CN105145253B - The implantation methods of organic passion fruit - Google Patents

The implantation methods of organic passion fruit Download PDF

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CN105145253B
CN105145253B CN201510570747.5A CN201510570747A CN105145253B CN 105145253 B CN105145253 B CN 105145253B CN 201510570747 A CN201510570747 A CN 201510570747A CN 105145253 B CN105145253 B CN 105145253B
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passion fruit
fruit
planting
organic
growth
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CN105145253A (en
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黄伟
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莫明鑫
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G1/00Mixtures of fertilisers belonging individually to different subclasses of C05

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of implantation methods of organic passion fruit, including selection kind, addressing, site preparation, adjust soil pH, establish passion fruit base, field planting, pruning, field management and the planting process such as yield positive results, present invention fertilising and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control are all using organic fertilizer and less toxic control method, it is rich in sugar full of yellow fruit juice between the passion fruit pulp of production, it is bright in colour, yield is up to 2 tons/mu, year, it is pollution-free, 1 year harvest 5 season fruit.And the extra earning planted successfully for local peasant household of organic passion fruit creates theoretical and practical foundation.The leeward level land on the sunny side of present invention selection, have good water source, soil layer be thick, in fertility the upper, place that has a good transport service as planting base;It ensure that passion fruit growth has good environment, and the root of nursery stock is planted in furrow, on the sunny side, so that root preferably absorbs sunlight, be also convenient for fertilizing and weeding.

Description

The implantation methods of organic passion fruit

Technical field

The present invention relates to organic fruits field of planting, and in particular to a kind of implantation methods of organic passion fruit.

Background technology

Passion fruit,【Latin name】Pas-siflora edulis sims,【Alias】Ocean pomegranate, violet passion fruit, passion fruit Rattan pomegranate;【Chinese scientific name】Passion fruit;【Meridian distribution of property and flavor】Bitter, acid, puts down.Enter the heart, large intestine two passes through.【Source】For western fragrant Nelumbonaceae plant The fruit of passion fruit.【Effect】Antitoxic heart-soothing and sedative, promoting blood circulation and stopping pain, relieving diarrhea with astringents.【It cures mainly】Restlessness of asrhenia type and insomnia, the heart for deficiency of heart-blood Throb with fear the diseases such as palpitation;For diseases such as the irregular menstruation of women's blood vessels retardance, blockage of menstruation, lower abdominal distention pain, dysmenorrhoeas;For weakness of the spleen and the stomach The diseases such as chronic diarrhea, protracted dysentery, warm pain, diarrhea.Passion fruit mainly has two major class of purple fruit and yellow fruit.About 20 years plant service life, economic life General 8 to 10 years.The root of passion fruit is fleshy root, and stem tool climber, mostly green, marrow is hollow, and internode is smooth, there is tendril. Blade palmate three is split, and has sawtooth, smooth, dark green, and vein protrudes, and leaf is evergreen.Beauty that flower pattern is very large.Fruit is berry, fruit Leather matter is tough and tensile, smooth.Full of yellow fruit juice between pulp, like raw egg yolk.Passion fruit likes warm and moist environment, in annual mean temperature 18 DEG C or more of degree, the area growth of 1000 to 2000 millimeters of annual rainfall are vigorous, are easily got bumper crops.It needs to put up a shed in passion fruit cultivation Frame could obtain high yield, and general 1 ton or so of per mu yield, the period of growth of the crop is 8 to December.

