CN203928676U - Roller dryer and comprise its living beings wood pellet fuel production equipment - Google Patents

Roller dryer and comprise its living beings wood pellet fuel production equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203928676U
CN203928676U CN201420280960.3U CN201420280960U CN203928676U CN 203928676 U CN203928676 U CN 203928676U CN 201420280960 U CN201420280960 U CN 201420280960U CN 203928676 U CN203928676 U CN 203928676U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roller dryer
living beings
pellet fuel
wood
wood pellet
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420280960.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姚杰
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Energy-Conservation Science And Technology Ltd Of Deqing Fu Senli
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Energy-Conservation Science And Technology Ltd Of Deqing Fu Senli
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Priority to CN201420280960.3U priority Critical patent/CN203928676U/en
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Publication of CN203928676U publication Critical patent/CN203928676U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of roller dryer and comprises its living beings wood pellet fuel production equipment; roller dryer comprises heating plant, pay-off, drying unit and dust arrester; described heating plant comprises calcining furnace, be located at the air blast of calcining furnace bottom and be located at the hopper at calcining furnace top; described hopper is connected with extruded granule machine discharging opening by conveyer belt, for inputting living beings wood pellet fuel finished product as fuel.It suits measures to local conditions, gather materials on the spot, without extra heat source; In addition, utilize calcining furnace biomass burning wood pellet fuel finished product to detect its combustion heat value, combustion rate and the thermal efficiency, to monitor in real time quality and the fluctuation thereof of living beings wood pellet fuel finished product.

