CN104067899A - Transplanting method of large-specification nursery stocks in Southern Xinjiang - Google Patents

Transplanting method of large-specification nursery stocks in Southern Xinjiang Download PDF

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CN104067899A
CN104067899A CN201410186286.7A CN201410186286A CN104067899A CN 104067899 A CN104067899 A CN 104067899A CN 201410186286 A CN201410186286 A CN 201410186286A CN 104067899 A CN104067899 A CN 104067899A
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water
root
planting
soil
carbendazim
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CN201410186286.7A
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CN104067899B (en
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汤聪
陈士壬
李亚钦
张�杰
黄旖旎
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广州市恒盛园林科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a transplanting method of large-specification nursery stocks in Southern Xinjiang. The method comprises the following steps: 1) dredging and picking the nursery stocks; 2) binding to form a soil ball; 3) hoisting and transporting; 4) performing field planting for the nursery stocks; 5) maintaining and managing after planting; 6) preventing and controlling diseases and insect pests. According to the transplanting method of the large-specification nursery stocks in Southern Xinjiang, the soil ball binding technology, the soil salt-alkali processing technology, the planting method, the maintaining after planting, and the diseases and insect pests control means are carried out, which enable the transplanting survival rate of the large-specification nursery stocks to reach more than 90%.

Description

A kind of Southern Xinjiang large nursery stocks trasplanting method

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of Southern Xinjiang large nursery stocks trasplanting method.

Background technology

Along with the help build great development of country to Xinjiang region, the call of each big and medium-sized cities response Party Central Committee of inland has added one after another helps the spring tide that boundary is built, and pushes forward the great-leap-forward development of west lags far comprehensively.The places such as the new community building, school, industrial and mineral factory building, hotel, market all need supporting landscape architecture, the construction of garden landscape be unable to do without the plantation of ornamental trees and shrubs, and along with more and more higher to environmental requirement of people, simple seedling plantation can not meet the requirement of fast greening, and big tree transplanting starts to be generally applied in the middle of urban landscaping and landscape architecture.Big tree transplanting can not only embody the afforestation effect getting instant result in a short period of time, can also transplant timely protection to the large tree of impact construction on some construction sites.

The increase of large nursery stocks demand, also many negative issues have been brought, big tree transplanting is the work that complex art content is very high, many nursery stock dealers are for seeking interests, in rural area, purchase in a large number large nursery stocks, because implantation technique is lack of standardization, cause the phenomenons such as the low even trees of transplanting success death, cause the waste of resource and ecological destruction.Research about big tree transplanting method aspect has a lot, and transplanting successful story also has a lot, but due to big tree transplanting, is subject to the combined influences such as seeds, specification and weather conditions, therefore need formulate the plan of transplanting according to actual conditions.Be subject to the impact of the high and cold arid special climate condition in Southern Xinjiang, in gardens, adaptable nursery stock kind is dull rare, and can use for reference without relevant big tree transplanting experience, this research is on the basis of traditional trasplanting method, by engineering practice, the trees of the 10-50 of strain more than 10,000 cm have been transplanted, by native bag is pricked to technology, soil alkaline treatment technology, method for planting, the technology such as rear maintenance and the extermination of disease and insect pest of planting improve and innovate, a whole set of Southern Xinjiang large nursery stocks trasplanting method is found out in research, the trees of transplanting by the method, transplanting success reaches more than 90%, the method also can promote the use of northeast, other high and cold arid areas such as northwest.

" method for transplanting trees with whole canopy ", number of patent application: 200810198581.9, this disclosure of the invention a kind of method for transplanting trees with whole canopy, what comprise mud ball size determines, prunes, rises mud ball and packing, plant pit preparation, field planting maintenance etc., and a kind of method for transplanting trees with whole canopy that can improve big tree transplanting survival rate is provided.

" big tree transplanting method ", number of patent application: 201310191732.9, this invention provides a kind of big tree transplanting overall process---and comprise pretreatment, digging, pruning before transplanting, pack, twine processing methods dry, each links such as maintenance of loading and transporting, plant.

