CN104770181A - Strawberry planting method - Google Patents

Strawberry planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104770181A
CN104770181A CN201510193103.9A CN201510193103A CN104770181A CN 104770181 A CN104770181 A CN 104770181A CN 201510193103 A CN201510193103 A CN 201510193103A CN 104770181 A CN104770181 A CN 104770181A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
strawberry
planting
ground
soil
planting method
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Pending
Application number
CN201510193103.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴迪
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吴迪
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Priority to CN201510193103.9A priority Critical patent/CN104770181A/en
Publication of CN104770181A publication Critical patent/CN104770181A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a strawberry planting method. The strawberry planting method comprises the following steps of land selection, seedling culturing, sufficient applying of base fertilizer, fine furrowing, detoxifying of strawberry seedling, management after cultivating, reasonable fertilizer applying, control of pests and diseases, and harvesting at proper time; after the 80-90% of strawberry fruits are red, the strawberry fruits can be harvested. The strawberry planting method has the advantages that the planting method is reasonable and scientific, the effect for controlling the pests and diseases is obvious, and the yield of strawberry is obviously improved; as an organic fertilizer is applied, the mouth feel and fragrance of strawberry are improved, the cost is reduced, and the health development of strawberry planting industry is guaranteed.

Description

A kind of strawberry cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to proportion of crop planting technical field, especially a kind of strawberry cultivation method.
Background technology
China is the country that strawberry wild resource is the abundantest in the world, starts very early to utilize fraises des bois, and follows so far always.The nutrition-allocated proportion of strawberry is quite reasonable, and wherein ascorbic content is about 10 times of the watermelon of equivalent, grape or apple, is rich in iron, fructose, glucose, citric acid, malic acid etc. in addition in strawberry.Strawberry, for old man, child and body void person, is the good merchantable brand of nourishing.For the cough with lung heat easily occurred spring, have a sore throat, long fiery furuncle etc., the nutritive element contained in strawberry can play the effect of supplemental treatment.
In recent years, occur in strawberry production that output reduces, deformed fruit, go on the market slower; degradation trend under economic benefit, its main cause is lack strawberry high quality seedling production technology on the one hand, causes the disease certain kind of berries to accumulate serious; make strawberry original kind of sexual involution, quality and yield significantly declines; Be on the other hand that planting type comparatively backwardness covered a roof with straw by yellow grass, lack the efficiency cultivation technology for high of forcing culture listing ahead of time, thus the planting benefit of the person that makes strawberry cultivating declines.
In view of the foregoing, a kind of strawberry cultivation method is now developed.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome deficiency of the prior art, a kind of strawberry cultivation method is provided, the reasonable science of implantation methods, to strawberry cultivating prevention and elimination of disease and pests Be very effective, significantly can increase the output of strawberry, due to manure use, strawberry mouthfeel and strawberry aroma can be improved, provide cost savings, in turn ensure that the sound development of strawberry cultivating industry.
The present invention to achieve these goals, adopts following technical scheme: a kind of strawberry cultivation method,
Ground, garden is selected: select physical features higher, ground even, the soil is porous, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and illumination is good, organic abundant loam or sandy loam plantation;
Cultivate seedling: at the end of 03 month, at the beginning of 4 months, build nursery field;
Use sufficient base manure: will thoroughly weed a garden before transplanting, carefully use sufficient base manure wholely, increase fertility of land, to meet the requirement of whole growth cycle to nutrient; The assembly percentage by weight of described base manure is: dry branches and fallen leaves and weeds 35-40%, farmers''s cow dung and chicken manure 32-38%, peanut press pulp 5-8%, fertile cake 13-22%, native 20-25%, and above each component by weight ratio sum is 100%;
