CN102499015A - Transplanting method of large-volume camphor tree - Google Patents

Transplanting method of large-volume camphor tree Download PDF

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CN102499015A
CN102499015A CN2011104100575A CN201110410057A CN102499015A CN 102499015 A CN102499015 A CN 102499015A CN 2011104100575 A CN2011104100575 A CN 2011104100575A CN 201110410057 A CN201110410057 A CN 201110410057A CN 102499015 A CN102499015 A CN 102499015A
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China
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camphor tree
tree
transplanting
mud ball
camphor
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CN2011104100575A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102499015B (en
Inventor
吴毅
李均尧
邓钊平
李佳成
李重高
李慧莹
陈士壬
李亚钦
陈奇志
林嵩
吴世华
俞瑜
胡倩敏
温必君
陈本魁
薛飞
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广州市恒盛园林绿化工程有限公司
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Abstract

The invention provides a transplanting method of a large-volume camphor tree. The transplanting method comprises the steps of: an operation at the position before camphor tree transplanting and an operation at the position after camphor tree transplanting, wherein the two positions are spliced by a camphor tree transportation step; the operation at the before camphor tree transplanting comprises the following sequential steps of preparing before construction, excavating mud balls and binding mud balls; and the operation at the position after camphor tree transplanting comprises the following sequential steps of digging planting holes, arranging an irrigation system and a dewatering system, planting and maintaining. By adopting the transplanting method of the large-volume camphor tree provided by the invention, the off-season transplanting survival rate of large-size camphor tree is improved, the reversion growth time of the transplanted camphor tree is shortened, the greening effect of the camphor tree after transplanting is ensured, the cost is saved and the transplanting construction benefit of the camphor tree is improved.

Description

The trasplanting method of a kind of big volume camphor tree

Technical field

Garden afforestation technology of the present invention field relates in particular to the trasplanting method of a kind of big volume camphor tree.

Background technology

In recent years, country is strengthening improvement of the ecological environment, and Large scale construction park, square or residential quarters etc. are to being in great demand of big specification camphor tree.Camphor tree is the representative seeds of subtropical evergreen broad leaved forest, tree-like grace, the figure is tall and straight, landscape effect is good, market value is very high, is generally several ten thousand yuan, have up to tens0000 yuan.Because chemical substances such as the pine tar bicyclic hydrocarbons that camphor tree gave out, camphorene, limonene, Eugenol have the ability that purifies poisonous air, and anticancer function is arranged, and filter out pure and fresh clean air, gladden the heart and refresh the mind.Live in for a long time in the environment of camphor tree and can avoid suffering from a lot of difficult and complicated illness.And the camphor tree four seasons are evergreen, and it is respond well to shelter from heat or light, and become the first-selected good wood of southern many cities and regional afforestation, receive the favor of afforestation industry deeply.

Big specification camphor tree, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground is more than the 60cm, and property planting season is strong especially, and common annual mid or late March to April, early and middle ten days was best planting season.Because of satisfying the needs of building overall progress, can only take off-season cultivation sometimes, belong to high temperature and drought season the late August of South China to mid-September, the planting camphor leaf very easily turns black withered, influence the integrated greening effect, and it is very big to plant difficulty.And this type of camphor tree age of tree is longer, transplant the back recovery capability a little less than, must take a whole set of science, construction method rigorous, standard just can guarantee can become alive after these trees are transplanted, grow fine.

At present, the camphor tree of big specification is the seedling of transplanting 1 ~ 3 year of heeling in basically on the market, and the one-tenth work of transplanting is difficult to guarantee, does not singly cause the waste of big tree resource, has also raised the market knock-down price virtually, and the transplanting of big camphor tree has bright development prospect.In addition, the big camphor tree transplanting of the overwhelming majority at present all is the spontaneous behaviour of nursery operator's economic pursuit interests, does not also go to transplant according to scientific methods; Therefore often cause transplanting success on the low side; Cost is high, and expense is big, causes very big waste; And it is long to recover growth time, 2 ~ 3 years and just can reach desirable landscape effect.Therefore, press for and sum up the anti-season construction that a whole set of big specification camphor tree is transplanted, transplant construction to instruct big camphor tree.

Summary of the invention

In view of this; The technical problem that the present invention solved is to provide the trasplanting method of a kind of big volume camphor tree; Improve big specification camphor tree anti-season transplanting success, shorten the answer growth time of the camphor tree after transplanting, guarantee camphor tree transplanting back afforestation effect; And the saving cost improves the construction benefit that camphor tree is transplanted.