Passion fruit have anti-inflammatory analgetic, promoting blood circulation, blood fat-reducing blood pressure-decreasing, enriching yin and nourishing kidney, refresh oneself sober up, dispelling fatigue, toxin expelling The manner health-care effect such as beauty treatment, strengthen immunity, the mechanism of action are as follows:1st, depth cleaning mechanism:Superfluorescent fiber can deep enough intestines The most subtle part of stomach is thoroughly discharged it, and can improve the bacterium in enteron aisle by harmful substance in its active gene absorber Group is formed, and plays the role of the screen-wall that stomach is protected not absorb harmful substance.Passion fruit can inhibit harmful microorganism gastral Growth, the two is combined has remarkable effect to the nutrient absorption function of excluding vivotoxin, whole intestines stomach invigorating, improvement body, to knot Enteritis, enterogastritis, hemorrhoid have special elimination to act on.2nd, toxin-expelling and face nourishing mechanism:Body is purified, harmful substance is avoided to sink in vivo Product, and then have the function that improve skin, beautification appearance.3rd, figure's mechanism is moulded:Edible passion fruit can increase stomach and satisfy abdomen Sense, reduces the intake of excess heat, can also adsorb cholesterol and bile etc organic molecule, inhibits absorption of the human body to fat. Therefore, long-term consumption is conducive to improve human nutrition absorbing structure, reduces body fat, shape healthy grace figure.4th, promote Metabolism:Superfluorescent fiber can promote to drain, relief of constipation symptom, remove the excitor substance for sticking and being trapped in enteron aisle, avoid stimulation intestines It road and is reabsorbed by human body, so as to reduce the illness rate of colon cancer, superfluorescent fiber also has antitumor activity.VC ginsengs in passion fruit With cholesterol metabolic, cholesterol can be reduced, purifies blood.In addition, the VC being rich in passion fruit, carrotene, SOD enzymes can be clear Except interior free yl, play face nourishing antidebilitation.

Passion fruit be with juice use based on fruit, ripening fruits contain more than 30% juice.Its fruit juice is bright in colour, natural colored Between lemon yellow and it is orange between, a variety of fruit tree in many tropical and subtropical countries such as strong fragrance collection guava, pineapple, mango, banana Fragrance has the laudatory title of fruit juice king, fruit syrup, ice cream, jam, jelly, fruit wine is may also be fabricated which by raw material of passion fruit in one Wait processed goods.

Ten seven kind amino acid of the passion fruit rich in needed by human body, multivitamin and carotenoids Queensland are plain and various micro Element, soluble solid 15-16%, total acid content 3.8-4%, sweet tea acid are moderate.Often feeding passion fruit and its processed goods, to human body Have it is aid digestion, can resolving sputum, control deficiency of the kidney, refresh the mind, promoting blood circulation, sedation-analgesia, decompression lipid-loweringing and other effects.

Retrieve the implantation methods below in relation to passion fruit:

Chinese patent, application number:201410254702.2;Applicant:Meng Liuning;Denomination of invention:The plantation of passion fruit Method;Abstract:The invention discloses a kind of implantation methods of passion fruit, include the following steps:Choose that the soil is porous is fertile, row Water is good, soil that is sunny, being erected with greenhouse, excavates field planting ditch, watering, and organic fertilizer plants passion fruit seedling, uses bamboo Pole sets up flat roof type frame, periodically waters, branch-finishing and pruning.The passion fruit yield planted using the present invention is higher.

Chinese patent, application number: 201410285178.5;Applicant:The beautiful ground of woods;Denomination of invention:Passion fruit plantation Method;Abstract:The invention discloses a kind of passion fruit plantation method, belong to fruit tree cultivation technical field, this method using Passion fruit and earthworm interplanting intercropping;Include:Selection of land, trench digging c, dig cave, set up passion fruit frame, plantation passion fruit sapling, The raising of earthworm, the step of doing daily nursing to passion fruit.The method of this passion fruit plantation can solve existing cultivation and support The problem of plantation technology is insufficient.

Chinese patent, application number: 201410294171.X;Applicant:Its service cooperation for agricultural machinery of granary curry favour;Invention Title:A kind of passion fruit method for culturing seedlings;Abstract:The invention discloses a kind of passion fruit method for culturing seedlings, including following operating procedure :The selection of seed selection:In fructescence, fruit is selected from maternal plant, and the seed in fruit is taken out;The arrangement in nursery: Sundries in nursery is cleaned out, soil is managed into furrow, and apply fertilizer on furrow, by Soil tillage after applying fertilizer 3-5 days;Kind The processing of son:Seed is impregnated 2-3 days, and purify outer covering of the seed colloid invading in bubble process to hand-launder with clear water, is rubbed with the hands It is 3-5 times to wash number;Land used hawk phoxim stirs seed in 30-50 minutes before sowing;Sowing:By what is handled well Seed is sprinkling upon on furrow;Build cool canopy:After planting, cool canopy is built on nursery.By the above-mentioned means, the present invention is capable of providing one Kind of passion fruit method for culturing seedlings, nursery, seed selection and etc. in carry out rational design and planning, be capable of providing a kind of educating for science Seedling-growing method enables passion fruit play a significant role in subsequent planting process, enables passion fruit high yield.

