CN105494065A - Method for carrying out cutting seedling by Rosa multiflora Thunb seedling clods - Google Patents

Method for carrying out cutting seedling by Rosa multiflora Thunb seedling clods Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105494065A
CN105494065A CN201511023170.2A CN201511023170A CN105494065A CN 105494065 A CN105494065 A CN 105494065A CN 201511023170 A CN201511023170 A CN 201511023170A CN 105494065 A CN105494065 A CN 105494065A
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China
Prior art keywords
seedling
rose
cuttage
cutting
clods
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Pending
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CN201511023170.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张宏志
李炎林
朱杰辉
解检清
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Hunan Agricultural University
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Hunan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201511023170.2A priority Critical patent/CN105494065A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0231Tunnels, i.e. protective full coverings for rows of plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/50Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor contained within a flexible envelope

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for carrying out cutting seedling by Rosa multiflora Thunb seedling clods. The method mainly comprises: (1) cutting preparation, i.e., selecting 5 to 10cm of underyearling semi-lignified branches of Rosa multiflora Thunb; (2) preparation of the cutting seedling clods, i.e., shearing thin non-woven fabrics to coat fresh coconut dust powder so as to form the cylindrical seedling clods with diameters of 3cm and heights of 4cm; (3) cutting, i.e., removing leaves from the sheared branches and inserting the branches into the seedling clods; (4) coverage of thin fine river sand; (5) watering; (6) film mulching, wherein rooting occurs about 30 to 40 days after film mulching. The method disclosed by the invention is simple and easy to operate, is hormone treatment-free, is short in rooting time, is suitable for large-scale Rosa multiflora Thunb industrial breeding, and has broad-spectrum adaptability.