The present invention solves above-mentioned technical problem through following technical scheme:

The trasplanting method of a kind of big volume camphor tree, the trasplanting method of this big volume camphor tree comprise that being positioned at camphor tree transplants the operation of front position and be positioned at the operation that camphor tree is transplanted the position, back, is connected through camphor tree transhipment step between two positions;

The operation that is positioned at camphor tree transplanting front position comprises following operating procedure successively:

Prepare before the construction, based on the excavation size of the good camphor tree pocket of the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground budget portion of camphor tree, and camphor tree is pruned and cuts bar and handle;

Mud ball excavation, camphor tree pocket portion mud ball are cydariform two to be heaved in the middle of the point slightly, and camphor tree pocket portion mud ball is of a size of: the 2-3 that mud ball is controlled to be the camphor tree diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground perpendicular to the maximum gauge of camphor tree trunk one side doubly, the mud ball THICKNESS CONTROL be the camphor tree diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground 1.5-2.5 doubly;

The mud ball wrapping; The double-deck geotechnological three dimensional network of processing with high molecular polymer immediately after the mud ball finishing is shaped encloses bundle, parcel; Wrap mud ball with the iron net again behind the parcel mud ball, and collude tightly iron net strand with iron, must be earlier tightly in strand iron network process with iron sieve bottom strand; The open upper end place that back, the tight bottom of strand is just tightened up the iron net again, last strand of with cleek iron net middle part being carried out is at least once tightlier operated;

The operation that is positioned at position, camphor tree transplanting back comprises following operating procedure successively:

Dig kind of a plant hole, dug in 3-5 days before transplanting camphor tree and to plant plant hole, said kind of plant hole is cylindricality, and its diameter is than the big 60-80cm of mud ball diameter, the big 10-20cm of depth ratio mud ball thickness, and guarantee that kind of plant hole hydrophobic effect is good, no ponding;

Irrigation system and water scavenging system are set, at the kind plant hole that has dug drip irrigation system are installed, said drip irrigation system is connected with the nutrient solution supply system of extraneous supply channel or camphor tree mutually, and said water scavenging system is reserved with the mouth of pipe that draws water at kind of a plant hole;

Plantation; To transplant the camphor tree that front position transhipment comes from camphor tree plants; Must keep the North and South direction of camphor tree when camphor tree is transplanted the front position in the planting process, and before the plantation kind of plant hole carried out desinsection, disinfects, on kind of plant hole and mud ball, evenly spray root growth promoter simultaneously; Mix mud with loess and water in the degree of depth of kind of plant hole bottom 1/3-1/2, plant and wait to transplant backfill planting soil behind the camphor tree, planting soil backfill inwards around the mud ball, and in fact slotting with waddy in backfilling process;

Maintenance is handled, and root and the stipe part of the camphor tree after transplanting carried out the maintenance processing.

Preferably; Said drip irrigation system comprises electronics leaf and the pipeline that is connected mutually with the nutrient solution supply system of extraneous supply channel or camphor tree; Said pipeline forms some branches near kind of plant hole; Be provided with the control valve that each pipe branch of adjustment goes out water state and current parameter at the branching of pipes place, go out water state and comprise that each branch supplies water simultaneously or single branch supplies water or part branch supplies water simultaneously, the current parameter comprises pipeline hydraulic pressure, flow rate of water flow and water outlet time; Said branch is included in camphor tree and transplants the cauline leaf jet pipe that the delivery port of installing the back is higher than camphor tree trunk 10-30cm; The delivery port of said cauline leaf jet pipe is equipped with Fine spray shower nozzle; Said branch comprises that also being positioned at the root of transplanting back camphor tree pocket portion drips and broadcast pipe; Said electronics leaf is installed on tree crown and can feeds back the relative moisture parameter, thereby the humidity of cauline leaf on the control camphor tree realizes preserving moisture automatically.

Preferably, said pipeline is a pvc pipe, and the spacing of said cauline leaf jet pipe and Fine spray shower nozzle is 0.8-1.5 * 0.8-1.5.It is that the realization camphor tree is preserved moisture that drip irrigation system so suitably is set, and guarantees the key factor of the rate of transplanting survival.

Preferably, said maintenance treatment step comprises:

(1) pours water and overlay film: around the mud ball of transplanting good camphor tree, pour water, hide the face of land at the trees ' root overlay film then, prevent that the excessive vaporization of soil moisture or the too much moisture of rainwater weather from infiltrating root, cause mashed root and influence growth, even cause death.

(2) around doing: with the gunnysack or the rope made of hemp the above trunk in the ground of camphor tree is wrapped up about 1/3rd height, water then, irrigate, so both can keep trunk moistening, can prevent the trunk moisture excessive vaporization and the sun bark of burning again.

(3) pouring nutrient solution: camphor tree garter stoste is diluted; Inject the nutrient solution supply system, connect drip irrigation system, carry out vaporific sprinkling irrigation through the cauline leaf jet pipe in the drip irrigation system; Hydraulic pressure is controlled at 0.002MPa-0.003MPa; Each spray intervals is controlled at keeps relative moisture between 65-85%, is installed on the control module that electronics leaf on the tree crown is gathered the relative moisture parameter and fed back to drip irrigation system, realizes preserving moisture automatically;

(4) disinfectant nutrient in blade face replenishes: reach on every side once with formalin solution spray camphor tree weekly; With sterilizing; Tree crown can grow sprouting after 20-30 days; After treating that young leaves develops into keratinization, spraying a concentration weekly is 0.1%-0.2% urea liquid fertilizer, is added into equally in the drip irrigation system to drip through root to broadcast pipe and drip and broadcast; And the damage by disease and insect situation of often observing trees, in time spray the medicine control;

(5) pruning: after treating that shoot sprouts, carry out pruning, wipe out weak branch, keep sturdy branch, cultivate shoot, in time wipe out for the indefinite bud of sprouting on the trunk.

(6) check the perpendicularity of setting body, in time reinforce and support, the soil body of backfill sedimentation, the landscape effect of maintenance trees and landform.

