CN106577123A - Planting method of randia cochinchinensis - Google Patents

Planting method of randia cochinchinensis Download PDF

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CN106577123A
CN106577123A CN201611130802.XA CN201611130802A CN106577123A CN 106577123 A CN106577123 A CN 106577123A CN 201611130802 A CN201611130802 A CN 201611130802A CN 106577123 A CN106577123 A CN 106577123A
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杨攀
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/02Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/04Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom
    • A01N43/14Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom six-membered rings
    • A01N43/16Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom six-membered rings with oxygen as the ring hetero atom
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N47/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom not being member of a ring and having no bond to a carbon or hydrogen atom, e.g. derivatives of carbonic acid
    • A01N47/08Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom not being member of a ring and having no bond to a carbon or hydrogen atom, e.g. derivatives of carbonic acid the carbon atom having one or more single bonds to nitrogen atoms
    • A01N47/10Carbamic acid derivatives, i.e. containing the group —O—CO—N<; Thio analogues thereof
    • A01N47/18Carbamic acid derivatives, i.e. containing the group —O—CO—N<; Thio analogues thereof containing a —O—CO—N< group, or a thio analogue thereof, directly attached to a heterocyclic or cycloaliphatic ring
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N47/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom not being member of a ring and having no bond to a carbon or hydrogen atom, e.g. derivatives of carbonic acid
    • A01N47/08Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom not being member of a ring and having no bond to a carbon or hydrogen atom, e.g. derivatives of carbonic acid the carbon atom having one or more single bonds to nitrogen atoms
    • A01N47/28Ureas or thioureas containing the groups >N—CO—N< or >N—CS—N<
    • A01N47/34Ureas or thioureas containing the groups >N—CO—N< or >N—CS—N< containing the groups, e.g. biuret; Thio analogues thereof; Urea-aldehyde condensation products
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N63/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing microorganisms, viruses, microbial fungi, animals or substances produced by, or obtained from, microorganisms, viruses, microbial fungi or animals, e.g. enzymes or fermentates
    • A01N63/10Animals; Substances produced thereby or obtained therefrom
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/20Fabaceae or Leguminosae [Pea or Legume family], e.g. pea, lentil, soybean, clover, acacia, honey locust, derris or millettia
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/38Solanaceae [Potato family], e.g. nightshade, tomato, tobacco or chilli pepper
    • A01N65/385Tobacco
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/30Against vector-borne diseases, e.g. mosquito-borne, fly-borne, tick-borne or waterborne diseases whose impact is exacerbated by climate change

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
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  • Dentistry (AREA)
  • Plant Pathology (AREA)
  • Agronomy & Crop Science (AREA)
  • Natural Medicines & Medicinal Plants (AREA)
  • Pest Control & Pesticides (AREA)
  • Biotechnology (AREA)
  • Microbiology (AREA)
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  • Fertilizers (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of fruit growing, and concretely relates to a planting method of randia cochinchinensis. The planting method of the randia cochinchinensis comprises the following steps of (1) collecting seeds: selecting wild fruits with no pests and diseases damage, uniform size, smooth peels, yellow-white semitransparent color, remarkable chicken skin glandular opaque spots and full maturity; (2) treating the seeds: peeling the collected wild fruits, soaking with clear limewater, draining moisture, and waiting for sowing; (3) sowing the seeds: from July to August, sowing the dried randia cochinchinensis seeds on a sand bed, and providing 85 to 95 percent of sunshading; (4) carrying out transplant management; (5) grafting: selecting current-year branches of randia cochinchinensis trees with the variety being Guiyan 6 as ingraftment scions; (6) preparing soil and field planting; (7) shaping and pruning; (8) controlling and preventing pests and diseases; and (9) carrying out fertilization management. The planting method of the randia cochinchinensis provided by the invention is simple to operate, the nursery-grown plants are in order, the fruits are more, and the pests and diseases are less.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae
Technical field
The invention belongs to fruit tree cultivation technical field, specifically a kind of implantation methods of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae.
Background technology
Cortex Clausenae Excavatae is commonly called as Corium Gallus domesticuss fruit, also known as spire Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels, scientific name C.anisum-olenaMerr, is that Rutaceae Clausena is more Year life evergreen dungarunga, is the fine tree species of Mountainous Area greening.It is mainly distributed on the stone that Guangxi southwest border area ethnic groups are lived in concentrated communities Mountain area.Cortex Clausenae Excavatae fruit contains the multi mineral nutrition of 18 kinds of aminoacid and needed by human body, tool is relieved summer heat, antiinflammatory, change it is stagnant, dispel Effect of wet, spleen-and-stomach-invigorating, can eat raw, seasoning, be used as medicine.Cortex Clausenae Excavatae tree be a kind of height of tree be 1-2 rice shrub, grafting field planting There is within 3rd year a small amount of plant blossom result afterwards, yield positive results substantially within the 4th year, and seedling tree takes the 4th to the 5th year ability result, transfers Seedlings picking is yielded positive results 1-2 ahead of time than seedling.Up to 2 meters, base encloses 13-15 centimetre to the Cortex Clausenae Excavatae height of the 4th year, hat width Up to 2 meters;Strain is produced up to 5 kilograms, with the age of tree increase and hat width expansion, fruitful branch increases, and yield gradually rises.Cortex Clausenae Excavatae Fruit is berry, and peel, sarcocarp are edible, sour-sweet and good smell.Sarcocarp contains 17 kinds of aminoacid, total amino acid content in every 100g For 1.029g, Vitamin C content is 66-82mg, and total sugar content is 9.8-10%, and solid content is 17.5-18.3%.Albumen Matter is 1.3%, and total acidity is 2.28%, and edible rate reaches more than 75-80%, and drying rate is 11-14%.Additionally contain what is enriched The various nutrients such as ferrum, calcium, are of high nutritive value.It is stagnant etc. that also there is eliminating the phlegm activating QI, removing food stagnancy to disappear for Cortex Clausenae Excavatae branch and leaf, fruit, rhizome Drug effect, has good health-care effect.Cortex Clausenae Excavatae is original in style in Rutaceae fruit with its good to eat sour-sweet taste and fragrance, The products such as Cortex Clausenae Excavatae dry, preserved fruit, fruit jam, beverage can be processed into.Its product disappears greasy appetizing, unique flavor, deep by the joyous of consumer Meet, and go abroad, export Southeast Asia and Hong Kong and Macao.The market conclusion of the business of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae is very active in recent years, and price is steady Rise, fresh fruit selling price is 4~5 yuan/kilogram.With the development of the raising and frontier juncture tourist industry of living standards of the people, there is meter Draw ground and select development Cortex Clausenae Excavatae this wild fruit, there will be good development prospect.But development Cortex Clausenae Excavatae fruit industry is then less not The plantation of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae tree, if scientic planting Cortex Clausenae Excavatae tree causes Cortex Clausenae Excavatae to meet the mesh that the market demand is that people pursue always Mark, open source literature also report the plantation of some Cortex Clausenae Excavatae trees, for example:
1st, Chinese patent:A kind of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae tree Efficient Cultivation and management method, application number:201410514382.X, the applying date: 2014.09.30, applicant:Xiao Zhixiong, address:Lane 2,532500 Zhong Zhen Nanhua street, Ningming county town, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Chongzuo City Technology Bureau's compound, inventor:Xiao Zhixiong, summary:A kind of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae tree Efficient Cultivation and management method, are first to be diluted to fertilizer The nutritional solution of liquid, then absorbed into Solid nutritional liquid by High hydrophilous resin;Several are beaten in Cortex Clausenae Excavatae tree strain surrounding Moisture, nutrient storage hole, then fill storage hole Solid nutritional liquid, and Solid nutritional liquid then will be the nutritional solution for being absorbed slow Discharge and absorb for the strain of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae tree;After Solid nutritional liquid has been discharged by High hydrophilous resin, can continue toward storage hole to fill Full water or nutritional solution, High hydrophilous resin absorb solidification moisture or nutritional solution again and get up, and are slowly discharged when arid again Absorb for the strain of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae tree.The invention does not need supporting related device and equipment in implementation process, mainly uses high water absorption Liquid manure is fixed up by the functional characteristic of resin, is slow during release, and fruit tree then can long-time, balanced and completely confession suction Receive, rich water is not lost in, does not waste;It is that balance applies one of maximally effective measure of liquid manure.
