CN106508821A - Method for breeding earthworms through combination of wastewater from cassava starch factories with municipal refuse - Google Patents

Method for breeding earthworms through combination of wastewater from cassava starch factories with municipal refuse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106508821A
CN106508821A CN201611071318.4A CN201611071318A CN106508821A CN 106508821 A CN106508821 A CN 106508821A CN 201611071318 A CN201611071318 A CN 201611071318A CN 106508821 A CN106508821 A CN 106508821A
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earthworm
municipal refuse
days
lumbricuss
wastewater
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朱少忠
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朱少忠
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • A01K67/0332Earthworms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/78Recycling of wood or furniture waste

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for breeding earthworms through combination of wastewater from cassava starch factories with municipal refuse. The wastewater from the cassava starch factories are precipitated firstly, clear water is used as production water to be recycled, the precipitated part contains partial cassava residues and yellow slurry and is drawn to a cement pool, and proper quantities of dry sawdust and leaves are added; the municipal refuse is sorted, and the part containing melons, fruits and waste food residues is placed into the cement pool; the precipitated part and the municipal refuse are evenly stirred in the weight ratio being 3:1 by a stirrer; and then complex probiotics with the weight percentage being 1%-3% are added, the mixture is fermented for half a month or above, the pH value is regulated to range from 6.5 to 7.5, and the mixture is used as an earthworm bed matrix for earthworm breeding. The wastewater from the cassava starch factories and the municipal refuse are treated under the biological action of the earthworms, substances in the wastewater from the cassava starch factories and the municipal refuse are consumed and converted continuously while the earthworms proliferate continuously, that is, waste lime sludge can be reduced, can be harmless and can be recycled.

Description

The method that tapioca factory waste water combines municipal refuse breeding earthworm
Technical field
The invention belongs to animal cultivation method field, and in particular to tapioca factory waste water combines municipal refuse breeding earthworm Method.
Background technology
Lumbricuss are the common names to annelida oligochaeta class animal.In scientific classification, they belong to unidirectional earthworm mesh.Body Body is cylindrical(With the cylinder difference of round worm), both sides are symmetrical, with metamerism:It is made up of more than 100 body segments, After 11st section, the center back for often saving has dorsal pore;Without skeleton, belong to invertebratess, body surface is exposed, anoderm. In addition to body first-half, remaining each section is respectively provided with bristle.Hermaphroditism, allogamy produce ovum by annulus during reproduction Cocoon, breeding are of future generation.Being currently known Lumbricuss has kind more than 2500, and 1837 by most valuable on biologist Darwin referred to as earth The animal of value.
Lumbricuss are poikilothermal animals, and body temperature changes with the change of ambient temperature.Therefore, dependence of the Lumbricuss to environment General more more notable than Homoiotherm, ambient temperature not only affects the body temperature of Lumbricuss and activity, have an effect on Lumbricuss metabolism, Development and reproduction etc., and temperature also produces large effect to other living conditions, so as to remote-effects Lumbricuss.Cause This, temperature is one of most important living condition of Lumbricuss.
In general, in the range of 5~30 DEG C, 0~5 DEG C enters resting state to the active temperature of Lumbricuss, and less than 0 DEG C dead Die, optimum temperature is 20~27 DEG C or so, now can preferably growth promoter and breeding.When 28~30 DEG C, one can be maintained Fixed growth;Growth when more than 32 DEG C stops;When less than 10 DEG C, activity is blunt;It is dead when more than 40 DEG C, earthworm cocoon hatching most suitable 18 ~27 DEG C.It can be seen that the maximum fatal temperature of Lumbricuss is less than other invertebratess.Plant preferably indoors, in southern area, Summer ventilation moisturizing, as long as winter closes window is incubated just energy whole year normal production(Here temperature refers to the temperature of base material, because air Temperature with the temperature of base material be it is different, such as:When 0 DEG C of air themperature, base temperature has 12 DEG C or so;Work as Air Temperature Spend for 38 DEG C when, but only 28 DEG C or so of base temperature, this is because excrement material contains high moisture).
