CN208832956U - Potato high moisture material second drying apparatus - Google Patents

Potato high moisture material second drying apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208832956U
CN208832956U CN201821455940.XU CN201821455940U CN208832956U CN 208832956 U CN208832956 U CN 208832956U CN 201821455940 U CN201821455940 U CN 201821455940U CN 208832956 U CN208832956 U CN 208832956U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
machine
drying
cyclone dust
high moisture
dust collectors
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201821455940.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗刚银
魏新国
周会川
刘占军
赵高威
崔刘勇
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Zhengzhou Dingli New Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Zhengzhou Dingli New Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201821455940.XU priority Critical patent/CN208832956U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of potato high moisture material second drying apparatus, potato high moisture material second drying apparatus, including the dewaterer for carrying out first time dehydration to wet stock, first chain grate furnace, roller drying machine, first disintegrator, airflow dryer, second chain grate furnace, first cyclone dust collectors, first chain grate furnace is used for roller drying machine for hot gas, the first screw feeding machine is equipped between dewaterer and the feed end of roller drying machine, spiral discharging machine is equipped between the discharge end and first disintegrator of roller drying machine, second chain grate furnace is used for airflow dryer for hot gas, the second screw feeding machine is equipped between first disintegrator and airflow dryer, the connection of the discharge port of first cyclone dust collectors and airflow dryer.The utility model can carry out drying and processing twice, good drying effect to potato wet stock.