2nd, Chinese patent:A kind of method that Southwest Guangxi Rocky Desertification Region is cultivated and cultivates Cortex Clausenae Excavatae, application number: 201510961066.1, the applying date:2015.12.21, applicant:Guangxi Feng Jing Landscape constructions company limited, address: 530000 Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Nanning City Qingxiu District nationality main road 115-1 is modern. international No. 3 room of 9 floor, inventor:Dai Army, summary:The method that a kind of Southwest Guangxi Rocky Desertification Region of the disclosure of the invention is cultivated and cultivates Cortex Clausenae Excavatae, comprises the steps: Collect seed, seed treatment, accelerating germination are transplanted seedlings, manage, grafting.The invention Cortex Clausenae Excavatae seeding cultivating method is simple to operate, is easily mastered, goes out Seedling is neat, and survival rate is high, low cost, goes out garden soon, and quantity is more.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of implantation methods of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae, which is simple to operate, and nursery stock is neat, as a result many, disease Insect pest is few.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of implantation methods of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae, comprise the steps:
(1)Collect seed:Select to endanger without disease pest, fruit size is uniform, and fruit is smooth translucent in HUANGBAI(sic), Corium Gallus domesticuss gland point substantially, fill It is divided into ripe wild fruit.
(2)Seed treatment:By the wild fruit of harvesting, peeling, soaked 2 minutes with clarification lime water, clean and drain away the water, Treat that sowing is used.
(3)Sowing:In 7-8 months, the Cortex Clausenae Excavatae seed after drying is seeded in sand bed, 85-95% sunshades are given.
(4)Transplanting management:Treat growth of seedling to 10-15 centimetre by Nursery stock transplanting, timely water drenching, sunshade are changed to 75-85%, Seedling is applied fertilizer after surviving, and early stage with the growth of nursery stock, increases consumption, monthly chases after to impose the peanut residue water for becoming thoroughly decomposed thin Apply 1-2 time, in peanut residue water, after 2 months, add the carbamide of the 0.2-0.3% of peanut residue water weight to apply together;Seedling growth is high Top is plucked when degree is up to 30-50 centimetre.
(5)Grafting:Nursery stock from the ground 20 centimeters footpaths slightly up to more than 0.6 centimetre can grafting, from kind be Guiyan 6 Cortex Clausenae Excavatae tree the previous year give birth to branch as scion, blade is cut, every section 10-12 centimetre is cut into, is dipped into immersion and is killed Microbial inoculum 3-5 minutes, take out, using cleft graft grafting, go out by treating more than 50 centimetres of height of seedling Garden.
(6)Site preparation is colonized:Select hillside fields or level land of the gradient less than 30 ° of not hydrops, depth of soil in more than 1m, The loam or sandy loam of pH5.8-7.0, first compost;800-1000 kilogram of every mu of plot compost, then using hydraulic pressure depth rotary tillage Powder ridge machine is ploughed, more than 35 centimetres of tilling depth, is that 3m × 4m digs planting pit by line-spacing;According to a conventional method new plant is planted Enter;The time of field planting is the annual 3-4 months and the 9-11 months;Irrigating facility, such as ditch (canal), water storage should be set up in conditional orchard Pond etc..Deep powder ridge hydraulic rotary machine be Chinese patent " a kind of deep powder ridge hydraulic rotary machine ", Application No.: 201410430245.8, publication number:CN104255090A, application are artificial:Wei Yuanbo.
(7)Pruning:Treelet field planting is fixed dry before germination, does high 30-50cm, and the 1st time branch stays 3-4 major branch, Branch stays 2-4 healthy and strong major branch every time later, basically forms good tree crown within first 3 years, notes selecting and remain what is grown up during pruning Healthy and strong branch top;Pruning into annual bearer is mainly carried out after harvesting, mainly by result many growing ways weak weak branch, interior thorax secateurs Remove;After harvesting can the long 1-2 tip, each tip stays 2-3 branches as coming year bearing basal shoot according to branch top robustness, and bearing basal shoot is long , in 25-40cm, rugosity is in 0.5-0.7cm for degree.
(8)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Pollution-free plant source insecticide control is used according to pest and disease damage situation;Before guarantee is bloomed every year Sprinkling once, is sprayed once after plucking fruit;The material composition and parts by weight of described nuisance-free plant insecticide be:Nicotiana tabacum L. 20 ~30 parts, 20~30 parts of Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss, 20~30 parts of Herba polygoni hydropiperis, 10~15 parts of bitter fruit leaf, surfactant 1-2 parts, using method is Above-mentioned material in addition to surfactants is smashed, plus 5~10 times of water, is boiled half an hour, taken filtrate and add surface activity Agent, 300-500 times of dilution are sprayed;The liquid detergent that described surfactant is used for family kitchen.
