CN106069141A - A kind of method of oriental cherry cutting propagation - Google Patents

A kind of method of oriental cherry cutting propagation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106069141A
CN106069141A CN201610534467.3A CN201610534467A CN106069141A CN 106069141 A CN106069141 A CN 106069141A CN 201610534467 A CN201610534467 A CN 201610534467A CN 106069141 A CN106069141 A CN 106069141A
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cutting
oriental cherry
cuttage
seedling
root
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CN201610534467.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李卫星
何智冲
徐大鹏
周云
崔慧
杨舜博
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Yangzhou University
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Yangzhou University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

A kind of method that the invention discloses oriental cherry cutting propagation.Comprising the following steps: step one, ground, garden prepares with seedbed, and ground, garden selects the supporting complete level land of irrigation canals and ditches or the gradient plot, hills less than 20 °, outfit gap, seedbed spraying apparatus;Step 2, cutting prepares;Including cutting collection and cutting treatment;Step 3, cuttage manages after inserting, selects epicormic branch cuttage, manages, including water management, illumination management, nutrient management etc. after noting inserting;Step 4, nursery transplant is cultivated, is noted transplant time and method;Step 5, field management, including Soil and fertilizer management, the pruning of nursery stock and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control;Step 6, outplanting, including nursery stock lifting, classification, pack, transport and quarantine.The method can improve the survival rate of cutting propagation, increases the supply of oriental cherry seedling, reduces seedling cost, can be according to the purposes of nursery, directive breeding oriental cherry seedling selectively, provides feasible program for widely applying in producing in oriental cherry nursery.

Description

A kind of method of oriental cherry cutting propagation
Technical field
The invention belongs to botanical seedling culturing method and technology field, a kind of method of oriental cherry cutting propagation.
Technical background
Oriental cherry (Prunus serrulata) belongs to Rosaceae (Rosaceae) cherry and belongs to (Cerasus), belongs to fallen leaves megaphanerophyte Or shrub, originate in ring Himalayas, temperate zone, the Northern Hemisphere, have cultivation all over the world.Flower becomes corymb, mostly is white Color, pink, annual March-April is open, and pattern delicate fragrance is gorgeous, is usually used in ornamental plantation.
Breeding of cherry platymiscium the most just has the saying of " Fructus Pruni pseudocerasi nice tree difficulty is planted ".When using sexual propagation, it is necessary to Seed being carried out the process of many kinds of measures, could partly abolish deep dormancy, germination percentage is the highest, and character is the most unstable.Use nothing The easily success of the grafting of sexual reproduction and division propagation, but breeding coefficient is the least, is not easy to large-scale popularization and application.Oriental cherry is cuttage The seeds that difficulty is taken root, conventional seedbed system is based on propagation by grafiting, and for accelerating nursery process, we explore Cultivation Techniques of Softwood Cutting, Reducing seedling cost, improve breeding coefficient, seedling root is flourishing, and survival rate is high.
Consult data of literatures, there are no the technical standard in terms of oriental cherry cutting propagation, therefore, work out oriental cherry cuttage and educate Seedling technical regulation, can promote that oriental cherry views and admires the culture and utility with deep processing, can promote increasing peasant income, growth of agricultural efficiency, advances beauty The construction of China.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to provide a kind of simple to operate, practical asexual orientation of oriental cherry cuttage numerous Grow method for culturing seedlings.
Realization the technical scheme is that
(1) seedbed
Seedbed requires: container nursery typically should be carried out in greenhouse or hot house because so convenient control temperature and Humidity, can create preferably growth conditions for nursery, promotes that nursery stock accelerates growth, shortens seedling raise period.
