CN103947501A - High-yield afforestation planting method of high-quality milk jujube - Google Patents

High-yield afforestation planting method of high-quality milk jujube Download PDF

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CN103947501A
CN103947501A CN201410209005.5A CN201410209005A CN103947501A CN 103947501 A CN103947501 A CN 103947501A CN 201410209005 A CN201410209005 A CN 201410209005A CN 103947501 A CN103947501 A CN 103947501A
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jujube
tree
planting
pruning
fertilizer
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CN103947501B (en
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徐华龙
岑永红
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/40Afforestation or reforestation

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-yield afforestation planting method of high-quality milk jujube, belonging to the technical field of plant cultivation. The method comprises the following steps: (1) obtaining nursery stock; (2) exercising seedling; (3) selecting cultivated fields; (4) reclaiming the cultivated fields; (5) transplanting; (6) carrying out young forest intercropping; (7) carrying out clay fertilization and water management; (8) pruning; (9) increasing the set of fruit; (10) comprehensively preventing and curing plant diseases and insect pests. The method has the advantages that the afforestation cost can be reduced, the survival rate can be obviously improved, the standing forest is regular, the scientific operating management can be conveniently carried out, the fructescence can be shortened, the quality and the yield of the milk dates can be improved, the happening of various plant diseases and insect pests can be greatly restrained, the popular jujube witches broom can be effectively controlled particularly, the occurrence rate of the standing forest jujube witches broom can be greatly reduced, and the shrinking conventional industry can be rescued.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of high-quality milk jujube high yield afforestation
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of plant growing technology, relate in particular to a kind of implantation methods of high-quality milk jujube high yield afforestation.
Background technology
Milk jujube plantation from ancient times and candied date processing are with a long history, and milk jujube have the laudatory title of " golden amber " in conjunction with traditional handicraft production candied date.Candied date pure taste, helvolus transparent, see core, color and luster is mellow and full soft, core little and in core without benevolence, meat is many and quality loose, sugariness is moderate, oiliness not rough, mouthfeel is excellent, has effect of preventing phlegm from forming and stopping coughing, and contains abundant trace element, supply falls short of demand in market.
But in recent years, the cultivation shortage scientific management technology to milk jujube tree wood due to plantation family or peasant family, add the infringement that is subject to various damage by disease and insect, comparatively prevailing with jujube witches broom, cause jujube woods stand quality and fresh jujube quality to decline gradually, development scale is obstructed, atrophy, and milk jujube and candied date face destruction.
Summary of the invention
For the problem of above-mentioned existence, for this reason, by testing for many years, introduce wild jujube cultivating seeds anvil seedling grafting or the grafting of this anvil, nursery stock to milk jujube and trees carry out system and downgrade Getting Bumper Crops By Close Planting cultivation, not only make fresh milk jujube output greatly improve, and have greatly suppressed the generation of various damage by disease and insect, especially jujube witches broom prevailing has been obtained to effective control, saved the day by day conventional industries of atrophy.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
An implantation methods for high-quality milk jujube high yield afforestation, is characterized in that, the method comprises the following steps:
(1) nursery stock obtains: adopt the required kind nursery stock of wild jujube cultivating seeds anvil seedling grafting, nursery stock is cultivated in seedbed, for subsequent use;
(2) hardening: before plantation nursery stock, wait that the nursery stock height of seedling of cultivating in seedbed reaches 4~6cm, while having at least three roots, is placed in open-air atmosphere hardening 3~4 days;
(3) planting site is selected: choose loosing soil, layer depth is thick, rich water is sufficient, landform is open, nonirrigated farmland, slope or the farmland of tailo;
(4) the whole work of planting site: choose after planting site, remove its earth's surface foreign material, build irrigation canal and adopt excavator to dig the degree of depth 35~50cm, execute appropriate farmyard manure and composite fertilizer, and mix ground grading with digging soil; Planting point (afforestation row) digs the dark 35cm planting furrow of wide 1m × 1m;
(5) transplant: select spring and autumn to transplant, plant row to being North and South direction, seeding row spacing 3~4m × 4~5m, every mu of 45~55 strains, before planting nursery stock root with ABT3 root-inducing powder 50PPm with become mud to dip in root, before planting, backfill table soil is rebasing, in planting furrow, the base fertilizer farmyard manure 25~50kg becoming thoroughly decomposed is executed in every strain, broadcast evenly, banket layer by layer, the steady and sure normal root water that also waters;
(6) young growth intercropping: can plant jujube grain of short stem intercropping, line-spacing 6~12m, spacing in the rows 3~5m jujube tree young growth;
(7) clay fertilizer water management: next year from planting, during annual 2~March, after thawing, ploughs deeply within the scope of 2~2.5m around jujube tree in soil, improve soil aeration situation; Annual 3~4 times of intertill and clean tillage; Before autumn Mo is freeze-up and before germinateing spring, impose base manure: nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, florescence and growth of young phase impose urea; Irrigate in time in flowering fruit bearing stage, setting phase, the phase phase of bearing fruit, timely draining is wanted in rainy season, low-lying jujube garden;
(8) pruning: be divided into treelet pruning, bearing-age tree pruning, set pruning and old and feeble tree rejuvenating greatly;
(9) flower and fruit protecting: comprise the environmental condition control of nutritional condition control, Pollination Fertilization and the setting of blooming;
(10) integrated pest prevention and control: the jujube tree main diseases insect pests such as tetranychid, jujube step song, jujube fruit borer, peach fruit borer, jujube fly, jujube witches broom, jujube rust are carried out to integrated control.
