CN104082251A - Organic solid waste bio-treatment technology based on earthworm breeding - Google Patents

Organic solid waste bio-treatment technology based on earthworm breeding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104082251A
CN104082251A CN201410326839.4A CN201410326839A CN104082251A CN 104082251 A CN104082251 A CN 104082251A CN 201410326839 A CN201410326839 A CN 201410326839A CN 104082251 A CN104082251 A CN 104082251A
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China
Prior art keywords
bait
earthworm
solid waste
organic solid
wormcast
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CN201410326839.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢军洋
刘宇
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西安市沣东新城康运种养殖专业合作社
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Priority to CN201410326839.4A priority Critical patent/CN104082251A/en
Publication of CN104082251A publication Critical patent/CN104082251A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses an organic solid waste bio-treatment technology based on earthworm breeding. The organic solid waste bio-treatment technology based on earthworm breeding comprises the following steps that household garbage, sludge, medicine residuals or vegetation straws, animal excrement, fruit and vegetable leaves and the like, rich in organics, of sorted impurities are mixed and fermented according to a weight proportion; the mixture serves as the bait for breeding earthworms; ridges are built on a earthworm field through the mixture; young earthworms are put into the field after ridge building, and the input quantity of the young earthworms is 1 kilogram per square meter, bait is added every 11-16 days, the thickness of bait added each time is about as high as 10-15 cm, the earthworms are collected when the ridges are heightened to 60 cm, then bait continues to be added through a lateral input method, the earthworms are collected every two times of bait adding, and the work is repeated. The organic solid waste bio-treatment technology based on earthworm breeding saves energy, protects the environment, carries out treatment through a pure biological method, is high in processing efficiency and large in processing amount, develops a new treatment method for domestic garbage, and achieves perfect combination of social benefits, ecological benefits and economic benefits.

Description

A kind of organic solid waste biologic treating technique based on vermiculture
Technical field
The present invention relates to the environmental technology field of the recycling treatment of vermiculture technical field and organic solid waste, be specifically related to a kind of organic solid waste biologic treating technique based on vermiculture.
Background technology
City develops rapidly, and garbage-surrounded city phenomenon grows in intensity, and also brings the series of problems such as traffic, environmental protection, grievous injury city image, and harm people ' s health, needs effectively to be solved.
Rubbish is the association product of urbanization, and the problem of being brought by it is one of subject matter of urban development.At present, the annual emissions of China's municipal sludge and house refuse reaches 1.5 hundred million tons, and theoretical volume of cargo in storage reaches more than 60 hundred million tons, take up an area more than 500,000,000 square metre, wherein animal-plant kind organic waste accounts for more than 45%, shows as organic components content high, water content is large, the feature such as the refuse thermal value of mixed collection is low.These organic solid castoffs are distribution centres of mosquitos and flies, are also the places of bacterium, germ, the derivative variation of virus, cause serious threat to rural area and urban environment, and the ecosystem has also been caused to very big harm.
The approach for the treatment of of urban garbage has categorised collection, burning, compost and sanitary landfills, but finally with waste resources, turns to object.Garbage as resource is one of important goal of garbage decrement, resource, Harmless and Comprehensive Disposal, is also the direction that make great efforts countries in the world.This technology is compared with other technology of garbage disposal, has the advantage that investment is little, energy consumption is low, resourcebility recycles.Avoided garbage loading embeading to take a large amount of soils, percolate from garbage filling field contaminated soil and underground water, the shortcoming such as waste incineration investment is high, greenhouse gas emission is large.
Burning has that the capacity of subtracting is large, innoxious thoroughly, floor space is few, residue stable performance, can reduce to greatest extent secondary pollution and can reclaim the advantages such as heat.But its processing is costly.
In domestic waste, contain a large amount of organic matters, plant nutrient, energy substance etc., studies have shown that, change the organic matter in rubbish into wormcast fertilizer, not only improve soil, and can reduce dumping occupation of land.
Chemical fertilizer, agricultural chemicals are the requisite material used for agriculture of modern agriculture, meet people to grain growth demand in, also brought serious soil degradation and pollution problem, excess is used adverse consequencess such as can causing soil compaction, soil acidity increase, can cause soil and water pollution grows worse simultaneously.Use in a large number chemical fertilizer, agricultural chemicals and also cause a lot of biotic populations to reduce, even extinction, heavy damage the ecological balance.People are recognizing after the problems referred to above gradually, and the research and development technology of bio-fertilizer and biopesticide makes rapid progress, and application prospect is very extensive.
