CN105724053B - A kind of field production method of hickory chick - Google Patents

A kind of field production method of hickory chick Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105724053B
CN105724053B CN201610097010.0A CN201610097010A CN105724053B CN 105724053 B CN105724053 B CN 105724053B CN 201610097010 A CN201610097010 A CN 201610097010A CN 105724053 B CN105724053 B CN 105724053B
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compartment
sunshade net
hickory chick
layer
sowing
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CN105724053A (en
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席桢鹏
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Beichuan Shennong Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Beichuan Shennong Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/60Cultivation rooms; Equipment therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of field production methods of hickory chick, including build Ping Peng, open compartment sowing, kind plant, irrigate infiltration and field management;It is included in the next spring compartment face in field management and grows hickory chick former base, and draws high second layer sunshade net to 45cm ~ 55cm above the face of compartment when the compartment face soil moisture reaches 10 DEG C;Gradually second layer sunshade net is drawn high to 195cm ~ 205cm above the face of compartment when temperature rise is to 15 DEG C ~ 20 DEG C;Second layer sunshade net and it is arranged in the process and keeps spacing between the black sunshade net on top;Receive bacterium:It is harvested according to specification after Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers sporophore is grown.Cultural method disclosed by the invention can effectively control the product quality of hickory chick, improve the yield of hickory chick.

Description

A kind of field production method of hickory chick
Technical field
The present invention relates to planting edible mushroom technical fields, and in particular to arrives a kind of field production method of hickory chick.
Background technology
Hickory chick is also known as sheep tripe dish, sheep mushroom, sheep tripe mushroom;It breathes with cough for stagnation of QI due to dyspepsia, abdominal fullness and distention, phlegm stops up the circulation of vital energy in the wrong direction, is one The precious edible mushroom of kind and medicinal fungus.Hickory chick was found in 1818, and structure is similar to cup fungi, and top is netted in fold, Both it as a honeycomb, also like a sheep tripe, thus gains the name.
Hickory chick is grown in the needle broad-leaf forest mixed forest of 70 meters ~ 3500 meters or so of height above sea level, is grown on broad-leaved forest land more Upper and roadside, single life or all living creatures.Also some growth is in poplar forest, orchard, meadow, river shoal, Yushulin, Chinese scholartree woods and above-mentioned woods The roadside river bank on side.Single or growth in flakes, soil property are generally husky alkalinity or slightly biased alkalinity.General early March to May fruiting compared with It is more, belong to medicine and eats general bacterium.
To the artificial cultivation method of hickory chick, there are one unified standard and balancing method, existing skills currently on the market The method for building arched shed or flat canopy is mostly used in art.Arcuately sunshade is divided into Small plastic shed and big arch shed, arcuately the cultivation of sunshade There are problems, such as the size of single canopy to be easy to be restricted for training mode, in hot transitive set;For building Small plastic shed Cultural method, have the characteristics that small investment, but the arcuate structure and closure due to arched shed are good, so accumulated temperature height can be caused And the case where anoxic, cause hickory chick to occur receiving the result that the mushroom time is short, Fruiting quality is poor in growth course.And Small plastic shed is not Conducive to being manually entered operation and management.
For the cultural method of big arch shed, convenient for being manually entered operation, the accumulated temperature that can also alleviate Small plastic shed appearance is excessively high With production weight oxygen deficit problem, but it can not fundamentally solve the problems, such as to cool down and supply oxygen, to hickory chick fruiting and quality It cannot be regulated completely.The cultural method that general flat canopy is built, mostly with high 1.5 meters or so, using 3 meters × 4 meters or so away from From bamboo stake based on, it is not limited to by single canopy size, and the height limitation of canopy is sealed using sunshade net.This side Formula heating surface becomes tip heat transfer, can reach appropriate and adjust the problem of reducing accumulated temperature in canopy, but due to canopy limited height, and it is close Reality is obturaged, is less conducive to air flowing in canopy, to influence supply of the hickory chick growth period to the enough demands of oxygen, is manually entered behaviour Make inconvenient.Such as the Chinese patent CN103202177 A having disclosed, disclose a kind of cultural method of hickory chick:Step Rapid one:Field prepares:Soil is stirred 2-3 times before sowing, is spaced grand compartment and ditching, the wide 90-110 ㎝ in compartment face, furrow width 30-40 ㎝, ditch depth 20-30cm;
Step 2:Hickory chick and wheat cultivation:75-150Kg mus of hickory chick strains are broadcasted sowing in compartment face, then cover one layer of soil 4- 6cm;10-20Kg/ mus of composite fertilizers are applied after watering;It applies composite fertilizer and broadcasts sowing 2 ~ 5Kg/ mus of wheats after 1-10 days on the face of compartment again, cover Lid sunshade net, 2-3 days/time of watering;It wherein covers after soil when one layer of soil is ditching is smashed and is covered in compartment face, cover hickory chick bacterium Kind;
Step 3:Apply hickory chick growth promoter:35-45 days after wheat cultivation, compartment face applies hickory chick growth and promotes 1400-1800 bags/mu of agent;
Step 4:Hickory chick fruiting adopts mushroom field management:Shading, watering, compartment surface humidity 60-80%, sunshade net is with hickory chick It is increased with the growing height of wheat;
Step 5:Wheat field management:Weeding, top dressing.
