CN108617596A - A method of utilizing the continuous breeding earthworm of inferior mushroom of White mushroom - Google Patents

A method of utilizing the continuous breeding earthworm of inferior mushroom of White mushroom Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108617596A
CN108617596A CN201810439396.8A CN201810439396A CN108617596A CN 108617596 A CN108617596 A CN 108617596A CN 201810439396 A CN201810439396 A CN 201810439396A CN 108617596 A CN108617596 A CN 108617596A
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China
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mushroom
bedding
earthworm
inferior
slag
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CN201810439396.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
雷小文
刘志
刘志伟
谢馥芳
何炜东
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Ganzhou Dongshan Jiahe Modern Agriculture Co Ltd
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Ganzhou Dongshan Jiahe Modern Agriculture Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810439396.8A priority Critical patent/CN108617596A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • A01K67/0332Earthworms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/12Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes by fermentation of natural products, e.g. of vegetable material, animal waste material or biomass
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/26Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from waste material, e.g. feathers, bones or skin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of method of the continuous breeding earthworm of inferior mushroom using White mushroom, the specific steps are:The inferior mushroom of White mushroom is prepared into cultivation bedding into strips by pre-processing, fermentation, batch mixing, and utilize cultivation bedding breeding earthworm, the 80~90% of bedding removal volume will be cultivated again, and obtain new cultivation bedding by the size requirement addition fermentation mixing slag of cultivation bedding, continue breeding earthworm using new cultivation bedding again, subsequently continuously cultivation bedding is being handled and added again, is realizing the continuous breeding earthworm of inferior mushroom using White mushroom.This method carries out the inferior mushroom of White mushroom using earthworm the processing of high-efficiency and continuous recycling, by the inferior mushroom of White mushroom come continuous breeding earthworm, to efficiently thoroughly solve the problems, such as inferior mushroom accumulation occupied space and pollute environment, the added value of inferior mushroom is improved simultaneously, the comprehensive benefit of White mushroom plantation is improved on the whole, and there is high ecology and economic value.

Description

A method of utilizing the continuous breeding earthworm of inferior mushroom of White mushroom
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technical fields of ecologic breeding, are specially efficiently connected to the inferior mushroom of White mushroom using earthworm Continuous recycling treatment, by the inferior mushroom of White mushroom come continuous breeding earthworm, the method to reach the inferior mushroom of recycling treatment.
Background technology
Earthworm is a kind of biology using corrupt substance as things raw material, is played in the evolution of the earth and the maintenance ecological balance Important biological function, is also played an important role in field of environment protection;Meanwhile earthworm body is interior rich in a variety of amino acid and micro Element, and containing bioactive substances such as complicated enzyme systems and antibacterial peptide, in exploitation biological feedstuff and special animals bait side Face has good foreground.
In recent years, vermiculture industry is gradually risen, in particular with earthworm before good in terms of handling livestock and poultry feces Scape so that vermiculture technical research is gradually enriched;Meanwhile earthworm can also develop livestock and poultry protein feed, animal health liquid, Plant health liquid, wormcast can also develop fruits and vegetables organic fertilizer etc., these have all gradually increased the breeding prospect of earthworm.
White mushroom is a kind of high-end edible mushroom of higher price, early has plantation, and the White mushroom of output in China inland Coastal and other countries are mainly sold to, therefore, White mushroom plantation has good economic benefit.But currently, in White mushroom plantation There is also certain problems, i.e., inevitably will produce the inferior mushroom of some White mushrooms in the plantation of White mushroom, these inferior mushrooms Once accumulation cannot be handled timely, excessive place can be not only occupied, but also easily pollute the environment, it is difficult to realize it The utilization of recycling plays the economic value of its application.
Since White mushroom sugar content is higher, the inferior mushroom breeding earthworm of application White mushroom has centainly feasible Property, with it is expected achieve the purpose that efficiently utilize inferior mushroom, but using the inferior mushroom of White mushroom come the relevant technologies of breeding earthworm still It is so blank out, but predictably, the inferior mushroom breeding earthworm of application White mushroom, for solving inferior mushroom heap Product occupied space and the problem of pollute environment, and how to improve the added value of inferior mushroom, all have higher research significance and Promotion prospect.
