CN105075833B - A kind of method of the big tree resistance to shady flowers of live body stem solid cultivation of oil palm - Google Patents

A kind of method of the big tree resistance to shady flowers of live body stem solid cultivation of oil palm Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105075833B
CN105075833B CN201510623576.8A CN201510623576A CN105075833B CN 105075833 B CN105075833 B CN 105075833B CN 201510623576 A CN201510623576 A CN 201510623576A CN 105075833 B CN105075833 B CN 105075833B
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shady
resistance
flowers
oil palm
live
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CN105075833A (en
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李炜芳
曾宪海
刘钊
邹积鑫
潘登浪
李哲
林位夫
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Rubber Research Institute Chinese Academy Tropical Agricultural Sciences
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Rubber Research Institute Chinese Academy Tropical Agricultural Sciences
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of method of the big tree resistance to shady flowers of live body stem solid cultivation of oil palm, it is fixed at the axil of oil palm stem petiole residue including the resistance to shady flowers of live body, resistance to shady floriculture substrate, pours facility, insect guard system.The big tree of live body oil palm both serves Shade effect to the resistance to shady flowers in growth, avoid direct sunlight, increase gas permeability, the growing environment moisture-keeping function to resistance to shady flowers is played again, the generation of germ during resistance to shady flower culture can more be reduced, so as to ensure the healthy growth of resistance to shady flowers, make resistance to shady flower growth speed faster, and be not easy sick;Resistance to shady flower plants and nursery stock is cultivated is cultivated using mixed-matrix, not only can effectively for nursery stock provide needed for nutrient, the matrix that can also prevent from being fixed when pouring resistance to shady flowers simultaneously is not easy to be broken up, in addition, after flower plants and nursery stock cultivation on the inside of axil in it is withered fall flowers and fruits matrix be resistance to shady flower growth natural organic substrate.

Description

A kind of method of the big tree resistance to shady flowers of live body stem solid cultivation of oil palm
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural plantation technology field, more particularly to a kind of resistance to shady flower of the big tree live body stem solid cultivation of oil palm The method of grass.
Background technology
China hot-zone Flower Resources are quite abundant, and only just there are about 859 kinds of Ornamental Plants Germplasm Resources, including wild flowers in Hainan Island Grass, also arbor, shrub, liana, draft, more slurry flowers etc.;It is wherein shady raw such as ivory white orchid, volume calyx pocket is blue, peace Nolan, Doritis pulcherrima, all ages orchid all belongs to excellent rare kind, and the Chinese stem of noble dendrobium, dendrobium, Dendrobium loddigesii etc. are the peculiar kind in Hainan.I The now main resistance to shady ornamental flower in state hot-zone have sight flower camellia, Billbergiapyramidalis, good orchid, Impatiens Hybriden, African violet, tawny daylily, Jade hairpin, Ornithogalum caudatum, kaffir lily, haemanthus katherinae, spend more nail orchid, mun orchid etc., and main resistance to shady watch leaf flower has bird Nest fern, Chinese yew, tree, four-o'clock, nandina, kiss-me, Chinese photinia, livid purple wood, Eurya plant wood, pearl sand root, serissa serissoide, common calla Deng.But less in the resistance to shady Flower Resources of China hot-zone business cultivation at present, pattern is more dull, and the utilization of resistance to shady flowers does not have also Have and fully paid attention to.With the raising of people's lives quality, people are increasing to resistance to shady flowers consumption demand, therefore, add By force to the exploitation of resistance to shady flowers, the advantage of the resistance to shady flowers in hot-zone is played, it is significant to the expanding economy of China hot-zone.
Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) is typical tropical woody oleiferous plants crop, its in per hectare year oil-producing Amount is described as " world oil king " up to 5~8.8 tons.Belong to high megaphanerophyte, the economic life is up to 25~30 years, and natural life-span is reachable 100 years, stem year grew 40~60 centimetres, and plant height is up to 18 meters.With the growth of oil palm tree, stem increases, on stem not The disconnected a large amount of phyllopodium of residual.It can be adapted to plant a variety of tolerant plants on the inside of phyllopodium.It is this that tolerant plant method is planted on oil palm tree, It is not take up land resource, can sufficiently utilize oil palm stem solid space resource, reduces production cost, increases economic benefit.
