CN104542210A - Rapid propagation method for cranberry plant - Google Patents

Rapid propagation method for cranberry plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104542210A
CN104542210A CN201410697972.0A CN201410697972A CN104542210A CN 104542210 A CN104542210 A CN 104542210A CN 201410697972 A CN201410697972 A CN 201410697972A CN 104542210 A CN104542210 A CN 104542210A
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China
Prior art keywords
cranberry
spray
liver moss
water
shredded
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CN201410697972.0A
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CN104542210B (en
Inventor
徐国辉
王贺新
陈英敏
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Dalian University
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Dalian University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of plant cultivation, and particularly relates to a rapid propagation method for a cranberry plant. The rapid propagation method comprises the specific propagation operation steps of (1) preparing a rooting medium; (2) treating cranberry twigs; (3) soaking the twigs, which are cut into pieces, in the rooting medium; (4) mixing the twigs, which are cut into pieces, with moss; (5) planting and cultivating the mixture. The rapid propagation method disclosed by the invention has the advantages of rapid propagation speed, high survival rate, convenience in operation, high practicability and the like; the rooting rate of the cranberry treated by the rapid propagation method is above 80%, and the survival rate of fresh buds of the cranberry can be above 90% after 35-40 days; the rapid propagation method has an important application value in excellent cranberry nursery stock vegetative propagation production.

