CN103039331A - Formula of color osmanthus plug cutting substrate on basis of earthworm cast and application method of formula - Google Patents

Formula of color osmanthus plug cutting substrate on basis of earthworm cast and application method of formula Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103039331A
CN103039331A CN2012105710385A CN201210571038A CN103039331A CN 103039331 A CN103039331 A CN 103039331A CN 2012105710385 A CN2012105710385 A CN 2012105710385A CN 201210571038 A CN201210571038 A CN 201210571038A CN 103039331 A CN103039331 A CN 103039331A
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China
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wormcast
osmanthus
color osmanthus
color
mineral
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CN103039331B (en
Inventor
董元华
兰成兵
刘肖肖
李建刚
倪竞德
党燕
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Jiangsu Aoyang Ecology Agriculture And Forestry Development Co ltd
Institute of Soil Science of CAS
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Jiangsu Aoyang Ecology Agriculture And Forestry Development Co ltd
Institute of Soil Science of CAS
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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

Disclosed are a formula of a color osmanthus plug cutting substrate on basis of earthworm cast and an application method of the formula. The color osmanthus plug cutting substrate is prepared by mixing the earthworm cast with a mineral material, the volume ratio of the earthworm cast to the mineral material is 9:1-3:7, livestock and poultry manure such as dairy manure is digested by earthworms, and then the earthworms are subjected to compost so as to obtain the earthworm cast, and the mineral material is one of perlite and vermiculite or a mixture of the perlite and the vermiculite. The rooting rate of color osmanthus can reach 60-80% at least mostly after the color osmanthus is subjected to cutting by the aid of the prepared substrate for 40 days, and root systems of the color osmanthus are fully distributed on cutting shoots.

Description

Cave, color osmanthus dish cutting medium prescription and using method based on wormcast
 
Technical field
The present invention relates to the agriculture and garden field, is special technology for color osmanthus fast seedling-breeding, relates in particular to a kind of cave, color osmanthus dish cutting medium prescription and using method based on wormcast.
 
Background technology
Color osmanthus is the evergreen dungarunga of Oleaceae (Oleaceae) Osmanthus or shrub.The osmanthus majority is the ornamencal flower and tree of Chinese Famous and good Landscape Tree Species, and wherein sweet osmanthus is one of ten large famous flowers of China, and shape, look, perfume (or spice), rhythm are all good, have very high ornamental value.Cloud Tian Caigui is the evergreen dungarunga of Oleaceae (Oleaceae) Osmanthus or shrub, and Flowering Characteristics is identical with common sweet osmanthus, and tree crown is avette, bark canescence, sprout aubergine.Blade is to life, and is avette or oval, the thicker keratin that is of blade quality, and vein is obvious, the petiole yellow green.Young sprout and tender leaf edge all are aubergines, and the leaf look can change along with growth, and gradual change forms the light yellow color alternate with pale green in the middle of the blade.Tender leaf crossfaded into yellow by aubergine in 15 days, then was light yellow alternate with light green in the middle of the leaf, blade edge flavescence look during by 1 month, and the middle part virescence, 3 months back edge are yellow-white, the middle part is green to be increased.Just red, yellow, the blue or green three kinds of color and lusters variation because of color osmanthus blade uniqueness demonstrates its ornamental value height, and as China important gardens and economic tree, market prospects are wide.
The CN102515960A disclosure of the Invention relate to a kind of container cultivation matrix for sweet-scented osmanthus, it is characterized in that described cultivation matrix comprises 45%~55% peat, 20%~30% rice chaff, 20%~30% rural area soil, 30kg/m 3Chelating fertilizer, 0.5kg/m 3Trace element fertilizer, peat in the described matrix: rice chaff: rural area soil=2:1:1, survival rate is between 22-99% after 9 months.CN102598918A disclosure of the Invention humus soil: the sweet osmanthus breeding matrix of the weight ratio mixed preparing of the peat composed of rotten mosses: chicken manure: vermiculite=4:3:2:1, breed with plasma treated fragrans seed.CN102523898A discloses the seedling-cultivating method of sweet osmanthus carrying out closed cuttage on twigs, it is smooth that the seedbed is chosen in physical features, the plot of fertile soil, and cutting bed makes the open country sunken bed, matrix is that 50% river sand adds 40% and burns soil and add the matrix that 10% perlite is mixed into, outer installation shed.Mid-June in summer to mid-August, in the season that arboreal growth is vigorous, the band leaf spray that utilizes sweet osmanthus to give birth to then semi-lignified carries out closed cuttage, begins to take root about 45 days, the epicormic branch cuttage survival rate that obtains is 94.6%.CN101563985 discloses a kind of technology of propagating bonsai seedling of sweet osmanthus through air layering, carry out the about 2cm of band girdle in the branch branch section that chooses with blade, and the Cambium tissue of destruction peeling place, coat the α-naphthaleneacetic acid solution of 600ppm in the wound, apply in the wound with moistening matrix (1 part of perlite, 4 parts of peat, 5 parts of fertile soils evenly mix), the outside ties with plastic film, fill with again sufficient water, and maintenance ground moistening, through 90-120 days, the wound grows root system, obtains healthy and strong sweet osmanthus potted landscape seedling.CN101569265 discloses a kind of rapid propagation method of osmanthus of non-test tube, the branch of sweet osmanthus is processed the rear fast propagating seedling bed that fills matrix that inserts with growth stimulator, by relative moisture in the computer controlled automatic fast propagating seedling bed, temperature, light, matrix is the material that adopts water conservation, breathes freely and easily disinfect, and the sweet osmanthus that breeds through the method can take root in 40~60 days.It mainly is to utilize color cassia twig bar top grafting on common sweet osmanthus stock that present color osmanthus is expanded numerous, easily susceptible, is difficult to scale and expands numerous.In addition, color osmanthus because of its growth potential a little less than cuttage root-taking to compare other sweet osmanthus more difficult.So far, domestic system research of also not growing seedlings for color osmanthus cottage propagation, and the research of cave, color osmanthus dish cutting medium is more rarely seen, has no the publication that relates to color osmanthus breeding matrix.
 
