CN108849757A - The method that changing food waste into resources utilizes - Google Patents

The method that changing food waste into resources utilizes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108849757A
CN108849757A CN201810679479.4A CN201810679479A CN108849757A CN 108849757 A CN108849757 A CN 108849757A CN 201810679479 A CN201810679479 A CN 201810679479A CN 108849757 A CN108849757 A CN 108849757A
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weight
parts
kitchen garbage
breeding trough
fly maggot
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CN108849757B (en
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陈盛联
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Huanlian (Shanghai) Environmental Technology Co.,Ltd.
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陈盛联
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New or modified breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • A01K67/0332Earthworms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/12Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes by fermentation of natural products, e.g. of vegetable material, animal waste material or biomass
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/22Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/26Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from waste material, e.g. feathers, bones or skin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K30/00Processes specially adapted for preservation of materials in order to produce animal feeding-stuffs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Polymers & Plastics (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Biotechnology (AREA)
  • Molecular Biology (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Physiology (AREA)
  • Biomedical Technology (AREA)
  • Mycology (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Marine Sciences & Fisheries (AREA)
  • Sustainable Development (AREA)
  • Biochemistry (AREA)
  • Microbiology (AREA)
  • Birds (AREA)
  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)
  • Fertilizers (AREA)
  • Treatment Of Sludge (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of methods that changing food waste into resources utilizes, and include the following steps:1) kitchen garbage is collected and is sorted;2) kitchen garbage is handled:By after solid kitchen garbage, ammoniated treatment manioc waste and fruit peel be placed in pulverizer and crush, add microbial bacterial agent M, ferment 5~7 days, obtain material A;Liquid kitchen garbage and red duckweed crushed material are uniformly mixed, microbial bacterial agent N is added, is fermented 2~3 days, material B is obtained;3) fly maggot breeding:It is 5~10 by mass ratio:2~3:1~2 material A, material B and fish meal are uniformly mixed, and obtain material C, and material C is laid on collection ovum plate to collect fly blow, are added materials A in maggot culturing pool, are added fly blow, hatching is lasting to cultivate, and fly maggot is separated with fly maggot excrement, acquisition fly maggot adult;4) vermiculture:Utilize the material A breeding earthworm after cultivation fly maggot.The method of the present invention has the characteristics that material utilization is high and earthworm germplasm is delayed to degenerate.

Description

The method that changing food waste into resources utilizes
Technical field
Resource regeneration comprehensive reutilization technical field of the present invention.It is more particularly related to a kind of kitchen garbage The method of resource utilization.
Background technique
Kitchen refers to the general name of leftover, dining table waste and kitchen offal, is organic phase in domestic waste Main component, kitchen garbage are rich in the nutriments such as vitamin, starch, protein, grease, dietary fibre, fatty acid, sugar, salt, It is the desirable feedstock of fly maggot, vermiculture.However, a large amount of grease is rich in kitchen garbage, if directly feeding using kitchen garbage Support fly maggot and earthworm, often because the grease being rich in cultivation qualification causes cultivation matrix anoxic, acidification etc., cause fly maggot, The growth of earthworm is even dead, and cultivation is caused to fail.
Summary of the invention
It is excellent it is an object of the invention to solve at least the above problems and/or defect, and provide at least to will be described later Point.
It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a kind of methods that changing food waste into resources utilizes, can be efficiently by meal Kitchen rubbish is converted to animal protein.