Description

A kind of method for quickly breeding for cranberry plant
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of plant growing technology, be specifically related to a kind of method for quickly breeding for cranberry plant.
Technical background
Cranberry (Cranberry) be Ericaceae (Ericaceae) genus vaccinium ( vaccinium) plant, like highly acid moistening soil, cold tolerance is strong, integrated distribution in Massachusetts, USA and New Jersey, it be a kind of growth on short rattan, little and justify, the limber scarlet fruit of epidermis, it is cranberry also person, it needs special environment and weather conditions cultivation, limits throughput, again because it has plurality of health care functions, thus has the laudatory title of " North America ruby ".Cranberry has the business cultivation history in more than 150 years at America & Canada, and product is mainly used in processing fruit juice, dried fruit and jam etc., and wherein cranberry fruit juice is the third-largest beverage in North America after orange juice, pineapple juice.Because cranberry fruit has the health care such as anti-oxidant of abundant nutrition, unique mouthfeel, excellent processing characteristics and uniqueness, just day by day get more and more people's extensive concerning, become a kind of emerging fruit.But cranberry China plantation be still in introduce a fine variety, experimental stage, about the planting system of cranberry is not yet formed, therefore, the culture technique of cranberry has become a problem urgently to be resolved hurrily at present.
Method for quickly breeding can create the environment such as temperature, light, gas, heat, nutrition the most suitable for plant, makes the physiological potential of plant obtain maximum performance, thus realizes the Rapid Rooting of plant.The method is the important means of seedling-wood breeding, simple and easy to do, and can breed out a large amount of breeding nursery stocks within a short period of time, is thus widely used.One of successful key factor of Fast-propagation is the selection of matrix, the effect of matrix is except support and fixing plant, the more important thing is as plant growth provides a root system environment stablized, be suitable for, as moisture, air, nutrient, acid-base value etc., and these are all relevant with the physicochemical character of matrix, the particle size, density, total porosity etc. of its mesostroma are important character parameters.At present, research shows, the matrix for cranberry plant growth is liver moss, and it has the features such as water retention property is strong, air capacity of soils good, corrosion-resistant, temperature changing amplitude is little.The present invention utilizes this matrix, together with the cranberry stem section Homogeneous phase mixing shredded, by the mode of sowing, carry out the Fast-propagation of cranberry plant, achieve comparatively ideal effect, have also obtained the best stem section size that is applicable to cranberry Fast-propagation, this will to promote and plantation lays a good foundation in China on a large scale for cranberry simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
For solving above-mentioned cranberry cultivation of plants technical problem, the invention provides a kind of can the method for Fast-propagation cranberry plant.
Concrete technical solution of the present invention is as follows:
(1) preparation of taking root liquid
The compound method of often liter of root-growing agent solution is as follows: first dissolved with the alcohol of 100 ~ 200ml 95% by 10mg indolebutyric acid, then be settled to 1L with sterile water.
(2) process of cranberry spray
Cranberry spray is shredded, is cut into the segment that length is about 0.5 ~ 2 .5cm.
(3) spray shredded soaks in taking root liquid
Soaked in taking root liquid by the cranberry spray shredded, the time is 5 ~ 10 seconds.
(4) spray shredded and liver moss mix
Dry liver moss use water is drenched, then by the cranberry spray that shreds together with it is stirred in, mix.
(5) the sowing of mixture
By dry for layer overlay bottom seedbed liver moss, water permeable, the water yield all becomes wet with dry liver moss and can extrude water outlet is advisable, then mixture previous step obtained evenly is sowed above, then will cover the dry liver moss of one deck above, waters, the water yield all becomes wet with dry liver moss and is advisable, in whole incubation, dry liver moss all will keep this moisture degree, otherwise it can affect cranberry plant rooting rate and take root the required time, also can affect survival rate; Meanwhile, temperature be 22-25 DEG C, humidity is 60-80% and starts to cultivate under the condition of sheltering from heat or light, after being cultivated 25 days, cranberry spray starts to take root.
The inventive method has the advantages such as reproduction speed is fast, survival rate is high, easy and simple to handle, practical, is that the new shoot survival percent of cranberry is more than 90% after more than 80%, 35 ~ 40 days by the rooting rate of the cranberry spray of process of the present invention.Produce in the excellent nursery stock vegetative propagation of cranberry, there is important using value.
Embodiment
By following examples, the present invention is described in further detail.
embodiment 1
A kind of concrete cultivation operating procedure of the method for quickly breeding for cranberry plant is as follows:
(1) preparation of taking root liquid
The compound method of often liter of root-growing agent solution is as follows: first dissolved with the alcohol of 100 ~ 200ml 95% by 10mg indolebutyric acid, then be settled to 1L with sterile water.
(2) process of cranberry spray
Cranberry spray is shredded, is cut into the segment that length is about 0.5 ~ 1.0cm.
(3) spray shredded soaks in taking root liquid
Soaked in taking root liquid by the cranberry spray shredded, the time is 8 seconds.
(4) spray shredded and liver moss mix
Dry liver moss use water is drenched, then by the cranberry spray that shreds together with it is stirred in, mix.
(5) the sowing of mixture
By dry for layer overlay bottom seedbed liver moss, water permeable, the water yield all becomes wet with dry liver moss and can extrude water outlet is advisable, then mixture is evenly sowed above, the dry liver moss of one deck will be covered above again, water, the water yield all becomes wet with dry liver moss and is advisable, in whole incubation, dry liver moss keeps this moisture degree, maintain the temperature at 22-25 DEG C simultaneously, humidity at 60-80%, and cultivates under noting the condition of sheltering from heat or light, start to take root after being cultivated 25 days, the rooting rate of cranberry spray is that after 80.36%, 35 days, the new shoot survival percent of cranberry is 80.82%.
embodiment 2
A kind of concrete cultivation operating procedure of the method for quickly breeding for cranberry plant is as follows:
(1) preparation of taking root liquid
The compound method of often liter of root-growing agent solution is as follows: first dissolved with the alcohol of 100 ~ 200ml 95% by 10mg indolebutyric acid, then be settled to 1L with sterile water.
(2) process of cranberry spray
Cranberry spray is shredded, is cut into the segment that length is about 1.0 ~ 1 .5cm.
(3) spray shredded soaks in taking root liquid
Soaked in taking root liquid by the cranberry spray shredded, the time is 8 seconds.
(4) spray shredded and liver moss mix
Dry liver moss use water is drenched, then by the cranberry spray that shreds together with it is stirred in, mix.
(5) the sowing of mixture
By dry for layer overlay bottom seedbed liver moss, water permeable, the water yield all becomes wet with dry liver moss and can extrude water outlet is advisable, then mixture is evenly sowed above, the dry liver moss of one deck will be covered above again, water, the water yield all becomes wet with dry liver moss and is advisable, in whole incubation, dry liver moss keeps this moisture degree, maintain the temperature at 22-25 DEG C simultaneously, humidity at 60-80%, and cultivates under noting the condition of sheltering from heat or light, start to take root after being cultivated 25 days, the rooting rate of cranberry spray is that after 88.2%, 35 days, the new shoot survival percent of cranberry is 92.64%.
embodiment 3
A kind of concrete cultivation operating procedure of the method for quickly breeding for cranberry plant is as follows:
(1) preparation of taking root liquid
The compound method of often liter of root-growing agent solution is as follows: first dissolved with the alcohol of 100 ~ 200ml 95% by 10mg indolebutyric acid, then be settled to 1L with sterile water.
(2) process of cranberry spray
Cranberry spray is shredded, is cut into the segment that length is about 1.5 ~ 2 .0cm.
(3) spray shredded soaks in taking root liquid
Soaked in taking root liquid by the cranberry spray shredded, the time is 8 seconds.
(4) spray shredded and liver moss mix
Dry liver moss use water is drenched, then by the cranberry spray that shreds together with it is stirred in, mix.
(5) the sowing of mixture
By dry for layer overlay bottom seedbed liver moss, water permeable, the water yield all becomes wet with dry liver moss and can extrude water outlet is advisable, then mixture is evenly sowed above, the dry liver moss of one deck will be covered above again, water, the water yield all becomes wet with dry liver moss and is advisable, in whole incubation, dry liver moss keeps this moisture degree, maintain the temperature at 22-25 DEG C simultaneously, humidity at 60-80%, and cultivates under noting the condition of sheltering from heat or light, start to take root after being cultivated 25 days, the rooting rate of cranberry spray is that after 86.16%, 35 days, the new shoot survival percent of cranberry is 90.32%.
embodiment 4
A kind of concrete cultivation operating procedure of the method for quickly breeding for cranberry plant is as follows:
(1) preparation of taking root liquid
The compound method of often liter of root-growing agent solution is as follows: first dissolved with the alcohol of 100 ~ 200ml 95% by 10mg indolebutyric acid, then be settled to 1L with sterile water.
(2) process of cranberry spray
Cranberry spray is shredded, is cut into the segment that length is about 2.0 ~ 2 .5cm.
(3) spray shredded soaks in taking root liquid
Soaked in taking root liquid by the cranberry spray shredded, the time is 8 seconds.
(4) spray shredded and liver moss mix
Dry liver moss use water is drenched, then by the cranberry spray that shreds together with it is stirred in, mix.
(5) the sowing of mixture
By dry for layer overlay bottom seedbed liver moss, water permeable, the water yield all becomes wet with dry liver moss and can extrude water outlet is advisable, then mixture is evenly sowed above, the dry liver moss of one deck will be covered above again, water, the water yield all becomes wet with dry liver moss and is advisable, in whole incubation, dry liver moss keeps this moisture degree, maintain the temperature at 22-25 DEG C simultaneously, humidity at 60-80%, and cultivates under noting the condition of sheltering from heat or light, start to take root after being cultivated 25 days, the rooting rate of cranberry spray is that after 82.6%, 35 days, the new shoot survival percent of cranberry is 85.16%.
The inventive method has the advantages such as reproduction speed is fast, survival rate is high, easy and simple to handle, practical, produces, have important using value in the excellent nursery stock vegetative propagation of cranberry.