Chinese patent, application number: 201410368250.0;Applicant:Xie Songfen;Denomination of invention:A kind of passion fruit temperature Room cultural method;Abstract:The present invention provides a kind of passion fruit greenhouse cultivation method, including following measures:(1) seed selection plantation, (2) field planting maintenance, (3) fertilizing management, (4) artificial pollination, (5) fruit harvesting, (6) disease insect pest preventing and controlling.The present invention Greenhouse cultivation method is simple, easily operated popularization, scientific and reasonable fertilising and artificial supplementary pollination, required planting time is short, Yield is high, makes full use of organic fertilizer fertilizer, into finished product is low, small investment, is particularly suitable for production passion fruit greenhouse production and is used.

Chinese patent, application number:201410804239.4;Applicant:Guizhou platform peasants who dig gold's industry technological development Limited Liability Company;Denomination of invention;A kind of passion fruit implantation methods;Abstract:The present invention relates to agriculture forestry planting technical fields, especially one kind hundred Fragrant fruit implantation methods after carrying out immersion treatment to passion fruit seed, then are used bactericidal agent to carry out sterilization treatment, and will As scion after its vernalization, graft seedling growth processing is being carried out as stock using sapling of growing directly from seeds, so that the kind of passion fruit Planting seedling raising process becomes artificial control environmental condition, so that in continuous incubation, passion fruit generates one to environment A adaptation process, and then the passion fruit seedling that graft seedling growth obtains is subjected to plant processing again, and during plant to base into Row processing so that ponding is less, and moisture supply is appropriate, and then improves the survival rate of passion fruit, improves the yield of passion fruit, The planting cost of passion fruit is reduced, avoids and introduces a fine variety the temperature difference to influence caused by the quality and yield of passion fruit.

Organic passion fruit planting technology is a kind of fertilizer, pesticide, growth regulator for not using chemical synthesis in production, Genetic engineering and ionizing radiation technology are not used, but is followed the course of nature, and the method for farming, physics and biology is taken to train yet Fertile soil, prevention pest and disease damage, to obtain the system agricultural industry of the biology of safety and its product.It is given birth to by organic planting technology The passion fruit food of production meets pursuit of the contemporary people to nutrition, health, safety food, and the market space is wide.

Invention content

The object of the present invention is to provide the implantation methods of organic passion fruit, can not only be checked winds and fixed drifting sand with water-retaining effect, and It can solve the problem of that the serious permeability of soil hardening declines.The plantation of organic passion fruit can create objective economic benefit, be Peasant increases production extra earning, walks Sustainable Development Road and provides foundation.

The implantation methods of organic passion fruit of the present invention include the following steps:

(1)Select that rich in sugar, fruit is big, passion fruit kind of impoverishment tolerant, such as " the purple perfume No.1 " of TaiWan, China;

(2) addressing:Leeward level land on the sunny side is selected, there is the ground gone up, had a good transport service in good water source, soil layer thickness, fertility The planting base of Fang Zuowei passion fruits;

(3)Adjust soil pH:Between pH to the 7-7.5 that soil is adjusted with lime;

(4)Establish passion fruit garden base:Horizontal type frame is set up, trestle is 2-2.5 meters high, is established between strain and strain, plants Enter about 30 centimetres of underground, every column draws 2 anti-corrosion steel wires;Several fermentation vats are built in passion fruit base according to orchard area, hair Ferment pond length, width and height can be 200cm × 150cm × 100cm, and build liquid manure sprinkling irrigation webmaster;

