CN111990148A - Cultivation method for enabling wild jujubes to enter high-yield period in advance and improving yield - Google Patents

Cultivation method for enabling wild jujubes to enter high-yield period in advance and improving yield Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111990148A
CN111990148A CN202010926740.3A CN202010926740A CN111990148A CN 111990148 A CN111990148 A CN 111990148A CN 202010926740 A CN202010926740 A CN 202010926740A CN 111990148 A CN111990148 A CN 111990148A
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China
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planting
yield
period
cultivation method
high yield
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Inventor
孙文元
孙一
李俊英
黄素芳
王梅
赵忠祥
曹平平
薛文
芮松青
武婷
孙海远
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Tianjin Development Zone Kunhe Biotechnology Co ltd
Cangzhou Academy Of Agriculture And Forestry Sciences
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Tianjin Development Zone Kunhe Biotechnology Co ltd
Cangzhou Academy Of Agriculture And Forestry Sciences
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Priority to CN202010926740.3A priority Critical patent/CN111990148A/en
Publication of CN111990148A publication Critical patent/CN111990148A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural planting, and discloses a cultivation method for leading wild jujube to enter a high yield period in advance and improving yield, which comprises the following steps: 1) selecting a planting field: the cultivation is required to be carried out in the sand and stone soil on sunny and dry hills, valleys, plains and roadside; 2) planting and selecting: seed propagation and plant division propagation are carried out, and the plant division propagation comprises the following steps: before germination in spring and after leaf fall in autumn, splitting the new plant roots from the roots of the old plants and planting; 3) planting: ditching according to the line spacing of 33 cm. The wild jujube cultivation method for advancing to the high yield period and improving the yield is characterized in that the selection of the planting field and the selection of the planting requirement of the land suitable for planting of the wild jujube are beneficial to the adaptation of seeds, the two planting selections can improve the yield and the high yield of the wild jujube, the planting field is weeded and topdressed at different heights to ensure the growth and the quality of the wild jujube, and branches after the growth are trimmed and reformed to improve the fruit setting rate of the wild jujube so as to achieve the best high yield quality.

Description

Cultivation method for enabling wild jujubes to enter high-yield period in advance and improving yield
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural planting, in particular to a cultivation method for advancing ziziphus jujuba into a high-yield period and improving yield.
Background
Wild jujube, Rhamnaceae jujube plant, which is a variety of jujube, also known as spine, thorn, wild jujube and kudzu, etc., the original product of China, North China, China and south China are also distributed, are mostly wild, often shrubs, also small trees, strong tree vigor, similar forms of branches, leaves and flowers to common jujube, but short branch internodes and developed thorns, except for the generation branches and branches, the bearing thorns are arranged at all the nodes, the bearing leaves of the bearing branches are also sharp and thin, the leaves are small and dense, the fruits are small, multiple circles or ellipses, the peels are thick, smooth, mauve or mauve, the flesh is thin, the taste is mostly sour, the kernel circle or ellipse is smooth, the kernel surface is smooth, 1 to 2 seeds are included, and the seeds are full and can be used as traditional Chinese medicine;
the wild jujube cultivation has high requirements on the planting environment and the planting, and a better cultivation method is needed to improve the yield of the wild jujube while the wild jujube enters the high-yield period in advance, so that the cultivation method for the wild jujube to enter the high-yield period in advance and improve the yield is provided.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides the cultivation method for the wild jujube to enter the high yield period in advance and improve the yield, has the advantages of entering the high yield period in advance, improving the yield and the like, and solves the problems of over-slow growth, lower yield and insect damage prevention.
