CN107182944A - A kind of cultural method of high calcium earthworm - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method of high calcium earthworm Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107182944A
CN107182944A CN201710371266.0A CN201710371266A CN107182944A CN 107182944 A CN107182944 A CN 107182944A CN 201710371266 A CN201710371266 A CN 201710371266A CN 107182944 A CN107182944 A CN 107182944A
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earthworm
stalk
calcium
days
softening
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钟志雄
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New or modified breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/16Addition of microorganisms or extracts thereof, e.g. single-cell proteins, to feeding-stuff compositions
    • A23K10/18Addition of microorganisms or extracts thereof, e.g. single-cell proteins, to feeding-stuff compositions of live microorganisms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/26Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from waste material, e.g. feathers, bones or skin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/90Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for insects, e.g. bees or silkworms
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Polymers & Plastics (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Molecular Biology (AREA)
  • Biotechnology (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Physiology (AREA)
  • Microbiology (AREA)
  • Biomedical Technology (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • Insects & Arthropods (AREA)
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  • Fertilizers (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of cultural method of high calcium earthworm, it is characterised in that comprises the following steps:1) stalk is handled:Stalk is crushed, is placed in obturator, ammoniacal liquor is added, microwave softened is carried out, softening terminates, softening stalk is obtained;2) preparation of matrix is cultivated:Animal wastes, softening stalk, microbial inoculum are mixed in proportion with calcium activated filter residue, stacking fermentation maturity is carried out, obtains earthworm cultivation substratum;3) feeding management:Earthworm cultivation substratum is laid on culturing bed, is added earthworm seedling, is cultivated, and every 2~3 days sprinkling calcium activated filtrate once, keeps the water content of earthworm cultivation substratum, identical earthworm cultivation substratum was added every 5~10 days, cultivate 55~65 days;4) earthworm harvests.The inventive method has straw utilization rate high, the feature such as bioactivity calcium content height in earthworm.

Description

A kind of cultural method of high calcium earthworm
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cultural method of earthworm, more particularly to a kind of cultural method of high calcium earthworm.
Background technology
Element necessary to calcium is biology, for human body, calcium is the main inorganic composition of mankind's bone, tooth, is also neural biography Pass, element necessary to the release of contraction of muscle, blood clotting, hormone and galactosis etc., calcium content is not enough or superfluous in human body It will influence to grow and health;For plant, calcium is a kind of element for constituting cell membrane, the intercellular layer of cell membrane be by Calcium Pectate composition, during calcium deficiency, cell membrane formation is obstructed, and influences cell division, or can not form neoblast wall, is occurred many Nucleus.
Earthworm contains the nutriments such as abundant amino acid, vitamin and the mineral matter element of a large amount of protein, species, wherein Grown necessary amino acid containing a variety of livestock and poultry, aquatic products, wherein arginine content is higher than fish meal 2-3 times, tryptophan Content is then 4 times of animal blood meal, is 7 times of beef liver, is the best additive of bait of aquatic products, livestock and poultry, is also to prepare amino acid The good material of foliar fertilizer.Therefore, improve earthworm in calcium element content, enable its as during animal feed well give animal Supplementing calcium element, when preparing foliar fertilizer and can be to plant supplementing calcium element.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of straw utilization rate height and the high earthworm of bioactivity calcium content Cultural method.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:A kind of high calcium earthworm support Method is grown, it comprises the following steps:
1) stalk is handled:Stalk is crushed, is placed in obturator, ammoniacal liquor is added, microwave softened is carried out, softening terminates, Obtain softening stalk;
2) preparation of matrix is cultivated:Animal wastes, softening stalk, microbial inoculum are mixed in proportion with calcium activated filter residue, carried out Stacking fermentation maturity, obtains earthworm cultivation substratum;
3) feeding management:Earthworm cultivation substratum is laid on culturing bed, is added earthworm seedling, is cultivated, every 2~3 Its sprinkling calcium activated filtrate once, keeps the water content of earthworm cultivation substratum, identical vermiculture base was added every 5~10 days Matter, is cultivated 55~65 days;
4) earthworm harvests:Wormcast is successively scraped off with scraper plate under light illumination, drives earthworm to get into culturing bed lower floor, collects and supports On the earthworm of Zhi Chuan lower floors, the big basket for being placed in 3~5 millimeters of aperture, basket decentralization collection vessel, under light illumination, earthworm pierces automatically The lower container of sieve, obtains high calcium earthworm.