(5)Field planting:It is cultivated using shed frame type, according to 2-4 meters of line-spacing, 2-3.5 meters of spacing in the rows, 70-75 plants/acre of specification powdery ridge is dug 60 centimetres wide, deep 60-80cm centimetres of field planting ditch, powdery ridge technology uses application number:201010125942.4 entitled " nonirrigated farmland The methods of cultivation of crop meal ridge cultivating method ";Field planting ditch after excavation inserts fermented compost, 200 kilograms of mu compost;It returns The raw-soil is backfilled again after filling out the mellow soil dug out;Late Febuary then plays the passion fruit seedling that pier plantation cultivates, by passion fruit nursery stock Root plantation on the sunny side, preferably to absorb sunlight, convenient for fertilizing and weeding, and makes the growth of passion fruit nursery stock in powdery ridge hole It is tilted to greenhouse;After field planting, to nursery stock trickle irrigation zymotic fluid;

(6)Branch-finishing and pruning:After seedling planting survives, axillary bud should be extractd at any time March, only stay the terminal bud of main stem, and will It is climing to tie up on pillar, plant is made to climb up frame as early as possible;When main stem is 50 centimetres high, sparse branching beta pruning is carried out, the branch of excessive growth is mainly wiped out, disturbs Random branch intersects branch;Main stem wipes out terminal bud when 1 meter high, it is allowed to grow lateral bine, stays 2 lateral bines per side, divides and grown to both sides;Every batch of After fruit harvesting, each lateral bine stays 3-4 sections to carry out cutting back, promotees it and grows lateral bine again, while annual summer must prune off and grow Close branch or by the branch for delaying ground that hangs down, about 20-30 centimeters are wiped out from the ground, to keep well-ventilated;In seedling Wooden growth stage, trickle irrigation zymotic fluid 3-4 times;

(7)Field management:Arid is met, nursery stock need to be irrigated in time, because soil is excessively dry, tendril and fruit can be influenced Real development, withered shape is presented in branch when serious, and simultaneously shedding phenomenon can occur for fruit agensis;During rainy season, timely draining is paid attention to;Disease Pest control, pest and disease damage are mainly cutworm and termite disease, and cutworm uses insecticide, and termite medicine is net using commercially available termite, For the bigger trunk of termite density, it is watered 500 times of dilution only with termite, is sprayed against termite or ant cave is excavated It sprays;Weeding is carried out using grass trimmer;

(8)Temperature controls:The temperature of greenhouse is controlled to ensure the preference temperature of passion fruit growth at 25-35 DEG C;

The temperature of control greenhouse is to being carried out at mist cooling in greenhouse when temperature is excessively high with water at 25-35 DEG C Reason.

(9)It yields positive results:Before yielding positive results, several bee box are placed in passion fruit base, ensure that pollination is normal and sits Fruit rate;Early April blooms, and Post flowering is in time using honeybee pollination, and foliage spray mist potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqua 2-3 times;April The middle ten days as a result, in fruit expanding period, trickle irrigation zymotic fluid 3-4 times;Fruit grows to and medium well can harvest.

Prepare fermentate:According to the weight ratio of following raw material:+ 1% micro yuan of+10% peanut press pulp of+44% pig manure of 45% chicken manure Element, wherein the weight ratio of the trace element formula is:+ 0.2% sucrose of zinc is complexed in+0.2% sucrose of 0.2% sucrose Complexing Iron + 0.2% sucrose of complex copper complexing magnesium+0.2% sucrose complexing manganese, gets above-mentioned raw materials ready, and add it to and hair is sealed in fermentation vat Ferment one month, obtains fermentate;Step(5)The compost is the solid portion of above-mentioned fermentate;Step(5)、(6)With(9) The weight ratio of the zymotic fluid is:The liquid portion of+20% above-mentioned fermentate of+3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate of+3% calcium magnesium phosphate of 3% urea Point+water complements to 100%.