Further, in described step (3) " selection of planting site ", being greater than 15 ° of hillside fields in the gradient will be made into terraced fields along horizontal line, and terrace width is not less than 1.5m.
Further, in described step (4) " the whole work of planting site ", execute the mixed farmyard manure 1~1.5t of chicken manure, barnyard manure and night soil for every mu, and in conjunction with every mu of 50~60kg composite fertilizer.
Further, in described step (5) " transplanting ", the depth of planting of nursery stock prints dark 2~3cm than nursery stock leading thread original soil, and planting pit cave face is a little more than ground.
Further, in described step (7) " clay fertilizer water management ", every strain nitrogen, phosphate fertilizer are all executed 1.5~1.8kg, and potash fertilizer 0.5~0.8kg mixing ditch spread applies fertilizer at the annular groove that digs 40 × 40cm apart from trunk 1~1.5m place when fertilising; Florescence and growth of young phase impose urea 0.5~1kg.
Further, in described step (8) " shaping and pruning " " treelet pruning " have nature spindle and evacuate layering shape, natural spindle is applicable to plant 3m × 4m configuration, evacuates layering shape and is applicable to plant 4m × 6m and configures; Described " bearing-age tree pruning " refers to for becoming annual bearing jujube tree to carry out branch pruning, concentrates nutrition, prunes tree structure, expands ventilated space; Described " setting greatly pruning " mainly refers to because of tree-pruning, does shape with tree, and dredging light path, increases result area; Described " old and feeble tree rejuvenating " refers to aging tree relaxed and cuts cutting back, promotes that jujube tree grows again.
Further, in described step (9) " flower and fruit protecting ", nutritional condition control refers to and sprays plant hormone: gibberellin 15 ppm, naphthyl acid 20 ppm, the boron fertilizer of trace element spray 1/3000 concentration, 300~500 vitamin c and 2,4~d mixed liquor; Described " Pollination Fertilization " refers to that jujube tree woods puts honeybee, increases pollination medium; Described " the environmental condition control of the setting of blooming " refers to that florescence water spray improves air humidity, and florescence air humidity is not less than 60~70%.
Further, described step (10) " integrated control of damage by disease and insect " comprises extermination of disease and insect pest the first tenday period of a month in late April~May jujube tree budding period, control mid-May~early June at florescence, fruit expanding stage control mid-June~mid-July, white ripe control late July~early August phase of jujube fruit and winter control February November~next year; Insect pest is with 1-3 ten thousand times of liquid of 2.5% bromine permethrin and 10,000 times of 2.5% bromine permethrins and add 40% flolimat to be made into 1500 times of mixing to spray respectively; Disease adopts 200 times of amount formula bordeaux mixture and 800 times of liquid of 75% tpn to divide respectively 2~3 injections.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: by testing for many years, introduce wild jujube cultivating seeds anvil seedling grafting or the grafting of this anvil, cost of forestation reduces, survival rate significantly improves, standing forest is neat, be convenient to scientific management, fructescence shortens, not only milk jujube mass rate of production is improved, 5~7 annual bearing woodss, produce fresh jujube 11250kg/hm2, within 8 years, produce above fresh jujube 18000kg/hm2, between biennial bearing, luffing is less than 20%, and greatly suppress the generation of various damage by disease and insect, especially jujube witches broom prevailing has been obtained to effective control, standing forest jujube witches broom incidence reduces greatly, the day by day conventional industries of atrophy are saved.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, technical scheme of the present invention is further described.
