CN203923129U - Biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment - Google Patents

Biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203923129U
CN203923129U CN201420284499.9U CN201420284499U CN203923129U CN 203923129 U CN203923129 U CN 203923129U CN 201420284499 U CN201420284499 U CN 201420284499U CN 203923129 U CN203923129 U CN 203923129U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pellet fuel
biomass
production equipment
wood pellet
fuel production
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420284499.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姚杰
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Energy-Conservation Science And Technology Ltd Of Deqing Fu Senli
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Energy-Conservation Science And Technology Ltd Of Deqing Fu Senli
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Priority to CN201420284499.9U priority Critical patent/CN203923129U/en
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Publication of CN203923129U publication Critical patent/CN203923129U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment; comprise the sawdust pulverizer, roller dryer and the extruded granule machine that connect successively; between roller dryer and extruded granule machine, be provided with material room, village, for the moisture content of transfer wood raw material and detection wood raw material.It prepares biomass wood pellet fuel taking wood chip as raw material, its production method process is simple, is applicable to industrialization and produces, and biomass wood pellet fuel value, rate of combustion and the thermo-efficiency of preparation are high.

Description

Biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment
Technical field
The utility model discloses a kind of biomass granule fuel production unit, particularly a kind of biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment.
Background technology
Economic fast development be unable to do without the energy, and the problem in short supply of traditional fossil energy oil, Sweet natural gas and coal is day by day serious.Biomass energy is as the fourth-largest energy, and the feature such as, zero carbon emission renewable with it, becomes the larger a kind of energy of development potentiality in new forms of energy.
Biomass granule fuel, claim again biomass molding fuel (Biomass Moulding Fuel, be called for short " BMF ") be that application agriculture and forestry organic waste material (as stalk, sawdust, bagasse, rice chaff etc.) is as starting material, through techniques such as pulverizing, mixing, extruding, oven dry, make various moulding (as particulate state), a kind of Novel clean-fuel that can directly burn.
Along with the quick application of biomass granule fuel, biomass granule fuel equipment is also developed fast.For example, patent CN101824347A biomass composite granular fuel and manufacture method and equipment, its production unit comprise woodchip and beat broken system, wood particulate dehumidification system, stalk blocks and crushing system, crushed straw aggregate dehumidification system, granulating system and finished product are processed packaging system.Patent CN101659129A discloses a kind of biomass pellet fuel forming machine and has used the particle manufacture system of this forming machine, and this particle manufacture system comprises forming machine, hay cutter, dust discharge store holder one, scroll feeder, dryer, feeding fan, dust discharge store holder two, storage bin and screw feeding machine.Its forming machine has advantages of that the simple efficiency of drive mechanism is high, output is high, use cost is low, sturdy and durable, be not easy to damage, do not need frequent maintenance, long service life.Patent CN201999910U discloses a kind of preparation system of biomass rod-shaped granule, comprises e Foerderanlage, for delivery of biomass material or fuel; Receiving sieve, rejects large part biomass material and impurity for screening; Drying system, for carrying out drying and processing to biomass material; Feed bin, for storing biomass material, fuel or shaped granule; Nodulizer, compacting biomass material becomes biological particles; Refrigerating unit, carries out cooling to biological particles; Vibration separation screen, carries out size screening to biological substance shaped granule.Patent CN102732352A discloses a kind of efficient energy-saving biomass fuel pellet complete production unit; comprise pulverizer, drying plant, tablets press, packaging facilities; the quick fixation structure that it adopts large modulus trapezoidal thread, makes maintenance and changes template more convenient simple.But the research for the biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment taking wood chip as raw material is relatively less.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment, it prepares biomass wood pellet fuel taking wood chip as raw material, its production method process is simple, is applicable to industrialization and produces, and biomass wood pellet fuel value, rate of combustion and the thermo-efficiency of preparation are high.
The utility model provides a kind of biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment; comprise the sawdust pulverizer, roller dryer and the extruded granule machine that connect successively; between roller dryer and extruded granule machine, be provided with material room, village, for the moisture content of transfer wood raw material and detection wood raw material.Wood raw material jagsaw powder pulverizer is transported to roller dryer and dries to control its moisture content, then be delivered to granulator extrusion molding after pulverizing, and makes biomass wood pellet fuel.
The moisture content of wood raw material produces considerable influence to the compression ratio of extrusion molding, and moisture content is too high or too low, is difficult to obtain comparatively desirable compression ratio, thereby affects combustion heat value, rate of combustion and the thermo-efficiency of biomass wood pellet fuel.Good for ensureing the moisture content control of wood raw material, need to add the wood chip that humidity is larger to mix if too dry; If humidity is too high, also need further dry.
