CN104904669A - Scientific earthworm breeding method - Google Patents

Scientific earthworm breeding method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104904669A
CN104904669A CN201510286662.4A CN201510286662A CN104904669A CN 104904669 A CN104904669 A CN 104904669A CN 201510286662 A CN201510286662 A CN 201510286662A CN 104904669 A CN104904669 A CN 104904669A
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earthworm
breeding
temperature
scientific
days
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CN201510286662.4A
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王庆忠
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王庆忠
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Priority to CN201510286662.4A priority Critical patent/CN104904669A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • A01K67/0332Earthworms

Abstract

The invention relates to a scientific earthworm breeding method, which mainly comprises the following steps of 1, sealing the peripheries of breeding ponds with concrete structures to prevent earthworms from escaping, and forming water outlets, wherein the distance between every two adjacent ponds is 40 centimeters, and passages are 1 to 2 meters; 2, mixing and fermenting 40 percent of soil and 60 percent of organic auxiliary materials such as pig and cow manure and various straws to prepare a culture medium; 3, regulating breeding temperature and humidity conditions, wherein the temperature is 10 to 30 DEG C, the relative humidity is 60 to 70 percent, and the PH value is 6 to 8; 4, feeding larva, wherein the larva feeding density is 3,000 to 5,000 every square meter; 5, performing daily management, observing every day, adding a mixed organic material once every 20 days, and enlarging the breeding area in multiples every 40 days; 6, performing harvesting, wherein an illumination harvesting method is adopted. According to the scientific earthworm breeding method, scientific management such as fermentation of the culture medium and control over proper temperature, humidity, PH value, larva feeding density and the like is adopted, so that high earthworm breeding yield and short breeding cycle are ensured.