Preferably, said camphor tree transhipment steps in sequence comprises:

Transplant the front position in camphor tree, wrap up the trunk of Heave Here with old woollen blanket or multilayer gunnysack earlier, and bandage with hanging belt; Surround trunk with waste tire in the Heave Here then fixing, in case when lifting the mechanical damage bark, influence growth and the outward appearance of trees; And the mark camphor tree is in the North and South direction of Proterozoic; The balance that will keep whole tree during lifting, light rising put down gently, is fixed on the transport vehicle;

Conveying carriage planted agent earlier pad goes up sand pocket or rubber, and the camphor tree mud ball is preceding, treetop after; Rush bag on the pad, branches and leaves bind with rope, spray and suppress rising agent; Cover glazing felt or shading screen reduce blade and rock, and reduce the face that catches the wind of camphor tree; Trunk is steady with the yoke frame, and root covers with wet straw or woollen blanket, and the attention water spray is preserved moisture in transportation;

After arriving camphor tree and transplanting the position, back, put into kind of a plant hole to mud ball earlier when slinging big camphor tree, wait to choose slightly loose lifting rope after the plantation direction; Tentatively support or protect and set body, remove mud ball template and rope and taking-up all around again, shovel into planting soil from both sides then; Carry out the layering tamping, unclamp rope after the tamping at leisure, this moment as find to set upright trunk again and to carry out the tamping of planting soil when the tree body has the sign of inclination; After waiting to set the body complete stability, can unload and hang.

Preferably, the geotechnological three dimensional network of said bilayer is the double-deck geotechnological three dimensional network of polyethylene, and the geotechnological three dimensional network of said bilayer comprises bilevel space network.

Preferably, before the plantation camphor tree, also comprise following treatment step:

Plant plant hole before the plantation and carry out the deinsectization processing with chlorophos solution earlier,, spray the heteroauxin of 0.1% methyl or 500ppm to the camphor tree root, to promote new root growth again with carbendazim or topsin solution sterilization with planting soil; And the wound of smearing tree root with 0.1% methyl and wool grease mixture rots preventing;

Plant the plant hole bottom and impose the sterile-processed fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, change loose soil in the cave, the pH value is consistent with Proterozoic;

The amount of landfill of plant hole bottom loess and fertilizer is planted in budget well, makes transplanting back mud ball expose face of land 20-50cm.

Compared with prior art, technical scheme of the present invention has following beneficial effect at least:

The trasplanting method of big volume camphor tree of the present invention; Through the transplanting flow process of science and reasonably transplanting back maintenance; Improve big specification camphor tree anti-season transplanting success, shorten the answer growth time of the camphor tree after transplanting, guarantee camphor tree transplanting back afforestation effect; And the saving cost improves the construction benefit that camphor tree is transplanted.Than the survival rate of general anti-season grafting 70% ~ 80%, camphor tree transplanting survival rate of the present invention is higher than 95%, is with a wide range of applications.In addition; The present invention utilizes the double-deck geotechnological three dimensional network wrapping of polyethylene camphor tree pocket portion mud ball, guarantees the integrality of mud ball, the mode of relatively in the past wrapping up mud ball with shading net; Not only can strengthen the integrality of mud ball; Also can improve hydrophobic soaking effect, can improve the survival rate of seedling growth construction, can guarantee afforestation effect again.Moreover; After the transplanting of camphor tree, support in the process,, scientifically combine the comprehensive maintenance measure of sterilization, growth, base fertilizer use aspect simultaneously through the corresponding nutrient solution of drip irrigation system drip irrigation; Guarantee the nutrient supply after big specification camphor tree plantation is constructed, further strengthen its survival ability.

Above-mentioned explanation only is the general introduction of technical scheme of the present invention; Understand technological means of the present invention in order can more to know; And can implement according to the content of specification, and for let above-mentioned and other purposes of the present invention, feature and advantage can be more obviously understandable, below in conjunction with preferred embodiment; And conjunction with figs., specify as follows.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the flow chart of trasplanting method of the big volume camphor tree of the embodiment of the invention.

Embodiment

Specify the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, it explains principle of the present invention as the part of this specification through embodiment, and other aspects of the present invention, characteristic and advantage thereof will become very clear through this detailed description.In the accompanying drawing of institute's reference, same or analogous parts use identical drawing reference numeral to represent among the different figure.

As shown in Figure 1, the trasplanting method of a kind of big volume camphor tree that the embodiment of the invention provides comprises that being positioned at camphor tree transplants the operation of front position and be positioned at the operation that camphor tree is transplanted the position, back, is connected through camphor tree transhipment step between two positions;

The operation that is positioned at camphor tree transplanting front position comprises following operating procedure successively:

Prepare before the construction, based on the excavation size of the good camphor tree pocket of the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground budget portion of camphor tree, and camphor tree is pruned and cuts bar and handle;

Mud ball excavation, camphor tree pocket portion mud ball are cydariform two to be heaved in the middle of the point slightly, and camphor tree pocket portion mud ball is of a size of: the 2-3 that mud ball is controlled to be the camphor tree diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground perpendicular to the maximum gauge of camphor tree trunk one side doubly, the mud ball THICKNESS CONTROL be the camphor tree diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground 1.5-2.5 doubly;

