CN103664287B - A kind of biological organic fertilizer utilizing waterplant to prepare - Google Patents

A kind of biological organic fertilizer utilizing waterplant to prepare Download PDF

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CN103664287B
CN103664287B CN201310600965.XA CN201310600965A CN103664287B CN 103664287 B CN103664287 B CN 103664287B CN 201310600965 A CN201310600965 A CN 201310600965A CN 103664287 B CN103664287 B CN 103664287B
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organic fertilizer
waterplant
biological organic
trace
poultry
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CN103664287A (en
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江瀚
孟凡清
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SHANGHAI CHUANGBO ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI CHUANGBO ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of biological organic fertilizer utilizing waterplant to prepare, after specifically waterplant being pulverized, after mixing with feces of livestock and poultry, dregs of beans, coal ash, trace element, active bacteria and suitable quantity of water, make after fermentation, granulation, oven dry, cooling, screening.Biological organic fertilizer prepared by method of the present invention has that viable count is high, nutrient content is many, degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed high; Preparation method of the present invention adopts with waste waterplant, if Herba Eichhorniae, reed, wild rice stem and pasture and water etc. are for main raw material, be equipped with the composition such as feces of livestock and poultry, dregs of beans, fermentation maturity forms.Use fertilizer of the present invention effectively can improve beneficial microbe colony in soil, and for a long time constantly for crop provides growth nutrient, thus can improve the output of crop.