Existing Big Trees Transplant, is all the tree grafting growth carrying out under normal climate condition, and implantation technique mainly lays particular emphasis on the wrapping of native ball, the problems such as maintenance of pruning, plant, in strict accordance with the operation of each step, and can basic guarantee transplanting survival rate.Related in this research is that the large nursery stocks of high and cold arid area, South Sinkiang is transplanted, compare conventional big tree transplanting, Southern Xinjiang soil sandy loamization is serious, drought and water shortage, day and night temperature are very big, cold in winter and hot in summer, winter very long severe cold, summer is hot dry, be not suitable for very much plant growth, transplant large specification trees extremely difficult especially.Existing technology is not also studied for Southern Xinjiang big tree transplanting specially.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of Southern Xinjiang large nursery stocks trasplanting method.

The technical solution used in the present invention is:

A Southern Xinjiang large nursery stocks trasplanting method, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:

1) nursery stock is excavated: first, determine temperature condition and time that nursery stock is excavated, the temperature condition that nursery stock is excavated is: higher than 10 ℃, the time of excavating is selected from following two time periods: March 10 is to by the end of April, or November 20 is to December 25, then, treat the nursery stock of transplanting and excavate front pruning, make the otch pruned level and smooth, thorax branch, a sick deadwood in cleaning on the basis that retains the original skeleton of tree crown, the wound that is greater than 2cm is smeared Wound-healing agent and is used film seal again; Again centered by trunk, take trunk diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground 6-8 doubly as diameter draws a circular sideline, outer ditching along this sideline, ditching forms the native ball of reverse frustoconic, that it is sawed-off while running into lateral root, bottom main root in digging process, 200 times of liquid of state's light for root " No. 1, root power " spray, to induce nursery stock to take root, and spray native ball, the anti-root-rot of sterilizing with 600 times of liquid of carbendazim;

2) native bag is pricked: with the string bag, wrap up native ball;

3) lifting transportation: the preparation before lifting: nursery stock base portion, trunk place have twined straw rope and wrapped up burlap sheet or soft cotton class article at lifting position; If the transplanting nursery stock diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground surpasses 25cm, at suspension centre place, around trunk, nail on flitch after determining suspension centre, in case bark is pulled during lifting; After preparation before lifting completes, lift by crane, nursery stock is tiltedly hung in preprepared planting pit;

4) seedling planting: the string bag of removing the native ball of parcel, then in kind of plant hole, pad spreads river sand, apply again farmyard manure, then nursery stock is planted and just holding up the straight rear past in-built backfill soil of filling out of plant hole of planting, backfill soil is the mixture of river sand, soil, farmyard manure, filling backfill soil is that layering is inserted, often fill out one deck compacting one deck, the hole of not leaving a blank, during filling, between cave and native ball, put 4-5 bar water pipe, on water pipe, punch, water pipe one end is higher than ground, and the water pipe port exposing is wrapped up with poromeric material, prevent that mud from falling into obstruction pore in pipe;

After field planting completes, the native face after trees field planting is lower than original soil aspect; Kai Yuan weir, outer in the surrounding of planting pit around cave, circle weir is high compared with original soil aspect, treads, claps tightly with preventing water leakage after opening round weir;

5) plant rear maintenance management: 1. water normal root water: after seedling planting, first water normal root water, water permeable three times, first pass water water after transplanting, after transplanting, in two, three days, complete second time permeable, in one week, complete the 3rd time permeable, after watering, carry out whole weir, the leak stopping of banketing at every turn;

2. after transplanting nursery stock normal root water waters, look soil moisture content later, by dry, do not water, water and irrigate principle and water;

3. the water seasoning of above step in is 2. normally watering of non high temperature season, and in temperature the high temperature season higher than 35 ℃, except normally watering, each straw rope being wound around to tree body or moisturizing pad water spray once, make it remain on moisture state sooner or later;

2. and in the operation of 3. watering, in conjunction with watering, adding 200mg/L methyl α-naphthyl acetate (is that methyl α-naphthyl acetate adds in water, make its concentration reach 200mg/L, by the water that contains this methyl α-naphthyl acetate carry out step 2. with 3. in the operation of watering) or add ABT root-inducing powder in conjunction with watering, or No. 2, state's light root power mixes pouring in conjunction with root spirit, to promote capillary root to sprout ahead of time and prevent the generation of bad root phenomenon;