Preferably, described stalk is the one or more in maize straw, wheat stalk, rice straw, powder of straw Broken size is 0.01~1cm, and the mass fraction of described ammoniacal liquor is 10~20%, and the mass ratio of stalk and ammoniacal liquor is 10:(3 ~5), the time of described microwave softened is 5~10h, and temperature is 110~150 DEG C.
Preferably, described animal wastes are the one or more in pig manure, cow dung, chicken manure, described animal wastes, The mass ratio for softening stalk, microbial inoculum and calcium activated filter residue each component is (40~50):(20~30):(1~3):(5~10).
Preferably, the preparation method of calcium activated filter residue and calcium activated filtrate is by oyster shell, crab shell, shrimp shell, fish-bone, pig One or more in bone, ox bone, sheep bone, are dried, grind into powder, take 1~2kg described powder, add animal wastes 500~1000g, 5~1,000,000,000/g 5~10g of Bacillus acidi lactici, 500~1000mL of water, stirs, and ferments 25~30 days, makes PH to 7~8 is adjusted with calcium hydroxide, filtering obtains calcium activated filter residue and calcium activated filtrate.
Preferably, described microbial inoculum is saccharomycete, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus subtilis, photosynthetic bacteria, actinomyces, green In trichoderma and white-rot fungi, wherein microbial inoculum mass percent number shared by each component be saccharomycete 15~25%, lactic acid bacteria 10~ 15%th, bacillus subtilis 10~15%, photosynthetic bacteria 5~10%, actinomyces 10~15%, Trichoderma viride 10~15% and white Rotten fungi 25~35%.
Preferably, the method for described fermentation maturity is to enter animal wastes, softening stalk, microbial inoculum and calcium activated filter residue Row stacking fermentation maturity 4~6 days, the follow-up continuous fermentation maturity of turning 3~4 days.
Preferably, described earthworm seedling is compatriot love victory earthworm, and the water content of described earthworm cultivation substratum is 50 ~70%.
Advantages of the present invention:The stalk softening method of the inventive method, bating effect good feature short with the softening time, The utilization rate more than 10% of stalk can be improved;Oyster shell etc. is through lactobacillus fermentation, the substantial amounts of amino acid and amino acid of formation Calcium, polypeptide and polypeptide combination calcium, calcium lactate, protein-bound calcium etc.;Calcium activated filter residue becomes thoroughly decomposed with animal wastes, stalk fermentation, energy Make not to be decomposed in filter residue it is calcareous be decomposed to form biological active calcium again, the utilization rate of oyster shell etc. is improved more than 30%; The sorption enhanced through earthworm such as calcium lactate, forms substantial amounts of amino acid calcium, polypeptide combination calcium, protein-bound calcium etc., makes in vivo Earthworm is easier to absorb and accumulation calcium, the calcium element content in earthworm is improved more than 200%;The hair such as stalk and animal wastes Ferment becomes thoroughly decomposed, and can not only increase mycoprotein content, moreover it is possible to improve the resolution ratio of stalk;The cultural method of the present invention is in increase earthworm While calcium constituent, the output increased more than 12% of earthworm can be made.
Embodiment
Further advantage, target and the feature of the present invention embodies part by following explanation, and part will also be by this The research and practice of invention and be understood by the person skilled in the art.
Following embodiments are used to further illustrate but be not limited to the present invention.
