CN107549126A - Method for breeding black soldier fly larvae by using kitchen residual food base material - Google Patents

Method for breeding black soldier fly larvae by using kitchen residual food base material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107549126A
CN107549126A CN201711024475.4A CN201711024475A CN107549126A CN 107549126 A CN107549126 A CN 107549126A CN 201711024475 A CN201711024475 A CN 201711024475A CN 107549126 A CN107549126 A CN 107549126A
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China
Prior art keywords
black soldier
soldier flies
kitchen
days
base
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CN201711024475.4A
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Inventor
金彧如
梅宁安
王建军
张涛
张娜
曹茹茗
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Ningxia Woerzi Feichang Research Institute
Ningxia Worldking Technology Industry Development Co ltd
Yinchuan Baolvte Biotechnology Co ltd
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Ningxia Woerzi Feichang Research Institute
Ningxia Worldking Technology Industry Development Co ltd
Yinchuan Baolvte Biotechnology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201711024475.4A priority Critical patent/CN107549126A/en
Publication of CN107549126A publication Critical patent/CN107549126A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

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Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of garbage treatment, and relates to a method for breeding black soldier fly larvae by utilizing kitchen residual food base materials. The method comprises (1) hatching the eggs: putting the hermetia illucens eggs into a hatching pond with feed for hatching; the feed is a mixture of corn flour, bean pulp and bran according to the mass ratio of (2-4), (1.5-2.5) and (4-6), the water content is 60-80%, the conditions are 26-32 ℃, the humidity is 60-70%, and 2-4 days; (2) larva breeding: adding kitchen rest food base material with thickness of at least 5 cm into the breeding pool, breeding the hatched hermetia illucens eggs to 4 days old, and culturing at a ratio of 5g/m2~6g/m2Placing the black soldier fly larvae in a culture pond for culture, and spraying 0.5-5% of lactic acid bacteria liquid every day to obtain black soldier fly larvae; the conditions are 25-30 ℃, the humidity is 50-60%, and the time is 8-10 days. The method effectively utilizes resources, and the bred hermetia illucens have the advantages of less pest and disease damage, high larva growth speed, simple process, low cost and good economic benefit.

