CN104531256A - Environment-friendly biomass pellet fuel production method - Google Patents

Environment-friendly biomass pellet fuel production method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104531256A
CN104531256A CN201410685859.0A CN201410685859A CN104531256A CN 104531256 A CN104531256 A CN 104531256A CN 201410685859 A CN201410685859 A CN 201410685859A CN 104531256 A CN104531256 A CN 104531256A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
environment
production
particle
specific
water ratio
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201410685859.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐福辉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GUANGDE LEIQI AGRICULTURAL AND SIDELINE PRODUCT WASTE UTILIZATION Co Ltd
Original Assignee
GUANGDE LEIQI AGRICULTURAL AND SIDELINE PRODUCT WASTE UTILIZATION Co Ltd
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Application filed by GUANGDE LEIQI AGRICULTURAL AND SIDELINE PRODUCT WASTE UTILIZATION Co Ltd filed Critical GUANGDE LEIQI AGRICULTURAL AND SIDELINE PRODUCT WASTE UTILIZATION Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410685859.0A priority Critical patent/CN104531256A/en
Publication of CN104531256A publication Critical patent/CN104531256A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The present invention relates to the technical field of new energy, and discloses an environment-friendly biomass pellet fuel production method which comprises the following steps in turn: drying, to be more specific, naturally drying a biomass wood dust raw material until the moisture content is 6 to 18%; crushing, to be more specific, crushing the dried raw material with a crusher into powder, sieving with a sieve with the mesh size of 4-8mm; mixing, to be more specific, adding water and sawdust of pine into the powder, mixing evenly with a mixing machine, and controlling the moisture content to be 15%-25%; granulating, to be more specific, softening the evenly mixed material by steam, transmitting to a pelletizing machine for extrusion and pelletizing to press into particles with the diameter of 5-15mm, the length of 3-6cm and the moisture content of 15%-20%; cooling, to be more specific, conveying straw particles into a cooler for cooling, and screening, wherein the particle moisture content is 10-15%. The environment-friendly biomass pellet fuel production method has the advantages of being simple, good in crushing effect, high in forming rate and good in product quality, and large in particle density, in the production process, the sawdust of pine as a binder is added, the biomass wood dust raw material is adopted as a raw material, and is high in burning rate, very low in bottom ash slagging rate, and low in combustion pollution.