Description

Potato high moisture material second drying apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to potato drying materials processing technology fields, and in particular to a kind of secondary baking of potato high moisture material Dry equipment.
Background technique
The potatos such as potato, cassava are adaptable, widely distributed, and content of starch is high, worldwide a large amount of plantations.Make For the potato starch and starch deep processing industry for realizing one of value-added main path of grain, it is increasingly subject to the attention of various countries, is produced Industryization development enters climax.
In potato starch production process, a large amount of wet slag byproduct is discharged, water content is up to 87%~92%.Due to potato Class production season is concentrated, and potato slag yield is big, potato slag bulk deposition not only occupied ground, but also potato slag is not easy storage transport, corruption After generate stench, pollute environment.But after potato slag addition Dry corn stalk stalk or small pea stalk, wheat bran skin etc. are stirred, hair Ferment ox feed, pannage effect are fine, and research has shown that, in the ingredient of potato slag (especially potato residues), contain The ingredients such as a large amount of starch, cellulose, pectin and a small amount of protein have very high development and reuse value.
Potato slag is mechanically difficult to separate since grain slag is tightly combined, larger with traditional oven drying method energy consumption, efficiency compared with It is low, it can not achieve industrialization continuous and stable production.Potato residue dehydration rate is low, is not easy storage transport;And exhaust gas, the waste residue pair being discharged Environment causes bigger pollution.
Utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of potato high moisture material second drying apparatus, to improve potato Slag treatment process In dehydration rate.
To achieve the above object, the utility model potato high moisture material second drying apparatus adopts the following technical scheme that potato Class high moisture material second drying apparatus, including dewaterer, the first chain grate furnace, roller for carrying out first time dehydration to wet stock Dryer, first disintegrator, airflow dryer, the second chain grate furnace, the first cyclone dust collectors, the first chain grate furnace are used to dry to roller Dry machine is equipped with the first screw feeding machine, the discharging of roller drying machine for hot gas between dewaterer and the feed end of roller drying machine Spiral discharging machine is equipped between end and first disintegrator, the material that roller drying machine is discharged is delivered to the first powder by spiral discharging machine In broken machine, the second chain grate furnace is used to airflow dryer be equipped with the second spiral shell between first disintegrator and airflow dryer for hot gas Feeder is revolved, the second screw feeding machine through the smashed material of first disintegrator for that will be delivered to airflow dryer, the first rotation The connection of the discharge port of wind deduster and airflow dryer, first cyclone dust collectors are connected with the first blower.
Further, the discharge end of the roller drying machine is connected with the second cyclone dust collectors, and the second cyclone dust collectors connect It is connected to the second blower, the air outlet of the second blower is connected with air hose, and air hose is for exhausting gases into pond.
Further, the discharge port of first cyclone dust collectors is connected with the second crushing by third screw feeding machine Machine, the second pulverizer are used for the processing of material separating twice.
Further, the potato high moisture material second drying apparatus further includes sack cleaner, is generated in drying course Exhaust gas entered by the air outlet of the first cyclone dust collectors and carry out final dusting in sack cleaner, the air outlet of the first blower It is connected with air hose, the air hose is for exhausting gases into pond.
Further, the dewaterer is belt type dewaterer, and dewaterer is connected with belt material-feeding machine.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that potato dreg type material water content is very high, traditional stoving process is only with first drying The mode of forming, drying effect are poor.The drying process equipment of the utility model includes dewaterer, roller drying machine, air-flow Then dryer, pulverizer, the dehydration before first being dried using dewaterer to wet stock are carried out using roller drying machine First drying and processing, the material after first drying are crushed, then secondary to the progress of smashed material using airflow dryer Drying, dries twice, improves drying efficiency, improve dehydration rate.Material after secondary drying also passes through at cyclone dust collectors Reason reduces pollution.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structure and schematic layout pattern of the utility model potato high moisture material second drying apparatus.
Corresponding title: 1, charging belt machine, 2, dewaterer, 3, dewaterer discharging machine, the 4, first chain row are respectively marked in figure Furnace, 5, quirk, the 6, first screw feeding machine, 7, roller drying machine, the 8, second cyclone dust collectors, 9, spiral discharging machine, 10, second Blower, 11, pond, the 12, first blower, 13, sack cleaner, the 14, second pulverizer, the 15, first cyclone dust collectors, 16, rotation Wind adverse currentcooling deduster, 17, bucket elevator, 18, baling press, 19, finished product bin, the 20, second chain grate furnace, 21, first Pulverizer, 22, airflow dryer.
Specific embodiment
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art's every other embodiment obtained, all belongs to In the range of the utility model protection.
The embodiment of the utility model potato high moisture material second drying apparatus: as shown in Figure 1, potato high moisture material is secondary Drying equipment, including dewaterer 2, the first chain grate furnace 4, the roller drying machine 7, first for carrying out first time dehydration to wet stock Pulverizer 21, airflow dryer 22, the second chain grate furnace 20, the first cyclone dust collectors 15, the second cyclone dust collectors 8.
Potato high moisture material is sent into dewaterer 2 by charging belt machine 1, dewaterer is belt type dehydration in the present embodiment Machine, the principle of dewaterer belong to the prior art, and others, such as centrifugal dehydrator can also be used certainly.Dewaterer 2 and roller drying The first screw feeding machine 6 is equipped between the feed end of machine 7, dewaterer discharging machine 3 will be sent into first by dewatered material for the first time Screw feeding machine 6, and then material is sent into roller drying machine 7.First chain grate furnace 4 is used for roller drying machine 7 for hot gas, the two Between be equipped with quirk 5.
Spiral discharging machine 9 is equipped between the discharge end and first disintegrator 21 of roller drying machine 7, spiral discharging machine 9 will roll The material that cylinder drier 7 is discharged is delivered in first disintegrator 21.The is equipped between first disintegrator 21 and airflow dryer 22 Two screw feeding machines.Second screw feeding machine will be for that will be delivered to airflow dryer through the smashed material of first disintegrator 21 22, smashed material is dried by airflow dryer 22.Second chain grate furnace 20 is used for 22 heat supply of airflow dryer Gas.
The discharge end of roller drying machine 7 is connected with the second cyclone dust collectors 8, and the second cyclone dust collectors 8 are connected with the second wind Machine 10, the air outlet of the second blower 10 are connected with air hose, and air hose is used to exhaust gases into pond 11, carry out washing precipitating, To remove harmful substance.