6) extermination of disease and insect pest: for Black Bar Beetle, in the bark beetle outbreak period, adopt one of following methods to remove insect pest: if 1. temperature is lower than 35 ℃, adopt the sticky liquid brushing Black Bar Beetle stem sample site of hairbrush for flolimat liquid, after brushing, by film wrapped, brush medicine position, bark beetle smoked kill, in tree body, is not removed to film in this process; In case of surpassed 35 ℃, after 24 h, film is removed to non-35 ℃ of above next films of not removing of high-temperature condition;

2. utilize medicine mud control bark beetle, adult, raise and fly early stage, Le Siben missible oil is made to weak solution; Then with 20-25 kilogram of solution of every tree, carry out and mud, the ratio of solution and mud is attachedly as the criterion in the tree with rare thick can the smearing of mixing rear medicine mud, and medicine mud smearing thickness is 1.0~1.5 cm; Smearing position is trees acrial part Black Bar Beetle position, before surviving the winter, allly by Black Bar Beetle, is also crossed trunk, branch and the dead plant of not curing completely and does not all wipe out, pulls out and concentrate outburst and the harm of destroying with containment bark beetle in the coming year;

For rot, adopt following method to prevent and treat:

First with the pocket knife position of rotting, reject totally, by the mixture of rope glue, carbendazim and the capable mix of water, with hairbrush, brush affected part afterwards, after film wrapped 24h, remove; Or with edible garlic, mash taking juice, after mixing with water, brush affected part, removes after film wrapped 24h; After rot is cured, then wound is blocked, prevented that damage by disease and insect from invading and rot recurs again, the method that wound is blocked adopts one of following method: the mixture of mud, carbendazim and water carry out mix, and mix is rear obstruction evenly; Or mixture and the evenly rear obstruction of water mix with cement mortar, carbendazim.

Step 2) in, described string bag top is placed with several slings, and string bag face is provided with string bag slide fastener and several slings, and string bag bottom is provided with bottom and closes up.

In step 3), the length of described flitch is 50-70cm.

In step 4), the thickness of the river sand of pad paving is 25-30cm, and the thickness of the farmyard manure applying is 10-15cm; Backfill soil is the mixture that river sand, soil, farmyard manure mass ratio are 4:3.5-4.5:1.5-2.5; After field planting completes, the native face after trees field planting is than the low 3-6cm of original soil face; Circle weir is compared with the high 20-30cm of original soil aspect.

In step 5), if in the time of seedling planting, temperature is at 2-12 ℃, after field planting, also carry out following maintenance management: in tree body bottom, around trunk, add a circle supporting stick with above 10-15cm place, soil junction, supporting stick one end withstands on trunk place, the other end withstands on soil layer, then on supporting stick overlay film, antifreeze to realize, windproof, insulation.

In step 5), when planting pit capping salt alkali content increases to whiting gradually, also carry out following maintenance management: in cofferdam, sprinkle one deck absorption material, while watering, moisture has dissolved saline and alkaline in soil, and along with the evaporation of moisture, in water, saline and alkaline increases gradually, be adsorbed on absorption material, after moisture penetration in planting pit is complete, enough saline and alkaline and occur that the absorption material of whiting removes by having adsorbed, repeat above-mentioned steps until the salt alkali number of the upper absorption of last absorption material is less.

In step 6), described flolimat liquid is 500 times of liquid of concentration 40% flolimat; The concentration of the weak solution that Le Siben missible oil is made is 0.475%; In the mixture of rope glue, carbendazim, both mass ratioes are 1:1, and the mixture of rope glue, carbendazim and the mass ratio of water are 5:1, and the mass ratio of garlic juice and water is 1:2.

In step 6), in the mixture of mud, carbendazim, both mass ratioes are 1:1, and the mixture of mud, carbendazim and the mass ratio of water are 5:1; In the mixture of cement mortar, carbendazim, both mass ratioes are 1:1, and the mixture of cement mortar, carbendazim and the mass ratio of water are 5:1.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention by native bag bundle technology, soil alkaline treatment technology, method for planting, plant the means of rear maintenance and the extermination of disease and insect pest, can make to reach more than 90% at the transplanting success of Southern Xinjiang large nursery stocks.

Specifically: 1,, by wrapping up the improvement of native net pocket, can guarantee the consolidation of native ball, and can stop being scattered of the tiny earth of native ball, keep permeable, the gas permeability of soil, also can better retain the efficacy of drugs that root sprays.

