CN104272949B - A kind of Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant culturing method for culturing seedlings - Google Patents

A kind of Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant culturing method for culturing seedlings Download PDF

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CN104272949B
CN104272949B CN201410511338.3A CN201410511338A CN104272949B CN 104272949 B CN104272949 B CN 104272949B CN 201410511338 A CN201410511338 A CN 201410511338A CN 104272949 B CN104272949 B CN 104272949B
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seed
sand
culturing
herba hylotelephii
hylotelephii erythrosticti
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CN104272949A (en
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徐和良
吴波
陈韦
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"VERTIGE SHANXI GREEN ROOF Co LTD"
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation

Abstract

The invention belongs to technical field of plant cultivation, the problem being difficult by seminal propagation and production to solve current crassulaceae plants to produce, it is provided that a kind of Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant culturing method for culturing seedlings.Including seed pre-treatment, prepare breeding dish, sow seeds, hot-house culture, the step such as sprout.Using the method for the invention to carry out nursery, emergence rate can reach 95%, and without weed growth, disease reduces, and growing way is good, well developed root system;Without spraying insecticide, pollution-free.The inventive method emergence rate reaches more than 95%, equal to other planting seed method emergence rates more than 3 times.Root rot sickness rate is below 0.01%.The Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti variety that the present invention cultivates reaches 100%.

