CN102020493B - Green agricultural recycling production method taking earthworm cultivation as basis - Google Patents

Green agricultural recycling production method taking earthworm cultivation as basis Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102020493B
CN102020493B CN2010102680374A CN201010268037A CN102020493B CN 102020493 B CN102020493 B CN 102020493B CN 2010102680374 A CN2010102680374 A CN 2010102680374A CN 201010268037 A CN201010268037 A CN 201010268037A CN 102020493 B CN102020493 B CN 102020493B
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China
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parts
weight
earthworm
fermentation
vermiculture
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CN2010102680374A
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CN102020493A (en
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李晓明
郭新荣
李康定
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Northwest A&F University
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李晓明
郭新荣
李康定
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention relates to a green agricultural recycling production method taking earthworm cultivation as the basis, comprising the following steps of: (1) mixing and then fermenting livestock excrements and a crop addition material, wherein the crop addition material is one or more of cotton seed peels, straws, corncobs and wheat straw hoods; (2) cultivating earthworms by using fermentation products; (3) piling up and mixing earthworm excrements generated by the earthworms and the crop addition material at the temperature of 55-65 DEG C to be used for cultivating edible fungi; (4) mixing edible fungus dregs producing the edible fungi, the earthworms, the earthworm excrements with grain and then carrying out microbial fermentation; (5) cultivating livestock by utilizing the fermentation products; and (6) adding the crop addition material to the livestock excrements generated by the livestock, and repeatedly carrying out the step (1) to the step (6). The invention solves the technical problems of germ virus and drug residues in crops and meat, eggs and milk in the prior and has the advantages of resource saving and environmental protection.