(9)Fertilising;1-3 raw treelet phase fertilisings take duty apply it is thin apply, the principle with nitrogen fertilizer application based on liquid manure, apply in year and become thoroughly decomposed Night soil 4-5 time, each tip respectively apply 1 time;In addition in spring and summer per plant apply soybean cake fertilizer 0.5kg, divide 2 times and apply, each 0.25kg;Should While period duty applies liquid manure, compound fertilizer and carbamide are also suitably applied, Nian Zhushi compound fertilizer 0.1-0.3kg, carbamide 0.1-0.2kg, Apply points for 2 times, carry out when the spring tip is taken out at the beginning of 3 months for the 1st time, amount of application accounts for the 50% of whole year;Remaining is applied for the 2nd time, enters by the end of July OK;The raw trees of 1-2 can open shallow ridges in rhizosphere and apply, and 3 years raw trees can open semi-ring shallow ridges and apply;Into after operation period, year strain organic fertilizer 10-20kg, compound fertilizer 0.5-1kg;Per Zhu Shi compound fertilizer 0.5-1kg, ring shallow ridges is applied Hua Qianfei;Leaf is sprayed to branch and leaf before blooming Face spray;0.2-0.5 kilogram of young fruit period strain potassium application, can promote to bear fruit and improve quality;Adopt first 1 month, it is conditional can Per plant of soybean cake fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed for applying 0.1-0.2kg, is conducive to improving fruit quality;After fruit harvesting, it is necessary to impose 0.2- in time The compound fertilizer of 0.5kg, pouring apply night soil 1-2 time of becoming thoroughly decomposed, and to recover tree vigo(u)r, promote to adopt the robust growth of rear young sprout, are to take in the coming year Obtain high yield to lay a good foundation.
Described antibacterial is 300-450 times of liquid of 80% carbendazim and 70% thiophanate-methyl wettable powder, bacterium more than 80% The weight ratio of spirit and 70% thiophanate-methyl is 1:2.5.
After Cortex Clausenae Excavatae seed after drying is seeded in sand bed, 0.5-1 centimetre is covered with pine wood sawdust, drenched after covering Water.
Described compost is by cattle pen excrement 35-50 weight portions, Bombyx mori L. 15-20 parts, chicken manure 10-15 weight portion and plant ash 3- 5 weight portion mixed-stackings 3 months are derived above, monthly need turning once;Described cattle pen excrement is that cattle manure and cattle eat surplus grass The mixture of material.
Foliage-spray process was carried out using amino-oligosaccharide mixed liquor every 1-2 month during transplanting management;Described Amino-oligosaccharide mixed liquor is mixed with 2% amino-oligosaccharide and Radix Astragali water, the weight ratio of 2% amino-oligosaccharide and Radix Astragali water For 1:(3-5);Radix Astragali water is to add 10-15 times of water, big fire to boil using the Radix Astragali, and slow fire continuously adds 30-60 minutes, removes slag Water intaking, natural cooling are obtained.
The preparation process of described foliage spraying agent is:
(1)Camellia oleosa seed bran 5-10 weight portions, plus 3-5 times of water are taken, 1-2 hours is soaked, is obtained tea bran water;
(2)Peanut residue 3-8 weight portions are taken, the following powder of 200 mesh is broken into;It is standby;
(3)By fresh Os Bovis seu Bubali or Os Sus domestica, a small amount of meat can be connected with Os Bovis seu Bubali or Os Sus domestica, with tea bran water soak 1-2 hours, by bone Head is dried after slow fire is baked, and is broken into below 200 mesh with pulverizer, is obtained bone meal;
(4)Bone meal 40-60 weight portions are taken, which is mixed with peanut residue and sea salt, after adding the sweet wine cake of 0.5-1% of gross weight Stir, add the water of gross weight 1-2 times to stir into natural fermentation 5-7 days after pasty state, obtain fermentation material;
(5)The 200-300 times of water for weighing is added in fermentation material, and adds emulsifier for mixing uniformly to obtain final product, emulsifying agent adopts agriculture breast No. 300,1-1.5% of the amount that emulsifying agent is added for gross weight.
Guiyan 6 Cortex Clausenae Excavatae tree crown is in semicircle capitiform, and tree performance is opened a business, and without obvious trunk, is relatively downgraded, and is that Guangxi Subtropics are made Thing institute is cultivated and is obtained.Guiyan 6 Cortex Clausenae Excavatae tree trunk and perennial branch are in taupe.Annual shoot, petiole and rachis are equal By the very thin and pubescence of crotch, the translucent oil drop of the close life in each portion.Leaf is winglike compound leaf, lobule 8-l3 pieces, long lanceolar, leaf Base is circumscribed, and blade tip is tapering.The shallow sawtooth of leaf margin, big wave.Leaf keratin, color are dark green.The long 4-10cm of lobule, wide 2-3cm.Lobule is obvious It is anisopleual.Flower both sexes, complete flower, slightly panicle basidixed, fragrance;Bud is mixed bud.Alabastrum spheroidal, Bluish white; 10 pieces of stamen, long 3-4mm, colyliform arrangement;Flower pesticide yellow;L piece of gynoecium, ovary is upper, and style is extremely short, and stigma 5 is shallow to be split;Ovary 5 Room;5 pieces of petal, Bluish white, long 3-4mm, colyliform arrangement.5 pieces of sepal, it is minimum, it is about lmm, colyliform arrangement.The long 1.5- of anthocaulus 2.5mm.There is stalk or without stalk, long 1-2mm.Bennet base portion has 2 pieces of scale, easy to fall off.Holder, bennet, anthocaulus and rachises are dry to be had Tiny fine hair raw.Petal lateral surface also has tiny fine hair.Fine hair is done with rachises, anthocaulus is many, and petal is then less.Lateral root ratio More flourishing, shallow root, main root very substantially, are not distributed in absorption root from native table 40cm deep layers more.
The foliage spraying agent of the present invention is processed into bone meal from Os Sus domestica or Os Bovis seu Bubali, then mixes with peanut residue and sea salt, adds Stir after the sweet wine cake of the 0.5-1% of gross weight, add the water of gross weight 1-2 times to stir into natural fermentation 5-7 days after pasty state, Obtain fermentation material;The 200-300 times of water for weighing is added in fermentation material, and adds emulsifier for mixing uniformly to obtain final product, containing substantial amounts of phosphorus, Calcium constituent and protein, P elements about 10%, calcium constituent general 30%.P elements, calcium constituent and protein can make its root system Prosperity, increases completely filled fruit degree.And the present invention bakes fresh Os Sus domestica or Os Bovis seu Bubali using slow fire, while sterilization, fertilizer is improved Fragrance, plant prefer, and absorb strong sprout and keep a full stand of seedings and play effect resistant to lodging.
Cane molasses are sugar industries by the juice from sugar cane for squeezing out, heated, neutralization, precipitation, filter, concentration, crystallization Remaining dense fluids after refining sugar etc. operation, enriches containing what is stayed after the crystallization of sucrose, Fructose, glucose and white sugar very much Nutritional labeling and trace element, such as aminoacid, triacontanol etc., the affinity of spray can be adjusted, seek spray Form point comprehensively, after absorption, corn stem is strong, Semen Maydiss sugar is improved.
From peanut residue as organic principle, peanut residue is that Semen arachidis hypogaeae is put into make popular inside machine and squeezes out Semen arachidis hypogaeae to the present invention Remaining slag after oil, the present invention provide nutrition for Cortex Clausenae Excavatae after peanut residue is fermented, and contain substantial amounts of albumen after peanut residue fermentation Matter.
Utstanding substantial characteristics and significant improvement of the present invention are:
1st, seedling stage carry out foliar spray process using the amino-oligosaccharide mixed liquor that 2% amino-oligosaccharide and Radix Astragali water are mixed, So that Cortex Clausenae Excavatae Seedling possesses more preferable pest-resistant disease-resistant performance, the Radix Astragali can also supplement the weakness after kind of transplantation of seedlings, strengthen seedling sheet The immune performance of body, nursery stock pest and disease damage are few, and survival rate is high, and survival rate is up to 99.8%.
2nd, foliage spraying agent is sprayed to branch and leaf before blooming, the 4th annual single plant yield is up to 7.6kg, highest single plant yield Up to 8.5kg;5th annual single plant yield reaches 10.5kg.The implantation methods of the Cortex Clausenae Excavatae can be precocity fruiting, high yield, stable yields, if Rich water quality management is got caught up in, and as a result without biennial bearing, yield rises year by year, higher than traditional implantation methods by more than 10%.
3rd, select to endanger without disease pest, fruit size is uniform, and fruit is smooth translucent in HUANGBAI(sic), Corium Gallus domesticuss gland point is substantially, fully Ripe wild fruit carries out nursery, then the Cortex Clausenae Excavatae tree current-year branch from kind for Guiyan 6 is transferred as scion Connect, the Cortex Clausenae Excavatae tree for obtaining is more drought-enduring, growth is vigorous, and pest and disease damage is few.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is introduced in order to more detailed, with reference to embodiment, the present invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
The plantation of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae can be completed using following steps:
(1)Collect seed:Select to endanger without disease pest, fruit size is uniform, and fruit is smooth translucent in HUANGBAI(sic), Corium Gallus domesticuss gland point substantially, fill It is divided into ripe wild fruit.
(2)Seed treatment:By the wild fruit of harvesting, peeling, soaked 2 minutes with clarification lime water, clean and drain away the water, Treat that sowing is used.
(3)Sowing:In 7-8 months, the Cortex Clausenae Excavatae seed after drying is seeded in sand bed, 85-95% sunshades are given.
(4)Transplanting management:Treat growth of seedling to 10-15 centimetre by Nursery stock transplanting, timely water drenching, sunshade are changed to 75-85%, Seedling is applied fertilizer after surviving, and early stage with the growth of nursery stock, increases consumption, monthly chases after to impose the peanut residue water for becoming thoroughly decomposed thin Apply 1-2 time, in peanut residue water, after 2 months, add the carbamide of the 0.2-0.3% of peanut residue water weight to apply together;Seedling growth is high Pluck when degree is up to 30-50 centimetre.Carried out at foliage-spray using amino-oligosaccharide mixed liquor every 1-2 month during transplanting management Reason;Described amino-oligosaccharide mixed liquor is mixed with 2% amino-oligosaccharide and Radix Astragali water, 2% amino-oligosaccharide and the Radix Astragali The weight ratio of water is 1:(3-5);Radix Astragali water is to add 10-15 times of water, big fire to boil using the Radix Astragali, and slow fire continuously adds 30- 60 minutes, water intaking of removing slag, natural cooling were obtained.
(5)Grafting:Nursery stock from the ground 20 centimeters footpaths slightly up to more than 0.6 centimetre can grafting, from kind be Guiyan 6 Cortex Clausenae Excavatae tree the previous year give birth to branch as scion, blade is cut, every section 10-12 centimetre is cut into, is dipped into immersion and is killed Microbial inoculum 3-5 minutes, take out, using cleft graft grafting, go out by treating more than 50 centimetres of height of seedling Garden.
(6)Site preparation is colonized:Select hillside fields or level land of the gradient less than 30 ° of not hydrops, depth of soil in more than 1m, The loam or sandy loam of pH5.8-7.0, first compost;800-1000 kilogram of every mu of plot compost, then using hydraulic pressure depth rotary tillage Powder ridge machine is ploughed, more than 35 centimetres of tilling depth, is that 3m × 4m digs planting pit by line-spacing;According to a conventional method new plant is planted Enter;The time of field planting is the annual 3-4 months and the 9-11 months.
(7)Pruning:Treelet field planting is fixed dry before germination, does high 30-50cm, and the 1st time branch stays 3-4 major branch, Branch stays 2-4 healthy and strong major branch every time later, basically forms good tree crown within first 3 years, notes selecting and remain what is grown up during pruning Healthy and strong branch top;Pruning into annual bearer is mainly carried out after harvesting, mainly by result many growing ways weak weak branch, interior thorax secateurs Remove;After harvesting can the long 1-2 tip, each tip stays 2-3 branches as coming year bearing basal shoot according to branch top robustness, and bearing basal shoot is long , in 25-40cm, rugosity is in 0.5-0.7cm for degree.
(8)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Pollution-free plant source insecticide control is used according to pest and disease damage situation;Before guarantee is bloomed every year Sprinkling once, is sprayed once after plucking fruit;The material composition and parts by weight of described nuisance-free plant insecticide be:Nicotiana tabacum L. 20 ~30 parts, 20~30 parts of Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss, 20~30 parts of Herba polygoni hydropiperis, 10~15 parts of bitter fruit leaf, surfactant 1-2 parts, using method is Above-mentioned material in addition to surfactants is smashed, plus 5~10 times of water, is boiled half an hour, taken filtrate and add surface activity Agent, 300-500 times of dilution are sprayed;The liquid detergent that described surfactant is used for family kitchen.
(9)Fertilising;1-3 raw treelet phase fertilisings take duty apply it is thin apply, the principle with nitrogen fertilizer application based on liquid manure, apply in year and become thoroughly decomposed Night soil 4-5 time, each tip respectively apply 1 time;In addition in spring and summer per plant apply soybean cake fertilizer 0.5kg, divide 2 times and apply, each 0.25kg;Should While period duty applies liquid manure, compound fertilizer and carbamide are also suitably applied, Nian Zhushi compound fertilizer 0.1-0.3kg, carbamide 0.1-0.2kg, Apply points for 2 times, carry out when the spring tip is taken out at the beginning of 3 months for the 1st time, amount of application accounts for the 50% of whole year;Remaining is applied for the 2nd time, enters by the end of July OK;The raw trees of 1-2 can open shallow ridges in rhizosphere and apply, and 3 years raw trees can open semi-ring shallow ridges and apply;Into after operation period, year strain organic fertilizer 10-20kg, compound fertilizer 0.5-1kg;Per Zhu Shi compound fertilizer 0.5-1kg, ring shallow ridges is applied Hua Qianfei;Leaf is sprayed to branch and leaf before blooming Face spray;0.2-0.5 kilogram of young fruit period strain potassium application, can promote to bear fruit and improve quality;Adopt first 1 month, it is conditional can Per plant of soybean cake fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed for applying 0.1-0.2kg, is conducive to improving fruit quality;After fruit harvesting, it is necessary to impose 0.2- in time The compound fertilizer of 0.5kg, pouring apply night soil 1-2 time of becoming thoroughly decomposed, and to recover tree vigo(u)r, promote to adopt the robust growth of rear young sprout, are to take in the coming year Obtain high yield to lay a good foundation.
Described antibacterial is 300-450 times of liquid of 80% carbendazim and 70% thiophanate-methyl wettable powder, bacterium more than 80% The weight ratio of spirit and 70% thiophanate-methyl is 1:2.5.
After Cortex Clausenae Excavatae seed after drying is seeded in sand bed, 0.5-1 centimetre is covered with pine wood sawdust, drenched after covering Water.
Described compost is mixed by 50 weight portion of cattle pen excrement, 20 parts of Bombyx mori L., 15 weight portion of chicken manure and 5 weight portion of plant ash Pile up 3 months it is derived above, monthly need turning once;Described cattle pen excrement eats the mixture of surplus forage for cattle manure and cattle.
The preparation process of foliage spraying agent is:
(1)10 weight portion of camellia oleosa seed bran, plus 3-5 times of water are taken, 1-2 hours is soaked, is obtained tea bran water.
(2)8 weight portion of peanut residue is taken, the following powder of 200 mesh is broken into;It is standby.
(3)By fresh Os Bovis seu Bubali or Os Sus domestica, a small amount of meat can be connected with Os Bovis seu Bubali or Os Sus domestica, with tea bran water soak 1-2 hours, Bone is dried after slow fire is baked, is broken into below 200 mesh with pulverizer, is obtained bone meal.
(4)60 weight portion of bone meal is taken, which is mixed with peanut residue and sea salt, after adding the sweet wine cake of 0.5-1% of gross weight Stir, add the water of gross weight 1-2 times to stir into natural fermentation 5-7 days after pasty state, obtain fermentation material.
(5)The 200-300 times of water for weighing is added in fermentation material, and adds emulsifier for mixing uniformly to obtain final product, emulsifying agent is adopted Agriculture breast 300,1-1.5% of the amount that emulsifying agent is added for gross weight.
Embodiment 2
The plantation of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae can be completed using following steps:
(1)Collect seed:Select to endanger without disease pest, fruit size is uniform, and fruit is smooth translucent in HUANGBAI(sic), Corium Gallus domesticuss gland point substantially, fill It is divided into ripe wild fruit.
(2)Seed treatment:By the wild fruit of harvesting, peeling, soaked 2 minutes with clarification lime water, clean and drain away the water, Treat that sowing is used.
(3)Sowing:In 7-8 months, the Cortex Clausenae Excavatae seed after drying is seeded in sand bed, 85-95% sunshades are given.
(4)Transplanting management:Treat growth of seedling to 10-15 centimetre by Nursery stock transplanting, timely water drenching, sunshade are changed to 75-85%, Seedling is applied fertilizer after surviving, and early stage with the growth of nursery stock, increases consumption, monthly chases after to impose the peanut residue water for becoming thoroughly decomposed thin Apply 1-2 time, in peanut residue water, after 2 months, add the carbamide of the 0.2-0.3% of peanut residue water weight to apply together;Seedling growth is high Top is plucked when degree is up to 30-50 centimetre.
(5)Grafting:Nursery stock from the ground 20 centimeters footpaths slightly up to more than 0.6 centimetre can grafting, from kind be Guiyan 6 Cortex Clausenae Excavatae tree the previous year give birth to branch as scion, blade is cut, every section 10-12 centimetre is cut into, is dipped into immersion and is killed Microbial inoculum 3-5 minutes, take out, using cleft graft grafting, go out by treating more than 50 centimetres of height of seedling Garden.
(6)Site preparation is colonized:Select hillside fields or level land of the gradient less than 30 ° of not hydrops, depth of soil in more than 1m, The loam or sandy loam of pH5.8-7.0, first compost;800-1000 kilogram of every mu of plot compost, then using hydraulic pressure depth rotary tillage Powder ridge machine is ploughed, more than 35 centimetres of tilling depth, is that 3m × 4m digs planting pit by line-spacing;According to a conventional method new plant is planted Enter;The time of field planting is the annual 3-4 months and the 9-11 months.
(7)Pruning:Treelet field planting is fixed dry before germination, does high 30-50cm, and the 1st time branch stays 3-4 major branch, Branch stays 2-4 healthy and strong major branch every time later, basically forms good tree crown within first 3 years, notes selecting and remain what is grown up during pruning Healthy and strong branch top;Pruning into annual bearer is mainly carried out after harvesting, mainly by result many growing ways weak weak branch, interior thorax secateurs Remove;After harvesting can the long 1-2 tip, each tip stays 2-3 branches as coming year bearing basal shoot according to branch top robustness, and bearing basal shoot is long , in 25-40cm, rugosity is in 0.5-0.7cm for degree.
(8)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Pollution-free plant source insecticide control is used according to pest and disease damage situation;Before guarantee is bloomed every year Sprinkling once, is sprayed once after plucking fruit;The material composition and parts by weight of described nuisance-free plant insecticide be:Nicotiana tabacum L. 20 ~30 parts, 20~30 parts of Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss, 20~30 parts of Herba polygoni hydropiperis, 10~15 parts of bitter fruit leaf, surfactant 1-2 parts, using method is Above-mentioned material in addition to surfactants is smashed, plus 5~10 times of water, is boiled half an hour, taken filtrate and add surface activity Agent, 300-500 times of dilution are sprayed;The liquid detergent that described surfactant is used for family kitchen.
(9)Fertilising;1-3 raw treelet phase fertilisings take duty apply it is thin apply, the principle with nitrogen fertilizer application based on liquid manure, apply in year and become thoroughly decomposed Night soil 4-5 time, each tip respectively apply 1 time;In addition in spring and summer per plant apply soybean cake fertilizer 0.5kg, divide 2 times and apply, each 0.25kg;Should While period duty applies liquid manure, compound fertilizer and carbamide are also suitably applied, Nian Zhushi compound fertilizer 0.1-0.3kg, carbamide 0.1-0.2kg, Apply points for 2 times, carry out when the spring tip is taken out at the beginning of 3 months for the 1st time, amount of application accounts for the 50% of whole year;Remaining is applied for the 2nd time, enters by the end of July OK;The raw trees of 1-2 can open shallow ridges in rhizosphere and apply, and 3 years raw trees can open semi-ring shallow ridges and apply;Into after operation period, year strain organic fertilizer 10-20kg, compound fertilizer 0.5-1kg;Per Zhu Shi compound fertilizer 0.5-1kg, ring shallow ridges is applied Hua Qianfei;Leaf is sprayed to branch and leaf before blooming Face spray;0.2-0.5 kilogram of young fruit period strain potassium application, can promote to bear fruit and improve quality;Adopt first 1 month, it is conditional can Per plant of soybean cake fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed for applying 0.1-0.2kg, is conducive to improving fruit quality;After fruit harvesting, it is necessary to impose 0.2- in time The compound fertilizer of 0.5kg, pouring apply night soil 1-2 time of becoming thoroughly decomposed, and to recover tree vigo(u)r, promote to adopt the robust growth of rear young sprout, are to take in the coming year Obtain high yield to lay a good foundation.
Described antibacterial is 300-450 times of liquid of 80% carbendazim and 70% thiophanate-methyl wettable powder, bacterium more than 80% The weight ratio of spirit and 70% thiophanate-methyl is 1:2.5.
Described compost is mixed by 40 weight portion of cattle pen excrement, 18 parts of Bombyx mori L., 13 weight portion of chicken manure and 4 weight portion of plant ash Pile up 3 months it is derived above, monthly need turning once;Described cattle pen excrement eats the mixture of surplus forage for cattle manure and cattle.
The preparation process of foliage spraying agent is:
(1)8 weight portion of camellia oleosa seed bran, plus 3-5 times of water are taken, 1-2 hours is soaked, is obtained tea bran water.
(2)5 weight portion of peanut residue is taken, the following powder of 200 mesh is broken into;It is standby.
(3)By fresh Os Bovis seu Bubali or Os Sus domestica, a small amount of meat can be connected with Os Bovis seu Bubali or Os Sus domestica, with tea bran water soak 1-2 hours, Bone is dried after slow fire is baked, is broken into below 200 mesh with pulverizer, is obtained bone meal.
(4)50 weight portion of bone meal is taken, which is mixed with peanut residue and sea salt, after adding the sweet wine cake of 0.5-1% of gross weight Stir, add the water of gross weight 1-2 times to stir into natural fermentation 5-7 days after pasty state, obtain fermentation material.
(5)The 200-300 times of water for weighing is added in fermentation material, and adds emulsifier for mixing uniformly to obtain final product, emulsifying agent is adopted Agriculture breast 300,1-1.5% of the amount that emulsifying agent is added for gross weight.
Embodiment 3
The plantation of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae can be completed using following steps:
(1)Collect seed:Select to endanger without disease pest, fruit size is uniform, and fruit is smooth translucent in HUANGBAI(sic), Corium Gallus domesticuss gland point substantially, fill It is divided into ripe wild fruit.
(2)Seed treatment:By the wild fruit of harvesting, peeling, soaked 2 minutes with clarification lime water, clean and drain away the water, Treat that sowing is used.
(3)Sowing:In 7-8 months, the Cortex Clausenae Excavatae seed after drying is seeded in sand bed, 85-95% sunshades are given.
(4)Transplanting management:Treat growth of seedling to 10-15 centimetre by Nursery stock transplanting, timely water drenching, sunshade are changed to 75-85%, Seedling is applied fertilizer after surviving, and early stage with the growth of nursery stock, increases consumption, monthly chases after to impose the peanut residue water for becoming thoroughly decomposed thin Apply 1-2 time, in peanut residue water, after 2 months, add the carbamide of the 0.2-0.3% of peanut residue water weight to apply together;Seedling growth is high Top is plucked when degree is up to 30-50 centimetre.
(5)Grafting:Nursery stock from the ground 20 centimeters footpaths slightly up to more than 0.6 centimetre can grafting, from kind be Guiyan 6 Cortex Clausenae Excavatae tree the previous year give birth to branch as scion, blade is cut, every section 10-12 centimetre is cut into, is dipped into immersion and is killed Microbial inoculum 3-5 minutes, take out, using cleft graft grafting, go out by treating more than 50 centimetres of height of seedling Garden.
(6)Site preparation is colonized:Select hillside fields or level land of the gradient less than 30 ° of not hydrops, depth of soil in more than 1m, The loam or sandy loam of pH5.8-7.0, first compost;800-1000 kilogram of every mu of plot compost, then using hydraulic pressure depth rotary tillage Powder ridge machine is ploughed, more than 35 centimetres of tilling depth, is that 3m × 4m digs planting pit by line-spacing;According to a conventional method new plant is planted Enter;The time of field planting is the annual 3-4 months and the 9-11 months.
(7)Pruning:Treelet field planting is fixed dry before germination, does high 30-50cm, and the 1st time branch stays 3-4 major branch, Branch stays 2-4 healthy and strong major branch every time later, basically forms good tree crown within first 3 years, notes selecting and remain what is grown up during pruning Healthy and strong branch top;Pruning into annual bearer is mainly carried out after harvesting, mainly by result many growing ways weak weak branch, interior thorax secateurs Remove;After harvesting can the long 1-2 tip, each tip stays 2-3 branches as coming year bearing basal shoot according to branch top robustness, and bearing basal shoot is long , in 25-40cm, rugosity is in 0.5-0.7cm for degree.