(II) technical scheme
In order to realize the purpose of the cultivation method for the wild jujube to enter the high yield period in advance and improve the yield, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a cultivation method for advancing wild jujube into a high yield period and improving the yield is characterized by comprising the following steps:
1) selecting a planting field: the cultivation is required to be carried out in the sand and stone soil on sunny and dry hills, valleys, plains and roadside;
2) planting and selecting: seed propagation and plant division propagation are carried out, and the plant division propagation comprises the following steps: before germination in spring and after leaf fall in autumn, splitting the new plant roots from the roots of the old plants and planting;
3) planting: ditching according to the line spacing of 33cm, the depth of 7-10cm, sowing 1 seed every 7-10cm, covering soil for 2-3cm, watering and moisturizing;
4) weeding and fertilizing: performing shallow hoeing, loosening the soil and weeding after seedlings are grown out completely in a seedling raising field, performing weeding 2-3 times before winter, and respectively applying different fertilizers when the seedlings are 6-10cm high and 30cm high, wherein the season is the frequent rainfall season in 7-9 months, and applying fertilizers in the disease-sensitive period to prevent jujube rust;
5) the fruit setting rate is improved: reasonably trimming or reforming tree shape in spring, and sawing off the part of the trunk more than 1m to grow a plurality of lateral branches to form a crown; or performing annular peeling, circularly cutting the trunk at a height of 10cm from the ground for 1 circle in the full-bloom stage to reach xylem, circularly cutting for 1 circle at an interval of 0.5-0.6cm, and peeling off the bark between two circles, wherein the wound is healed after about 20 days, and the healed surface of the wound is more than 70% after 1 month;
6) insect pest prevention: the insect pest has yellow Li moth, and 90% of 800 times liquid of dipterex or 500 times liquid of cochliobolus powder can be sprayed in the larval stage;
7) harvesting: for 9-10 months, picking when the fruit is red, and dropping with bamboo rod;
8) packaging and storing: the storage should be stored in a clean, cool, dry, ventilated and peculiar smell-free special warehouse, and is moisture regain-proof and moth-proof, the temperature is below 30 ℃, the relative humidity is 70-80%, and the safe water content of the commodity is 12-14%; the environment should be kept clean during storage, the storage is affected with damp, slight mildew and worm damage, the storage is aired or piled up for ventilation in time, and the conditioned place can be sealed, oxygen-pumped and nitrogen-filled for maintenance.
Preferably, 5000-6000 times of 25% Jinlishi missible oil is sprayed in the 7-month rainfall period, and 4000 times of mixed solution is added for introducing water for 2-3 times.
Preferably, 5000-6000 times of 25% Jinlish missible oil is sprayed for 3 times in the frequent rainfall period of 8 and 9 months, and 4000 times of gentle water is added.
Preferably, 0.5% urea solution or 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution is sprayed for 2-3 times in the disease-affecting period.
Preferably, 225kg of ammonium sulfate is applied to each 1hm2 when the height of the seedling is 6-10cm, and 180 kg of calcium superphosphate is applied to each 1hm2 when the height of the seedling is 30 cm.
Preferably, the fruits can be sprayed with 0.03% -0.05% ethephon solution to urge to fall off, and the trees are shaken after 4 days to pick up the fallen fruits.
Preferably, the insect pest prevention is carried out by spraying 20% triadimefon 2000 times of fluid for 1 time in the late 7 months and the middle ten days, or spraying lime sulfur mixture for 1 time at about 1 month intervals, so that the occurrence of diseases can be effectively controlled.
Preferably, the fertilizers are mixed and processed by a stirrer for 5-10 minutes.
Preferably, the spring sowed seeds are subjected to sand storage treatment and are thawed.
The invention aims to solve another technical problem of providing a cultivation method for the wild jujube to enter the high yield period in advance and improve the yield, which comprises the following steps:
1) selecting a planting field: the cultivation is required to be carried out in the sand and stone soil on sunny and dry hills, valleys, plains and roadside;
2) planting and selecting: seed propagation and plant division propagation are carried out, and the plant division propagation comprises the following steps: before germination in spring and after leaf fall in autumn, splitting the new plant roots from the roots of the old plants and planting;
3) planting: ditching according to the line spacing of 33cm, the depth of 7-10cm, sowing 1 seed every 7-10cm, covering soil for 2-3cm, watering and moisturizing;
4) weeding and fertilizing: performing shallow hoeing, loosening the soil and weeding after seedlings are grown out completely in a seedling raising field, performing weeding 2-3 times before winter, and respectively applying different fertilizers when the seedlings are 6-10cm high and 30cm high, wherein the season is the frequent rainfall season in 7-9 months, and applying fertilizers in the disease-sensitive period to prevent jujube rust;
5) the fruit setting rate is improved: reasonably trimming or reforming tree shape in spring, and sawing off the part of the trunk more than 1m to grow a plurality of lateral branches to form a crown; or performing annular peeling, circularly cutting the trunk at a height of 10cm from the ground for 1 circle in the full-bloom stage to reach xylem, circularly cutting for 1 circle at an interval of 0.5-0.6cm, and peeling off the bark between two circles, wherein the wound is healed after about 20 days, and the healed surface of the wound is more than 70% after 1 month;
6) insect pest prevention: the insect pest has yellow Li moth, and 90% of 800 times liquid of dipterex or 500 times liquid of cochliobolus powder can be sprayed in the larval stage;
7) harvesting: for 9-10 months, picking when the fruit is red, and dropping with bamboo rod;
8) packaging and storing: the storage should be stored in a clean, cool, dry, ventilated and peculiar smell-free special warehouse, and is moisture regain-proof and moth-proof, the temperature is below 30 ℃, the relative humidity is 70-80%, and the safe water content of the commodity is 12-14%; the environment should be kept clean during storage, the storage is affected with damp, slight mildew and worm damage, the storage is aired or piled up for ventilation in time, and the conditioned place can be sealed, oxygen-pumped and nitrogen-filled for maintenance.