embodiment mono-:
(1) nursery stock obtains: adopt the required kind of wild jujube cultivating seeds anvil seedling grafting or the grafting of this anvil to obtain nursery stock, nursery stock is cultivated in seedbed, and the nursery stock after grafting needs sleeving plastic bag to keep humidity, for subsequent use, (2) hardening: before plantation nursery stock, wait that the nursery stock height of seedling of cultivating in seedbed reaches 4cm, while having at least three roots, be placed in open-air atmosphere hardening 3 days, strengthen the resistance of nursery stock, (3) planting site is selected: choose loosing soil, layer depth is thick, rich water is sufficient, landform is open, nonirrigated farmland, slope or the farmland of tailo, being greater than 15 ° of hillside fields in the gradient will be made into terraced fields along horizontal line, and terrace width is not less than 1.5m, (4) the whole work of planting site: choose after planting site, remove its earth's surface foreign material, main tree stump, the stone removed, build irrigation canal and adopt excavator to dig degree of depth 40cm, execute the mixed farmyard manure 1t of chicken manure, barnyard manure and night soil for every mu, and in conjunction with Mei Mu 50kg composite fertilizer, and mix ground grading with digging soil, planting point (afforestation row) digs the dark 35cm planting furrow of wide 1m × 1m, (5) transplant: select spring and autumn to transplant, plant row to being North and South direction, seeding row spacing 3 × 4m, every mu of 45 strains, before planting nursery stock root with ABT3 root-inducing powder 50PPm with become mud to dip in root, the depth of planting is mutually neat with collar, limit backfill limit having peace of mind, righting nursery stock, while planting, nursery stock root dips in phosphate fertilizer mud, be conducive to survive, before planting, backfill table soil is rebasing, in planting furrow, the base fertilizer farmyard manure 35kg becoming thoroughly decomposed is executed in every strain, broadcast even, banket layer by layer, having peace of mind is also watered normal root water, the depth of planting of nursery stock prints dark 2cm than nursery stock leading thread original soil, planting pit cave face is a little more than ground, (6) young growth intercropping: can plant jujube grain of short stem intercropping jujube tree young growth, line-spacing 8m, spacing in the rows 3m, plants crops of short stem, (7) clay fertilizer water management: next year from planting, at the beginning of annual 2 months, after thawing, ploughs deeply within the scope of 2m around jujube tree in soil, improve soil aeration situation, the spring turns over easily shallow, and the autumn turns over should be dark, annual 3 times of intertill and clean tillage, before autumn Mo is freeze-up and before germinateing spring, impose base manure: every strain nitrogen, phosphate fertilizer are all executed 1.5kg, and potash fertilizer 0.5kg mixing ditch spread applies fertilizer at the annular groove that digs 40 × 40cm apart from trunk 1m place when fertilising, and florescence and growth of young phase impose urea 0.5kg, irrigate in time in flowering fruit bearing stage, setting phase, the phase phase of bearing fruit, timely draining is wanted in rainy season, low-lying jujube garden, (8) pruning: nature spindle is chosen in treelet pruning, and be divided into triennial treelet pruning, natural spindle is applicable to plant 3m × 4m configuration, height of tree 3m, dry high 40cm, crown diameter is no more than 3m, and 8~10, major branch is evenly arranged on trunk, not overlapping, not stratified, the long 1m of major branch, planting site soil fertility can be done well surely, and general heading height is 60cm, then will do all Secondary Branchs and cut off, it is to carry out in winter or early spring that Second Year is pruned, and selected three are 120 ° of directions and cultivate as major branch, if three major branch growths are unbalanced,, to the eugonic cutting back that carries out, control its amount of growth, within the 3rd year, pruning is to cultivate second layer growth major branch adjusting after ground floor growth major branch, adjusts each layer of major branch position and spacing, bud picking in vegetative period, pinching, mainly improve nutrient fruit offerings growth, and short spending urged fruit, the less inclined to one side hat of major branch growth angle manually draws, smears branch when overlapping, bearing-age tree pruning, set pruning and old and feeble tree rejuvenating greatly, described " bearing-age