2, by wooden chaff, rice bran, straw, cover the physical measure such as plant pit and reduce the saline and alkaline method of planting soil, simple to operate, draw materials easily, can not only effectively solve salinization of soil problem, and economic environmental protection.

3,, by the research to damage by disease and insect such as bark beetle, rots, adopt film wrapped trunk smoked kill method can solve fast and effectively damage by disease and insect problem.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the tiling figure of the present invention's string bag used.

Fig. 2 is the front elevation view that encloses of the present invention's string bag used.

Fig. 3 is the photo in kind after seedling planting.

Fig. 4 plants the photo in kind after overlay film in rear maintenance management operation.

Fig. 5 plants the photo in kind that stops up wound in rear maintenance management operation.

Embodiment

A Southern Xinjiang large nursery stocks trasplanting method, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:

1) nursery stock is excavated: first, determine temperature condition and time that nursery stock is excavated, the temperature condition that nursery stock is excavated is: higher than 10 ℃, the time of excavating is selected from following two time periods: March 10 is to by the end of April, or (be to choose from these two time periods the concrete time that nursery stock is excavated November 20 to December 25, and need to meet: temperature is higher than 10 ℃), then, treat the nursery stock of transplanting and excavate front pruning, make the otch of pruning level and smooth, thorax branch in cleaning on the basis that retains the original skeleton of tree crown, sick branch deadwood, the wound that is greater than 2cm is smeared Wound-healing agent and is used film seal again, again centered by trunk, take trunk diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground 6-8 doubly as diameter draws a circular sideline, outer ditching along this sideline, ditching forms the native ball of reverse frustoconic, that it is sawed-off while running into lateral root, bottom main root in digging process, 200 times of liquid of state's light for root " No. 1, root power " spray, to induce nursery stock to take root, and spray native ball, the anti-root-rot of sterilizing with 600 times of liquid of carbendazim,

2) native bag is pricked: with the string bag, wrap up native ball;

Preferably, step 2) string bag described in, as shown in Figure 1, string bag top is placed with several slings 1 to its tiling figure, and string bag face is provided with string bag slide fastener 2 and several slings 3, and string bag bottom is provided with bottom and closes up 4.

This string bag enclose front elevation view as shown in Figure 2, after native ball encloses, rope is walked around the symmetrical Buckle 1 of trunk, in addition, rope is alternately through sling 3, and tension encloses, then slide fastener 2 is pulled on to pinning, rope closes up through bottom closing in 4, uses the string bag of this structure, can firmly wrap native ball.

3) lifting transportation: the preparation before lifting: nursery stock base portion, trunk place have twined straw rope and wrapped up burlap sheet or soft cotton class article at lifting position; If the transplanting nursery stock diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground surpasses 25 cm, at suspension centre place, around trunk, nail on the flitch of 50-70cm after determining suspension centre, in case bark is pulled during lifting; After preparation before lifting completes, lift by crane, nursery stock is tiltedly hung in preprepared planting pit;

4) seedling planting: the string bag of removing the native ball of parcel, then in kind of plant hole, pad spreads the thick river sand of 25-30cm, apply again the farmyard manure that 10-15cm is thick, then nursery stock is planted and just holding up the straight rear past in-built backfill soil of filling out of plant hole of planting, backfill soil is river sand, soil, farmyard manure mass ratio is the mixture of 4:3.5-4.5:1.5-2.5, filling backfill soil is that layering is inserted, often fill out one deck compacting one deck, the hole of not leaving a blank, during filling, between cave and native ball, put 4-5 bar water pipe, on water pipe, punch, water pipe one end is higher than ground, and the water pipe port exposing is wrapped up with poromeric material, prevent that mud from falling into obstruction pore in pipe,

After field planting completes, the native face after trees field planting is than the low 3-6cm of original soil aspect; Kai Yuan weir, outer in the surrounding of planting pit around cave, weir is compared with the high 20-30cm of original soil aspect, treads, claps tightly with preventing water leakage after opening round weir;

Fig. 3 is the photo in kind after seedling planting.

5) plant rear maintenance management: 1. water normal root water: after seedling planting, first water normal root water, water permeable three times, first pass water water after transplanting, after transplanting, in two, three days, complete second time permeable, in one week, complete the 3rd time permeable, after watering, carry out whole weir, the leak stopping of banketing at every turn;

2. after transplanting nursery stock normal root water waters, look soil moisture content later, by dry, do not water, water and irrigate principle and water;

3. the water seasoning of above step in is 2. normally watering of non high temperature season, and in temperature the high temperature season higher than 35 ℃, except normally watering, each straw rope being wound around to tree body or moisturizing pad water spray once, make it remain on moisture state sooner or later;

2. and in the operation of 3. watering, in conjunction with watering, adding 200mg/L methyl α-naphthyl acetate (is that methyl α-naphthyl acetate adds in water, make its concentration reach 200mg/L, by the water that contains this methyl α-naphthyl acetate carry out step 2. with 3. in the operation of watering) or add ABT root-inducing powder in conjunction with watering, or No. 2, state's light root power mixes pouring in conjunction with root spirit, to promote capillary root to sprout ahead of time and prevent the generation of bad root phenomenon;

Preferably, if in the time of seedling planting, temperature is at 2-12 ℃, after field planting, also carry out following maintenance management: in tree body bottom, around trunk, add a circle supporting stick with above 10-15cm place, soil junction, supporting stick one end withstands on trunk place, the other end withstands on soil layer, is overlay film on supporting stick, antifreeze to realize, windproof, insulation;

Fig. 4 plants the photo in kind after overlay film in rear maintenance management operation.

Preferably, when planting pit capping salt alkali content increases to whiting gradually, also carry out following maintenance management: in cofferdam, sprinkle one deck absorption material (absorption material is wooden chaff or rice bran or dry rice straw), while watering, moisture has dissolved saline and alkaline in soil, evaporation along with moisture, in water, saline and alkaline increases gradually, be adsorbed on absorption material, after moisture penetration in planting pit is complete, enough saline and alkaline and occur that the absorption material of whiting removes by having adsorbed, repeat above-mentioned steps until the salt alkali number of the upper absorption of last absorption material less (can't see the upper absorption of absorption material adularescent solid).

By above method, lower saline and alkaline in sustainable maintenance kind plant hole.And with wooden chaff, rice bran or straw mulching plant cave, shelter from heat or light to native ball, and avoid burning sun directly according to solarization, give native ball heat and moisture preserving.

6) extermination of disease and insect pest: for Black Bar Beetle, in the bark beetle outbreak period, adopt one of following methods to remove insect pest: if 1. temperature is lower than 35 ℃, adopt the sticky liquid brushing Black Bar Beetle stem sample site of hairbrush for 500 times of liquid of concentration 40% flolimat, after brushing, by film wrapped, brush medicine position, bark beetle smoked kill, in tree body, is not removed to film in this process; In case of surpassed 35 ℃, after 24 h, film is removed to non-35 ℃ of above next films of not removing of high-temperature condition;

2. utilize medicine mud control bark beetle, adult, raise and fly early stage, 48% Le Siben missible oil (every kg is containing active ingredient 480g) is diluted to 0.475%(mass concentration) solution; Then with 20 kilograms of solution of every tree, carry out and mud, the ratio of solution and mud is attachedly as the criterion in the tree with rare thick can the smearing of mixing rear medicine mud, and medicine mud smearing thickness is 1.0~1.5 cm; Smearing position is trees acrial part Black Bar Beetle position, before surviving the winter, allly by Black Bar Beetle, is also crossed trunk, branch and the dead plant of not curing completely and does not all wipe out, pulls out and concentrate outburst and the harm of destroying with containment bark beetle in the coming year;

For rot, adopt following method to prevent and treat:

First with pocket knife will rot position reject clean, by the mixture of rope glue, carbendazim (both mass ratioes are 1:1) with water according to the capable mix of mass ratio 5:1, with hairbrush, brush affected part afterwards, after film wrapped 24h, remove; Or with edible garlic, mash taking juice, brush affected part after mixing with mass ratio 1:2 with water, removes after film wrapped 24h; After rot is cured, again wound is blocked, prevent that damage by disease and insect from invading and rot recurs again, the method that wound is blocked adopts one of following method: the mixture of mud, carbendazim (both mass ratioes are 1:1) carries out mix with water according to mass ratio 5:1, and mix is rear obstruction evenly; Or according to mass ratio 5:1, carry out evenly rear obstruction of mix with water with the mixture (both mass ratioes are 1:1) of cement mortar, carbendazim.

Fig. 5 plants the photo in kind that stops up wound in rear maintenance management operation.

Through overtesting, in Southern Xinjiang, by method of the present invention, can be so that the transplanting success of large nursery stocks (as circle hat elm, oriental plane tree) reaches more than 90%; In addition, trasplanting method of the present invention also may extend to other high and cold arid areas: as the high and cold arid area in northeast, northwest, the Inner Mongol etc.

Claims (8)

1. a Southern Xinjiang large nursery stocks trasplanting method, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
1) nursery stock is excavated: first, determine temperature condition and time that nursery stock is excavated, the temperature condition that nursery stock is excavated is: higher than 10 ℃, the time of excavating is selected from following two time periods: March 10 is to by the end of April, or November 20 is to December 25, then, treat the nursery stock of transplanting and excavate front pruning, make the otch pruned level and smooth, thorax branch, a sick deadwood in cleaning on the basis that retains the original skeleton of tree crown, the wound that is greater than 2cm is smeared Wound-healing agent and is used film seal again; Again centered by trunk, take trunk diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground 6-8 doubly as diameter draws a circular sideline, outer ditching along this sideline, ditching forms the native ball of reverse frustoconic, that it is sawed-off while running into lateral root, bottom main root in digging process, 200 times of liquid of state's light for root " No. 1, root power " spray, to induce nursery stock to take root, and spray native ball, the anti-root-rot of sterilizing with 600 times of liquid of carbendazim;
2) native bag is pricked: with the string bag, wrap up native ball;
3) lifting transportation: the preparation before lifting: nursery stock base portion, trunk place have twined straw rope and wrapped up burlap sheet or soft cotton class article at lifting position; If the transplanting nursery stock diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground surpasses 25cm, at suspension centre place, around trunk, nail on flitch after determining suspension centre, in case bark is pulled during lifting; After preparation before lifting completes, lift by crane, nursery stock is tiltedly hung in preprepared planting pit;
4) seedling planting: the string bag of removing the native ball of parcel, then in kind of plant hole, pad spreads river sand, apply again farmyard manure, then nursery stock is planted and just holding up the straight rear past in-built backfill soil of filling out of plant hole of planting, backfill soil is the mixture of river sand, soil, farmyard manure, filling backfill soil is that layering is inserted, often fill out one deck compacting one deck, the hole of not leaving a blank, during filling, between cave and native ball, put 4-5 bar water pipe, on water pipe, punch, water pipe one end is higher than ground, and the water pipe port exposing is wrapped up with poromeric material, prevent that mud from falling into obstruction pore in pipe;
After field planting completes, the native face after trees field planting is lower than original soil aspect; Kai Yuan weir, outer in the surrounding of planting pit around cave, circle weir is high compared with original soil aspect, treads, claps tightly with preventing water leakage after opening round weir;
5) plant rear maintenance management: 1. water normal root water: after seedling planting, first water normal root water, water permeable three times, first pass water water after transplanting, after transplanting, in two, three days, complete second time permeable, in one week, complete the 3rd time permeable, after watering, carry out whole weir, the leak stopping of banketing at every turn;
2. after transplanting nursery stock normal root water waters, look soil moisture content later, by dry, do not water, water and irrigate principle and water;
3. the water seasoning of above step in is 2. normally watering of non high temperature season, and in temperature the high temperature season higher than 35 ℃, except normally watering, each straw rope being wound around to tree body or moisturizing pad water spray once, make it remain on moisture state sooner or later;
2. and in the operation of 3. watering, in conjunction with watering, adding 200mg/L methyl α-naphthyl acetate (is that methyl α-naphthyl acetate adds in water, make its concentration reach 200mg/L, by the water that contains this methyl α-naphthyl acetate carry out step 2. with 3. in the operation of watering) or add ABT root-inducing powder in conjunction with watering, or No. 2, state's light root power mixes pouring in conjunction with root spirit, to promote capillary root to sprout ahead of time and prevent the generation of bad root phenomenon;