Description

The scientific culture method of earthworm
Technical field
The present invention relates to the artificial cultivating method of earthworm, belong to agricultural technology field.
Background technology
Earthworm has another name called cricket earthworm, Chinese medicine name earthworm, be a kind of software succulence, protein content reach 70% mollusk.Earthworm can utilize refuse and agricultural byproducts offcuts to be food, does not strive feed, can improve soil, improves the soil and make fertilizer, disposal of refuse, purifying city, improve health with other animal.The optimum protein feed resource of earthworm or pig, chicken, fish and various animal and famous and precious rare aquatic products.Earthworm is called as " SafeClean Utilities ", process town and country rubbish; The ight soil that it is discharged fragmentarily, is not only the organic manure of high-quality, but also is the high-protein feed of feeding livestock and poultry fishes and shrimps.Its exploitation in food, medicine etc., more and more receives the favor of people.Propagate earthworm artificially, raising recycles, and not only can reduce the cost of animal and fowl fodder, but also can shake off poverty and set out on the road to prosperity fast, and it will be produced developing agricultural and play an important role.
Propagating earthworm work artificially is an emerging cause, and the protein feeds that its can cultivate as poultry, fowl, fish etc. can utilize earthworm to improve soil, and cultivation soil fertility, can also process organic garbage of city, and change is given up as fertilizer, and elimination debirs are to the pollution of environment.Having many uses of earthworm, has high economic worth.Current propagate artificially earthworm specialist due to technology immature, grow up slow, earthworm of earthworm yields poorly, and can not meet the demand in market.
Summary of the invention
Earthworm is by its abundant nutritive value, and wide market prospects, the dark hobby by numerous raisers, the trend propagating earthworm artificially is expanding gradually, and existing the technology of scientific culture earthworm is shared out by I, allows more raiser develop skill, improves output.
The scientific culture method of earthworm is undertaken by step below: one, the construction of rearing pool, and size of digging pit is not limit, and bottom and surrounding are closed in case escape with xoncrete structure, and discharge outlet has switch, every cell compartment 40 centimetres, 1 ~ 2 meter, central gangway; Two, medium prepares: earth accounts for 40%, and pig cow dung just, various stalk, leaf, weeds, watermelon peel, rotten fruit, the organic matter such as orange material of mixing accounts for 60% and carry out mixing and spontaneous fermentation becomes medium; Three, temperature and humidity conditions is raised: temperature 10-30 DEG C, relative moisture are 60-70%, acidity-basicity ph value 6-8; Four, put seed class and density, seed is selected with peaceful No. 2, northern star No. 2 top grade earthworm seedlings, puts seedling density every square material input 3000-5000; Five, cultivate daily management, every day observes, and within 20 days, adds mixing organic material once, within every 40 days, can expand raising area at double; Six, collecting method, adopts illumination percentage recovery, with wire netting binding sieve (fixing with wood chip), and, utilize strong illumination medium, earthworm keeps in dark place, and To Be Protected from Heat, namely down bores, and namely obtains earthworm with sieve sieving bottom medium.
The modulation of feed and fermentation work are important substance basis and the key problem in technology of vermiculture.The feed resource of earthworm is very wide, and every nontoxic organic substance, as the ight soil of livestock and poultry, various plant organ, pericarp, bagasse, rotten fruit etc., after becoming thoroughly decomposed by fermentation, all can be used as the feed of earthworm.The growth and breeding of earthworm, needs multiple nutrients material, and main nutritive index is carbon-nitrogen ratio.Nitrogen feed and carbon element feed should not be used alone, and must arrange in pairs or groups in right amount, and its ratio is adjusted between 20-30.Earthworm is Omnivore, requires nutritious organic substance.
In the growth and development process of earthworm, temperature has more important impact to it, and temperature, lower than 5 DEG C or higher than 30 DEG C, is all unfavorable for earthworm flourish, when being down to 7 DEG C at temperature, just occurs a large amount of escape phenomenon of earthworm, if just may freeze to death below 0 DEG C.The growth temperature of earthworm is between 5-30 DEG C, and the most applicable temperature is 20 DEG C.
Earthworm is aerobic motion, by dermal respiration, therefore requires that the feed oxygen of culturing bed is sufficient, must ventilation, and light feed, ensures sufficient oxygen, and earthworm could well-grown, otherwise will grow and be obstructed, and body colour obfuscation is not fresh, is slow in action.The growth and breeding of earthworm and the pH value of feed have close relationship, and general accommodation is between PH6.0-8.0, and optimum is PH7.0, exceedes this scope, and earthworm there will be dehydration, exsiccation, atrophy, and body colour blackening is purple, feels pure late, the phenomenons such as escape outward.
When earthworm body weight most of in bed has reached 400-500 milligram hour, and when every square metre of density reaches 1.5-2 ten thousand, can collect-partly become earthworm.
The beneficial effect of the scientific culture method of earthworm is: the scientific culture method of earthworm can utilize easy concrete sump, earth and some mixed and disorderly organic waste materials co-fermentation are made into medium, can cross control to be applicable to temperature, humidity, this acid-base value, put the management of the science such as seedling density, breeding earthworm output is large, the culture-cycle is short, for market provides the earthworm resource of high-quality, meet the demand of society.
Embodiment
The scientific culture method of earthworm is mainly implemented to carry out by step below.
One, feeding facility.Build pond: size of digging pit is not limit, bottom and surrounding are closed in case escape with xoncrete structure, and discharge outlet has switch, every cell compartment 40 centimetres; Three-dimensional to raise: built, build groove, every interlayer is every 40 centimetres; Or with wooden case, basket, basin, cylinder, indoor windrow.
Two, the preparation of feed.Do the combination earth collocation of " three property " feed: earth 40%, " three property " feed, i.e. animal thing feed: pig cow dung etc.; Vegetable feed: various stalk, leaf, weeds etc.; Fruit feed: watermelon peel, rotten fruit, orange etc.First and third class feed accounts for 60% substantially, and mixing and spontaneous fermentation become material.
Three, temperature and humidity conditions.(1) optimum temperature 10-30 DEG C.Hide a little in the winter time, do not allow earthworm hibernation, but can not be exposed to the sun and drench with rain.(2) earthworm is not high to humidity requirement, and relative moisture is 60-70%, generally directly drops into by fresh cow dung, if stack partially dry too for a long time, can slightly spray a little water, moisture rests in holding material, and water breakthrough pearl between finger but do not drip is advisable.Acidity-basicity ph value 6-8.
Four, put seed class and density, first in vermiculture pond (or wooden case, indoor floor on), fresh cow dung 15-20 centimetres of tiling, then cover plant seedling (every square of material input 3000-5000 is advisable) thereon, kind with peaceful No. 2, No. 2, northern star is excellent.
Five, the daily management of breeding earthworm.General every day observes once, and within 20 days, feed in raw material once, method is the same.Within every 40 days, raising area can be expanded at double.Generally every 40 days is a cycle, within 1 year, can support 9 batches.
Six, the collecting method of earthworm.With wire netting binding sieve (fixing with wood chip), then earthworm is connected soil and be placed on sieve, under being placed on sunshine, earthworm keeps in dark place, and To Be Protected from Heat, namely down bores, and putting a plate under sieve can collect earthworm.The processing of earthworm does not belong to the scope of this explanation.