In order to realize these purposes and other advantages according to the present invention, provide what a kind of changing food waste into resources utilized Method comprising following steps:
1) kitchen garbage is collected and is sorted:Microbial bacterial agent M is added into tableware rubbish in the kitchen garbage of collection, so Kitchen garbage is cleared out of into metal object and bulky grain inorganic matter afterwards, the kitchen garbage after removing is centrifugated, obtains solid meal Kitchen rubbish and liquid kitchen garbage;
2) kitchen garbage is handled:By after solid kitchen garbage, ammoniated treatment manioc waste and fruit peel be placed in pulverizer It crushes, adds microbial bacterial agent M, ferment 5~7 days, obtain material A;Liquid kitchen garbage and red duckweed crushed material are mixed equal It is even, microbial bacterial agent N is added, is fermented 2~3 days, material B is obtained;
3) fly maggot breeding:It is 5~10 by mass ratio:2~3:1~2 material A, material B and fish meal is uniformly mixed, and is obtained Material C, material C is laid on collection ovum plate to collect fly blow, is added materials A in maggot culturing pool, fly blow is added, is hatched, is continued Cultivation, fly maggot is separated with fly maggot excrement, obtains fly maggot adult;
4) vermiculture:It is laid with the first breeding trough on a horizontal ground, first breeding trough is open-topped U-shaped Slot, the bottom of first breeding trough are provided with through-hole, and the side wall of first breeding trough is provided with the first vibrator, toward first Breeding trough is uniformly laid with one layer of fly maggot excrement, with a thickness of 0.5~1cm, is inoculated with earthworm kind, past first breeding trough every 1~3 day Upper addition is with a thickness of the fly maggot excrement of 0.5~1cm, and during which spent material B adjusts the humidity of fly maggot excrement, persistently cultivates 50~60 days, The second breeding trough is stacked on first breeding trough, the height on fly maggot excrement surface in the first breeding trough of the second breeding trough distance Position 0.05~0.2cm, toward second breeding trough on be uniformly laid with fly maggot excrement, with a thickness of 0.5~1cm, to the earthworm in bottom Earthworm promotes the height of the second breeding trough after entering the second breeding trough, cultivates 1~2 day, in the lower section of the second breeding trough along described The length direction of second breeding trough places U-shaped collecting tank, and the collecting tank is obliquely installed, in the lower end cap of the collecting tank Equipped with collecting bag, starts first vibrator driving earthworm into collecting tank and obtain the earthworm to harvest.
Preferably, the manioc waste after the solid kitchen garbage, ammoniated treatment and the mass ratio of fruit peel are 8~10:2 ~5:2~5.
Preferably, the microbial bacterial agent M includes 10~20 parts by weight of bacillus licheniformis, solution rouge formula saccharomycete 5 It is~10 parts by weight, 5~10 parts by weight of Mucor, 5~10 parts by weight of bacillus amyloliquefaciens, 10~20 parts by weight of nitrobacteria, red 10~20 parts by weight of 15~20 parts by weight of color saccharomycete and Pseudomonas cepacia.
Preferably, the mass ratio of liquid kitchen garbage and red duckweed crushed material is 4~6:2~3.
Preferably, the microbial bacterial agent N includes 10~20 parts by weight of bacillus licheniformis, solution rouge formula saccharomycete 5 ~10 parts by weight, 5~10 parts by weight of Mucor, 10~20 parts by weight of lactic acid bacteria, 15~30 parts by weight of photosynthetic bacteria, Sphaerotilus natans 5~10 parts by weight, red 15~20 parts by weight of saccharomycete and 10~20 parts by weight of Pseudomonas cepacia.
Preferably, the urea of 3~5 parts of parts by weight, sealing 15~20 are added into the manioc waste of 10~20 parts of parts by weight It, the manioc waste after obtaining ammoniated treatment.
Preferably, the collecting tank is made of scalability material.
Preferably, the second vibrator is provided on the collecting tank.
The present invention is include at least the following beneficial effects:Microbial bacterial agent M is added in the kitchen garbage of collection, avoids kitchen Rubbish is in collection or transportational process, harmful microbe growth and breeding;It can be effective by the manioc waste after addition ammoniated treatment Absorption grease, make the substances such as grease, albumen it is relatively uniform be adsorbed on manioc waste surface, avoid grease from getting together and cause Anoxic and fly maggot caused by avoiding fat content excessively high are not liked to ingest inside material C;Red duckweed is fermented by microbial bacterial agent N Afterwards, the variety deterioration for delaying earthworm can be improved, the yield of earthworm is improved.
Further advantage, target and feature of the invention will be partially reflected by the following instructions, and part will also be by this The research and practice of invention and be understood by the person skilled in the art.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below, to enable those skilled in the art's refer to the instruction text being capable of evidence To implement.
It should be appreciated that such as " having ", "comprising" and " comprising " term used herein do not allot one or more The presence or addition of a other elements or combinations thereof.