(8)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Pollution-free plant source insecticide control is used according to pest and disease damage situation;Before guarantee is bloomed every year Sprinkling once, is sprayed once after plucking fruit;The material composition and parts by weight of described nuisance-free plant insecticide be:Nicotiana tabacum L. 20 ~30 parts, 20~30 parts of Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss, 20~30 parts of Herba polygoni hydropiperis, 10~15 parts of bitter fruit leaf, surfactant 1-2 parts, using method is Above-mentioned material in addition to surfactants is smashed, plus 5~10 times of water, is boiled half an hour, taken filtrate and add surface activity Agent, 300-500 times of dilution are sprayed;The liquid detergent that described surfactant is used for family kitchen.
(9)Fertilising;1-3 raw treelet phase fertilisings take duty apply it is thin apply, the principle with nitrogen fertilizer application based on liquid manure, apply in year and become thoroughly decomposed Night soil 4-5 time, each tip respectively apply 1 time;In addition in spring and summer per plant apply soybean cake fertilizer 0.5kg, divide 2 times and apply, each 0.25kg;Should While period duty applies liquid manure, compound fertilizer and carbamide are also suitably applied, Nian Zhushi compound fertilizer 0.1-0.3kg, carbamide 0.1-0.2kg, Apply points for 2 times, carry out when the spring tip is taken out at the beginning of 3 months for the 1st time, amount of application accounts for the 50% of whole year;Remaining is applied for the 2nd time, enters by the end of July OK;The raw trees of 1-2 can open shallow ridges in rhizosphere and apply, and 3 years raw trees can open semi-ring shallow ridges and apply;Into after operation period, year strain organic fertilizer 10-20kg, compound fertilizer 0.5-1kg;Per Zhu Shi compound fertilizer 0.5-1kg, ring shallow ridges is applied Hua Qianfei;Leaf is sprayed to branch and leaf before blooming Face spray;0.2-0.5 kilogram of young fruit period strain potassium application, can promote to bear fruit and improve quality;Adopt first 1 month, it is conditional can Per plant of soybean cake fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed for applying 0.1-0.2kg, is conducive to improving fruit quality;After fruit harvesting, it is necessary to impose 0.2- in time The compound fertilizer of 0.5kg, pouring apply night soil 1-2 time of becoming thoroughly decomposed, and to recover tree vigo(u)r, promote to adopt the robust growth of rear young sprout, are to take in the coming year Obtain high yield to lay a good foundation.
Described antibacterial is 300-450 times of liquid of 80% carbendazim and 70% thiophanate-methyl wettable powder, bacterium more than 80% The weight ratio of spirit and 70% thiophanate-methyl is 1:2.5.
After Cortex Clausenae Excavatae seed after drying is seeded in sand bed, 0.5-1 centimetre is covered with pine wood sawdust, drenched after covering Water.
Described compost is mixed by 35 weight portion of cattle pen excrement, 15 parts of Bombyx mori L., 10 weight portion of chicken manure and plant ash 3-5 weight portions Close pile up 3 months it is derived above, monthly need turning once;Described cattle pen excrement eats the mixing of surplus forage for cattle manure and cattle Thing.
The preparation process of foliage spraying agent is:
(1)5 weight portion of camellia oleosa seed bran, plus 3 times of water are taken, is soaked 1 hour, is obtained tea bran water.
(2)3 weight portion of peanut residue is taken, the following powder of 200 mesh is broken into;It is standby.
(3)By fresh Os Bovis seu Bubali or Os Sus domestica, a small amount of meat can be connected with Os Bovis seu Bubali or Os Sus domestica, with tea bran water soak 1-2 hours, Bone is dried after slow fire is baked, is broken into below 200 mesh with pulverizer, is obtained bone meal.
(4)40 weight portion of bone meal is taken, which is mixed with peanut residue and sea salt, after adding the sweet wine cake of 0.5-1% of gross weight Stir, add the water of gross weight 1-2 times to stir into natural fermentation 5-7 days after pasty state, obtain fermentation material.
(5)The 200-300 times of water for weighing is added in fermentation material, and adds emulsifier for mixing uniformly to obtain final product, emulsifying agent is adopted Agriculture breast 300,1-1.5% of the amount that emulsifying agent is added for gross weight.
The present inventor has used the method for the present invention and the method for routine to plant Cortex Clausenae Excavatae respectively on adjacent ground, this Bright nursery stock pest and disease damage is few, and survival rate is high, survives to be up to 99%, and the survival rate of conventional method is 91%, and the Seedling of conventional method Wooden pest and disease damage is more, and the 5th annual single plant yield reaches, higher than traditional implantation methods by more than 18.5%.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of implantation methods of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae, it is characterised in that:Implantation methods comprise the steps:
(1)Collect seed:Select to endanger without disease pest, fruit size is uniform, and fruit is smooth translucent in HUANGBAI(sic), Corium Gallus domesticuss gland point substantially, fill It is divided into ripe wild fruit;
(2)Seed treatment:By the wild fruit of harvesting, peeling, soaked 2 minutes with clarification lime water, clean and drain away the water, wait to broadcast Plant and use;
(3)Sowing:In 7-8 months, the Cortex Clausenae Excavatae seed after drying is seeded in sand bed, 85-95% sunshades are given;
(4)Transplanting management:Treat growth of seedling to 10-15 centimetre by Nursery stock transplanting, timely water drenching, sunshade are changed to 75-85%, seedling Applied fertilizer after surviving, early stage with the growth of nursery stock, increases consumption, monthly imposes 1-2 to impose the peanut residue water for becoming thoroughly decomposed thin It is secondary, in peanut residue water, add the carbamide of the 0.2-0.3% of peanut residue water weight to apply after 2 months together;Seedling growth highly reaches Top is plucked when 30-50 centimetre;
(5)Grafting:Nursery stock from the ground 20 centimeters footpaths slightly up to more than 0.6 centimetre can grafting, from kind for Guiyan 6 mountain Wampee the previous year gives birth to branch as scion, and blade is cut, every section 10-12 centimetre is cut into, soaking sterilization agent is dipped into 3-5 minutes, take out, using cleft graft grafting, by treating more than 50 centimetres of height of seedling, go out garden;
(6)Site preparation is colonized:Hillside fields or level land of the gradient less than 30 ° of not hydrops is selected, depth of soil is in more than 1m, pH5.8- 7.0 loam or sandy loam, first compost;800-1000 kilogram of every mu of plot compost, then using deep powder ridge hydraulic rotary machine Ploughed, more than 35 centimetres of tilling depth is that 3m × 4m digs planting pit by line-spacing;According to a conventional method new plant is implanted into;It is fixed The time of plant is the annual 3-4 months and the 9-11 months;