tree pruning " refers to for becoming annual bearing jujube tree to carry out branch pruning, concentrates nutrition, prunes tree structure, expands ventilated space, described " setting greatly pruning " mainly refers to because of tree-pruning, does shape with tree, and dredging light path, increases result area, described " old and feeble tree rejuvenating " refers to aging tree relaxed and cuts cutting back, promotes that jujube tree grows again, (9) flower and fruit protecting: comprise the environmental condition control of nutritional condition control, Pollination Fertilization and the setting of blooming, nutritional condition control refers to and sprays plant hormone: gibberellin 15 ppm, naphthyl acid 20 ppm, the boron fertilizer of trace element spray 1/3000 concentration, 300~500 vitamin c and 2,4~d mixed liquor, described " Pollination Fertilization " refers to that jujube tree woods puts honeybee, increases pollination medium, described " the environmental condition control of the setting of blooming " refers to that florescence water spray improves air humidity, and florescence air humidity is not less than 60~70%, (10) integrated pest prevention and control: the jujube tree main diseases insect pests such as tetranychid, jujube step song, jujube fruit borer, peach fruit borer, jujube fly, jujube witches broom, jujube rust are carried out to integrated control, comprise extermination of disease and insect pest the first tenday period of a month in late April~May jujube tree budding period, control mid-May~early June at florescence, fruit expanding stage control mid-June~mid-July, white ripe control late July~early August phase of jujube fruit and winter control February November~next year, insect pest is with 1-3 ten thousand times of liquid of 2.5% bromine permethrin and 10,000 times of 2.5% bromine permethrins and add 40% flolimat to be made into 1500 times of mixing to spray respectively, disease adopts 200 times of amount formula bordeaux mixture and 800 times of liquid of 75% tpn to divide respectively 2~3 injections.
embodiment bis-:(1) nursery stock obtains: adopt the required kind of wild jujube cultivating seeds anvil seedling grafting or the grafting of this anvil to obtain nursery stock, nursery stock is cultivated in seedbed, and the nursery stock after grafting needs sleeving plastic bag to keep humidity, for subsequent use, (2) hardening: before plantation nursery stock, wait that the nursery stock height of seedling of cultivating in seedbed reaches 6cm, while having at least three roots, be placed in open-air atmosphere hardening 4 days, strengthen the resistance of nursery stock, (3) planting site is selected: choose loosing soil, layer depth is thick, rich water is sufficient, landform is open, nonirrigated farmland, slope or the farmland of tailo, being greater than 15 ° of hillside fields in the gradient will be made into terraced fields along horizontal line, and terrace width is not less than 1.5m, (4) the whole work of planting site: choose after planting site, remove its earth's surface foreign material, main tree stump, the stone removed, build irrigation canal and adopt excavator to dig degree of depth 50cm, execute the mixed farmyard manure 1.5t of chicken manure, barnyard manure and night soil for every mu, and in conjunction with Mei Mu 60kg composite fertilizer, and mix ground grading with digging soil, planting point (afforestation row) digs the dark 35cm planting furrow of wide 1m × 1m, (5) transplant: select spring and autumn to transplant, plant row to being North and South direction, seeding row spacing 4m × 5m, every mu of 50 strains, before planting nursery stock root with ABT3 root-inducing powder 50PPm with become mud to dip in root, the depth of planting is mutually neat with collar, limit backfill limit having peace of mind, righting nursery stock, while planting, nursery stock root dips in phosphate fertilizer mud, be conducive to survive, before planting, backfill table soil is rebasing, in planting furrow, the base fertilizer farmyard manure 45kg becoming thoroughly decomposed is executed in every strain, broadcast even, banket layer by layer, having peace of mind is also watered normal root water, the depth of planting of nursery stock prints dark 3cm than nursery stock leading thread original soil, planting pit cave face is a little more than ground, (6) young growth intercropping: can plant jujube grain of short stem intercropping, line-spacing 10m, spacing in the rows 4m jujube tree young growth, (7) clay fertilizer water management: next year from planting, plough deeply annual 2 the end of month