The discharge port of first cyclone dust collectors 15 is connected with the second pulverizer 14 by third screw feeding machine, and second crushes Machine 14 is used for the processing of material separating twice.Second pulverizer is beater disintegrating machine, belongs to the prior art.After second crushes Material, enter in whirlwind adverse currentcooling deduster 16, material carries out cooling and dust removal process again herein, so that high temperature Material (200 degrees Celsius) is down to room temperature.Whirlwind adverse currentcooling deduster 16 is the prior art.First cyclone dust collectors with The discharge port of airflow dryer 22 connects, and the first cyclone dust collectors are connected with the first blower 12, the first blower 12 and the first whirlwind Sack cleaner 13, final dusting are additionally provided between deduster.Sack cleaner also belongs to the prior art.First blower 12 goes out Air port is also connected with air hose, and exhaust gas is delivered to pond 11 is inner to carry out washing precipitating.
When in use, steps are as follows for the utility model potato high moisture material second drying apparatus, (1), potato high moisture material Enter in belt type dewaterer 2 through charging belt machine 1 and dry preceding dehydration, removes the moisture of material 35% or so, this is first Secondary dehydration.
(2) dewatered half wet stock enters in roller drying machine 7 through the first screw feeding machine 6, carries out second and is dehydrated. It is first adequately broken up and is stirred by the axis of breaing up in roller drying machine 7, then (temperature is taken the photograph 400~500 in high-temperature hot-air Family name's degree) in roller rotary furnace drying, in material 40% or so moisture can be removed.
(3) material after first drying is transported to the first powder through spiral discharging machine 9 by the follower head of roller drying machine 7 In broken machine 21, material is crushed for the first time, smashed material particles partial size be no more than 1mm, 2 ton/hours of production capacity.Semi-moist object During material is dried for the first time in drying roller, a large amount of exhaust gas and dust can be generated.These exhaust gas and dust are through rolling The air hose of 7 discharge end of cylinder drier enters in the second cyclone dust collectors 8 and first carries out dust removal process, the object in exhaust gas and dust Material is fallen into after dedusting in spiral discharging machine 9, and exhaust gas is then discharged by the air outlet of cyclone dust collectors by air-introduced machine, discharge Exhaust gas is transported to that closed pond 11 is inner to carry out washing precipitating through air hose, to remove the harmful substance of the inside, reduces to environment Pollution.
(4) smashed semi-moist potato slag material is transported in airflow dryer 22, in airflow dryer 22, loose Granular material dispersion is suspended in hot-air (temperature is at 200~250 degrees Celsius), and the two is sufficiently mixed, in air-flow entrainment Moment removes moisture in the process, is alternately changed by the size of airflow drying tube caliber, so that material particles flow in drying tube The alternating variation of speed, thus the caloic exchange area of material particles and hot-air is improved, heat and mass is high-efficient, thus very short Time in achieve the purpose that evaporation drying, this process can remove in material 20% or so moisture.
(5) material is introduced into the first cyclone dust collectors after airflow dryer 22 completes drying, after completing dedusting, into Enter and carry out separating twice in beater disintegrating machine, smashed material particles partial size be no more than 0.3mm, 1.5 ton/hours of production capacity. During material carries out secondary drying in airflow dryer 22, a large amount of exhaust gas and dust can be equally generated.These exhaust gas It is entered with dust and first carries out dust removal process in the first cyclone dust collectors, exhaust gas is then entered by the air outlet of the first cyclone dust collectors Final dusting is carried out into sack cleaner 13, the exhaust gas after final dusting is discharged through the first air-introduced machine, is transported to by air hose close The pond 11 closed is inner to carry out washing precipitating, to remove the harmful substance of the inside, reduces the pollution to environment.
(6) it after material goes out beater disintegrating machine, enters in whirlwind adverse currentcooling deduster 16, material carries out cold herein But and again dust removal process, so that high-temperature material (200 degrees Celsius) is down to room temperature.Material after cooling is by bucket elevator 17 are transported in finished product bin 19, are then packed by baling press 18, so far complete entire production process.
The utility model potato high moisture material second drying apparatus production process is also adjustable:
1, temperature controller is housed in the forward and backward tip position of roller drying machine 7, roller can be dried according to temperature controller The temperature of dry machine 7 is monitored control.When roller drying machine 7 when the temperature is excessively high, can by accelerate drum rotation speed shorten drying when Between, or increase the measures such as feedstock amount to be adjusted;When 7 temperature of roller drying machine is too low, by reducing roller Revolving speed, or feedstock amount is reduced, to improve drying temperature.
2, temperature controller is housed on chain grate furnace, control can be monitored according to temperature of the temperature controller to chain grate furnace. When the temperature is excessively high, its temperature can be reduced by reducing the upper coal amount of coaling machine;It when the temperature is too low, can be by increasing upper coal The upper coal amount of machine improves its temperature.
3, temperature controller and cold wind turnover panel are housed on airflow dryer, the temperature of airflow dryer can be supervised accordingly Observing and controlling system.When in airflow dryer when the temperature is excessively high, the temperature of the chain grate furnace of hot wind being supplied to it by reducing, or is passed through Increase the measures such as the air output of cold wind turnover panel to be adjusted;When its temperature is too low, the chain of hot wind is supplied to it by improving The temperature of grate furnace, or be adjusted by measures such as the air outputs of reduction cold wind turnover panel.
The utility model potato high moisture material second drying apparatus has following characteristics:
1, high production efficiency.The utility model is using the dryer of roller frame, it can be achieved that continuous 24 hours continual Production reduces human input, greatly improves yield.
2, the easy control of drying course.Traditional dryer, drying course are difficult visual control, so as to cause the product matter of production It measures irregular.Continuous roller drying machine+pulsed gas flow dryer according to the temperature display of temperature controller and can be produced The degree of drying of the product come is at any time effectively adjusted the processes such as charging, heating, crushing, dedusting in production, can be light Satisfactory product out easy to produce.
3, good drying effect.Because potato dreg type material water content is very high, traditional stoving process is shaped only with first drying Mode, drying effect are poor.If drying temperature is excessively high, the starch inside potato slag is usually gelatinized or drying temperature is too low, potato slag The moisture of the inside removes not fall again.Continuous roller drying machine+pulsed gas flow dryer secondary drying mould of the utility model Formula not only increases drying efficiency, in turn ensures the quality of material.Pulsed gas flow dryer is former using air-flow wink-dry Reason, due to air velocity height, material is well dispersed in the gas phase, greatly shortens drying time, and dry diabatic process is strong Degree is big, and hot wind utilization rate is high, and energy consumption significantly reduces.
4. drying course is environmentally friendly.What is generated in continuous roller drying machine+pulsed gas flow dryer drying course is useless Slag exhaust gas, by dedusting exhaust equipments at different levels such as cyclone dust removal, bag-type dusting, adverse currentcooling dedusting, air-introduced machine, sealing ponds Purified treatment after, basic smokeless in production process reaches exhaust gas evacuation standard, not can cause environmental pollution.