(III) advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the invention provides a cultivation method for the wild jujube to enter the high yield period in advance and improve the yield, which has the following beneficial effects:
1. the wild jujube cultivation method for advancing to the high yield period and improving the yield is characterized in that the selection of the planting field and the selection of the planting requirement of the land suitable for planting of the wild jujube are beneficial to the adaptation of seeds, the two planting selections can improve the yield and the high yield of the wild jujube, the planting field is weeded and topdressed at different heights to ensure the growth and the quality of the wild jujube, and branches after the growth are trimmed and reformed to improve the fruit setting rate of the wild jujube so as to achieve the best high yield quality.
2. According to the cultivation method for the wild jujube to enter the high yield period in advance and improve the yield, the pesticide liquid can be sprayed to the planting in the larval period through the pest prevention method to avoid damage of pests in the later period, the jujube rust can be effectively prevented from occurring by applying fertilizer in the disease-sensitive period, meanwhile, different pesticide spraying requirements are met for different diseases, and the quality of products can be guaranteed to the maximum extent.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
A cultivation method for advancing ziziphus jujuba into high yield period and improving yield comprises the following steps:
1) selecting a planting field: the cultivation is required to be carried out in the sand and stone soil on sunny and dry hills, valleys, plains and roadside;
2) planting and selecting: seed propagation and plant division propagation are carried out, and the plant division propagation comprises the following steps: before germination in spring and after leaf fall in autumn, splitting the new plant roots from the roots of the old plants and planting;
3) planting: ditching according to the line spacing of 33cm, the depth of 7-10cm, sowing 1 seed every 7-10cm, covering soil for 2-3cm, watering and moisturizing;
4) weeding and fertilizing: performing shallow hoeing, loosening the soil and weeding after seedlings are grown out completely in a seedling raising field, performing weeding 2-3 times before winter, and respectively applying different fertilizers when the seedlings are 6-10cm high and 30cm high, wherein the season is the frequent rainfall season in 7-9 months, and applying fertilizers in the disease-sensitive period to prevent jujube rust;
5) the fruit setting rate is improved: reasonably trimming or reforming tree shape in spring, and sawing off the part of the trunk more than 1m to grow a plurality of lateral branches to form a crown; or performing annular peeling, circularly cutting the trunk at a height of 10cm from the ground for 1 circle in the full-bloom stage to reach xylem, circularly cutting for 1 circle at an interval of 0.5-0.6cm, and peeling off the bark between two circles, wherein the wound is healed after about 20 days, and the healed surface of the wound is more than 70% after 1 month;
6) insect pest prevention: the insect pest has yellow Li moth, and 90% of 800 times liquid of dipterex or 500 times liquid of cochliobolus powder can be sprayed in the larval stage;
7) harvesting: for 9-10 months, picking when the fruit is red, and dropping with bamboo rod;
8) packaging and storing: the storage should be stored in a clean, cool, dry, ventilated and peculiar smell-free special warehouse, and is moisture regain-proof and moth-proof, the temperature is below 30 ℃, the relative humidity is 70-80%, and the safe water content of the commodity is 12-14%; the environment should be kept clean during storage, the storage is affected with damp, slight mildew and worm damage, the storage is aired or piled up for ventilation in time, and the conditioned place can be sealed, oxygen-pumped and nitrogen-filled for maintenance.
Spraying 5000-6000 times of 25% Jinlishi missible oil in 7-month rainfall period, and adding 4000 times of gentle water to pass through the mixed solution for 2-3 times.