Main current resistance to shady flowers artificial cultivation (facility cultivation) is all that the resistance to shady flowers of live body are directly seeded in be stamped greatly On the ground of canopy or table top, required humiture and ventilation are adjusted in greenhouse, this cultural method, floor space is big, shady and cool Facility input cost is high, and 40 DEG C of high-temperature conditions of appearance are more in facility, and the gas permeability during resistance to shady flower growth also is difficult to control System, easily grows germ, in addition, uniformity during field planting needs manual control.
The big tree of oil palm can provide the subenvironment for being adapted to resistance to shady flower growth well, and resistance to shady flowers are in the big tree stem of oil palm Solid plant have output efficiently, Quality Safety, resources conservation, it is environment-friendly, can in the case where being not take up soil fully profit With solid space resource, production cost, additional income are reduced.The existing report of method of the resistance to shady flowers of solid cultivation on oil palm tree Road is Li Juan's《The stereo cultivating method of the stem of noble dendrobium on a kind of oil palm tree》, method that it is reported is in planting patterns, irrigation method, prevents Worm mode, matrix aspect still suffer from certain limitation.
Therefore it is badly in need of a kind of a kind of big tree live body stem solid of oil palm that can preferably solve the problems, such as prior art and limitation be present The method for cultivating resistance to shady flowers.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of cultivation is convenient, plantation is uniform, survival rate is high, is not take up ground, growth ring Get well and be advantageous to a kind of method of the big tree resistance to shady flowers of live body stem solid cultivation of oil palm of resistance to shady flower growth in border.
To achieve these goals, the technical scheme is that:There is provided a kind of oil palm big tree live body stem solid cultivation The method of resistance to shady flowers, comprises the following steps:
1) the big tree live body stem of oil palm containing certain firm petiole residue is selected;
2) growth substrate that the resistance to shady flowers of live body are formed using mixed-matrix with natural organic substrate is cultivated, described mixed It is organic nutrient raw material and hole secondary matrix by weight 3~5 to close matrix:1~2 ratio uniform mixing, it is described naturally to have Machine matrix be after flower plants and nursery stock cultivation on the inside of axil in it is withered fall flowers and fruits matrix;
3) nest of accommodating resistance to shady flowers is erected with mixed-matrix at the big tree live body stem petiole residue axil of oil palm, by work The resistance to shady flower roots of body are fixed in nest, are then covered with mixed-matrix;
4) the resistance to shady flowers of live body grow impeller order according to oil palm and transplanted in the big tree live body stem of oil palm, on each impeller Every petiole residue in be colonized, or be separated by one or more impellers every order in one or more petioles or alternately fixed Plant;
5) carried out by drip irrigation facilities to resistance to shady flower growth matrix watering pours water, keep resistance to shady flowers in petiole residue not Dry;
6) insect guard system is set, insect guard system is enclosed on outside the big tree live body stem of oil palm and resistance to shady flowers.
It is preferred that the organic nutrient raw material is crushing crops shell, coconut palm chaff, peat soil, wooden chaff, liver moss, bark block, wood One or more in charcoal;The hole secondary matrix is tile, brickbat bits, chad, haydite, one kind in perlite or several Kind.
It is preferred that carried out by drip irrigation facilities be to resistance to shady flower growth matrix watering pours water concrete operations:By drip irrigation facilities The field planting position by resistance to shady flowers and oil palm impeller sequence arrangement pipeline along oil palm tree head, and installation can on every plant of resistance to shady flowers Mode water dropper, automatic switch is installed on every plant of tree head, automatic dripping irrigation can be realized, resistance to shade during ensureing dry season and smaller rainfall intensity Moisture required for flowers.
It is preferred that the insect guard system is fly net, the width and height of fly net are respectively with oil palm stem stem girth with planting Flowers are trained highly to be adapted;Fly net upper and lower ends set the elastic string for tightening opening, are set at left and right sides of fly net and tighten side The safety pin or slide fastener on side.Insect guard system can effectively prevent extraneous animal, such as birds, the harassing and wrecking of muroid and other extraneous insects. The resistance to shady environment for being adapted to resistance to shady flower growth is provided simultaneously.