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that solves
The present invention is directed to the problem of the numerous seedling difficulty in color osmanthus, a kind of plug media prescription and using method thereof of accelerating color osmanthus cuttage root-taking, fast seedling-breeding is provided.
Technical scheme
Cave, color osmanthus dish cutting medium prescription based on wormcast, mixed by wormcast and mineral material, the volume ratio of wormcast and mineral material is 9:1-3:7, described wormcast is feces of livestock and poultry gained after piling corruption again after the earthworm digestion such as cow dung, and affiliated mineral material is a kind of or mixture in perlite, the vermiculite.
When mineral material was mixture, the volume ratio of perlite and vermiculite was 3:7-7:3.
Coil the using method of cutting medium prescription based on the cave, color osmanthus of wormcast, choose strong age eugonic color osmanthus as elite stand, the anosis worm of clip, it is sturdy to grow, then living lignification or semi-lignified branch that eye is full, length is 6-8 centimetre, cut off the tender tip, 4 leaves are stayed at the top, the upper end is cut into flat mouth, base portion is whittled into the inclined-plane, in the short root-growing agent that 2 ~ 3 centimetres of immersions of its base portion are prepared, described short root-growing agent is green plant growth regulator (GGR), 6-benzyl aminoadenine (6-BA) and indolebutyric acid (IBA), short root-growing agent working concentration is 50-200 mg/L, takes out after 2 hours, the degree of depth of inserting cave dish cutting medium is 2/3 of branch, irrigates immediately normal root water after being plugged; Temperature remains on 20-30 ℃ after the cuttage, and relative moisture is not less than 70% at least.
Beneficial effect
After the cuttage 40 days, the color osmanthus of institute's aglucon matter rooting rate major part can reach more than the 60-80%, and root system is covered with the cuttage fringe.And the rooting rate take local river sand or the Changjiang river fluvisol as control treatment only has 20%-30%, and root system is only around the callus of plugged ear base portion.Left and right sides rooting rate reached more than 95% in 60 days, and the color osmanthus of institute's aglucon matter plugged ear root system has covered with substrate block, the breakthrough bag containing soilless substrate that has after 100 days.Utilize earthworm that the debirs such as feces of livestock and poultry, crops straw, house refuse, mud, industrial waste are processed, being not only refuse gets utilization, avoided the wasting of resources and environmental pollution, can also produce and have multi-functional biological organic fertilizer---wormcast.Earthworm dejection structure is loose, has good air capacity of soils, drainage and high water-holding capacity, is rich in humic acid, rapid available phosphorus, is that a kind of fertilizer efficiency is long, fertility is high, the natural fertilizers of odorless, can promote the crop Fast Growth.Therefore, we cooperate the materials such as perlite, vermiculite take wormcast as raw material, have invented matrix formulations and the using method thereof that can realize the batch production of color osmanthus, scale fast seedling-breeding.
 