It, which is can be seen that, from document disclosed above only covers sunshade net after seeding and fertilizing in hickory chick, and not according to Planting environment, temperature adjust the height of sunshade net so that are easier accumulated temperature occur in cultivation, ventilation is worse, and oxygen supplies Answer poor problem.
In addition, when the arched shed used in the prior art or flat canopy are cultivated, due to temperature, oxygen content, ventilation condition etc. It is unfavorable to control, and does not pay attention to the control to Fruiting quality so that the head difference of mushroom is too big after fruiting, is often needed after receiving mushroom Carry out secondary classification.
Invention content
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of field production methods of hickory chick, by adjusting existing flat canopy cultural method, Parameter in cultivation is precisely controlled so that receive mushroom product quality and stablize, single mushroom volume and weight difference is small.
In order to achieve the above object, a kind of field production method of hickory chick is provided in one embodiment of the present of invention, including Following steps:
(1)Build flat canopy:Staking out is inserted on the soil for need out compartment, staking out is evenly distributed on the face of compartment, and is kept Then appropriate spacing builds the 4 needle sunshade nets that light transmittance is 70% at the top of staking out and surrounding;The sunshade net of flat canopy surrounding is not Sealing, sunshade net and ground keep 30 centimetres or more of spacing;
(2)Open compartment sowing:Compartment is opened into the plot in staking out using rotary cultivator, then compartment face surrounding be arranged gutter or Channel, and the height in compartment face is higher than the height 0.15m ~ 0.2m in gutter or channel;Again ready healthy and strong strain from strain It takes out and is rubbed to uniform in bag, then uniform broadcasting is to the compartment face held successfully, then hooks, stirs soil and make strain all by soil Covering;
(3)Between plant plant:The lima bean of compartment face edge plantation plant height 30cm ~ 100cm after planting in winter, the nest of lima bean Away from holding 0.15m ~ 0.2m;
(4)Irrigate infiltration:Bedding can move up and down the second layer screening for adjusting terrain clearance on the face of compartment after sowing Screened postive, and discharge water to allow in channel in moisture penetration to compartment face and keep suitable moisture;Sowing is placed after 10 days ~ 15 days on the face of compartment Nutrient bag;Nutrient bag is taken away after placing release fertilizer efficiency, and second layer sunshade net is drawn high to 8cm ~ 12cm above the face of compartment, then The irrigation that discharges water makes carriage body infiltration be suitble to moisture;
(5)Field management:Hickory chick former base is grown in the next spring compartment face, and when compartment face soil moisture reaches 10 DEG C will Second layer sunshade net is drawn high to 45cm ~ 55cm above the face of compartment;Second layer sunshade net is drawn high to compartment when temperature rise is to 15 DEG C 95cm ~ 105cm above face;Second layer sunshade net is drawn high to 145cm ~ 155cm above the face of compartment when temperature rise is to 18 DEG C;When Temperature rise is drawn high second layer sunshade net to 195cm ~ 205cm above the face of compartment at 20 DEG C;Second layer sunshade in the process Spacing is kept between net and first layer black sunshade net;
(6)Receive bacterium:It is harvested according to specification after Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers sporophore is grown.
One of the optimal enforcement scheme of the present invention, staking out are concrete column, bamboo stake or the coating steel pipe marked as No. 25, ground Upper height is 2.5m or more, and distribution spacing is 4m × 6m.
The width of one of the optimal enforcement scheme of the present invention, compartment face is 0.8m, and gutter or channel width are 0.4m.
One of the optimal enforcement scheme of the present invention, first layer sunshade net are 4 needle sunshade nets, and the second layer sunshade net is 3 Needle sunshade net.