Embodiment 1
A kind of method that changing food waste into resources utilizes comprising following steps:
1) kitchen garbage is collected and is sorted:Microbial bacterial agent M is added into tableware rubbish in the kitchen garbage of collection, so Kitchen garbage is cleared out of into metal object, bulky grain inorganic matter afterwards, the kitchen garbage after removing is centrifugated, obtains solid kitchen Rubbish and liquid kitchen garbage;
2) kitchen garbage is handled:By after solid kitchen garbage, ammoniated treatment manioc waste and fruit peel be placed in pulverizer It crushes, adds microbial bacterial agent M, ferment 5~7 days, obtain material A;Liquid kitchen garbage and red duckweed crushed material are mixed equal It is even, microbial bacterial agent N is added, is fermented 2~3 days, material B is obtained;
3) fly maggot breeding:It is 5~10 by mass ratio:2~3:1~2 material A, material B and fish meal is uniformly mixed, and is obtained Material C, material C is laid on collection ovum plate to collect fly blow, is added materials A in maggot culturing pool, fly blow is added, is hatched, is continued Cultivation, fly maggot is separated with fly maggot excrement, obtains fly maggot adult;
4) vermiculture:It is laid with the first breeding trough on a horizontal ground, first breeding trough is open-topped U-shaped Slot, the bottom of first breeding trough are provided with through-hole, and the side wall of first breeding trough is provided with the first vibrator, toward first Breeding trough is uniformly laid with one layer of fly maggot excrement, with a thickness of 0.5~1cm, is inoculated with earthworm kind, past first breeding trough every 1~3 day Upper addition is with a thickness of the fly maggot excrement of 0.5~1cm, and during which spent material B adjusts the humidity of fly maggot excrement, persistently cultivates 50~60 days, The second breeding trough is stacked on first breeding trough, the height on fly maggot excrement surface in the first breeding trough of the second breeding trough distance Position 0.05~0.2cm, toward second breeding trough on be uniformly laid with fly maggot excrement, with a thickness of 0.5~1cm, to the earthworm in bottom Earthworm promotes the height of the second breeding trough after entering the second breeding trough, cultivates 1~2 day, in the lower section of the second breeding trough along described The length direction of second breeding trough places U-shaped collecting tank, and the collecting tank is obliquely installed, in the lower end cap of the collecting tank Equipped with collecting bag, starts first vibrator driving earthworm into collecting tank and obtain the earthworm to harvest.
Embodiment 2
A kind of method that changing food waste into resources utilizes comprising following steps:
1) kitchen garbage is collected and is sorted:Microbial bacterial agent M is added into tableware rubbish in the kitchen garbage of collection, so Kitchen garbage is cleared out of into metal object, bulky grain inorganic matter afterwards, the kitchen garbage after removing is centrifugated, obtains solid kitchen Rubbish and liquid kitchen garbage.
2) kitchen garbage is handled:It is 8 by mass ratio:2:Manioc waste and fruit after 2 solid kitchen garbage, ammoniated treatment Skin is placed in pulverizer and crushes, and adds microbial bacterial agent M, ferments 5~7 days, obtains material A;Wherein, the microbial bacterial agent M Including 10~20 parts by weight of bacillus licheniformis, solution 5~10 parts by weight of rouge formula saccharomycete, 5~10 parts by weight of Mucor, solution starch 5~10 parts by weight of bacillus, 10~20 parts by weight of nitrobacteria, red 15~20 parts by weight of saccharomycete and onion vacation unit cell 10~20 parts by weight of bacterium;Liquid kitchen garbage and red duckweed crushed material are uniformly mixed, microbial bacterial agent N, fermentation 2~3 are added It, obtains material B.
