CN102893847A - Seedling raising substrate and cutting propagation method of bilberry plants - Google Patents

Seedling raising substrate and cutting propagation method of bilberry plants Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102893847A
CN102893847A CN2012103613874A CN201210361387A CN102893847A CN 102893847 A CN102893847 A CN 102893847A CN 2012103613874 A CN2012103613874 A CN 2012103613874A CN 201210361387 A CN201210361387 A CN 201210361387A CN 102893847 A CN102893847 A CN 102893847A
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China
Prior art keywords
mud
cutting
liver moss
seedling
perlite
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CN2012103613874A
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Chinese (zh)
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王贺新
乌凤章
陈英敏
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Dalian University
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Dalian University
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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

The invention discloses a seedling raising substrate of bilberry plants, wherein mud moss or a mixed substrate of mud moss and perlite, of mud moss and vermiculite or of mud moss, perlite and vermiculite is selected. The invention further discloses a cutting propagation method of bilberry plants. The cutting propagation method is characterized in that the seedling raising substrate is disinfected through bactericide and then is evenly paved in a cutting bed; annual half-lignification bilberry plant branches or bilberry tissue culture seedling stem sections are selected to serve as cutting branches, and cutting spike base portions of the cutting branches are fast dipped into 500-1500mg/L indolebutyric acid or soaked in 100-300mg/L naphthylacetic acid for 2 h; processed cutting branches are inserted into a cutting bed for 1-3cm; and seedling raising is carried out on the premise of keeping the seedling raising substrate at 50-70% in moisture content, at 15-28 DEG C in temperature and at air humidity in 80-90%. The seedling raising substrate is applicable to bilberry seedling raising in cutting mode, and the cutting propagation method can improve seedling raising survival rate and ensure that raised seedlings are robust, free of pest and disease damage and high in quality.