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the condition of rooting in color osmanthus under the different disposal, a left side: the present invention's (wormcast: perlite: vermiculite is pressed 3:4:3, volume ratio), the right side: contrast.
 
Embodiment
Following embodiment does not limit technical scheme of the present invention in any form, and every employing is equal to replaces or technical scheme that the mode of equivalent transformation obtains all drops on protection scope of the present invention.
Wormcast: for cow dung after earthworm digestion, at pH 6.5-8.0, the rotten gained of heap under the 20-25 ℃ of condition.
 
Embodiment 1:
After wormcast, perlite mixed by the 9:1 volume ratio, add water and stir, reach hand and pinch agglomerating not dripping and land then sabot when just letting state go.Strike off gently compacting with scraper plate, treat cuttage usefulness.
Choose strong age eugonic color osmanthus as elite stand, the anosis worm of clip, growth is sturdy, eye is full then living lignification or semi-lignified branch.Length is 6-8 centimetre, cuts off the tender tip, and 4 leaves are stayed at the top.If tender little plugged ear minimumly should be stayed 2 buds joint, otch should be cut under the joint position of the terminal bottom bud joint of plugged ear about 0.5 cm.The upper end is cut into flat mouth, and base portion is whittled into the inclined-plane, with GGR, 6-BA, the IBA processing cuttage after 2 hours of 2 ~ 3 centimetres of immersions 50,100 of its base portion, 200mg/L.Adopt the full exposure spray-on process to grow seedlings, 2/3 of the about branch of the degree of depth of insertion cave dish cutting medium.Irrigate immediately normal root water after being plugged, combine closely with matrix in order to transplant a cutting, guarantee that its cuttage becomes effect.Begin immediately spraying after the cuttage.For the water content of substrate that keeps suiting and larger air humidity, accomplish rationally to control spraying according to actual conditions, keeping cave panel surface matrix, moist the cave tray bottom is relatively moistening without accumulated water to turning white, and relative air humidity is not less than 70% at least.Temperature remains on 20 ~ 30 ℃.Winter temperature is lower, the cuttage seeding dish can be moved in the geothermal-warming shed.
Rooting rate reaches 37%-80% after 40 days, after 60 days more than 95%.
 
Embodiment 2:
Key step is identical with embodiment 1, distinguishes as after wormcast, perlite are mixed by the 7:3 volume ratio, adds water and stirs, and reaches hand and pinches agglomerating not dripping and land then sabot when just letting state go.Strike off gently compacting with scraper plate, treat cuttage usefulness.With the color osmanthus plugged ear base portion that shears respectively with 50,100, GGR, the 6-BA of 200mg/L, IBA process cuttage after 2 hours, adopts the full exposure spray-on process to grow seedlings.Rooting rate reaches 64-87% after 40 days, after 60 days more than 95%.
 
Embodiment 3:
Key step is identical with embodiment 1, distinguishes as after wormcast, perlite are mixed by the 5:5 volume ratio, adds water and stirs, and reaches hand and pinches agglomerating not dripping and land then sabot when just letting state go.Strike off gently compacting with scraper plate, treat cuttage usefulness.With the color osmanthus plugged ear base portion that shears respectively with 50,100, GGR, the 6-BA of 200mg/L, IBA process cuttage after 2 hours, adopts the full exposure spray-on process to grow seedlings.Rooting rate reaches respectively 78-89% after 40 days, after 60 days more than 95%.
 
Embodiment 4:
Key step is identical with embodiment 1, distinguishes as after wormcast, perlite are mixed by the 3:7 volume ratio, adds water and stirs, and reaches hand and pinches agglomerating not dripping and land then sabot when just letting state go.Strike off gently compacting with scraper plate, treat cuttage usefulness.With the color osmanthus plugged ear base portion that shears respectively with 50,100, GGR, the 6-BA of 200mg/L, IBA process cuttage after 2 hours, adopts the full exposure spray-on process to grow seedlings.Rooting rate 70-83% after 40 days is after 60 days more than 95%.
 
