CN102550354A - High-yield anti-fruit-cracking cultivation method for jujube - Google Patents

High-yield anti-fruit-cracking cultivation method for jujube Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102550354A
CN102550354A CN2012100379428A CN201210037942A CN102550354A CN 102550354 A CN102550354 A CN 102550354A CN 2012100379428 A CN2012100379428 A CN 2012100379428A CN 201210037942 A CN201210037942 A CN 201210037942A CN 102550354 A CN102550354 A CN 102550354A
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China
Prior art keywords
skeleton
fruit
jujube
rice
tree
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Pending
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CN2012100379428A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘喜平
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刘喜平
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Priority to CN2012100379428A priority Critical patent/CN102550354A/en
Publication of CN102550354A publication Critical patent/CN102550354A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a high-yield anti-fruit-cracking cultivation method for jujube, which includes selection of a proper land, closely spaced planting, dwarfing, grafting of an improved variety, covering with a greenhouse, reasonable fertilization, pesticide use with caution, and manual fruit picking. Sloping fields in hilly areas are modified into terraced fields for planting jujube trees to form a first defensive line for controlling loss of water and soil, and jujube forests are planted in a closely spaced manner and dwarfed to facilitate fruit picking and covering with plastic films for preventing autumn rain and fruit cracking. A greenhouse framework used in the method is fixed and is covered with a plastic film only on the top and the upper middle of the greenhouse framework only in rain days, sunlight and temperature difference are more sufficient than those of planting using the greenhouse only, air ventilation is facilitated, accumulation of natural nutrients is facilitated, and the one-off investment is capable of serving for a plurality of years. The method is simple in operation and easy in popularization.