Description

Roller dryer and comprise its living beings wood pellet fuel production equipment
Technical field
The utility model discloses a kind of roller dryer, the roller dryer that particularly a kind of living beings wood pellet fuel production equipment is used.
Background technology
Economic fast development be unable to do without the energy, and the problem in short supply of traditional fossil energy oil, natural gas and coal is day by day serious.Biomass energy is as the fourth-largest energy, and the feature such as, zero carbon emission renewable with it, becomes the larger a kind of energy of development potentiality in new forms of energy.
Biomass granule fuel, claim again biomass molding fuel (BiomassMouldingFuel, be called for short " BMF ") be that application agriculture and forestry organic waste material (as stalk, sawdust, bagasse, rice chaff etc.) is as raw material, through techniques such as pulverizing, mixing, extruding, oven dry, make various moulding (as graininess), a kind of Novel clean-fuel that can directly burn.
Roller dryer is a kind of special product designing and producing for drying wood chip sawdust, is mainly applicable to the bulky grain of the industries such as sawdust, vinasse slag, rice husk, large gravitational material is dry, as mineral powder, coal slime, coal dust etc.Roller dryer comprises heating source and oven dry portion two parts.It is thermal source that existing dryer generally adopts coal, bavin.Oven dry portion generally adopts cylinder to add flight structure, and material enters after cylindrical shell, under the effect of flight, is constantly thrown and is dispersed in thermal current, the surface of particle is contacted with hot gas fully, thereby reach best drying effect, completes the dry run of material.Roller dryer collection Drying and cooling drying integrated, more energy-conservation than common dryer, can the maximized saving energy and oven dry cost.
Along with the quick application of biomass granule fuel, drum-type drying machine equipment also obtains the improvement of some novelties.For example, patent CN201974019U discloses a kind of biomass fuel drying system, comprise pay-off, heating plant, drying unit and cyclone separator, the outlet of cyclone separator connects pulse dust collector, the lower outlet of pulse dust collector arranges conveying worm, pulse dust collector falls into conveying worm by the biomass material of collecting in removing dust, then is delivered to by conveying worm the equipment that next preparation section adopts.The two-stage dust pelletizing system that it adopts the two cloth bag pulse dust collectors of primary cyclone and secondary to form, had both improved the recovery utilization rate of material, played again the effect of discharge environmental protection.Patent CN202869174U discloses a kind of oven dry pre-processing device of biomass molding fuel raw material, comprise charging aperture and power set, charging aperture and feed pipe join, feed pipe one end is connected with hot air generator, the other end is connected with the swing roller of revolving drum dryer, the rolling of power set driven rotary cylinder, the end of revolving drum dryer is connected with tower drier.But the improvement for the heating source aspect of roller dryer reduces.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of roller dryer, is applicable to dried wood chips raw material, and it offers hopper above calcining furnace, for inputting living beings wood pellet fuel finished product as fuel, suits measures to local conditions, gathers materials on the spot, without extra heat source.
Another object of the present utility model is to provide a kind of living beings wood pellet fuel production equipment, it utilizes living beings wood pellet fuel finished product is fuel,, suit measures to local conditions, gather materials on the spot, simplify, fully utilize as heating source for roller dryer.
The utility model provides a kind of roller dryer, be applicable to dried wood chips raw material, comprise heating plant, pay-off, drying unit and dust arrester, described heating plant comprises calcining furnace, be located at the air blast of calcining furnace bottom and be located at the hopper at calcining furnace top.
Preferably, described hopper is connected with extruded granule machine discharging opening by conveyer belt, for inputting living beings wood pellet fuel finished product as fuel.The living beings wood pellet fuel finished product of extruded granule machine discharging opening; directly burn and heat supply by the hopper input calcining furnace at calcining furnace top; on the one hand its suit measures to local conditions, gather materials on the spot, without extra heat source; combustion heat value, combustion rate and the thermal efficiency of all right aimed detection living beings wood pellet fuel finished product on the other hand, to monitor in real time quality and the fluctuation thereof of living beings wood pellet fuel finished product.
Preferably, described pay-off is conveying worm, for wood raw material is delivered to drying unit.
Preferably, described drying unit is the swing roller with flight structure.
Preferably, described dust arrester is cyclone dust collectors, is located at the top of roller dryer discharging opening.
The utility model also provides a kind of living beings wood pellet fuel production equipment, comprises the sawdust pulverizer connecting successively, above-mentioned roller dryer and extruded granule machine.Wood raw material jagsaw powder pulverizer is transported to roller dryer and dries to control its moisture, then be delivered to granulator extrusion modling after pulverizing, and makes living beings wood pellet fuel.
The moisture of wood raw material produces considerable influence to the compression ratio of extrusion modling, and moisture is too high or too low, is difficult to obtain comparatively desirable compression ratio, thereby affects combustion heat value, combustion rate and the thermal efficiency of living beings wood pellet fuel.Good for ensureing the moisture control of wood raw material, between roller dryer and extruded granule machine, be provided with material room, village, for the moisture of transfer wood raw material and detection wood raw material.Need to add the wood chip that humidity is larger to mix if too dry; If humidity is too high, also need further dry.
Preferably, before sawdust pulverizer, be provided with vibratory sieve, comprise screen cloth and the collecting bin that is positioned at screen cloth below, collecting bin is directly connected with the discharging opening of sawdust pulverizer by conveyer belt, and large wood raw material after sub-sieve on screen cloth inputted the charging aperture of sawdust pulverizer by conveyer belt.
Wood raw material crushing process is: mixed wood raw material is transported to vibratory sieve, and large the wood raw material that Vibration Screen separates is transported to sawdust pulverizer and pulverizes, and the discharging opening of jagsaw powder pulverizer flows into roller dryer; After vibratory sieve sub-sieve, be gathered in the wood chip of collecting bin by screen cloth, its particle diameter has met production requirement, does not need further pulverizing, is directly transported to the discharging opening of sawdust pulverizer, with through pulverize wood raw material together with flow into roller dryer.Adopt vibratory sieve tentatively to sieve wood chip, and wood chip qualified particle diameter is directly transported to the discharging opening of sawdust pulverizer, thereby reduce the inlet amount of sawdust pulverizer, improve the pulverizing quality of large wood raw material, enhance productivity, save energy consumption.