Further, the oil palm stem petiole residue be preferably live body oil palm prune after leave there is stabilizing base Residue.
Further, the resistance to shady flower cultivation of the live body is cultivated using mixed-matrix, can not only be provided for nursery stock needed for it is foster Point, while the matrix that can also prevent from being fixed when pouring resistance to shady flowers is not easy to be broken up, and keeps resistance to shady flower roots easily ventilative, More spaces, ponding, is not advantageous to the development of root.
Present invention beneficial effect compared with prior art is:
1. in terms of planting patterns, the resistance to shady flowers in the present invention can grow impeller order according to oil palm and uniformly transplant in oil palm Live body stem, can be colonized in every petiole residue on each impeller, or being separated by one or more impellers every one or Order or alternately field planting in multiple petioles.It is different from from oil palm tree basal part of stem up every the way of the circle of certain altitude plantation one.
2. the drip irrigation facilities of the resistance to shady flowers of live body in the present invention, it is along oil palm tree head by drip irrigation facilities in terms of the mode of pouring Oil palm impeller sequence arrangement pipeline is pressed by the field planting position of resistance to shady flowers, and adjustable water dropper is installed on every plant of resistance to shady flowers, is come Ensure the moisture required for resistance to shady flowers when dry season and smaller rainfall intensity.Atomization can be provided, shady and cool, the subenvironment of moistening, and Automatic irrigation can be realized, is different from the way that can only manually pour at present.
3. in terms of insect prevention mode, insect guard system of the present invention effectively can prevent extraneous animal, such as birds by physical method, Muroid and the harassing and wrecking of other extraneous insects.The resistance to shady environment for being adapted to resistance to shady flower growth is provided simultaneously.It is different from present without effectively Anti- bird pest, insect pest, the way of the plague of rats.
4. in terms of matrix, the resistance to shady flower cultivation of live body of the present invention is cultivated using mixed-matrix, not only institute can be provided for nursery stock Nutrient is needed, while the matrix that can also prevent from being fixed when pouring resistance to shady flowers is not easy to be broken up, and keeps resistance to shady flower roots easy Ventilative, more spaces, ponding, is not advantageous to the development of root.Be different from present simply simply using withered fallen flowers fruit matrix it is easy by Rain drop erosion, nursery stock easily wash from the way of plantation pedestal.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is that the structure of the insect guard system in the method for the big tree resistance to shady flowers of live body stem solid cultivation of oil palm of the present invention is shown It is intended to;
In figure:1st, fly net;2nd, elastic string;3rd, safety pin;4th, slide fastener.
Embodiment
In order to describe technology contents, the structure of the method for the big tree resistance to shady flowers of live body stem solid cultivation of oil palm of the present invention in detail Make feature, below in conjunction with embodiment and coordinate accompanying drawing to be described further.
Embodiment 1
A kind of method of the big tree live body stem solid cultivation new pteris fern of oil palm
The cultural method includes live body new pteris fern, and live body new pteris fern is fixed in oil palm stem petiole residue, pours Water and new pteris fern growth substrate, keep the new pteris fern in petiole residue moist.
Specific steps include following:
1) the big tree live body stem of oil palm containing certain firm petiole residue is selected;
2) growth substrate that live body new pteris fern is formed using mixed-matrix with natural organic substrate is cultivated, the mixing Matrix is coconut palm chaff:Peat soil:Brickbat bits are 4 by weight proportion:2:1 ratio uniform mixes;The natural organic substrate is residual Withered at axil spends the residual leaf of withered fruit, can turn into the source of the organic fertilizer during nursery stock subsequent growth.
3) nest of accommodating live body new pteris fern is erected with mixed-matrix at the big tree live body stem petiole residue axil of oil palm, will Live body new pteris fern root is fixed in nest, is then covered with mixed-matrix;
4) new pteris fern is transplanted by oil palm impeller order is separated by 2~4 in the four direction of oil palm live body stem, each direction Petiole is colonized one plant, is staggeredly planted between all directions;
5) carried out by drip irrigation facilities to live body new pteris fern growth substrate watering pours water, keep the new pteris fern life in petiole residue It is moist;The drip irrigation facilities of the live body new pteris fern, refer to along oil palm tree head pacify drip irrigation facilities by the field planting position of new pteris fern Discharge pipe, and adjustable water dropper is installed on every plant of new pteris fern, and set at every plant and automatic switch is installed on head, automatic drip can be realized Fill, moisture during ensureing dry season and smaller rainfall intensity required for new pteris fern.
