refuse pyrolysis portion, and refuse classification portion includes garbage pool, material-homogenating device, bag-breaking device, magnet, tiltedly Belt feeder and sieve rolling separator, refuse pyrolysis portion includes pyrolysis oven;The outlet lower section of garbage pool is provided with flat belt machine, flat belt machine Material-homogenating device is stretched into one end, and bag-breaking device is set close to the port of export of material-homogenating device, and the port of export of bag-breaking device is rolled by oblique belt feeder with sieve The feeding mouth of separator connects, and the magnet of energy adsorbing metal is provided with lifting on oblique belt feeder below sieve rolling separator Bucket, elevator bucket is connected by feeding pipeline with feeder, and feeder is connected by feeder with the arrival end of pyrolysis oven.
2. refuse classification according to claim 1+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment, it is characterised in that described Material-homogenating device includes height adjustment bolt, refining gear piece, motor, reductor and refining roller, and height adjustment bolt is located at even At the feeding mouth of glassware, refining gear piece is welded on above refining roller, and refining roller is connected by reductor with motor.
3. refuse classification according to claim 1 and 2+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment, it is characterised in that institute Stating bag-breaking device includes bag-breaking device support, the dynamic Hubei Province of lower zigzag, eccentric wheel, upper zigzag dynamic Hubei Province, bottom moving fork and upper swing span, on Swing span and bottom moving fork are installed on bag-breaking device support, and swing span bottom is fixed in the dynamic Hubei Province of upper zigzag, and lower zigzag is moved Hubei Province is located in dynamic Hubei Province sliding groove;Eccentric wheel is connected with the second motor, and eccentric wheel is connected with bottom moving fork side, and lower zigzag moves Hubei Province It is fastened in bottom moving fork;Upper swing span is connected with bottom moving fork opposite side.
4. refuse classification according to claim 1 and 2+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment, it is characterised in that institute Stating sieve rolling separator includes screen drum, holds sieve power transmission shaft, hold sieve scroll wheel, hold sieve support, hopper, outfeed belt, blower fan and wind Cover, screen drum is provided with filter screen, and screen drum is placed on and holds sieve scroll wheel top, holds sieve scroll wheel located at holding on sieve power transmission shaft, holds sieve and passes Moving axis is arranged on and holds on sieve support, holds sieve power transmission shaft and is connected with the 3rd motor, and hopper is located at screen drum lower section, the outlet of hopper Positioned at the top of outfeed belt, blower fan is located at outfeed belt side, and blower fan is connected by air supply duct with fan housing, and fan housing is located at and carries Rise bucket top;Screen drum tail end is provided with weight hopper, screen drum slant setting, and screen drum head end is higher than screen drum tail end.
5. refuse classification according to claim 1 and 2+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment, it is characterised in that also Wastewater collection pond is provided with, garbage pool, material-homogenating device, bag-breaking device, sieve rolling separator and pyrolysis oven are pacified on mounting surface or ground Waste water hole is provided with dress face or ground, waste water hole lower section is connected by waste water conveyance conduit with wastewater collection pond;Sieve rolling separator It is provided with dust excluding hood;Magnet band is magnetic;The aspiration of negative pressure device is additionally provided with, the dust excluding hood of sieve rolling separator and the top cover of garbage pool are equal It is connected with the aspiration of negative pressure device.
6. refuse classification according to claim 1 and 2+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment, it is characterised in that heat Solution stove outside be provided with condenser, spraying box, except fog chamber, electrostatic cleaner, microwave purifying room, activated carbon adsorber and secondary high-temperature Pyrolysis apparatus, the exhanst gas outlet of pyrolysis oven successively with condenser, spraying box, except fog chamber, electrostatic cleaner, microwave purifying room, activity Charcoal adsorption tower is connected with secondary high-temperature pyrolysis apparatus.
7. refuse classification according to claim 1 and 2+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment, it is characterised in that Body treating stations integration of equipments formula is installed, i.e., garbage pool, material-homogenating device, bag-breaking device are parallelly mounted on same transverse axis successively, oblique skin Band machine is installed on same number axis with sieve rolling separator, and feeding pipeline is installed on another transverse axis, and two transverse axis are vertical with number axis Directly, pyrolysis oven is located at oblique belt feeder side and is installed between two transverse axis.
8. rubbish is entered using refuse classification+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment as described in claim any one of 1-7 The technique of row sorting pyrolysis, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:The rubbish for collecting transport is cleaned, rubbish is poured into garbage pool, Rubbish in garbage pool carries out transmission and proceeds to material-homogenating device by flat belt machine, and material-homogenating device makes the orderly entrance bag-breaking device of rubbish, passes through Bag-breaking device carries out garbage bag breaking;Sieve rolling separator is transported to through oblique belt feeder from bag-breaking device rubbish out, on oblique belt feeder Metal in magnet absorption rubbish, the filter screen on the screen drum of sieve rolling separator sieves screenings by hopper falls discharging On belt, the light material rubbish in blower fan blowout screenings, light material rubbish falls to elevator bucket through fan housing;And the rubbish of weight Rubbish is dropped down onto in weight hopper from screen drum tail end under gravity, and the weight rubbish in weight hopper is by artificial unified cleaning fortune It is defeated;The waste water produced in assorting room is collected by wastewater collection pond, and concentration clears landfill yard treatment;Lightweight thing in elevator bucket Material rubbish is thrown pyrolysis oven into and is pyrolyzed by feeding pipeline, feeder and feeder.
9. rubbish is sorted using refuse classification+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment according to claim 8 The technique of pyrolysis, it is characterised in that when light refuse is pyrolyzed in pyrolysis oven, the flue gas of generation is arranged from the exhanst gas outlet of pyrolysis oven Go out, the flue gas of discharge sequentially passes through condenser, spraying box, except fog chamber, electrostatic cleaner, microwave purifying room, activated carbon adsorber Entered in air again with after secondary high-temperature pyrolysis apparatus, it is pollution-free to air.
10. rubbish is sorted using refuse classification+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment according to claim 8 The technique of pyrolysis, it is characterised in that when being transported to sieve rolling separator through oblique belt feeder from bag-breaking device rubbish out, refuse classification Operator is located at by magnet, carries out manually selecting choosing by refuse classification operator, is easy to reclaim useful waste resources, manually Select the most valuable part for selecting house refuse:Metal, glass, PC, PE, battery, building waste, organic waste.
CN201710099373.2A 2017-02-23 2017-02-23 Refuse classification+pyrolysis processing stove integrated treatment station equipment and technique Pending CN106824999A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110102560A (en) * 2019-05-07 2019-08-09 广西凯泉环保工程有限公司 A kind of low temperature pyrogenation house refuse conveys the processing system that feeds intake automatically

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110102560A (en) * 2019-05-07 2019-08-09 广西凯泉环保工程有限公司 A kind of low temperature pyrogenation house refuse conveys the processing system that feeds intake automatically

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