The beneficial effects of the utility model have:
1, above calcining furnace, offer hopper, for inputting living beings wood pellet fuel finished product as fuel, suit measures to local conditions, gather materials on the spot, without extra heat source.
2, utilize calcining furnace biomass burning wood pellet fuel finished product to detect its combustion heat value, combustion rate and the thermal efficiency, to monitor in real time quality and the fluctuation thereof of living beings wood pellet fuel finished product.
3, wood chip is pulverized by vibratory sieve and sawdust pulverizer two-stage device processes, the wood raw material that after vibratory sieve sub-sieve, particle diameter is qualified is directly sent into drum-type drying, only large the wood pellet retaining on screen cloth sent into sawdust pulverizer, thereby reduce the inlet amount of sawdust pulverizer, improve the pulverizing quality of large wood raw material, enhance productivity, save energy consumption.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described further.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of roller dryer of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model living beings wood pellet fuel production equipment.
Fig. 3 is vibratory sieve of the present utility model and sawdust pulverizer annexation structural representation.
In figure, 1-vibratory sieve, 2-sawdust pulverizer; 3-roller dryer, material room, 4-village, 5-extruded granule machine; 11-screen cloth, 12-collecting bin, 13-vibrating shaft; 14-motor, 15-cyclone dust collectors, 31-calcining furnace; 32-air blast, 33-hopper, 34-swing roller; 35-conveying worm, 36-deduster.
Detailed description of the invention
The present embodiment is the utility model preferred embodiment, and other all its principles are identical with the present embodiment or approximate with basic structure, all within the utility model protection domain.
Incorporated by reference to referring to accompanying drawing 1 and Fig. 2, roller dryer 3 of the present utility model, is applicable to dried wood chips raw material, comprises heating plant, pay-off, drying unit and dust arrester.Wherein, heating plant comprises calcining furnace 31, be located at the air blast 32 of calcining furnace 31 bottoms and be located at the hopper 33 at calcining furnace 31 tops; hopper 33 is connected with the discharging opening of extruded granule machine 5 by conveyer belt, for inputting living beings wood pellet fuel finished product as fuel.In the present embodiment, drying unit is the swing roller 34 with flight structure in prior art.Pay-off is the conventional conveying worm of prior art 35, for wood raw material being delivered to swing roller 34.Dust arrester can be the deduster 36 of being located at the top of roller dryer discharging opening, for example commercially available cyclone dust collectors; Also can be the two-stage dust pelletizing system that the two cloth bag pulse dust collectors of the disclosed primary cyclone of patent CN201974019U and secondary form.
The discharging opening place living beings wood pellet fuel finished product of extruded granule machine 5; directly input the calcining furnace also heat supply of burn by the hopper 33 at calcining furnace 31 tops; on the one hand its suit measures to local conditions, gather materials on the spot, without extra heat source; combustion heat value, combustion rate and the thermal efficiency of all right aimed detection living beings wood pellet fuel finished product on the other hand, to monitor in real time quality and the fluctuation thereof of living beings wood pellet fuel finished product.
Incorporated by reference to referring to accompanying drawing 2, living beings wood pellet fuel production equipment of the present utility model, comprises the vibratory sieve 1 that connects successively, sawdust pulverizer 2, above-mentioned roller dryer 3, material room 4, village and extruded granule machine 5.Wood raw material jagsaw powder pulverizer 2 is transported to roller dryer 3 and dries to control its moisture, then be delivered to granulator 5 extrusion modlings after pulverizing, and makes living beings wood pellet fuel.
The moisture of wood raw material produces considerable influence to the compression ratio of extrusion modling, and moisture is too high or too low, is difficult to obtain comparatively desirable compression ratio, thereby affects combustion heat value, combustion rate and the thermal efficiency of living beings wood pellet fuel.Between roller dryer 3 and extruded granule machine 5, be provided with material room 4, village, for the moisture of transfer, detection wood raw material, good to ensure the moisture control of wood raw material.Need to add the wood chip that humidity is larger to mix if too dry; If humidity is too high, also need further dry.For preventing that the wood raw material in material room 4, village from flying upward everywhere, material 4 tops, room, village can also be provided with deduster or collection tube of dust.
Incorporated by reference to referring to accompanying drawing 3, vibratory sieve 1 in the present embodiment comprises screen cloth 11 and is positioned at the collecting bin 12 under screen cloth 11, collecting bin 12 is directly connected with the discharging opening of sawdust pulverizer 2 by conveyer belt, and large wood raw material after sub-sieve on screen cloth 11 inputted the charging aperture of sawdust pulverizer 2 by conveyer belt.Screen cloth 11 is connected with motor 14 by vibrating shaft 13.Screen cloth 11 is removably installed in the top of collecting bin 12, and screen cloth 11 is provided with the through hole that diameter is 0.05-2mm.Screen cloth 11 is removably installed, and can require to change according to the particle diameter control of different wood raw materials.For preventing that the wood pellet on screen cloth 11 from flying upward everywhere, described screen cloth 11 tops are also provided with cyclone dust collectors 15.
Wherein, sawdust pulverizer 2 can be commercially available various sawdust pulverizers, multifunctional crusher, multi-functional wood chip machine etc. that such as Henan Song Chuan mining machinery Co., Ltd manufactures, can be various patent pulverizer products, the such as disclosed living beings pulverizing of patent CN102824940A machine etc.
Wood raw material crushing process is: mixed wood raw material is transported to vibratory sieve 1, and large the wood raw material that vibratory sieve 1 sieves out is transported to sawdust pulverizer 2 and pulverizes, and the discharging opening of jagsaw powder pulverizer 2 flows into roller dryer 3; After vibratory sieve 1 sub-sieve, be gathered in the wood chip of collecting bin 12 by screen cloth 11, its particle diameter has met production requirement, does not need further pulverizing, is directly transported to the discharging opening of sawdust pulverizer 2, with through pulverize wood raw material together with flow into roller dryer 3.Adopt vibratory sieve 1 tentatively to sieve wood chip, and wood chip qualified particle diameter is directly transported to the discharging opening of sawdust pulverizer 2, thereby reduce the inlet amount of sawdust pulverizer 2, improve the pulverizing quality of large wood raw material, enhance productivity, save energy consumption.
Above disclosed is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, certainly can not limit with this interest field of the utility model, and the equivalent variations of therefore doing according to the utility model claim, still belongs to the scope that the utility model is contained.