Description

The cultivation method of the anti-dehiscent fruit of red date high yield
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultivation method of suitable mountain area, hills red date high yield, anti-dehiscent fruit.
Background technology
For a long time, autumn rain is the main cause that causes the serious dehiscent fruit of north China red date, the jujube farming underproduction reduction of income, is the subject matter of restriction red date industry development.Some areas adopt the measure of grafting winter jujube, snow jujube to keep away autumn rain, but can't solve the root problem in suitable red date growth area.The culture technique of researching and solving red date high yield, anti-dehiscent fruit is only basic plan.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the problem that prior art exists; For overcoming red date dehiscent fruit disaster; And implement the red date cultivation and disperse to plant transformation to the industrialization plantation by the peasant; Producing high-quality fruit offers the consumer or to adding the industrial and commercial high-quality primary product of supplying with, the cultivation method of the anti-dehiscent fruit of a kind of red date high yield is provided.
The cultivation method of the anti-dehiscent fruit of red date high yield of the present invention comprises:
(1) select that suitable plot selects that soil layer is deep, the gradient is at the hillside of 5-30 degree, is trimmed to terraced fields low in the height of the ridge, the width of terraced fields changes according to the gradient flexibly;
(2) density of dense planting dwarfing plantation red date is line-spacing 3-4 rice, and spacing in the rows 2-2.5 rice is controlled at 1.3-1.5 rice with the height of tree after growing up, with the tree-like mushroom that is trimmed to, and crown diameter 1.3-1.5 rice;
(3) the grafting improved seeds select local improved seeds with introduction to carry out the moulding grafting;
(4) hide the capable supported on both sides plastic foil booth stationarity skeleton of booth Yan Shu at tree crown; But the cross sectional shape arch of skeleton, flat-top shape or cusp configuration, the high 1.6-2 rice of skeleton, a skeleton can hide delegation or two row jujube trees; Strain between skeleton with the parallel iron wire of tree row with the 3-5 root at the skeleton top; During the rainy day, at the top and the middle and upper part plastic covering film of skeleton, plastic foil external application stretch cord and ground are fixed;
(5) rational application of fertilizer is careful uses 1000 kilograms of/mu fertilizers with agricultural chemicals annual spring, and the growth busy season imposes 20 kilograms of/mu urea, the preceding 20 days beginning banned pesticides prevention and elimination of disease and pests of gathering;
(6) the manual fruit picking manual fruit of plucking of optimum period, the completely filled fruit that assurance is plucked, nothing are hindered, and when needing fresh-keeping and cold storage, take the method to the oblique upper harvesting, make jujube band carpopodium, are beneficial to the prolongation storage time.
Beneficial effect of the present invention
(1) the present invention's mountain development red date industrialization on the hills that suits through the terraced fields of plantation jujube tree are built in the hillside fields in mountain area, hills, forms the first line of defence of prevention soil and water loss, is beneficial to the water and soil conservation in mountain area, hills;
(2) the jujube woods is downgraded the dense planting moulding; Solve red date grow required enough moisture and nutrient, reduce the waste of the tall and big nutrient component of trunk, help the even, full of red date quality; The outward appearance overlapping terraced fields is folded; Just as southern tea place beautiful scenery, more outstanding advantage is convenient the harvesting, is convenient to hide the anti-autumn rain of plastic foil, anti-dehiscent fruit;
(3) big-canopy framework of the present invention is fixed; But only just hide plastic foil in the rainy day; And only hide plastic foil, the abundant sunlight and the temperature difference can be arranged, help gas communication than pure greenhouse gardening in the top and the middle and upper part of big-canopy framework; Help the natural nutrient component accumulation, one-time investment can use for many years;
(4) red date cultivation method of the present invention is simple to operate, is easy to promote, and can produce high-quality red date fruit, improves the economic benefit of jujube farming.
Embodiment
The cultivation method of the anti-dehiscent fruit of a kind of red date high yield selects at first that soil layer is deep, the gradient is at the hillside of 5-30 degree, is trimmed to terraced fields low in the height of the ridge; The density of red date plantation is line-spacing 3-4 rice; Spacing in the rows 2-2.5 rice after growing up is pruned the height of tree at 1.3-1.5 rice, with the tree-like mushroom that is trimmed to; Crown diameter 1.3-1.5 rice selects local improved seeds with introduction to carry out the moulding grafting again.The capable plastic foil canopy stationarity skeleton that is provided with of Yan Shu in the both sides of tree crown; But the cross sectional shape arch of skeleton, flat-top shape or cusp configuration, the high 1.6-2 rice of skeleton, a skeleton can hide delegation or two row jujube trees; Strain between skeleton with the parallel iron wire of tree row with the 3-5 root at the skeleton top; During the rainy day, at the top and the middle and upper part plastic covering film of skeleton, plastic foil external application stretch cord and ground are fixed.Use 1000 kilograms of/mu fertilizers annual spring, and the growth busy season imposes 20 kilograms of/mu urea, the preceding 20 days beginning banned pesticides prevention and elimination of disease and pests of gathering.Optimum period, plucked fruit by hand, and the completely filled fruit that assurance is plucked, nothing wound when needing fresh-keeping and cold storage, are taked the method to the oblique upper harvesting, make jujube band carpopodium, are beneficial to the prolongation storage time.

Claims (1)

1. the red date high yield is prevented the cultivation method of dehiscent fruit, comprising:
(1) select that suitable plot selects that soil layer is deep, the gradient is at the hillside of 5-30 degree, is trimmed to terraced fields low in the height of the ridge, the width of terraced fields changes according to the gradient flexibly;
(2) density of dense planting dwarfing plantation red date is line-spacing 3-4 rice, and spacing in the rows 2-2.5 rice is controlled at 1.3-1.5 rice with the height of tree after growing up, with the tree-like mushroom that is trimmed to, and crown diameter 1.3-1.5 rice;
(3) the grafting improved seeds select local improved seeds with introduction to carry out the moulding grafting;
(4) hide the capable supported on both sides plastic foil booth stationarity skeleton of booth Yan Shu at tree crown; But the cross sectional shape arch of skeleton, flat-top shape or cusp configuration, the high 1.6-2 rice of skeleton, a skeleton can hide delegation or two row jujube trees; Strain between skeleton with the parallel iron wire of tree row with the 3-5 root at the skeleton top; During the rainy day, at the top and the middle and upper part plastic covering film of skeleton, plastic foil external application stretch cord and ground are fixed;
(5) rational application of fertilizer is careful uses 1000 kilograms of/mu fertilizers with agricultural chemicals annual spring, and the growth busy season imposes 20 kilograms of/mu urea, the preceding 20 days beginning banned pesticides prevention and elimination of disease and pests of gathering;
(6) the manual fruit picking manual fruit of plucking of optimum period, the completely filled fruit that assurance is plucked, nothing are hindered, and when needing fresh-keeping and cold storage, take the method to the oblique upper harvesting, make jujube band carpopodium.
CN2012100379428A 2012-02-20 2012-02-20 High-yield anti-fruit-cracking cultivation method for jujube Pending CN102550354A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012100379428A CN102550354A (en) 2012-02-20 2012-02-20 High-yield anti-fruit-cracking cultivation method for jujube