Description

A kind of method that black soldier flies larva is cultivated using kitchen leftover base-material
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of waste treatment, is related to one kind using kitchen leftover base-material cultivation black soldier flies larva Method.
Background technology
Black soldier flies are a kind of S Stratiomyidae insects, by feeding house refuse, can produce the animal of high value Protein feed, it is a kind of comprehensive high-quality protein resource of nutritional ingredient;Rich in the amino acid and trace element needed for many animals, It is easy to animal digestion and absorption, and the speed of growth of institute's nutrition purposes, especially for feeding animals can be obviously promoted;Aquaculture cost is low, is applicable multiple fields, With good Development volue.Kitchen leftover has turned into the pith of dregs of society, and at domestic waste The difficult point of reason, handled frequently with landfill and the mode burned, cause to handle it is incomplete, less economical, endanger Environmental security Occur etc. situation.Therefore, black soldier flies larva is cultivated, kitchen garbage is able to effectively as base-material using kitchen leftover Utilize;Meanwhile obtain that Development volue is high, widely used black soldier flies, so as to obtain great economic benefit.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide it is a kind of using kitchen leftover base-material cultivate black soldier flies larva method, fully Using kitchen garbage, the black soldier flies larva of great Development volue is obtained, technical process is simply efficient, and cost is cheap, has very big Economic benefit.
The present invention solve above-mentioned technical problem technical scheme be:
A kind of method that black soldier flies larva is cultivated using kitchen leftover base-material, is comprised the following steps:
(1) egg hatch:Black soldier flies worm's ovum is positioned in the hatchery added with feed, hatched;Wherein, feed is Corn flour, dregs of beans, wheat bran are according to mass ratio (2~4):(1.5~2.5):(4~6) uniformly mixed mixture, feed contain Water is 60%~80%;The condition of hatching is:26 DEG C~32 DEG C of environment temperature, humidity 60%~70%, 2 days~4 days time;
(2) larva cultivates:By the kitchen leftover base-material in culturing pool added with least 5 centimetres of thickness, then will be after hatching Black soldier flies worm's ovum support to 4 ages in days, according to 5g/m2~6g/m2Input amount be positioned in culturing pool and cultivated, and daily The lactic acid bacteria liquid of mass concentration 0.5%~5% is sprayed, obtains black soldier flies larva;Wherein, the condition of cultivation is:Environment temperature 25 DEG C~30 DEG C, humidity 50%~60%, 8~10 days time.
Preferably, feed is corn flour, dregs of beans, wheat bran according to mass ratio 3:2:5 uniform mixed mixtures.
In addition, kitchen leftover base-material is successively by high-temperature sterilization, removal of impurities, draining, the process of oil removing, its high-temperature sterilization Process be:Material is warming up to 140 DEG C, and kept for more than 90 minutes;Need that kitchen leftover is continuously replenished during cultivation Base-material, to keep at least 5 centimetres of its thickness of kitchen leftover base-material in culturing pool.
Using the present invention having the beneficial effect that using the method for kitchen leftover base-material cultivation black soldier flies larva, meal is utilized The base-material that kitchen leftover is bred as black soldier flies larva so that resource is effectively used;Mode using fermentation cultivation is numerous The black soldier flies grown, pest and disease damage is less, while may also aid in black soldier flies and digested, and improves the speed of growth of larva;Utilize lactic acid Bacteria liquid ensures the temperature of material heap, moisture, while eliminates the harmful bacteria in environment, ensure that the cleaning of breeding process;Technique mistake Journey is simply efficient, and cost is cheap, good in economic efficiency.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of method that black soldier flies larva is cultivated using kitchen leftover base-material, is comprised the following steps:
(1) egg hatch:Black soldier flies worm's ovum is positioned in the hatchery added with feed, hatched, the condition of hatching For:26 DEG C~32 DEG C of environment temperature, humidity 60%~70%, 2 days~4 days time;Wherein, feed is corn flour, dregs of beans, wheat bran According to mass ratio 3:2:5 uniform mixed mixtures, the water content of feed is 70%;
(2) larva cultivates:Kitchen leftover base-material is first successively passed through to high-temperature sterilization, removal of impurities, draining, the mistake of oil removing Journey, the process of its high-temperature sterilization are:Material is warming up to 140 DEG C, and kept for more than 90 minutes, then added with thickness in culturing pool At least 5 centimetres of kitchen leftover base-material, the black soldier flies worm's ovum after hatching is supported to 4 ages in days, according to 5g/m2~6g/m2's Input amount is positioned in culturing pool and cultivated, and the condition of cultivation is:25 DEG C~30 DEG C of environment temperature, humidity 50%~60%, 8 days~10 days time, and need during cultivation that kitchen leftover base-material is continuously replenished, to keep the remaining food of kitchen in culturing pool At least 5 centimetres of its thickness of thing base-material, and the lactic acid bacteria liquid of sprinkling mass concentration 1% daily, ensure temperature, the water of material heap Point, while the harmful bacteria in environment is eliminated, obtain black soldier flies larva.
Embodiment 2
A kind of method that black soldier flies larva is cultivated using kitchen leftover base-material, is comprised the following steps:
(1) egg hatch:Black soldier flies worm's ovum is positioned in the hatchery added with feed, hatched, the condition of hatching For:26 DEG C~32 DEG C of environment temperature, humidity 60%~70%, 2 days~4 days time;Wherein, feed is corn flour, dregs of beans, wheat bran According to mass ratio 4:1.5:6 uniform mixed mixtures, the water content of feed is 60%;
(2) larva cultivates:Kitchen leftover base-material is first successively passed through to high-temperature sterilization, removal of impurities, draining, the mistake of oil removing Journey, the process of its high-temperature sterilization are:Material is warming up to 140 DEG C, and kept for more than 90 minutes, then added with thickness in culturing pool At least 5 centimetres of kitchen leftover base-material, the black soldier flies worm's ovum after hatching is supported to 4 ages in days, according to 5g/m2~6g/m2's Input amount is positioned in culturing pool and cultivated, and the condition of cultivation is:25 DEG C~30 DEG C of environment temperature, humidity 50%~60%, 8 days~10 days time, and need during cultivation that kitchen leftover base-material is continuously replenished, to keep the remaining food of kitchen in culturing pool At least 5 centimetres of its thickness of thing base-material, and the lactic acid bacteria liquid of sprinkling mass concentration 0.5% daily, ensure temperature, the water of material heap Point, while the harmful bacteria in environment is eliminated, obtain black soldier flies larva.
Embodiment 3
A kind of method that black soldier flies larva is cultivated using kitchen leftover base-material, is comprised the following steps:
(1) egg hatch:Black soldier flies worm's ovum is positioned in the hatchery added with feed, hatched, the condition of hatching For:26 DEG C~32 DEG C of environment temperature, humidity 60%~70%, 2 days~4 days time;Wherein, feed is corn flour, dregs of beans, wheat bran According to mass ratio 2:2.5:4 uniform mixed mixtures, the water content of feed is 80%;
(2) larva cultivates:Kitchen leftover base-material is first successively passed through to high-temperature sterilization, removal of impurities, draining, the mistake of oil removing Journey, the process of its high-temperature sterilization are:Material is warming up to 140 DEG C, and kept for more than 90 minutes, then added with thickness in culturing pool At least 5 centimetres of kitchen leftover base-material, the black soldier flies worm's ovum after hatching is supported to 4 ages in days, according to 5g/m2~6g/m2's Input amount is positioned in culturing pool and cultivated, and the condition of cultivation is:25 DEG C~30 DEG C of environment temperature, humidity 50%~60%, 8 days~10 days time, and need during cultivation that kitchen leftover base-material is continuously replenished, to keep the remaining food of kitchen in culturing pool At least 5 centimetres of its thickness of thing base-material, and the lactic acid bacteria liquid of sprinkling mass concentration 5% daily, ensure temperature, the water of material heap Point, while the harmful bacteria in environment is eliminated, obtain black soldier flies larva.
The method that black soldier flies larva is cultivated by above-described embodiment, takes full advantage of kitchen leftover, black soldier flies disease pest Evil is less, and faster, technical process is simply efficient for the speed of growth of larva, and cost is cheap, good in economic efficiency.