Seedbed is set up: removes ground, garden weeds, stone etc., levels land, and selects brick or stone to build and builds seedbed, pavement.Seedling Height of bed 30cm~40cm, wide 1.0cm~1.2m, length is advisable with 20m~25m.Wide 40cm pavement, excavation row are built in both sides, seedbed Ditch.Bed end paving 10cm thickness cinder, upper berth thickness 30cm pearlite interstitial substance, the potassium permanganate solution with 0.3%~0.5% sprays and disappears Poison, and water permeable, gap spraying apparatus is joined in seedbed.
(2) oriental cherry cutting propagation uses epicormic branch cuttage.
Cutting prepares: annual mid or late June to early August, the young age from robust growth, without pest and disease damage is chosen elite stand Give birth to preliminary lignified branch then, be cut into the cutting of a length of 10cm~15cm, each branch retains top 2~3 leaves, Rest blade is extractd together with petiole, and cutting upper cut is in locating truncation away from joint 1cm, and lower cut slightly becomes inclined-plane under saving, cutting collection, Incision treatment sharp sword to be used, it is ensured that otch is smooth.
Cutting processes: the cutting of collection is unanimously made in order by base, taper, lashed, and often bundle 50, puts in the cool, put into Soaking 5min~10min in 600mg/L carbendazol, sufficiently sterilised, cutting base portion about 3cm~4cm is inserted in concentration is 50mg/ In No. 1 solution of the ABT root-inducing powder of L, soak time 5h~8h to be reached, if selecting root-inducing powder concentration is 100mg/L, soak time wants 2h ~4h, after immersion, entire bundle top end dries in the air down and starts cuttage after half an hour.
Cutting time: sooner or later or the cloudy day is carried out in spring, summer, cuts off cutting and buries the branch and leaf of part before inserting.
Cottage method: by cutting by spacing in the rows 3cm, line-spacing 5cm cuttage is in slotting machine, first with being slightly coarser than the short of cutting during cuttage Wood pricker punching, then puts into hole compacting by cutting, makes the substrate around cutting be in close contact with cutting, and the cuttage degree of depth is 4cm ~5cm.
(3) manage after inserting
Watering permeable after cuttage immediately, open gap spraying system, relative humidity is maintained at more than 95%, and the cuttage initial stage sprays Gap is shorter, is gradually increased spraying gap later.Holding nursery bed temperature is at about 30 DEG C, if more than 35 DEG C of degree, fall of can sprinkling water Temperature.After cuttage about 15 days, cutting started to take root, generally, after about 25 days, when cutting root length reaches 3cm~5cm, often Individual cutting has 3~during 5 roots, i.e. transplantation.
(4) transplant
Transplant time: spring, early and middle ten days in March~early April were typically selected in transplanting, and autumn, transplanting was preferably carried out in mid or late October, Transplanting should be selected in the cloudy day or carry out at dusk.
Implantation method: growth selection is healthy and strong, without pest and disease damage, the cutting seedling of well developed root system.According to the target of cultivating seedlings, choosing Selecting suitable seeding row spacing, general spacing in the rows selects 1.5m~2m, line-spacing to select 2m~3m, digs in advance and plants plant hole, uses sufficient base manure, during transplanting Typically with rising with cultivation, it is ensured that seedling injured little, recover fast.Transplant about the last week, reduce water spray, seedling exercising.Water immediately after transplanting Permeable, Shading net covering 5 to be used~7 days, prevent from being exposed to the sun.
(5) field management
Pruning: after seedling planting, fixed dry at overhead 100cm~120cm, according to cultivating requirement, progressively cultivate Purpose is tree-like.In conjunction with shaping, wipe out withered branch, the branch of excessive growth, overlapping branch and sick branch.Trophophase prune the first tenday period of a month in May~8 below the moon In ten days, dormant pruning was carried out in early December then~early March in next year.
Soil and fertilizer management: nursery stock fast-growth early stage, mid-term, the later stage was based on phosphorus, potash fertilizer based on chemical nitrogen fertilizer.Annual 2 ~4 times, the year of every mu execute nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer total amount and should control 50kg~80kg.Arid season to water in good time, keeps ground, garden Moistening;Rainy season wants timely draining, prevents hydrops.To weed with a hoe in time, to keep loosing soil, without weeds.