Description

A kind of biological organic fertilizer utilizing waterplant to prepare
Technical field
The present invention relates to biological organic fertilizer field, particularly relate to a kind of biological organic fertilizer prepared for main raw material with waterplant, fowl and animal excrement and dregs of beans.
Background technology
Fertilizer refers to and derives from plant and (or) animal, through biological substance, animals and plants waste, plant residue processing, hazardous and noxious substances is wherein eliminated in the process of processing, therefore be rich in a large amount of benefit materials in fertilizer, comprise: multiple organic acid, peptide class and comprise the abundant nutritive element of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium.Can not only provide full nutrition for farm crop, and fertilizer efficiency is long, can increases and upgrade the soil organism, promote the breeding of microorganism, improving physico-chemical property and the biological activity of soil, is the Main Nutrients of pollution-free food production.
Fertilizer mainly with people or the ight soil of poultry and the remains of plant for main raw material, such as patent CN101993813A discloses a kind of method of useless biological cycle recycling, specifically disclose a kind of waste collections such as the movement of people livestock and poultry, food residual refuse, wastes of crops, deadwood, fallen leaves, utilize fermentable to produce the method for biogas and fertilizer.The method is passed through the process of fertilizer Concentrated fermentation, thus creates biogas and organic fertilizer.But the preparation process described in this patent is loaded down with trivial details, and step is more, is unfavorable for widespread use.
Situation at present due to the enriching pollutants in river, lake is day by day serious, and aquatic plants growth is rapid.Hydrobiont, according to mode of life, can be divided into: the large class of floatingleaved plant, pleuston, submerged plant and emergent four, may be used at first viewing and admiring and purified water source etc.But improperly waterplant will be caused to spread on a large scale owing to cultivating, a large amount of waterplant floats on river course lake surface, easy blocking river course, affect shipping, hinder irrigation and drainage, also easily make other hydrobiological anoxic or stop growing, thus reduce product, the quality of fishery products, destroy fish production, also destroy the eubiosis in local river or lake.
Wherein the waterplant of a large amount of procreation is based on Herba Eichhorniae, reed, pasture and water, containing abundant Mierocrystalline cellulose, protein, amino acid, carotene and trace element in these waterplant, but the fertilizer machine preparation method not based on waterplant in existing technology is those skilled in the art's problem demanding prompt solutions.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of is main raw material with waterplant, and the biological organic fertilizer efficient, nutrient content is high, to solve the vacancy of waterplant fertilizer preparation field in prior art.
A first aspect of the present invention provides a kind of biological organic fertilizer utilizing waterplant to prepare, and the part by weight of its composition mixing comprises:
Waterplant, is preferably 30-70 part, is more preferably 40-60 part;
Feces of livestock and poultry, is preferably 20-50 part, is more preferably 20-40 part;
Dregs of beans, is preferably 5-25 part, is more preferably 10-20 part;
Coal ash, is preferably 3-12 part, is more preferably 5-10 part;
Trace element, is preferably 1-5 part, is more preferably 1-3 part;
Active bacteria, is preferably 0.1-1.5 part, is more preferably 0.3-1 part.
Wherein, above-mentioned waterplant be fish for from rivers and lakes Herba Eichhorniae, reed, wild rice stem, pasture and water or other plant residual body;
Above-mentioned feces of livestock and poultry is preferably the cultivation ight soil of pig, ox, sheep, horse, donkey, dog, chicken, duck, goose etc.
Preferably, above-mentioned feces of livestock and poultry is the ight soil of gained after dehydration, is beneficial to preserve and use.
Above-mentioned dregs of beans is by product remaining after beans product extracting bean oil, and beans product is preferably soybean.
Above-mentioned coal ash is the powder formed after coal-fired boiler combustion.
Above-mentioned trace element be chelating amino acids and/or the iron of humic acid chelating, boron, zinc, copper, manganese, one or more mixture in molybdenum.
Above-mentioned active bacteria, counts by weight, comprising:
Lignin fungi 15-30 part;
Cellulase preparation 1-10 part;
Wherein, described lignin fungi comprises one or both the mixture in whiterot fungi or subtilis;
Described cellulase preparation is two or more blended solid fermented product in the mould and aspergillus of wood.
Preferably, the preparation method of described active bacteria, further comprising the steps of:
Step 1, by whiterot fungi after solid-substrate fermentation, adds sorbent material, and the weight of sorbent material is 10-15 times of culture substrate, and drying and crushing obtains whiterot fungi powder, obtains lignin fungi wherein;
Step 2, by two or more blended solids fermentation in mould for wood and aspergillus, fermented product drying and crushing obtains cellulase preparation;
Step 3, by obtained lignin fungi and cellulase preparation by weight (15-30): (1-10) mixes, obtained required active bacteria.
Preferably, described whiterot fungi >=0.5 hundred million cfu/g, are more preferably 0.5-20 hundred million cfu/g, are more preferably 0.5-15 hundred million cfu/g, are more preferably 0.5-10 hundred million cfu/g, are more preferably 0.5-5 hundred million cfu/g.
Preferably, described subtilis >=0.2 hundred million cfu/g, are more preferably 0.2-20 hundred million cfu/g, are more preferably 0.2-15 hundred million cfu/g, are more preferably 0.2-10 hundred million cfu/g, are more preferably 0.2-5 hundred million cfu/g, are more preferably 0.2-2 hundred million cfu/g.
A second aspect of the present invention provides a kind of method preparing above-mentioned biological organic fertilizer, and its step comprises:
After waterplant is pulverized, after mixing with feces of livestock and poultry, dregs of beans, coal ash, trace element, active bacteria and suitable quantity of water, make after fermentation, granulation, oven dry, cooling, screening.
Preferably, the length that the plant of waterplant is ground into is preferably 1-20cm, is more preferably 1-10cm, be more preferably 1-3cm.
Preferably, waterplant and other are prepared burden when mixing, add water and regulate moisture to range preferably from 30-70%, be more preferably 40-60%.
Preferably, temperature >=5 DEG C of fermentation, are more preferably 5-40 DEG C, are more preferably 15-35 DEG C.
Preferably, fermentation time >=10d, is more preferably 10-30d, is more preferably 15-25d, most preferably is 25d.
The biological organic fertilizer adopting above-mentioned method to prepare has that viable count is high, nutrient content is many, degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed high.
Above-mentioned preparation method adopts with waste waterplant for main raw material, and be equipped with the composition such as feces of livestock and poultry, dregs of beans, fermentation maturity forms.It is using the beneficial microbe colony that can improve in soil, and for a long time constantly for crop provides growth nutrient, can improve the functions such as the output of crop.
Fertilizer of the present invention and preparation method thereof also has following beneficial effect or advantage:
1, preparation method takes full advantage of waste waterplant, is pulverized secondary fermentation and becomes thoroughly decomposed, utilization of waste material, turn waste into wealth, and not only solves a large amount of waterplant and banks up and the environmental pollution caused, also for plant growth provides required nutrient;
2, the biological organic fertilizer produced of the present invention, the nutrient contents such as organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium are many, can provide more, more fully nutrient after using for plant growth, promote that Crop utilizes, growth promoting effects,
3, the present invention with the addition of dregs of beans, in fermentation maturity process, can increase the content of the small-molecule substance such as amino acid, VITAMIN in biological organic fertilizer, and these small-molecule substances are also nutrients needed for plant growth, simultaneously oil recovery enhancement.
4, add active bacteria, the beneficial microorganism in fertilizer can be increased, not only can promote the quick composting of compost, and enter soil after a procedure and can breed rapidly, growth vigor flora, improvement soil, suppress harmful microorganism growth, reduce disease;