Claims (5)

  1. A kind of 1. method that black soldier flies larva is cultivated using kitchen leftover base-material, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
    (1) egg hatch:Black soldier flies worm's ovum is positioned in the hatchery added with feed, hatched;Wherein, the feed is Corn flour, dregs of beans, wheat bran are according to mass ratio (2~4):(1.5~2.5):(4~6) uniform mixed mixture, the feed Water content be 60%~80%;The condition of the hatching is:26 DEG C~32 DEG C of environment temperature, humidity 60%~70%, time 2 My god~4 days;
    (2) larva cultivates:By the kitchen leftover base-material in culturing pool added with least 5 centimetres of thickness, then will be black after hatching Stratiomyiid worm's ovum is supported to 4 ages in days, according to 5g/m2~6g/m2Input amount be positioned in culturing pool and cultivated, and sprinkling daily The lactic acid bacteria liquid of mass concentration 0.5%~5%, obtain black soldier flies larva;Wherein, the condition of the cultivation is:Environment temperature 25 DEG C~30 DEG C, humidity 50%~60%, 8 days~10 days time.
  2. 2. a kind of method that black soldier flies larva is cultivated using kitchen leftover base-material as claimed in claim 1, its feature are existed In the feed is corn flour, dregs of beans, wheat bran according to mass ratio 3:2:5 uniform mixed mixtures.
  3. 3. a kind of method that black soldier flies larva is cultivated using kitchen leftover base-material as claimed in claim 1, its feature are existed In the kitchen leftover base-material is successively by high-temperature sterilization, removal of impurities, draining, the process of oil removing.
  4. 4. a kind of method that black soldier flies larva is cultivated using kitchen leftover base-material as claimed in claim 3, its feature are existed In the autoclaving process of the kitchen leftover base-material is:Material is warming up to 140 DEG C, and kept for more than 90 minutes.
  5. 5. a kind of method that black soldier flies larva is cultivated using kitchen leftover base-material as claimed in claim 1, its feature are existed In, need that kitchen leftover base-material is continuously replenished during cultivation, with keep kitchen leftover base-material in culturing pool it is thick At least 5 centimetres of degree.
CN201711024475.4A 2017-10-27 2017-10-27 Method for breeding black soldier fly larvae by using kitchen residual food base material Pending CN107549126A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108029641A (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-05-15 河南恩赛姆生物科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent full-automatic black soldier flies bioreactor, production line and application method
CN108176702A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-06-19 世本(天津)环境技术有限公司 A kind of kitchen garbage treatment process of sewage zero waste gas emission
CN108740568A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-11-06 山东农业大学 A kind of black soldier flies larvae feeds
CN108925755A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-12-04 四川芬尼格斯科技有限公司 A kind of breeding bait formula of black soldier flies larva and preparation method thereof
CN109964882A (en) * 2019-04-23 2019-07-05 王龙忠 Utilize the method for kitchen garbage cultivation black soldier flies
CN110839789A (en) * 2019-10-30 2020-02-28 广州大学 Special material for hatching hermetia illucens eggs and preparation method thereof
WO2021107796A1 (en) * 2019-11-27 2021-06-03 Hipromine Spółka Akcyjna Compound feed, feed supplement, bioutilization method of the agri-food industry by-products, method of breeding/rearing insects of the order diptera and their applications
CN113439713A (en) * 2021-06-10 2021-09-28 杭州汉山环境工程技术有限公司 Method for breeding black soldier fly larvae by three-phase separation solid-phase material in kitchen project
CN114586743A (en) * 2020-12-04 2022-06-07 中国科学院分子植物科学卓越创新中心 Method for feeding hermetia illucens through kitchen waste and simultaneously realizing resourceful treatment of kitchen waste
NO20210318A1 (en) * 2021-03-11 2022-09-12 David Manoocher Tehrani A PROCEDURE FOR RAising BLACK SOLDIER FLY LARVAE
CN115176766A (en) * 2022-08-09 2022-10-14 深圳市中兴恒熙环保有限公司 Method for feeding hermetia illucens larvae by using food waste and application
WO2023197421A1 (en) * 2022-04-15 2023-10-19 南京大学 Process method for full-scale resource utilization of kitchen waste using hermetia illucens and aerobic microorganisms
CN117179197A (en) * 2023-09-27 2023-12-08 浙江三利农业科技(集团)有限公司 Feed for larvae of black soldier fly of 5 th age and preparation method of feed