The motion of Lumbricuss and Excreta are highly profitable to the quality for improving soil, and the breathability of soil can be made to keep good, Soil conservation health status are made, agricultural is played an important role.One healthy Lumbricus can overturn in one acre 20~40 every year Ton soil.
Lumbricuss energy chesson, increases the soil organism and improves structure, moreover it is possible in promoting acid or basic soil to be changed into Property soil, increase the quick-acting compositions such as phosphorus, make soil be suitable to the growth of crops.As Lumbricuss contain rich in protein, therefore, Feedstuff as poultry, fowl and culture fishery, can obtain the effect of volume increase.Lumbricuss are pharmaceutically also occupying certain ground Position, is common Chinese crude drug, have antipyretic, spasmolytic, it is active, relieving asthma, the effect such as blood pressure lowering and diuresis.
The specific enzymes of a kind of energy decomposing protein, fat and wood fibre can be secreted out of in Lumbricuss body, therefore, leaveves, rice Grass, feces of livestock and poultry, house refuse, activated sludge and papermaking, the leftover bits and pieces of food industry etc., can be its foodstuffs.Lumbricuss Environmental pollution is eliminated to a certain extent can.Therefore, many countries have all set up vermiculture factory, and vermiculture work Factory is referred to as " environmental purification device ".The trace meters such as hydrargyrum in soil, lead and cadmium, this metalloid element can be absorbed due to Lumbricuss Aggregate amount in the Lumbricuss body is 10 times of extraneous content.Therefore, some scientists think that Lumbricuss can be used as heavy metal in soil The monitoring animal of pollution.
Guangxi is the big province of China Maninot esculenta crantz. production, and the total output of its Maninot esculenta crantz. accounts for the 60% of national yield.The main quilt of Maninot esculenta crantz. For producing starch, according to statistics, the organic wastewater that one ton of starch can produce 15~25 tons of high concentrations is often produced, these waste water are right The water environment in Guangxi causes serious pollution.Contain substantial amounts of soluble protein and aminoacid in cassava starch wastewater, its CODcr typically in thousands of more than mg/L, reaches as high as 20000mg/L.
If starch wastewater not only works the mischief to environment, while also resulting in the waste of water resource without directly discharge is processed. Due to containing substantial amounts of organic substance in waste water, the dissolved oxygen in water can be consumed rapidly into after water body, water body is caused because of anoxia And affect the existence of Fish and other aquatic animals.The organic substance at the bottom can be also promoted to decompose under conditions of anaerobism simultaneously, And ozone is produced, deteriorate water source, pollute environment, so that insulting health, therefore must be administered.
At present, it is main both at home and abroad to carry out conventional Reduction of Students' Study Load process by physics, chemistry and biotechnology to starch wastewater.This It is the significant wastage to resource in fact to plant processing method, recycles the resource in cassava starch wastewater, to realizing sustainable development Exhibition has important practical significance.And currently there are no document and disclose using tapioca factory waste water with reference to municipal refuse supporting Grow Lumbricuss.