Biological medicine fertilizer is to grow up on the basis of medicine fertilizer, combines the advantage of bio-fertilizer and biopesticide, and the appearance of biological medicine fertilizer is the sign that the fertile industry of medicine is moved towards safety, environment-friendly type.Wormcast contains and enriches N, P, K, trace element, bio-hormone, enzyme etc., and contains more than 23% organic and 18 seed amino acids, is best fertilizer organic, green, non-polluted farm product.Facts have proved, wormcast topdresses and improves to some extent the various crop percentage of seedgermination of (comprising cereal, leguminous plant, flowers, vegetables and other field crops), promotes growth, improves output, improves the effect of quality as the base manure of growing seedlings, crop.And in wormcast, be rich in photosynthetic bacteria group, actinomycete group, yeast flora, lactobacillus etc., by the vital movement of these profitable strains, improve the availability of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and contribute to absorbing of various trace elements in soil.A large amount of microorganisms in wormcast have increased micro organism quantity and the activity in soil, have strengthened in sick soil and have carried out the competitiveness of the microorganism of nutrition Energy Competition with pathogen, have limited giving full play to of pathogen breeding potential; That beneficial microbe in wormcast can also produce is active strong, the antibiotic of has a broad antifungal spectrum, and the growth of restriction pathogen, is inhibited plant soil-borne diseases.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the problems referred to above, a kind of organic solid waste biologic treating technique based on vermiculture is provided.
The technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of organic solid waste biological treatment skill based on vermiculture
Art, comprises the following steps:
S1 is that house refuse 30~50%, mud 20~40%, the dregs of a decoction or vegetation stalk 5~15%, excrement of animals 10~30% mix, pulverize by organic domestic waste, mud, the dregs of a decoction or vegetation stalk, the excrement of animals of sorting foreign material according to part by weight;
S2, by regulating the ratio of each component, making it to reach C/N mass ratio is 25~30%, water content is 50~60%, pH value is 6.5~7.5, particle diameter is 2~3mm, the bait with this mixed material as breeding earthworm;
S3, with mixture directly to earthworm make ridge, row spacing is 1.5~2m, ridge height is 60cm;
S4, throws in earthworm seedling after making ridge, and the injected volume of seedling is 1 kilogram/square meter, every 10~15 days, with bait once, at every turn with approximately 10~15 centimeters of the thickness of bait; With bait, surpass after 15 times, start to continue with bait with " side throwing method ", while expanding row spacing degree to 8m, middle wormcast is removed, become two ridges, then use " side feeds intake " reinforced, until become a ridge, constantly circulation, forms the wide vermiculture ridge of 5m, and spacing is 8m;
S5, carries out earthworm and wormcast separated, and earthworm is used for cultivating tortoise, fish and bait, and medicine
Thing extracts raw material;
S6, carried out twice sieves to the wormcast of gained and processed, and sorting is fallen earthworm in bait and cannot be consumed
Little foreign material, obtain pure wormcast, as the raw material of fertilizer, for flowers ecological fertilizer, the plantation of nuisanceless, green, organic farm products.
Further, in described step S1, described house refuse will be carried out the preliminary sorting of the foreign material such as plastics, rubber, metal, glass.
Further, mud in described step S1 is domestic sludge or the paper mill mud of sewage treatment plant, described excrement of animals is cow dung or pig manure or sheep excrement or chicken manure, and need to be through certain using after fermentation maturity, and it is 50~55% that described excrement of animals is controlled water content.
Further, the described organic solid waste biologic treating technique based on vermiculture, is also included in
When weather is very dry, on bait ridge, sprinkle water.
Further, the described organic solid waste biologic treating technique based on vermiculture, also comprises and earthworm and wormcast is carried out separated, and wormcast needed twice sieves before use, and the little foreign material that in bait, earthworm cannot consume are fallen in sorting.