5, the present invention also added a certain amount of trace element, has enriched content and the kind of nutrient in biological organic fertilizer, synergy, more fully promotes that Crop utilizes;
6, biological organic fertilizer of the present invention adopts the mode of granulating, and prevents the loss using rear nutrient;
7, the present invention is by feces of livestock and poultry and waterplant compost fermentation, waterplant can be realized resource utilization rate higher, thus turn waste into wealth.
8, preparation method of the present invention is easy and simple to handle, is easy to extensive popularization.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention will be further described, but not as limiting to the invention.
embodiment 1
A kind of efficient biologic-organic fertilizer utilizing waterplant to prepare is prepared by following parts by weight of raw materials:
Described waterplant is the waterplant plant residue fished in rivers and lakes, and the disconnected bar pulverized as 1cm after collecting is for subsequent use.
Described feces of livestock and poultry is the cultivation ight soil of pig, chicken, gained after dehydration;
Described dregs of beans is the remaining by product of soybean extracting bean oil;
Described coal ash is the powder formed after coal-fired boiler combustion;
That described trace element comprises chelating amino acids and/or humic acid chelating iron, boron, zinc, copper, manganese, molybdenum;
Described active bacteria is preferably whiterot fungi, Trichoderma and aspergillus tubigensis mixed fermentation and makes, and also can be straw decomposing inoculant;
Its preparation method is, after being pulverized by waterplant, after mixing, make after fermentation, granulation, oven dry, cooling, screening with feces of livestock and poultry, dregs of beans, coal ash, trace element, active bacteria and suitable quantity of water.
Concrete, prepared by weight by above-mentioned raw materials, be uniformly mixed, regulate moisture between 40%, outside temperature remains on 25 DEG C, ferments after 25 days, granulation, oven dry, cooling, screening make required organic fertilizer particles.
embodiment 2
A kind of efficient biologic-organic fertilizer utilizing waterplant to prepare is prepared by following parts by weight of raw materials:
Described waterplant is the waterplant plant residue fished in rivers and lakes, and the disconnected bar pulverized as 3cm after collecting is for subsequent use.
Described feces of livestock and poultry is the cultivation ight soil of chicken, duck, gained after dehydration;
Described dregs of beans is the remaining by product of soybean extracting bean oil;
Described coal ash is the powder formed after coal-fired boiler combustion;
Described trace element be chelating amino acids and/or iron, boron, zinc, the copper of humic acid chelating;
Described active bacteria is preferably bacillus subtilis, aspergillus and Trichoderma mixed fermentation and makes, and also can be straw decomposing inoculant;
Its preparation method is, after being pulverized by waterplant, after mixing, make after fermentation, granulation, oven dry, cooling, screening with feces of livestock and poultry, dregs of beans, coal ash, trace element, active bacteria and suitable quantity of water.
Concrete, prepared by weight by above-mentioned raw materials, be uniformly mixed, regulate moisture between 50%, outside temperature remains on 20 DEG C, ferments after 30 days, granulation again, oven dry, cooling, screening make required organic fertilizer particles.
embodiment 3
A kind of efficient biologic-organic fertilizer utilizing waterplant to prepare is prepared by following parts by weight of raw materials:
Described waterplant is the waterplant plant residue fished in rivers and lakes, and the disconnected bar pulverized as 2cm after collecting is for subsequent use.
Described feces of livestock and poultry is the cultivation ight soil of ox, sheep, gained after dehydration;
Described dregs of beans is the remaining by product of soybean extracting bean oil;
Described coal ash is the powder formed after coal-fired boiler combustion;
Described trace element be chelating amino acids and/or iron, zinc, copper, the manganese of humic acid chelating;
Described active bacteria is preferably whiterot fungi, aspergillus and Trichoderma mixed fermentation and makes, and also can be straw decomposing inoculant;
Its preparation method is, after being pulverized by waterplant, after mixing, make after fermentation, granulation, oven dry, cooling, screening with feces of livestock and poultry, dregs of beans, coal ash, trace element, active bacteria and suitable quantity of water.
Concrete, prepared by weight by above-mentioned raw materials, be uniformly mixed, regulate moisture between 60%, outside temperature remains on 30 DEG C, ferments after 20 days, then carry out granulation, oven dry, cooling, screening make required organic fertilizer particles.
embodiment 4
A kind of efficient biologic-organic fertilizer utilizing waterplant to prepare is prepared by following parts by weight of raw materials:
Described waterplant is the waterplant plant residue fished in rivers and lakes, and the disconnected bar pulverized as 3cm after collecting is for subsequent use.
Described feces of livestock and poultry is the cultivation ight soil of pig, ox, gained after dehydration;
Described dregs of beans is the remaining by product of soybean extracting bean oil;
Described coal ash is the powder formed after coal-fired boiler combustion;
Described trace element be chelating amino acids and/or iron, boron, zinc, copper, manganese, the molybdenum of humic acid chelating;
Described active bacteria is preferably bacillus subtilis, mould, the aspergillus of wood and white mould bacterium and is mixed, and also can be straw decomposing inoculant;
Its preparation method is, after being pulverized by waterplant, after mixing, make after fermentation, granulation, oven dry, cooling, screening with feces of livestock and poultry, dregs of beans, coal ash, trace element, active bacteria and suitable quantity of water.
Concrete, prepared by weight by above-mentioned raw materials, be uniformly mixed, regulate moisture between 50%, outside temperature remains on 25 DEG C, ferments after 30 days, granulation, oven dry, cooling, screening make required organic fertilizer particles.
Be described in detail specific embodiments of the invention above, but it is as example, the present invention is not restricted to specific embodiment described above.To those skilled in the art, any equivalent modifications that this practicality is carried out and substituting also all among category of the present invention.Therefore, equalization conversion done without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention and amendment, all should contain within the scope of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. the biological organic fertilizer utilizing waterplant to prepare, is characterized in that, described biological organic fertilizer comprises according to part by weight:
Waterplant is 30-70 part;
Feces of livestock and poultry is 20-50 part;
Dregs of beans is 5-25 part;
Coal ash is 3-12 part;
Trace element is 1-5 part;
Active bacteria is 0.1-1.5 part;
Described active bacteria is counted by weight, comprising:
Lignin fungi 15-30 part;
Cellulase preparation 1-10 part;
Wherein, described lignin fungi comprises one or both the mixture in whiterot fungi or subtilis;
Described cellulase preparation is wooden mould and aspergillus two kinds of blended solid fermented products;
Particularly, the step of the preparation method of described biological organic fertilizer comprises:
After waterplant is pulverized, after mixing with feces of livestock and poultry, dregs of beans, coal ash, trace element, active bacteria and suitable quantity of water, make after fermentation, granulation, oven dry, cooling, screening.
2. biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described trace element is one or more the element in iron, boron, zinc, copper, manganese or molybdenum.
3. biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described trace element be chelating amino acids and/or the iron of humic acid chelating, boron, zinc, copper, manganese, one or more mixture in molybdenum.
4. biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described waterplant comprises one or more the mixture in Herba Eichhorniae, reed, wild rice stem or pasture and water.
5. biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the length that the plant of described waterplant is ground into is 1-20cm.
6. biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described waterplant with other prepare burden mix time, add water and regulate moisture scope to be 30-70%.
7. biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described leavening temperature >=5 DEG C.
8. biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described fermentation time >=10d.
CN201310600965.XA 2013-11-22 2013-11-22 A kind of biological organic fertilizer utilizing waterplant to prepare Active CN103664287B (en)