Meticulously do furrow: August head, the bedding of whole ground, bedding is meticulous, and accomplish furrow face, the furrow ridge is straight, soil is in small, broken bits smooth, heavy real soil;
Strawberry Seedlings: transplant Strawberry Seedlings, avoid exposure in sunshine, by concordant with ground for rice shoot collar portion, the back of a bow outwards reaches and deeply do not bury the heart, shallow not crab rooting, and allows root system fully trail;
Management after planting: water in time after cultivation, extracts Lao Ye, Huang Ye, sick leaf and the new Portugal's volt stem extracted out, keeps soil moisture, before the winter, carry out plastic mulching cold-proof, germinate, remove rupture of membranes and carry seedling during rice shoot in early spring in order to spring;
Rationally topdress: just the flowers are in blossom begins to add farm organic fertilizer, and places honeybee and pollinate, through honey bees pollination, strawberry fruit shape is neat, uniform coloring, surface color are red gorgeous; Described farm organic fertilizer comprises people and animals' fecaluria, cake fertilizer, stalk, rice husk, pine needle, river silt, bark, weeds etc.;
Prevention and elimination of disease and pests: use clear water to soak tealeaves 12 ~ 24 hours, then night 9 point ~ 10 infusion of tea liquid is sprayed to planting site, within every 15 ~ 20 days, spray once, once find the young plant of disease or insect pest in planting process, uproop immediately and burn process;
Timely collecting: until pluck when the strawberry fruit of 75 one 90% is red.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention selects with adopting garden, cultivate seedling, use sufficient base manure, meticulously do furrow, virus-free strawberry seedling, plant after manage, rationally topdress, prevention and elimination of disease and pests, timely collecting: until harvesting when the strawberry fruit of 80-90% is red, the reasonable science of implantation methods, to strawberry cultivating prevention and elimination of disease and pests Be very effective, significantly can increase the output of strawberry, due to manure use, strawberry mouthfeel and strawberry aroma can be improved, provide cost savings, in turn ensure that the sound development of strawberry cultivating industry.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment and embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
Embodiment 1
Ground, garden is selected: select physical features higher, ground even, the soil is porous, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and illumination is good, organic abundant loam or sandy loam plantation;
Cultivate seedling: at the end of 03 month, at the beginning of 4 months, build nursery field;
Use sufficient base manure: will thoroughly weed a garden before transplanting, carefully use sufficient base manure wholely, increase fertility of land, to meet the requirement of whole growth cycle to nutrient; The assembly percentage by weight of described base manure is: dry branches and fallen leaves and weeds 35-40%, farmers''s cow dung and chicken manure 32-38%, peanut press pulp 5-8%, fertile cake 13-22%, native 20-25%, and above each component by weight ratio sum is 100%;
Meticulously do furrow: August head, the bedding of whole ground, bedding is meticulous, and accomplish furrow face, the furrow ridge is straight, soil is in small, broken bits smooth, heavy real soil;
Strawberry Seedlings: transplant Strawberry Seedlings, avoid exposure in sunshine, by concordant with ground for rice shoot collar portion, the back of a bow outwards reaches and deeply do not bury the heart, shallow not crab rooting, and allows root system fully trail;
Management after planting: water in time after cultivation, extracts Lao Ye, Huang Ye, sick leaf and the new Portugal's volt stem extracted out, keeps soil moisture, before the winter, carry out plastic mulching cold-proof, germinate, remove rupture of membranes and carry seedling during rice shoot in early spring in order to spring;
Rationally topdress: just the flowers are in blossom begins to add farm organic fertilizer, and places honeybee and pollinate, through honey bees pollination, strawberry fruit shape is neat, uniform coloring, surface color are red gorgeous; Described farm organic fertilizer comprises people and animals' fecaluria, cake fertilizer, stalk, rice husk, pine needle, river silt, bark, weeds etc.;
Prevention and elimination of disease and pests: use clear water to soak tealeaves 12 ~ 24 hours, then night 9 point ~ 10 infusion of tea liquid is sprayed to planting site, within every 15 ~ 20 days, spray once, once find the young plant of disease or insect pest in planting process, uproop immediately and burn process;
Timely collecting: until pluck when the strawberry fruit of 75 one 90% is red.