The mud ball wrapping; The double-deck geotechnological three dimensional network of processing with high molecular polymer immediately after the mud ball finishing is shaped encloses bundle, parcel; Wrap mud ball with the iron net again behind the parcel mud ball, and collude tightly iron net strand with iron, must be earlier tightly in strand iron network process with iron sieve bottom strand; The open upper end place that back, the tight bottom of strand is just tightened up the iron net again, last strand of with cleek iron net middle part being carried out is at least once tightlier operated;

The operation that is positioned at position, camphor tree transplanting back comprises following operating procedure successively:

Dig kind of a plant hole, dug in 3-5 days before transplanting camphor tree and to plant plant hole, said kind of plant hole is cylindricality, and its diameter is than the big 60-80cm of mud ball diameter, the big 10-20cm of depth ratio mud ball thickness, and guarantee that kind of plant hole hydrophobic effect is good, no ponding;

Irrigation system and water scavenging system are set, at the kind plant hole that has dug drip irrigation system are installed, said drip irrigation system is connected with the nutrient solution supply system of extraneous supply channel or camphor tree mutually, and said water scavenging system is reserved with the mouth of pipe that draws water at kind of a plant hole;

Plantation; To transplant the camphor tree that front position transhipment comes from camphor tree plants; Must keep the North and South direction of camphor tree when camphor tree is transplanted the front position in the planting process, and before the plantation kind of plant hole carried out desinsection, disinfects, on kind of plant hole and mud ball, evenly spray root growth promoter simultaneously; Mix mud with loess and water in the degree of depth of kind of plant hole bottom 1/3-1/2, plant and wait to transplant backfill planting soil behind the camphor tree, planting soil backfill inwards around the mud ball, and in fact slotting with waddy in backfilling process;

Maintenance is handled, and root and the stipe part of the camphor tree after transplanting carried out the maintenance processing.

The trasplanting method of big volume camphor tree in the embodiment of the invention one; Through the transplanting flow process of science and reasonably transplanting back maintenance; Improve big specification camphor tree anti-season transplanting success, shorten the answer growth time of the camphor tree after transplanting, guarantee camphor tree transplanting back afforestation effect; And the saving cost improves the construction benefit that camphor tree is transplanted.

As preferred version, the trasplanting method of a kind of big volume camphor tree that embodiments of the invention two provide comprises that being positioned at camphor tree transplants the operation of front position and be positioned at the operation that camphor tree is transplanted the position, back, is connected through camphor tree transhipment step between two positions.

Wherein, being positioned at camphor tree transplants the operation of front position and comprises following operating procedure successively:

Prepare before the construction, based on the excavation size of the good camphor tree pocket of the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground budget portion of camphor tree, and camphor tree is pruned and cuts bar and handle.

Mud ball excavation, camphor tree pocket portion mud ball are cydariform two to be heaved in the middle of the point slightly, and camphor tree pocket portion mud ball is of a size of: mud ball is controlled to be 3 times of the camphor tree diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground perpendicular to the maximum gauge of camphor tree trunk one side, and the mud ball THICKNESS CONTROL is 2 times of the camphor tree diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground.Need to prove; The big volume camphor tree that defines among the present invention is meant the camphor tree of the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground greater than 60cm, and as the common knowledge in this area, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground is meant the diameter at the liftoff surperficial 1.3 m places of arbor trunk; During the section deformity, measure the mean value of maximum and minimum of a value.The thickness and the digging diameter of mud ball are controlled at the integrality that can guarantee the camphor tree axial root system in the above-mentioned scope effectively, are unlikely to simultaneously because the scope of excavation mud ball is excessive, and cause trouble for follow-up transhipment and plantation.Certainly in other embodiments of the invention, in order to reach identical technique effect, the 2-3 that as the case may be mud ball is controlled to be the camphor tree diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground perpendicular to the maximum gauge of camphor tree trunk one side doubly, the mud ball THICKNESS CONTROL be the camphor tree diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground 1.5-2.5 doubly.

The mud ball wrapping; The double-deck geotechnological three dimensional network of processing with high molecular polymer immediately after the mud ball finishing is shaped encloses bundle, parcel; Wrap mud ball with the iron net again behind the parcel mud ball, and collude tightly iron net strand with iron, must be earlier tightly in strand iron network process with iron sieve bottom strand; The open upper end place that back, the tight bottom of strand is just tightened up the iron net again, last strand of with cleek iron net middle part being carried out is at least once tightlier operated.In the present invention preferably implemented, the geotechnological three dimensional network of said bilayer was the double-deck geotechnological three dimensional network of polyethylene, and the geotechnological three dimensional network of said bilayer comprises bilevel space network.Utilize the double-deck geotechnological three dimensional network wrapping of polyethylene camphor tree pocket portion mud ball; Guarantee the integrality of mud ball; With the mode of shading net wrapping mud ball, not only can strengthen the integrality of mud ball relatively in the past, and also can improve hydrophobic soaking effect; The survival rate of seedling growth construction can be improved, afforestation effect can be guaranteed again.Certainly, adopt the double-deck geotechnological three dimensional network of other materials also to be to be understood that to belonging in the scope that claim of the present invention contains in other embodiments of the invention in order to reach the similar techniques effect.

