CN104046403B - Straw briquette forming production line device - Google Patents

Straw briquette forming production line device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104046403B
CN104046403B CN201410296111.1A CN201410296111A CN104046403B CN 104046403 B CN104046403 B CN 104046403B CN 201410296111 A CN201410296111 A CN 201410296111A CN 104046403 B CN104046403 B CN 104046403B
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China
Prior art keywords
stalk
conveying
straw
feeding
making machine
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CN201410296111.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104046403A (en
Inventor
陈树人
蒋晓霞
段建
蒋成宠
姚勇
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Wanhua Hexiang Ecological Technology Co., Ltd
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Jiangsu University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The invention relates to a straw briquette forming production line device, which belongs to the technical field of biological resource recycling. The device comprises a feeding conveyor, a straw cutter, a crushed straw conveyor, a scraper blade kick-out device, a feeding conveying device, straw briquette presses and a discharging conveying device. When the device works, straw raw materials are conveyed to the straw cutter through the feeding conveyor and then are conveyed by the crushed straw conveyor after being crushed by the straw cutter; the crushed straws are respectively kicked into the feeding conveying device through the scraper blade kick-out device mounted on the crushed straw conveyor and then are conveyed to an inlet of each straw briquette press through the feeding conveying device; the briquette forming is carried out by each straw briquette press; the formed briquettes are discharged through the discharging conveying device; the classification screening of the formed briquettes is carried out by sieves; finally, the formed briquettes are packaged. According to the device, the process integration of the crushing, the feeding, the briquette pressing and the like on crop straws (such as rice straws, wheat straws and the like) is realized, so that the production can be simultaneously carried out by multiple straw briquette machines on one production like. Thus, the production efficiency is greatly improved while the human cost is lowered at the same time.