Description

A kind of method of rose seedling growing block cuttage and seedling culture
Technical field
The invention belongs to the cuttage and seedling culture propagation technique field of rose, be specifically related to a kind of method of rose seedling growing block cuttage and seedling culture.
Background technology
Rose (RosamultifloraThunb.) is that the rose family (Rosaceae) Rosa (RosaL.) is fallen leaves Climbing Plant (Chinese Plants will, 1985.), its look, fragrant, shape is all good, have stronger drought-enduring, cold-resistant and barren-resistant characteristic, it is Growth anddevelopment in the modern times, poly-flower Chinese rose, one of important parent of Rosa floribunda and strong flower Chinese rose, also be one of important ancestors of modern distance education system, Hua Duo, the climing property of branch, also be one of main source of modern Liana rosa indica simultaneously, have high ornamental value and Landscape Application potentiality (Liu Jianming. the fast breeding technique research of the multiple rose-red rose of lobe. Shandong Agricultural University Master's thesis .2010.), as seen flower, see fruit, make hedgerow, flower hedge and vertical greening material, make the use such as bonsai and graft stock.
Rose adopts the methods such as sowing, grafting, cuttage, group training, water planting, press strip and division propagation to breed usually.Rosa seed has the characteristic (Xu Benmei forcing dormancy and the dormancy of embryo Sexual Physiology usually because of the impermeability of kind of shell or the after-ripening reason of embryo, Deng. the sprouting of Seeds of Rosa Spp and the research of dormancy. seed .1993,01:56.) Wild Rosa multiflora seed is difficult to sprout in time under field conditions (factors), and the higher (Tang Qihe of the empty flat rate of Wild Rosa multiflora seed, Deng. Wild Rosa multiflora Germplasm Resource in Shandong Province is studied. Agriculture of Anhui science, 2007,9:2587,2592).Therefore sow prolific possibility with Wild Rosa multiflora less, and seed propagation is by seed source and the quantity of propagating materials and the restriction in season, and the seed propagation cycle is long, defects such as progeny variation frequency height and can not meet the demand of market to nursery stock.Cottage propagation is one of method that in conventional genderless propagation method, application prospect is the widest, have simple, reproduction speed soon, higher by species restriction, reproduction coefficient and low cost and other advantages.Wei county remaining with the urine process rose cutting of becoming thoroughly decomposed obtain good cutting experiment (probe into different urine process and .2009 affected on Chinese rose and rose cuttage root-taking, 26 (1): 41 ?44; ).The special efficacy root-inducing powder (ABT) of 400mg/L processes the rose branch 1min of locality, Handan, cutting survival reach 85% (Yin state, etc. rose Technique on Cuttage Propagation in summer is studied. Agriculture of Anhui science, 2015,43 (2): 57,93).By the ancient Chinese rose Chinese rose of more different cuttage China in period, Li Jinyue etc. find that the cutting plantation in spring is the highest, the cuttage position of branch with middle part and bottom branch better (Li Jinyue and Chen Zhiyi. ancient Chinese rose Chinese rose Technique on Cuttage Propagation research is modern. agricultural science and technology, 2014,15:168 ?169).Rose cutting is that 10 ~ 15cm is long, the easier cutting survival of branch of band 2 ~ 4 axillalry buds; The rose cuttage rooting rate of life in 1 year can reach 80%; During paving unregistered land film, rupture of membranes is conducive to the cuttage root-taking of rose; The impact of root-inducing powder on its cuttage root-taking is not obvious; Rainwater sufficient cuttage in 5 ~ August rose be more conducive to survival rate raising (Qi Shuwei studies etc. powder ball rose cuttage rootage factors. Chinese horticulture digest, 2011,6:6 ?7).Application publication number CN104170642A Chinese invention patent " a kind of rose cuttage seedling raising method ", described comprise using 2 ?4:1 ?the shredded coconut meat of 3:3, perlite and river sand mixture carry out cuttage rose as matrix, again matrix is plugged cutting as in nutritive cube, seedling-cultivating tray or seedbed, note moisturizing management; The weak point of this invention needs the humidity in artificial control cuttage seedbed to be between 60 ?70%, the trouble compared.
As can be seen here, rose cottage propagation is one of important way realizing its extensive nursery production, the processing method of cutting in different types of rose cottage propagation, the kind of use hormone and concentration, cutting medium and Cutting conditions etc. are not quite similar, and the cuttage root-taking of variety classes and different cultivars exists significant difference.So far, also do not have a kind of quick, easy and be used in the report of rose cottage propagation without the method for the pre-treatment cuttings such as hormone.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of quick, easy and be applicable to the method for rose cottage propagation, the method cuttage seeding survival rate and rooting rate high, lay the first stone for realizing rose factorial seedling growth.
The object of the invention is to realize by the following method.
A method for rose seedling growing block cuttage and seedling culture, comprises the following steps:
(1) preparation of cuttings: choose rose then raw semi-lignified branch 5 ?10 centimetres, remove the blade of cutting;
(2) preparation of cuttage and seedling culture block: the thin non-woven wraps of clip fresh coconut palm chaff powder becomes diameter to be 3 centimetres, height is the columniform seedling growing block of 4 centimetres;
(3) cuttage: by ready cylindrical seedling growing block in the cutting inserting step (2) of preparation in step (1), the cutting degree of depth is 1/3 of cutting length;
(4) cover thin sand: neat for seedling growing block is put into seedling-cultivating tray or neat being positioned on seedbed, then fill space and the top layer of seedling growing block with thin river sand;
(5) water; After completing steps (4), after being well placed of Unified Global, unification is watered permeable again;
(6) overlay film: after completing steps (5), put up Small plastic shed, the width of Small plastic shed is 1 ?1.5 meters, is highly 0.4 ?, 0.8 meter of sagitta, and overlay film, 30 ?40 days are taken root.Cultivation temperature 15 ?between 30 DEG C.
The thickness covering thin sand in step (4) be 0.5 ?1cm.
The present invention has the following advantages: (1) this cottage method goes for current most rose kind and comprises the banksia rose, tame rose and multiflora rose type, has the adaptability of relative wide spectrum; (2) the method cuttage cost is lower, and the cuttage material used is only thin non-woven fabrics, coconut palm chaff powder and film, river sand etc., and Market Orientation is high, and it is convenient to buy; (3) adopt thin non-woven wraps fresh coconut palm chaff powder to form seedling growing block, effectively can protect the system of fibrous root that rose class is newly formed, cuttage seeding can be transplanted anywhere or anytime, and root system is harmless transplants, and survival rate is high; (4) compared with existing rose Technique on Cuttage Propagation, the process that the present invention is directed to rose cottage propagation is relatively simple, fast, without the need to the hormone of complexity and the selection of culture matrix proportioning and process, also without the need to the restriction of other many condition of culture, large batch of cottage propagation is applicable to; Be intended to shirtsleeve operation, extremely low cost reaches high cutting plantation and survival rate; (5) by the mode of operation of the thin sand+film of thin non-woven wraps coconut palm chaff powder of the present invention+cover, rose cuttage survival rate can reach more than 99.99%.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the process adopting the inventive method cuttage azalea,
Wherein A covers for utilizing thin non-woven wraps fresh coconut palm chaff powder seedling growing block rose cuttage fine sand;
B is that thin non-woven wraps fresh coconut palm chaff powder seedling growing block is in conjunction with seedling-cultivating tray cuttage rose;
C is rose ' seven sisters ' cuttage 10 days;
D is rose ' lotus rose ' cuttage 10 days;
E is that rose ' seven sisters ' cuttage is taken root after 30 days situation;
Embodiment:
Following examples are intended to further illustrate the present invention, and can not limit the present invention.
Cutting medium kind comparative trial of the present invention
Embodiment 1
(1) preparation of cuttings: choose the semi-lignified branch that rose ' seven sisters ' is raw then, cutting is cut into 5 ?10 centimetres, remove the blade of cutting;
(2) preparation of cuttage and seedling culture block: the thin non-woven wraps of clip fresh coconut palm chaff powder becomes diameter to be the columniform seedling growing block that 3 cm x 4 centimetres is high;
(3) cuttage: by ready seedling growing block in the cutting inserting step (2) of preparation in step (1), the cutting degree of depth is about 1/3 of cutting length;
(4) cover thin sand: neat for seedling growing block is put into seedling-cultivating tray or neat being positioned on seedbed, then fill space and top layer with thin river sand, thickness is 0.8cm;
(5) water: after completing steps (4), after being well placed of Unified Global, unification is watered permeable, until surface, seedbed no longer rapid infiltrated again;
(6) overlay film: after completing steps (5), put up Small plastic shed with bamboo chip, the width of Small plastic shed be 1 ?1.5 meters, be highly 0.4 ?0.8 meter of sagitta, overlay film, 25 DEG C of cultivations, about 30 ?after about 40 days, rose takes root, thus forms complete plant.
(7) transplant: transplant after taking root 40 days, survival rate can reach 100%.
Embodiment 2
The semi-lignified branch that rose ' lotus rose ' is raw is then chosen in the present embodiment; All the other implementation step techniques are with embodiment 1.