Step(7)The insecticide raw material is:Milk of lime:China tree leaf extract:Left-handed α-terpinol:Bravo: The weight ratio of Radix Sophorae Flavescentis extractive liquid is 100 respectively:15: 2:5:2.The preparation method of China tree leaf extract is:Smash Folium Meliae, 1 Kilogram Folium Meliae adds 7 kg of water, heated at constant temperature to 60 DEG C of 3 h of immersion, filtering removal solid slag.The system of Radix Sophorae Flavescentis extractive liquid Preparation Method is identical with the preparation method of China tree leaf extract.Milk of lime is the clean milk of lime of wet weight content 40%.Hundred bacterium It is 75% Bravo, 800 times of liquid clearly.Left-handed α-terpinol is left-handed α-pine of Chemical Industry Inst., Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region's production Oleyl alcohol.

The preparation method of the sucrose Complexing Iron is:By sucrose and ferrous sulfate according to weight ratio 5:1 in 90-100 Reaction 1-1.5 hours is stirred continuously at DEG C, finally plus alkali is adjusted after pH is crushed for neutral drying and packed.Sucrose is complexed Zinc, sucrose complex copper, sucrose complexing magnesium and sucrose complexing manganese are also using same preparation method.

Step(9)The application method of the potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqua is:Every 100 kg of water adds 100-300 grams of di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen potassium.

Compared with prior art, the positive effect of the present invention is:

1st, the rich in sugar, fruit of present invention selection is big, passion fruit kind of impoverishment tolerant, as TaiWan, China " purple perfume No.1 " simultaneously And success is planted experimentally, fertilising and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control are filled all using organic fertilizer and low toxicity control method between the passion fruit pulp of production Full yellow fruit juice, bright in colour, yield is high, pollution-free, 1 year 5 season of harvest.And the plantation of organic passion fruit is successfully local agriculture The extra earning at family creates theoretical and practical foundation, significant to improving local soil environment and social environment.

2nd, implantation methods of the present invention are using fertilizer skills such as state-of-the-art powdery ridge technology and compost, zymotic fluid and potassium dihydrogen phosphates Art is not only effectively improved the soil property environment of passion fruit growth so that soil with organic matter content greatly increases, and ensures passion fruit life Long required nutrition.

3rd, the leeward level land on the sunny side of present invention selection, there is that good water source, soil layer be thick, the upper, ground that has a good transport service in fertility The planting base of Fang Zuowei passion fruits;Ensure that the growth of passion fruit has a good environment, and by the root plantation of nursery stock in Furrow by sun, so that root preferably absorbs sunlight, is also convenient for fertilizing and weeding.

4th, conventional fertilizers(Such as chemical fertilizer, farm manure)Easily by rainwater leaching loss, easily main ingredient is made to volatilize by illumination, easily quilt Soil fixing, effective rate of utilization is only in 27-33% or so, and the passion fruit of present invention trickle irrigation zymotic fluid during plantation, It just can rapidly be absorbed, and time saving and energy saving by plant after spraying two hours, be a kind of efficient quick fertilizer.In the growth of nursery stock It is phase, of the invention that potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqua is also imposed in time to passion fruit wood, participate in the photosynthesis of plant life process, sugar and shallow lake The utilization of powder and the transmittance process of energy.

5th, fermentation raw material of the invention is using the micro- weight ratio of+44%+10% peanut press pulp of pig manure of 45% chicken manure+1% Prepared by example, wherein the weight ratio of the trace element materials is:Zinc+0.2% is complexed in+0.2% sucrose of 0.2% sucrose Complexing Iron + 0.2% sucrose of sucrose complex copper complexing magnesium+0.2% sucrose complexing manganese, the micro- stable structure of sucrose complexing are easy to by plant Root system is absorbed and is utilized, and the lasting period is long, also meets the demand of passion fruit growth period each element.

6th, for present invention prevention cutworm using plant insecticide, the insecticide ingredient is nontoxic, and noresidue is nuisanceless, raw Production method is simple, at low cost, easy to use.

Description of the drawings

The growth structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1 passion fruit nursery stocks

Title and serial number in figure:

Passion fruit nursery stock 1, pillar 2, greenhouse 3.