3) fly maggot breeding:It is 5~10 by mass ratio:2~3:1~2 material A, material B and fish meal is uniformly mixed, and is obtained Material C, material C is laid on collection ovum plate to collect fly blow, is added materials A in maggot culturing pool, fly blow is added, is hatched, is continued Cultivation, fly maggot is separated with fly maggot excrement, obtains fly maggot adult;
4) vermiculture:It is laid with the first breeding trough on a horizontal ground, first breeding trough is open-topped U-shaped Slot, the bottom of first breeding trough are provided with through-hole, and the side wall of first breeding trough is provided with the first vibrator, toward first Breeding trough is uniformly laid with one layer of fly maggot excrement, with a thickness of 0.5~1cm, is inoculated with earthworm kind, past first breeding trough every 1~3 day Upper addition is with a thickness of the fly maggot excrement of 0.5~1cm, and during which spent material B adjusts the humidity of fly maggot excrement, persistently cultivates 50~60 days, The second breeding trough is stacked on first breeding trough, the height on fly maggot excrement surface in the first breeding trough of the second breeding trough distance Position 0.05~0.2cm, toward second breeding trough on be uniformly laid with fly maggot excrement, with a thickness of 0.5~1cm, to the earthworm in bottom Earthworm promotes the height of the second breeding trough after entering the second breeding trough, cultivates 1~2 day, in the lower section of the second breeding trough along described The length direction of second breeding trough places U-shaped collecting tank, and the collecting tank is obliquely installed, in the lower end cap of the collecting tank Equipped with collecting bag, starts first vibrator driving earthworm into collecting tank and obtain the earthworm to harvest.
Embodiment 3
A kind of method that changing food waste into resources utilizes comprising following steps:
1) kitchen garbage is collected and is sorted:Microbial bacterial agent M is added into tableware rubbish in the kitchen garbage of collection, so Kitchen garbage is cleared out of into metal object, bulky grain inorganic matter afterwards, the kitchen garbage after removing is centrifugated, obtains solid kitchen Rubbish and liquid kitchen garbage.
2) kitchen garbage is handled:It is 8 by mass ratio:2:Manioc waste and fruit after 2 solid kitchen garbage, ammoniated treatment Skin is placed in pulverizer and crushes, and adds microbial bacterial agent M, ferments 5~7 days, obtains material A;Wherein, the microbial bacterial agent M Including 10~20 parts by weight of bacillus licheniformis, solution 5~10 parts by weight of rouge formula saccharomycete, 5~10 parts by weight of Mucor, solution starch 5~10 parts by weight of bacillus, 10~20 parts by weight of nitrobacteria, red 15~20 parts by weight of saccharomycete and onion vacation unit cell 10~20 parts by weight of bacterium;Liquid kitchen garbage and red duckweed crushed material are uniformly mixed, microbial bacterial agent N, fermentation 2~3 are added It, obtains material B;Wherein, the microbial bacterial agent N includes 10~20 parts by weight of bacillus licheniformis, solution rouge formula saccharomycete 5 ~10 parts by weight, 5~10 parts by weight of Mucor, 10~20 parts by weight of lactic acid bacteria, 15~30 parts by weight of photosynthetic bacteria, Sphaerotilus natans 5~10 parts by weight, red 15~20 parts by weight of saccharomycete and 10~20 parts by weight of Pseudomonas cepacia.
3) fly maggot breeding:It is 5~10 by mass ratio:2~3:1~2 material A, material B and fish meal is uniformly mixed, and is obtained Material C, material C is laid on collection ovum plate to collect fly blow, is added materials A in maggot culturing pool, fly blow is added, is hatched, is continued Cultivation, fly maggot is separated with fly maggot excrement, obtains fly maggot adult.
4) vermiculture:It is laid with the first breeding trough on a horizontal ground, first breeding trough is open-topped U-shaped Slot, the bottom of first breeding trough are provided with through-hole, and the side wall of first breeding trough is provided with the first vibrator, toward first Breeding trough is uniformly laid with one layer of fly maggot excrement, with a thickness of 0.5~1cm, is inoculated with earthworm kind, past first breeding trough every 1~3 day Upper addition is with a thickness of the fly maggot excrement of 0.5~1cm, and during which spent material B adjusts the humidity of fly maggot excrement, persistently cultivates 50~60 days, The second breeding trough is stacked on first breeding trough, the height on fly maggot excrement surface in the first breeding trough of the second breeding trough distance Position 0.05~0.2cm, toward second breeding trough on be uniformly laid with fly maggot excrement, with a thickness of 0.5~1cm, to the earthworm in bottom Earthworm promotes the height of the second breeding trough after entering the second breeding trough, cultivates 1~2 day, in the lower section of the second breeding trough along described The length direction of second breeding trough places U-shaped collecting tank, and the collecting tank is obliquely installed, in the lower end cap of the collecting tank Equipped with collecting bag, starts first vibrator driving earthworm into collecting tank and obtain the earthworm to harvest.