The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: the Major Pests of oriental cherry seedling has: fall webworms, Phalera flavescens, red spider, aphid etc., mainly Disease is root knot.Prevention and controls: preventing and treating fall webworms, Phalera flavescens, can wipe out net curtain in 1~3 instar larvae net curtain phases and concentrate Burn, spray 1500 times of liquid of 26% A Wei d ichlorbenzuron or Bt insecticide 1000~1200 times of liquid;The adult eclosion phase hangs parasite killing Lamp trapping adult;Pupate the phase, excavated by manual work pupa.Preventing and treating red spider, at rest period, the lime sulfur of spray 3~5 Baume degrees;Under in 4 months Ten days~the first tenday period of a month in May, root is executed phoxim granule and waters sufficient water;The big emergence period, 3000 times of liquid of 10% Biphenthrin cream can be sprayed.Anti- Eliminate aphis, spray the 20% fruit clean 1500 times of liquid of aphid.The method typically taking for Seedling of catching an illness to pull out, notes surrounding soil simultaneously Disinfection.
(6) outplanting
Lifting: cutting seedling is up to 35cm;Garden can be gone out during grafting more than height of seedling 50cm.Lifting is typically in December~next year 3 Monthly carrying out, water in right amount before lifting, keep ground moistening, lifting will band place soil.During long distance transportation, root system mud to be beaten Slurry.
Nursery stock grade: see oriental cherry nursery stock hierarchical table 1
Oriental cherry nursery stock hierarchical table 1
Seedling packing: nursery stock presses every 50 strains of grade or 100 strain a bundles, uses straw bag, woven bag or plastic sheeting parcel;Hang Upper label, indicates nursery stock grade, kind, the place of production, lifting time etc..
Seedling transportation: during seedling transportation, adds a cover paulin, sun-proof, anti-air-dried.
Compared with prior art, its remarkable advantage is the present invention:
1, the present invention from the seedbed of oriental cherry cutting propagation, branch selection, cutting treatment, insert after made to change in terms of management etc. Enter, be effectively improved the survival rate of cutting propagation, increase the supply of oriental cherry seedling, reduce seedling cost;
2, the present invention uses the twig of oriental cherry as cutting, and cutting base portion about 3cm~4cm is inserted in concentration is 50mg/L's In No. 1 solution of ABT root-inducing powder, soak time 5h~8h to be reached, and under the control of certain moisture and epidemic disaster, pass through Certain time is split into callus until taking root and forming independent seedling;
3, the method is that the cottage propagation nursery of oriental cherry provides technical support, can have according to cultivating the purposes of seedling It is selectively oriented cultivation oriental cherry seedling, can widely apply in oriental cherry nursery produces and feasible program is provided.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to be more fully understood that the present invention, illustrate technical scheme below by specific embodiment.
Embodiment
(1) seedbed
Seedbed requires: container nursery typically should be carried out in greenhouse or hot house because so convenient control temperature and Humidity, can create preferably growth conditions for nursery, promotes that nursery stock accelerates growth, shortens seedling raise period.
Seedbed is set up: removes ground, garden weeds, stone etc., levels land, and selects brick or stone to build and builds seedbed, pavement.Seedling Height of bed 30cm~40cm, wide 1.0cm~1.2m, length is advisable with 20m~25m.Wide 40cm pavement, excavation row are built in both sides, seedbed Ditch.Bed end paving 10cm thickness cinder, upper berth thickness 30cm pearlite interstitial substance, the potassium permanganate solution with 0.3%~0.5% sprays and disappears Poison, and water permeable, gap spraying apparatus is joined in seedbed.
(2) oriental cherry cutting propagation uses epicormic branch cuttage.