One of the optimal enforcement scheme of the present invention, compartment face is placed with three row's nutrient bags, often arrange be divided between nutrient bag 60cm ~ 70cm。
The fertilizer efficiency release time of one of the optimal enforcement scheme of the present invention, nutrient bag is 40 days.
In conclusion the present invention has the following advantages:
1, the present invention sows the height and width in compartment face convenient for control by the scaffolding mode of innovation using Multilayer Network pattern Degree, the width for increasing irrigation canals and ditches under compartment are conducive to mechanized operation and manual operation, and alleviate the defect of accumulated temperature height and anoxic in canopy and lead Bacterium phase short problem is adopted in cause.
2, the present invention is adjusted by the height in different soils growing temperatures adjusting second layer sunshade net with reaching The growth of compartment face weeds, the purpose for adjusting canopy iuuminting rate and temperature, a stable growth ring is provided for the growth of hickory chick Border and temperature environment, make hickory chick increase production, and product quality is uniform.
3, make between the present invention passes through with season crop, reserved 0.3 meter of gap netted to make up outer layer side using the plant height of lima bean, Have the function that adjust canopy iuuminting rate and oxygen content;Using the effect of the rhizobium fixed nitrogen of lima bean, carried for the growth of hickory chick For sufficient green nitrogen source;The lima bean of suitable density can play the role of soil moisturizing;It is hickory chick using its biological nature Biological nitrogen fertilizer is provided, shade environment, humidity is adjusted and increases the purpose of oxygen supply, hickory chick is made to increase production.
Specific implementation mode
Embodiment 1
A kind of field production method of hickory chick, includes the following steps:
The first step:Build flat canopy
The bamboo stake that the coating steel pipe or length that the concrete stake or length for the use of length being 3 meters are 3 meters are 3 meters, beats at top One aperture or the T-shaped tingle of welding, so as to fixed shading net.Then stake is injected in soil according to 0.5 meter of depth, ground Remaining stake is 2.5 meters long.Whole block is directly stuck in stake according to 4 meters × 6 meters of spacing.The 4 needle black sunshades for being 70% by light transmittance Net pricks the pure top secured it in below cross grid with stake with the self-locking nylon of 24 × 150mm of specification, until entirely Block is all covered by sunshade net, and make a circle 4 needles sunshade net moving up and down on the stake of plot surrounding.
Second step opens compartment sowing
Rotary cultivator is adjusted into 0.15 to 0.2 meter of depth, 0.8 meter of width carries out farming and opens compartment, reserved 0.4 meter of width It is used as channel or gutter so that the compartment face width for sowing is 0.8 meter, is highly 0.15 to 0.2 meter;Sidewalk or draining 0.4 meter of furrow width, less than 0.15 to 0.2 meter of compartment face of sowing.Then ready healthy and strong strain is taken out and is rubbed from strain bag To uniform mixing, then uniform broadcasting to the compartment face held successfully, reusing multiple tooth rake and hooking to move back and forth makes soil strain whole Covering.
Third step, kind plant
Hickory chick is sowed in winter, can select at the beginning of November, at 0.8 meter wide of compartment face edge, according to 0.15 meter Nest spacing sows lima bean.Due to 30-100 centimetres of lima bean plant height, so the effect of shade can be played to the growth of hickory chick;Its root Rhizobium the sources of nitrogen adjusted in bio-diversity air can be played to hickory chick growth, due to resistance to -4 DEG C of low temperature of lima bean, But fear heat, the preference temperature of germination is 16 DEG C ~ 25 DEG C, and minimum temperature is 3 DEG C ~ 4 DEG C.Blossom and bear fruit the phase require 16 DEG C ~ 22℃.And morchella will not be freezed to death in ground temperature less than 0 DEG C in the hygrophilous mushroom of low temperature;Its mycelia grows preference temperature 10 DEG C ~ 18 DEG C, the temperature of fruit-body formation and development is 4.4 DEG C ~ 20 DEG C, and temperature just stops the growth of mushroom body higher than 25 DEG C.Cause When harvesting hickory chick, long strain, 30 ~ 100 centimetres of plant height are enough to block side net sunshade net distance ground lima bean for this The sunlight that the gap that 0.3 meter of face transmits into achievees the effect that shade to hickory chick and supply oxygen, suitable hidden degree and oxygen supply Hickory chick can be made to maintain the high commodity value shape growth of " the long cap of short handle ".So sowing hickory chick and lima bean in the same period is There is certain scientific basis, there is very high feasibility.