And 8, spraying 5000-6000 times of 25% Jinlish missible oil and 4000 times of gentle water in the 9-month rainfall frequent period for 3 times.
Spraying 0.5% urea solution or 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution for 2-3 times in the affected period.
225kg of ammonium sulfate is applied to each 1hm of 2 when the height of the seedling is 6-10cm, and 180 kg of calcium superphosphate is applied to each 1hm of 2 when the height of the seedling is 30 cm.
The fruits can be sprayed with 0.03-0.05% ethephon solution to accelerate the dropping of the fruits, and the trees are shaken after 4 days to pick up the dropped fruits.
Spraying 20% Pingchining 2000 times fluid 1 time or spraying 0.3 degree lime-sulfur mixture 1 time every 1 month, which can effectively control the disease.
The fertilizers are mixed and processed by a stirrer for 5-10 minutes.
The seeds sowed in spring are subjected to sand storage treatment and then thawed.
The first embodiment is as follows:
1) selecting a planting field: the cultivation is required to be carried out in the sand and stone soil on sunny and dry hills, valleys, plains and roadside;
2) planting and selecting: and (3) plant division propagation: before germination in spring and after leaf fall in autumn, splitting the new plant roots from the roots of the old plants and planting;
3) planting: ditching according to the line spacing of 33cm, the depth of 7cm, sowing 1 seed every 7cm, covering soil for 2-3cm, watering and moisturizing;
4) weeding and fertilizing: performing shallow hoeing, loosening the soil and weeding after seedlings are grown out completely in a seedling raising field, performing weeding 2-3 times before winter, dressing 225kg of ammonium sulfate every 1hm2 when the seedlings are 6-10cm high, dressing 180 kg of calcium superphosphate when the seedlings are 30cm high, spraying 5000-6000 times of 25% Jinlish missible oil in a frequent rainfall season in 7-9 months, adding soft water and passing 4000 times of mixed liquid for 2-3 times, and applying fertilizer in an illness-sensitive period to prevent jujube rust;
5) the fruit setting rate is improved: reasonably trimming or reforming tree shape in spring, and sawing off the part of the trunk more than 1m to grow a plurality of lateral branches to form a crown; or performing annular peeling, circularly cutting the trunk at a height of 10cm from the ground for 1 circle in the full-bloom stage to reach xylem, circularly cutting for 1 circle at an interval of 0.5-0.6cm, and peeling off the bark between two circles, wherein the wound is healed after about 20 days, and the healed surface of the wound is more than 70% after 1 month;
6) insect pest prevention: the insect pest has yellow Li moth, and 90% of 800 times liquid of dipterex or 500 times liquid of cochliobolus powder can be sprayed in the larval stage;
7) harvesting: for 9-10 months, picking when the fruit is red, and dropping with bamboo rod;
8) packaging and storing: the storage should be stored in a clean, cool, dry, ventilated and peculiar smell-free special warehouse, and is moisture regain-proof and moth-proof, the temperature is below 30 ℃, the relative humidity is 70-80%, and the safe water content of the commodity is 12-14%; the environment should be kept clean during storage, the storage is affected with damp, slight mildew and worm damage, the storage is aired or piled up for ventilation in time, and the conditioned place can be sealed, oxygen-pumped and nitrogen-filled for maintenance.
Example two:
1) selecting a planting field: the cultivation is required to be carried out in the sand and stone soil on sunny and dry hills, valleys, plains and roadside;
2) planting and selecting: and (3) breeding by using seeds: the seed yield is 20-30%, the thousand seed weight is 1600 g, the germination rate is 60-70%, the seeds are sowed in winter or early spring, the seeds are soaked in warm water at 50 ℃ for 1-2 days before sowing, the row spacing of drill sowing is 30cm, and the porous end of the seeds faces upwards during sowing;
3) planting: ditching according to the line spacing of 33cm, the depth of 8cm, sowing 1 seed every 8cm, covering soil for 2-3cm, watering and moisturizing;
4) weeding and fertilizing: performing shallow hoeing, loosening the soil and weeding after seedlings are grown out completely in a seedling raising field, performing weeding 2-3 times before winter, respectively applying different fertilizers when the seedlings are 10cm high and 30cm high, and applying fertilizers in a disease-sensitive period to prevent jujube rust in a rainfall frequent season in 7-9 months;
5) the fruit setting rate is improved: reasonably trimming or reforming tree shape in spring, and sawing off the part of the trunk more than 1m to grow a plurality of lateral branches to form a crown; or performing annular peeling, circularly cutting the trunk at a height of 10cm from the ground for 1 circle in the full-bloom stage to reach xylem, circularly cutting for 1 circle at an interval of 0.5-0.6cm, and peeling off the bark between two circles, wherein the wound is healed after about 20 days, and the healed surface of the wound is more than 70% after 1 month;
6) insect pest prevention: the insect pest has yellow Li moth, and 90% of 800 times liquid of dipterex or 500 times liquid of cochliobolus powder can be sprayed in the larval stage;
7) harvesting: for 9-10 months, picking when the fruit is red, and dropping with bamboo rod;
8) packaging and storing: the storage should be stored in a clean, cool, dry, ventilated and peculiar smell-free special warehouse, and is moisture regain-proof and moth-proof, the temperature is below 30 ℃, the relative humidity is 70-80%, and the safe water content of the commodity is 12-14%; the environment should be kept clean during storage, the storage is affected with damp, slight mildew and worm damage, the storage is aired or piled up for ventilation in time, and the conditioned place can be sealed, oxygen-pumped and nitrogen-filled for maintenance.