The content of the invention
The method that tapioca factory of the present invention waste water combines municipal refuse breeding earthworm, using the biological agent of Lumbricuss to wood Sweet potato starch factory waste water and municipal refuse are processed, Lumbricuss while constantly breeding, tapioca factory waste water and municipal refuse In material be constantly consumed and convert, you can realize the minimizing of garbage filter mud, innoxious and resource.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
The method that a kind of tapioca factory waste water combines municipal refuse breeding earthworm, it comprises the following steps:
(1)Tapioca factory waste water is first precipitated, clear water as industrial water recycle, sediment fraction contain part manioc waste and Sediment fraction is retracted to cement pit by yellow slurry, adds appropriate dry wood flour and leaveves;Municipal refuse will contain melon through sorting Fruit is partially placed into cement pit with useless food slag;Sediment fraction presses 3 with municipal refuse:1 weight proportion is equal with agitator stirring It is even;The compound probiotic that percentage by weight is 1~3% is added, is fermented more than two weeks, pH value is adjusted 6.5~7.5, obtained Earthworm bed substrate;
(2)It is vermiculture feed lot that in transformation, low yield abandons waste field, and weeding is carried out to place, leveling is rolled, and surrounding digs good row Ditch, between earthworm bed, line-spacing is generally 40~45cm, and wide, the deep soil box for being 25~30cm is excavated in line-spacing central authorities, earthworm bedside 130~ 150cm, high 35~40cm, upper strata are covered using agricultural crop straw, and lower floor spreads a height of 20~40cm steps(1)The earthworm bed base for obtaining Matter;
(3)Commodity Lumbricuss seedling or kind Lumbricuss seedling are thrown in, injected volume is controlled in per mu of 250~300kg;
(4)Daily management:Summer earthworm bed substrate thickness is maintained at 20~30cm, carry out sunshade and duty water work with adjust temperature, Humidity, waters 1 time for 1~2 day in the dusk;Winter earthworm bed substrate thickness is maintained at 30~40cm, waters once within 5~10 days, 20~ 30 days plus new earthworm bed substrate 1 time;Ambient temperature is controlled on ordinary days at 18 ~ 26 DEG C, earthworm bed substrate water content is 60 ~ 75%;
(5)Feedstuff is fed, monthly 2 times, before feeding, earthworm bed is first turned over, using heap block upslide method, thickness is 10 centimetres, should not be by bed surface Gai Man, does not ask smooth, to separate Lumbricuss;
(6)Harvesting, harvests 4~6 times for 1 year, and 40~50 days summers harvested once, and spring, 60~80 days autumns harvest once, every time Earthworm bed substrate is supplemented after harvesting, and adjusts cultivation density, planting earthworm will update once every year, and culturing bed is changed once every year.
The compound probiotic is made up of cellulose-decomposing bacteria, nitrobacteria, lactic acid bacteria and Candida utilis, they Weight proportion is 2.8~3:0.6~1.4:2.2~2.8:1.2~1.8, be put into by Semen Maydis powder 14~18%, peptone 1~5%, Cultivate in the culture medium of Sodium Chloride 0.8~1%, yeast extract 1~5%, glucose 6~14% and balance of pure water, at 20~26 DEG C Fermentation 5~8 days.
The agricultural crop straw is mixed for one or more in corn straw, wheat stalk, rice straw or soybean stalk Close.
Step(5)In, it is 10 that the feedstuff for feeding is mass ratio:3:2 cattle manure, sheep stool, the compound of fruit garbage, or Mass ratio is 9:2 horsehit and the compound of food and drink waste residue, or mass ratio be 8:2:1 municipal sludge, cattle manure, rice straw Compound.
Fruit garbage refers to that all useless rotten fruits such as useless rotten apple, pears, Fructus Vitis viniferae, Fructus actinidiae chinensiss, Fructus Citri tangerinae, orange, Fructus Pruni or fruit add The various peels that work is obtained.
Food and drink waste residue refers to the Organic substance that leftovers, leftovers and dish leaf, peel etc. are easily decomposed by the microorganisms, mainly with shallow lake Based on the materials such as powder class, dietary fiber class, Animal fat class, channel predominantly food processing, process, the transport of generation were waited Journey.
Weeds in the application refers to the long grass in wild country.Mainly have:Non-irrigated barnyard grass (Echiinochloa crus-galli L.), Herba Cyperi Difformiss (Cyperus difformis L.), Herba monochoriae vaginaliss (Monochoria vaginalis P.), eye Lay (Potamogeton distinctus A.), flat stalk grass (Scirpus planiculmis F.), wild oat (Avens Fatua L.), amur foxtail (Alopecurus aequalis S.), Herba Digitariae (Digitaria sanguinalis S.), cattle Muscle grass (Eleusine indica G.), green green bristlegrass (Setaria viridis B.), Rhizoma Cyperi (Cyperus rotundu L.), Herba chenopodii (Chenopodium album L.), pale persicaria (Polygonum lapathifolium L.), Amaranthus retroflexus (Amaranthus rclroflcxus L.), ox chickweed (Malachium aquaticum F.) and Herba Imperatae (Imperata cylindrica D.)。
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1st, multiple beneficial bacterium is mixed and made into compound probiotic by the application, with improve breeding environment and promote Lumbricuss growth promoter Effect, each bacterial strain by cooperative compensating functionally, compare single bacterial strain and become apparent from by its effect;
2nd, the method that tapioca factory of the present invention waste water combines municipal refuse breeding earthworm, using the biological agent of Lumbricuss to Maninot esculenta crantz. Wastewater of starch factory and municipal refuse are processed, Lumbricuss while constantly breeding, in tapioca factory waste water and municipal refuse Material be constantly consumed and convert, you can realize the minimizing of garbage filter mud, innoxious and resource;
3rd, using unique earthworm bed substrate, not only garbage is re-used, environment, and contained nutritional labeling is protected It is abundant, with preferable permeability, undesirable microorganism, pathogen, the miscellaneous bacteria source of infection and hazard residue material equal size are less, Lumbricuss growing environment is improved, M & M is reduced, the speed of growth and yield is improve;
4th, it is vermiculture feed lot that in transforming in addition, low yield abandons waste field, solves some areas and is difficult to asking for breeding earthworm Topic so that vermiculture regulation and standardization, promotes the development of vermiculture industry;
5th, present invention process step is simple, abundant raw material, cheap and easy to get, convenient management, promotes the development of vermiculture industry, and The Lumbricuss individuality of output is big, bright in colour, internal nonhazardouss element residual, be of high nutritive value, with preferable economic worth.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:
The method that a kind of tapioca factory waste water combines municipal refuse breeding earthworm, it comprises the following steps:
(1)Tapioca factory waste water is first precipitated, clear water as industrial water recycle, sediment fraction contain part manioc waste and Sediment fraction is retracted to cement pit by yellow slurry, adds appropriate dry wood flour and leaveves;Municipal refuse will contain melon through sorting Fruit is partially placed into cement pit with useless food slag;Sediment fraction presses 3 with municipal refuse:1 weight proportion is equal with agitator stirring It is even;The compound probiotic that percentage by weight is 1% is added, is fermented more than two weeks, pH value is adjusted 6.5~7.5, obtain earthworm Bed substrate;
(2)It is vermiculture feed lot that in transformation, low yield abandons waste field, and weeding is carried out to place, leveling is rolled, and surrounding digs good row Ditch, between earthworm bed, line-spacing is generally 40~45cm, and wide, the deep soil box for being 25~30cm is excavated in line-spacing central authorities, earthworm bedside 130~ 150cm, high 35~40cm, upper strata are covered using agricultural crop straw, and lower floor spreads a height of 20~40cm steps(1)The earthworm bed base for obtaining Matter;
(3)Commodity Lumbricuss seedling or kind Lumbricuss seedling are thrown in, injected volume is controlled in per mu of 250~300kg;
(4)Daily management:Summer earthworm bed substrate thickness is maintained at 20~30cm, carry out sunshade and duty water work with adjust temperature, Humidity, waters 1 time for 1~2 day in the dusk;Winter earthworm bed substrate thickness is maintained at 30~40cm, waters once within 5~10 days, 20~ 30 days plus new earthworm bed substrate 1 time;Ambient temperature is controlled on ordinary days at 18 ~ 26 DEG C, earthworm bed substrate water content is 60 ~ 75%;
(5)Feedstuff is fed, monthly 2 times, before feeding, earthworm bed is first turned over, using heap block upslide method, thickness is 10 centimetres, should not be by bed surface Gai Man, does not ask smooth, to separate Lumbricuss;
(6)Harvesting, harvests 4~6 times for 1 year, and 40~50 days summers harvested once, and spring, 60~80 days autumns harvest once, every time Earthworm bed substrate is supplemented after harvesting, and adjusts cultivation density, planting earthworm will update once every year, and culturing bed is changed once every year.
The compound probiotic is made up of cellulose-decomposing bacteria, nitrobacteria, lactic acid bacteria and Candida utilis, they Weight proportion is 2.8:0.6:2.2:1.2, it is put into by Semen Maydis powder 14%, peptone 1%, Sodium Chloride 0.8%, yeast extract 1%, glucose 6% and balance of pure water culture medium in cultivate, in 20~26 DEG C of bottom fermentations 5~8 days.
The agricultural crop straw is corn straw, wheat stalk, rice straw and soybean stalk, by weight 1:1:1:1 Mixing.
Step(5)In, it is 10 that the feedstuff for feeding is mass ratio:3:2 cattle manure, sheep stool, the compound of fruit garbage.
Embodiment 2:
The method that a kind of tapioca factory waste water combines municipal refuse breeding earthworm, it comprises the following steps:
(1)Tapioca factory waste water is first precipitated, clear water as industrial water recycle, sediment fraction contain part manioc waste and Sediment fraction is retracted to cement pit by yellow slurry, adds appropriate dry wood flour and leaveves;Municipal refuse will contain melon through sorting Fruit is partially placed into cement pit with useless food slag;Sediment fraction presses 3 with municipal refuse:1 weight proportion is equal with agitator stirring It is even;The compound probiotic that percentage by weight is 2% is added, is fermented more than two weeks, pH value is adjusted 6.5~7.5, obtain earthworm Bed substrate;
(2)It is vermiculture feed lot that in transformation, low yield abandons waste field, and weeding is carried out to place, leveling is rolled, and surrounding digs good row Ditch, between earthworm bed, line-spacing is generally 40~45cm, and wide, the deep soil box for being 25~30cm is excavated in line-spacing central authorities, earthworm bedside 130~ 150cm, high 35~40cm, upper strata are covered using agricultural crop straw, and lower floor spreads a height of 20~40cm steps(1)The earthworm bed base for obtaining Matter;
(3)Commodity Lumbricuss seedling or kind Lumbricuss seedling are thrown in, injected volume is controlled in per mu of 250~300kg;
(4)Daily management:Summer earthworm bed substrate thickness is maintained at 20~30cm, carry out sunshade and duty water work with adjust temperature, Humidity, waters 1 time for 1~2 day in the dusk;Winter earthworm bed substrate thickness is maintained at 30~40cm, waters once within 5~10 days, 20~ 30 days plus new earthworm bed substrate 1 time;Ambient temperature is controlled on ordinary days at 18 ~ 26 DEG C, earthworm bed substrate water content is 60 ~ 75%;
(5)Feedstuff is fed, monthly 2 times, before feeding, earthworm bed is first turned over, using heap block upslide method, thickness is 10 centimetres, should not be by bed surface Gai Man, does not ask smooth, to separate Lumbricuss;
(6)Harvesting, harvests 4~6 times for 1 year, and 40~50 days summers harvested once, and spring, 60~80 days autumns harvest once, every time Earthworm bed substrate is supplemented after harvesting, and adjusts cultivation density, planting earthworm will update once every year, and culturing bed is changed once every year.
The compound probiotic is made up of cellulose-decomposing bacteria, nitrobacteria, lactic acid bacteria and Candida utilis, they Weight proportion is 2.9:1:2.5:1.5, it is put into by Semen Maydis powder 16%, peptone 3%, Sodium Chloride 0.9%, yeast extract 35%, glucose 10% and balance of pure water culture medium in cultivate, in 20~26 DEG C of bottom fermentations 5~8 days.
The agricultural crop straw is corn straw and wheat stalk, by weight 5:1 mixing.
Step(5)In, it is 9 that the feedstuff for feeding is mass ratio:2 horsehit and the compound of food and drink waste residue.
Embodiment 3:
The method that a kind of tapioca factory waste water combines municipal refuse breeding earthworm, it comprises the following steps:
(1)Tapioca factory waste water is first precipitated, clear water as industrial water recycle, sediment fraction contain part manioc waste and Sediment fraction is retracted to cement pit by yellow slurry, adds appropriate dry wood flour and leaveves;Municipal refuse will contain melon through sorting Fruit is partially placed into cement pit with useless food slag;Sediment fraction presses 3 with municipal refuse:1 weight proportion is equal with agitator stirring It is even;The compound probiotic that percentage by weight is 3% is added, is fermented more than two weeks, pH value is adjusted 6.5~7.5, obtain earthworm Bed substrate;
(2)It is vermiculture feed lot that in transformation, low yield abandons waste field, and weeding is carried out to place, leveling is rolled, and surrounding digs good row Ditch, between earthworm bed, line-spacing is generally 40~45cm, and wide, the deep soil box for being 25~30cm is excavated in line-spacing central authorities, earthworm bedside 130~ 150cm, high 35~40cm, upper strata are covered using agricultural crop straw, and lower floor spreads a height of 20~40cm steps(1)The earthworm bed base for obtaining Matter;
(3)Commodity Lumbricuss seedling or kind Lumbricuss seedling are thrown in, injected volume is controlled in per mu of 250~300kg;
(4)Daily management:Summer earthworm bed substrate thickness is maintained at 20~30cm, carry out sunshade and duty water work with adjust temperature, Humidity, waters 1 time for 1~2 day in the dusk;Winter earthworm bed substrate thickness is maintained at 30~40cm, waters once within 5~10 days, 20~ 30 days plus new earthworm bed substrate 1 time;Ambient temperature is controlled on ordinary days at 18 ~ 26 DEG C, earthworm bed substrate water content is 60 ~ 75%;
(5)Feedstuff is fed, monthly 2 times, before feeding, earthworm bed is first turned over, using heap block upslide method, thickness is 10 centimetres, should not be by bed surface Gai Man, does not ask smooth, to separate Lumbricuss;
(6)Harvesting, harvests 4~6 times for 1 year, and 40~50 days summers harvested once, and spring, 60~80 days autumns harvest once, every time Earthworm bed substrate is supplemented after harvesting, and adjusts cultivation density, planting earthworm will update once every year, and culturing bed is changed once every year.
The compound probiotic is made up of cellulose-decomposing bacteria, nitrobacteria, lactic acid bacteria and Candida utilis, they Weight proportion is 3: 1.4: 2.8:1.8, it is put into by Semen Maydis powder 18%, peptone 5%, Sodium Chloride 1%, yeast extract 5%, glucose 14% and balance of pure water culture medium in cultivate, in 20~26 DEG C of bottom fermentations 5~8 days.
The agricultural crop straw is rice straw or soybean stalk, by weight 2:3 mixing.
Step(5)In, it is 8 that the feedstuff for feeding is mass ratio:2:1 municipal sludge, cattle manure, the compound of rice straw.
Contrast test:
Four mu of ground are chosen, the breeding earthworm method of embodiment 1-3 is respectively adopted and is adopted most fields mound in the market thick Put the mode grown in a suitable place to breed and raise Lumbricuss, with " peaceful No. two " Lumbricuss test, thrown in the amount of every mu of 250kg, carried out in aforementioned manners Raise 60 days, following table is two groups of correction datas:
The earthworm culture method of the embodiment of the present application 1-3 finally obtains yield and improves than common cultured output as seen from the above table 80% or so, and be difficult to fall ill, the Lumbricuss of output are bright in colour, active high.
The each 2kg of Lumbricuss in Example 1-3 and matched group, measures the nutrient substance composition in its dry weight body respectively, under Table is correction data:
The earthworm culture method of the embodiment of the present application 1-3 finally obtains nutriture value of the yield than common cultivation as seen from the above table Value is higher, and contents of heavy metal elements is low, with higher economic worth.