Specific embodiment

The implantation methods of the organic passion fruit of the present invention include the following steps:

(1)Select kind:Select that rich in sugar, fruit is big, passion fruit kind of impoverishment tolerant, such as " the purple perfume one of TaiWan, China Number " as plantation passion fruit kind;It is planted on 10 mu of level land;

" purple perfume No.1 " passion fruit is to improve the breed, and fruit is berry, avette, vertical diameter 5-7cm, transverse diameter 4-6cm, and young fruit is green Color, mellow fruit purple, single fruit weight 60-120g, shell is tough and tensile, pulp yellow, and internal seeds are in black, 60~100 pieces average/ Fruit.Pericarp keratin is tough and tensile, smooth.Full of yellow fruit juice between pulp, like raw egg yolk.

(2) addressing:Leeward level land on the sunny side is selected, there is the ground gone up, had a good transport service in good water source, soil layer thickness, fertility The planting base of Fang Zuowei passion fruits;

(3)Adjust soil pH:Between pH to the 7-7.5 that soil is adjusted with lime;

(4)Establish passion fruit garden base:Horizontal type frame is set up, trestle is 2-2.5 meters high, is established between strain and strain, plants Enter about 30 centimetres of underground, every column draws 2 anti-corrosion steel wires;Several fermentation vats are built in passion fruit base according to orchard area, hair The ferment pond a height of 200cm × 150cm of length and width × 100cm, and build liquid manure sprinkling irrigation webmaster;

(5)Field planting:It is cultivated using shed frame type, according to 2-4 meters of line-spacing, 2-3.5 meters of spacing in the rows, 70-75 plants/acre of specification powdery ridge is dug 60 centimetres wide, deep 60-80cm centimetres of field planting ditch, powdery ridge technology uses application number:201010125942.4 entitled " nonirrigated farmland The methods of cultivation of crop meal ridge cultivating method ";Field planting ditch after excavation inserts fermented compost, 200 kilograms of mu compost;It returns The raw-soil is backfilled again after filling out the mellow soil dug out;Late Febuary then plays the passion fruit seedling that pier plantation cultivates, by passion fruit nursery stock Root plantation on the sunny side, preferably to absorb sunlight, convenient for fertilizing and weeding, and makes the growth of passion fruit nursery stock in powdery ridge hole It is tilted to greenhouse;After field planting, to nursery stock trickle irrigation zymotic fluid;

(6)Branch-finishing and pruning:After seedling planting survives, axillary bud should be extractd at any time March, only stay the terminal bud of main stem, and will It is climing to tie up on pillar, plant is made to climb up frame as early as possible;When main stem is 50 centimetres high, sparse branching beta pruning is carried out, the branch of excessive growth is mainly wiped out, disturbs Random branch intersects branch;Main stem wipes out terminal bud when 1 meter high, it is allowed to grow lateral bine, stays 2 lateral bines per side, divides and grown to both sides;Every batch of After fruit harvesting, each lateral bine stays 3-4 sections to carry out cutting back, promotees it and grows lateral bine again, while annual summer must prune off and grow Close branch or by the branch for delaying ground that hangs down, about 20-30 centimeters are wiped out from the ground, to keep well-ventilated;In seedling Wooden growth stage, trickle irrigation zymotic fluid 3-4 times;

(7)Field management:Arid is met, nursery stock need to be irrigated in time, because soil is excessively dry, tendril and fruit can be influenced Real development, withered shape is presented in branch when serious, and simultaneously shedding phenomenon can occur for fruit agensis;During rainy season, timely draining is paid attention to;Disease Pest control, pest and disease damage are mainly cutworm and termite disease, and cutworm uses insecticide, and termite medicine is net using commercially available termite, For the bigger trunk of termite density, it is watered 500 times of dilution only with termite, is sprayed against termite or ant cave is excavated It sprays;Weeding is carried out using grass trimmer;

(8)Temperature controls:The temperature of greenhouse is controlled to ensure the preference temperature of passion fruit growth at 25-35 DEG C;When temperature is high It is sprayed using spray water.The surrounding of greenhouse is covered when temperature is low

(9)It yields positive results:Before yielding positive results, several bee box are placed in passion fruit base, ensure that pollination is normal and sits Fruit rate;Early April blooms, and Post flowering is in time using honeybee pollination, and foliage spray mist potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqua 2-3 times;April The middle ten days as a result, in fruit expanding period, trickle irrigation zymotic fluid 3-4 times;Fruit grows to and medium well can harvest.