after soil thaws within the scope of 2.5m around jujube tree, improves soil aeration situation, and the spring turns over easily shallow, the autumn turns over should be dark, annual 4 times of intertill and clean tillage, before autumn Mo is freeze-up and before germinateing spring, impose base manure: every strain nitrogen, phosphate fertilizer are all executed 1.8kg, and potash fertilizer 0.8kg mixing ditch spread applies fertilizer at the annular groove that digs 40 × 40cm apart from trunk 1.5m place when fertilising, and florescence and growth of young phase impose urea 1kg, irrigate in time in flowering fruit bearing stage, setting phase, the phase phase of bearing fruit, timely draining is wanted in rainy season, low-lying jujube garden, (8) pruning: treelet pruning is chosen and evacuated layering shape, and is divided into triennial treelet pruning, evacuates layering shape and is applicable to plant 4m × 6m configuration, height of tree 4m, dry high 45cm, crown diameter is no more than 4m, 7~9 major branches of full tree, points three layers raw in central backbone, 3 major branches of ground floor, the second layer, the 3rd layer of each 2~3 major branch, with the first transaction of a day's business angle of 50~60 °, stretch 1~2 interlamellar spacing 1~1.2m, 2~3 interlamellar spacing 0.8~1m to surrounding well-balancedly, planting site soil fertility can be done well surely, and general heading height is 80cm, then will do all Secondary Branchs and cut off, it is to carry out in winter or early spring that Second Year is pruned, and selected three are 120 ° of directions and cultivate as major branch, if three major branch growths are unbalanced,, to the eugonic cutting back that carries out, control its amount of growth, within the 3rd year, prune is after ground floor growth major branch, to cultivate second layer growth major branch adjusting, bud picking in vegetative period, pinching, mainly improve nutrient fruit offerings growth, and short spending urged fruit, the less inclined to one side hat of major branch growth angle manually draws, smears branch when overlapping, bearing-age tree pruning, set pruning and old and feeble tree rejuvenating greatly, described " bearing-age tree pruning " refers to for becoming annual bearing jujube tree to carry out branch pruning, concentrates nutrition, prunes tree structure, expands ventilated space, described " setting greatly pruning " mainly refers to because of tree-pruning, does shape with tree, and dredging light path, increases result area, described " old and feeble tree rejuvenating " refers to aging tree relaxed and cuts cutting back, promotes that jujube tree grows again, (9) flower and fruit protecting: comprise the environmental condition control of nutritional condition control, Pollination Fertilization and the setting of blooming, nutritional condition control refers to and sprays plant hormone: gibberellin 15 ppm, naphthyl acid 20 ppm, the boron fertilizer of trace element spray 1/3000 concentration, 300~500 vitamin c and 2,4~d mixed liquor, described " Pollination Fertilization " refers to that jujube tree woods puts honeybee, increases pollination medium, described " the environmental condition control of the setting of blooming " refers to that florescence water spray improves air humidity, and florescence air humidity is not less than 60~70%, (10) integrated pest prevention and control: the jujube tree main diseases insect pests such as tetranychid, jujube step song, jujube fruit borer, peach fruit borer, jujube fly, jujube witches broom, jujube rust are carried out to integrated control, comprise extermination of disease and insect pest the first tenday period of a month in late April~May jujube tree budding period, control mid-May~early June at florescence, fruit expanding stage control mid-June~mid-July, white ripe control late July~early August phase of jujube fruit and winter control February November~next year, insect pest is with 1-3 ten thousand times of liquid of 2.5% bromine permethrin and 10,000 times of 2.5% bromine permethrins and add 40% flolimat to be made into 1500 times of mixing to spray respectively, disease adopts 200 times of amount formula bordeaux mixture and 800 times of liquid of 75% tpn to divide respectively 2~3 injections.
The foregoing is only two preferred versions of the present invention; those of ordinary skill in the art is to be appreciated that; the above is not as limitation of the invention further, every various equivalent improvement all within protection scope of the present invention of utilizing description of the present invention to do.