Claims (5)

1. potato high moisture material second drying apparatus, it is characterised in that: including being taken off for carrying out first time dehydration to wet stock Water dispenser, the first chain grate furnace, roller drying machine, first disintegrator, airflow dryer, the second chain grate furnace, the first cyclone dust collectors, the One chain grate furnace is used to roller drying machine be equipped with the first spiral feeding between dewaterer and the feed end of roller drying machine for hot gas Machine, is equipped with spiral discharging machine between the discharge end and first disintegrator of roller drying machine, spiral discharging machine arranges roller drying machine Material out is delivered in first disintegrator, and the second chain grate furnace is used for airflow dryer for hot gas, first disintegrator and air-flow The second screw feeding machine is equipped between dryer, the second screw feeding machine through the smashed material of first disintegrator for that will convey To airflow dryer, the discharge port of the first cyclone dust collectors and airflow dryer is connected, and first cyclone dust collectors are connected with First blower.
2. potato high moisture material second drying apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the roller drying machine Discharge end is connected with the second cyclone dust collectors, and the second cyclone dust collectors are connected with the second blower, the air outlet connection of the second blower There is air hose, the air hose is for exhausting gases into pond.
3. potato high moisture material second drying apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: first cyclone dust removal The discharge port of device is connected with the second pulverizer by third screw feeding machine, and the second pulverizer is used for material separating twice Reason.
4. potato high moisture material second drying apparatus according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the potato high moisture material Second drying apparatus further includes sack cleaner, and the exhaust gas generated in drying course is entered by the air outlet of the first cyclone dust collectors Final dusting is carried out into sack cleaner, the air outlet of the first blower is connected with air hose, and the air hose is for exhausting gases into In pond.
5. potato high moisture material second drying apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the dewaterer is belt Dewaterer, dewaterer are connected with belt material-feeding machine.
CN201821455940.XU 2018-09-06 2018-09-06 Potato high moisture material second drying apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN208832956U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821455940.XU CN208832956U (en) 2018-09-06 2018-09-06 Potato high moisture material second drying apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821455940.XU CN208832956U (en) 2018-09-06 2018-09-06 Potato high moisture material second drying apparatus

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CN208832956U true CN208832956U (en) 2019-05-07

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108844359A (en) * 2018-09-06 2018-11-20 郑州鼎力新能源技术有限公司 Potato high moisture material second drying apparatus and method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108844359A (en) * 2018-09-06 2018-11-20 郑州鼎力新能源技术有限公司 Potato high moisture material second drying apparatus and method

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20190507

Termination date: 20190906