Preferably, for preventing that the wood raw material in material room, village from flying upward everywhere, described village material roof portion is provided with fly-ash separator.
Preferably, before sawdust pulverizer, be provided with vibratory screening apparatus, comprise screen cloth and the collecting bin that is positioned at screen cloth below, collecting bin is directly connected with the discharge port of sawdust pulverizer by conveying belt, and large wood raw material after sub-sieve on screen cloth inputted the opening for feed of sawdust pulverizer by conveying belt.
Wood raw material crushing process is: mixed wood raw material is transported to vibratory screening apparatus, and large the wood raw material that Vibration Screen separates is transported to sawdust pulverizer and pulverizes, and the discharge port of jagsaw powder pulverizer flows into roller dryer; After vibratory screening apparatus sub-sieve, be gathered in the wood chip of collecting bin by screen cloth, its particle diameter has met production requirement, does not need further pulverizing, is directly transported to the discharge port of sawdust pulverizer, with through pulverize wood raw material together with flow into roller dryer.Adopt vibratory screening apparatus tentatively to sieve wood chip, and wood chip qualified particle diameter is directly transported to the discharge port of sawdust pulverizer, thereby reduce the inlet amount of sawdust pulverizer, improve the pulverizing quality of large wood raw material, enhance productivity, energy efficient.
Preferably, described screen cloth is connected with motor by vibrating shaft.
Preferably, described screen cloth top is provided with tornado dust collector, prevents that the wood pellet on screen cloth from flying upward everywhere.
Preferably, described screen cloth is removably installed in collecting bin top, and screen cloth is provided with the square hole that through hole that diameter is 0.05-2mm or the length of side are 0.05-2mm.The granularity of biomass wood raw material directly has influence on the thickness of combustionvelocity and calcining zone, for combustion heat value, the thermo-efficiency of biomass wood pellet fuel, need to carry out strict control to the particle diameter of wood raw material.Screen cloth is removably installed, and can require to change screen cloth according to the particle diameter control of different wood raw materials.
Preferably; described roller dryer comprises heating plant, pay-off, drying unit and cleaning apparatus; described heating plant comprises calcining furnace, be located at the gas blower of calcining furnace bottom and be located at the hopper at calcining furnace top; described hopper is connected with extruded granule machine discharge port by conveying belt, for inputting biomass wood pellet fuel finished product as fuel.
The biomass wood pellet fuel finished product of extruded granule machine discharge port; directly burn and heat supply by the hopper input calcining furnace at calcining furnace top; on the one hand its suit measures to local conditions, gather materials on the spot, without extra heat source; combustion heat value, rate of combustion and the thermo-efficiency of all right aimed detection biomass wood pellet fuel finished product on the other hand, to monitor in real time quality and the fluctuation thereof of biomass wood pellet fuel finished product.
Preferably, described pay-off is worm conveyor, for wood raw material is delivered to drying unit.
Preferably, described drying unit is the swing roller with flight structure.
Preferably, described cleaning apparatus is tornado dust collector, is located at the top of roller dryer discharge port.
The beneficial effects of the utility model have:
1, adopt this biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment, prepare biomass wood pellet fuel taking wood chip as raw material, its production method process is simple, is applicable to industrialization and produces, and biomass wood pellet fuel value, rate of combustion and the thermo-efficiency of preparation are high.
2, between roller dryer and extruded granule machine, be provided with material room, village, for the moisture content of transfer wood raw material and detection wood raw material, thereby ensure biomass wood pellet fuel value, rate of combustion and thermo-efficiency.
3, wood chip is pulverized by vibratory screening apparatus and sawdust pulverizer two-stage device processes, the wood raw material that after vibratory screening apparatus sub-sieve, particle diameter is qualified is directly sent into roller dryer, only large the wood pellet retaining on screen cloth sent into sawdust pulverizer, thereby reduce the inlet amount of sawdust pulverizer, improve the pulverizing quality of large wood raw material, enhance productivity, energy efficient.
4, utilize calcining furnace biomass burning wood pellet fuel finished product to detect its combustion heat value, rate of combustion and thermo-efficiency, to monitor in real time quality and the fluctuation thereof of biomass wood pellet fuel finished product.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described further.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment.
Fig. 2 is vibratory screening apparatus of the present utility model and sawdust pulverizer annexation structural representation.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of roller dryer of the present utility model.
In figure, 1-vibratory screening apparatus, 2-sawdust pulverizer; 3-roller dryer, material room, 4-village, 5-extruded granule machine; 11-screen cloth, 12-collecting bin, 13-vibrating shaft; 14-motor, 15-tornado dust collector, 31-calcining furnace; 32-gas blower, 33-hopper, 34-swing roller; 35-worm conveyor, 36-fly-ash separator.
Embodiment
The present embodiment is the utility model preferred implementation, and other all its principles are identical with the present embodiment or approximate with basic structure, all within the utility model protection domain.