Description

A kind of production method of environment-friendly biomass granular fuel
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of new energies, refer more particularly to a kind of production method of environment-friendly biomass granular fuel.
Background technology
Energy problem is one of deciding factor affecting socio-economic development, solve the dynamical problem that energy problem just solves Economic development, the conventional energy resources of China is in short supply has had a strong impact on socioeconomic fast development, and fossil energy concentrates use on a large scale, discharge the materials such as great amount of carbon dioxide, sulfurous gas, oxynitride, cause harm to the living environment of the mankind, countries in the world strengthen the development research of renewable energy technologies all energetically for this reason.Biomass are as the fourth-largest Energy resources, critical role is occupied in renewable energy source, exploitation biomass energy both can supplement the shortage of conventional energy resources, also there is great environmental benefit, compare with other biological mass-energy source technology, biomass granule fuel technology more easily realizes scale operation and use, use the comfort level of biomass granule fuel can match in excellence or beauty with combustion gas, fuel oil equal energy source, utilize the close molding device of biomass to produce granular fuel project and meet national industrial policies, there is good economic benefit and social benefit.
The production technique of the biomass granule fuel generally adopted at present, comprises the following steps: 1) dry: to reduce the moisture in raw material, be convenient to fragmentation; 2) broken: by repeatedly broken, biomass material to be crushed to below 10mm; 3) tackiness agent is added: improve its adhesivity, be convenient to granulation; 4) dryly to stir: raw material is undertaken stirring by hot blast, dry, mix, make its water content control about 20%; 5) extrusion molding: the biomass granule fuel obtaining granularity 8-20mm; 6) dry: biomass granule fuel is dried; Corresponding use be produced into complete equipment, comprise the dryer be arranged in order, biomass crusher, flue gas drying stirrer, shaping extruder, the drying machine of more than two, belt feeder is equipped with between adjacent two machines, one hotblast stove is connected with the feed end of flue gas drying stirrer with wind cold drying machine respectively by airduct, flue gas drying stirrer is all connected with blower fan by dehumidifier airduct with the discharge end of wind cold drying machine, also pay-off is provided with, to add tackiness agent above flue gas drying stirrer opening for feed.This production technique is more loaded down with trivial details, and use equipment build comparatively large, cost is higher.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of production method of environment-friendly biomass granular fuel, cost is low, and production method is simple.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is by the following technical solutions:
A production method for environment-friendly biomass granular fuel, comprises following sequential steps:
(1) dry: by biomass wood raw material through seasoning, to water ratio at 6-18%;
(2) pulverize: dried raw material pulverizer is ground into powder, sieves, mesh size is 4 ~ 8mm;
(3) mix: added water by powder and after pine sawdust, mix with mixer, controlling water ratio is 15% ~ 25%;
(4) granulation: softened through steam by the material mixed, is sent to extruder grain in tablets press, is pressed into that diameter is 5-15mm, length is the particle of 3-6cm, and water ratio is 15% ~ 20%;
(5) cool: stalk particle is transported to cooling in water cooler, screening, particle water ratio is 10-15%.
Further, the production method of described environment-friendly biomass granular fuel is further comprising the steps of:
(6) be packaged into the multiple film woven bag of handtailor polypropylene with the finished product of 25kg/ bag.
Further, the particle water ratio of described step (5) is 12-13%.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: production method of the present invention is simple, good crushing effect, and ratio of briquetting is high, good product quality, pellet density is large, adds pine sawdust in production process, can as tackiness agent, raw material of the present invention adopts biomass wood raw material, rate of combustion is high, and bottom ash clinkering rate is very low, and Air–pollution From Combustion is little, and the equipment of production and application is simple, effectively reduces cost.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, technical scheme of the present invention is further described in detail.
Embodiment one:
A production method for environment-friendly biomass granular fuel, comprises following sequential steps:
(1) dry: by biomass wood raw material through seasoning, to water ratio 18%;
(2) pulverize: dried raw material pulverizer is ground into powder, sieves, mesh size is 8mm;
(3) mix: added water by powder and after pine sawdust, mix with mixer, controlling water ratio is 25%;
(4) granulation: softened through steam by the material mixed, is sent to extruder grain in tablets press, is pressed into that diameter is 15mm, length is the particle of 6cm, and water ratio is 20%;
(5) cool: stalk particle is transported to cooling in water cooler, screening, particle water ratio is 15%.
(6) be packaged into the multiple film woven bag of handtailor polypropylene with the finished product of 25kg/ bag.
Embodiment two:
A production method for environment-friendly biomass granular fuel, comprises following sequential steps:
(1) dry: by biomass wood raw material through seasoning, to water ratio 6%;
(2) pulverize: dried raw material pulverizer is ground into powder, sieves, mesh size is 4mm;
(3) mix: added water by powder and after pine sawdust, mix with mixer, controlling water ratio is 15%;
(4) granulation: softened through steam by the material mixed, is sent to extruder grain in tablets press, is pressed into that diameter is 5mm, length is the particle of 3cm, and water ratio is 15%;
(5) cool: stalk particle is transported to cooling in water cooler, screening, particle water ratio is 10%.
(6) be packaged into the multiple film woven bag of handtailor polypropylene with the finished product of 25kg/ bag.
Embodiment three:
A production method for environment-friendly biomass granular fuel, comprises following sequential steps:
(1) dry: by biomass wood raw material through seasoning, to water ratio 12%;
(2) pulverize: dried raw material pulverizer is ground into powder, sieves, mesh size is 6mm;
(3) mix: added water by powder and after pine sawdust, mix with mixer, controlling water ratio is 20%;
(4) granulation: softened through steam by the material mixed, is sent to extruder grain in tablets press, is pressed into that diameter is 10mm, length is the particle of 5cm, and water ratio is 17%;
(5) cool: stalk particle is transported to cooling in water cooler, screening, particle water ratio is 13%.
(6) be packaged into the multiple film woven bag of handtailor polypropylene with the finished product of 25kg/ bag.
It should be noted last that, above embodiment is only in order to illustrate technical scheme of the present invention and unrestricted, although with reference to preferred embodiment to invention has been detailed description, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can modify to technical scheme of the present invention or equivalent replacement, and not departing from the spirit and scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should be encompassed in the middle of right of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a production method for environment-friendly biomass granular fuel, is characterized in that, comprises following sequential steps:
(1) dry: by biomass wood raw material through seasoning, to water ratio at 6-18%;
(2) pulverize: dried raw material pulverizer is ground into powder, sieves, mesh size is 4 ~ 8mm;
(3) mix: added water by powder and after pine sawdust, mix with mixer, controlling water ratio is 15% ~ 25%;
(4) granulation: softened through steam by the material mixed, is sent to extruder grain in tablets press, is pressed into that diameter is 5-15mm, length is the particle of 3-6cm, and water ratio is 15% ~ 20%;
(5) cool: stalk particle is transported to cooling in water cooler, screening, particle water ratio is 10-15%.
2. the production method of environment-friendly biomass granular fuel according to claim 1, is characterized in that, further comprising the steps of:
(6) be packaged into the multiple film woven bag of handtailor polypropylene with the finished product of 25kg/ bag.
3. the production method of environment-friendly biomass granular fuel according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the particle water ratio of described step (5) is 12-13%.
CN201410685859.0A 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 Environment-friendly biomass pellet fuel production method Pending CN104531256A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410685859.0A CN104531256A (en) 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 Environment-friendly biomass pellet fuel production method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410685859.0A CN104531256A (en) 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 Environment-friendly biomass pellet fuel production method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104531256A true CN104531256A (en) 2015-04-22

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105505507A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-04-20 黄山锦富生物能源有限公司 Biomass granule fuel prepared from peels of carya cathayensis sarg and production method thereof
CN105885989A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-08-24 安徽省珍云生物能源有限公司 Efficient environmental-friendly fuel rod and preparation method thereof
CN107629829A (en) * 2017-10-17 2018-01-26 陈远志 The preparation method of bacterium bud, wood chip and cigarette stalk granular fuel
CN107815333A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-03-20 公主岭市胜利汇丰种植农民专业合作社 A kind of environment-friendly biomass granular fuel and preparation method thereof
CN109042073A (en) * 2018-07-11 2018-12-21 鹰点(厦门)供应链管理有限公司 A kind of edible mushroom dedicated biomass particle and preparation method thereof
CN109628191A (en) * 2017-10-09 2019-04-16 辽宁森能再生能源有限公司 A kind of biologic grain and preparation method thereof

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102011114232A1 (en) * 2011-09-26 2013-03-28 Fabian Holzner Producing compressed fuel by biomass e.g. agricultural, forestry and plant trade and other biological wastes, comprises storing and mixing a biomass, dewatering the biomass from liquid and pasty substances, and adding other biomass
US20140259895A1 (en) * 2013-03-14 2014-09-18 Bonfire Biomass Conversions, LLC Mobile Pelletizing System

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102011114232A1 (en) * 2011-09-26 2013-03-28 Fabian Holzner Producing compressed fuel by biomass e.g. agricultural, forestry and plant trade and other biological wastes, comprises storing and mixing a biomass, dewatering the biomass from liquid and pasty substances, and adding other biomass
US20140259895A1 (en) * 2013-03-14 2014-09-18 Bonfire Biomass Conversions, LLC Mobile Pelletizing System

Non-Patent Citations (2)

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Title
张百良: "《生物质成型燃料技术与工程化》", 31 December 2012, 科学出版社 *
杜海清: "《热工学及陶瓷厂热工设备 上》", 31 October 1961, 湖南科学技术出版社 *

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105505507A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-04-20 黄山锦富生物能源有限公司 Biomass granule fuel prepared from peels of carya cathayensis sarg and production method thereof
CN105885989A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-08-24 安徽省珍云生物能源有限公司 Efficient environmental-friendly fuel rod and preparation method thereof
CN109628191A (en) * 2017-10-09 2019-04-16 辽宁森能再生能源有限公司 A kind of biologic grain and preparation method thereof
CN107629829A (en) * 2017-10-17 2018-01-26 陈远志 The preparation method of bacterium bud, wood chip and cigarette stalk granular fuel
CN107815333A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-03-20 公主岭市胜利汇丰种植农民专业合作社 A kind of environment-friendly biomass granular fuel and preparation method thereof
CN109042073A (en) * 2018-07-11 2018-12-21 鹰点(厦门)供应链管理有限公司 A kind of edible mushroom dedicated biomass particle and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20150422

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