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CN104016740A (en) * 2014-06-12 2014-09-03 曹荣福 Zizania aquatica production increase fertilizer
CN105254449A (en) * 2015-09-21 2016-01-20 张日龙 Microbial organic compost and preparation method thereof
CN105884457A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-24 柳州市盛世种植场 Liquid fertilizer for planting of pear trees
CN106007951A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-10-12 太仓市雅丰农场专业合作社 Special composite fertilizer for wheat
CN106518199A (en) * 2016-12-04 2017-03-22 钦州市星火计划办公室 Saline-alkali soil peanut fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106699389A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-24 常熟市添源环保科技有限公司 Water hyacinth and cyanobacteria compound fermented organic fertilizer
CN107721484A (en) * 2017-10-17 2018-02-23 祝道华 Biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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CN1428314A (en) * 2001-12-28 2003-07-09 蔡福林 Aquatic plant fertilizer and its production method
CN1539798A (en) * 2003-04-23 2004-10-27 上海孙桥农业科技股份有限公司 Technique for producing organic liquid dung from hyacinth, stem and leaf of crop
CN101081757A (en) * 2006-05-29 2007-12-05 天津市汉沽区福祥肥料加工厂 Highly effective biological organic fertilizer
CN102070362A (en) * 2010-12-14 2011-05-25 广东福尔康化工科技股份有限公司 Organic fertilizer produced by water hyacinth fermentation and method
CN102674934A (en) * 2012-05-28 2012-09-19 昆明学院 Water-retaining amino acid bio-organic fertilizer prepared prepare from water hyacinth

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1428314A (en) * 2001-12-28 2003-07-09 蔡福林 Aquatic plant fertilizer and its production method
CN1539798A (en) * 2003-04-23 2004-10-27 上海孙桥农业科技股份有限公司 Technique for producing organic liquid dung from hyacinth, stem and leaf of crop
CN101081757A (en) * 2006-05-29 2007-12-05 天津市汉沽区福祥肥料加工厂 Highly effective biological organic fertilizer
CN102070362A (en) * 2010-12-14 2011-05-25 广东福尔康化工科技股份有限公司 Organic fertilizer produced by water hyacinth fermentation and method
CN102674934A (en) * 2012-05-28 2012-09-19 昆明学院 Water-retaining amino acid bio-organic fertilizer prepared prepare from water hyacinth

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