Invention content
(1) technical problems to be solved
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of inferior mushrooms using White mushroom The method of continuous breeding earthworm, this method carry out the inferior mushroom of White mushroom using earthworm the processing of high-efficiency and continuous recycling, lead to The inferior mushroom for crossing White mushroom carrys out continuous breeding earthworm, to efficiently thoroughly solve inferior mushroom accumulation occupied space and pollute ring The problem of border, while the added value of inferior mushroom is improved, the comprehensive benefit of White mushroom plantation is improved on the whole, is had high Ecology and economic value.
(2) technical solution
In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides such a earthworm is continuously cultivated using the inferior mushroom of White mushroom The method of earthworm, the specific steps are:
Step 1: the pre-processing of inferior mushroom;The inferior mushroom of White mushroom is directly crushed uniformly, inferior mushroom is added The water of weight 6~8% is stirred uniformly, obtains mushroom slag;It is uniform that block-like inferior mushroom is prepared into ingredient by the step Mushroom slag, so that subsequent fermentation process prepares the inferior mushroom bait of vermiculture.
Step 2: the fermentation of mushroom slag;The mushroom slag that step 1 obtains is positioned in fermentation vat, and mushroom is added into fermentation vat The fresh cow dung of slag weight 30~40%, the dish leaf of mushroom slag weight 5~8%, stir evenly and ferment, and it is 50 to keep humidity ~55%, it ferments 5~8 days, obtains fermentation mixing slag;It, can for inferior mushroom breeding earthworm that is more preferable, quickly utilizing White mushroom With mushroom slag carry out heap fermentation processing, until mushroom slag hatch completely it is well-done after, adding other compositions just can be directly as earthworm Earthworm bait has through the above steps got well mushroom slag fermentation at uniform, good air permeability state, you can is subsequently being supported as earthworm The bedding bait grown.
Step 3: preparing the bedding bait of vermiculture;Fermentation mixing is added in the fermentation mixing slag obtained to step 2 The wormcast of slag weight 10~15%, and stir evenly, obtain bedding bait;In conjunction with the fermentation process in step 2, fermenting A certain amount of wormcast is mixed into mixing slag, you can directly as the bedding bait of vermiculture.
Step 4: preparing the cultivation bedding of vermiculture;The bedding bait that step 3 obtains is positioned over draining by strip Property good, shading ground on, obtain cultivation bedding, a length of 5~8m of control cultivation bedding, width are 0.4~0.5m, a height of 0.3 ~0.4m, and 10~20kg of earthworm is added in cultivating bedding, it waters daily to cultivation bedding, its humidity is made to remain 45 ~50%, it cultivates 10~15 days, the raw material cultivated in bedding is fully converted into wormcast, collects earthworm therein;Cultivation 10~ After 15 days, cultivates inferior mushroom, cow dung and dish leaf in bedding and be fully converted into uniform, ventilative wormcast, collect earthworm therein Earthworm, is left the cultivation bedding without earthworm, and ingredient is wormcast.
Step 5: passing through the continuous breeding earthworm of mixing slag that ferments;The 80~90% of bedding removal volume will be cultivated, makes residue It is partially disposed in side, the fermentation mixing slag that step 2 obtains is added in the other side, to obtain new cultivation bedding, controls new support Grow a length of 5~8m of bedding, width be 0.4~0.5m, a height of 0.3~0.4m, and in new cultivation bedding be added earthworm 15~ 25kg daily waters to new cultivation bedding, its humidity is made to remain 45~50%, cultivates 15~20 days, new cultivation Raw material in bedding is fully converted into wormcast, regathers earthworm therein, and is carried out continuously the operation of this step, realizes and utilizes The continuous breeding earthworm of inferior mushroom of White mushroom;The 80~90% of removal cultivation bedding volume, ingredient is wormcast, is removed at this time Part collect and develop and utilize, retain the 10~20% of cultivation bedding volume, and combine in step 2 by hair The fermentation mixing slag that ferment obtains is prepared into new cultivation bedding, can maximum limit under the proportioning of the wormcast and fermentation mixing slag Degree ground continuously cultivates earthworm by the inferior mushroom of White mushroom, and using new cultivation bedding cultivation 15~20 days after, In inferior mushroom, cow dung and dish leaf be fully converted into uniform, ventilative wormcast, and regather earthworm therein, it is remaining to be free of The new cultivation bedding of earthworm, ingredient is wormcast, at this point, new cultivation bedding becomes to be free of in step 4 by cultivation The cultivation bedding of earthworm, ingredient and the uniform cause of each side's surface state, the operation of this step are carried out with him, and can be carried out continuously again, To realize the continuous breeding earthworm of inferior mushroom using White mushroom.