Claims (1)

1. the scientific culture method of earthworm is characterized in that being undertaken by step below: one, the construction of rearing pool, and size of digging pit is not limit, and bottom and surrounding are closed in case escape with xoncrete structure, and discharge outlet has switch, every cell compartment 40 centimetres, 1 ~ 2 meter, central gangway; Two, medium prepares: earth accounts for 40%, and pig cow dung just, various stalk, leaf, weeds, watermelon peel, rotten fruit, the organic matter such as orange material of mixing accounts for 60% and carry out mixing and spontaneous fermentation becomes medium; Three, temperature and humidity conditions is raised: temperature 10-30 DEG C, relative moisture are 60-70%, acidity-basicity ph value 6-8; Four, put seed class and density, seed is selected with peaceful No. 2, northern star No. 2 top grade earthworm seedlings, puts seedling density every square material input 3000-5000; Five, cultivate daily management, every day observes, and within 20 days, adds mixing organic material once, within every 40 days, can expand raising area at double; Six, collecting method, adopts illumination percentage recovery, with wire netting binding sieve (fixing with wood chip), and, utilize strong illumination medium, earthworm keeps in dark place, and To Be Protected from Heat, namely down bores, and namely obtains earthworm with sieve sieving bottom medium.
CN201510286662.4A 2015-05-30 2015-05-30 Scientific earthworm breeding method Pending CN104904669A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105191870A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-30 苏东红 Method for artificially breeding medicinal earthworms in box
CN105191869A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-30 苏东红 Method for artificially breeding medicinal earthworms in soil pit
CN105557642A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-05-11 遵义师范学院 Method and device for culturing pheretimas in organic tea garden
CN105766811A (en) * 2016-04-05 2016-07-20 林植福 Earthworm breeding method
CN106614390A (en) * 2016-09-27 2017-05-10 陈雨 Method using tunnel to culture organic earthworms
CN107372369A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-11-24 广西桂平市石龙镇江夏种养专业合作社 A kind of method of efficiently cultivating large area earthworm
CN107410220A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-12-01 海南星农夫生态科技有限公司 A kind of sylvan life strip-type cultural method of earthworm

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2074845C1 (en) * 1994-11-09 1997-03-10 Протопопов Николай Фомич Winter method of vermicultivation

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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RU2074845C1 (en) * 1994-11-09 1997-03-10 Протопопов Николай Фомич Winter method of vermicultivation

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Title
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胡成玉等: "蚯蚓养殖技术的研究进展", 《湖南饲料》 *
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105191870A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-30 苏东红 Method for artificially breeding medicinal earthworms in box
CN105191869A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-30 苏东红 Method for artificially breeding medicinal earthworms in soil pit
CN105191869B (en) * 2015-09-30 2019-02-12 苏东红 A kind of method of the interior medicinal earthworm of artificial breeding of heatable adobe sleeping platform
CN105191870B (en) * 2015-09-30 2019-02-15 苏东红 The method of the medicinal earthworm of artificial breeding in one plants case
CN105557642B (en) * 2015-12-31 2018-06-19 遵义师范学院 A kind of cultural method and its device of organic tea garden Pheretimatschiliensis
CN105557642A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-05-11 遵义师范学院 Method and device for culturing pheretimas in organic tea garden
CN105766811B (en) * 2016-04-05 2019-04-16 林植福 A kind of earthworm culture method
CN105766811A (en) * 2016-04-05 2016-07-20 林植福 Earthworm breeding method
CN106614390A (en) * 2016-09-27 2017-05-10 陈雨 Method using tunnel to culture organic earthworms
CN107410220A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-12-01 海南星农夫生态科技有限公司 A kind of sylvan life strip-type cultural method of earthworm
CN107372369A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-11-24 广西桂平市石龙镇江夏种养专业合作社 A kind of method of efficiently cultivating large area earthworm

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Application publication date: 20150916