 
Advantage of the present invention:
Energy-saving and environmental protecting of the present invention; Pure biological treatment; Production efficiency is high; Garbage treatment quantity is large; The availability of solid waste is high; Energy consumption is low, production management cost is little, is convenient to large area through engineering approaches and promotes; The fertilizer producing can, for the manufacture of fertilizer and flowers ecological organic fertilier, not produce secondary pollution; Earthworm is taken in heavy metal, with this, realizes the biological cleaning of heavy metal pollution; The present invention is that a new processing approach has been developed in China's domestic rubbish disposal, realized the perfect adaptation of social benefit, ecological benefits, economic benefit.
Except object described above, feature and advantage, the present invention also has other object, feature and advantage.Below with reference to figure, the present invention is further detailed explanation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The accompanying drawing that forms the application's a part is used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, and schematic description and description of the present invention is used for explaining the present invention, does not form inappropriate limitation of the present invention.
Fig. 1 is a kind of organic solid waste biologic treating technique flow chart based on vermiculture of the present invention.
Embodiment
In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
With reference to figure 1, a kind of organic solid waste biologic treating technique based on vermiculture as shown in Figure 1,
Comprise the following steps:
S1 is that house refuse 30~50%, mud 20~40%, the dregs of a decoction or vegetation stalk 5~15%, excrement of animals 10~30% mix, pulverize by organic domestic waste, mud, the dregs of a decoction or vegetation stalk, the excrement of animals of sorting foreign material according to part by weight;
S2, by regulating the ratio of each component, making it to reach C/N mass ratio is 25~30%, water content is 50~60%, pH value is 6.5~7.5, particle diameter is 2~3mm, the bait with this mixed material as breeding earthworm;
S3, with mixture directly to earthworm make ridge, row spacing is 1.5~2m, ridge height is 60cm;
S4, throws in earthworm seedling after making ridge, and the injected volume of seedling is 1 kilogram/square meter, every 10~15 days, with bait once, at every turn with approximately 10~15 centimeters of the thickness of bait; With bait, surpass after 15 times, start to continue with bait with " side throwing method ", while expanding row spacing degree to 8m, middle wormcast is removed, become two ridges, then use " side feeds intake " reinforced, until become a ridge, constantly circulation, forms the wide vermiculture ridge of 5m, and spacing is 8m;
S5, carries out earthworm and wormcast separated, and earthworm is used for cultivating tortoise, fish and bait, and medicine
Thing extracts raw material;
S6, carried out twice sieves to the wormcast of gained and processed, and sorting is fallen earthworm in bait and cannot be consumed
Little foreign material, obtain pure wormcast, as the raw material of fertilizer, for flowers ecological fertilizer, the plantation of nuisanceless, green, organic farm products.
In described step S1, described house refuse will be carried out the preliminary sorting of the foreign material such as plastics, rubber, metal, glass.
Mud in described step S1 is domestic sludge or the paper mill mud of sewage treatment plant, and described excrement of animals is cow dung or pig manure or sheep excrement or chicken manure, and pig manure wherein or chicken manure need to be used after fermentation, and it is 50~55% that described excrement of animals is controlled water content.
The described organic solid waste biologic treating technique based on vermiculture, is also included in weather when very dry,
On bait ridge, sprinkle water.
The described organic solid waste biologic treating technique based on vermiculture, also comprises and earthworm and wormcast is carried out separated, and wormcast needed twice sieves before use, and the little foreign material that in bait, earthworm cannot consume are fallen in sorting.
Vermicomposting technology is on the promotion organic substance decomposition and inversion function that has in natural ecosystems based on earthworm and the solid waste compost basis of processing, the biologic treating technique for the organic moiety in Heng Shi house refuse, agricultural wastes and municipal sludge growing up.In whole process, the digestion of engulfing that not only has earthworm, and because its special biological function is added in the activity of earthworm in mud, accelerated the activity of microorganism in solid waste, thereby earthworm and microorganism synergy are accelerated the decomposition and inversion of organic substance in solid waste.
The wormcast fertilizer and the common fertilizer that produce have basic difference.
The present invention, by adjusting the ratio of various organic solid wastes, utilizes earthworm to engulf in digestion organic solid waste
Organic matter, by the mechanical abrasive action of earthworm gizzard and the biological chemistry action of enteron aisle, organic matter is decomposed, transformed, thereby realize the recycling treatment of organic solid waste, technique of the present invention is simple in addition, energy consumption is low, solid waste availability is high, environmental protection, be easy to large area engineering and promote; The present invention is that Urban Garbage Treatment in China has been developed a new processing approach, realized the perfect adaptation of social benefit, ecological benefits, economic benefit.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention not all, any modification of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. the organic solid waste biologic treating technique based on vermiculture, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
S1 is that house refuse 30~50%, mud 20~40%, the dregs of a decoction or vegetation stalk 5~15%, excrement of animals 10~30% mix, pulverize by organic domestic waste, mud, the dregs of a decoction or vegetation stalk, the excrement of animals of sorting foreign material according to part by weight;
S2, by regulating the ratio of each component, making it to reach C/N mass ratio is 25~30%, water content is 50~60%, pH value is 6.5~7.5, particle diameter is 2~3mm, the bait with this mixed material as breeding earthworm;
S3, with mixture directly to earthworm make ridge, row spacing is 1.5~2m, ridge height is 60cm;
S4, throws in earthworm seedling after making ridge, and the injected volume of seedling is 1 kilogram/square meter, every 10~15 days, with bait once, at every turn with approximately 10~15 centimeters of the thickness of bait; With bait, surpass after 15 times, start to continue with bait with " side throwing method ", while expanding row spacing degree to 8m, middle wormcast is removed, become two ridges, then use " side feeds intake " reinforced, until become a ridge, constantly circulation, forms the wide vermiculture ridge of 5m, and spacing is 8m;
S5, carries out earthworm and wormcast separated, and earthworm is used for cultivating tortoise, fish and bait, and medicine extracts raw material;
S6, carried out twice sieve to the wormcast of gained and processed, and sorted the little foreign material that in bait, earthworm cannot consume, and obtained pure wormcast, as the raw material of fertilizer, and for flowers ecological fertilizer, nuisanceless, green, organic farm products plantation.
2. the organic solid waste biologic treating technique based on vermiculture according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step S1, described house refuse will be carried out the preliminary sorting of the large part foreign material such as plastics, rubber, metal, glass.
3. the organic solid waste biologic treating technique based on vermiculture according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, mud in described step S1 is domestic sludge or the paper mill mud of sewage treatment plant, described excrement of animals is cow dung or pig manure or sheep excrement or chicken manure, and need to be through certain using after fermentation maturity, it is 50~55% that described excrement of animals is controlled water content.
4. the organic solid waste biologic treating technique based on vermiculture according to claim 1, is characterized in that, according to the degree of drying of angleworm bait, need often sprinkle water, and is convenient to earthworm feed.
5. the organic solid waste biologic treating technique based on vermiculture according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprises earthworm and wormcast being carried out separated, and wormcast needed twice sieves before use, and the little foreign material that in bait, earthworm cannot consume are fallen in sorting.
CN201410326839.4A 2014-07-10 2014-07-10 Organic solid waste bio-treatment technology based on earthworm breeding CN104082251A (en)

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104261921A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-01-07 遵义榆苗生态农业有限责任公司 Method for circularly processing cow dung through earthworm composting pond
CN104892046A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-09-09 南京农业大学 Method for preparing earthworm fertilizer by circular process of tea leaves with earthworm
CN104909898A (en) * 2015-06-04 2015-09-16 贵州汇民力生物科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer containing wormcast and traditional Chinese medicine residue components and preparation method of organic fertilizer
CN105419809A (en) * 2015-10-31 2016-03-23 仇颖超 Preparation method of heavy metal contaminated soil biomass repair agent
CN105601346A (en) * 2015-12-19 2016-05-25 仇颖超 Preparation method of vinegar residue earthworm excrement slow-release particle organic fertilizer for prevention of soil borne disease
CN105646020A (en) * 2016-04-14 2016-06-08 吉林大学 Method for treating traditional Chinese medicine residues by earthworm composting
CN105728427A (en) * 2016-01-27 2016-07-06 陈国清 Method for treating organic garbage by earthworms cultivated by geothermal method
CN105801187A (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-07-27 华中农业大学 Integrated cow dung treatment and utilization method based on earthworm composting and vegetable cultivation