Cutting prepares: annual mid or late June to early August, the young age from robust growth, without pest and disease damage is chosen elite stand Give birth to preliminary lignified branch then, be cut into the cutting of a length of 10cm~15cm, each branch retains top 2~3 leaves, Rest blade is extractd together with petiole, and cutting upper cut is in locating truncation away from joint 1cm, and lower cut slightly becomes inclined-plane under saving, cutting collection, Incision treatment sharp sword to be used, it is ensured that otch is smooth.
Cutting processes: the cutting of collection is unanimously made in order by base, taper, lashed, and often bundle 50, puts in the cool, put into Soaking 5min~10min in 600mg/L carbendazol, sufficiently sterilised, cutting base portion about 3cm~4cm is inserted in concentration is 50mg/ In No. 1 solution of the ABT root-inducing powder of L, soak time 5h~8h to be reached, if selecting root-inducing powder concentration is 100mg/L, soak time wants 2h ~4h, after immersion, entire bundle top end dries in the air down and starts cuttage after half an hour.
Cutting time: sooner or later or the cloudy day is carried out in spring, summer, cuts off cutting and buries the branch and leaf of part before inserting.
Cottage method: by cutting by spacing in the rows 3cm, line-spacing 5cm cuttage is in slotting machine, first with being slightly coarser than the short of cutting during cuttage Wood pricker punching, then puts into hole compacting by cutting, makes the substrate around cutting be in close contact with cutting, and the cuttage degree of depth is 4cm ~5cm.
(3) manage after inserting
Watering permeable after cuttage immediately, open gap spraying system, relative humidity is maintained at more than 95%, and the cuttage initial stage sprays Gap is shorter, is gradually increased spraying gap later.Holding nursery bed temperature is at about 30 DEG C, if more than 35 DEG C of degree, fall of can sprinkling water Temperature.After cuttage about 15 days, cutting started to take root, generally, after about 25 days, when cutting root length reaches 3cm~5cm, often Individual cutting has 3~during 5 roots, i.e. transplantation.
(4) transplant
Transplant time: spring, early and middle ten days in March~early April were typically selected in transplanting, and autumn, transplanting was preferably carried out in mid or late October, Transplanting should be selected in the cloudy day or carry out at dusk.
Implantation method: growth selection is healthy and strong, without pest and disease damage, the cutting seedling of well developed root system or 1~2 year grafting.According to Seedling The target that wood is cultivated, selects suitable seeding row spacing, general spacing in the rows to select 1.5m~2m, line-spacing to select 2m~3m, digs in advance and plant plant hole, Use sufficient base manure, typically with rising with cultivation during transplanting, it is ensured that seedling injured little, recover fast.Transplant about the last week, reduce water spray, refining Seedling.Watering permeable after transplanting immediately, cutting seedling is it is noted that with Shading net covering 5~7 days, prevent from being exposed to the sun.
(5) field management
Pruning: after seedling planting, fixed dry at overhead 100cm~120cm, according to cultivating requirement, progressively cultivate Purpose is tree-like.In conjunction with shaping, wipe out withered branch, the branch of excessive growth, overlapping branch and sick branch.Trophophase prune the first tenday period of a month in May~8 below the moon In ten days, dormant pruning was carried out in early December then~early March in next year.
Soil and fertilizer management: nursery stock fast-growth early stage, mid-term, the later stage was based on phosphorus, potash fertilizer based on chemical nitrogen fertilizer.Annual 2 ~4 times, the year of every mu execute nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer total amount and should control 50kg~80kg.Arid season to water in good time, keeps ground, garden Moistening;Rainy season wants timely draining, prevents hydrops.To weed with a hoe in time, to keep loosing soil, without weeds.
