CN107853250A - A kind of cultural method of earthworm - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method of earthworm Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107853250A
CN107853250A CN201711266419.1A CN201711266419A CN107853250A CN 107853250 A CN107853250 A CN 107853250A CN 201711266419 A CN201711266419 A CN 201711266419A CN 107853250 A CN107853250 A CN 107853250A
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earthworm
culturing pool
parts
fermentation
matrix
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CN201711266419.1A
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罗成喜
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罗成喜
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Priority to CN201711266419.1A priority Critical patent/CN107853250A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • A01K67/0332Earthworms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/12Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes by fermentation of natural products, e.g. of vegetable material, animal waste material or biomass
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals

Abstract

This application discloses a kind of cultural method of earthworm, it is related to animal-breeding field, to solve the problems, such as earthworm output capacity invention.This method mainly includes:A. prepared by earthworm matrix:Matrix lay-by material includes discarded edible mushroom, straw, urea, mud, EM bacterium solutions;The mixed fermentation of matrix lay-by material is adjusted into pH value, sandy loam is eventually adding and earthworm matrix is made;B. vermiculture pond is paved:Culturing pool is set, sunshade, the laying water pipes at the top of the culturing pool are set up above the culturing pool, and adds water regulation humidity;C. earthworm is inoculated with:It is good to choose kind, the earthworm of bouncing, is inoculated on culturing pool;D. daily management;E. earthworm is harvested into.This cultural method, effectively utilize discarded object so that cultivation and plantation can be combined effectively, mutually using waste, to realize green agriculture circulation production, both promoted the development of vermiculture industry, and promoted the development of planting edible mushroom industry again.

Description

A kind of cultural method of earthworm
Technical field
The application is related to animal-breeding field, more particularly to a kind of cultural method of earthworm.
Background technology
Earthworm is a kind of common terrestrial annelid, lives in soil, hides by day and comes out at night, with feces of livestock and poultry and organic waste Thing rubbish is food, is together swallowed together with soil, also the fragment such as cauline leaf of feeding plant.Earthworm can make loosing soil, improved soil, Build up fertility, promote agricultural volume increase.Earthworm is a kind of multifunctional bio resource, and 70% is all protein in earthworm body, is high-quality High protein source.Also contain a variety of enzymes with antibacterial action in earthworm body, can develop biological pesticide, biological veterinary, biology has Machine fertilizer etc., its added value of product is high, green.Earthworm can also research and develop plurality kinds of health care food and animal protein feed, can drop Low cost, improve product quality.Therefore, earthworm is that a kind of cost is low, the reliable animal protein of highly effective and safe.And wherein liquid The polypeptide of extraction, there is the effect of growth promotion and antibacterial.
Because earthworm and extract are in medicine, food, planting industry, animal husbandry, organic waste safe utilization, environmental improvement Good application prospect has been shown with the Preliminary Applications in the wide spectrum such as protection, soil improvement, therefore, has turned into generation at present The new focus that various countries of boundary mutually research and develop unexpectedly.Current cultivation earthworm, usually by the animal wastes such as cow dung, pig manure and rice Grass, straw etc. are that feed is laid on soil or pile fermentation cultivates, and this breeding way animal wastes usage amount is big, but go out Earthworm is few, and the death rate of earthworm is high.That is extracted after cultivation is small into earthworm individual, and body surface color and luster is not bright-coloured enough, wherein the high-quality egg contained Often size all mixes the earthworm of the low and traditional cultural method harvest of white rate, and later stage separation is cumbersome, unfavorable In raising operating efficiency.