Claims (1)

1. a strawberry cultivation method, is characterized in that:
Ground, garden is selected: select physical features higher, ground even, the soil is porous, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and illumination is good, organic abundant loam or sandy loam plantation;
Cultivate seedling: at the end of 03 month, at the beginning of 4 months, build nursery field;
Use sufficient base manure: will thoroughly weed a garden before transplanting, carefully use sufficient base manure wholely, increase fertility of land, to meet the requirement of whole growth cycle to nutrient; The assembly percentage by weight of described base manure is: dry branches and fallen leaves and weeds 35-40%, farmers''s cow dung and chicken manure 32-38%, peanut press pulp 5-8%, fertile cake 13-22%, native 20-25%, and above each component by weight ratio sum is 100%;
Meticulously do furrow: August head, the bedding of whole ground, bedding is meticulous, and accomplish furrow face, the furrow ridge is straight, soil is in small, broken bits smooth, heavy real soil;
Strawberry Seedlings: transplant Strawberry Seedlings, avoid exposure in sunshine, by concordant with ground for rice shoot collar portion, the back of a bow outwards reaches and deeply do not bury the heart, shallow not crab rooting, and allows root system fully trail;
Management after planting: water in time after cultivation, extracts Lao Ye, Huang Ye, sick leaf and the new Portugal's volt stem extracted out, keeps soil moisture, before the winter, carry out plastic mulching cold-proof, germinate, remove rupture of membranes and carry seedling during rice shoot in early spring in order to spring;
Rationally topdress: just the flowers are in blossom begins to add farm organic fertilizer, and places honeybee and pollinate, through honey bees pollination, strawberry fruit shape is neat, uniform coloring, surface color are red gorgeous; Described farm organic fertilizer comprises people and animals' fecaluria, cake fertilizer, stalk, rice husk, pine needle, river silt, bark, weeds etc.;
Prevention and elimination of disease and pests: use clear water to soak tealeaves 12 ~ 24 hours, then night 9 point ~ 10 infusion of tea liquid is sprayed to planting site, within every 15 ~ 20 days, spray once, once find the young plant of disease or insect pest in planting process, uproop immediately and burn process;
Timely collecting: until pluck when the strawberry fruit of 75-90% is red.
CN201510193103.9A 2015-04-22 2015-04-22 Strawberry planting method Pending CN104770181A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510193103.9A CN104770181A (en) 2015-04-22 2015-04-22 Strawberry planting method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510193103.9A CN104770181A (en) 2015-04-22 2015-04-22 Strawberry planting method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104770181A true CN104770181A (en) 2015-07-15

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510193103.9A Pending CN104770181A (en) 2015-04-22 2015-04-22 Strawberry planting method

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CN (1) CN104770181A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105191764A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-30 天津市设施农业研究所 Planting method for cultivating strawberries by using foam boxes
CN105409535A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-03-23 韦昱灵 Planting method for strawberries
CN105917954A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-09-07 霍山县新元生态农业有限公司 Strawberry planting method
CN105918089A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-09-07 山东理工大学 Soilless planting method for organic strawberries
CN109496716A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-03-22 遵义聚惠众农业发展有限公司 A kind of planting technology of strawberry

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105191764A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-30 天津市设施农业研究所 Planting method for cultivating strawberries by using foam boxes
CN105409535A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-03-23 韦昱灵 Planting method for strawberries
CN105918089A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-09-07 山东理工大学 Soilless planting method for organic strawberries
CN105917954A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-09-07 霍山县新元生态农业有限公司 Strawberry planting method
CN109496716A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-03-22 遵义聚惠众农业发展有限公司 A kind of planting technology of strawberry

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Application publication date: 20150715

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication