CN105165441A - Method for increasing summer shifting and transporting survival rate of magnolia gradiflora - Google Patents

Method for increasing summer shifting and transporting survival rate of magnolia gradiflora Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105165441A
CN105165441A CN201510575046.0A CN201510575046A CN105165441A CN 105165441 A CN105165441 A CN 105165441A CN 201510575046 A CN201510575046 A CN 201510575046A CN 105165441 A CN105165441 A CN 105165441A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
survival rate
summer
trunk
movement
conducted
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Pending
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CN201510575046.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邱影
沈柏春
樊婧
朱莎
沈坚
余毅敏
周之瑶
钟晴
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HANGZHOU LANDSCAPING Inc
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HANGZHOU LANDSCAPING Inc
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Priority to CN201510575046.0A priority Critical patent/CN105165441A/en
Publication of CN105165441A publication Critical patent/CN105165441A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G23/00Forestry
    • A01G23/02Transplanting, uprooting, felling or delimbing trees
    • A01G23/04Transplanting trees; Devices for grasping the root ball, e.g. stump forceps; Wrappings or packages for transporting trees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for increasing the summer shifting and transporting survival rate of magnolia gradiflora. The method includes the following steps that 1, magnolia gradiflora is shifted and transported in summer at air temperature of 26-34 DEG C; 2, a soil ball is dug up; 3, transpiration inhibitor is sprayed, wherein the concentration of the prepared Guoguang transpiration inhibitor is 70 mg/L, leaves and a trunk of magnolia gradiflora are evenly sprayed through a sprayer, it is advisable that the soil ball is in the state in which no water drops, and it takes 8-10 min for agentia absorption; 4, hoisting and transporting are conducted; 5, pruning and leaf picking are conducted, wherein disease and pest branches are pruned away, and 1/3 leaves are picked off; 6, a pit is dug for planting, wherein a layer of 3-5cm matrix is evenly scattered into the tree pit, and the matrix contains peat, pine bark, perlite and compound fertilizer at the volume ratio of 3:6:0.5:0.5; 7, supporting is conducted; 8, watering is conducted, wherein watering is immediately conducted after transplanting is completed, watering is conducted for the second time on the third day after transplanting is completed, and watering is conducted for the third time on the sixth day after transplanting is completed. The summer shifting and transporting survival rate of magnolia gradiflora reaches more than 86%, and enterprise cost can be reduced.