The content of the invention
This application provides a kind of cultural method of earthworm, to solve the problems, such as that the output capacity of earthworm is low.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A. prepared by earthworm matrix:
(1) material of following parts by weight is weighed:60~80 parts of discarded edible mushrooms, 30~50 parts of straws, 20~30 parts Urea, 10~15 parts of mud, 0.5~1 part of EM bacterium solution, 100~150 parts of sandy loams;
(2) will be standby after 60~80 parts of discarded edible mushrooms, 30~50 parts of straw co-grindings;
(3) crushed material, 20~30 parts of urea, 10~15 parts of mud obtained by step (2) are well mixed and are put in fermentation vat, And be inoculated with 0.5~1 part of EM bacterium solution and carry out fermentation process, during which controlling fermentation temperature, fermentation must be sent out for 12~16 days at 40~55 DEG C Ferment material is standby;
(4) PH tests are carried out to fermentation material, and pH value is adjusted with the lime aqueous solution of citric acid solution or clarification, controlled PH value processed is 6~7;
(5) after the fermentation material after regulation being taken out into natural air drying, then 80 mesh sieves be crushed to obtain yeast powder standby;
(6) earthworm matrix is produced after yeast powder is sufficiently mixed uniformly with 100~150 parts of sandy loams;
B. vermiculture pond is paved:Selection sets culturing pool, the culturing pool close to water source, draining convenience, ventilation Top sets up sunshade, the laying water pipes at the top of the culturing pool, offers hole for water spraying on the aqueduct, will be made Earthworm matrix is spread in room and the culturing pool, and laying height be 40~60cm, and adds water regulation humidity, preservation water content 70~ 80%;
C. earthworm is inoculated with:It is good to choose kind, the earthworm of bouncing, culturing pool is inoculated in every cubic metre of 1~2kg amount On;
D. daily management:It is 18~30 DEG C to control environment temperature, every time by the wormcast of the upper epidermis of culturing pool before feeding Just feed is put on culturing pool again after removing, pile-turning operation up and down was carried out once to culturing pool every 6~8 days, is periodically inspected, Pay attention to earthworm generation, breeding and spawning, night lights illumination, prevent earthworm from fleeing;
E. earthworm is harvested into:By the raising of 34~45 days, earthworm grew up to, and earthworm is extracted into the top of earthworm bed laying earthworm step, Go out after earthworm again with earthworm matrix reduction culturing pool.
Further, the EM bacterium solutions in step A include:Photosynthetic bacteria group, lactobacillus, yeast flora and thread flora.
Further, the yeast powder in step A can 100% cross 60 mesh, more than 80% cross 100 mesh.
Further, water content is kept in culturing pool described in step B 70~75%.
The present invention has the advantages that:The application is entered using unique breeding dust to discarded edible mushroom, stalk Go re-using, protected environment, and contained rich in nutrition content, there is preferable permeability, undesirable microorganism, Pathogen, the miscellaneous bacteria source of infection and hazard residue material equal size are less, improve earthworm growing environment, reduce the incidence of disease and dead Rate is died, improves the speed of growth and yield.Rational daily management mode promotes the growth of earthworm, the wormcast during which removed Available for the application of vegetable fertilizer, such as edible mushroom, there is preferable by-product to be worth.In summary, this cultural method processing step Simply, abundant raw material, cheap and easy to get, management convenience, the discarded object effectively utilized so that cultivation and plantation can be tied effectively Close, mutually using discarded object, to realize green agriculture circulation generation, both promoted the development of vermiculture industry, and promoted edible mushroom again The development of planting industry.The earthworm individual of output is big simultaneously, bright in colour, nutritive value is high, has preferable economic value.
Embodiment
The application is further illustrated with reference to embodiments.
Embodiment 1
During vermiculture, it is necessary first to prepare earthworm matrix, earthworm matrix is the soil environment of breeding earthworm. Whole breeding process includes:
A. prepared by earthworm matrix:
(1) material of following parts by weight is weighed:60 parts of discarded edible mushrooms, 30 parts of straws, 30 parts of urea, 15 parts of silts Mud, 0.5 part of EM bacterium solution, 150 parts of sandy loams, EM bacterium solutions therein include:Photosynthetic bacteria group, lactobacillus, yeast flora and thread Flora;
(2) will be standby after 60 parts of discarded edible mushrooms, 30 parts of straw co-grindings;
(3) crushed material, 30 parts of urea, 15 parts of mud obtained by step (2) are well mixed and are put in fermentation vat, and are inoculated with 0.5 part of EM bacterium solution carries out fermentation process, during which controls fermentation temperature at 40~45 DEG C, and it is standby that fermentation obtains fermentation material in 12 days;
(4) PH tests are carried out to fermentation material, and pH value is adjusted with the lime aqueous solution of citric acid solution or clarification, controlled PH value processed is 6;
(5) after the fermentation material after regulation being taken out into natural air drying, then 80 mesh sieves be crushed to obtain yeast powder standby;
(6) earthworm matrix is produced after yeast powder is sufficiently mixed uniformly with 150 parts of sandy loams;
B. vermiculture pond is paved:Selection sets culturing pool, the culturing pool close to water source, draining convenience, ventilation Top sets up sunshade, the laying water pipes at the top of the culturing pool, offers hole for water spraying on the aqueduct, will be made Earthworm matrix spreads room and in the culturing pool, laying height is 40cm, and adds water regulation humidity, preserves water content 70%;
C. earthworm is inoculated with:It is good to choose kind, the earthworm of bouncing, is inoculated in every cubic metre of 1kg amount on culturing pool;
D. daily management:It is 18 DEG C to control environment temperature, every time removes the earthworm manure of the upper epidermis of culturing pool before feeding Feed is put on culturing pool again after going, pile-turning operation up and down was carried out once to culturing pool every 6 days, periodically inspects, pays attention to earthworm Earthworm generation, breeding and spawning, night lights illumination, prevent earthworm from fleeing;
E. earthworm is harvested into:By the raising of 34 days, earthworm grew up to, and is extracted into earthworm in the top of earthworm bed laying earthworm step, goes out earthworm Afterwards again with earthworm matrix reduction culturing pool.
By above-mentioned breeding process, earthworm is harvested into, then will be continued to process into earthworm, to facilitate storage, subsequently to enter into earthworm Medicine is prepared.
Embodiment 2
During vermiculture, it is necessary first to prepare earthworm matrix, earthworm matrix is the soil environment of breeding earthworm. Whole breeding process includes:
A. prepared by earthworm matrix:
(1) material of following parts by weight is weighed:80 parts of discarded edible mushrooms, 50 parts of straws, 20 parts of urea, 10 parts of silts Mud, 0.5 part of EM bacterium solution, 100 parts of sandy loams, EM bacterium solutions therein include:Photosynthetic bacteria group, lactobacillus, yeast flora and thread Flora;
(2) will be standby after 80 parts of discarded edible mushrooms, 50 parts of straw co-grindings;
(3) crushed material, 20 parts of urea, 10 parts of mud obtained by step (2) are well mixed and are put in fermentation vat, and are inoculated with 0.5 part of EM bacterium solution carries out fermentation process, during which controls fermentation temperature at 40~45 DEG C, and it is standby that fermentation obtains fermentation material in 16 days;
(4) PH tests are carried out to fermentation material, and pH value is adjusted with the lime aqueous solution of citric acid solution or clarification, controlled PH value processed is 7;
(5) after the fermentation material after regulation being taken out into natural air drying, then 80 mesh sieves be crushed to obtain yeast powder standby;
(6) earthworm matrix is produced after yeast powder is sufficiently mixed uniformly with 100 parts of sandy loams;
B. vermiculture pond is paved:Selection sets culturing pool, the culturing pool close to water source, draining convenience, ventilation Top sets up sunshade, the laying water pipes at the top of the culturing pool, offers hole for water spraying on the aqueduct, will be made Earthworm matrix spreads room and in the culturing pool, laying height is 60cm, and adds water regulation humidity, preserves water content 80%;
C. earthworm is inoculated with:It is good to choose kind, the earthworm of bouncing, is inoculated in every cubic metre of 2kg amount on culturing pool;
D. daily management:It is 30 DEG C to control environment temperature, every time removes the earthworm manure of the upper epidermis of culturing pool before feeding Feed is put on culturing pool again after going, pile-turning operation up and down was carried out once to culturing pool every 8 days, periodically inspects, pays attention to earthworm Earthworm generation, breeding and spawning, night lights illumination, prevent earthworm from fleeing;
E. earthworm is harvested into:By the raising of 45 days, earthworm grew up to, and is extracted into earthworm in the top of earthworm bed laying earthworm step, goes out earthworm Afterwards again with earthworm matrix reduction culturing pool.
Compared with Example 1, by above-mentioned breeding process, harvest into that earthworm quantity is more, and color and luster is dark, in unit volume The quantity of Medium Culture earthworm is excessive, is unfavorable for earthworm and continues to breed.