Embodiment 5:
Key step is identical with embodiment 1, distinguishes as after wormcast, vermiculite are mixed by the 9:1 volume ratio, adds water and stirs, and reaches hand and pinches agglomerating not dripping and land then sabot when just letting state go.Strike off gently compacting with scraper plate, treat cuttage usefulness.With the color osmanthus plugged ear base portion that shears respectively with 50,100, GGR, the 6-BA of 200mg/L, IBA process cuttage after 2 hours, adopts the full exposure spray-on process to grow seedlings.Rooting rate reaches 27%-80% after 40 days, after 60 days more than 95%.
 
Embodiment 6:
Key step is identical with embodiment 1, distinguishes as after wormcast, vermiculite are mixed by the 7:3 volume ratio, adds water and stirs, and reaches hand and pinches agglomerating not dripping and land then sabot when just letting state go.Strike off gently compacting with scraper plate, treat cuttage usefulness.With the color osmanthus plugged ear base portion that shears respectively with 50,100, GGR, the 6-BA of 200mg/L, IBA process cuttage after 2 hours, adopts the full exposure spray-on process to grow seedlings.Rooting rate reaches 71-85% after 40 days, after 60 days more than 95%.
 
Embodiment 7:
Key step is identical with embodiment 1, distinguishes as after wormcast, vermiculite are mixed by the 5:5 volume ratio, adds water and stirs, and reaches hand and pinches agglomerating not dripping and land then sabot when just letting state go.Strike off gently compacting with scraper plate, treat cuttage usefulness.With the color osmanthus plugged ear base portion that shears respectively with 50,100, GGR, the 6-BA of 200mg/L, IBA process cuttage after 2 hours, adopts the full exposure spray-on process to grow seedlings.Rooting rate reaches respectively 80-86% after 40 days, after 60 days more than 95%.
 
Embodiment 8:
Key step is identical with embodiment 1, distinguishes as after wormcast, vermiculite are mixed by the 3:7 volume ratio, adds water and stirs, and reaches hand and pinches agglomerating not dripping and land then sabot when just letting state go.Strike off gently compacting with scraper plate, treat cuttage usefulness.With the color osmanthus plugged ear base portion that shears respectively with 50,100,200mg/L GGR, 6-BA, IBA process cuttage after 2 hours, adopts the full exposure spray-on process to grow seedlings.Rooting rate 73-83% after 40 days is after 60 days more than 95%.
 
Embodiment 9:
Key step is identical with embodiment 1, distinguishes as after wormcast, perlite, vermiculite are mixed by the 3:4:3 volume ratio, adds water and stirs, and reaches hand and pinches agglomerating not dripping and land then sabot when just letting state go.Strike off gently compacting with scraper plate, treat cuttage usefulness.With the color osmanthus plugged ear base portion that shears respectively with 50,100, GGR, the 6-BA of 200mg/L, IBA process cuttage after 2 hours, adopts the full exposure spray-on process to grow seedlings.Rooting rate 80-90% after 40 days is after 60 days more than 95%.
Its root is long, root quality and radical are respectively 4.53cm, 0.60 g, 72.33.Rooting rate is more than 95% after 60 days.And this processing acrial part leaf area can reach 38.64 cm 2, vane thickness 0.32 mm, Aboveground Biomass of Young 2.87 g.Because wormcast unit weight is large, porosity and retention ability are less, the character of high phosphorus, potassium content can be improved matrix structure, improves matrix water conservation insulation situation, increases matrix active substance etc., as shown in Figure 1.
 
Embodiment 10:
Key step is identical with embodiment 1, distinguishes as after wormcast, perlite, vermiculite are mixed by the 8:1:1 volume ratio, adds water and stirs, and reaches hand and pinches agglomerating not dripping and land then sabot when just letting state go.Strike off gently compacting with scraper plate, treat cuttage usefulness.With the color osmanthus plugged ear base portion that shears respectively with 50,100, GGR, the 6-BA of 200mg/L, IBA process cuttage after 2 hours, adopts the full exposure spray-on process to grow seedlings.Rooting rate 70-85% after 40 days is after 60 days more than 95%.
 
Embodiment 11:
Key step is identical with embodiment 1, distinguishes as after wormcast, perlite, vermiculite are mixed by the 5:3:2 volume ratio, adds water and stirs, and reaches hand and pinches agglomerating not dripping and land then sabot when just letting state go.Strike off gently compacting with scraper plate, treat cuttage usefulness.With the color osmanthus plugged ear base portion that shears respectively with 50,100, GGR, the 6-BA of 200mg/L, IBA process cuttage after 2 hours, adopts the full exposure spray-on process to grow seedlings.Rooting rate 85-88% after 40 days is after 60 days more than 95%.
 