A kind of a kind of way of realization of the cultural method of high calcium earthworm of the invention of embodiment 1, it comprises the following steps:
1) stalk is handled:Stalk is crushed, is placed in obturator, ammoniacal liquor is added, microwave softened is carried out, softening terminates, Obtain softening stalk;
2) preparation of matrix is cultivated:Animal wastes, softening stalk, microbial inoculum are mixed in proportion with calcium activated filter residue, carried out Stacking fermentation maturity, obtains earthworm cultivation substratum;
3) feeding management:Earthworm cultivation substratum is laid on culturing bed, is added earthworm seedling, is cultivated, and is sprayed every 2 days Spill calcium activated filtrate once, keep the water content of earthworm cultivation substratum, identical earthworm cultivation substratum, cultivation were added every 5 days 55 days;
4) earthworm harvests:Wormcast is successively scraped off with scraper plate under light illumination, drives earthworm to get into culturing bed lower floor, collects and supports On the earthworm of Zhi Chuan lower floors, the big basket for being placed in 3 millimeters of aperture, basket decentralization collection vessel, under light illumination, earthworm is pierced under sieve automatically Container, obtains high calcium earthworm.
It is longer the time required to traditional straw ammoniation softening, the effect of microwave is added during ammonification softens, can be had The time of the reduction softening of effect, the efficiency of stalk softening is improved, while the bating effect for the stalk that the effect of microwave also makes is more preferably, The cellulase for secreting microorganism or earthworm is easier to contact with cellulose, stalk is easier the utilization that is decomposed;Stalk is passed through Fermented after softening together with animal wastes, the degradation rate of stalk can not only be improved, moreover it is possible to improve mycoprotein, promote the life of earthworm It is long;By addition calcium activated filter residue and calcium activated filtrate in cultivation matrix, calcium constituent can be made to change into the calcium knot of earthworm itself Hop protein or amino acid calcium etc., make the calcium element content in earthworm improve more than 200%.
A kind of a kind of way of realization of the cultural method of high calcium earthworm of the invention of embodiment 2, it comprises the following steps:
1) stalk is handled:By 100Kg corn straw smashing, 1cm sizes are ground into, are placed in obturator, added 50Kg mass fractions are 10% ammoniacal liquor, carry out microwave heating and softening, and temperature is 110 DEG C, and time 10h, softening terminates, and is obtained Soften stalk;
2) preparation of matrix is cultivated:Animal wastes, softening stalk, microbial inoculum are mixed in proportion with calcium activated filter residue, carried out Stacking fermentation maturity, obtains earthworm cultivation substratum;
3) feeding management:Earthworm cultivation substratum is laid on culturing bed, is added earthworm seedling, is cultivated, and is sprayed every 3 days Spill calcium activated filtrate once, keep the water content of earthworm cultivation substratum, identical earthworm cultivation substratum, cultivation were added every 5 days 65 days;
4) earthworm harvests:Wormcast is successively scraped off with scraper plate under light illumination, drives earthworm to get into culturing bed lower floor, collects and supports On the earthworm of Zhi Chuan lower floors, the big basket for being placed in 5 millimeters of aperture, basket decentralization collection vessel, under light illumination, earthworm is pierced under sieve automatically Container, obtains high calcium earthworm.
Composition (such as cellulose, hemicellulose are decomposed) decomposed is easily decomposed in the heating process of microwave, in stalk, is made Ammonia is more easy to occur ammonolysis reaction with organic substance, by ammonolysis reaction, and ester bond between destruction lignin and polysaccharide weakens lignin Contacting between cellulose, makes stalk be easier to be decomposed by the cellulase that microorganism and earthworm secrete, utilization rate is improved More than 10%.