Prepare fermentate:According to the weight ratio of following raw material:+ 1% micro yuan of+10% peanut press pulp of+44% pig manure of 45% chicken manure Element, wherein the weight ratio of the trace element formula is:+ 0.2% sucrose of zinc is complexed in+0.2% sucrose of 0.2% sucrose Complexing Iron + 0.2% sucrose of complex copper complexing magnesium+0.2% sucrose complexing manganese, gets above-mentioned raw materials ready, and add it to and hair is sealed in fermentation vat Ferment one month, obtains fermentate;Step(5)The compost is the solid portion of above-mentioned fermentate;Step(5)、(6)With(9) The weight ratio of the zymotic fluid is:The liquid portion of+20% above-mentioned fermentate of+3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate of+3% calcium magnesium phosphate of 3% urea Point+water complements to 100%.

The preparation method of above-mentioned sucrose Complexing Iron is:By sucrose and ferrous sulfate according to weight ratio 5:1 in 90-100 Reaction 1-1.5 hours is stirred continuously at DEG C, finally plus alkali is adjusted after pH is crushed for neutral drying and packed.Sucrose is complexed Zinc, sucrose complex copper, sucrose complexing magnesium and sucrose complexing manganese are also using same preparation method.

Step(7)The insecticide raw material is:Milk of lime:China tree leaf extract:Left-handed α-terpinol:Bravo: The weight ratio of Radix Sophorae Flavescentis extractive liquid is 100 respectively:15: 2:5:2.The preparation method of China tree leaf extract is:Smash Folium Meliae, 1 Kilogram Folium Meliae adds 7 kg of water, heated at constant temperature to 60 DEG C of 3 h of immersion, filtering removal solid slag.The system of Radix Sophorae Flavescentis extractive liquid Preparation Method is identical with the preparation method of China tree leaf extract.Milk of lime is the clean milk of lime of wet weight content 40%.Hundred bacterium It is 75% Bravo, 800 times of liquid clearly.Left-handed α-terpinol is left-handed α-pine of Chemical Industry Inst., Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region's production Oleyl alcohol.

Step(9)The application method of the potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqua is:Every 100 kg of water adds 100-300 grams of di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen potassium.

Pass through above-mentioned technical proposal shows that quality is good, production in " purple perfume No.1 " that the TaiWan, China that level land is cultivated is introduced a fine variety Amount is up to the advantages of 2 ton/mu.

Inventor passes through the cultivation of 3 years, it is found that " purple perfume No.1 " Performance of cultivar has gone out preferable growth characteristics, illustrate flat Under the conditions of ground, the cultivation of passion fruit can be completed using this technology, it will be apparent that improve local environment and economic benefit.

Claims (1)