Embodiment 4
A kind of method that changing food waste into resources utilizes comprising following steps:
1) kitchen garbage is collected and is sorted:Microbial bacterial agent M is added into tableware rubbish in the kitchen garbage of collection, so Kitchen garbage is cleared out of into metal object, bulky grain inorganic matter afterwards, the kitchen garbage after removing is centrifugated, obtains solid kitchen Rubbish and liquid kitchen garbage.
2) kitchen garbage is handled:It is 8 by mass ratio:2:Manioc waste and fruit after 2 solid kitchen garbage, ammoniated treatment Skin is placed in pulverizer and crushes, and adds microbial bacterial agent M, ferments 5~7 days, obtains material A;Wherein, the microbial bacterial agent M Including 10~20 parts by weight of bacillus licheniformis, solution 5~10 parts by weight of rouge formula saccharomycete, 5~10 parts by weight of Mucor, solution starch 5~10 parts by weight of bacillus, 10~20 parts by weight of nitrobacteria, red 15~20 parts by weight of saccharomycete and onion vacation unit cell 10~20 parts by weight of bacterium;Liquid kitchen garbage and red duckweed crushed material are uniformly mixed, microbial bacterial agent N, fermentation 2~3 are added It, obtains material B;Wherein, the microbial bacterial agent N includes 10~20 parts by weight of bacillus licheniformis, solution rouge formula saccharomycete 5 ~10 parts by weight, 5~10 parts by weight of Mucor, 10~20 parts by weight of lactic acid bacteria, 15~30 parts by weight of photosynthetic bacteria, Sphaerotilus natans 5~10 parts by weight, red 15~20 parts by weight of saccharomycete and 10~20 parts by weight of Pseudomonas cepacia, after the ammoniated treatment The processing method of manioc waste be:The urea of 3~5 parts of parts by weight, sealing 15 are added into the manioc waste of 10~20 parts of parts by weight ~20 days, the manioc waste after obtaining ammoniated treatment.
3) fly maggot breeding:It is 5~10 by mass ratio:2~3:1~2 material A, material B and fish meal is uniformly mixed, and is obtained Material C, material C is laid on collection ovum plate to collect fly blow, is added materials A in maggot culturing pool, fly blow is added, is hatched, is continued Cultivation, fly maggot is separated with fly maggot excrement, obtains fly maggot adult.
4) vermiculture:It is laid with the first breeding trough on a horizontal ground, first breeding trough is open-topped U-shaped Slot, the bottom of first breeding trough are provided with through-hole, and the side wall of first breeding trough is provided with the first vibrator, toward first Breeding trough is uniformly laid with one layer of fly maggot excrement, with a thickness of 0.5~1cm, is inoculated with earthworm kind, past first breeding trough every 1~3 day Upper addition is with a thickness of the fly maggot excrement of 0.5~1cm, and during which spent material B adjusts the humidity of fly maggot excrement, persistently cultivates 50~60 days, The second breeding trough is stacked on first breeding trough, the height on fly maggot excrement surface in the first breeding trough of the second breeding trough distance Position 0.05~0.2cm, toward second breeding trough on be uniformly laid with fly maggot excrement, with a thickness of 0.5~1cm, to the earthworm in bottom Earthworm promotes the height of the second breeding trough after entering the second breeding trough, cultivates 1~2 day, in the lower section of the second breeding trough along described The length direction of second breeding trough places U-shaped collecting tank, and the collecting tank is obliquely installed, in the lower end cap of the collecting tank Equipped with collecting bag, starts first vibrator driving earthworm into collecting tank and obtain the earthworm to harvest.
Embodiment 5
A kind of method that changing food waste into resources utilizes comprising following steps:
1) kitchen garbage is collected and is sorted:Microbial bacterial agent M is added into tableware rubbish in the kitchen garbage of collection, so Kitchen garbage is cleared out of into metal object, bulky grain inorganic matter afterwards, the kitchen garbage after removing is centrifugated, obtains solid kitchen Rubbish and liquid kitchen garbage.