4th step irrigates infiltration
After sowing hickory chick strain, the 3 needle black sunshade nets for being 4 meters with width are laid on the face of 3 compartments, then are discharged water and flooded It fills until entire carriage body permeates water.This scaffolding pattern is not limited to by single canopy size, and the inner space of canopy is big, permeability It is good, and machinery farming in canopy is favorably facilitated to construct, facilitate staff's discrepancy sunshade, is conducive to rifle and grabs seasonal sowing Time.Can be lifted simultaneously according to temperature change second layer sunshade net and periphery sunshade net mode adjust temperature of shed and humidity come Reach enhancing hickory chick quality, the effect for making hickory chick increase production the plucking cycle for extending hickory chick.
The sunshade net for being layered on compartment face was opened at after planting 10 ~ 15 days, was applied according to 60 to 70 centimetres of spacing in sowing compartment face Three row's nutrient bags are put, then continue to cover with sunshade net.After discharging nutrient bag about 40 days or so, sunshade net is opened, takes battalion away Support bag;Then second layer sunshade net is fixed on pillar with white plastic bale ties, makes most short distance of the sunshade net apart from compartment face From being 10 centimetres, then discharges water and basin irrigation until entire carriage body permeates water.Shorter distance can inhibit the weed growth in soil, with Excessive weeds can inhibit the growth of hickory chick when preventing fruiting, and then improve the yield of hickory chick.
5th step:Field management
At second year spring, when observing that sowing compartment face starts to grow former base, thermometer is plugged in earth's surface, such as For fruit temperature rise to 10 DEG C, i.e., it is at 0.5 meter second layer sunshade net to be raised to apart from the compartment face shortest distance;If temperature rise To 15 DEG C, i.e., it is at 1 meter second layer sunshade net to be raised to apart from the compartment face shortest distance;If temperature rise is to 18 DEG C, i.e. handle It is at 1.5 meters that second layer sunshade net, which is raised to apart from the compartment face shortest distance,;If temperature rise is to 20 DEG C, i.e., second layer sunshade It is at 2 meters that net, which is raised to apart from the compartment face shortest distance,;With the raising of temperature, it is gradually lifted the height of second layer sunshade net, is made A thermal insulation layer is formed between second layer sunshade net and top layer sunshade net makes hickory chick be maintained at one to reduce compartment face temperature Suitable growth temperature range.
6th step:Receive bacterium
It is harvested according to specification after Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers sporophore is grown.
Embodiment 2
A kind of field production method of hickory chick, includes the following steps:
The first step:Build flat canopy
The bamboo stake that the coating steel pipe or length that the concrete stake or length for the use of length being 3 meters are 3 meters are 3 meters, beats at top One aperture or the T-shaped tingle of welding, so as to fixed shading net.Then stake is injected in soil according to 0.5 meter of depth, ground Remaining stake is 2.5 meters long.Whole block is directly stuck in stake according to 4 meters × 6 meters of spacing.4 needle black sunshade net of first layer is advised The self-locking nylon of 24 × 150mm of lattice prick it is pure secure it in below cross grid and the top of stake, until whole block all by Sunshade net covers, and make a circle 4 needles sunshade net moving up and down on the stake of plot surrounding.
Second step opens compartment sowing
Rotary cultivator is adjusted into 0.15 to 0.2 meter of depth, 0.8 meter of width carries out farming and opens compartment, reserved 0.4 meter of width It is used as channel or gutter so that the compartment face width for sowing is 0.8 meter, is highly 0.15 to 0.2 meter;Sidewalk or draining 0.4 meter of furrow width, less than 0.15 to 0.2 meter of compartment face of sowing.Then ready healthy and strong strain is taken out and is rubbed from strain bag To uniform mixing, then uniform broadcasting to the compartment face held successfully, reusing multiple tooth rake and hooking to move back and forth makes soil strain whole Covering.