Incorporated by reference to referring to accompanying drawing 1, biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment of the present utility model, comprises the vibratory screening apparatus 1, sawdust pulverizer 2, roller dryer 3, material room 4, village and the extruded granule machine 5 that connect successively.Wood raw material jagsaw powder pulverizer 2 is transported to roller dryer 3 and dries to control its moisture content, then be delivered to granulator 5 extrusion moldings after pulverizing, and makes biomass wood pellet fuel, then by belt conveyance to bagging area.
The moisture content of wood raw material produces considerable influence to the compression ratio of extrusion molding, and moisture content is too high or too low, is difficult to obtain comparatively desirable compression ratio, thereby affects combustion heat value, rate of combustion and the thermo-efficiency of biomass wood pellet fuel.Between roller dryer 3 and extruded granule machine 5, be provided with material room 4, village, for the moisture content of transfer, detection wood raw material, good to ensure the moisture content control of wood raw material.Need to add the wood chip that humidity is larger to mix if too dry; If humidity is too high, also need further dry.For preventing that the wood raw material in material room 4, village from flying upward everywhere, material 4 tops, room, village can also be provided with fly-ash separator or collection tube of dust, for example commercially available tornado dust collector; Also can be the two-stage dust-removal system that the two cloth bag pulse dust collectors of the disclosed primary cyclone of patent CN201974019U and secondary form.
Incorporated by reference to referring to accompanying drawing 2, wherein, vibratory screening apparatus 1 comprises screen cloth 11 and is positioned at the collecting bin 12 under screen cloth 11, and collecting bin 12 is directly connected with the discharge port of sawdust pulverizer 2 by conveying belt, and large wood raw material after sub-sieve on screen cloth 11 inputted the opening for feed of sawdust pulverizer 2 by conveying belt.Screen cloth 11 is connected with motor 14 by vibrating shaft 13.Screen cloth 11 is removably installed in the top of collecting bin 12, and screen cloth 11 is provided with the through hole that diameter is 0.05-2mm.Screen cloth 11 is removably installed, and can require to change according to the particle diameter control of different wood raw materials.For preventing that the wood pellet on screen cloth 11 from flying upward everywhere, described screen cloth 11 tops are also provided with tornado dust collector 15.
Wherein, sawdust pulverizer 2 can be commercially available various sawdust pulverizers, multifunctional crusher, multi-functional wood chip machine etc. that such as Henan Song Chuan mining machinery company limited manufactures, can be various patent pulverizer products, the such as disclosed biomass pulverizing of patent CN102824940A machine etc.
Wood raw material crushing process is: mixed wood raw material is transported to vibratory screening apparatus 1, and large the wood raw material that vibratory screening apparatus 1 sieves out is transported to sawdust pulverizer 2 and pulverizes, and the discharge port of jagsaw powder pulverizer 2 flows into roller dryer 3; After vibratory screening apparatus 1 sub-sieve, be gathered in the wood chip of collecting bin 12 by screen cloth 11, its particle diameter has met production requirement, does not need further pulverizing, is directly transported to the discharge port of sawdust pulverizer 2, with through pulverize wood raw material together with flow into roller dryer 3.Adopt vibratory screening apparatus 1 tentatively to sieve wood chip, and wood chip qualified particle diameter is directly transported to the discharge port of sawdust pulverizer 2, thereby reduce the inlet amount of sawdust pulverizer 2, improve the pulverizing quality of large wood raw material, enhance productivity, energy efficient.
Incorporated by reference to referring to accompanying drawing 3, wherein, roller dryer 3 comprises heating plant, pay-off, drying unit and cleaning apparatus.Wherein, heating plant comprises calcining furnace 31, be located at the gas blower 32 of calcining furnace 31 bottoms and be located at the hopper 33 at calcining furnace 31 tops; hopper 33 is connected with the discharge port of extruded granule machine 5 by conveying belt, for inputting biomass wood pellet fuel finished product as fuel.In the present embodiment, drying unit is the swing roller 34 with flight structure in prior art.Pay-off is the conventional worm conveyor of prior art 35, for wood raw material being delivered to swing roller 34.Cleaning apparatus can be the fly-ash separator 36 of being located at the top of roller dryer discharge port, for example commercially available tornado dust collector; Also can be the two-stage dust-removal system that the two cloth bag pulse dust collectors of the disclosed primary cyclone of patent CN201974019U and secondary form.
The discharge port place biomass wood pellet fuel finished product of extruded granule machine 5; directly input the calcining furnace also heat supply of burn by the hopper 33 at calcining furnace 31 tops; on the one hand its suit measures to local conditions, gather materials on the spot, without extra heat source; combustion heat value, rate of combustion and the thermo-efficiency of all right aimed detection biomass wood pellet fuel finished product on the other hand, to monitor in real time quality and the fluctuation thereof of biomass wood pellet fuel finished product.
Wherein, extruded granule machine can be commercially available all kinds of granulators, biomass granulation machine, sawdust granulating machine and sawdust granulator etc., the for example extruded granule machine of Yu Long Machinery Co., Ltd. of Yuegongqiao city, biomass granulation machine, sawdust granulating machine or the sawdust granulator of Yu Gong engineering works of Gongyi City; Also can be different kind organism matter granulator patented product, the disclosed biomass fuel pair roller of for example disclosed biomass granulation machine of patent CN102847487A, or CN103316608A granulator etc.
Above disclosed is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, certainly can not limit with this interest field of the utility model, and the equivalent variations of therefore doing according to the utility model claim, still belongs to the scope that the utility model is contained.