Description

A kind of stalk briquette forming production line device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of stalk briquette forming production line, belong to living resources reutilization technology field.
Background technology
China's agricultural straw resource enriches, about 700,000,000 tons about every year, stalk fuel volume and bulk shape after stalk briquette State is compared and is reduced 6~8 times, and density reaches 0.5-1.2 g/cm3, greatly reduce storage area, reduce cost of transportation, compression Rear stalk unit volume caloric value is worked as with middle matter coal facies, not only can for urban residents provide cooking, house heating energy it is also possible to As the fuel of Industrial Boiler and power plant, decrease the wasting of resources and environmental pollution;Current stalk briquette production line is mainly will It is delivered to separate unit cuber through artificial loading after crushed stalk to produce, because lacking corresponding technology, the connection of each equipment does not constitute Production line balance, automaticity is not high, low production efficiency, and cost of labor is high.
Content of the invention
In order to solve the deficiency of prior art presence, present invention employs technical scheme below:
A kind of stalk briquette forming production line device it is characterised in that: described stalk briquette forming production line is defeated by feeding Send machine, hay cutter, particle conveyer, scraper plate setting gauge, feeding and conveying device, stalk block making machine, go out material conveying device composition.
The present invention provides a kind of stalk briquette forming production line device, same on a stalk briquette forming production line device When arrange some stalk block making machines, be evenly arranged between each stalk block making machine and on a horizontal line;Feeding conveyor Can be disposed at outdoor with hay cutter, feeding conveyor is fixedly mounted on hay cutter charging aperture by support bar, particle conveyer leads to Cross support bar and be fixedly mounted on hay cutter discharging opening, and with upper material conveyer junction, scraper plate material toggling is installed in particle conveyer Device;Feeding and conveying device is arranged in stalk block making machine vertical direction, and its exit is placed in stalk block making machine feed hopper porch And be located in the blanking dust cover of feeding and conveying device;The blanking dust cover of stalk block making machine feed hopper and feeding and conveying device is adopted Coupled with hex bolts;Stalk block making machine forming machine module is placed for circular mould flatwise, and ring mould is made up of 60 ring modules, material-falling hopper It is placed in below ring mould, in v font structure, and install with horizontal plane 45° angle;Stalk briquette constantly extrudes from stalk block making machine Out uniformly fallen out on material conveying device by the material-falling hopper of stalk block making machine, packing process can be carried out after sieve screening.
Described hay cutter is knife roller type, and after cut-out, the length of stalk is 30mm~50mm.
Described feeding conveyor, particle conveyer, feeding and conveying device and go out material conveying device and be belt type conveyer, Driven using small machine, small machine power is between 0.75-1.1kw.
Described scraper plate setting gauge is made up of dust cover, bearing pin, variable-frequency motor, scraper plate, connecting rod, rocking bar, drive shaft, crank; Rocking bar lower end is fixed on the wall of dust cover both sides side by bearing pin, and connecting rod is connected by bearing pin with rocking bar upper end;Crank lower end leads to Axle of overdriving is fixed on the wall of dust cover both sides side, and crank upper end is connected by bearing pin with connecting rod;Scraper plate is welded on connecting rod;Drive Moving axis one end connects variable-frequency motor, and crank and drive shaft, drive shaft and variable-frequency motor, using being rigidly connected, are driven by variable-frequency motor Crank rotation in drive shaft.
It is placed at described feeding conveyor outlet in blanking dust cover, blanking dust cover is adopted with stalk block making machine feed hopper Hex bolts couples, and is easy to installation and the dismounting of equipment.
Described stalk block making machine starts building to make by the big motor belt motor of two 30kw respectively, and motor is rotated by belt drive belt Dynamic, belt pulley drives main shaft rotation, and main shaft band movable grinding disc rotates, and mill drives eccentric shaft rotation, and pressure roller is on eccentric shaft around master Axle rotates, simultaneously again because the frictional force effect stalk between stalk material is constantly extruded and molds from ring nib Come.
It is provided with core rod electric heating coil in lower platen on described stalk block making machine, make equipment fast under the relatively low environment of temperature Speed carries out operation.
Described go out material conveying device exit be provided with sieve, stalk briquette can be carried out packing after Screening Treatment process again, Improve end product quality.
The present invention compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1st, stalk briquette forming production line device of the present invention, by the technique such as size-reduced for agricultural crop straw, transport, extruding, pressure Make bar-shaped, its energy density relatively greatly improves before, is readily transported, stores, high combustion efficiency.
2nd, three stalk block making machines of a stalk briquette production line or more multiple stage stalk block making machine can be operated simultaneously, Production efficiency increases substantially, and also reduces cost of labor.
3rd, particle conveyer, scraper plate setting gauge and feeding and conveying device adopt dust cover to seal, and can achieve dustless production, Production on-site environment substantially improves.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is stalk briquette production line device schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is scraper plate setting gauge appearance schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is scraper plate setting gauge structural representation.
Fig. 4 is stalk block making machine and feeding and conveying device connection diagram.
Fig. 5 is that stalk block making machine arranges schematic diagram with going out material conveying device.
Primary symbols are described as follows: 1, feeding conveyor;2nd, hay cutter;3rd, particle conveyer;4th, scraper plate setting gauge;5、 Feeding and conveying device;6th, stalk block making machine;7th, go out material conveying device;8th, dust cover;9th, bearing pin;10th, variable-frequency motor;11st, scrape Plate;12nd, connecting rod;13rd, rocking bar;14th, drive shaft;15th, crank;16th, blanking dust cover;17th, hex bolts;18th, feed Bucket;19th, discharge chambe;20th, ring mould;21st, material-falling hopper;22nd, sieve;23rd, big motor;24th, frame.
Specific embodiment