Third step, kind plant
Hickory chick is sowed in winter, can select in November Mo, at 0.8 meter wide of compartment face edge, according to 0.2 meter of nest Away from sowing lima bean.Due to 30-100 centimetres of lima bean plant height, so the effect of shade can be played to the growth of hickory chick;Its root Rhizobium can play the sources of nitrogen adjusted in bio-diversity air to hickory chick growth, due to resistance to -4 DEG C of low temperature of lima bean, but Fear heat, the preference temperature of germination is 16 DEG C ~ 25 DEG C, and minimum temperature is 3 DEG C ~ 4 DEG C.Blossom and bear fruit the phase require 16 DEG C ~ 22 ℃.And morchella will not be freezed to death in ground temperature less than 0 DEG C in the hygrophilous mushroom of low temperature;It is 10 that its mycelia, which grows preference temperature, DEG C ~ 18 DEG C, the temperature of fruit-body formation and development is 4.4 DEG C ~ 20 DEG C, and temperature just stops the growth of mushroom body higher than 25 DEG C.Therefore When harvesting hickory chick, long strain, 30 ~ 100 centimetres of plant height are enough to block side net sunshade net apart from ground to lima bean The sunlight that 0.3 meter of gap transmits into achievees the effect that shade to hickory chick and supply oxygen, suitable hidden degree and oxygen supply energy Hickory chick is set to maintain the high commodity value shape growth of " the long cap of short handle ".So it is to have to sow hickory chick and lima bean in the same period Certain scientific basis, there is very high feasibility.
4th step irrigates infiltration
After sowing hickory chick strain, the 3 needle black sunshade nets for being 4 meters with width are laid on the face of 3 compartments, then are discharged water and flooded It fills until entire carriage body permeates water.This scaffolding pattern is not limited to by single canopy size, and the inner space of canopy is big, permeability It is good, and machinery farming in canopy is favorably facilitated to construct, facilitate staff's discrepancy sunshade, is conducive to rifle and grabs seasonal sowing Time.Can be lifted simultaneously according to temperature change second layer sunshade net and periphery sunshade net mode adjust temperature of shed and humidity come Reach enhancing hickory chick quality, the effect for making hickory chick increase production the plucking cycle for extending hickory chick.
The sunshade net for being layered on compartment face was opened at after planting 13 ~ 15 days, was applied according to 60 to 70 centimetres of spacing in sowing compartment face Put three row's nutrient bags and spray mass fraction be 1% ethylmaltol, spraying 6kg per acre is advisable, then use sunshade net after Continuous covering.After discharging nutrient bag about 40 days or so, sunshade net is opened, takes nutrient bag away;Then white plastic bale ties handle is used Second layer sunshade net is fixed on pillar, and it is 10 centimetres to make the shortest distance of the sunshade net apart from compartment face, then discharges water and basin irrigation until whole A carriage body permeates water.Shorter distance can inhibit the weed growth in soil, and excessive weeds can press down when to prevent fruiting The growth of hickory chick processed, while spraying the yield that improves for comparing 1 hickory chick of embodiment after ethylmaltol has conspicuousness poor It is different.
5th step:Field management
At second year spring, when observing that sowing compartment face starts to grow former base, thermometer is plugged in earth's surface, such as For fruit temperature rise to 10 DEG C, i.e., it is at 0.5 meter second layer sunshade net to be raised to apart from the compartment face shortest distance;If temperature rise To 15 DEG C, i.e., it is at 1 meter second layer sunshade net to be raised to apart from the compartment face shortest distance;If temperature rise is to 18 DEG C, i.e. handle It is at 1.5 meters that second layer sunshade net, which is raised to apart from the compartment face shortest distance,;If temperature rise is to 20 DEG C, i.e., second layer sunshade It is at 2 meters that net, which is raised to apart from the compartment face shortest distance,;With the raising of temperature, it is gradually lifted the height of second layer sunshade net, is made A thermal insulation layer is formed between second layer sunshade net and top layer sunshade net makes hickory chick be maintained at one to reduce compartment face temperature Suitable growth temperature range.
6th step:Receive bacterium
It is harvested according to specification after Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers sporophore is grown.
Embodiment 3:The cultural method of flat canopy is built using single layer black sunshade net
A kind of field production method of hickory chick, includes the following steps:
The first step:Build flat canopy
Second step opens compartment sowing
Third step, kind plant
4th step irrigates infiltration
After sowing hickory chick strain, the 3 needle black sunshade nets for being 4 meters with width are laid on the face of 3 compartments, then are discharged water and flooded It fills until entire carriage body permeates water.
The sunshade net for being layered on compartment face was opened at after planting 12 ~ 15 days, was applied according to 65 to 70 centimetres of spacing in sowing compartment face Three row's nutrient bags are put, then continue to cover with sunshade net.After discharging nutrient bag about 40 days or so, sunshade net is opened, takes battalion away Support bag;Then black sunshade net is fixed on pillar with white plastic bale ties, makes sunshade net apart from the shortest distance in compartment face It is 10 centimetres, then discharges water and basin irrigation until entire carriage body permeates water.