Embodiment 3
During vermiculture, it is necessary first to prepare earthworm matrix, earthworm matrix is the soil environment of breeding earthworm. Whole breeding process includes:
A. prepared by earthworm matrix:
(1) material of following parts by weight is weighed:70 parts of discarded edible mushrooms, 40 parts of straws, 25 parts of urea, 12 parts of silts Mud, 0.8 part of EM bacterium solution, 120 parts of sandy loams, EM bacterium solutions therein include:Photosynthetic bacteria group, lactobacillus, yeast flora and thread Flora;
(2) will be standby after 70 parts of discarded edible mushrooms, 40 parts of straw co-grindings;
(3) crushed material, 25 parts of urea, 12 parts of mud obtained by step (2) are well mixed and are put in fermentation vat, and are inoculated with 0.5 part of EM bacterium solution carries out fermentation process, during which controls fermentation temperature at 40~45 DEG C, and it is standby that fermentation obtains fermentation material in 14 days;
(4) PH tests are carried out to fermentation material, and pH value is adjusted with the lime aqueous solution of citric acid solution or clarification, controlled PH value processed is 6.5;
(5) after the fermentation material after regulation being taken out into natural air drying, then 80 mesh sieves be crushed to obtain yeast powder standby;
(6) earthworm matrix is produced after yeast powder is sufficiently mixed uniformly with 120 parts of sandy loams;
B. vermiculture pond is paved:Selection sets culturing pool, the culturing pool close to water source, draining convenience, ventilation Top sets up sunshade, the laying water pipes at the top of the culturing pool, offers hole for water spraying on the aqueduct, will be made Earthworm matrix spreads room and in the culturing pool, laying height is 50cm, and adds water regulation humidity, preserves water content 75%;
C. earthworm is inoculated with:It is good to choose kind, the earthworm of bouncing, culturing pool is inoculated in every cubic metre of 1.5kg amount On;
D. daily management:It is 25 DEG C to control environment temperature, every time removes the earthworm manure of the upper epidermis of culturing pool before feeding Feed is put on culturing pool again after going, pile-turning operation up and down was carried out once to culturing pool every 7 days, periodically inspects, pays attention to earthworm Earthworm generation, breeding and spawning, night lights illumination, prevent earthworm from fleeing;
E. earthworm is harvested into:By the raising of 40 days, earthworm grew up to, and is extracted into earthworm in the top of earthworm bed laying earthworm step, goes out earthworm Afterwards again with earthworm matrix reduction culturing pool.
Compared with Example 1, by above-mentioned breeding process, it is larger to harvest into earthworm individual, good colour, beneficial to follow-up numerous Grow and lay eggs, it makes the selection of host material and to put kind of density more appropriate.
The present invention has the advantages that:The application is entered using unique breeding dust to discarded edible mushroom, stalk Go re-using, protected environment, and contained rich in nutrition content, there is preferable permeability, undesirable microorganism, Pathogen, the miscellaneous bacteria source of infection and hazard residue material equal size are less, improve earthworm growing environment, reduce the incidence of disease and dead Rate is died, improves the speed of growth and yield.Rational daily management mode promotes the growth of earthworm, the wormcast during which removed Available for the application of vegetable fertilizer, such as edible mushroom, there is preferable by-product to be worth.In summary, this cultural method processing step Simply, abundant raw material, cheap and easy to get, management convenience, the discarded object effectively utilized so that cultivation and plantation can be tied effectively Close, mutually using discarded object, to realize green agriculture circulation generation, both promoted the development of vermiculture industry, and promoted edible mushroom again The development of planting industry.The earthworm individual of output is big simultaneously, bright in colour, nutritive value is high, has preferable economic value.
In this specification between each embodiment identical similar part mutually referring to.Invention described above is real The mode of applying is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention..