6) insect guard system is set, insect guard system is enclosed on outside the big tree live body stem of oil palm and live body new pteris fern.Insect guard system, As described in Figure 1, insect guard system is fly net 1 to structure, and the width and height of fly net are respectively the same as oil palm stem stem girth and new pteris fern Highly it is adapted;Fly net upper and lower ends set the elastic string 2 for tightening opening, are set at left and right sides of fly net and tighten the other of side Pin 3 or slide fastener 4.Insect guard system can effectively prevent extraneous animal, such as birds, the harassing and wrecking of muroid and other extraneous insects.Simultaneously The resistance to shady environment for being adapted to new pteris fern growth is provided.The new pteris fern seedling is the new pteris fern seedling with root system or without root system.
Embodiment 2
A kind of method of the big tree live body stem solid cultivation dendrobium of oil palm
Specific steps include following:
1) the big tree live body stem of oil palm containing certain firm petiole residue is selected;
2) growth substrate that dendrobium is formed using mixed-matrix with natural organic substrate is cultivated, the mixed base Matter is crushing peanuts shell:Peat soil:Haydite ratio is 5:3:1 ratio uniform mixes;The natural organic substrate is to residue in leaf Withered at armpit spends the residual leaf of withered fruit, can turn into the source of the organic fertilizer during nursery stock subsequent growth.
3) nest of accommodating dendrobium is erected with mixed-matrix at the big tree live body stem petiole residue axil of oil palm, will be close Flower stem of noble dendrobium root is fixed in nest, is then covered with mixed-matrix;
4) dendrobium is transplanted in each petiole residue axil of each impeller of oil palm live body stem.
5) carried out by drip irrigation facilities to dendrobium growth substrate watering pours water, keep dendrobium in petiole residue not Dry;The drip irrigation facilities of the dendrobium, refer to the field planting position arrangement along oil palm tree head by dendrobium by drip irrigation facilities Pipeline, and adjustable water dropper is installed on every plant of dendrobium, and set at every plant and automatic switch is installed on head, automatic drip can be realized Fill, moisture during ensureing dry season and smaller rainfall intensity required for dendrobium.
6) insect guard system is set, insect guard system is enclosed on outside the big tree live body stem of oil palm and dendrobium.Insect guard system, knot As described in Figure 1, insect guard system is fly net 1 to structure, and the width and height of fly net are respectively the same as oil palm stem stem girth and dendrobium Highly it is adapted;Fly net upper and lower ends set the elastic string 2 for tightening opening, are set at left and right sides of fly net and tighten the other of side Pin 3 or slide fastener 4.Insect guard system can effectively prevent extraneous animal, such as birds, the harassing and wrecking of muroid and other extraneous insects.Simultaneously The resistance to shady environment for being adapted to dendrobium growth is provided.
The dendrobium seedling is the dendrobium seedling with root system or without root system.
In addition to the implementation, the present invention can also have other embodiment.It is all to use equivalent substitution or equivalent transformation shape Into technical scheme, all fall within the protection domains of application claims.
Plantation counts facility cultivation (greenhouse cultivation) after 90 days, (oil palm tree basal part of stem is up every for traditional oil palm stem cultivation A circle, manual watering are planted every certain altitude, using withered fallen flowers fruit matrix) and the dendrobium growth characteristics strain of the invention handled The indexs such as high, stem is thick, fresh weight, dry weight, fresh and dried ratio, plantation strain number, survival rate, the results showed that, survival rate of plant of the present invention reaches 100%, of the invention and facility cultivation plant height, stem is thick, and fresh weight survival rate cultivates difference without significant difference, but with traditional oil palm stem Significantly.Fresh and dried than without significant difference, planting strain number and total fresh weight amount with the cultivation of traditional oil palm stem is the cultivation of traditional oil palm stem 2.75 times, 3.2 times.