Description

The seedling medium of a kind of genus vaccinium plant and cuttage breeding method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the plant asexual multiplication technology field, more particularly, relate to seedling medium and the cuttage breeding method of genus vaccinium plant, be particularly useful for the fast seedling growing of various blueberries.
Background technology
Blueberry also claims blueberry (Blueberry), belongs to Ericaceae genus vaccinium undershrub.Its fruit pulp is fine and smooth, and pericarp is thin, and seed is minimum, and juice is many, and sweet and sour palatability both can be eaten raw, also can be processed into jam, preserved fruit, fruit drink etc.Its fruit is except containing conventional sugar, outside acid and the vitamin C, also is rich in the trace elements such as rare special composition in other fruit such as anthocyan, vitamin E, vitamin A, Cobastab, SOD, protein, fat and abundant potassium, iron, zinc, manganese.At pre-myopia prevention, strengthen and have extremely important effect aspect cardiac function, anticancer, the anti-cardiovascular disease, therefore classified as one of human five large healthy food by international food and agricultural organization.
Cuttage is as the important means of its seedling-wood breeding, and is simple and easy to do, and a large amount of breeding nursery stock of energy bred within a short period of time, thereby is widely used.One of key factor of blueberry cuttage and seedling culture success is the selection of matrix.The effect of matrix is except supporting and fixedly the plant, the more important thing is that such as moisture, air, nutrient, acid-base value etc., and these are all relevant with the physicochemical character of matrix for plant growth provides stable, a suitable root system environment.The particle size of its mesostroma, density, total porosity etc. are important character parameters.The blueberry cutting medium mainly contains mud liver moss, the peat composed of rotten mosses, river sand etc.Experiment shows, take the mud liver moss as the cutting medium rooting rate apparently higher than other matrix.Mud liver moss water retention property is best, and air capacity of soils is good, and than corrosion resistant, and temperature changing amplitude is little, so it is suitable for the epicormic branch cuttage higher to moisture requirement.Major part is mentioned take liver moss as cutting medium in the former studies, and finds not to be that all liver mosses can be used as the blueberry cutting medium in the process of the test.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of matrix mud liver moss of suitable blueberry cuttage and seedling culture on the basis of understanding the blueberry Seedling Growth Characteristics in depth, adopt perfect cottage method, has improved the blueberry survival rate of seedling, guarantees to cultivate stalwartness, without the high quality seedling of damage by disease and insect.
In order to achieve the above object, the invention provides the seedling medium of a kind of genus vaccinium plant, select the mud liver moss, or mud liver moss and perlite, mud liver moss and vermiculite, again or the mixed-matrix of mud liver moss and perlite, vermiculite.
Under the optimal way, the mixed-matrix weight ratio is selected following mode:
Mud liver moss and perlite are 1:1;
Mud liver moss and vermiculite are 1:1;
Mud liver moss and perlite, vermiculite are 2:1:1.
The present invention also provides the method for utilizing above-mentioned seedling medium to carry out the breeding of genus vaccinium plant cuttage, comprises the steps:
S1, preparation seedling medium: described seedling medium is selected the mud liver moss, or mud liver moss and perlite, or mud liver moss and vermiculite, again or the mixed-matrix of mud liver moss and perlite, vermiculite;
Wherein, the mixed-matrix weight ratio is selected following mode:
Mud liver moss and perlite are 1:1;
Mud liver moss and vermiculite are 1:1;
Mud liver moss and perlite, vermiculite are 2:1:1.
S2, described seedling medium uniform spreading after the bactericide sterilization is located in the cutting bed;
S3, select then and to give birth to semi-lignified genus vaccinium plants shoots and blueberry tissue culturing seedling stem section as cutting, dip in described cutting with the indolebutyric acid speed of 500 ~ 1500mg/L, or soaked described cutting base portion 2 hours with the methyl α-naphthyl acetate of 100 ~ 300mg/L;
1 ~ 3cm in the described cutting bed is inserted in S4, the described cutting that will handle well;
Manage after S5, the cuttage: keep described seedling medium water content 50 ~ 70%, 15 ~ 28 ℃ of temperature, air humidity 80 ~ 90%.
Under the optimal way, among the S5, cuttage is after 20 days, spraying fungicide on matrix and the seedling, in good time fertilising behind the cuttage rooting.Wherein, under the optimum way, the using method of bactericide is: 500 ~ 700 times of liquid of spraying 50% powder of carbendazim on matrix and the seedling, 1 time weekly; The optimum way of fertilising is: apply N: P: K is that 13: 26: 13 or N: P: K is 15: 30: 4 complete value fertilizer, and fertilizer applies with liquid state, and concentration is 0.25 ~ 1%, per 20 days 1 time.
Seedling medium of the present invention is fit to the blueberry cuttage and seedling culture, and simultaneously the present invention has improved survival rate of seedling by improving cottage method, can guarantee to cultivate stalwartness, without the high quality seedling of damage by disease and insect.
Embodiment
The invention provides a kind of genus vaccinium plant cuttage propagation method take the mud liver moss as matrix.Wherein, matrix is the mud liver moss, or the mud liver moss: perlite is 1: 1, mud liver moss: vermiculite is 1:1, mud liver moss: perlite: vermiculite is the mixed-matrix of 2:1:1.
The seedling medium of genus vaccinium plant of the present invention and cuttage breeding method be particularly useful for the fast breeding of various blueberries, specifically realizes as follows:
(1) selection of plugged ear and processing: choosing give birth to then semi-lignified, fringe bar sturdy perfectly straight, leaf bud is full, blade is done plugged ear without the branch of damage by disease and insect, long 6 ~ the 8cm of plugged ear dips in the indolebutyric acid speed of 1000mg/L and to transplant a cutting or with the methyl α-naphthyl acetate immersion plugged ear base portion of 150mg/L 2 hours.
(2) cuttage: the plugged ear that upper step process is crossed is inserted in the seedling medium, and water content of substrate remains on 50 ~ 70%, porosity 60 ~ 70%, and insertion depth 1 ~ 3cm carries out plastic mulching.
(3) manage after the cuttage: every day spray cooling, 22 ~ 28 ℃ of temperature controls, humidity is controlled at about 80 ~ 90%.After the cuttage 20 days, 500 ~ 700 times of liquid of spraying 50% powder of carbendazim on matrix and the seedling, 1 time weekly.Remove at noon plastic film behind the cuttage rooting at 12 o'clock to 15 o'clock, reduce humidity, increase illumination, and carry out the work of weeding, insect protected; Apply N: P: K is that 13: 26: 13 or N: P: K is 15: 30: 4 complete value fertilizer, and fertilizer applies with liquid state, and concentration is about 1%, per 20 days 1 time.
Adopt this method, plugged ear begins to take root behind cuttage 20 ~ 30d, and survival rate is more than 90% behind the 50d, and seedling growth is healthy and strong, and breeding efficiency obviously improves.
The below elaborates to the concrete steps of this test method:
(1) prepare in the seedbed: cuttage the last week be tiled into thick seedbed, 2 ~ 5cm left and right sides after the mud liver moss is sterile-processed, can place one deck Polypropylence Sheet, nonwoven or be other planting soils and bare area below the slotting machine.
(2) selection of plugged ear and processing: choose annual germinating branch, this moment, the degree of lignification of fringe bar was low, be beneficial to the formation of callus, and then formation young root, the fringe bar should also be noted that when choosing select the fringe bar sturdy perfectly straight, leaf bud is full, blade is done plugged ear without the branch of damage by disease and insect, long 6 ~ the 8cm of plugged ear dips in the indolebutyric acid speed of 1000mg/L and to transplant a cutting or with the methyl α-naphthyl acetate immersion plugged ear base portion of 150mg/L 2 hours.
(3) cuttage: carry out at favorable season, the plugged ear that upper step process is crossed is inserted mud liver moss matrix, or mud liver moss: perlite is 1:1, mud liver moss: vermiculite is 1:1, mud liver moss: perlite: vermiculite is in the mixed-matrix of 2:1:1, insertion depth 1 ~ 3cm, be uncovered with bud and blade and be advisable, carry out plastic mulching, and note shading.
(4) manage after the cuttage: manage after the cuttage: every day spray cooling, number of times is according to the weather adjustment.22 ~ 28 ℃ of temperature controls, humidity is controlled at about 80 ~ 90%.After the cuttage 20 days, 500 ~ 700 times of liquid of spraying 50% powder of carbendazim on matrix and the seedling, 1 time weekly.Remove at noon plastic film behind the cuttage rooting at 12 ~ 15 o'clock, reduce humidity, increase illumination, and carry out the work of weeding, insect protected; Apply N: P: K is that 13: 26: 13 or N: P: K is 15: 30: 4 complete value fertilizer, and fertilizer applies with liquid state, and concentration is about 1%, per 20 days 1 time.
The above; only be the better embodiment of the present invention; but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this; anyly be familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses; be equal to replacement or change according to technical scheme of the present invention and inventive concept thereof, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. the seedling medium of a genus vaccinium plant is characterized in that, selects the mud liver moss, or mud liver moss and perlite, mud liver moss and vermiculite, again or the mixed-matrix of mud liver moss and perlite, vermiculite.
2. the seedling medium of described genus vaccinium plant according to claim 1 is characterized in that described mixed-matrix weight ratio is selected following mode:
Mud liver moss and perlite are 1:1;
Mud liver moss and vermiculite are 1:1;
Mud liver moss and perlite, vermiculite are 2:1:1.
3. the cuttage breeding method of a genus vaccinium plant is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
S1, preparation seedling medium: described seedling medium is selected the mud liver moss, or mud liver moss and perlite, or mud liver moss and vermiculite, again or the mixed-matrix of mud liver moss and perlite, vermiculite;
S2, described seedling medium uniform spreading after the bactericide sterilization is located in the cutting bed;
S3, select then and to give birth to semi-lignified genus vaccinium plants shoots and blueberry tissue culturing seedling stem section as cutting, dip in described cutting with the indolebutyric acid speed of 500 ~ 1500mg/L, or soaked described cutting base portion 2 hours with the methyl α-naphthyl acetate of 100 ~ 300mg/L;
1 ~ 3cm in the described cutting bed is inserted in S4, the described cutting that will handle well;
Manage after S5, the cuttage: keep described seedling medium water content 50 ~ 70%, 15 ~ 28 ℃ of temperature, air humidity 80 ~ 90%.
4. the cuttage breeding method of described genus vaccinium plant according to claim 3 is characterized in that, among the step S5, cuttage is after 20 days, spraying fungicide on matrix and the seedling, in good time fertilising behind the cuttage rooting.
5. the cuttage breeding method of described genus vaccinium plant according to claim 4 is characterized in that among the step S5, the use of bactericide is: 500 ~ 700 times of liquid of spraying 50% powder of carbendazim on matrix and the seedling, 1 time weekly.
6. the cuttage breeding method of arbitrary described genus vaccinium plant is characterized in that according to claim 3-5, among the step S5, apply N: P: K is that 13: 26: 13 or N: P: K is 15: 30: 4 complete value fertilizer, fertilizer applies with liquid state, and concentration is 0.25 ~ 1%, per 20 days 1 time.
CN2012103613874A 2012-09-25 2012-09-25 Seedling raising substrate and cutting propagation method of bilberry plants Pending CN102893847A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104542210A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-29 大连大学 Rapid propagation method for cranberry plant
CN104844356A (en) * 2015-05-04 2015-08-19 中国农业科学院柑桔研究所 Solid substrate for raising seedlings by citrus container and preparation method of solid substrate
CN104871762A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-09-02 中南林业科技大学 Cutting propagation method for rhododendron auriculatum
CN106359053A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-01 昆明学院 Cutting propagation method of peperomia dindygulensis miq
CN110915445A (en) * 2019-12-13 2020-03-27 句容市乡土树种研究所 Method for increasing survival rate of oriental blueberry cutting seedlings