Claims (4)

1. a kind of cultural method of earthworm, it is characterised in that methods described includes:
A. prepared by earthworm matrix:
(1) material of following parts by weight is weighed:60~80 parts of discarded edible mushrooms, 30~50 parts of straws, 20~30 parts of urea, 10~15 parts of mud, 0.5~1 part of EM bacterium solution, 100~150 parts of sandy loams;
(2) will be standby after 60~80 parts of discarded edible mushrooms, 30~50 parts of straw co-grindings;
(3) crushed material, 20~30 parts of urea, 10~15 parts of mud obtained by step (2) are well mixed and are put in fermentation vat, and connect 0.5~1 part of EM bacterium solution of kind carries out fermentation process, during which controls fermentation temperature at 40~55 DEG C, and fermentation obtains fermentation material in 12~16 days It is standby;
(4) PH tests are carried out to fermentation material, and pH value is adjusted with the lime aqueous solution of citric acid solution or clarification, control PH Value is 6~7;
(5) after the fermentation material after regulation being taken out into natural air drying, then 80 mesh sieves be crushed to obtain yeast powder standby;
(6) earthworm matrix is produced after yeast powder is sufficiently mixed uniformly with 100~150 parts of sandy loams;
B. vermiculture pond is paved:Selection is close to water source, draining is convenient, ventilation sets culturing pool, above the culturing pool Sunshade is set up, the laying water pipes at the top of the culturing pool, hole for water spraying is offered on the aqueduct, by made earthworm Matrix is spread in room and the culturing pool, and laying height be 40~60cm, and adds water regulation humidity, preservation water content 70~ 80%;
C. earthworm is inoculated with:It is good to choose kind, the earthworm of bouncing, is inoculated in every cubic metre of 1~2kg amount on culturing pool;
D. daily management:It is 18~30 DEG C to control environment temperature, every time removes the earthworm manure of the upper epidermis of culturing pool before feeding Feed is put on culturing pool again after going, pile-turning operation up and down was carried out once to culturing pool every 6~8 days, periodically inspects, pays attention to Earthworm generation, breeding and spawning, night lights illumination, prevent earthworm from fleeing;
E. earthworm is harvested into:By the raising of 34~45 days, earthworm grew up to, and is extracted into earthworm in the top of earthworm bed laying earthworm step, goes out earthworm Afterwards again with earthworm matrix reduction culturing pool.
2. the method as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the EM bacterium solutions in step A include:Photosynthetic bacteria group, lactobacillus, Yeast flora and thread flora.
3. the method as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that yeast powder in step A 100% can cross 60 mesh, and more than 80% Cross 100 mesh.
4. the method as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that keep in culturing pool described in step B water content 70~ 75%.
CN201711266419.1A 2017-12-05 2017-12-05 A kind of cultural method of earthworm Pending CN107853250A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108617596A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-10-09 赣州东山嘉禾现代农业有限公司 A method of utilizing the continuous breeding earthworm of inferior mushroom of White mushroom
CN108991248A (en) * 2018-08-31 2018-12-14 唐山师范学院 Promote the feed and its production method of earthworm growth, breeding
CN109042536A (en) * 2018-08-01 2018-12-21 凯里学院 A method of earthworm is raised using sheep dung
CN109619048A (en) * 2019-02-14 2019-04-16 四川省内江市农业科学院 Raise the method for earthworm stage by stage using waste
CN110178798A (en) * 2019-05-21 2019-08-30 贵州梵农生态科技有限公司 A method of utilizing edible fungi residue breeding earthworm
CN110199956A (en) * 2019-05-21 2019-09-06 铜仁职业技术学院 A kind of resource utilization method of edible fungus stick combination cow dung breeding earthworm

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CN106070075A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-09 界首市地龙养殖专业合作社 A kind of cultural method of Lumbricus
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108617596A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-10-09 赣州东山嘉禾现代农业有限公司 A method of utilizing the continuous breeding earthworm of inferior mushroom of White mushroom
CN109042536A (en) * 2018-08-01 2018-12-21 凯里学院 A method of earthworm is raised using sheep dung
CN108991248A (en) * 2018-08-31 2018-12-14 唐山师范学院 Promote the feed and its production method of earthworm growth, breeding
CN108991248B (en) * 2018-08-31 2021-12-07 唐山师范学院 Feed for promoting growth and reproduction of earthworms and production method thereof
CN109619048A (en) * 2019-02-14 2019-04-16 四川省内江市农业科学院 Raise the method for earthworm stage by stage using waste
CN110178798A (en) * 2019-05-21 2019-08-30 贵州梵农生态科技有限公司 A method of utilizing edible fungi residue breeding earthworm
CN110199956A (en) * 2019-05-21 2019-09-06 铜仁职业技术学院 A kind of resource utilization method of edible fungus stick combination cow dung breeding earthworm

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