A kind of a kind of way of realization of the cultural method of high calcium earthworm of the invention of embodiment 3, it comprises the following steps:
1) stalk is handled:By 100Kg corn straw smashing, 1cm sizes are ground into, are placed in obturator, added 50Kg mass fractions are 10% ammoniacal liquor, carry out microwave heating and softening, and temperature is 110 DEG C, and time 10h, softening terminates, and is obtained Soften stalk;
2) preparation of matrix is cultivated:By cow dung just, softening stalk, microbial inoculum mixed in proportion with calcium activated filter residue, it is described Cow dung just, softening stalk, the mass ratio of microbial inoculum and calcium activated filter residue each component be 50:20:3:5, fermentation maturity is carried out, earthworm is obtained Earthworm cultivates matrix;
3) feeding management:Earthworm cultivation substratum is laid on culturing bed, is added earthworm seedling, is cultivated, and is sprayed every 3 days Spill calcium activated filtrate once, keep the water content of earthworm cultivation substratum, identical earthworm cultivation substratum, cultivation were added every 5 days 65 days;
4) earthworm harvests:Wormcast is successively scraped off with scraper plate under light illumination, drives earthworm to get into culturing bed lower floor, collects and supports On the earthworm of Zhi Chuan lower floors, the big basket for being placed in 5 millimeters of aperture, basket decentralization collection vessel, under light illumination, earthworm is pierced under sieve automatically Container, obtains high calcium earthworm.
Effective decomposition can be carried out to stalk by adding microbial inoculum, and it is mycoprotein to make the carbohydrate-modifying of stalk, Make earthworm digesting and assimilating more fully to stalk, the utilization rate of raising stalk.
A kind of a kind of way of realization of the cultural method of high calcium earthworm of the invention of embodiment 4, it comprises the following steps:
1) stalk is handled:By 100Kg corn straw smashing, 1cm sizes are ground into, are placed in obturator, added 30Kg mass fractions are 20% ammoniacal liquor, carry out microwave heating and softening, and temperature is 150 DEG C, and time 5h, softening terminates, and is obtained soft Change stalk;
2) preparation of matrix is cultivated:By cow dung just, softening stalk, microbial inoculum mixed in proportion with calcium activated filter residue, it is described Cow dung just, softening stalk, the mass ratio of microbial inoculum and calcium activated filter residue each component be 50:20:3:5, wherein calcium activated filter residue and work Property calcium filtrate preparation method for oyster shell is dried, grind into powder takes 1kg described powder, adds animal wastes 500g, 500,000,000/g Bacillus acidi lactici 5g, water 500mL, are stirred, and ferment 25 days, and pH is adjusted to 7~8 using calcium hydroxide, Filtering, obtains calcium activated filter residue and calcium activated filtrate, cow dung just, the mixture progress of softening stalk, microbial inoculum and calcium activated filter residue Fermentation maturity, obtains earthworm cultivation substratum;
3) feeding management:Earthworm cultivation substratum is laid on culturing bed, is added earthworm seedling, is cultivated, and is sprayed every 3 days Spill calcium activated filtrate once, keep the water content of earthworm cultivation substratum, identical earthworm cultivation substratum, cultivation were added every 5 days 65 days;
4) earthworm harvests:Wormcast is successively scraped off with scraper plate under light illumination, drives earthworm to get into culturing bed lower floor, collects and supports On the earthworm of Zhi Chuan lower floors, the big basket for being placed in 5 millimeters of aperture, basket decentralization collection vessel, under light illumination, earthworm is pierced under sieve automatically Container, obtains high calcium earthworm.
Oyster shell can not only form the abundant protein-bound calcium for being easy to bio-absorbable after lactobacillus fermentation, breast Sour calcium etc., moreover it is possible to make other trace elements in oyster shell, such as zinc, copper, strontium are discharged, in favor of the absorption of organism.