5th step:Field management
Sunshade net is increased with the growing height of hickory chick and lima bean, can convenient for the growth and personnel of hickory chick and wheat Mushroom and management are adopted in into sunshade net.Control air humidity be 83% ~ 88%, soil moisture be 85% ~ 90%, temperature be 22 ~ 25℃;Air humidity is 60% ~ 70% when fruiting, and soil moisture is 75% ~ 80%, and temperature is no more than 28 DEG C.
6th step:Receive bacterium
It is harvested according to specification after Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers sporophore is grown.
Embodiment 3 the first step and during four steps with reference to method used in embodiment 1 and flow, in embodiment The flat canopy built in 3 only includes single layer sunshade net, while temperature and air humidity are mainly controlled in field management process.This hair Compared with Example 3, the present invention uses double-layered sunshade net to bright embodiment 1, and the position of sunshade net is adjusted according to the temperature in field It sets, and then reaches optimum growth conditions during hickory chick different growing stage, so that the product of hickory chick carries Height, particularly, the quality difference of the single mushroom of hickory chick of the invention are smaller, greatly reduce after embodiment 3 adopts bacterium and need The workload of classification.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of field production method of hickory chick, includes the following steps:
(1)Build flat canopy:Staking out is inserted on the soil for need out compartment, staking out is evenly distributed on the face of compartment, and keeps appropriate Then spacing builds the 4 needle sunshade nets that light transmittance is 70% at the top of staking out and surrounding;The sunshade net blow-by of flat canopy surrounding, Sunshade net and ground keep 30 centimetres or more of spacing;
(2)Open compartment sowing:Compartment is opened into the plot in staking out using rotary cultivator, gutter then is set in compartment face surrounding or is led to Road, and the height in compartment face is higher than the height 0.15m ~ 0.2m in gutter or channel;Again ready healthy and strong strain from strain bag Middle taking-up is simultaneously rubbed to uniform, and then uniform broadcasting is to the compartment face held successfully, then is hooked, stirred soil strain is made all to be covered by soil Lid;
(3)Between plant plant:The lima bean of compartment face edge plantation plant height 30cm ~ 100cm after planting, the nest spacing of lima bean are protected in winter Hold 0.15m ~ 0.2m;
(4)Irrigate infiltration:Bedding can move up and down the second layer sunshade net for adjusting terrain clearance on the face of compartment after sowing, And it discharges water to allow in channel in moisture penetration to compartment face and keeps suitable moisture;Sowing places nutrition after 10 days ~ 15 days on the face of compartment Bag;Nutrient bag is taken away after placing release fertilizer efficiency, and second layer sunshade net is drawn high to 8cm ~ 12cm above the face of compartment, then discharges water Irrigation makes carriage body infiltration be suitble to moisture;
(5)Field management:Hickory chick former base is grown in the next spring compartment face, and by second when the compartment face soil moisture reaches 10 DEG C Layer sunshade net is drawn high to 45cm ~ 55cm above the face of compartment;Second layer sunshade net is drawn high to the face of compartment when temperature rise is to 15 DEG C Square 95cm ~ 105cm;Second layer sunshade net is drawn high to 145cm ~ 155cm above the face of compartment when temperature rise is to 18 DEG C;Work as temperature Second layer sunshade net is drawn high to 195cm ~ 205cm above the face of compartment when rising to 20 DEG C;Second layer sunshade net and 4 in the process Spacing is kept between needle sunshade net;
(6)Receive bacterium:It is harvested according to specification after Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers sporophore is grown.
2. the method as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The staking out be concrete column, bamboo stake or marked as No. 25 Coating steel pipe, height is 2.5m or more on the ground, and distribution spacing is 4m × 6m.
3. the method as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The width in the compartment face is 0.8m, gutter or channel width Degree is 0.4m.
4. the method as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The second layer sunshade net is 3 needle sunshade nets.
5. the method as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The compartment face is placed with three row's nutrient bags, often between row's nutrient bag It is divided into 60cm ~ 70cm.
6. the method as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fertilizer efficiency release time of the nutrient bag is 40 days.
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CN106258485A (en) * 2016-08-11 2017-01-04 甘肃民族师范学院 A kind of high altitudes and cold area efficient implantation methods of Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers
CN106358755A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-01 湖北山友特色农业有限责任公司 Interplanting cultivation method of lentinula edodes, morchella vulgarises and kudzuvine roots
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