1st, as shown in Figures 1 to 5, the present invention provides a kind of stalk briquette forming production line device, including feeding conveyor 1st, hay cutter 2, particle conveyer 3, scraper plate setting gauge 4, feeding and conveying device 5, stalk block making machine 6 and go out material conveying device 7;Scraper plate setting gauge 4 is by dust cover 8, bearing pin 9, variable-frequency motor 10, scraper plate 11, connecting rod 12, rocking bar 13, drive shaft 14, crank 15 compositions;Blanking dust cover 8 is coupled by hex bolts with feed hopper;Stalk block making machine mainly by feed hopper 18, discharge chambe 19, Ring mould 20, material-falling hopper 21, big motor 23, frame 24 form;Go out material conveying device 7 outlet and sieve is installed.
2nd, feeding conveyor 1 and hay cutter 2 can be disposed at outdoor, and particle conveyer 3, scraper plate setting gauge 4 and feeding are defeated Device 5 is sent to adopt dust cover sealing it is ensured that indoor dust-free produces;Feeding conveyor 1 is fixedly mounted on hay cutter 2 by support bar Charging aperture, particle conveyer 3 is fixedly mounted on hay cutter 2 discharging opening by support bar, and installation is scraped in particle conveyer 3 upper end Plate setting gauge 4 is placed in each feeding and conveying device 5 porch;Feeding and conveying device 5 and stalk block making machine 6 vertical direction cloth Put, its exit is placed in feed hopper 18 porch of stalk block making machine 6 and is located at the blanking dust cover 16 of feeding and conveying device 5 Interior;The feed hopper 18 of stalk block making machine 6 is coupled using hex bolts 17 with the blanking dust cover 16 of feeding and conveying device 5;Stalk Briquetting constantly squeezes out from stalk block making machine 6 and uniformly falls out material conveying device 7 by the material-falling hopper 21 of stalk block making machine 6 On, packing process can be carried out after sieve 18 screening.
3rd, scraper plate setting gauge 4 is driven the crank 15 in drive shaft 14 to rotate by variable-frequency motor 10, and crank 15 drives rocking bar 13 Swing, rocking bar 13 drives the scraper plate 11 that is welded on connecting rod 12 to carry out material toggling, scraper plate 11 is by the crushing straw on particle conveyer 3 Equably it is allocated on the belt of feeding and conveying device 5, the profile of tooth of scraper plate 11 is rectangle, be more beneficial for for material grass being allocated to charging belt Machine porch.
4th, stalk block making machine 6 drives work by the big motor 23 of two 30kw respectively, and big motor 23 is placed in frame 24, goes out Material conveying device 7 is located at the lower section of material-falling hopper 21, and material-falling hopper 21 is placed in below ring mould 20, in v font structure, and inclines with horizontal plane Tiltedly 45° angle is installed, and ring nib on ring mould 20 for the stalk briquette squeezes out and falls into out material conveying device 7 by material-falling hopper 21 On, packed after sieve 22 screening, thus ensure that briquette quality.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of stalk briquette forming production line device it is characterised in that: according to walking, the charging that material sequentially includes being arranged in order is defeated Send machine, hay cutter, particle conveyer, scraper plate setting gauge, feeding and conveying device, stalk block making machine and go out material conveying device, described Feeding conveyor is fixedly mounted on hay cutter charging aperture by support bar;Described particle conveyer is fixedly mounted on by support bar Hay cutter discharging opening, and with feeding and conveying device junction, scraper plate setting gauge is installed in particle conveyer;Described feeding conveying dress Put and be arranged in stalk block making machine vertical direction, its exit is placed in stalk block making machine feed hopper porch;Stalk briquette is from straw Stalk cuber constantly squeezes out uniformly to be fallen out on material conveying device by the material-falling hopper of stalk block making machine, after sieve screening Carry out packing process;Described scraper plate setting gauge is by dust cover, bearing pin, variable-frequency motor, scraper plate, connecting rod, rocking bar, drive shaft, crank Composition;Rocking bar lower end is fixed on the wall of dust cover both sides side by bearing pin, and connecting rod is connected by bearing pin with rocking bar upper end;Under crank End is fixed on the wall of dust cover both sides side by drive shaft, and crank upper end is connected by bearing pin with connecting rod;Scraper plate is welded on connecting rod On;Drive shaft one end connect variable-frequency motor, crank and drive shaft, drive shaft and variable-frequency motor using being rigidly connected, by variable-frequency electric Machine drives the crank rotation in drive shaft;Variable-frequency motor rotating speed can adjust, and speed adjustable range is 0-1400r/min;Described straw The number of stalk briquetting board respectively with feeding and conveying device, scraper plate setting gauge, go out material conveying device number identical, particular number Installed according to actual needs.
2. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of stalk briquette forming production line device it is characterised in that: described hay cutter be rotor Formula, its motor power (output) is 24kw, and after cut-out, straw cutting length is 30mm~50mm.
3. a kind of stalk briquette forming production line device according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described charging conveying Machine, particle conveyer, feeding and conveying device and go out material conveying device and be belt type conveyer, are driven using small machine, little electricity Acc power is between 0.75-1.1kw.
4. a kind of stalk briquette forming production line device according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described feeding conveying dress Put exit to be placed in blanking dust cover, blanking dust cover is coupled using hex bolts with stalk block making machine feed hopper, is easy to set Standby installation and dismounting.
5. a kind of stalk briquette forming production line device according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described stalk block making machine Forming machine module is placed for circular mould flatwise, and ring mould is made up of 60 ring modules, and material-falling hopper is placed in below ring mould, in v font structure, And install with horizontal plane 45° angle;Described stalk block making machine starts building to make by the big motor belt motor of two 30kw respectively, and motor passes through Belt drive pulley rotation, belt pulley drives main shaft rotation, and main shaft band movable grinding disc rotates, and mill drives eccentric shaft rotation, pressure Roller rotates around the spindle on eccentric shaft, simultaneously again due to the frictional force effect stalk between stalk material is constantly extruded and from Form out in ring nib.
6. a kind of stalk briquette forming production line device according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described stalk block making machine Upper lower platen in be provided with core rod electric heating coil, make equipment quickly carry out operation under the relatively low environment of temperature.
CN201410296111.1A 2014-06-27 2014-06-27 Straw briquette forming production line device Active CN104046403B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104046403B true CN104046403B (en) 2017-01-18