(7)Pruning:Treelet field planting is fixed dry before germination, does high 30-50cm, and the 1st time branch stays 3-4 major branch, after Branch stays 2-4 healthy and strong major branch every time, basically forms good tree crown within first 3 years, and note selecting and remain during pruning the stalwartness for growing up Branch top;Pruning into annual bearer is mainly carried out after harvesting, is mainly removed result many growing ways weak weak branch, interior thorax secateurs; After harvesting can the long 1-2 tip, each tip stays 2-3 branches as coming year bearing basal shoot, bearing basal shoot length according to branch top robustness In 25-40cm, rugosity is in 0.5-0.7cm;
(8)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Pollution-free plant source insecticide control is used according to pest and disease damage situation;Prebloom spray is opened in guarantee every year Once, spray once after plucking fruit;The material composition and parts by weight of described nuisance-free plant insecticide be:Nicotiana tabacum L. 20~30 Part, 20~30 parts of Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss, 20~30 parts of Herba polygoni hydropiperis, 10~15 parts of bitter fruit leaf, surfactant 1-2 parts, using method is will be upper The material stated in addition to surfactants is smashed, plus 5~10 times of water, is boiled half an hour, is taken filtrate and is added surfactant, dilute Release 300-500 times to spray;The liquid detergent that described surfactant is used for family kitchen;
(9)Fertilising;1-3 raw treelet phase fertilisings take duty apply it is thin apply, the principle with nitrogen fertilizer application based on liquid manure, apply the human excrement that becomes thoroughly decomposed in year Urine 4-5 time, each tip respectively applies 1 time;In addition in spring and summer per plant apply soybean cake fertilizer 0.5kg, divide 2 times and apply, each 0.25kg;The period While duty applies liquid manure, compound fertilizer and carbamide are also suitably applied, Nian Zhushi compound fertilizer 0.1-0.3kg, carbamide 0.1-0.2kg divide 2 times Apply, carry out when the spring tip is taken out at the beginning of 3 months for the 1st time, amount of application accounts for the 50% of whole year;Remaining is applied for the 2nd time, carries out by the end of July;1-2 Nian Shengshu can open shallow ridges in rhizosphere and apply, and 3 years raw trees can open semi-ring shallow ridges and apply;Into after operation period, year strain organic fertilizer 10- 20kg, compound fertilizer 0.5-1kg;Per Zhu Shi compound fertilizer 0.5-1kg, ring shallow ridges is applied Hua Qianfei;Blade face is sprayed to branch and leaf before blooming Spray;0.2-0.5 kilogram of young fruit period strain potassium application, can promote to bear fruit and improve quality;Adopt first 1 month, it is conditional can be every The soybean cake fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed of 0.1-0.2kg is applied in strain, is conducive to improving fruit quality;After fruit harvesting, it is necessary to impose 0.2-0.5kg in time Compound fertilizer, night soil 1-2 time of becoming thoroughly decomposed is applied in pouring, and to recover tree vigo(u)r, the robust growth of rear young sprout is adopted in promotion, is coming year acquirement high yield Lay a good foundation.
2. implantation methods of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described antibacterial is 80% carbendazim Weight ratio with 300-450 times of liquid of 70% thiophanate-methyl wettable powder, 80% carbendazim and 70% thiophanate-methyl is 1: 2.5。
3. implantation methods of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Cortex Clausenae Excavatae seed after drying is sowed After in the sand bed, 0.5-1 centimetre is covered with pine wood sawdust, water of drenching after covering.
4. implantation methods of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described compost is by cattle pen excrement 35-50 Weight portion, Bombyx mori L. 15-20 parts, chicken manure 10-15 weight portion and plant ash 3-5 weight portions mixed-stacking 3 months are derived above, often The moon needs turning once;Described cattle pen excrement eats the mixture of surplus forage for cattle manure and cattle.
5. implantation methods of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Every 1-2 during transplanting management The moon carries out foliage-spray process using amino-oligosaccharide mixed liquor;Described amino-oligosaccharide mixed liquor is to use 2% amino-oligosaccharide Mix with Radix Astragali water, the weight ratio of 2% amino-oligosaccharide and Radix Astragali water is 1:(3-5);Radix Astragali water is added using the Radix Astragali 10-15 times of water, big fire are boiled, and slow fire continuously adds 30-60 minutes, and water intaking of removing slag, natural cooling are obtained.
6. implantation methods of Cortex Clausenae Excavatae according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The preparation of described foliage spraying agent Cheng Wei:
(1)Camellia oleosa seed bran 5-10 weight portions, plus 3-5 times of water are taken, 1-2 hours is soaked, is obtained tea bran water;
(2)Peanut residue 3-8 weight portions are taken, the following powder of 200 mesh is broken into;It is standby;
(3)By fresh Os Bovis seu Bubali or Os Sus domestica, a small amount of meat can be connected with Os Bovis seu Bubali or Os Sus domestica, with tea bran water soak 1-2 hours, by bone Head is dried after slow fire is baked, and is broken into below 200 mesh with pulverizer, is obtained bone meal;
(4)Bone meal 40-60 weight portions are taken, which is mixed with peanut residue and sea salt, after adding the sweet wine cake of 0.5-1% of gross weight Stir, add the water of gross weight 1-2 times to stir into natural fermentation 5-7 days after pasty state, obtain fermentation material;
(5)The 200-300 times of water for weighing is added in fermentation material, and adds emulsifier for mixing uniformly to obtain final product, emulsifying agent adopts agriculture breast No. 300,1-1.5% of the amount that emulsifying agent is added for gross weight.
CN201611130802.XA 2016-12-09 2016-12-09 Planting method of randia cochinchinensis Pending CN106577123A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107660436A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-06 博白县富山水果种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of Wampee tree
CN107750803A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-03-06 谢育枝 A kind of implantation methods for improving clausenae Lansium yield
CN109006346A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-12-18 句容厚朴生态农业有限公司 A kind of planting matrix and its application reducing dragon fruit pest and disease damage
CN113875477A (en) * 2021-10-23 2022-01-04 广西南亚热带农业科学研究所 Black olive seedling cultivation method
CN116195468A (en) * 2023-04-04 2023-06-02 广西南亚热带农业科学研究所 Dwarfing cultivation method for wampee

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CN107660436A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-06 博白县富山水果种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of Wampee tree
CN107750803A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-03-06 谢育枝 A kind of implantation methods for improving clausenae Lansium yield
CN109006346A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-12-18 句容厚朴生态农业有限公司 A kind of planting matrix and its application reducing dragon fruit pest and disease damage
CN113875477A (en) * 2021-10-23 2022-01-04 广西南亚热带农业科学研究所 Black olive seedling cultivation method
CN116195468A (en) * 2023-04-04 2023-06-02 广西南亚热带农业科学研究所 Dwarfing cultivation method for wampee

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