Influence of the different cultivation processing of table 1 to dendrobium growth characteristics
1) Deng Kenshi newly answers range test, significant difference (P between the processing of same column difference lowercase letter in table< 0.05)。
The above disclosed right for being only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, the present invention can not being limited with this certainly Scope, therefore the equivalent variations made according to the claims in the present invention, still fall within the scope that the present invention is covered.

Claims (2)

  1. A kind of 1. method of the big tree resistance to shady flowers of live body stem solid cultivation of oil palm, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
    1) the big tree live body stem of oil palm containing certain firm petiole residue is selected;
    2) growth substrate that the resistance to shady flowers of live body are formed using mixed-matrix with natural organic substrate is cultivated, the mixed base Matter is organic nutrient raw material and hole secondary matrix by weight 3~5:1~2 ratio uniform mixing, the natural organic group Matter be after flower plants and nursery stock cultivation on the inside of axil in it is withered fall flowers and fruits matrix;The organic nutrient raw material is crushing crops shell, coconut palm One or more in chaff, peat soil, wooden chaff, liver moss, bark block, charcoal;The hole secondary matrix is tile, brickbat is considered to be worth doing, One or more in chad, haydite, perlite;
    3) nest of accommodating resistance to shady flowers is erected with mixed-matrix at the big tree live body stem petiole residue axil of oil palm, live body is resistance to Shady flower roots are fixed in nest, are then covered with mixed-matrix;
    4) the resistance to shady flowers of live body grow impeller order according to oil palm and transplanted in the big tree live body stem of oil palm, are being separated by one or more Every order in one or more petioles or alternately field planting in impeller;
    5) carry out, to resistance to shady flower growth matrix watering pours water, keeping the resistance to shady flowers in petiole residue not do by drip irrigation facilities It is dry;
    6) insect guard system is set, insect guard system is enclosed on outside the big tree live body stem of oil palm and resistance to shady flowers;The insect guard system is Fly net, the width and height of fly net are highly adapted with oil palm stem stem girth and floriculture respectively;Two above and below fly net End sets the elastic string for tightening opening, and safety pin or slide fastener are set at left and right sides of fly net.
  2. 2. the method for the big tree resistance to shady flowers of live body stem solid cultivation of oil palm as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Pass through Drip irrigation facilities are carried out:Drip irrigation facilities are pressed into resistance to shady flowers along oil palm tree head Field planting position and oil palm impeller sequence arrangement pipeline, and adjustable water dropper is installed on every plant of resistance to shady flowers, on every plant of tree head Automatic switch is installed, realizes automatic dripping irrigation.
CN201510623576.8A 2015-09-26 2015-09-26 A kind of method of the big tree resistance to shady flowers of live body stem solid cultivation of oil palm Active CN105075833B (en)

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CN105532398B (en) * 2015-12-18 2018-07-27 四川农业大学 A kind of hosta tissue culture seedling Light media degradable nonwoven fabrics outside sprout-cultivating-bottle seedling method
CN106688573A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-05-24 镇江润祥园林科技发展有限公司 Shade tolerance indoor detection method for poaceae turf grass

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CN200997799Y (en) * 2007-01-21 2008-01-02 曹金华 Stereo peg for cultivating plants
CN103109661A (en) * 2013-01-31 2013-05-22 安徽霍山县药王谷林农科技有限公司 Method of imitating wild cultivation in dendrobe forest
WO2014138310A1 (en) * 2013-03-05 2014-09-12 The Texas A&M University System Manipulating phb genes for plant biomass accumulation and yield
CN103918538B (en) * 2014-05-04 2016-01-20 中国热带农业科学院橡胶研究所 The stereo cultivation method of the stem of noble dendrobium on a kind of oil palm tree
CN104620836B (en) * 2015-03-03 2018-05-11 云南久丽康源石斛开发有限公司 A kind of dendrobium candidum pseudo-wild cultivating method
CN204653224U (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-09-23 中国热带农业科学院橡胶研究所 A kind of oil palm large tree live body stem vertical cultivation irrigation rig

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