Claims (2)

1. a method for rose seedling growing block cuttage and seedling culture, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) preparation of cuttings: choose rose then raw semi-lignified branch 5 ?10 centimetres, remove the blade of cutting bottom;
(2) preparation of cuttage and seedling culture block: the thin non-woven wraps of clip fresh coconut palm chaff powder becomes diameter to be 3 centimetres, height is the columniform seedling growing block of 4 centimetres;
(3) cuttage: by ready cylindrical seedling growing block in the cutting inserting step (2) of preparation in step (1), the cutting degree of depth is 1/3 of cutting length;
(4) cover thin sand: neat for seedling growing block is put into seedling-cultivating tray or neat being positioned on seedbed, then fill space and the top layer of seedling growing block with thin river sand;
(5) water; After completing steps (4), after being well placed of Unified Global, unification irrigates moisture again;
(6) overlay film: after completing steps (5), put up Small plastic shed, the width of Small plastic shed is 1 ?1.5 meters, is highly 0.4 ?, 0.8 meter of sagitta, and overlay film, 30 ?40 days are taken root, and cultivation temperature is between 15 ?30 DEG C.
2. the method for rose seedling growing block cuttage and seedling culture according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the thickness covering thin sand in step (4) be 0.5 ?1cm.
CN201511023170.2A 2015-12-30 2015-12-30 Method for carrying out cutting seedling by Rosa multiflora Thunb seedling clods Pending CN105494065A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106613645A (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-05-10 海南师范大学 Seedling raising method and sprout conservation method for lumnitzeralittorea
CN106856923A (en) * 2017-02-14 2017-06-20 邵阳学院 The fast breeding method of powder ball rose
CN107094474A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-08-29 蚌埠市金牛湾农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of fast seedling-cultivating method of rose
CN108605536A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-10-02 中国科学院武汉植物园 The side illumination cottage method of Vanilla plant rose valve vanilla
CN109496573A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-03-22 福建农林大学 A kind of method of Pearl color osmanthus softwood cutting propagation
CN109566126A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-05 福建农林大学 A kind of method of Pearl color osmanthus tissue culture outside sprout-cultivating-bottle radication

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CN104541887A (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-04-29 云南云秀花卉有限公司 Film-covered Chinese rose single bud cutting propagation method
CN104904481A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-16 房子云 Cutting seedling-culturing method for France Grasse roses

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106613645A (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-05-10 海南师范大学 Seedling raising method and sprout conservation method for lumnitzeralittorea
CN106613645B (en) * 2016-11-21 2019-08-06 海南师范大学 Red olive Lee method for culturing seedlings and red olive Lee seedling maintenance process
CN106856923A (en) * 2017-02-14 2017-06-20 邵阳学院 The fast breeding method of powder ball rose
CN106856923B (en) * 2017-02-14 2019-12-31 邵阳学院 Method for quickly cultivating rosa fargesii
CN107094474A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-08-29 蚌埠市金牛湾农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of fast seedling-cultivating method of rose
CN108605536A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-10-02 中国科学院武汉植物园 The side illumination cottage method of Vanilla plant rose valve vanilla
CN108605536B (en) * 2018-04-11 2020-06-30 中国科学院武汉植物园 Lateral illumination cuttage method for vanilla rosewood of vanilla
CN109496573A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-03-22 福建农林大学 A kind of method of Pearl color osmanthus softwood cutting propagation
CN109566126A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-05 福建农林大学 A kind of method of Pearl color osmanthus tissue culture outside sprout-cultivating-bottle radication

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