CN107278707A - One kind connects a warm canopy jujube cultural method - Google Patents

One kind connects a warm canopy jujube cultural method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107278707A
CN107278707A CN201710679988.2A CN201710679988A CN107278707A CN 107278707 A CN107278707 A CN 107278707A CN 201710679988 A CN201710679988 A CN 201710679988A CN 107278707 A CN107278707 A CN 107278707A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
branch
jujube
planting
warm canopy
soil
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Pending
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CN201710679988.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李兰华
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Wuhu County Orchid Nectarine Planting Cooperatives
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Wuhu County Orchid Nectarine Planting Cooperatives
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Priority to CN201710679988.2A priority Critical patent/CN107278707A/en
Publication of CN107278707A publication Critical patent/CN107278707A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses an one kind even warm canopy jujube cultural method, include field selection, warm canopy build, be colonized, configure pollinizers, treelet and manage, in terms of pruning, even a warm canopy jujube cultural method is by planning of science activities jujube garden by the present invention, it is determined that rationally jujube cultivation density, does shaping surely in time, culture high yield is tree-like, change jujube tree dormancy, the planting cost of jujube tree is not only reduced, while fruit output is high, quality is good, and fruit can be allowed to do sth. in advance listing, increase the output value.

Description

One kind connects a warm canopy jujube cultural method
Technical field
The present invention relates to planting technology field, more particularly to an a kind of even warm canopy jujube cultural method.
Background technology
Jujube tree is a kind of dungarunga for being grown in Temperate Region in China, spends small more sweet, and fruit is jujube, and Long Circle is yellow during prematurity Maroon after color, maturation, can eat raw and may be made as dry fruit or preserved fruit etc..Pharmacological research is found:Jujube can promote leucocyte Generation, reduce serum cholesterol, improve seralbumin, protect liver, also containing suppressing cancer cell in jujube, or even can make Cancer cell is rich in calcium and iron in jujube to the material of normal cell turnover, and they have important work to preventing and treating osteoporosis production anaemia With, jujube can with antiallergy, whet the appetite.In recent years, as the improvement of people's living standards, health care consciousness gradually strengthens, Jujube substantially increases as the excellent fruit of food therapy effect, market demand, so as to also promote the development of jujube cultivation technology.
Traditional jujube plantation faces that building well is lack of standardization, and seeding row spacing is unreasonable, the problems such as nursery stock regularity is poor, this plantation Several years ago receipts fruit less, benefit it is low or without benefit, the trees after growing into forest do not take fixed tree-like promotion nutrition conversion results again Measure, it is impossible to high yield, at the same traditional cultivation management mainly using spray gibberellin, spray foliar fertilizer and break except the first-class technology of jujube and carry The fruit-setting rate of high jujube, efficiency and cost be not reciprocity, and does not focus on the prevention and control to pest and disease damage in growth course, spends a large amount of moneys Source is prevented and treated, and this has resulted in jujube and yielded poorly, and peasant is unable to increasing both production and income, affects the enthusiasm of peasant planting jujube tree.
Based on this, the present inventor plants the plantation knowwhy of experience and science by jujube for many years, is focusing on high yield On the premise of focus on Growth status simultaneously there is provided an one kind even warm canopy jujube cultural method, to improve the plantation of current oil jujube Yield and quality.
The content of the invention
The object of the invention is exactly that there is provided an one kind even warm canopy jujube cultural method in order to make up the defect of prior art.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
One kind even warm canopy jujube cultural method, including following aspect:
(1)Field is selected:Selection faces south, landform is open, plot without long-term ponding, soil selection draining is good, permeability is strong, Aeration is good, level of ground water is low sandy soil and glutinous loam;
(2)Warm canopy is built:By garden soil it is smooth after the warm canopy of a company of building, each connect a warm canopy size control and exist(20-22)× (48-52)Rice;
(3)Field planting:Smooth, discrepancy in elevation soil 5cm in every 3-4 hectare areas is carried out before field planting to soil, north and south row is used in greenhouse To field planting seeding row spacing is(2-2.2)×(3-3.5)Rice, and 1-1.2 meters of width is dug by line-spacing, deep 0.3-0.5 meters field planting ditch is pressed Spacing in the rows digs 0.7-0.9 meters of depth in field planting ditch, and the planting pit that 0.8-1 meters of diameter, by the native subsoil pile up separately of table, is dug behind cave, often Spreaded manuer in holes decomposed manure 10-15kg, and bottom is inserted after fertilizer, table soil are mixed, then nursery stock is put into planting pit, is alignd anyhow, Righting nursery stock, having peace of mind of banketing;
(4)Configure pollinizers:It is according to main breed and pollinizers(10-11):1 proportional arrangement pollinizers;