Embodiment 12:
Key step is identical with embodiment 1, distinguishes as after wormcast, perlite, vermiculite are mixed by the 3:3:4 volume ratio, adds water and stirs, and reaches hand and pinches agglomerating not dripping and land then sabot when just letting state go.Strike off gently compacting with scraper plate, treat cuttage usefulness.With the color osmanthus plugged ear base portion that shears respectively with 50,100, GGR, the 6-BA of 200mg/L, IBA process cuttage after 2 hours, adopts the full exposure spray-on process to grow seedlings.Rooting rate 83-89% after 40 days is after 60 days more than 95%.

Claims (3)

1. coil the cutting medium prescription based on the cave, color osmanthus of wormcast, it is characterized in that being mixed by wormcast and mineral material, the volume ratio of wormcast and mineral material is 9:1-3:7, described wormcast is feces of livestock and poultry gained after piling corruption again after the earthworm digestion, and affiliated mineral material is a kind of or mixture in perlite, the vermiculite.
2. cave, the color osmanthus dish cutting medium prescription based on wormcast according to claim 1 is characterized in that when mineral material is mixture the volume ratio of perlite and vermiculite is 3:7-7:3.
3. the using method that cutting medium is filled a prescription is coiled in the described cave, color osmanthus based on wormcast of above-mentioned arbitrary claim, it is characterized in that choosing strong age eugonic color osmanthus as elite stand, the anosis worm of clip, it is sturdy to grow, then living lignification or semi-lignified branch that eye is full, length is 6-8 centimetre, cut off the tender tip, 4 leaves are stayed at the top, the upper end is cut into flat mouth, base portion is whittled into the inclined-plane, in the short root-growing agent that 2 ~ 3 centimetres of immersions of its base portion are prepared, described short root-growing agent is green plant growth regulator (GGR), 6-benzyl aminoadenine (6-BA) and indolebutyric acid (IBA), short root-growing agent working concentration is 50-200 mg/L, takes out after 2 hours, the degree of depth of inserting cave dish cutting medium is 2/3 of branch, irrigates immediately normal root water after being plugged; Temperature remains on 20-30 ℃ after the cuttage, and relative moisture is not less than 70% at least.
CN201210571038.5A 2012-12-26 2012-12-26 Formula of color osmanthus plug cutting substrate on basis of earthworm cast and application method of formula Expired - Fee Related CN103039331B (en)

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CN104365461A (en) * 2014-11-13 2015-02-25 南京市蔬菜科学研究所 Tea residue wormcast substrate suitable for leafy vegetable seedling and manufacturing method thereof
CN104813909A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-08-05 江苏农林职业技术学院 Cutting seedling cultivating method for twig of tea tree
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CN105009919A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-11-04 张剑逸 Osmanthus fragrans cutting seedling method
CN105519417A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-04-27 湖南农业大学 Method for raising seedlings in plugs by cutting
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CN108605786A (en) * 2018-04-10 2018-10-02 宁夏农林科学院枸杞工程技术研究所 A kind of method that old stake branch root of hair makes matrimony vine potted landscape

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103348902A (en) * 2013-07-18 2013-10-16 江苏茗苑茶叶科技开发有限公司 Tea tree cutting matrix and preparation method and application thereof
CN104365461A (en) * 2014-11-13 2015-02-25 南京市蔬菜科学研究所 Tea residue wormcast substrate suitable for leafy vegetable seedling and manufacturing method thereof
CN104813909A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-08-05 江苏农林职业技术学院 Cutting seedling cultivating method for twig of tea tree
CN104838948A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-08-19 平顶山学院 Planting method of pure ecological taxus chinensis
CN105009919A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-11-04 张剑逸 Osmanthus fragrans cutting seedling method
CN105519417A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-04-27 湖南农业大学 Method for raising seedlings in plugs by cutting
CN107173205A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-09-19 佛山市春然生物科技开发有限公司 A kind of evergreen hydroponics
CN108605786A (en) * 2018-04-10 2018-10-02 宁夏农林科学院枸杞工程技术研究所 A kind of method that old stake branch root of hair makes matrimony vine potted landscape

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