A kind of a kind of way of realization of the cultural method of high calcium earthworm of the invention of embodiment 5, it comprises the following steps:
1) stalk is handled:By 100Kg corn straw smashing, 1cm sizes are ground into, are placed in obturator, added 30Kg mass fractions are 20% ammoniacal liquor, carry out microwave heating and softening, and temperature is 150 DEG C, and time 5h, softening terminates, and is obtained soft Change stalk;
2) preparation of matrix is cultivated:By cow dung just, softening stalk, microbial inoculum mixed in proportion with calcium activated filter residue, it is described Microbial inoculum is saccharomycete, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus subtilis, photosynthetic bacteria, actinomyces, Trichoderma viride and white-rot fungi, wherein microbial inoculum Mass percent number shared by middle each component is saccharomycete 15%, lactic acid bacteria 10%, bacillus subtilis 10%, photosynthetic bacteria 10%th, actinomyces 10%, Trichoderma viride 15% and white-rot fungi 30%, cow dung just, softening stalk, microbial inoculum and calcium activated filter residue Mixture carries out fermentation maturity, obtains earthworm cultivation substratum;
3) feeding management:Earthworm cultivation substratum is laid on culturing bed, is added earthworm seedling, is cultivated, and is sprayed every 3 days Spill calcium activated filtrate once, keep the water content of earthworm cultivation substratum, identical earthworm cultivation substratum, cultivation were added every 5 days 65 days;
4) earthworm harvests:Wormcast is successively scraped off with scraper plate under light illumination, drives earthworm to get into culturing bed lower floor, collects and supports On the earthworm of Zhi Chuan lower floors, the big basket for being placed in 5 millimeters of aperture, basket decentralization collection vessel, under light illumination, earthworm is pierced under sieve automatically Container, obtains high calcium earthworm.
A kind of a kind of way of realization of the cultural method of high calcium earthworm of the invention of embodiment 6, it comprises the following steps:
1) stalk is handled:By 100Kg corn straw smashing, 1cm sizes are ground into, are placed in obturator, added 30Kg mass fractions are 20% ammoniacal liquor, carry out microwave heating and softening, and temperature is 150 DEG C, and time 5h, softening terminates, and is obtained soft Change stalk;
2) preparation of matrix is cultivated:Swine excrement, softening stalk, microbial inoculum are mixed in proportion with calcium activated filter residue, it is described Microbial inoculum is saccharomycete, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus subtilis, photosynthetic bacteria, actinomyces, Trichoderma viride and white-rot fungi, wherein microbial inoculum Mass percent number shared by middle each component is saccharomycete 15%, lactic acid bacteria 10%, bacillus subtilis 10%, photosynthetic bacteria 10%th, actinomyces 10%, Trichoderma viride 15% and white-rot fungi 30%, cow dung just, softening stalk, microbial inoculum and calcium activated filter residue Mixture carries out fermentation maturity, and the method for fermentation maturity is that swine excrement, softening stalk, microbial inoculum and calcium activated filter residue are carried out into stacking Fermentation maturity 6 days, the follow-up continuous fermentation maturity of turning 3 days obtains earthworm cultivation substratum;
3) feeding management:Earthworm cultivation substratum is laid on culturing bed, is added earthworm seedling, is cultivated, and is sprayed every 3 days Spill calcium activated filtrate once, keep the water content of earthworm cultivation substratum, identical earthworm cultivation substratum, cultivation were added every 5 days 65 days;
4) earthworm harvests:Wormcast is successively scraped off with scraper plate under light illumination, drives earthworm to get into culturing bed lower floor, collects and supports On the earthworm of Zhi Chuan lower floors, the big basket for being placed in 5 millimeters of aperture, basket decentralization collection vessel, under light illumination, earthworm is pierced under sieve automatically Container, obtains high calcium earthworm.