Transplant the operation of front position and be positioned at the intermediate steps that camphor tree is transplanted the operation of position, back as being connected camphor tree, in the embodiment of the invention, camphor tree transhipment steps in sequence comprises:

Transplant the front position in camphor tree, wrap up the trunk of Heave Here with old woollen blanket or multilayer gunnysack earlier, and bandage with hanging belt; Surround trunk with waste tire in the Heave Here then fixing, in case when lifting the mechanical damage bark, influence growth and the outward appearance of trees; And the mark camphor tree is in the North and South direction of Proterozoic; The balance that will keep whole tree during lifting, light rising put down gently, is fixed on the transport vehicle;

Conveying carriage planted agent earlier pad goes up sand pocket or rubber, and the camphor tree mud ball is preceding, treetop after; Rush bag on the pad, branches and leaves bind with rope, spray and suppress rising agent; Cover glazing felt or shading screen reduce blade and rock, and reduce the face that catches the wind of camphor tree; Trunk is steady with the yoke frame, and root covers with wet straw or woollen blanket, and the attention water spray is preserved moisture in transportation;

After arriving camphor tree and transplanting the position, back, put into kind of a plant hole to mud ball earlier when slinging big camphor tree, wait to choose slightly loose lifting rope after the plantation direction; Tentatively support or protect and set body, remove mud ball template and rope and taking-up all around again, shovel into planting soil from both sides then; Carry out the layering tamping, unclamp rope after the tamping at leisure, this moment as find to set upright trunk again and to carry out the tamping of planting soil when the tree body has the sign of inclination; After waiting to set the body complete stability, can unload and hang.

The operation that is positioned at position, camphor tree transplanting back comprises following operating procedure successively:

Dig kind of a plant hole, dug in 3-5 days before transplanting camphor tree and to plant plant hole, said kind of plant hole is cylindricality, and its diameter is than the big 60-80cm of mud ball diameter, the big 10-20cm of depth ratio mud ball thickness, and guarantee that kind of plant hole hydrophobic effect is good, no ponding.

Irrigation system and water scavenging system are set, at the kind plant hole that has dug drip irrigation system are installed, said drip irrigation system is connected with the nutrient solution supply system of extraneous supply channel or camphor tree mutually, and said water scavenging system is reserved with the mouth of pipe that draws water at kind of a plant hole.

During concrete the realization; Said drip irrigation system comprises electronics leaf and the pipeline that is connected mutually with the nutrient solution supply system of extraneous supply channel or camphor tree; Said pipeline forms some branches near kind of plant hole; Be provided with the control valve that each pipe branch of adjustment goes out water state and current parameter at the branching of pipes place, go out water state and comprise that each branch supplies water simultaneously or single branch supplies water or part branch supplies water simultaneously, the current parameter comprises pipeline hydraulic pressure, flow rate of water flow and water outlet time; Said branch is included in camphor tree and transplants the cauline leaf jet pipe that the delivery port of installing the back is higher than camphor tree trunk 10-30cm; The delivery port of said cauline leaf jet pipe is equipped with Fine spray shower nozzle; Said branch comprises that also being positioned at the root of transplanting back camphor tree pocket portion drips and broadcast pipe; Said electronics leaf is installed on tree crown and can feeds back the relative moisture parameter, thereby the humidity of cauline leaf on the control camphor tree realizes preserving moisture automatically.

During concrete the realization, in the preferred embodiment of the present invention, said pipeline is a pvc pipe, and the spacing of said cauline leaf jet pipe and Fine spray shower nozzle is 1 * 1.Certainly in other embodiments of the invention, according to the size of the camphor tree diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground, the spacing of cauline leaf jet pipe and Fine spray shower nozzle is set to 0.8-1.5 * 0.8-1.5, and drip irrigation system realization camphor tree is preserved moisture, and guarantees the rate of transplanting survival.

Plantation; To transplant the camphor tree that front position transhipment comes from camphor tree plants; Must keep the North and South direction of camphor tree when camphor tree is transplanted the front position in the planting process, and before the plantation kind of plant hole carried out desinsection, disinfects, on kind of plant hole and mud ball, evenly spray root growth promoter simultaneously; Mix mud with loess and water in the degree of depth of kind of plant hole bottom 1/3-1/2, plant and wait to transplant backfill planting soil behind the camphor tree, planting soil backfill inwards around the mud ball, and in fact slotting with waddy in backfilling process.

Need to prove, before the plantation camphor tree, also comprise following treatment step:

Plant plant hole before the plantation and carry out the deinsectization processing with chlorophos solution earlier,, spray the heteroauxin of 0.1% methyl or 500ppm to the camphor tree root, to promote new root growth again with carbendazim or topsin solution sterilization with planting soil; And the wound of smearing tree root with 0.1% methyl and wool grease mixture rots preventing;

Plant the plant hole bottom and impose the sterile-processed fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, change loose soil in the cave, the pH value is consistent with Proterozoic;

The amount of landfill of plant hole bottom loess and fertilizer is planted in budget well, makes transplanting back mud ball expose face of land 20-50cm.