6) extermination of disease and insect pest: for Black Bar Beetle, in the bark beetle outbreak period, adopt one of following methods to remove insect pest: if 1. temperature is lower than 35 ℃, adopt the sticky liquid brushing Black Bar Beetle stem sample site of hairbrush for flolimat liquid, after brushing, by film wrapped, brush medicine position, bark beetle smoked kill, in tree body, is not removed to film in this process; In case of surpassed 35 ℃, after 24 h, film is removed to non-35 ℃ of above next films of not removing of high-temperature condition;
2. utilize medicine mud control bark beetle, adult, raise and fly early stage, Le Siben missible oil is made to weak solution; Then with 20-25 kilogram of solution of every tree, carry out and mud, the ratio of solution and mud is attachedly as the criterion in the tree with rare thick can the smearing of mixing rear medicine mud, and medicine mud smearing thickness is 1.0~1.5 cm; Smearing position is trees acrial part Black Bar Beetle position, before surviving the winter, allly by Black Bar Beetle, is also crossed trunk, branch and the dead plant of not curing completely and does not all wipe out, pulls out and concentrate outburst and the harm of destroying with containment bark beetle in the coming year;
For rot, adopt following method to prevent and treat:
First with the pocket knife position of rotting, reject totally, by the mixture of rope glue, carbendazim and the capable mix of water, with hairbrush, brush affected part afterwards, after film wrapped 24h, remove; Or with edible garlic, mash taking juice, after mixing with water, brush affected part, removes after film wrapped 24h; After rot is cured, then wound is blocked, prevented that damage by disease and insect from invading and rot recurs again, the method that wound is blocked adopts one of following method: the mixture of mud, carbendazim and water carry out mix, and mix is rear obstruction evenly; Or mixture and the evenly rear obstruction of water mix with cement mortar, carbendazim.
2. a kind of Southern Xinjiang according to claim 1 large nursery stocks trasplanting method, it is characterized in that: step 2) in, described string bag top is placed with several slings, and string bag face is provided with string bag slide fastener and several slings, and string bag bottom is provided with bottom and closes up.
3. a kind of Southern Xinjiang according to claim 1 large nursery stocks trasplanting method, is characterized in that: in step 3), the length of described flitch is 50-70cm.
4. a kind of Southern Xinjiang according to claim 1 large nursery stocks trasplanting method, is characterized in that: in step 4), the thickness of the river sand of pad paving is 25-30cm, and the thickness of the farmyard manure applying is 10-15cm; Backfill soil is the mixture that river sand, soil, farmyard manure mass ratio are 4:3.5-4.5:1.5-2.5; After field planting completes, the native face after trees field planting is than the low 3-6cm of original soil face; Circle weir is compared with the high 20-30cm of original soil aspect.
5. a kind of Southern Xinjiang according to claim 1 large nursery stocks trasplanting method, it is characterized in that: in step 5), if in the time of seedling planting, temperature is at 2-12 ℃, after field planting, also carry out following maintenance management: in tree body bottom, add a circle supporting stick with above 10-15cm place, soil junction around trunk, supporting stick one end withstands on trunk place, and the other end withstands on soil layer, overlay film on supporting stick again, antifreeze to realize, windproof, insulation.
6. a kind of Southern Xinjiang according to claim 1 large nursery stocks trasplanting method, it is characterized in that: in step 5), when planting pit capping salt alkali content increases to whiting gradually, also carry out following maintenance management: in cofferdam, sprinkle one deck absorption material, while watering, moisture has dissolved saline and alkaline in soil, evaporation along with moisture, in water, saline and alkaline increases gradually, be adsorbed on absorption material, after moisture penetration in planting pit is complete, enough saline and alkaline and occur that the absorption material of whiting removes by having adsorbed, repeat above-mentioned steps until the salt alkali number of the upper absorption of last absorption material is less.
7. a kind of Southern Xinjiang according to claim 1 large nursery stocks trasplanting method, is characterized in that: in step 6), described flolimat liquid is 500 times of liquid of concentration 40% flolimat; The concentration of the weak solution that Le Siben missible oil is made is 0.475%; In the mixture of rope glue, carbendazim, both mass ratioes are 1:1, and the mixture of rope glue, carbendazim and the mass ratio of water are 5:1, and the mass ratio of garlic juice and water is 1:2.
8. a kind of Southern Xinjiang according to claim 1 large nursery stocks trasplanting method, is characterized in that: in step 6), in the mixture of mud, carbendazim, both mass ratioes are 1:1, and the mixture of mud, carbendazim and the mass ratio of water are 5:1; In the mixture of cement mortar, carbendazim, both mass ratioes are 1:1, and the mixture of cement mortar, carbendazim and the mass ratio of water are 5:1.
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