2) kitchen garbage is handled:It is 8 by mass ratio:2:Manioc waste and fruit after 2 solid kitchen garbage, ammoniated treatment Skin is placed in pulverizer and crushes, and adds microbial bacterial agent M, ferments 5~7 days, obtains material A;Wherein, the microbial bacterial agent M Including 10~20 parts by weight of bacillus licheniformis, solution 5~10 parts by weight of rouge formula saccharomycete, 5~10 parts by weight of Mucor, solution starch 5~10 parts by weight of bacillus, 10~20 parts by weight of nitrobacteria, red 15~20 parts by weight of saccharomycete and onion vacation unit cell 10~20 parts by weight of bacterium;Liquid kitchen garbage and red duckweed crushed material are uniformly mixed, microbial bacterial agent N, fermentation 2~3 are added It, obtains material B;Wherein, the microbial bacterial agent N includes 10~20 parts by weight of bacillus licheniformis, solution rouge formula saccharomycete 5 ~10 parts by weight, 5~10 parts by weight of Mucor, 10~20 parts by weight of lactic acid bacteria, 15~30 parts by weight of photosynthetic bacteria, Sphaerotilus natans 5~10 parts by weight, red 15~20 parts by weight of saccharomycete and 10~20 parts by weight of Pseudomonas cepacia, after the ammoniated treatment The processing method of manioc waste be:The urea of 3~5 parts of parts by weight, sealing 15 are added into the manioc waste of 10~20 parts of parts by weight ~20 days, the manioc waste after obtaining ammoniated treatment.
3) fly maggot breeding:It is 5~10 by mass ratio:2~3:1~2 material A, material B and fish meal is uniformly mixed, and is obtained Material C, material C is laid on collection ovum plate to collect fly blow, is added materials A in maggot culturing pool, the fly blow of reddish tone fly is added, incubates Change, it is lasting to cultivate, fly maggot is separated with fly maggot excrement, obtains fly maggot adult.
4) vermiculture:It is laid with the first breeding trough on a horizontal ground, first breeding trough is open-topped U-shaped Slot, the bottom of first breeding trough are provided with through-hole, and the side wall of first breeding trough is provided with the first vibrator, toward first Breeding trough is uniformly laid with one layer of fly maggot excrement, with a thickness of 0.5~1cm, is inoculated with earthworm kind, past first breeding trough every 1~3 day Upper addition is with a thickness of the fly maggot excrement of 0.5~1cm, and during which spent material B adjusts the humidity of fly maggot excrement, persistently cultivates 50~60 days, The second breeding trough is stacked on first breeding trough, the height on fly maggot excrement surface in the first breeding trough of the second breeding trough distance Position 0.05~0.2cm, toward second breeding trough on be uniformly laid with fly maggot excrement, with a thickness of 0.5~1cm, to the earthworm in bottom Earthworm promotes the height of the second breeding trough after entering the second breeding trough, cultivates 1~2 day, in the lower section of the second breeding trough along described The length direction of second breeding trough places U-shaped collecting tank, and the collecting tank is obliquely installed, and the collecting tank is by scalability material It is made, the second vibrator is provided on the collecting tank, collecting bag is arranged in the lower one end of the collecting tank, described in starting First vibrator obtains the earthworm driving earthworm into collecting tank to harvest.
Material C per ton can be 330 kilograms of output fly maggot, and the fly maggot yield than animal wastes output per ton is higher by 9% or more, than The material C of the material A and material B preparation that are obtained using EM bacteria agent fermentation, yield are higher by 6% or more;After cultivation fly maggot per ton Material A can be 75 kilograms of output earthworm, and the earthworm yield than cow dung output per ton is higher by 7% or more.
Embodiment 6
Comparative example 1:Microbial bacterial agent N is substituted using EM bacteria agent, other processes are identical with embodiment 5, utilize cultivation Excrement after fly maggot cultivates the identical young earthworm of 500 sizes, and average weight gain amount and the earthworm of earthworm are counted after one month Average body is long, and the results are shown in Table 1.