Need to prove, in the preferred embodiment of the present invention,

Maintenance is handled, and root and the stipe part of the camphor tree after transplanting carried out the maintenance processing.During concrete the realization, said maintenance treatment step comprises:

(1) pours water and overlay film: around the mud ball of transplanting good camphor tree, pour water, hide the face of land at the trees ' root overlay film then, prevent that the excessive vaporization of soil moisture or the too much moisture of rainwater weather from infiltrating root, cause mashed root and influence growth, even cause death.

(2) around doing: with the gunnysack or the rope made of hemp the above trunk in the ground of camphor tree is wrapped up about 1/3rd height, water then, irrigate, so both can keep trunk moistening, can prevent the trunk moisture excessive vaporization and the sun bark of burning again.

(3) pouring nutrient solution: camphor tree garter stoste is diluted; Inject the nutrient solution supply system, connect drip irrigation system, carry out vaporific sprinkling irrigation through the cauline leaf jet pipe in the drip irrigation system; Hydraulic pressure is controlled at 0.002MPa-0.003MPa; Each spray intervals is controlled at keeps relative moisture between 65-85%, is installed on the control module that electronics leaf on the tree crown is gathered the relative moisture parameter and fed back to drip irrigation system, realizes preserving moisture automatically;

(4) disinfectant nutrient in blade face replenishes: reach on every side once with formalin solution spray camphor tree weekly; With sterilizing; Tree crown can grow sprouting after 20-30 days; After treating that young leaves develops into keratinization, spraying a concentration weekly is 0.1%-0.2% urea liquid fertilizer, is added into equally in the drip irrigation system to drip through root to broadcast pipe and drip and broadcast; And the damage by disease and insect situation of often observing trees, in time spray the medicine control;

(5) pruning: after treating that shoot sprouts, carry out pruning, wipe out weak branch, keep sturdy branch, cultivate shoot, in time wipe out for the indefinite bud of sprouting on the trunk.

(6) check the perpendicularity of setting body, in time reinforce and support, the soil body of backfill sedimentation, the landscape effect of maintenance trees and landform.

Than prior art; The trasplanting method of the big volume camphor tree that the foregoing description discloses through the transplanting flow process of science and reasonably transplanting back maintenance, improves big specification camphor tree anti-season transplanting success; Shorten the answer growth time of the camphor tree after transplanting; Guarantee camphor tree transplanting back afforestation effect, and practice thrift cost, improve the construction benefit that camphor tree is transplanted.Than the survival rate of general anti-season grafting 70% ~ 80%, camphor tree transplanting survival rate of the present invention is higher than 95%, is with a wide range of applications.In addition; The present invention utilizes the double-deck geotechnological three dimensional network wrapping of polyethylene camphor tree pocket portion mud ball, guarantees the integrality of mud ball, the mode of relatively in the past wrapping up mud ball with shading net; Not only can strengthen the integrality of mud ball; Also can improve hydrophobic soaking effect, can improve the survival rate of seedling growth construction, can guarantee afforestation effect again.Moreover; After the transplanting of camphor tree, support in the process,, scientifically combine the comprehensive maintenance measure of sterilization, growth, base fertilizer use aspect simultaneously through the corresponding nutrient solution of drip irrigation system drip irrigation; Guarantee the nutrient supply after big specification camphor tree plantation is constructed, further strengthen its survival ability.