(5)Treelet manages:In being done surely before rudiment, heading height is 40-50 centimetres, and young date tree will remove weak in time Branch, overstocked branch, thin and delicate branch, sick branch, the position developmental branch that improperly branch of excessive growth and major branch base portion germinate, while retaining skeleton branch Upper abducent extension branch and peripheral jujube head branch, raw raw jujube head branch on the upside of perennial skeleton branch and have substantial amounts of The jujube head of 2 branches and jujube stock;
(6)Pruning:42 branches are selected after doing calmly in shaping strip, the wherein azimuth of lower end 3 is that 100-120 degree is mutual It is straggly, stay a cutting back and carve wound in 1-1.2 centimeters on bud, facilitate main bud to sprout, after main bud sprouts into developmental branch, top is sprouted Being cultivated as center is dry for hair, is upwardly extended, lower end 3 opens 60-70 degree angles and is trained the 1st layer of major branch, and remaining position is sprouted The developmental branch of hair is all removed, before next year green sprouting, in do after butt, selected 2 times with the 1st layer of 3 major branch both sides under clip Branch, by staying a cutting back, carving and done in the above-mentioned identical method extension such as wound, the 2nd layer of major branch of configuration and the 1st layer of each side shoot of major branch, And other major branches, side shoot and its unit branch are configured using same manner after.
Soil selects thickness more than 70 centimetres in the step 1, and salinity is below 0.3%, and pH value is between 5-7.5, ground Lower water level is at 2-3 meters.
Ensure that rhizome maintains an equal level with ground in the step 3 during seedling planting, and pour permeable after field planting, after 7-10 days again Fill a water.
Dry product kind processed configures the pollinizers of dry product kind processed in the step 4, eats the pollinizers that kind is eaten in kind configuration raw raw.
It is an advantage of the invention that:
Even a warm canopy jujube cultural method is by planning of science activities jujube garden by the present invention, it is determined that rationally jujube cultivation density, fixed in time dry Shaping, culture high yield is tree-like, changes jujube tree dormancy, the planting cost of jujube tree is not only reduced, while fruit output is high, quality It is good, and fruit can be allowed to do sth. in advance listing, increase the output value.
Embodiment
One kind even warm canopy jujube cultural method, including following aspect:
(1)Field is selected:Selection faces south, landform is open, plot without long-term ponding, and soil selects thickness more than 70 centimetres, Salinity is below 0.3%, and pH value is between 5-7.5, sandy soil and glutinous loam of the level of ground water at 2-3 meters;
(2)Warm canopy is built:By garden soil it is smooth after the warm canopy of a company of building, each connect a warm canopy size control at 20 × 50 meters;
(3)Field planting:Field planting before to soil carry out smooth, discrepancy in elevation soil 5cm in every 4 hectare area, in greenhouse use north and south row to, It is 2 × 3 meters to be colonized seeding row spacing, and digs wide 1 meter, deep 0.4 meter field planting ditch by line-spacing, digs deep 0.8 meter in field planting ditch by spacing in the rows, The planting pit that 1 meter of diameter, the native subsoil pile up separately of table is dug behind cave, often spread manuer in holes decomposed manure 10kg, and fertilizer, table soil is mixed Bottom is inserted after even, then nursery stock is put into planting pit, it is ensured that rhizome maintains an equal level with ground, aligns anyhow, righting nursery stock is banketed and stepped on It is real, and pour permeable after field planting, fill a water again after 7 days;
(4)Configure pollinizers:It is 10 according to main breed and pollinizers:1 proportional arrangement pollinizers, wherein dry product kind processed is configured The pollinizers of dry product kind processed, eat the pollinizers that kind is eaten in kind configuration raw raw;
(5)Treelet manages:In being done surely before rudiment, heading height is 45 centimetres, and young date tree will remove weak branch, mistake in time Close branch, thin and delicate branch, sick branch, position improperly the branch of excessive growth and major branch base portion germinating developmental branch, while retain skeleton branch on to The extension branch of external expansion and peripheral jujube head branch, raw raw jujube head branch on the upside of perennial skeleton branch and have substantial amounts of 2 times The jujube head of branch and jujube stock;
(6)Pruning:42 branches are selected after doing calmly in shaping strip, the wherein azimuth of lower end 3 is 120 degree of mutually mistakes Fall, stay a cutting back and carve wound in 1 centimeters on bud, facilitate main bud to sprout, after main bud sprouts into developmental branch, the work that top is sprouted Centered on do culture, upwardly extend, lower end 3 opens 60 degree of angles and is trained the 1st layer of major branch, the developmental branch that remaining position is sprouted All remove, before next year green sprouting, in do after butt, under clip and the 1st layer of 3 major branch both sides select 2 branches, by staying stake Do, the 2nd layer of major branch of configuration and the 1st layer of each side shoot of major branch, and used afterwards in the above-mentioned identical method extension such as cutting back, quarter wound Same manner configures other major branches, side shoot and its unit branch.
Winter jujube character of fruitage is planted well by this method, fruit high yield, grafting, which rises, to be planted then with regard to that can see fruit, and jujube hangs seat Fruit coefficient 0.6, shedding is not easy before adopting.