Description

A kind of Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant culturing method for culturing seedlings
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of plant cultivation, be specifically related to a kind of Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant culturing method for culturing seedlings.
Background technology
Crassulaceae plants is distributed in major part region, the Northern Hemisphere, various in style, about 35 belong to more than 1500 kind, in state-owned 10 Belong to about more than 240 kinds, separately have multiple introduction as ornamental flower.Graminaceous plant is perennial meat draft, blooms summer and autumn, spends little And in great numbers, shades of colour has.Epidermis has cured matter powder, sunken stomata, can reduce transpiration, is typical xerophyte, asexual numerous Power of growing is strong, and so-called picking leaves can be planted and be taken root.Crassulaceae plants plant is short and small, and owing to being meat, water consumption is fertile seldom, the most easily Plantation is viewed and admired.Crassulaceae plants, due to its short and small wind resistance, need not again a large amount of liquid manure, anti-pollution, therefore becomes and compare stream at present The first-selected plant of the roof greening of row.
Crassulaceae plants (Crassulaceae) is important medicinal, the gardening of a class and environmental pollution rehabilitation plant, along with Socioeconomic development, its demand is sharply increasing.The breeding of crassulaceae plants mainly has seminal propagation, plant division and stem/leaf Cuttage.Because the seed of crassulaceae plants is minimum, and seminal propagation needs special weather conditions, nutritional condition and abolishes seed Dormancy method, so being difficult by seminal propagation and production on Sheng Chaning;The mode of plant division, although simple, because consumption is big, in production Less practical.Produce at present the upper main method using stem/leaf cuttage, need preparation to take root substrate before cuttage, typically select 1:1 Fluvial sand and peat soil mixture as substrate of taking root, part building leftover bits and pieces can also be added in order to reduce cost, cuttage is selected By flowerpot or hole tray, there is the problems such as materials cost is high, the amount of labour used is big, labor intensity is big in the method when large-scale production. Meanwhile, crassulaceae plants also needs to add a cover sunshade net when cuttage in summer and shades, and often sprays water, and should prevent cutting dehydration, again Prevent from watering excess and hydrops.Due to problem above, current crassulaceae plants is also difficult to biological control and production, this Also the cost that directly results in the Chinese crude drug of crassulaceae plants, gardening potted landscape and environmental pollution reparation etc. in the market occupies height not Under, seriously constrain the industrialization development of crassulaceae plants.
Roof greening is a kind of Virescence form covering platform and Sloping roof roof with vegetable material, is to improve city life State environment, abundant urban afforestation view, improves one of effective way of urban green coverage rate." the roof greening that in May, 2005 puts into effect Specification " to the instruction of Plants types choice in roof greening be: there is the wind resistance of suitable roof environment, summer drought-enduring, resistance to The ornamental plant of the conditions such as high temperature, resistance to air pollution, resistance to pruning is the first-selection of roof greening.And sengreen has this just A little characteristics, therefore crassulaceae plants the most just becomes the first-selected vegetable material of roof greening.
The operations such as owing to Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant seed is the least, naked eyes are difficult to separate, and carry out seed seedling-raising difficulty relatively big, later stage thinning Numerous and diverse, the most current domestic mostly take cottage method nursery.Without substantial amounts of female bed and seedling, the production of cuttage mode It is the slowest, and Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti seedling is more alike, easily causes miscegenation, is not readily separated.If able to obtain a kind of seed seedling-raising Method so that later stage Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant is prone to thinning, and kind is single, uses seed to carry out mass propgation, can realize in a short time Large area produces, and contributes to popularization and the introduction of new varieties.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is to solve that current crassulaceae plants produces the problem being difficult by seminal propagation and production, it is provided that A kind of Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant culturing method for culturing seedlings.
The present invention is realized by following technical scheme: a kind of Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant culturing method for culturing seedlings, comprises the steps:
(1) seed pre-treatment: the dry aseptic sand after Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti seed and sterilization is pressed seed: sand=5-9g seed: 6- The ratio mix homogeneously of 10L sand;
(2) prepare breeding dish: the seedling medium that breeding dish built-in up to breeding cave 90% is high, water and make seedling medium complete It is impregnated with water;
(3) sow seeds: spread the Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti seed handled well with the sieve of 80-100 mesh, seedling medium surface cover 1-2mm husky and The mixture of seed, spraying is watered and is made stromal surface keep moistening;
(4) hot-house culture: the breeding dish sowed seeds is placed in the greenhouse of 15-28 DEG C cultivation, surface spraying adds water and makes table Face keeps moistening;
(5) sprout: greenhouse sprouted after 7-10 days, after 3 leaves, connect root move into the hole tray equipped with seedling medium, in hole tray Seedling medium keep moistening, continue hot-house culture, long seedling after 10-18 days, then carry out cutting cultivation.
Described seedling medium is prepared from by 1:1:1 mix homogeneously by rice husk, cocoanut fiber, broken Masson Pine, and rice husk is pulverized and is 20 mesh, cocoanut fiber pulverize be 80 mesh, broken Masson Pine be 50 mesh.The ratio that described aseptic sand mixes with seed is 7g seed: 8L Sand.Sand sterilization method is: sand crosses 80-100 mesh sieve, 100-120 DEG C of parch sterilization 0.5-2h.
Compared with prior art, using the method for the invention to carry out nursery, emergence rate can be at least up to 95%, without miscellaneous Grass growth, purity even can reach 100%, and disease reduces, and sickness rate is 0.01%;Growing way is good, well developed root system;Without spraying agriculture Medicine etc., pollution-free.The inventive method emergence rate reaches more than 95%, equal to other planting seed method emergence rates more than 3 times.Root Maize ear rot sickness rate is below 0.01%.The Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti variety that the present invention cultivates reaches 100%.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1: a kind of Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant culturing method for culturing seedlings, comprises the steps:
(1) seed pre-treatment: by the dry aseptic sand after Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti seed and sterilization by seed: sand is 5g seed: 6L The ratio mix homogeneously of sand;
(2) prepare breeding dish: the seedling medium that breeding dish built-in up to breeding cave 90% is high, water and make seedling medium complete It is impregnated with water;
(3) sowing seeds: spread the Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti seed handled well with the sieve of 80 mesh, it is husky and seed that seedling medium surface covers 1mm Mixture, spraying is watered and is made stromal surface keep moistening;
(4) hot-house culture: the breeding dish sowed seeds is placed in the greenhouse of 15 DEG C cultivation, and surface spraying adds water and makes surface protect Hold moistening;
(5) sprout: greenhouse sprouted after 7-10 days, after 3 leaves, connect root move into the hole tray equipped with seedling medium, in hole tray Seedling medium keep moistening, continue hot-house culture, long seedling after 10-18 days, then carry out cutting cultivation.
Described seedling medium is prepared from by 1:1:1 mix homogeneously by rice husk, cocoanut fiber, broken Masson Pine, and rice husk is pulverized and is 20 mesh, cocoanut fiber pulverize be 80 mesh, broken Masson Pine be 50 mesh.Sand sterilization method is: sand crosses 80 mesh sieves, 100-120 DEG C of stir-fry System sterilization 0.5-2h.
Embodiment 2: a kind of Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant culturing method for culturing seedlings, seed is 7g seed with the ratio of sand: 8L sand, with 90 Mesh sieve is sowed seeds, and seedling medium surface covers the husky mixture with seed of 2mm, is placed in the greenhouse of 25 DEG C by the breeding dish sowed seeds Cultivating, cross 90 mesh sieves during sand sterilization, remaining step is with embodiment 1 step.
Embodiment 3: a kind of Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant culturing method for culturing seedlings, seed is 9g seed with the ratio of sand: 10L sand, uses 100 mesh sieve are sowed seeds, and seedling medium surface covers the husky mixture with seed of 1.5mm, and the breeding dish sowed seeds is placed in 28 DEG C Cultivating in greenhouse, cross 100 mesh sieves during sand sterilization, remaining step is with embodiment 1 step.
Experimental example 1: select the same experimental conditions described in identical Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant variety and the embodiment of the present invention 2 and phase Same test method, uses the special seedling medium of Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant of the present invention and common seedling medium to carry out Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant seed The cultivation of nursery, after half a year, plant growing situation is shown in Table 1.Result shows, uses special seedling medium of the present invention, cultivates half Year, plant plant height can reach 15.24cm, and strain exhibition can reach 20.32cm, and-17 DEG C of plant strain growths of low temperature are good, and blade is green Redness, and quality is hard;Survival rate can reach 95%, and vane thickness can reach 1.6mm, plant leaf during summer high temperature 38 DEG C Hardening and rubescent, well-grown.Special seedling medium of the present invention suitable Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant growing is described, and can spend extreme High and low temperature environment, and grow fine, be that beneficially outdoor greening uses.Use experiment condition described in other embodiments of the invention Cultivating Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant seed nursery, plant strain growth situation there was no significant difference with plant strain growth situation described in embodiment 2.
Table 1