Comparative example 2:Microbial bacterial agent M is substituted using EM bacteria agent, other processes are identical with embodiment 5, utilize cultivation Excrement after fly maggot cultivates the identical young earthworm of 500 sizes, and average weight gain amount and the earthworm of earthworm are counted after one month Average body is long, and the results are shown in Table 1.
Comparative example 3:Manioc waste after substituting ammoniated treatment using common manioc waste, other processes and the complete phase of embodiment 5 Together, the identical young earthworm of 500 sizes is cultivated using the excrement after cultivation fly maggot, the average weight gain amount of earthworm is counted after one month And the average body of earthworm is long, the results are shown in Table 1.
1 earthworm adding weight of table and the long statistical form of body
Adding weight (mg/ item) Body is long (mm)
Comparative example 1 10.9 76
Comparative example 2 11.1 82
Comparative example 3 8.8 67
Embodiment 5 16.9 96
As can be known from Table 1, embodiment 5 is compared with comparative example 1, and the earthworm adding weight in embodiment 5 is higher by 55%, body Grow 20mm, it is seen that using the material B of microbial bacterial agent N substitution EM bacteria agent fermentation preparation of the invention, for cultivating fly maggot Fly maggot excrement earthworm afterwards is more liked to eat, and is also easier to earthworm digestion and absorption;Embodiment 5 is compared in comparative example 2, in embodiment 5 The adding weight of earthworm is higher by 52%, and body grows 14mm, it is seen then that uses the material of microbial bacterial agent M substitution EM bacteria agent fermentation A more likes to eat for cultivating the fly maggot excrement earthworm after fly maggot, is also easier to earthworm digestion and absorption;Embodiment 5 is than in comparative example 3 Earthworm adding weight be higher by 92%, body grows 29mm, it is seen that if manioc waste, without ammoniated treatment, earthworm daily gain obviously subtracts It is slow, it may be possible to which that earthworm is not liked to ingest or be difficult to after ingesting the weight gain of earthworm caused by digesting slowly.
Experimental group:After method breeding earthworm 2 years of the offer of embodiment 5, selects 1000 earthworm ovum and is hatched, And cultivated, the average body of average weight gain amount and earthworm that earthworm is counted after one month is long, and the results are shown in Table 2.
Comparative example 4:Red duckweed is not added in liquid kitchen garbage, other processes are identical with embodiment 5, persistently cultivate two Nian Hou selects 1000 earthworm ovum and is hatched, and cultivated, and average weight gain amount and the earthworm of earthworm are counted after one month Average body it is long, the results are shown in Table 2.
Comparative example 5:After liquid kitchen garbage adds microbial bacterial agent N fermentation, then red duckweed is added, after mixing obtains material B It is directly used in and feeds fly maggot and earthworm, other processes are identical with embodiment 5, after persistently cultivating 2 years, select 1000 earthworms Earthworm ovum is hatched, and is cultivated, and the average body of average weight gain amount and earthworm that earthworm is counted after one month is long, as a result such as Shown in table 2
2 earthworm adding weight of table and the long statistical form of body
Adding weight (mg/ item) Body is long (mm)
Comparative example 4 6.4 55
Comparative example 5 6.5 55
Experimental group 12.5 84
As can be known from Table 2, experimental group is compared with comparative example 4, and adding weight is higher by 95%, and body grows 29mm, it is seen then that The degeneration that can effectively alleviate earthworm germplasm after red duckweed is added, growth rate with higher is remained to after making vermiculture 2 years, Time and cost needed for effectively reducing replacement earthworm;Experimental group is compared with comparative example 5, and adding weight is higher by 92%, and body is long Grow 29mm, it is seen then that red duckweed is fermented without microbial bacterial agent N, when being used directly to feed fly maggot and earthworm, cannot alleviate earthworm Germplasm is degenerated
Although the embodiments of the present invention have been disclosed as above, but its is not only in the description and the implementation listed With.It can be applied to various suitable the field of the invention completely.It for those skilled in the art, can be easily Realize other modification.Therefore without departing from the general concept defined in the claims and the equivalent scope, the present invention is simultaneously unlimited In specific details and embodiment shown and described herein.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of method that changing food waste into resources utilizes, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