The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: the Major Pests of oriental cherry seedling has: fall webworms, Phalera flavescens, red spider, aphid etc., mainly Disease is root knot.Prevention and controls: preventing and treating fall webworms, Phalera flavescens, can wipe out net curtain in 1~3 instar larvae net curtain phases and concentrate Burn, spray 1500 times of liquid of 26% A Wei d ichlorbenzuron or Bt insecticide 1000~1200 times of liquid;The adult eclosion phase hangs parasite killing Lamp trapping adult;Pupate the phase, excavated by manual work pupa.Preventing and treating red spider, at rest period, the lime sulfur of spray 3~5 Baume degrees;Under in 4 months Ten days~the first tenday period of a month in May, root is executed phoxim granule and waters sufficient water;The big emergence period, 3000 times of liquid of 10% Biphenthrin cream can be sprayed.Anti- Eliminate aphis, spray the 20% fruit clean 1500 times of liquid of aphid.The method typically taking for Seedling of catching an illness to pull out, notes surrounding soil simultaneously Disinfection.
(6) outplanting
Lifting: cutting seedling is up to 35cm;Garden can be gone out during grafting more than height of seedling 50cm.Lifting is typically in December~next year 3 Monthly carrying out, water in right amount before lifting, keep ground moistening, lifting will band place soil.During long distance transportation, root system mud to be beaten Slurry.
Nursery stock grade: see oriental cherry nursery stock hierarchical table 1
Oriental cherry nursery stock hierarchical table 1
Seedling packing: nursery stock presses every 50 strains of grade or 100 strain a bundles, uses straw bag, woven bag or plastic sheeting parcel;Hang Upper label, indicates nursery stock grade, kind, the place of production, lifting time etc..
Seedling transportation: during seedling transportation, adds a cover paulin, sun-proof, anti-air-dried.
Effect illustrates:
The present invention uses the twig of oriental cherry as cutting, the cutting of collection is unanimously made in order by base, taper, puts into 600mg/ L carbendazol soaks 5min~10min, sufficiently sterilised, cutting base portion about 3cm~4cm is inserted in the ABT that concentration is 50mg/L In No. 1 solution of root-inducing powder, soak time 5h~8h to be reached, if selecting root-inducing powder concentration is 100mg/L, soak time wants 2h~4h, After immersion, entire bundle top end dries in the air down and starts cuttage after half an hour.Water permeable after cuttage immediately, open gap spraying system is the wettest Degree is maintained at more than 95%, and cuttage initial stage spraying gap is shorter, is gradually increased spraying gap later.Keep nursery bed temperature 30 About DEG C, if more than 35 DEG C of degree, cooling of can sprinkling water.After cuttage about 15 days, cutting started to take root, and generally, 25 days left Behind the right side, when cutting root length reaches 3cm~5cm, each cutting has 3~during 5 roots, i.e. transplantation.
Although present disclosure has been made to be discussed in detail by above preferred embodiment, but it should be appreciated that above-mentioned Description should not be considered as limitations of the present invention.After those skilled in the art have read foregoing, for the present invention's Multiple amendment and replacement all will be apparent from.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be limited to the appended claims.