Claims (3)

1. a Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant culturing method for culturing seedlings, it is characterised in that: comprise the steps:
(1) seed pre-treatment: the dry aseptic sand after Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti seed and sterilization is pressed seed: sand=5-9g seed: 6-10L The ratio mix homogeneously of sand;
(2) prepare breeding dish: the seedling medium that breeding dish built-in up to breeding cave 90% is high, water and make seedling medium be impregnated with completely Water;
(3) sowing seeds: spread the Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti seed handled well with the sieve of 80-100 mesh, seedling medium surface covers 1-2mm sand and plants The mixture of son, spraying is watered and is made stromal surface keep moistening;
(4) hot-house culture: the breeding dish sowed seeds is placed in the greenhouse of 15-28 DEG C cultivation, surface spraying adds water and makes surface protect Hold moistening;
(5) sprout: greenhouse sprouted after 7-10 days, after 3 leaves, connect root move into the hole tray equipped with seedling medium, in hole tray Seedling medium keeps moistening, continues hot-house culture, long seedling after 10-18 days, then carries out cutting cultivation;
Described seedling medium is prepared from by 1:1:1 mix homogeneously by rice husk, cocoanut fiber, broken Masson Pine, and it is 20 that rice husk is pulverized Mesh, cocoanut fiber pulverize be 80 mesh, broken Masson Pine be 50 mesh.
2. according to a kind of Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant culturing method for culturing seedlings described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described aseptic sand with The ratio of seed mixing is 7g seed: 8L sand.
3. according to a kind of Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant culturing method for culturing seedlings described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: sand sterilization method For: sand crosses 80-100 mesh sieve, 100-120 DEG C of parch sterilization 0.5-2h.
CN201410511338.3A 2014-09-29 2014-09-29 A kind of Herba hylotelephii erythrosticti plant culturing method for culturing seedlings Active CN104272949B (en)

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CN104982193B (en) * 2015-06-19 2017-11-21 卞佳林 A kind of method for culturing seedlings for improving cajaput flowering rate
CN106818437A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-13 山西省农业科学院园艺研究所 A kind of red-spotted stonecrop air culture method

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EP0728410A1 (en) * 1995-02-22 1996-08-28 Pepinieres De L' Orpin Use of a fabric in a precultivation method for planting substrates and various media, and resulting precultivation mat
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EP0728410A1 (en) * 1995-02-22 1996-08-28 Pepinieres De L' Orpin Use of a fabric in a precultivation method for planting substrates and various media, and resulting precultivation mat
CN101361446A (en) * 2008-10-15 2009-02-11 四川省川草工程咨询招标有限责任公司 Rhodiola seed seedling-raising method and cultivation method
CN101627725A (en) * 2009-08-19 2010-01-20 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所 Method for obtaining sedum with high temperature and high humidity resistance and application thereof

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Address after: 325000 No.28 laotu East Road, Qidu street, Lucheng District, Wenzhou City, Zhejiang Province

Patentee after: Xu Heliang

Address before: 030012 No. 2204, unit 1, building 12, No. 49-1, Shuangta West Street, Yingze District, Taiyuan City, Shanxi Province

Patentee before: "VERTIGE SHANXI GREEN ROOF Co.,Ltd.

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