A kind of a kind of way of realization of the cultural method of high calcium earthworm of the invention of embodiment 7, it comprises the following steps:
1) stalk is handled:By 100Kg corn straw smashing, 1cm sizes are ground into, are placed in obturator, added 30Kg mass fractions are 20% ammoniacal liquor, carry out microwave heating and softening, and temperature is 150 DEG C, and time 5h, softening terminates, and is obtained soft Change stalk;
2) preparation of matrix is cultivated:Swine excrement, softening stalk, microbial inoculum are mixed in proportion with calcium activated filter residue, it is described Microbial inoculum is saccharomycete, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus subtilis, photosynthetic bacteria, actinomyces, Trichoderma viride and white-rot fungi, wherein microbial inoculum Mass percent number shared by middle each component is saccharomycete 15%, lactic acid bacteria 10%, bacillus subtilis 10%, photosynthetic bacteria 10%th, actinomyces 10%, Trichoderma viride 15% and white-rot fungi 30%, mixture carry out fermentation maturity, the method for fermentation maturity For swine excrement, softening stalk, microbial inoculum and calcium activated filter residue are carried out into stacking fermentation maturity 6 days, the follow-up continuous fermentation maturity 3 of turning My god, obtain earthworm cultivation substratum;
3) feeding management:Earthworm cultivation substratum is laid on culturing bed, is added compatriot's love victory earthworm seedling, is cultivated, Every 3 days sprinkling calcium activated filtrate once, the water content for keeping earthworm cultivation substratum is 70%, and identical earthworm was added every 5 days Earthworm cultivates matrix, cultivates 65 days;
4) earthworm harvests:Wormcast is successively scraped off with scraper plate under light illumination, drives earthworm to get into culturing bed lower floor, collects and supports On the earthworm of Zhi Chuan lower floors, the big basket for being placed in 5 millimeters of aperture, basket decentralization collection vessel, under light illumination, earthworm is pierced under sieve automatically Container, obtains high calcium earthworm.
Although embodiment of the present invention is disclosed as above, it is not restricted in specification and embodiment listed With it can be applied to various suitable the field of the invention completely, can be easily for those skilled in the art Other modification is realized, therefore under the universal limited without departing substantially from claim and equivalency range, the present invention is not limited In specific details and shown here as the embodiment with description.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of cultural method of high calcium earthworm, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
1) stalk is handled:Stalk is crushed, is placed in obturator, ammoniacal liquor is added, microwave softened is carried out, softening terminates, is obtained Soften stalk;
2) preparation of matrix is cultivated:Animal wastes, softening stalk, microbial inoculum are mixed in proportion with calcium activated filter residue, stacking is carried out Fermentation maturity, obtains earthworm cultivation substratum;
3) feeding management:Earthworm cultivation substratum is laid on culturing bed, is added earthworm seedling, is cultivated, and is sprayed every 2~3 days Spill calcium activated filtrate once, keep the water content of earthworm cultivation substratum, identical earthworm cultivation substratum was added every 5~10 days, Cultivation 55~65 days;
4) earthworm harvests:Wormcast is successively scraped off with scraper plate under light illumination, drives earthworm to get into culturing bed lower floor, culturing bed is collected On the earthworm of lower floor, the big basket for being placed in 3~5 millimeters of aperture, basket decentralization collection vessel, under light illumination, earthworm is pierced under sieve automatically Container, obtains high calcium earthworm.
2. the cultural method of high calcium earthworm according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described stalk be maize straw, One or more in wheat stalk, rice straw, the size that stalk is crushed is 0.01~1cm, and the quality of described ammoniacal liquor is divided Number is 10~20%, and the mass ratio of stalk and ammoniacal liquor is 10:(3~5), the time of described microwave softened is 5~10h, temperature For 110~150 DEG C.
3. the cultural method of high calcium earthworm according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described animal wastes be pig manure, One or more in cow dung, chicken manure, described animal wastes, softening stalk, the quality of microbial inoculum and calcium activated filter residue each component Than for (40~50):(20~30):(1~3):(5~10).
4. the cultural method of high calcium earthworm according to claim 1, it is characterised in that calcium activated filter residue and calcium activated filtrate Preparation method be by the one or more in oyster shell, crab shell, shrimp shell, fish-bone, pig bone, ox bone, sheep bone, dry, grind to form Powder, takes 1~2kg described powder, adds animal wastes 500~1000g, 5~1,000,000,000/g 5~10g of Bacillus acidi lactici, 500~1000mL of water, stirs, and ferments 25~30 days, adjusts pH to 7~8, and filtering obtains calcium activated filter residue and calcium activated Filtrate.