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104774668A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-07-15 六安市恒能生物质能源有限公司 Preparation technique of biomass granular fuel
CN106635233B (en) * 2017-02-07 2019-04-19 湖州吉能生物质燃料有限公司 A kind of straw granulating method and its grain forming system
CN106755132A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-05-31 黑龙江中丹建业生物能源有限公司 Produce the briquetting stalk preparation method of cellulosic ethanol
CN107365611B (en) * 2017-08-02 2020-06-16 山东知道知识产权运营有限公司 Intelligent biomass coal processing equipment
CN111454759A (en) * 2020-03-17 2020-07-28 合肥工业大学 Dustless clean apparatus for producing of straw shaping granule

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102873899A (en) * 2012-09-14 2013-01-16 江苏圆通农机科技有限公司 Straw briquetting machine
CN102897520A (en) * 2012-10-15 2013-01-30 江苏圆通农机科技有限公司 Material poking device with scraper blades
CN102897521A (en) * 2012-10-15 2013-01-30 江苏圆通农机科技有限公司 Belt conveyor line with distributors
CN204281704U (en) * 2014-06-27 2015-04-22 江苏大学 A kind of stalk briquette forming production line device

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Effective date of registration: 20171129

Address after: 102200 No. 5, Spark Street, Changping District science and Technology Park, Beijing

Patentee after: Wanhua Eco-board Co., Ltd.

Address before: Zhenjiang City, Jiangsu Province, 212013 Jingkou District Road No. 301

Patentee before: Jiangsu University

TR01 Transfer of patent right
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 102200 No. 5, Spark Street, Changping District science and Technology Park, Beijing

Patentee after: Wanhua Hexiang Ecological Technology Co., Ltd

Address before: 102200 No. 5, Spark Street, Changping District science and Technology Park, Beijing

Patentee before: WANHUA ECOBOARD Co.,Ltd.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder