CN104855080A - Cultivation method of colored peppers in northern regions of Anhui Province, China - Google Patents

Cultivation method of colored peppers in northern regions of Anhui Province, China Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104855080A
CN104855080A CN201510191961.XA CN201510191961A CN104855080A CN 104855080 A CN104855080 A CN 104855080A CN 201510191961 A CN201510191961 A CN 201510191961A CN 104855080 A CN104855080 A CN 104855080A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
temperature
seed
strain
planting
green pepper
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510191961.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王和绥
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN201510191961.XA priority Critical patent/CN104855080A/en
Publication of CN104855080A publication Critical patent/CN104855080A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a cultivation method of colored peppers in northern regions of Anhui Province, China and relates to the technical field of pepper cultivation and planting. The cultivation method is characterized by comprising the steps of cultivation of disease-free strong seedlings, soil preparation and fertilization, field planting, and field management. The cultivation method is reasonable, convenient to implement, and easy and rapid to operate.

Description

The cultivation method of a kind of Northern Anhui area Colored Pepper
Technical field:
The present invention relates to pepper cultivation planting technology field, be specifically related to the cultivation method of a kind of Northern Anhui area Colored Pepper.
Background technology:
Colored bell pepper is a kind of vegetables of thermophily, has different requirements at different developmental stages to temperature.The germination preference temperature of pimento seed is 25-30 DEG C, when about 25 DEG C, germinates and needs 4-5 days, and germinateing when 15 DEG C needs 10-15 days, germination needs more than 20 days when 12 DEG C, and stop germinateing below 10 DEG C, less than 5 DEG C by freeze injury.After coming up, give higher temperature and cotyledon can be made loose, to nascent true leaf growth and flower bud differentiation favourable.Seedling stage, nocturnal temperature was advisable with 15-20 DEG C, and temperature is low, and Assimilate output is few, poor growth.Flower bud differentiation is temperature required is approximately 20 DEG C, generally completes in 10-15 days, and temperature will be suppressed lower than flower bud differentiation when 15 DEG C.Yield positive results the initial stage, optimum temperature daytime is 20-25 DEG C, and night is 16-20 DEG C, and temperature is lower than 15 DEG C, and impact is normally yielded positive results, and causes fallen flowers, shedding.The full bearing period, optimum temperature was 25-28 DEG C, when temperature is lower than 10 DEG C, can not bloom, even the young fruit sat also is not easy hypertrophy, and also easily lopsided; Colored bell pepper, except not low temperature resistant, is also afraid of sweltering heat, and when temperature is higher than more than 35 DEG C, pollen metamorphosis is infertile, can not be fertilized and fallen flowers, so during the broiling summer, ground temperature is too high, unfavorable to root system development, time serious, root system Necrosis, also easily brings out virus disease.Colored bell pepper colour-change period optimum temperature is 25-30 DEG C, so in cold season, the fruit of colored bell pepper is many because temperature is low, and Lycopene or other pigments can not be formed very soon, and annesl is slower.In the whole process of growth of colored bell pepper, range of temperature is 12-35 DEG C.Will adopt various measures lower than 12 DEG C and carry out heating, being incubated, and higher than 35 DEG C, corresponding measure also will be taked to carry out sunshade or water water for cooling.As a whole, colored bell pepper is relatively wider to the accommodation of temperature, compares the low temperature and high temperature that can restrain oneself to a certain degree.When control temperature, two more crucial periods are: Seedling Stage and flower bud differentiation period.So, colored bell pepper nursery and bear fruit the phase time, strictly must carry out temperature treatment, can ensure fruit color and fruit type good-looking, obtain high yield and Peak output.
Summary of the invention:
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is that overcoming existing technological deficiency provides the cultivation method that a kind of method is reasonable, implement the regional Colored Pepper of a kind of Northern Anhui that is convenient, simple operation.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention adopts following technical scheme to realize:
A cultivation method for Northern Anhui area Colored Pepper, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps,
Step one, cultivate anosis strong sprout:
1. seed treatment: seed is put into 60-65 DEG C of hot water, constant temperature seed soaking 12-18 minute, constantly stirs, water temperature after 20 minutes of soaking seed is down to 23-27 DEG C, then rinses well with clear water, then uses Seed soaking 12 hours, be placed in vernalization under 25 DEG C of environment, sow after showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
2. nursery bed disinfection: every square metre of seedbed adds appropriate thin moisture soil with 50% carbendazim 10g and puddles evenly and spread fertilizer over the fields;
3. feeding block seedlings raising, after planting grasps temperature: daytime, night 18 DEG C, ground temperature 17-22 DEG C, reduced 2-5 DEG C after neat seedling at 20 DEG C;
4. strong sprout standard: plant height 18-20cm, 8-12 sheet leaf, blade is plump, and petiole is sturdy, dark green leaf color, and root system development is good;
Step 2, site preparation and fertilization: choose the plot plantation of not planting solanaceous vegetables year, meticulous mu executes the expanded chicken manure of decomposed manure 3000kg or 1000kg wholely as far as possible, and deep ploughing 25cm, does the little high furrow of growth 6-8m, wide 1m, 25cm above ground level;
Step 3, field planting: select calm fine day field planting, every furrow field planting 1 row, spacing in the rows 30-40cm, mu plantation density 1800-2500 strain, waters after field planting in time, and covering with plastic film;
Step 4, field management:
I topdresses: spreaded manuer in holes every 15 days after occupying stably fruit an active organic fertilizer or expanded chicken manure, and mu executes 100kg, within 10 days, sprays foliage fertilizer, adopts 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate to add 0.2% urea; Carbon dioxide fertilization, adopts after bearing fruit and manually enriches CO 2to strengthen plant photosynthetic capacity, after the fine day sun out one hour, mu carbonic hydroammonium 3.5kg adds 70% solid sulphuric acid 3kg, then adds clear water 4kg, promotes canopy room CO 2concentration, vexed canopy leaked informaton at the mouth that blows in after 2 hours;
II temperature light regulate: daytime remains on 25-30 DEG C, night 13-18 DEG C, noon in summer, ceiling added a cover sunshade net temperature-reducing and light-tight;
III prunes and hangs strain: often select good strains in the field for seed and stay 2-3 bar major branch, and the base portion bud of door green pepper and 2-4 joint is dredged as early as possible and gone, from 4-5 joint, stay green pepper, based on major branch knot green pepper, remove other side shoots and branch early, the pinching after staying 1 green pepper of middle part side shoot, every strain has remained that 2-3 branch upwards grows; Fix plant for control lodging adopts plastic ties to hang strain, do not have individual major branch fixing with a rope, the time of infertility, plant can reach more than 2m, every strain knot green pepper 18-23.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: very clear of above-mentioned step statement, time staff is by referring to above-mentioned steps work, be not easy to occur large error and error, can increase work efficiency, and there is clear and definite description for temperature, time, medicament, fertilizer etc., work together so more convenient, simple.The inventive method is reasonable, enforcement is convenient, simple operation.
Embodiment:
The technological means realized to make the present invention, creation characteristic, reaching object and effect is easy to understand, setting forth the present invention further below.
A cultivation method for Northern Anhui area Colored Pepper, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps,
Step one, cultivate anosis strong sprout:
1. seed treatment: seed is put into 60-65 DEG C of hot water, constant temperature seed soaking 12-18 minute, constantly stirs, water temperature after 20 minutes of soaking seed is down to 23-27 DEG C, then rinses well with clear water, then uses Seed soaking 12 hours, be placed in vernalization under 25 DEG C of environment, sow after showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
2. nursery bed disinfection: every square metre of seedbed adds appropriate thin moisture soil with 50% carbendazim 10g and puddles evenly and spread fertilizer over the fields;
3. feeding block seedlings raising, after planting grasps temperature: daytime, night 18 DEG C, ground temperature 17-22 DEG C, reduced 2-5 DEG C after neat seedling at 20 DEG C;
4. strong sprout standard: plant height 18-20cm, 8-12 sheet leaf, blade is plump, and petiole is sturdy, dark green leaf color, and root system development is good;
Step 2, site preparation and fertilization: choose the plot plantation of not planting solanaceous vegetables year, meticulous mu executes the expanded chicken manure of decomposed manure 3000kg or 1000kg wholely as far as possible, and deep ploughing 25cm, does the little high furrow of growth 6-8m, wide 1m, 25cm above ground level;
Step 3, field planting: select calm fine day field planting, every furrow field planting 1 row, spacing in the rows 30-40cm, mu plantation density 1800-2500 strain, waters after field planting in time, and covering with plastic film;
Step 4, field management:
I topdresses: spreaded manuer in holes every 15 days after occupying stably fruit an active organic fertilizer or expanded chicken manure, and mu executes 100kg, within 10 days, sprays foliage fertilizer, adopts 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate to add 0.2% urea; Carbon dioxide fertilization, adopts after bearing fruit and manually enriches CO 2to strengthen plant photosynthetic capacity, after the fine day sun out one hour, mu carbonic hydroammonium 3.5kg adds 70% solid sulphuric acid 3kg, then adds clear water 4kg, promotes canopy room CO 2concentration, vexed canopy leaked informaton at the mouth that blows in after 2 hours;
II temperature light regulate: daytime remains on 25-30 DEG C, night 13-18 DEG C, noon in summer, ceiling added a cover sunshade net temperature-reducing and light-tight;
III prunes and hangs strain: often select good strains in the field for seed and stay 2-3 bar major branch, and the base portion bud of door green pepper and 2-4 joint is dredged as early as possible and gone, from 4-5 joint, stay green pepper, based on major branch knot green pepper, remove other side shoots and branch early, the pinching after staying 1 green pepper of middle part side shoot, every strain has remained that 2-3 branch upwards grows; Fix plant for control lodging adopts plastic ties to hang strain, do not have individual major branch fixing with a rope, the time of infertility, plant can reach more than 2m, every strain knot green pepper 18-23.
More than show and describe general principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and specification just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.Application claims protection domain is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (1)

1. a cultivation method for Northern Anhui area Colored Pepper, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps,
Step one, cultivate anosis strong sprout:
1. seed treatment: seed is put into 60-65 DEG C of hot water, constant temperature seed soaking 12-18 minute, constantly stirs, water temperature after 20 minutes of soaking seed is down to 23-27 DEG C, then rinses well with clear water, then uses Seed soaking 12 hours, be placed in vernalization under 25 DEG C of environment, sow after showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
2. nursery bed disinfection: every square metre of seedbed adds appropriate thin moisture soil with 50% carbendazim 10g and puddles evenly and spread fertilizer over the fields;
3. feeding block seedlings raising, after planting grasps temperature: daytime, night 18 DEG C, ground temperature 17-22 DEG C, reduced 2-5 DEG C after neat seedling at 20 DEG C;
4. strong sprout standard: plant height 18-20cm, 8-12 sheet leaf, blade is plump, and petiole is sturdy, dark green leaf color, and root system development is good;
Step 2, site preparation and fertilization: choose the plot plantation of not planting solanaceous vegetables year, meticulous mu executes the expanded chicken manure of decomposed manure 3000kg or 1000kg wholely as far as possible, and deep ploughing 25cm, does the little high furrow of growth 6-8m, wide 1m, 25cm above ground level;
Step 3, field planting: select calm fine day field planting, every furrow field planting 1 row, spacing in the rows 30-40cm, mu plantation density 1800-2500 strain, waters after field planting in time, and covering with plastic film;
Step 4, field management:
I topdresses: spreaded manuer in holes every 15 days after occupying stably fruit an active organic fertilizer or expanded chicken manure, and mu executes 100kg, within 10 days, sprays foliage fertilizer, adopts 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate to add 0.2% urea; Carbon dioxide fertilization, adopts after bearing fruit and manually enriches CO 2to strengthen plant photosynthetic capacity, after the fine day sun out one hour, mu carbonic hydroammonium 3.5kg adds 70% solid sulphuric acid 3kg, then adds clear water 4kg, promotes canopy room CO 2concentration, vexed canopy leaked informaton at the mouth that blows in after 2 hours;
II temperature light regulate: daytime remains on 25-30 DEG C, night 13-18 DEG C, noon in summer, ceiling added a cover sunshade net temperature-reducing and light-tight;
III prunes and hangs strain: often select good strains in the field for seed and stay 2-3 bar major branch, and the base portion bud of door green pepper and 2-4 joint is dredged as early as possible and gone, from 4-5 joint, stay green pepper, based on major branch knot green pepper, remove other side shoots and branch early, the pinching after staying 1 green pepper of middle part side shoot, every strain has remained that 2-3 branch upwards grows; Fix plant for control lodging adopts plastic ties to hang strain, do not have individual major branch fixing with a rope, the time of infertility, plant can reach more than 2m, every strain knot green pepper 18-23.
CN201510191961.XA 2015-04-21 2015-04-21 Cultivation method of colored peppers in northern regions of Anhui Province, China Pending CN104855080A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510191961.XA CN104855080A (en) 2015-04-21 2015-04-21 Cultivation method of colored peppers in northern regions of Anhui Province, China

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510191961.XA CN104855080A (en) 2015-04-21 2015-04-21 Cultivation method of colored peppers in northern regions of Anhui Province, China

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104855080A true CN104855080A (en) 2015-08-26

Family

ID=53901613

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510191961.XA Pending CN104855080A (en) 2015-04-21 2015-04-21 Cultivation method of colored peppers in northern regions of Anhui Province, China

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104855080A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105340532A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-02-24 安徽新源农业科技有限公司 Integrated full-automatic control planting method of peppers by utilizing integration of water and fertilizer
CN105532236A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-05-04 安徽有机良庄农业科技发展有限公司 Pollution-free planting method of colored bell pepper sunlight greenhouse
CN106416509A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-02-22 绥阳县农鑫蔬菜专业合作社 Capsicum annuum planting method
CN106561255A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-04-19 大理清福农业开发有限公司 Green pepper cultivation method
CN107365238A (en) * 2017-09-13 2017-11-21 湖南金叶众望科技股份有限公司 A kind of capsicum active fertilizer special and preparation method thereof
CN108076983A (en) * 2018-01-11 2018-05-29 和县聂兴圩蔬菜种植有限责任公司 A kind of plantation method for culturing seedlings of organic vegetable

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102934583A (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-02-20 赖月娥 Integrated pest and disease prevention and control management of hot peppers
CN103460937A (en) * 2013-09-12 2013-12-25 江苏希旺农业科技有限公司 Color pepper cultivation technology
CN104041270A (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-09-17 郎溪县圣川蔬果专业合作社 Pollution-free pepper cultivation method

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102934583A (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-02-20 赖月娥 Integrated pest and disease prevention and control management of hot peppers
CN103460937A (en) * 2013-09-12 2013-12-25 江苏希旺农业科技有限公司 Color pepper cultivation technology
CN104041270A (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-09-17 郎溪县圣川蔬果专业合作社 Pollution-free pepper cultivation method

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
宋一武: "彩色甜椒高产栽培技术", 《现代农村科技》 *
王彩芬: "日光温室彩色甜椒秋冬茬高产高效栽培技术", 《北方园艺》 *

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105340532A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-02-24 安徽新源农业科技有限公司 Integrated full-automatic control planting method of peppers by utilizing integration of water and fertilizer
CN105532236A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-05-04 安徽有机良庄农业科技发展有限公司 Pollution-free planting method of colored bell pepper sunlight greenhouse
CN106561255A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-04-19 大理清福农业开发有限公司 Green pepper cultivation method
CN106416509A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-02-22 绥阳县农鑫蔬菜专业合作社 Capsicum annuum planting method
CN106416509B (en) * 2016-11-16 2020-06-02 徐州市徐研种业有限公司 Pepper planting method
CN107365238A (en) * 2017-09-13 2017-11-21 湖南金叶众望科技股份有限公司 A kind of capsicum active fertilizer special and preparation method thereof
CN108076983A (en) * 2018-01-11 2018-05-29 和县聂兴圩蔬菜种植有限责任公司 A kind of plantation method for culturing seedlings of organic vegetable
CN108076983B (en) * 2018-01-11 2020-07-24 和县聂兴圩蔬菜种植有限责任公司 Planting and seedling raising method for organic vegetables

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104855080A (en) Cultivation method of colored peppers in northern regions of Anhui Province, China
CN105191763A (en) Vegetable organic soil-less culture method, culture medium and manufacturing method thereof
CN104641872A (en) Cucumber cultivation method
CN103070001A (en) Method for safely planting okra at high yield and high quality
CN105594412A (en) Cultivation method of edible chrysanthemum flowers
CN104380962A (en) Early spring tomato seedling and greenhouse cultivation method
CN101731067A (en) Research on cultivation technology of organic ornamental peppers
CN102318533A (en) A kind of quick-growing cultivation method of southern magnolia
CN104255249A (en) Planting method of protein mulberry
CN103875498A (en) Method for planting malus halliana
CN104429531B (en) A kind of Camellia sinensis, frame and alfalfa interplanting method
CN102960139A (en) Water chestnut cultivation method
CN104322264A (en) Pollution-free cultivating method of chrysanthemum
CN104025830A (en) Greenhouse cherry cultivation method
CN102726189B (en) Aquifoliaceae cuttage seedling method
CN109526446A (en) A kind of low alternating temperature stratification overlay film direct sowing and seedling method of shiny-leaved yellowhorn seed
CN104206140B (en) The cultural method of gold silver grass 2
CN105027741A (en) Magnolia sirindhorniae seed germination and seedling cultivation method
CN107980500A (en) A kind of cultural method made between corn and capsicum
CN103081767A (en) Protected cultivation method for cherries
CN108401808A (en) Greenhouse watermelon and artemisia selengensis rotation cropping method
CN104982177A (en) Violet plantation method
CN104303765B (en) The high-yield planting method of the stem of noble dendrobium
CN105075833B (en) A kind of method of the big tree resistance to shady flowers of live body stem solid cultivation of oil palm
CN107155793A (en) Interplant the implantation methods of wax gourd in a kind of peach garden

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20150826