Claims (8)

1. a roller dryer, be applicable to dried wood chips raw material, comprise heating plant, pay-off, drying unit and dust arrester, it is characterized in that: described heating plant comprises calcining furnace, be located at the air blast of calcining furnace bottom and be located at the hopper at calcining furnace top.
2. roller dryer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described hopper is connected with extruded granule machine discharging opening by conveyer belt, for inputting living beings wood pellet fuel finished product as fuel.
3. roller dryer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described pay-off is conveying worm, for wood raw material is delivered to drying unit.
4. roller dryer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described drying unit is the swing roller with flight structure.
5. roller dryer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described dust arrester is cyclone dust collectors, is located at the top of roller dryer discharging opening.
6. a living beings wood pellet fuel production equipment, comprises successively the sawdust pulverizer that connects, according to the roller dryer described in any one in claim 1 to 5 and extruded granule machine.
7. living beings wood pellet fuel production equipment according to claim 6, is characterized in that: between roller dryer and extruded granule machine, be provided with material room, village, for the moisture of transfer wood raw material and detection wood raw material.
8. living beings wood pellet fuel production equipment according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: before sawdust pulverizer, be provided with vibratory sieve, comprise screen cloth and the collecting bin that is positioned at screen cloth below, collecting bin is directly connected with the discharging opening of sawdust pulverizer by conveyer belt, and large wood raw material after sub-sieve on screen cloth inputted the charging aperture of sawdust pulverizer by conveyer belt.
CN201420280960.3U 2014-05-28 2014-05-28 Roller dryer and comprise its living beings wood pellet fuel production equipment Expired - Fee Related CN203928676U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420280960.3U CN203928676U (en) 2014-05-28 2014-05-28 Roller dryer and comprise its living beings wood pellet fuel production equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420280960.3U CN203928676U (en) 2014-05-28 2014-05-28 Roller dryer and comprise its living beings wood pellet fuel production equipment

Publications (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103992837A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-20 德清富森利节能科技有限公司 Production equipment for biomass wood pellet fuel
CN105435565A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-30 洛阳开拓新能源开发有限公司 Biomass fuel dehumidification system
WO2018086198A1 (en) * 2016-11-14 2018-05-17 刘毅能 Device for producing higher heating value biomass fuel using agricultural and forest residues

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103992837A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-20 德清富森利节能科技有限公司 Production equipment for biomass wood pellet fuel
CN105435565A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-30 洛阳开拓新能源开发有限公司 Biomass fuel dehumidification system
CN105435565B (en) * 2015-11-24 2018-01-30 重庆骐福能源有限公司 biomass fuel dehumidification system
WO2018086198A1 (en) * 2016-11-14 2018-05-17 刘毅能 Device for producing higher heating value biomass fuel using agricultural and forest residues

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EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
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Granted publication date: 20141105

Termination date: 20150528