Claims (1)

1. for a method for quickly breeding for cranberry plant, it is characterized in that, concrete cultivation operating procedure is:
(1) preparation of taking root liquid
The compound method of often liter of root-growing agent solution is as follows: first dissolved with the alcohol of 100 ~ 200ml 95% by 10mg indolebutyric acid, then be settled to 1L with sterile water;
(2) process of cranberry spray
Cranberry spray is shredded, is cut into the segment that length is about 0.5 ~ 2 .5cm;
(3) spray shredded soaks in taking root liquid
Soaked in taking root liquid by the cranberry spray shredded, the time is 5 ~ 10 seconds;
(4) spray shredded and liver moss mix
Dry liver moss use water is drenched, then by the cranberry spray that shreds together with it is stirred in, mix;
(5) the sowing of mixture
By dry for layer overlay bottom seedbed liver moss, water permeable, the water yield all becomes wet with dry liver moss and can extrude water outlet is advisable, then mixture previous step obtained evenly is sowed above, the dry liver moss of one deck will be covered above again, water, the water yield all becomes wet with dry liver moss and is advisable, and in whole incubation, dry liver moss all will keep so moisture degree, meanwhile, temperature be 22-25 DEG C, humidity is 60-80% and cultivates under the condition of sheltering from heat or light, after being cultivated 25 days, cranberry spray starts to take root.
CN201410697972.0A 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 Rapid propagation method for cranberry plant Active CN104542210B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106465667A (en) * 2015-08-19 2017-03-01 黑龙江省合江林业科学研究所 A kind of mossberry cultivation technique
CN109906942A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-06-21 黑龙江省科学院自然与生态研究所 A kind of Cranberry based on three-stage culture medium quickly breeds regeneration method

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CN101080983A (en) * 2007-06-26 2007-12-05 云南省农业科学院高山经济植物研究所 Method for breeding wild dwarf cowberry seeds
CN102524061A (en) * 2011-12-03 2012-07-04 韦庆和 Rapid breeding technology for blueberry tissue culture seedling micro cuttings at high and cold area
CN102893847A (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-01-30 大连大学 Seedling raising substrate and cutting propagation method of bilberry plants
CN103636373A (en) * 2013-11-04 2014-03-19 大连大学 Method for vegetative propagation of vaccinium plants through fresh sphagnum
CN104025832A (en) * 2013-09-17 2014-09-10 天津市林业果树研究所 Green branch cuttage method for blueberries in Tianjin area

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CN101080983A (en) * 2007-06-26 2007-12-05 云南省农业科学院高山经济植物研究所 Method for breeding wild dwarf cowberry seeds
CN102524061A (en) * 2011-12-03 2012-07-04 韦庆和 Rapid breeding technology for blueberry tissue culture seedling micro cuttings at high and cold area
CN102893847A (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-01-30 大连大学 Seedling raising substrate and cutting propagation method of bilberry plants
CN104025832A (en) * 2013-09-17 2014-09-10 天津市林业果树研究所 Green branch cuttage method for blueberries in Tianjin area
CN103636373A (en) * 2013-11-04 2014-03-19 大连大学 Method for vegetative propagation of vaccinium plants through fresh sphagnum

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106465667A (en) * 2015-08-19 2017-03-01 黑龙江省合江林业科学研究所 A kind of mossberry cultivation technique
CN109906942A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-06-21 黑龙江省科学院自然与生态研究所 A kind of Cranberry based on three-stage culture medium quickly breeds regeneration method
CN109906942B (en) * 2019-04-30 2021-12-07 黑龙江省科学院自然与生态研究所 Three-stage culture medium-based rapid propagation and regeneration method for cranberries

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