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012100379428A CN102550354A (en) 2012-02-20 2012-02-20 High-yield anti-fruit-cracking cultivation method for jujube

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CN102550354A true CN102550354A (en) 2012-07-11

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103069990A (en) * 2013-01-28 2013-05-01 祁东县新丰果业有限公司 Mid-autumn crispy jujube cracking disease control method
CN103416275A (en) * 2013-08-21 2013-12-04 丹阳嘉怡园林绿化有限公司 Method for preventing jujubes from cracks in south
CN103430801A (en) * 2013-08-28 2013-12-11 张洪海 Method for height setting, layered distribution, rain sheltering and cultivating of jujube trees and device thereof for dwarfing, clipping, shaping and sheltering rain
CN103782745A (en) * 2012-11-01 2014-05-14 长沙创远环保科技有限公司 High-yield cultivation technique for southern fresh edible red jujube
CN105104091A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-02 曾小虎 High-yield and fruit cracking prevention cultivation method for red dates
CN105532354A (en) * 2015-06-16 2016-05-04 金永雄 Jujube cultivation method through plastic-covered house
CN107278707A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-10-24 芜湖县兰馨油桃种植专业合作社 One kind connects a warm canopy jujube cultural method
CN110521482A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-12-03 贞丰县顶罈椒业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of the Chinese prickly ash convenient for harvesting

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101371647A (en) * 2008-07-24 2009-02-25 西北农林科技大学 Fertilizer application method for Chinese jujube garden in mountanious region and sloping field
CN101473764A (en) * 2009-01-19 2009-07-08 西北农林科技大学 Anticracking cover for fruit of Chinese jujube
CN201797815U (en) * 2010-09-29 2011-04-20 王真明 Rainproof cover for red jujubes

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101371647A (en) * 2008-07-24 2009-02-25 西北农林科技大学 Fertilizer application method for Chinese jujube garden in mountanious region and sloping field
CN101473764A (en) * 2009-01-19 2009-07-08 西北农林科技大学 Anticracking cover for fruit of Chinese jujube
CN201797815U (en) * 2010-09-29 2011-04-20 王真明 Rainproof cover for red jujubes

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
张静伟: "红枣裂果原因及防治", 《现代农业》, no. 02, 28 February 2011 (2011-02-28), pages 18 *
白文平: "红枣裂果原因及防治栽培技术", 《山西林业科技》, no. 01, 31 March 2007 (2007-03-31), pages 53 - 54 *

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103782745A (en) * 2012-11-01 2014-05-14 长沙创远环保科技有限公司 High-yield cultivation technique for southern fresh edible red jujube
CN103069990A (en) * 2013-01-28 2013-05-01 祁东县新丰果业有限公司 Mid-autumn crispy jujube cracking disease control method
CN103416275A (en) * 2013-08-21 2013-12-04 丹阳嘉怡园林绿化有限公司 Method for preventing jujubes from cracks in south
CN103430801A (en) * 2013-08-28 2013-12-11 张洪海 Method for height setting, layered distribution, rain sheltering and cultivating of jujube trees and device thereof for dwarfing, clipping, shaping and sheltering rain
CN105532354A (en) * 2015-06-16 2016-05-04 金永雄 Jujube cultivation method through plastic-covered house
CN105104091A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-02 曾小虎 High-yield and fruit cracking prevention cultivation method for red dates
CN107278707A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-10-24 芜湖县兰馨油桃种植专业合作社 One kind connects a warm canopy jujube cultural method
CN110521482A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-12-03 贞丰县顶罈椒业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of the Chinese prickly ash convenient for harvesting

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Application publication date: 20120711

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