Claims (4)

1. one kind even warm canopy jujube cultural method, it is characterised in that selected by field, warm canopy is built, is colonized, configure pollinizers, The processes such as treelet management, pruning are constituted:
(1)Field is selected:Selection faces south, landform is open, plot without long-term ponding, soil selection draining is good, permeability is strong, Aeration is good, level of ground water is low sandy soil and glutinous loam;
(2)Warm canopy is built:By garden soil it is smooth after the warm canopy of a company of building, each connect a warm canopy size control and exist(20-22)× (48-52)Rice;
(3)Field planting:Smooth, discrepancy in elevation soil 5cm in every 3-4 hectare areas is carried out before field planting to soil, north and south row is used in greenhouse To field planting seeding row spacing is(2-2.2)×(3-3.5)Rice, and 1-1.2 meters of width is dug by line-spacing, deep 0.3-0.5 meters field planting ditch is pressed Spacing in the rows digs 0.7-0.9 meters of depth in field planting ditch, and the planting pit that 0.8-1 meters of diameter, by the native subsoil pile up separately of table, is dug behind cave, often Spreaded manuer in holes decomposed manure 10-15kg, and bottom is inserted after fertilizer, table soil are mixed, then nursery stock is put into planting pit, is alignd anyhow, Righting nursery stock, having peace of mind of banketing;
(4)Configure pollinizers:It is according to main breed and pollinizers(10-11):1 proportional arrangement pollinizers;
(5)Treelet manages:In being done surely before rudiment, heading height is 40-50 centimetres, and young date tree will remove weak in time Branch, overstocked branch, thin and delicate branch, sick branch, the position developmental branch that improperly branch of excessive growth and major branch base portion germinate, while retaining skeleton branch Upper abducent extension branch and peripheral jujube head branch, raw raw jujube head branch on the upside of perennial skeleton branch and have substantial amounts of The jujube head of 2 branches and jujube stock;
(6)Pruning:42 branches are selected after doing calmly in shaping strip, the wherein azimuth of lower end 3 is that 100-120 degree is mutual It is straggly, stay a cutting back and carve wound in 1-1.2 centimeters on bud, facilitate main bud to sprout, after main bud sprouts into developmental branch, top is sprouted Being cultivated as center is dry for hair, is upwardly extended, lower end 3 opens 60-70 degree angles and is trained the 1st layer of major branch, and remaining position is sprouted The developmental branch of hair is all removed, before next year green sprouting, in do after butt, selected 2 times with the 1st layer of 3 major branch both sides under clip Branch, by staying a cutting back, carving and done in the above-mentioned identical method extension such as wound, the 2nd layer of major branch of configuration and the 1st layer of each side shoot of major branch, And other major branches, side shoot and its unit branch are configured using same manner after.
2. the warm canopy jujube cultural method of company according to claim 1, it is characterised in that soil is selected in the step 1 Thickness is more than 70 centimetres, and salinity is below 0.3%, and pH value is between 5-7.5, and level of ground water is at 2-3 meters.
3. the warm canopy jujube cultural method of company according to claim 1, it is characterised in that seedling planting in the step 3 When ensure that rhizome and ground maintain an equal level, and pour permeable after field planting, filled a water again after 7-10 days.
4. the warm canopy jujube cultural method of company according to claim 1, it is characterised in that dry product kind processed in the step 4 The pollinizers of configuration dry product kind processed, eat the pollinizers that kind is eaten in kind configuration raw raw.
CN201710679988.2A 2017-08-10 2017-08-10 One kind connects a warm canopy jujube cultural method Pending CN107278707A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710679988.2A CN107278707A (en) 2017-08-10 2017-08-10 One kind connects a warm canopy jujube cultural method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102326500A (en) * 2011-08-20 2012-01-25 山西省农业科学院园艺研究所 Tree form suitable for pocket culturing of jujube trees and trimming method thereof
CN102550354A (en) * 2012-02-20 2012-07-11 刘喜平 High-yield anti-fruit-cracking cultivation method for jujube
CN103444481A (en) * 2013-09-06 2013-12-18 塔里木大学 Method for planting red dates in gobi field of arid region
CN104396665A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-03-11 强国生 Organic red date planting method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102326500A (en) * 2011-08-20 2012-01-25 山西省农业科学院园艺研究所 Tree form suitable for pocket culturing of jujube trees and trimming method thereof
CN102550354A (en) * 2012-02-20 2012-07-11 刘喜平 High-yield anti-fruit-cracking cultivation method for jujube
CN103444481A (en) * 2013-09-06 2013-12-18 塔里木大学 Method for planting red dates in gobi field of arid region
CN104396665A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-03-11 强国生 Organic red date planting method

Non-Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
吕伍民: "日光温室红枣优质丰产栽培技术", 《新疆农垦科技》 *
李新岗等: "《陕北红枣优质高效栽培》", 29 February 2012 *
李明才等: "设施红枣高效有机栽培技术", 《新疆农垦科技》 *
漆联全: "《新疆红枣高产栽培技术》", 31 December 2006 *
薛振乾: "红枣温室栽培技术", 《西北园艺》 *
阿依买木等: "设施栽培红枣生长发育规律调查试验", 《中国园艺文摘》 *

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Application publication date: 20171024

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