1. the implantation methods of organic passion fruit, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
(1)Select that rich in sugar, fruit is big, passion fruit kind of impoverishment tolerant;
(2) addressing:Leeward level land on the sunny side is selected, has place that is upper, having a good transport service in good water source, soil layer thickness, fertility to make
Planting base for passion fruit;
(3)Adjust soil pH:Between pH to the 7-7.5 that soil is adjusted with lime;
(4)Establish passion fruit garden base:Horizontal type frame is set up, trestle is 2-2.5 meters high, is established between strain and strain, implantation Ground
Lower about 30 centimetres, every column draws 2 anti-corrosion steel wires;Several fermentation vats are built in passion fruit base according to orchard area, and Build liquid manure sprinkling irrigation webmaster;
(5)Field planting:It is cultivated using shed frame type, according to 2-4 meters of line-spacing, 2-3.5 meters of spacing in the rows, 70-75 plants/acre of specification powdery ridge Dig 60 centimetres wide, deep 60-80cm centimetres of field planting ditch;Field planting ditch after excavation inserts fermented compost, and mu compost 200 is public Jin;The raw-soil is backfilled again after backfilling the mellow soil dug out;2 month last ten-days period then played the passion fruit seedling that pier plantation cultivates, by passion fruit The root plantation of nursery stock on the sunny side, and makes the growth of passion fruit nursery stock be tilted to greenhouse in powdery ridge hole;After field planting, nursery stock is dripped Fill zymotic fluid;
(6)Branch-finishing and pruning:After seedling planting survives, axillary bud should be extractd at any time March, only stay the terminal bud of main stem, and will be climing
It ties up on pillar, plant is made to climb up frame as early as possible;When main stem is 50 centimetres high, sparse branching beta pruning is carried out, mainly wipes out excessive growth Branch upsets branch, intersects branch;Main stem wipes out terminal bud when 1 meter high, it is allowed to grow lateral bine, stays 2 lateral bines per side, divides to both sides Growth;After the harvesting of every batch of fruit, each lateral bine stays 3-4 sections to carry out cutting backs, while annual summer, must to prune growth off overstocked Branch or by hang down delay ground branch, from the ground about 20-30 centimeters wipe out;In the nursery stock growth stage, trickle irrigation hair Zymotic fluid 3-4 times;
(7)Field management:Arid is met, nursery stock need to be irrigated in time;During rainy season, timely draining is paid attention to;The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, disease Insect pest is mainly cutworm and termite disease, and cutworm uses insecticide, and termite medicine is net using commercially available termite, for termite density Bigger trunk is watered 500 times of dilution with termite only, is sprayed against termite or ant cave is excavated and sprayed; Weeding is carried out using grass trimmer;
(8)Temperature controls:The temperature of greenhouse is controlled to ensure the preference temperature of passion fruit growth at 25-35 DEG C;
(9)It yields positive results:Before yielding positive results, several bee box are placed in passion fruit base, ensure normal and fruit-setting rate of pollinating;
Early April blooms, and Post flowering is in time using honeybee pollination, and foliage spray mist potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqua 2-3 times;April The middle ten days as a result, in fruit expanding period, trickle irrigation zymotic fluid 3-4 times;Fruit grows to and medium well can harvest;
The implantation methods of organic passion fruit, step(5)It is weight ratio according to following raw material that the compost, which is,: + 1% trace element of+44%+10% peanut press pulp of pig manure of 45% chicken manure, is sealed by fermentation a month obtained hair in fermentation vat The solid portion of ferment object;Step(5)、(6)With(9)The weight ratio of the zymotic fluid is:+ 3% calcium magnesium phosphate of 3% urea+ Liquid portion+water of+20% above-mentioned fermentate of 3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate complements to 100%;The trace element materials and weight Ratio is as follows:+ 0.2% sucrose complexing magnesium of+0.2% sucrose complex copper of+0.2% sucrose of 0.2% sucrose Complexing Iron complexing zinc+ Manganese is complexed in 0.2% sucrose;
The implantation methods of organic passion fruit, step(7)The insecticide raw material is:Milk of lime:China tree leaf extract: Left-handed α-terpinol:Bravo:The weight ratio of Radix Sophorae Flavescentis extractive liquid is 100 respectively:15: 2:5:2 ;China tree leaf extract Preparation method be:Folium Meliae is smashed, 1 kilogram of Folium Meliae adds 7 kg of water, heated at constant temperature to 60 DEG C of 3 h of immersion, filtering Remove solid slag;The preparation method of Radix Sophorae Flavescentis extractive liquid is identical with the preparation method of China tree leaf extract;Milk of lime be containing The clean milk of lime of water weight content 40%;Bravo is 75% Bravo, 800 times of liquid;Left-handed α-terpinol is Guangxi Zhuang Left-handed α-terpinol of chemical research institute of autonomous region of race production;
The implantation methods of organic passion fruit, step(8)The temperature of the control greenhouse is to work as temperature at 25-35 DEG C With water to carrying out mist cooling processing in greenhouse when excessively high;Step(9)The application method of the potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqua It is:Every 100 kg of water adds 100-300 grams of potassium dihydrogen phosphate.
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