Preferably, it in step 4 and step 5, collects earthworm therein and is collected using the light method that becomes;This quadrat method side Just simple, it is easily operated.
(3) advantageous effect
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:On the one hand, this method is set by scientific and reasonable step It sets, by step 1 to step 4, the inferior mushroom of White mushroom is prepared into cultivation into strips by pre-processing, fermentation, batch mixing Bedding, and using cultivation bedding breeding earthworm, then by step 5, cultivation bedding is handled, addition fermentation mixing slag obtains Continue breeding earthworm to new cultivation bedding, and using new cultivation bedding, then subsequently continuously cultivation bedding is being handled With addition ferment mixing slag, and continuously cultivation collect obtain earthworm, to using earthworm realize to the inferior mushroom to White mushroom into The processing of row high-efficiency and continuous recycling, and then imitate and thoroughly solve the problems, such as inferior mushroom accumulation occupied space and pollute environment, Improve the added value of inferior mushroom simultaneously, improve the comprehensive benefit of White mushroom plantation on the whole, have high ecology and Economic value;On the other hand, this method is by being optimally arranged the suitable parameter in each step, as the fermentation of mushroom slag in step adds Time and the temperature etc. for adding object and its fermentation, are all the optimal datas obtained through a large number of experiments, have high practicability, The effect of the inferior mushroom breeding earthworm of White mushroom is greatly improved, while this method is easy to operate, at low cost, can be advised greatly Mould application has extremely strong promotional value.
In general, this method carries out the inferior mushroom of White mushroom using earthworm the processing of high-efficiency and continuous recycling, passes through The inferior mushroom of White mushroom carrys out continuous breeding earthworm, to efficiently thoroughly solve inferior mushroom accumulation occupied space and pollute environment The problem of, while the added value of inferior mushroom is improved, the comprehensive benefit of White mushroom plantation is improved on the whole, is had high Ecology and economic value.
Specific implementation mode
To make the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention be easy to understand, below to this Technical solution in invention specific implementation mode carries out clear, complete description, with the present invention is further explained, it is clear that retouched The specific implementation mode stated is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole patterns.
Embodiment 1
A method of using the continuous breeding earthworm of inferior mushroom of White mushroom, implement as follows:
Step 1: the pre-processing of inferior mushroom;The inferior mushroom of White mushroom is directly crushed uniformly, inferior mushroom is added The water of weight 6% is stirred uniformly, obtains mushroom slag;Block-like inferior mushroom is prepared into the uniform mushroom of ingredient by the step Slag, so that subsequent fermentation process prepares the inferior mushroom bait of vermiculture.
Step 2: the fermentation of mushroom slag;The mushroom slag that step 1 obtains is positioned in fermentation vat, and mushroom is added into fermentation vat The fresh cow dung of slag weight 30%, the dish leaf of mushroom slag weight 5%, stir evenly and ferment, and it is 50% to keep humidity, fermentation 5 days, obtain fermentation mixing slag;For inferior mushroom breeding earthworm that is more preferable, quickly utilizing White mushroom, mushroom slag can be carried out heap Product fermentation process, until mushroom slag hatch completely it is well-done after, adding other compositions just can be directly as angleworm bait, by above-mentioned Step has got well mushroom slag fermentation at uniform, good air permeability state, you can in the follow-up bedding bait as vermiculture.
Step 3: preparing the bedding bait of vermiculture;Fermentation mixing is added in the fermentation mixing slag obtained to step 2 The wormcast of slag weight 10%, and stir evenly, obtain bedding bait;In conjunction with the fermentation process in step 2, mixed in fermentation A certain amount of wormcast is mixed into slag, you can directly as the bedding bait of vermiculture.
Step 4: preparing the cultivation bedding of vermiculture;The bedding bait that step 3 obtains is positioned over draining by strip Property good, shading ground on, obtain cultivation bedding, a length of 5m of control cultivation bedding, width 0.4m, a height of 0.3m, and foster Addition earthworm 10kg in bedding is grown, waters daily to cultivation bedding, its humidity is made to remain 45%, cultivate 10 days, cultivation Raw material in bedding is fully converted into wormcast, and collects earthworm therein by the light method that becomes;After cultivation 10 days, cultivate in bedding Inferior mushroom, cow dung and dish leaf be fully converted into uniform, ventilative wormcast, collect earthworm therein, be left without earthworm Bedding is cultivated, ingredient is wormcast.
Step 5: passing through the continuous breeding earthworm of mixing slag that ferments;The 80% of bedding removal volume will be cultivated, makes remainder It is placed in side, the other side is added the fermentation mixing slag that step 2 obtains and controls new cultivation base to obtain new cultivation bedding The a length of 5m of bed, width 0.4m, a height of 0.3m, and earthworm 15kg is added in new cultivation bedding, daily to new cultivation bedding It watering, its humidity is made to remain 45%, cultivate 15 days, the raw material in new cultivation bedding is fully converted into wormcast, then By becoming, light method collects earthworm therein, and is carried out continuously the operation of this step, realizes and is continuously supported using the inferior mushroom of White mushroom Grow earthworm;The 80% of removal cultivation bedding volume, ingredient is wormcast, and the part removed at this time, which collects, to be developed It utilizes, retains the 20% of cultivation bedding volume, and combine the fermentation mixing slag obtained through everfermentation in step 2, be prepared into new Bedding is cultivated, it, can be to the maximum extent by the inferior mushroom of White mushroom to earthworm under the proportioning of the wormcast and fermentation mixing slag It is continuously cultivated, and after being cultivated 15 days using new cultivation bedding, inferior mushroom, cow dung and dish leaf therein are fully converted into Even, ventilative wormcast, and earthworm therein is regathered, it is left the new cultivation bedding without earthworm, ingredient is wormcast, At this point, new cultivation bedding becomes to be free of the cultivation bedding of earthworm, ingredient and each side's surface state in step 4 by cultivation It is consistent, the operation of this step is carried out again with him, and can be carried out continuously, to realize that the inferior mushroom using White mushroom is continuously supported Grow earthworm.
Embodiment 2
A method of using the continuous breeding earthworm of inferior mushroom of White mushroom, implement as follows:
Step 1: the pre-processing of inferior mushroom;The inferior mushroom of White mushroom is directly crushed uniformly, inferior mushroom is added The water of weight 7% is stirred uniformly, obtains mushroom slag;Block-like inferior mushroom is prepared into the uniform mushroom of ingredient by the step Slag, so that subsequent fermentation process prepares the inferior mushroom bait of vermiculture.
Step 2: the fermentation of mushroom slag;The mushroom slag that step 1 obtains is positioned in fermentation vat, and mushroom is added into fermentation vat The fresh cow dung of slag weight 35%, the dish leaf of mushroom slag weight 6%, stir evenly and ferment, and it is 52% to keep humidity, fermentation 7 days, obtain fermentation mixing slag;For inferior mushroom breeding earthworm that is more preferable, quickly utilizing White mushroom, mushroom slag can be carried out heap Product fermentation process, until mushroom slag hatch completely it is well-done after, adding other compositions just can be directly as angleworm bait, by above-mentioned Step has got well mushroom slag fermentation at uniform, good air permeability state, you can in the follow-up bedding bait as vermiculture.
Step 3: preparing the bedding bait of vermiculture;Fermentation mixing is added in the fermentation mixing slag obtained to step 2 The wormcast of slag weight 12%, and stir evenly, obtain bedding bait;In conjunction with the fermentation process in step 2, mixed in fermentation A certain amount of wormcast is mixed into slag, you can directly as the bedding bait of vermiculture.
Step 4: preparing the cultivation bedding of vermiculture;The bedding bait that step 3 obtains is positioned over draining by strip Property good, shading ground on, obtain cultivation bedding, a length of 6m of control cultivation bedding, width 0.45m, a height of 0.35m, and It cultivates and earthworm 15kg is added in bedding, water daily to cultivation bedding, its humidity is made to remain 47%, cultivate 13 days, support It grows the raw material in bedding and is fully converted into wormcast, and earthworm therein is collected by the light method that becomes;After cultivation 13 days, bedding is cultivated In inferior mushroom, cow dung and dish leaf be fully converted into uniform, ventilative wormcast, collect earthworm therein, be left to be free of earthworm Cultivation bedding, ingredient be wormcast.
Step 5: passing through the continuous breeding earthworm of mixing slag that ferments;The 85% of bedding removal volume will be cultivated, makes remainder It is placed in side, the other side is added the fermentation mixing slag that step 2 obtains and controls new cultivation base to obtain new cultivation bedding The a length of 6m of bed, width 0.45m, a height of 0.35m, and earthworm 20kg is added in new cultivation bedding, daily to new cultivation base Bed waters, its humidity is made to remain 47%, cultivates 18 days, and the raw material in new cultivation bedding is fully converted into wormcast, Earthworm therein is collected by the light method that becomes again, and is carried out continuously the operation of this step, is realized continuous using the inferior mushroom of White mushroom Breeding earthworm;The 85% of removal cultivation bedding volume, ingredient is wormcast, and the part removed at this time, which collects, is opened Hair utilizes, and retains the 15% of cultivation bedding volume, and combine the fermentation mixing slag obtained through everfermentation in step 2, is prepared into new Cultivation bedding, the wormcast with fermentation mixing slag proportioning under, can be to the maximum extent by the inferior mushroom of White mushroom to earthworm Earthworm is continuously cultivated, and after being cultivated 18 days using new cultivation bedding, and inferior mushroom, cow dung and dish leaf therein are fully converted into Uniformly, ventilative wormcast, and earthworm therein is regathered, it is left the new cultivation bedding without earthworm, ingredient is earthworm Excrement, at this point, new cultivation bedding becomes to be free of the cultivation bedding of earthworm, ingredient and each side's planar in step 4 by cultivation State is consistent, carries out the operation of this step again with him, and can be carried out continuously, continuous using the inferior mushroom of White mushroom to realize Breeding earthworm.
Embodiment 3
A method of using the continuous breeding earthworm of inferior mushroom of White mushroom, implement as follows:
Step 1: the pre-processing of inferior mushroom;The inferior mushroom of White mushroom is directly crushed uniformly, inferior mushroom is added The water of weight 8% is stirred uniformly, obtains mushroom slag;Block-like inferior mushroom is prepared into the uniform mushroom of ingredient by the step Slag, so that subsequent fermentation process prepares the inferior mushroom bait of vermiculture.
Step 2: the fermentation of mushroom slag;The mushroom slag that step 1 obtains is positioned in fermentation vat, and mushroom is added into fermentation vat The fresh cow dung of slag weight 40%, the dish leaf of mushroom slag weight 8%, stir evenly and ferment, and it is 55% to keep humidity, fermentation 8 days, obtain fermentation mixing slag;For inferior mushroom breeding earthworm that is more preferable, quickly utilizing White mushroom, mushroom slag can be carried out heap Product fermentation process, until mushroom slag hatch completely it is well-done after, adding other compositions just can be directly as angleworm bait, by above-mentioned Step has got well mushroom slag fermentation at uniform, good air permeability state, you can in the follow-up bedding bait as vermiculture.
Step 3: preparing the bedding bait of vermiculture;Fermentation mixing is added in the fermentation mixing slag obtained to step 2 The wormcast of slag weight 15%, and stir evenly, obtain bedding bait;In conjunction with the fermentation process in step 2, mixed in fermentation A certain amount of wormcast is mixed into slag, you can directly as the bedding bait of vermiculture.
Step 4: preparing the cultivation bedding of vermiculture;The bedding bait that step 3 obtains is positioned over draining by strip Property good, shading ground on, obtain cultivation bedding, a length of 8m of control cultivation bedding, width 0.5m, a height of 0.4m, and foster Addition earthworm 20kg in bedding is grown, waters daily to cultivation bedding, its humidity is made to remain 50%, cultivate 15 days, cultivation Raw material in bedding is fully converted into wormcast, and collects earthworm therein by the light method that becomes;After cultivation 15 days, cultivate in bedding Inferior mushroom, cow dung and dish leaf be fully converted into uniform, ventilative wormcast, collect earthworm therein, be left without earthworm Bedding is cultivated, ingredient is wormcast.
Step 5: passing through the continuous breeding earthworm of mixing slag that ferments;The 90% of bedding removal volume will be cultivated, makes remainder It is placed in side, the other side is added the fermentation mixing slag that step 2 obtains and controls new cultivation base to obtain new cultivation bedding The a length of 8m of bed, width 0.5m, a height of 0.4m, and earthworm 25kg is added in new cultivation bedding, daily to new cultivation bedding It watering, its humidity is made to remain 50%, cultivate 20 days, the raw material in new cultivation bedding is fully converted into wormcast, then By becoming, light method collects earthworm therein, and is carried out continuously the operation of this step, realizes and is continuously supported using the inferior mushroom of White mushroom Grow earthworm;The 90% of removal cultivation bedding volume, ingredient is wormcast, and the part removed at this time, which collects, to be developed It utilizes, retains the 10% of cultivation bedding volume, and combine the fermentation mixing slag obtained through everfermentation in step 2, be prepared into new Bedding is cultivated, it, can be to the maximum extent by the inferior mushroom of White mushroom to earthworm under the proportioning of the wormcast and fermentation mixing slag It is continuously cultivated, and after being cultivated 20 days using new cultivation bedding, inferior mushroom, cow dung and dish leaf therein are fully converted into Even, ventilative wormcast, and earthworm therein is regathered, it is left the new cultivation bedding without earthworm, ingredient is wormcast, At this point, new cultivation bedding becomes to be free of the cultivation bedding of earthworm, ingredient and each side's surface state in step 4 by cultivation It is consistent, the operation of this step is carried out again with him, and can be carried out continuously, to realize that the inferior mushroom using White mushroom is continuously supported Grow earthworm.
It can be evident that in conjunction with above-mentioned result of implementation, this method carries out the inferior mushroom of White mushroom using earthworm The processing of high-efficiency and continuous recycling, by the inferior mushroom of White mushroom come continuous breeding earthworm, to efficiently thoroughly solve residual The problem of secondary mushroom accumulates occupied space and pollutes environment, while the added value of inferior mushroom is improved, double spores are improved on the whole The comprehensive benefit of mushroom plantation, has high ecology and economic value.
The foregoing describe the technical characteristics of the present invention and basic principle and associated advantages, for those skilled in the art For, it is clear that the present invention is not limited to the details of above-mentioned exemplary embodiment, and without departing substantially from the present invention design or In the case of essential characteristic, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, in all respects, should all incite somebody to action Above-mentioned specific implementation mode regards exemplary as, and is non-limiting, the scope of the present invention by appended claims and It is not that above description limits, it is intended that all changes that come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are included Within the present invention.
In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described according to each embodiment, not each embodiment is only It contains an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art answer When considering the specification as a whole, the technical solution in each embodiment may also be suitably combined to form art technology The other embodiment that personnel are appreciated that.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of method of continuous breeding earthworm of inferior mushroom using White mushroom, which is characterized in that the specific steps are:
Step 1: the pre-processing of inferior mushroom;The inferior mushroom of White mushroom is directly crushed uniformly, inferior mushroom weight is added 6~8% water is stirred uniformly, obtains mushroom slag;
Step 2: the fermentation of mushroom slag;The mushroom slag that step 1 obtains is positioned in fermentation vat, and mushroom slag weight is added into fermentation vat Amount 30~40% fresh cow dung, mushroom slag weight 5~8% dish leaf, stir evenly and ferment, keep humidity be 50~ 55%, it ferments 5~8 days, obtains fermentation mixing slag;
Step 3: preparing the bedding bait of vermiculture;Fermentation mixing slag weight is added in the fermentation mixing slag obtained to step 2 The wormcast of amount 10~15%, and stir evenly, obtain bedding bait;
Step 4: preparing the cultivation bedding of vermiculture;It is good that bedding bait that step 3 obtains by strip is positioned over drainage On good, shading ground, obtain cultivation bedding, a length of 5~8m of control cultivation bedding, width be 0.4~0.5m, it is a height of 0.3~ 0.4m, and 10~20kg of earthworm is added in cultivating bedding, daily waters to cultivation bedding, make its humidity remain 45~ 50%, it cultivates 10~15 days, the raw material cultivated in bedding is fully converted into wormcast, collects earthworm therein;
Step 5: passing through the continuous breeding earthworm of mixing slag that ferments;The 80~90% of bedding removal volume will be cultivated, makes remainder It is placed in side, the other side is added the fermentation mixing slag that step 2 obtains and controls new cultivation base to obtain new cultivation bedding A length of 5~the 8m of bed, width are 0.4~0.5m, a height of 0.3~0.4m, and 15~25kg of earthworm is added in new cultivation bedding, often It waters to new cultivation bedding, its humidity is made to remain 45~50%, cultivates 15~20 days, in new cultivation bedding Raw material is fully converted into wormcast, regathers earthworm therein, and is carried out continuously the operation of this step, realizes and utilizes White mushroom The inferior continuous breeding earthworm of mushroom.
2. a kind of method of continuous breeding earthworm of inferior mushroom using White mushroom according to claim 1, which is characterized in that In step 4 and step 5, collects earthworm therein and be collected using the light method that becomes.
CN201810439396.8A 2018-05-09 2018-05-09 A method of utilizing the continuous breeding earthworm of inferior mushroom of White mushroom Pending CN108617596A (en)

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