1) kitchen garbage is collected and is sorted:Microbial bacterial agent M is added into tableware rubbish in the kitchen garbage of collection, then will Kitchen garbage removes metal object and bulky grain inorganic matter, and the kitchen garbage after removing is centrifugated, and obtains solid kitchen garbage With liquid kitchen garbage;
2) kitchen garbage is handled:By after solid kitchen garbage, ammoniated treatment manioc waste and fruit peel be placed in pulverizer and crush, Microbial bacterial agent M is added, is fermented 5~7 days, material A is obtained;Liquid kitchen garbage and red duckweed crushed material are uniformly mixed, added Add microbial bacterial agent N, ferment 2~3 days, obtains material B;
3) fly maggot breeding:It is 5~10 by mass ratio:2~3:1~2 material A, material B and fish meal is uniformly mixed, and obtains object Expect C, material C is laid on collection ovum plate to collect fly blow, is added materials A in maggot culturing pool, add fly blow, hatching is lasting to cultivate, Fly maggot is separated with fly maggot excrement, obtains fly maggot adult;
4) vermiculture:It is laid with the first breeding trough on a horizontal ground, first breeding trough is open-topped U-type groove, The bottom of first breeding trough is provided with through-hole, and the side wall of first breeding trough is provided with the first vibrator, supports toward first It grows slot and is uniformly laid with one layer of fly maggot excrement, with a thickness of 0.5~1cm, be inoculated with earthworm kind, every 1~3 day toward on first breeding trough The fly maggot excrement with a thickness of 0.5~1cm is added, during which spent material B adjusts the humidity of fly maggot excrement, persistently cultivate 50~60 days, the The second breeding trough is stacked on one breeding trough, the height position on fly maggot excrement surface in the first breeding trough of the second breeding trough distance 0.05~0.2cm, toward second breeding trough on be uniformly laid with fly maggot excrement, with a thickness of 0.5~1cm, to the earthworm in bottom It promotes the height of the second breeding trough after into the second breeding trough, cultivates 1~2 day, in the lower section of the second breeding trough along described the The length direction of two breeding troughs places U-shaped collecting tank, and the collecting tank is obliquely installed, is arranged in the lower one end of the collecting tank There is collecting bag, starts first vibrator driving earthworm into collecting tank and obtain the earthworm to harvest.
2. the method that changing food waste into resources according to claim 1 utilizes, which is characterized in that the solid kitchen rubbish The mass ratio of manioc waste and fruit peel after rubbish, ammoniated treatment is 8~10:2~5:2~5.
3. the method that changing food waste into resources according to claim 1 utilizes, which is characterized in that the microbial bacterial agent M Including 10~20 parts by weight of bacillus licheniformis, solution 5~10 parts by weight of rouge formula saccharomycete, 5~10 parts by weight of Mucor, solution starch 5~10 parts by weight of bacillus, 10~20 parts by weight of nitrobacteria, red 15~20 parts by weight of saccharomycete and onion vacation unit cell 10~20 parts by weight of bacterium.
4. the method that changing food waste into resources according to claim 1 utilizes, which is characterized in that liquid kitchen garbage and The mass ratio of red duckweed crushed material is 4~6:2~3.
5. the method that changing food waste into resources according to claim 1 utilizes, which is characterized in that the microbial bacterial agent N Including 10~20 parts by weight of bacillus licheniformis, solution 5~10 parts by weight of rouge formula saccharomycete, 5~10 parts by weight of Mucor, lactic acid bacteria 10~20 parts by weight, 15~30 parts by weight of photosynthetic bacteria, 5~10 parts by weight of Sphaerotilus natans, 15~20 weight of red saccharomycete Part and 10~20 parts by weight of Pseudomonas cepacia.
6. the method that changing food waste into resources according to claim 1 utilizes, which is characterized in that toward 10~20 parts of parts by weight Manioc waste in add 3~5 parts of parts by weight urea, seal 15~20 days, obtain ammoniated treatment after manioc waste.
7. the method that changing food waste into resources according to claim 1 utilizes, which is characterized in that the collecting tank is by that can stretch Contracting material is made.
8. the method that changing food waste into resources according to claim 1 utilizes, which is characterized in that be arranged on the collecting tank There is the second vibrator.
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