Description

A kind of method improving wide yulan movement in summer survival rate
Technical field
The present invention relates to large nursery stocks movement technical field, particularly a kind of method improving wide yulan movement in summer survival rate.
Background technology
Wide yulan is Magnoliaceae Magnolia aiphyllium, very large owing to blooming, likeness in form lotus, therefore also known as " evergreen magnolia ", tree performance is grand, and the wealthy shade of leaf is dense, and flower is full of fragrance like lotus, the wind resistance of resistance to cigarette, and anti-toxic gas is strong, is the conventional seeds of afforestation.Often due to duration reason in Practical Project, most of seedling growth time belongs to anti-season period, and wide yulan, in movement in summer process, often because transpiration dehydration is too much dead, reduces its transplanting survival rate greatly.Therefore, study the resist technology in wide yulan movement process, to the wide yulan transplanting survival rate of raising and reduce the transport link cost such as sun-proof there is profound significance.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of method improving wide yulan movement in summer survival rate, simple to operate, survival rate is high, reduce entreprise cost.
The present invention improves the method for wide yulan movement in summer survival rate, comprises the following steps:
(1) movement season: select time is in July, 2013 in summer, and temperature is at 26-34 DEG C, and now temperature is higher, and transpiration rate is large.
(2) native ball digging: centered by trunk, native bulb diameter is preferably the 6-8 of trunk diameter doubly, along the peripheral vertical ditching of tree crown, excavates to 4/5 height of native bulb diameter always; With spade by native ball surface equating, up big and down small shoulder is round and smooth, cuts off slightly follow with handsaw or shrub and hedge trimmer, and unavailable spade is firmly cut and causes loose sticking together; Straw rope after utilizing clear water to soak, adopts five angie types to wrap up native ball; Trunk adopt sack sheet, straw rope around, generally from rhizome to branch point.
(3) transpiration inhibitor is sprayed: preparation state light transpiration inhibitor concentration 70mg/L, utilizes sprayer evenly to spray southern magnolia sheet, trunk, native ball, be advisable not drip, after 8-10min medicament absorbs.
(4) lifting and transport: use the wide suspender belt of 12cm to break into " O " shape oil bottle joint, hold in the palm in native ball bottom, then play slip-knot lifting above trunk; During entrucking, tree crown backward, is crowded around with marline by tree crown gently, avoids mopping floor, and covers 2 layers of sunshade net.
(5) priming leaf is pruned: prune away sick branch, extracts 1/3 blade.
(6) to dig pit plantation: plant pit specification 40cm larger than native bulb diameter, the large 20cm of the degree of depth; Evenly flutter in plant pit and spread one deck 3-5cm matrix, matrix contains peat, loose squama, perlite, composite fertilizer, and the volume ratio of four is 3:6:0.5:0.5; Backfill soil compaction in layers, is embedded in underground entirely native ball.
(7) support: utilize three fir poles to be bundled in more than trunk branch point, the trunk at strong point place is applied soft material and done bed course, protects.
(8) water: immediately water after planting, after cultivation, 3d waters second time water, and after planting, 6d completes and waters for the third time.
Described wide yulan specification size is that the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground is at 17-18cm.
The anti-transpiration inhibitor of described state light can form a kind of diaphragm at plant surface fast, effectively controls Plant moisture and evaporate when not affecting photosynthesis of plant.
Described state light transpiration inhibitor concentration is determined, through variable concentrations proportioning test, filter out the optium concentration 70mg/L of applicable wide yulan, now the relative fresh water spraying of Transpiration, reaches minimum of a value 0.376-0.401mmol.H 2o.m -2.s -1.
Described state light transpiration inhibitor sprays the time, and after nursery stock digging, should spray, avoid spray noon after selecting blade dew sooner or later dry, the rear 6h of spray meets rain and should fill spray.
Described matrix components, mainly peat, loose squama, perlite, composite fertilizer, the mass ratio of four is 3:6:0.5:0.5, and wherein peat is northeast peat, and composite fertilizer is nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, this kind of substrate composition, is conducive to root system of plant and is formed and nutrient demand.
Described three fir poles support, and prevent trunk from rocking, damage root system.
Described mode of watering, plants in one week, ensures the moisture needed for seedling growth, keeps ground moistening, is beneficial to seedling root and is formed.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: the method that invention increases wide yulan movement in summer survival rate, simple to operate, and survival rate, to more than 86%, is conducive to saving entreprise cost.
Embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below by embodiment.
Embodiment one
Improve a method for wide yulan movement in summer survival rate, comprise the following steps, (1) movement season: select time is in July 20 2013 summer.(2) native ball digging: native bulb diameter is 6 times of trunk diameter, during native ball height soil bulb diameter 4/5; Use handsaw to cut off slightly to follow; Utilize straw rope and adopt five angie types to wrap up native ball; Trunk adopt sack sheet, straw rope around, from rhizome to branch point.(3) transpiration inhibitor is sprayed: preparation state light transpiration inhibitor concentration 70mg/L, utilizes sprayer evenly to spray southern magnolia sheet, trunk, native ball, be advisable not drip, after 8-10min medicament absorbs.(4) lifting and transport: use the wide suspender belt of 12cm to break into " O " shape oil bottle joint, hold in the palm in native ball bottom, then play slip-knot lifting above trunk; During entrucking, tree crown backward, is crowded around with marline by tree crown gently, and covers 2 layers of sunshade net.(5) priming leaf is pruned: prune away sick branch, extracts 1/3 blade.(6) to dig pit plantation: plant pit specification 40cm larger than native bulb diameter, the large 20cm of the degree of depth; Evenly flutter in plant pit and spread one deck and contain peat, loose squama, perlite, composite fertilizer, volume ratio is 3:6:0.5:0.5, and thickness is the matrix of 5cm, and backfill soil compaction in layers is embedded in underground entirely native ball.(7) support: utilize three fir poles to be bundled in more than trunk branch point, the trunk at strong point place is applied soft material and done bed course, protects.(8) water: immediately water after planting, after cultivation, 3d waters second time water, and after planting, 6d completes and waters for the third time.
According to above-mentioned resist technology method, wide yulan transplanting survival rate reaches 87%, substantially increases wide yulan transplanting survival rate and has saved entreprise cost.