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108176702A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-06-19 世本(天津)环境技术有限公司 A kind of kitchen garbage treatment process of sewage zero waste gas emission
CN108029641A (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-05-15 河南恩赛姆生物科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent full-automatic black soldier flies bioreactor, production line and application method
CN108925755A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-12-04 四川芬尼格斯科技有限公司 A kind of breeding bait formula of black soldier flies larva and preparation method thereof
CN108740568A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-11-06 山东农业大学 A kind of black soldier flies larvae feeds
CN109964882A (en) * 2019-04-23 2019-07-05 王龙忠 Utilize the method for kitchen garbage cultivation black soldier flies
CN110839789A (en) * 2019-10-30 2020-02-28 广州大学 Special material for hatching hermetia illucens eggs and preparation method thereof
WO2021107796A1 (en) * 2019-11-27 2021-06-03 Hipromine Spółka Akcyjna Compound feed, feed supplement, bioutilization method of the agri-food industry by-products, method of breeding/rearing insects of the order diptera and their applications
CN114586743A (en) * 2020-12-04 2022-06-07 中国科学院分子植物科学卓越创新中心 Method for feeding hermetia illucens through kitchen waste and simultaneously realizing resourceful treatment of kitchen waste
NO20210318A1 (en) * 2021-03-11 2022-09-12 David Manoocher Tehrani A PROCEDURE FOR RAising BLACK SOLDIER FLY LARVAE
CN113439713A (en) * 2021-06-10 2021-09-28 杭州汉山环境工程技术有限公司 Method for breeding black soldier fly larvae by three-phase separation solid-phase material in kitchen project
WO2023197421A1 (en) * 2022-04-15 2023-10-19 南京大学 Process method for full-scale resource utilization of kitchen waste using hermetia illucens and aerobic microorganisms
CN115176766A (en) * 2022-08-09 2022-10-14 深圳市中兴恒熙环保有限公司 Method for feeding hermetia illucens larvae by using food waste and application
CN117179197A (en) * 2023-09-27 2023-12-08 浙江三利农业科技(集团)有限公司 Feed for larvae of black soldier fly of 5 th age and preparation method of feed
CN117179197B (en) * 2023-09-27 2024-03-22 浙江三利农业科技(集团)有限公司 Feed for larvae of black soldier fly of 5 th age and preparation method of feed

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