Example three:
1) selecting a planting field: the cultivation is required to be carried out in the sand and stone soil on sunny and dry hills, valleys, plains and roadside;
2) planting and selecting: and (3) plant division propagation: before germination in spring and after leaf fall in autumn, splitting the new plant roots from the roots of the old plants and planting;
3) planting: ditching according to the line spacing of 33cm, the depth of 10cm, sowing 1 seed every 10cm, covering soil for 2-3cm, watering and moisturizing;
4) weeding and fertilizing: performing shallow hoeing, loosening the soil and weeding after seedlings grow out uniformly in a seedling raising field, performing weeding 3 times before winter, dressing 225kg of ammonium sulfate every 1hm2 when the seedlings are 8cm high and dressing 225kg of calcium superphosphate when the seedlings are 30cm high, spraying 5000-6000 times of 25% Jinlish missible oil in a rainfall frequent season in 7-9 months, introducing 4000 times of mixed solution for 3 times, and applying fertilizer in an illness-sensitive period to prevent jujube rust;
5) the fruit setting rate is improved: reasonably trimming or reforming tree shape in spring, and sawing off the part of the trunk more than 1m to grow a plurality of lateral branches to form a crown; or performing annular peeling, circularly cutting the trunk at a height of 10cm from the ground for 1 circle in the full-bloom stage to reach xylem, circularly cutting for 1 circle at an interval of 0.5-0.6cm, and peeling off the bark between two circles, wherein the wound is healed after about 20 days, and the healed surface of the wound is more than 70% after 1 month;
6) insect pest prevention: the insect pest has yellow Li moth, and 90% of 800 times liquid of dipterex or 500 times liquid of cochliobolus powder can be sprayed in the larval stage;
7) harvesting: spraying 0.03-0.05% ethephon solution for 9-10 months to drop fruits, shaking the tree after 4 days, and picking up the dropped fruits;
8) packaging and storing: the storage should be stored in a clean, cool, dry, ventilated and peculiar smell-free special warehouse, and is moisture regain-proof and moth-proof, the temperature is below 30 ℃, the relative humidity is 70-80%, and the safe water content of the commodity is 12-14%; the environment should be kept clean during storage, the storage is affected with damp, slight mildew and worm damage, the storage is aired or piled up for ventilation in time, and the conditioned place can be sealed, oxygen-pumped and nitrogen-filled for maintenance.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the wild jujube cultivation method for entering the high yield period and improving the yield in advance is characterized in that the land suitable for planting wild jujube is selected through the selection of a planting place and the planting requirement, and the adaptation of seeds is facilitated, the yield and the high yield of the wild jujube can be improved through the two planting selections, the growth and the quality of the wild jujube are guaranteed by weeding the planting place and topdressing at different heights, branches after growing are trimmed and reformed, the fruit setting rate of the wild jujube is improved, so that the best harvest quality is achieved, the planting can be sprayed with liquid medicine in the larval period through the insect pest prevention method, the damage of later-stage insect pests is avoided, the application of the fertilizer in the disease sensing period can effectively prevent the occurrence of jujube rust, meanwhile, different spraying requirements on different diseases are met, and the quality of products can be guaranteed to the maximum extent.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (9)

1. A cultivation method for advancing wild jujube into a high yield period and improving the yield is characterized by comprising the following steps:
1) selecting a planting field: the cultivation is required to be carried out in the sand and stone soil on sunny and dry hills, valleys, plains and roadside;
2) planting and selecting: seed propagation and plant division propagation are carried out, and the plant division propagation comprises the following steps: before germination in spring and after leaf fall in autumn, splitting the new plant roots from the roots of the old plants and planting;