Claims (4)

1. the method that a kind of tapioca factory waste water combines municipal refuse breeding earthworm, it is characterised in that it comprises the following steps:
(1)Tapioca factory waste water is first precipitated, clear water as industrial water recycle, sediment fraction contain part manioc waste and Sediment fraction is retracted to cement pit by yellow slurry, adds appropriate dry wood flour and leaveves;Municipal refuse will contain melon through sorting Fruit is partially placed into cement pit with useless food slag;Sediment fraction presses 3 with municipal refuse:1 weight proportion is equal with agitator stirring It is even;The compound probiotic that percentage by weight is 1~3% is added, is fermented more than two weeks, pH value is adjusted 6.5~7.5, obtained Earthworm bed substrate;
(2)It is vermiculture feed lot that in transformation, low yield abandons waste field, and weeding is carried out to place, leveling is rolled, and surrounding digs good row Ditch, between earthworm bed, line-spacing is generally 40~45cm, and wide, the deep soil box for being 25~30cm is excavated in line-spacing central authorities, earthworm bedside 130~ 150cm, high 35~40cm, upper strata are covered using agricultural crop straw, and lower floor spreads a height of 20~40cm steps(1)The earthworm bed base for obtaining Matter;
(3)Commodity Lumbricuss seedling or kind Lumbricuss seedling are thrown in, injected volume is controlled in per mu of 250~300kg;
(4)Daily management:Summer earthworm bed substrate thickness is maintained at 20~30cm, carry out sunshade and duty water work with adjust temperature, Humidity, waters 1 time for 1~2 day in the dusk;Winter earthworm bed substrate thickness is maintained at 30~40cm, waters once within 5~10 days, 20~ 30 days plus new earthworm bed substrate 1 time;Ambient temperature is controlled on ordinary days at 18 ~ 26 DEG C, earthworm bed substrate water content is 60 ~ 75%;
(5)Feedstuff is fed, monthly 2 times, before feeding, earthworm bed is first turned over, using heap block upslide method, thickness is 10 centimetres, should not be by bed surface Gai Man, does not ask smooth, to separate Lumbricuss;
(6)Harvesting, harvests 4~6 times for 1 year, and 40~50 days summers harvested once, and spring, 60~80 days autumns harvest once, every time Earthworm bed substrate is supplemented after harvesting, and adjusts cultivation density, planting earthworm will update once every year, and culturing bed is changed once every year.
2. the method that tapioca factory waste water combines municipal refuse breeding earthworm according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute State compound probiotic to be made up of cellulose-decomposing bacteria, nitrobacteria, lactic acid bacteria and Candida utilis, their weight proportion is 2.8~3:0.6~1.4:2.2~2.8:1.2~1.8, be put into by Semen Maydis powder 14~18%, peptone 1~5%, Sodium Chloride 0.8~ 1%th, cultivate in the culture medium of yeast extract 1~5%, glucose 6~14% and balance of pure water, in 20~26 DEG C of bottom fermentations 5~8 days .
3. the method that tapioca factory waste water combines municipal refuse breeding earthworm according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute Agricultural crop straw is stated for one or more mixing in corn straw, wheat stalk, rice straw or soybean stalk.
4. the method that tapioca factory waste water combines municipal refuse breeding earthworm according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step Suddenly(5)In, it is 10 that the feedstuff for feeding is mass ratio:3:2 cattle manure, sheep stool, the compound of fruit garbage, or mass ratio are 9: 2 horsehit and the compound of food and drink waste residue, or mass ratio be 8:2:1 municipal sludge, cattle manure, the compound of rice straw.
CN201611071318.4A 2016-11-29 2016-11-29 Method for breeding earthworms through combination of wastewater from cassava starch factories with municipal refuse Pending CN106508821A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107347815A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-11-17 封之强 Utilize biological bacteria and the method for biological agent processing sulfurous method filter mud breeding earthworm
CN108094328A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-06-01 广西武宣金泰丰农业科技发展有限公司 The method that cow dung combines bean jelly processing factory Chinese mesona herb slag breeding earthworm
CN109896715A (en) * 2019-03-30 2019-06-18 安徽科技学院 A method of utilizing earthworm continuous processing sludge
CN109913439A (en) * 2019-02-28 2019-06-21 常州市顺旭商贸有限公司 A kind of preparation method of complex enzyme Biostimulation agent

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107347815A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-11-17 封之强 Utilize biological bacteria and the method for biological agent processing sulfurous method filter mud breeding earthworm
CN108094328A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-06-01 广西武宣金泰丰农业科技发展有限公司 The method that cow dung combines bean jelly processing factory Chinese mesona herb slag breeding earthworm
CN109913439A (en) * 2019-02-28 2019-06-21 常州市顺旭商贸有限公司 A kind of preparation method of complex enzyme Biostimulation agent
CN109896715A (en) * 2019-03-30 2019-06-18 安徽科技学院 A method of utilizing earthworm continuous processing sludge

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