Claims (4)

1. the method for an oriental cherry cutting propagation, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) ground, garden prepares with seedbed,
Ground, garden selects supporting complete, the level land that soil function is good of irrigation canals and ditches or the gradient plot, hills less than 20 °, seedbed height 30cm ~40cm, wide 1.0cm~1.2m, long 20m~25m, both sides, seedbed are built wide 40cm pavement, are excavated gutter, seedbed Di Pu 10cm thickness cinder, upper berth 30cm thickness pearlite interstitial substance, with the potassium permanganate solution spray disinfectant of 0.3%~0.5%, water permeable also It is equipped with gap spraying apparatus;
(2) cutting collection and cutting treatment,
Cutting is chosen and is given birth to branch on preliminary lignified oriental cherry children elite stand in age, a length of 10cm~15cm of cutting, Mei Gezhi then Retaining top 2~3 leaves on bar, cutting upper cut slightly becomes inclined-plane in truncation at joint 1cm, lower cut under joint, and otch is smooth; The cutting of collection is unanimously made in order by base, taper, puts into and 600mg/L carbendazol soaks 5min~10min, sufficiently sterilised, Cutting base portion being inserted in rooting powder solution soak, after immersion, entire bundle top end dries in the air down and starts cuttage after half an hour;
(3) cuttage manages after inserting,
By cutting by spacing in the rows 3cm, line-spacing 5cm cuttage is in slotting machine, and the cuttage degree of depth is 4cm~5cm;Water permeable after cuttage immediately, Relative humidity is maintained at more than 95%;
(4) nursery transplant is cultivated,
When cutting root length reaches 3cm~5cm, each cutting has 3~i.e. transplantation during 5 roots, cuttage spacing in the rows 1.5m~2m, OK Away from 2m~3m;
(5) field management, including Soil and fertilizer management, the pruning of nursery stock and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control,
The pruning of nursery stock, overhead fixed dry at 100cm~120cm after field planting, according to cultivating requirement, progressively cultivate purpose Tree-like;Trophophase was pruned in the first tenday period of a month in May~late August, and dormant pruning was carried out in early December then~early March in next year;
Soil and fertilizer management, early stage, mid-term, the later stage, annual 2~4 times, the year of every mu executed based on phosphorus, potash fertilizer based on chemical nitrogen fertilizer Nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer total amount 50kg~80kg;
(6) outplanting, including nursery stock lifting, classification, packs, transports and quarantines;
In December~March in next year, cutting seedling is up to 35cm, can go out garden, water in right amount before lifting during grafting more than height of seedling 50cm, Keep ground moistening, lifting will band place soil, during long distance transportation, root system mud to be beaten.
The method of oriental cherry cutting propagation the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in described step (2), root-inducing powder is ABT root-inducing powder 1, is inserted in cutting base portion No. 1 solution soaking 5h of ABT root-inducing powder~8h that concentration is 50mg/L, or is inserted in Concentration is No. 1 solution soaking 2h of ABT root-inducing powder~the 4h of 100mg/L.
The method of oriental cherry cutting propagation the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in described step (4), nursery transplant is selected Select robust growth, without pest and disease damage, the cutting seedling of well developed root system, with Shading net covering 5~7 days.
The method of oriental cherry cutting propagation the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that disease pest described in described step (5) The insect pest of evil preventing and treating has fall webworms, Phalera flavescens, red spider, aphid, and disease is root knot.
CN201610534467.3A 2016-07-07 2016-07-07 A kind of method of oriental cherry cutting propagation Pending CN106069141A (en)

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CN106888915A (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-06-27 湖州尚翔生态农业有限公司 A kind of cuttage and seedling culture method of oriental cherry
CN107333614A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-11-10 合肥浦邦农业科技有限公司 A kind of oriental cherry cuttage planting method
CN107439298A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-12-08 合肥浦邦农业科技有限公司 A kind of oriental cherry nursery stock elite standization breeding method
CN109156241A (en) * 2018-08-05 2019-01-08 江苏天悦生态农业有限公司 A kind of oriental cherry implantation methods
CN109757229A (en) * 2017-11-09 2019-05-17 丹阳润富农业技术有限公司 A kind of cottage method of oriental cherry

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106888915A (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-06-27 湖州尚翔生态农业有限公司 A kind of cuttage and seedling culture method of oriental cherry
CN107333614A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-11-10 合肥浦邦农业科技有限公司 A kind of oriental cherry cuttage planting method
CN107439298A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-12-08 合肥浦邦农业科技有限公司 A kind of oriental cherry nursery stock elite standization breeding method
CN109757229A (en) * 2017-11-09 2019-05-17 丹阳润富农业技术有限公司 A kind of cottage method of oriental cherry
CN109156241A (en) * 2018-08-05 2019-01-08 江苏天悦生态农业有限公司 A kind of oriental cherry implantation methods

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Application publication date: 20161109