Description

Green agriculture circulation producing method based on vermiculture
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agriculture circulation producing method.
Background technology
In recent years, in China's livestock and poultry breeding industry, because harmful feed addictive and drug abuse, the little ecological disturbance of domestic animal body, the animal product Chinese traditional medicine is residual to have arrived indubitable stage.This not only is harmful to the healthy of consumers in general, has more influenced China's livestock products and has entered the international market.Germ virus and the medicament residue of minimizing in stopping crops, meat, eggs and milk become the big problem that the development green agriculture presses for solution.
Vermiculture quite has scale as an industry, and the earthworm product also is widely used in fields such as industry, agricultural, medicine, environmental protection, herding, food and light industry.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve germ virus in crops in the prior art, the meat, eggs and milk and the technical problem of medicament residue, the invention provides a kind of green agriculture circulation producing method based on vermiculture.
Technical solution of the present invention is:
A kind of green agriculture circulation producing method based on vermiculture, its special character is: may further comprise the steps:
Step 1] with animal waste and crops additive mixing after fermentation; Described crops additive is one or more in cotton seed skin, stalk, corncob and the wheat straw;
Step 2] utilize step 1] in the tunning breeding earthworm;
Step 3] with step 2] in earthworm the earthworm ight soil and the crops additive that produce pile up, mix the back at 55 ℃-65 ℃ for culturing edible fungus;
Step 4] will undergo microbial fermentation after the bacterium slag behind the output edible mushroom, earthworm, earthworm ight soil and the grain mixing;
Step 5] utilize step 4] in tunning culture domestic animal;
Step 6] in step 5] in add the crops additive in the poultry manure that produces of domestic animal, repeat step 1] to step 6].
Above-mentioned steps 1] in the parts by weight of animal waste be 5-7 part, the parts by weight of crops additive are 3-6 part, fermentation time 18 days-22 days, 20 ℃-50 ℃ of fermentation temperatures.
Above-mentioned steps 4] in the parts by weight of each material be 13 parts of edible fungi residues, 4 parts of earthworms, 10 parts in earthworm ight soil, 73 parts in grain, fermentation time is 13 days~17 days, fermentation temperature is 20 ℃-30 ℃.
Above-mentioned steps 4] described in animal waste be swine excrement, cow dung just and/or chicken manure just.
Above-mentioned steps 5] in domestic animal be pig, ox and/or chicken.
Cow dung parts by weight just are 5 parts, and the parts by weight of crops additive are 5 parts;
Or the parts by weight of swine excrement are 6 parts, and the parts by weight of crops additive are 4 parts;
Or chicken manure parts by weight just are 4 parts, and the parts by weight of crops additive are 6 parts;
Or the parts by weight of animal waste mixture are 7 parts, and the parts by weight of crops additive are 3 parts.
Above-mentioned steps 1] in fermentation time be 20 days, fermentation temperature is 30 ℃.
Above-mentioned steps 6] fermentation time is 15 days, fermentation temperature: 25 ℃.
The beneficial effect that the present invention has:
1, the present invention proposes green agriculture circulation producing method based on vermiculture, transform by earthworm and make multiple discarded object, pollutant regeneration, become the useful circulation means of production, economize on resources, environmental protection.
2, the present invention produce to be closed by the link of keeping under strict control, and stops harmful substance and enters endless-chain, and the agricultural product that produce are nature, ecology, organic, safe agricultural product.
3, the present invention utilizes bacterium stock raising poultry to grow soon, increase weight many.
4, the present invention can be recycling with animal waste, guarantees that manure pit is with fresh air, and turn waste into wealth.
5, observing under various poultry manures of the present invention and the proportioning of crops additive proportioning, various edible mushroom, grain and earthworm, various reaction temperature and the situation in reaction time, the means of production productive rate that the present invention produces is the highest.
Embodiment
Green agriculture circulation producing method based on vermiculture may further comprise the steps:
Step 1] with animal waste and stalk mixing after fermentation; The parts by weight of animal waste are 5-7 part, and the parts by weight of crops additive are 3-6 part, 18 days-22 days time of fermentation, and 20 ℃-50 ℃ of fermentation temperatures, wherein the crops additive is one or more in cotton seed skin, stalk, corncob and the wheat straw;
Cow dung parts by weight just are 5 parts, and the parts by weight of crops additive are 5 parts;
Or the parts by weight of swine excrement are 6 parts, and the parts by weight of crops additive are 4 parts;
Or chicken manure parts by weight just are 4 parts, and the parts by weight of crops additive are 6 parts;
Or the parts by weight of animal waste mixture are 7 parts, and the parts by weight of crops additive are 3 parts.
Step 2] utilize step 1] in the tunning breeding earthworm;
Step 3] with step 2] in earthworm the earthworm ight soil and the stalk that produce carry out 60 ° of accumulation of high temperature, mix the back for culturing edible fungus;
Step 4] will undergo microbial fermentation after the bacterium slag behind the output edible mushroom, earthworm, earthworm ight soil and the grain mixing: the parts by weight of each material are 13 parts of edible fungi residues, 4 parts of earthworms, 10 parts in earthworm ight soil, 73 parts in grain, fermentation time is 13 days~17 days, and fermentation temperature is 20 ℃-30 ℃.It is 15 days that general selection fermentation takes seeking time, and fermentation requires temperature: 25 ℃ for optimum.
Step 5] utilize step 4] in tunning culture domestic animal;
Step 6] in step 5] in add the crops additive in the poultry manure that produces of domestic animal, repeat step 1] to step 6].Animal waste be swine excrement, cow dung just and/or chicken manure just; Domestic animal is pig, ox and/or chicken;
Zymotechnique:
1, prepares: be ready to feces of livestock and poultry, stalk, fermentation place, vermiculture pond, fermentation plastic foil, operation tool etc.
2, join dunghill system: prepare fermenting mixture in proportion in the fermentation place; Regulate the scope of ph value and moisture requirement; It is circular or square to pile bar shaped by site condition.The loam cake film, with soil pressure well around, under 30 ℃, enter yeastiness, suitable position inserts thermometer on fermentation heap.
3, yeastiness is handled: take off the film turning when the first defective material heart temperature rises to more than 65 ℃.Turning requires to intercourse up and down.Readjust ph and moisture, repeat fermentation process for the first time.
4, fill out the pond: ferment after twice, take off film and observe ph value, moisture, just can directly fill out a breeding earthworm as the normal free from extraneous odour of color.
Embodiment one: enumerate the instantiation of green agriculture circulation producing method from step 1 to step 6 based on vermiculture, just step 1 to step 6 is described in detail one time.
Embodiment two: enumerate and utilize animal waste and crops additive to be the instantiation of method from step 1 to step 5 of raw material breeding earthworm and culturing edible fungus.
Embodiment two: enumerate and utilize animal waste and stalk to be the instantiation of method from step 1 to step 4 of raw material breeding earthworm and domestic animal.
Effect of the present invention:
The present invention must strictly carry out various poultry manures and the proportioning of crops additive proportioning, various edible mushroom, grain and earthworm, various reaction temperature and the situation in reaction time, just can make effect of the present invention reach optimization.
Be equipped with concentrated feed microbial bacterial agent forage fermentation to raise pigs with self-produced edible fungi residue, earthworm ight soil, earthworm.Calculate from the feed consumption of pig, the present invention mainly raises pigs with the fermentation product of edible fungi residue, earthworm ight soil, earthworm, the cost of every pig is than being that raw material is directly raised pigs and can be lacked with corn 120-160 jin, 14 jin of fish meal, 20 jin of concentrate feeds, wheat bran 60-80 jin with grain, save 160~180 yuan, raise pigs than routine simultaneously and overcharge benefit more than 200 yuan, the excrement dirt of producing all recycling, the inventive method presents the minimizing of recycling economy, reduce the use of aquaculture corn, fish meal, concentrate feed, reduced the discharging of excrement dirt.