Claims (8)

1. an implantation methods for high-quality milk jujube high yield afforestation, is characterized in that, the method comprises the following steps:
(1) nursery stock obtains: adopt the required kind nursery stock of wild jujube cultivating seeds anvil seedling grafting, nursery stock is cultivated in seedbed, for subsequent use;
(2) hardening: before plantation nursery stock, wait that the nursery stock height of seedling of cultivating in seedbed reaches 4~6cm, while having at least three roots, is placed in open-air atmosphere hardening 3~4 days;
(3) planting site is selected: choose loosing soil, layer depth is thick, rich water is sufficient, landform is open, nonirrigated farmland, slope or the farmland of tailo;
(4) the whole work of planting site: choose after planting site, remove its earth's surface foreign material, build irrigation canal and adopt excavator to dig the degree of depth 35~50cm, execute appropriate farmyard manure and composite fertilizer, and mix ground grading with digging soil; Planting point (afforestation row) digs the dark 35cm planting furrow of wide 1m × 1m;
(5) transplant: select spring and autumn to transplant, plant row to being North and South direction, seeding row spacing 3~4m × 4~5m, every mu of 45~55 strains, before planting nursery stock root with ABT3 root-inducing powder 50PPm with become mud to dip in root, before planting, backfill table soil is rebasing, in planting furrow, the base fertilizer farmyard manure 25~50kg becoming thoroughly decomposed is executed in every strain, broadcast evenly, banket layer by layer, the steady and sure normal root water that also waters;
(6) young growth intercropping: can plant jujube grain of short stem intercropping, line-spacing 6~12m, spacing in the rows 3~5m jujube tree young growth;
(7) clay fertilizer water management: next year from planting, during annual 2~March, after thawing, ploughs deeply within the scope of 2~2.5m around jujube tree in soil, improve soil aeration situation; Annual 3~4 times of intertill and clean tillage; Before autumn Mo is freeze-up and before germinateing spring, impose base manure: nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, florescence and growth of young phase impose urea; Irrigate in time in flowering fruit bearing stage, setting phase, the phase phase of bearing fruit, timely draining is wanted in rainy season, low-lying jujube garden;
(8) pruning: be divided into treelet pruning, bearing-age tree pruning, set pruning and old and feeble tree rejuvenating greatly;
(9) flower and fruit protecting: comprise the environmental condition control of nutritional condition control, Pollination Fertilization and the setting of blooming;
(10) integrated pest prevention and control: the jujube tree main diseases insect pests such as tetranychid, jujube step song, jujube fruit borer, peach fruit borer, jujube fly, jujube witches broom, jujube rust are carried out to integrated control.
2. the implantation methods of high-quality milk jujube high yield afforestation according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described step (3) " planting site ", being greater than 15 ° of hillside fields in the gradient will be made into terraced fields along horizontal line, and terrace width is not less than 1.5m.
3. the implantation methods of high-quality milk jujube high yield afforestation according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described step (4) " the whole work of planting site ", execute the mixed farmyard manure 1~1.5t of chicken manure, barnyard manure and night soil for every mu, and in conjunction with every mu of 50~60kg composite fertilizer.
4. the implantation methods of high-quality milk jujube high yield afforestation according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described step (5) " transplanting ", the depth of planting of nursery stock prints dark 2~3cm than nursery stock leading thread original soil, and planting pit cave face is a little more than ground.
5. the implantation methods of high-quality milk jujube high yield afforestation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described step (7) " clay fertilizer water management ", every strain nitrogen, phosphate fertilizer are all executed 1.5~1.8kg, potash fertilizer 0.5~0.8kg mixing ditch spread, applies fertilizer at the annular groove that digs 40 × 40cm apart from trunk 1~1.5m place when fertilising; Florescence and growth of young phase impose urea 0.5~1kg.
6. the implantation methods of high-quality milk jujube high yield afforestation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described step (8) " pruning " " treelet pruning " have nature spindle and evacuate layering shape, nature spindle is applicable to plant 3m × 4m configuration, evacuates layering shape and is applicable to plant 4m × 6m configuration; Described " bearing-age tree pruning " refers to for becoming annual bearing jujube tree to carry out branch pruning, concentrates nutrition, prunes tree structure, expands ventilated space; Described " setting greatly pruning " mainly refers to because of tree-pruning, does shape with tree, and dredging light path, increases result area; Described " old and feeble tree rejuvenating " refers to aging tree relaxed and cuts cutting back, promotes that jujube tree grows again.
7. the implantation methods of high-quality milk jujube high yield afforestation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described step (9) " flower and fruit protecting ", nutritional condition control refers to and sprays plant hormone: gibberellin 15 ppm, naphthyl acid 20 ppm, the boron fertilizer of trace element spray 1/3000 concentration, 300~500 vitamin c and 2,4~d mixed liquor; Described " Pollination Fertilization " refers to that jujube tree woods puts honeybee, increases pollination medium; Described " the environmental condition control of the setting of blooming " refers to that florescence water spray improves air humidity, and florescence air humidity is not less than 60~70%.