Claims (7)

1. improve a method for wide yulan movement in summer survival rate, comprise the following steps:
(1) movement season: select time is in summer, and temperature is at 26-34 DEG C;
(2) native ball digging: centered by trunk, native bulb diameter is preferably the 6-8 of trunk diameter doubly, along the peripheral vertical ditching of tree crown, excavates to 4/5 height of native bulb diameter always;
(3) transpiration inhibitor is sprayed: preparation state light transpiration inhibitor concentration 70mg/L, utilizes sprayer evenly to spray southern magnolia sheet, trunk, native ball, be advisable not drip, treat that 8-10min medicament absorbs;
(4) lifting and transport;
(5) priming leaf is pruned: prune away sick branch, extracts 1/3 blade;
(6) to dig pit plantation: plant pit specification 40cm larger than native bulb diameter, the large 20cm of the degree of depth; Evenly flutter in plant pit and spread one deck 3-5cm matrix, matrix contains peat, loose squama, perlite, composite fertilizer, and the volume ratio of four is 3:6:0.5:0.5; Backfill soil compaction in layers, is embedded in underground entirely native ball;
(7) support;
(8) water: immediately water after planting, after cultivation, within the 3rd day, water second time water, within the 6th day, complete after planting and water for the third time.
2. a kind of method improving wide yulan movement in summer survival rate according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in step (2) with spade by round and smooth for the big up and small down shoulder of native ball surface equating, cut off with handsaw or shrub and hedge trimmer and slightly follow; Straw rope after utilizing clear water to soak, adopts five angie types to wrap up native ball; Trunk adopt sack sheet, straw rope around, from rhizome to branch point, and hide sunshade net.
3. a kind of method improving wide yulan movement in summer survival rate according to claim 2, is characterized in that: use the wide suspender belt of 12cm to break into " O " shape oil bottle joint in step (4), hold in the palm in native ball bottom, above trunk, then play slip-knot lifting; During entrucking, tree crown backward, is crowded around with marline by tree crown gently, avoids mopping floor, and covers two-layer sunshade net.
4. a kind of method improving wide yulan movement in summer survival rate according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground of described wide yulan is at 17-18cm.
5. a kind of method improving wide yulan movement in summer survival rate according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described state light transpiration inhibitor sprays the time after nursery stock digging, spray after selecting blade dew sooner or later dry, avoid spray noon, the rear 6h of spray meets rain and should fill spray.
6. a kind of method improving wide yulan movement in summer survival rate according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described peat is northeast peat, described composite fertilizer is nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer.
7. a kind of method improving wide yulan movement in summer survival rate according to claim 6, it is characterized in that utilizing three fir poles to be bundled in more than trunk branch point in step (7), the trunk at strong point place is applied soft material and is done bed course.
CN201510575046.0A 2015-09-11 2015-09-11 Method for increasing summer shifting and transporting survival rate of magnolia gradiflora Pending CN105165441A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106613699A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-10 徐维 Cultivation method capable of increasing survival rate of southern magnolias
CN107027589A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-08-11 枞阳县弘阳园林绿化有限公司 A kind of method for improving Flos micheliae Albae transplanting survival rate
CN107278768A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-10-24 杭州木兰园林绿化工程有限公司 A kind of green plant system construction and maintaining process
CN107439334A (en) * 2017-09-11 2017-12-08 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 A kind of implantation method of summer high temperature Flos micheliae Albae
CN108293391A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-07-20 北京林业大学 Magnolia wufengensis fertilizing method
WO2020228186A1 (en) * 2019-05-14 2020-11-19 浙江大学 Method for rapidly and artificially cultivating abies plant seedlings
CN113748906A (en) * 2021-08-11 2021-12-07 华艺生态园林股份有限公司 Supplementary planting method for improving summer survival rate of southern magnolia

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CN104081961A (en) * 2014-06-16 2014-10-08 郎溪县双明生态农业有限公司 Transplanting method for southern magnolias

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107027589A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-08-11 枞阳县弘阳园林绿化有限公司 A kind of method for improving Flos micheliae Albae transplanting survival rate
CN106613699A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-10 徐维 Cultivation method capable of increasing survival rate of southern magnolias
CN107278768A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-10-24 杭州木兰园林绿化工程有限公司 A kind of green plant system construction and maintaining process
CN107439334A (en) * 2017-09-11 2017-12-08 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 A kind of implantation method of summer high temperature Flos micheliae Albae
CN108293391A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-07-20 北京林业大学 Magnolia wufengensis fertilizing method
WO2020228186A1 (en) * 2019-05-14 2020-11-19 浙江大学 Method for rapidly and artificially cultivating abies plant seedlings
CN113748906A (en) * 2021-08-11 2021-12-07 华艺生态园林股份有限公司 Supplementary planting method for improving summer survival rate of southern magnolia

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