The above is a preferred implementation of the present invention; Should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the principle of the invention; Can also make some improvement and retouching, these improvement and retouching also are regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. the trasplanting method of a big volume camphor tree is characterized in that, the trasplanting method of this big volume camphor tree comprises that being positioned at camphor tree transplants the operation of front position and be positioned at the operation that camphor tree is transplanted the position, back, is connected through camphor tree transhipment step between two positions;
The operation that is positioned at camphor tree transplanting front position comprises following operating procedure successively:
Prepare before the construction, based on the excavation size of the good camphor tree pocket of the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground budget portion of camphor tree, and camphor tree is pruned and cuts bar and handle;
Mud ball excavation, camphor tree pocket portion mud ball are cydariform two to be heaved in the middle of the point slightly, and camphor tree pocket portion mud ball is of a size of: the 2-3 that mud ball is controlled to be the camphor tree diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground perpendicular to the maximum gauge of camphor tree trunk one side doubly, the mud ball THICKNESS CONTROL be the camphor tree diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground 1.5-2.5 doubly;
The mud ball wrapping; The double-deck geotechnological three dimensional network of processing with high molecular polymer immediately after the mud ball finishing is shaped encloses bundle, parcel; Wrap mud ball with the iron net again behind the parcel mud ball, and collude tightly iron net strand with iron, must be earlier tightly in strand iron network process with iron sieve bottom strand; The open upper end place that back, the tight bottom of strand is just tightened up the iron net again, last strand of with cleek iron net middle part being carried out is at least once tightlier operated;
The operation that is positioned at position, camphor tree transplanting back comprises following operating procedure successively:
Dig kind of a plant hole, dug in 3-5 days before transplanting camphor tree and to plant plant hole, said kind of plant hole is cylindricality, and its diameter is than the big 60-80cm of mud ball diameter, the big 10-20cm of depth ratio mud ball thickness, and guarantee that kind of plant hole hydrophobic effect is good, no ponding;
Irrigation system and water scavenging system are set, at the kind plant hole that has dug drip irrigation system are installed, said drip irrigation system is connected with the nutrient solution supply system of extraneous supply channel or camphor tree mutually, and said water scavenging system is reserved with the mouth of pipe that draws water at kind of a plant hole;
Plantation; To transplant the camphor tree that front position transhipment comes from camphor tree plants; Must keep the North and South direction of camphor tree when camphor tree is transplanted the front position in the planting process, and before the plantation kind of plant hole carried out desinsection, disinfects, on kind of plant hole and mud ball, evenly spray root growth promoter simultaneously; Mix mud with loess and water in the degree of depth of kind of plant hole bottom 1/3-1/2, plant and wait to transplant backfill planting soil behind the camphor tree, planting soil backfill inwards around the mud ball, and in fact slotting with waddy in backfilling process;
Maintenance is handled, and root and the stipe part of the camphor tree after transplanting carried out the maintenance processing.
2. the trasplanting method of big volume camphor tree according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said drip irrigation system comprises electronics leaf and the pipeline that is connected mutually with the nutrient solution supply system of extraneous supply channel or camphor tree; Said pipeline forms some branches near kind of plant hole; Be provided with the control valve that each pipe branch of adjustment goes out water state and current parameter at the branching of pipes place; Go out water state and comprise that each branch supplies water simultaneously or single branch supplies water or part branch supplies water simultaneously, the current parameter comprises pipeline hydraulic pressure, flow rate of water flow and water outlet time; Said branch is included in camphor tree and transplants the cauline leaf jet pipe that the delivery port of installing the back is higher than camphor tree trunk 10-30cm; The delivery port of said cauline leaf jet pipe is equipped with Fine spray shower nozzle; Said branch comprises that also being positioned at the root of transplanting back camphor tree pocket portion drips and broadcast pipe, and said electronics leaf is installed on tree crown and can feeds back the relative moisture parameter.
3. the trasplanting method of big volume camphor tree according to claim 2 is characterized in that: said pipeline is a pvc pipe, and the spacing of said cauline leaf jet pipe and Fine spray shower nozzle is 0.8-1.5 * 0.8-1.5.
4. the trasplanting method of big volume camphor tree according to claim 2 is characterized in that, said maintenance treatment step comprises:
(1) pours water and overlay film: around the mud ball of transplanting good camphor tree, pour water, hide the face of land at the trees ' root overlay film then;
(2) around doing: with the gunnysack or the rope made of hemp the above trunk in the ground of camphor tree is wrapped up about 1/3rd height, water then, irrigate;
(3) pouring nutrient solution: camphor tree garter stoste is diluted; Inject the nutrient solution supply system, connect drip irrigation system, carry out vaporific sprinkling irrigation through the cauline leaf jet pipe in the drip irrigation system; Hydraulic pressure is controlled at 0.002MPa-0.003MPa; Each spray intervals is controlled at keeps relative moisture between 65-85%, is installed on the control module that electronics leaf on the tree crown is gathered the relative moisture parameter and fed back to drip irrigation system, realizes preserving moisture automatically;
(4) disinfectant nutrient in blade face replenishes: reach on every side once with formalin solution spray camphor tree weekly; With sterilizing; Tree crown can grow sprouting after 20-30 days; After treating that young leaves develops into keratinization, spraying a concentration weekly is 0.1%-0.2% urea liquid fertilizer, is added into equally in the drip irrigation system to drip through root to broadcast pipe and drip and broadcast;
(5) pruning: after treating that shoot sprouts, carry out pruning, wipe out weak branch, keep sturdy branch, cultivate shoot, in time wipe out for the indefinite bud of sprouting on the trunk;
(6) check the perpendicularity of setting body, in time reinforce and support, the soil body of backfill sedimentation, the landscape effect of maintenance trees and landform.
5. the trasplanting method of big volume camphor tree according to claim 2 is characterized in that, said camphor tree transhipment steps in sequence comprises:
Transplant the front position in camphor tree, wrap up the trunk of Heave Here with old woollen blanket or multilayer gunnysack earlier, and bandage with hanging belt; Surround trunk fixing in the Heave Here with waste tire then; In case when lifting the mechanical damage bark, and the mark camphor tree will keep the balance of whole tree in the North and South direction of Proterozoic during lifting; Light rising put down gently, is fixed on the transport vehicle;
Conveying carriage planted agent earlier pad goes up sand pocket or rubber, and the camphor tree mud ball is preceding, treetop after; Rush bag on the pad, branches and leaves bind with rope, spray and suppress rising agent; Cover glazing felt or shading screen reduce blade and rock, and reduce the face that catches the wind of camphor tree; Trunk is steady with the yoke frame, and root covers with wet straw or woollen blanket, and the attention water spray is preserved moisture in transportation;
After arriving camphor tree and transplanting the position, back, put into kind of a plant hole to mud ball earlier when slinging big camphor tree, wait to choose slightly loose lifting rope after the plantation direction; Tentatively support or protect and set body, remove mud ball template and rope and taking-up all around again, shovel into planting soil from both sides then; Carry out the layering tamping, unclamp rope after the tamping at leisure, this moment as find to set upright trunk again and to carry out the tamping of planting soil when the tree body has the sign of inclination; After waiting to set the body complete stability, can unload and hang.
6. the trasplanting method of big volume camphor tree according to claim 2 is characterized in that, the geotechnological three dimensional network of said bilayer is the double-deck geotechnological three dimensional network of polyethylene, and the geotechnological three dimensional network of said bilayer comprises bilevel space network.
7. the trasplanting method of big volume camphor tree according to claim 2 is characterized in that, before the plantation camphor tree, also comprises following treatment step:
Plant plant hole and planting soil before the plantation and carry out the deinsectization processing with chlorophos solution earlier; Again with carbendazim or topsin solution sterilization; Spray the heteroauxin of 0.1% methyl or 500ppm to the camphor tree root, and the wound of smearing tree root with 0.1% methyl and wool grease mixture rots preventing;
Plant the plant hole bottom and impose the sterile-processed fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, change loose soil in the cave, the pH value is consistent with Proterozoic;
The amount of landfill of plant hole bottom loess and fertilizer is planted in budget well, makes transplanting back mud ball expose face of land 20-50cm.
CN 201110410057 2011-12-12 2011-12-12 Transplanting method of large-volume camphor tree CN102499015B (en)