8. the implantation methods of high-quality milk jujube high yield afforestation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described step (10) " integrated control of damage by disease and insect " comprises extermination of disease and insect pest the first tenday period of a month in late April~May jujube tree budding period, control mid-May~early June at florescence, fruit expanding stage control mid-June~mid-July, white ripe control late July~early August phase of jujube fruit and winter control February November~next year; Insect pest is with 1-3 ten thousand times of liquid of 2.5% bromine permethrin and 10,000 times of 2.5% bromine permethrins and add 40% flolimat to be made into 1500 times of mixing to spray respectively; Disease adopts 200 times of amount formula bordeaux mixture and 800 times of liquid of 75% tpn to divide respectively 2~3 injections.
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CN104620811A (en) * 2015-01-23 2015-05-20 交城县青木农林科技有限公司 Method for cultivating landscaping white bark pines in mountainous area of semi-arid region
CN105850625A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-08-17 新疆林科院造林治沙研究所 Method for planting red dates by wide-row and narrow-row furrowing in gravel Gobi with extremely arid environment
CN105875341A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-08-24 郎溪县侯村蜜枣场 Planting method for interplanting among milk dates
CN107027585A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-08-11 四川省林业科学研究院 Walnut builds native method of forestation
CN107182663A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-09-22 王立存 A kind of cultural method of jujube high yield
CN107318574A (en) * 2017-08-15 2017-11-07 平南县德湖种养农民专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of the blue or green jujube of selenium-rich
CN107509591A (en) * 2017-10-13 2017-12-26 太湖县香茗山生态果品科技园有限公司 High yield jujube tree Cultivation With Dwarf Varieties And Close Spacing method
CN107771605A (en) * 2017-11-18 2018-03-09 渠县金穗农业科技有限公司 A kind of Chinese date tree planting method
CN111990148A (en) * 2020-09-07 2020-11-27 沧州市农林科学院 Cultivation method for enabling wild jujubes to enter high-yield period in advance and improving yield

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CN103563705A (en) * 2013-10-24 2014-02-12 田金虎 Planting method of jujube tree
CN103583243A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-19 郎溪县侯村蜜枣场 Cultivation method of milk jujube grafted seedlings
CN103583299A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-19 郎溪县侯村蜜枣场 Dwarfing close-planting high-yield cultivation method of milk jujubes
CN103650836A (en) * 2013-10-16 2014-03-26 江西齐云山食品有限公司 High-position grafting method of choerospondias axillaries tree
CN103766185A (en) * 2012-10-17 2014-05-07 吴燕 Cultivation method for improving jujube tree yield

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CN103766185A (en) * 2012-10-17 2014-05-07 吴燕 Cultivation method for improving jujube tree yield
CN103650836A (en) * 2013-10-16 2014-03-26 江西齐云山食品有限公司 High-position grafting method of choerospondias axillaries tree
CN103563705A (en) * 2013-10-24 2014-02-12 田金虎 Planting method of jujube tree
CN103583243A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-19 郎溪县侯村蜜枣场 Cultivation method of milk jujube grafted seedlings
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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104620811A (en) * 2015-01-23 2015-05-20 交城县青木农林科技有限公司 Method for cultivating landscaping white bark pines in mountainous area of semi-arid region
CN104620811B (en) * 2015-01-23 2017-05-10 交城县青木农林科技有限公司 Method for cultivating landscaping white bark pines in mountainous area of semi-arid region
CN105850625A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-08-17 新疆林科院造林治沙研究所 Method for planting red dates by wide-row and narrow-row furrowing in gravel Gobi with extremely arid environment
CN105875341A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-08-24 郎溪县侯村蜜枣场 Planting method for interplanting among milk dates
CN107182663A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-09-22 王立存 A kind of cultural method of jujube high yield
CN107027585A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-08-11 四川省林业科学研究院 Walnut builds native method of forestation
CN107318574A (en) * 2017-08-15 2017-11-07 平南县德湖种养农民专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of the blue or green jujube of selenium-rich
CN107509591A (en) * 2017-10-13 2017-12-26 太湖县香茗山生态果品科技园有限公司 High yield jujube tree Cultivation With Dwarf Varieties And Close Spacing method
CN107771605A (en) * 2017-11-18 2018-03-09 渠县金穗农业科技有限公司 A kind of Chinese date tree planting method
CN111990148A (en) * 2020-09-07 2020-11-27 沧州市农林科学院 Cultivation method for enabling wild jujubes to enter high-yield period in advance and improving yield

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