Claims (10)

1. a biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment; comprise the sawdust pulverizer, roller dryer and the extruded granule machine that connect successively; it is characterized in that: between roller dryer and extruded granule machine, be provided with material room, village, for the moisture content of transfer wood raw material and detection wood raw material.
2. biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described village material roof portion is provided with fly-ash separator.
3. biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: before sawdust pulverizer, be provided with vibratory screening apparatus, comprise screen cloth and the collecting bin that is positioned at screen cloth below, collecting bin is directly connected with the discharge port of sawdust pulverizer by conveying belt, and large wood raw material after sub-sieve on screen cloth inputted the opening for feed of sawdust pulverizer by conveying belt.
4. biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described screen cloth is connected with motor by vibrating shaft.
5. biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described screen cloth is removably installed in collecting bin top.
6. biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment according to claim 3, is characterized in that: screen cloth is provided with the square hole that through hole that diameter is 0.05-2mm or the length of side are 0.05-2mm.
7. according to the biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment described in any one in claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that: described roller dryer comprises heating plant, pay-off, drying unit and cleaning apparatus, described heating plant comprises calcining furnace, be located at the gas blower of calcining furnace bottom and be located at the hopper at calcining furnace top.
8. biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment according to claim 7, is characterized in that: described hopper is connected with extruded granule machine discharge port by conveying belt, for inputting biomass wood pellet fuel finished product as fuel.
9. biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment according to claim 7, is characterized in that: described pay-off is worm conveyor, and for wood raw material is delivered to drying unit, described drying unit is the swing roller with flight structure.
10. biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment according to claim 7, is characterized in that: described cleaning apparatus is tornado dust collector, is located at the top of roller dryer discharge port.
CN201420284499.9U 2014-05-29 2014-05-29 Biomass wood pellet fuel production equipment Expired - Fee Related CN203923129U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103992837A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-20 德清富森利节能科技有限公司 Production equipment for biomass wood pellet fuel
CN105062605A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-18 广东喜扬生物能源科技有限公司 Biomass particle forming method
CN105435565A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-30 洛阳开拓新能源开发有限公司 Biomass fuel dehumidification system
WO2018086198A1 (en) * 2016-11-14 2018-05-17 刘毅能 Device for producing higher heating value biomass fuel using agricultural and forest residues

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103992837A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-20 德清富森利节能科技有限公司 Production equipment for biomass wood pellet fuel
CN105062605A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-18 广东喜扬生物能源科技有限公司 Biomass particle forming method
CN105435565A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-30 洛阳开拓新能源开发有限公司 Biomass fuel dehumidification system
CN105435565B (en) * 2015-11-24 2018-01-30 重庆骐福能源有限公司 biomass fuel dehumidification system
WO2018086198A1 (en) * 2016-11-14 2018-05-17 刘毅能 Device for producing higher heating value biomass fuel using agricultural and forest residues

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141105

Termination date: 20150529

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model