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CN102870645A (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-01-16 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 Transplanting method of extra-large ancient cypresses
CN103392557A (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-11-20 中邦园林股份有限公司 Method for transplanting anti-season big arbors
CN103598064A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-02-26 北京麦克哈格国际生态环境工程科技有限公司 Whole-canopy arbor transplanting device
CN103598063A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-02-26 北京东方园林股份有限公司 Ex-situ protection method of big trees of Populus euphratica
CN104067899A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-10-01 广州市恒盛园林科技有限公司 Transplanting method of large-specification nursery stocks in Southern Xinjiang
CN104255364A (en) * 2014-09-02 2015-01-07 枞阳县绿洲苗木花卉专业合作社 Method for transplanting and cultivating multiple camphor trees
CN104255388A (en) * 2014-08-31 2015-01-07 福建省春天园林工程有限公司 Method for full-crown transplantation of clustered cinnamomum camphora in summer
CN104303950A (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-01-28 北京东方利禾景观设计有限公司 Method for promoting growth of new roots of large tree
CN104351009A (en) * 2014-10-22 2015-02-18 平江县春来苗木种植农民专业合作社 Transplantation method of camphor tree
CN104756805A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-07-08 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Method for preventing oil camphor tree from transplanting rot diseases
CN104871932A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-02 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Method for preventing bark cracking of camphor tree during transplantation
CN104982301A (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-10-21 滁州市剑春园林园艺工程有限公司 Camphor tree transplanting nursing method
CN106069588A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-11-09 苏州园林营造产业股份有限公司 Tree in out-of-season mode implantation method
CN106717812A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-05-31 罗景 A kind of implantation methods of urban greenery plantses
CN107135770A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-09-08 浙江天地园林工程有限公司 The implantation methods of gardening plant
CN107211832A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-09-29 杭州安居市政园林工程有限公司 Big tree transplanting method

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CN102870645A (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-01-16 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 Transplanting method of extra-large ancient cypresses
CN103392557A (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-11-20 中邦园林股份有限公司 Method for transplanting anti-season big arbors
CN103598064A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-02-26 北京麦克哈格国际生态环境工程科技有限公司 Whole-canopy arbor transplanting device
CN103598063A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-02-26 北京东方园林股份有限公司 Ex-situ protection method of big trees of Populus euphratica
CN103598064B (en) * 2013-11-20 2015-05-13 北京麦克哈格国际生态环境工程科技有限公司 Whole-canopy arbor transplanting device
CN103598063B (en) * 2013-11-20 2015-05-13 北京东方园林股份有限公司 Ex-situ protection method of big trees of Populus euphratica
CN104067899B (en) * 2014-05-05 2016-05-18 广州恒盛园林股份有限公司 A kind of Southern Xinjiang large nursery stocks implantation method
CN104067899A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-10-01 广州市恒盛园林科技有限公司 Transplanting method of large-specification nursery stocks in Southern Xinjiang
CN104255388A (en) * 2014-08-31 2015-01-07 福建省春天园林工程有限公司 Method for full-crown transplantation of clustered cinnamomum camphora in summer
CN104255388B (en) * 2014-08-31 2015-04-22 福建省春天园林工程有限公司 Method for full-crown transplantation of clustered cinnamomum camphora in summer
CN104255364A (en) * 2014-09-02 2015-01-07 枞阳县绿洲苗木花卉专业合作社 Method for transplanting and cultivating multiple camphor trees
CN104303950A (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-01-28 北京东方利禾景观设计有限公司 Method for promoting growth of new roots of large tree
CN104351009A (en) * 2014-10-22 2015-02-18 平江县春来苗木种植农民专业合作社 Transplantation method of camphor tree
CN104756805A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-07-08 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Method for preventing oil camphor tree from transplanting rot diseases
CN104871932A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-02 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Method for preventing bark cracking of camphor tree during transplantation
CN104982301A (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-10-21 滁州市剑春园林园艺工程有限公司 Camphor tree transplanting nursing method
CN106069588A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-11-09 苏州园林营造产业股份有限公司 Tree in out-of-season mode implantation method
CN106717812A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-05-31 罗景 A kind of implantation methods of urban greenery plantses
CN107135770A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-09-08 浙江天地园林工程有限公司 The implantation methods of gardening plant
CN107211832A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-09-29 杭州安居市政园林工程有限公司 Big tree transplanting method

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