3) planting: ditching according to the line spacing of 33cm, the depth of 7-10cm, sowing 1 seed every 7-10cm, covering soil for 2-3cm, watering and moisturizing;
4) weeding and fertilizing: performing shallow hoeing, loosening the soil and weeding after seedlings are grown out completely in a seedling raising field, performing weeding 2-3 times before winter, and respectively applying different fertilizers when the seedlings are 6-10cm high and 30cm high, wherein the season is the frequent rainfall season in 7-9 months, and applying fertilizers in the disease-sensitive period to prevent jujube rust;
5) the fruit setting rate is improved: reasonably trimming or reforming tree shape in spring, and sawing off the part of the trunk more than 1m to grow a plurality of lateral branches to form a crown;
or performing annular peeling, circularly cutting the trunk at a height of 10cm from the ground for 1 circle in the full-bloom stage to reach xylem, circularly cutting for 1 circle at an interval of 0.5-0.6cm, and peeling off the bark between two circles, wherein the wound is healed after about 20 days, and the healed surface of the wound is more than 70% after 1 month;
6) insect pest prevention: the insect pest has yellow Li moth, and 90% of 800 times liquid of dipterex or 500 times liquid of cochliobolus powder can be sprayed in the larval stage;
7) harvesting: for 9-10 months, picking when the fruit is red, and dropping with bamboo rod;
8) packaging and storing: the storage should be stored in a clean, cool, dry, ventilated and peculiar smell-free special warehouse, and is moisture regain-proof and moth-proof, the temperature is below 30 ℃, the relative humidity is 70-80%, and the safe water content of the commodity is 12-14%; the environment should be kept clean during storage, the storage is affected with damp, slight mildew and worm damage, the storage is aired or piled up for ventilation in time, and the conditioned place can be sealed, oxygen-pumped and nitrogen-filled for maintenance.
2. The cultivation method for advancing ziziphus jujuba to high yield period and improving yield according to claim 1, wherein 5000-6000 times of Jinlishi missible oil with 25% is sprayed in 7-month rainfall period, and 4000 times of soft water is added for 2-3 times.
3. The cultivation method for advancing ziziphus jujuba to high yield period and improving yield according to claim 1, wherein 25% Jinlishi missible oil 5000-6000 times of the rainfall frequency period of 8, 9 months is sprayed for 3 times with mixed solution 4000 times of gentle water.
4. The cultivation method of the wild jujube in the high yield period in advance and the yield of the wild jujube according to claim 1, wherein the urea solution with a concentration of 0.5% or the potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution with a concentration of 0.3% is sprayed for 2-3 times in the disease-sensitive period.
5. The cultivation method of claim 1, wherein 225kg of ammonium sulfate is applied every 1hm2 when the seedlings are 6-10cm high, and 180 kg of calcium superphosphate is applied every 1hm2 when the seedlings are 30cm high.
6. The cultivation method for advancing ziziphus jujuba into high yield period and increasing yield according to claim 1, wherein the harvesting can spray 0.03% -0.05% ethephon solution to promote dropping of the fruit, and the tree is shaken after 4 days to pick up the dropped fruit.
7. The cultivation method of the wild jujube for advancing to the high yield stage and improving the yield as claimed in claim 1, wherein the insect damage prevention is started to spray 20% Pingchining 2000 times fluid 1 time in the 7 th month and the middle ten days, or spray 0.3 degree Baume lime sulfur 1 time after 1 month, which can effectively control the occurrence of the disease.
8. The cultivation method of zizyphus jujubes with the advantages of high yield and high yield as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fertilizers are mixed and processed by a mixer for 5-10 min.
9. The cultivation method for advancing ziziphus jujuba to high yield and improving yield as claimed in claim 1, wherein the spring sowing seeds are subjected to sand storage treatment and then thawed.
CN202010926740.3A 2020-09-07 2020-09-07 Cultivation method for enabling wild jujubes to enter high-yield period in advance and improving yield Pending CN111990148A (en)

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Application publication date: 20201127