5. the cultural method of high calcium earthworm according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described microbial inoculum is saccharomycete, breast Quality shared by each component in sour bacterium, bacillus subtilis, photosynthetic bacteria, actinomyces, Trichoderma viride and white-rot fungi, wherein microbial inoculum Percentage number be saccharomycete 15~25%, lactic acid bacteria 10~15%, bacillus subtilis 10~15%, photosynthetic bacteria 5~10%, Actinomyces 10~15%, Trichoderma viride 10~15% and white-rot fungi 25~35%.
6. the cultural method of high calcium earthworm according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the method for described fermentation maturity is Animal wastes, softening stalk, microbial inoculum and calcium activated filter residue are subjected to stacking fermentation maturity 4~6 days, the follow-up continuous fermentation maturity of turning 3~4 days.
7. the cultural method of high calcium earthworm according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described earthworm seedling is liked for compatriot Win earthworm, the water content of described earthworm cultivation substratum is 50~70%.
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CN108157302A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-06-15 李大冶 A kind of application of zinc-rich earthworm protein compound and its preparation method and application and zinc-rich wormcast
CN108377975A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-08-10 李大冶 A kind of richness calcium earthworm protein compound and its preparation method and application and by-product richness calcium wormcast
CN108812555A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-16 陈盛联 Utilize the method for kitchen garbage raising earthworm
CN108849757A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-23 陈盛联 The method that changing food waste into resources utilizes
CN110063300A (en) * 2018-01-23 2019-07-30 梁文燊 A method of utilizing marine products processing fent Chicken dung breeding earthworm
CN110404511A (en) * 2019-05-08 2019-11-05 杭州师范大学 A kind of heavy metal absorbent preparation method based on excrement slag earthworm excrement and nanometer calcium
CN111937814A (en) * 2020-08-05 2020-11-17 上海扬升生态农业有限公司 Method for breeding earthworms
CN111974783A (en) * 2020-08-05 2020-11-24 上海扬升生态农业有限公司 Method for treating organic garbage by using earthworms

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CN104774114A (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-07-15 唐山师范学院 Production method for selenium-rich organic fertilizer
CN105746957A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-07-13 陈兹佳 Feed for farming organic earthworms and preparation method thereof

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CN104774114A (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-07-15 唐山师范学院 Production method for selenium-rich organic fertilizer
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Cited By (10)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110063300A (en) * 2018-01-23 2019-07-30 梁文燊 A method of utilizing marine products processing fent Chicken dung breeding earthworm
CN108157302A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-06-15 李大冶 A kind of application of zinc-rich earthworm protein compound and its preparation method and application and zinc-rich wormcast
CN108377975A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-08-10 李大冶 A kind of richness calcium earthworm protein compound and its preparation method and application and by-product richness calcium wormcast
CN108812555A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-16 陈盛联 Utilize the method for kitchen garbage raising earthworm
CN108849757A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-23 陈盛联 The method that changing food waste into resources utilizes
CN108849757B (en) * 2018-06-27 2021-03-19 寰链(上海)环境科技有限公司 Method for resource utilization of kitchen waste
CN108812555B (en) * 2018-06-27 2021-06-04 钟文宇 Method for feeding earthworms by using kitchen waste
CN110404511A (en) * 2019-05-08 2019-11-05 杭州师范大学 A kind of heavy metal absorbent preparation method based on excrement slag earthworm excrement and nanometer calcium
CN111937814A (en) * 2020-08-05 2020-11-17 上海扬升生态农业有限公司 Method for breeding earthworms
CN111974783A (en) * 2020-08-05 2020-11-24 上海扬升生态农业有限公司 Method for treating organic garbage by using earthworms

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