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CN102415318A (en) * 2010-09-27 2012-04-18 曹建兵 Cultivation medium for fruits and vegetables in yard

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JP2009065942A (en) * 2007-09-14 2009-04-02 Chugoku Electric Power Co Inc:The Cuttage culture soil and cultivation method for blueberry
CN101129126A (en) * 2007-10-17 2008-02-27 南京大学 Cottage root promoting method of blueberry green branch
CN101416591A (en) * 2008-12-08 2009-04-29 山东省果树研究所 High-irrigation blueberry field young-shoot rooting plug-seeding direct seedling method
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104542210A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-29 大连大学 Rapid propagation method for cranberry plant
CN104542210B (en) * 2014-11-28 2017-01-25 大连大学 Rapid propagation method for cranberry plant
CN104871762A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-09-02 中南林业科技大学 Cutting propagation method for rhododendron auriculatum
CN104844356A (en) * 2015-05-04 2015-08-19 中国农业科学院柑桔研究所 Solid substrate for raising seedlings by citrus container and preparation method of solid substrate
CN106359053A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-01 昆明学院 Cutting propagation method of peperomia dindygulensis miq
CN110915445A (en) * 2019-12-13 2020-03-27 句容市乡土树种研究所 Method for increasing survival rate of oriental blueberry cutting seedlings

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Application publication date: 20130130