CN106107065A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-11-16 安徽省家牧动物营养科技有限公司 A kind of vermiculture feedstuff
CN106242648A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-21 柳州放心源农业有限公司 A kind of wormcast bio-feritlizer
CN106748420A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-31 陆文清 The method that biological organic fertilizer is processed using earthworm
CN106797918A (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-06-06 广东省农业科学院茶叶研究所 A kind of earthworm cultivation substratum and preparation method thereof
CN106977252A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-07-25 太仓市金诸农业发展有限公司 A kind of swine manure treatment method of ecological, environmental protective
CN107047938A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-08-18 河南龙之锦农业发展有限公司 A kind of method that integrated treatment is carried out to excrement dirt using earthworm
CN107082726A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-08-22 河南龙之锦农业发展有限公司 A kind of preparation method of flue-cured tobacco fertilizer special for organic using wormcast as matrix
CN107082658A (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-08-22 杨海军 The preparation method of wormcast organic fertilizer
CN107182941A (en) * 2017-04-16 2017-09-22 苫君强 For the preparation method for the base-material for cultivating the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function
CN108477081A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-09-04 赣州市畜牧研究所 A method of handling sheep manure using earthworm continuous high-efficient
CN108617596A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-10-09 赣州东山嘉禾现代农业有限公司 A method of utilizing the continuous breeding earthworm of inferior mushroom of White mushroom
CN109619048A (en) * 2019-02-14 2019-04-16 四川省内江市农业科学院 Raise the method for earthworm stage by stage using waste

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Cited By (22)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104261921A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-01-07 遵义榆苗生态农业有限责任公司 Method for circularly processing cow dung through earthworm composting pond
CN104261921B (en) * 2014-10-21 2016-05-18 遵义榆苗生态农业有限责任公司 The method of a kind of Vermicomposting pond circular treatment cow dung
CN104892046A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-09-09 南京农业大学 Method for preparing earthworm fertilizer by circular process of tea leaves with earthworm
CN104909898A (en) * 2015-06-04 2015-09-16 贵州汇民力生物科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer containing wormcast and traditional Chinese medicine residue components and preparation method of organic fertilizer
CN105419809A (en) * 2015-10-31 2016-03-23 仇颖超 Preparation method of heavy metal contaminated soil biomass repair agent
CN105601346A (en) * 2015-12-19 2016-05-25 仇颖超 Preparation method of vinegar residue earthworm excrement slow-release particle organic fertilizer for prevention of soil borne disease
CN105728427A (en) * 2016-01-27 2016-07-06 陈国清 Method for treating organic garbage by earthworms cultivated by geothermal method
CN105801187A (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-07-27 华中农业大学 Integrated cow dung treatment and utilization method based on earthworm composting and vegetable cultivation
CN105801187B (en) * 2016-02-25 2019-07-16 华中农业大学 Cow dung integrated treatment based on Vermicomposting and vegetable cultivation utilizes method
CN105646020A (en) * 2016-04-14 2016-06-08 吉林大学 Method for treating traditional Chinese medicine residues by earthworm composting
CN106107065A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-11-16 安徽省家牧动物营养科技有限公司 A kind of vermiculture feedstuff
CN106242648A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-21 柳州放心源农业有限公司 A kind of wormcast bio-feritlizer
CN106748420A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-31 陆文清 The method that biological organic fertilizer is processed using earthworm
CN106797918A (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-06-06 广东省农业科学院茶叶研究所 A kind of earthworm cultivation substratum and preparation method thereof
CN107182941A (en) * 2017-04-16 2017-09-22 苫君强 For the preparation method for the base-material for cultivating the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function
CN107082658A (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-08-22 杨海军 The preparation method of wormcast organic fertilizer
CN107047938A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-08-18 河南龙之锦农业发展有限公司 A kind of method that integrated treatment is carried out to excrement dirt using earthworm
CN107082726A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-08-22 河南龙之锦农业发展有限公司 A kind of preparation method of flue-cured tobacco fertilizer special for organic using wormcast as matrix
CN106977252A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-07-25 太仓市金诸农业发展有限公司 A kind of swine manure treatment method of ecological, environmental protective
CN108477081A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-09-04 赣州市畜牧研究所 A method of handling sheep manure using earthworm continuous high-efficient
CN108617596A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-10-09 赣州东山嘉禾现代农业有限公司 A method of utilizing the continuous breeding earthworm of inferior mushroom of White mushroom
CN109619048A (en) * 2019-02-14 2019-04-16 四川省内江市农业科学院 Raise the method for earthworm stage by stage using waste

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Application publication date: 20141008