Claims (7)

1. green agriculture circulation producing method based on vermiculture is characterized in that: may further comprise the steps:
Step 1] with animal waste and crops additive mixing after fermentation; Described crops additive is one or more in cotton seed skin, stalk, corncob and the wheat straw;
Step 2] utilize step 1] in the tunning breeding earthworm;
Step 3] with step 2] in earthworm the earthworm ight soil and the crops additive that produce pile up, mix the back at 55 ℃-65 ℃ for culturing edible fungus;
Step 4] will undergo microbial fermentation after the bacterium slag behind the output edible mushroom, earthworm, earthworm ight soil and the grain mixing;
Step 5] utilize step 4] in tunning culture domestic animal;
Step 6] in step 5] in add the crops additive in the ight soil that produces of domestic animal, repeat step 1] to step 6].
2. the green agriculture circulation producing method based on vermiculture according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described step 1] in the parts by weight of animal waste be 5-7 part, the parts by weight of crops additive are 3-6 part, fermentation time 18 days-22 days, 20 ℃-50 ℃ of fermentation temperatures.
3. the green agriculture circulation producing method based on vermiculture according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described step 4] in the parts by weight of each material be 13 parts of edible fungi residues, 4 parts of earthworms, 10 parts in earthworm ight soil, 73 parts in grain, fermentation time is 13 days~17 days, and fermentation temperature is 20 ℃-30 ℃.
4. the green agriculture circulation producing method based on vermiculture according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described step 1] described in animal waste be swine excrement and/or cow dung just.
5. the green agriculture circulation producing method based on vermiculture according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described step 5] in domestic animal be pig and/or ox.
6. the green agriculture circulation producing method based on vermiculture according to claim 5 is characterized in that:
Cow dung parts by weight just are 5 parts, and the parts by weight of crops additive are 5 parts;
Or the parts by weight of swine excrement are 6 parts, and the parts by weight of crops additive are 4 parts;
Or the parts by weight of animal waste mixture are 7 parts, and the parts by weight of crops additive are 3 parts.
7. the green agriculture circulation producing method based on vermiculture according to claim 6 is characterized in that: described step 1] in fermentation time be 20 days, fermentation temperature is 30 ℃.
CN2010102680374A 2010-09-01 2010-09-01 Green agricultural recycling production method taking earthworm cultivation as basis Expired - Fee Related CN102020493B (en)

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Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102273427B (en) * 2011-08-17 2013-04-17 佛山科学技术学院 Method for raising ecological health-care grass jelly chickens
CN103073343B (en) * 2013-01-08 2014-12-17 李庆康 Low-carbon, environment-friendly and efficient organic vegetable culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN103907570A (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-07-09 湖州市农业科学研究院 Method of breeding earthworms and cultivating soft-shelled turtles in mulberry land by water hyacinth
CN103980018A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-13 太仓绿丰农业生物基质有限公司 Method for manufacturing tomato planting matrix
CN104488827A (en) * 2014-11-30 2015-04-08 刘长华 Method for breeding earthworms by aid of chicken manure
CN104770599A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-07-15 天津师范大学 Germ bran feed for earthworms and a preparation method and an application thereof
CN106831008A (en) * 2017-02-16 2017-06-13 余启佳 A kind of willow utilizes organic fertilizer implantation methods
CN107018793A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-08-08 明光市泰丰新材料有限公司 A kind of agricultural production method of environmental protection
CN107473859A (en) * 2017-09-25 2017-12-15 芜湖诚德农业科技有限公司 A kind of method that fermenting bed padding based on breeding earthworm prepares organic fertilizer
CN111133954A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-05-12 德令哈伊明农牧有限公司 Ecological comprehensive utilization method of safflower seed shells

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CN101524112A (en) * 2009-04-16 2009-09-09 权国柱 Circulation process of environment-friendly treatment system of feces and the like waste in breeding farm

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Address after: 712100 Shaanxi Province Tai Road No. 3 in Yangling demonstration zone

Patentee after: Northwest A & F University

Address before: 712100 School of resource and environment, Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, Yangling District, Shaanxi, Xi'an

Patentee before: Li Xiaoming

Patentee before: Guo Xinrong

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