KR20160136196A - Growing methods of Saururus chinensis Baill as an alternative crop of hot pepper cultivated in rural, mountainous and remote areas near rivers or lakes - Google Patents

Growing methods of Saururus chinensis Baill as an alternative crop of hot pepper cultivated in rural, mountainous and remote areas near rivers or lakes Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20160136196A
KR20160136196A KR1020150070351A KR20150070351A KR20160136196A KR 20160136196 A KR20160136196 A KR 20160136196A KR 1020150070351 A KR1020150070351 A KR 1020150070351A KR 20150070351 A KR20150070351 A KR 20150070351A KR 20160136196 A KR20160136196 A KR 20160136196A
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
saururus
saururus chinensis
planting
water
chinensis
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KR1020150070351A
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Korean (ko)
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홍범식
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홍범식
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Priority to KR1020150070351A priority Critical patent/KR20160136196A/en
Publication of KR20160136196A publication Critical patent/KR20160136196A/en

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    • A01G1/001
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D45/00Harvesting of standing crops
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0256Ground coverings

Abstract

The present invention relates to a method of easily mass-cultivating Saururus chinensis as a substitute crop of pepper in an aged farmer who grows pepper in a mountainous wall near a river or a lake, It is an object of the present invention to provide a way for aged farmers to cultivate large quantities of three hundred milligrams of seedlings in less labor time without the need to dispense external labor.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a method of improving the existing farmland using the saururus saury and the environmentally friendly organic fertilizer in a conventional pepper growing field, a step of cultivating Saururus chinensis with a certain day and a certain interval, It provides a method of cultivating Saururus chinensis including the step of harvesting and drying Saururus chinensis.
The present invention also enables aged farmers to easily grow Saururus chinensis in large quantities.

Description

{Growing methods of Saururus chinensis Baill as an alternative crop of hot pepper cultivated in a mountainous wall near a river or a lake}
The present invention is based on the finding that aged farmers who cultivate red peppers in the mountains near rivers and lakes have to abandon the red pepper cultivation as a reason of labor hours, To a method of cultivating the plant.
Saururus chinensis Baill is a perennial plant whose name comes from the reason that all three parts of flowers, roots, and leaves turn white when flowering season. It is a perennial plant, Of fertile soil. Saururus chinensis is nourished by roots, not breeding by seeds, and grows up to about 90 cm in height.
Saururus chinensis has been used as a medicine to treat urinary discomfort, hepatitis, jaundice and so on because it has a function of detoxification and inflammation. The stem of Saururus chinensis contains components of hydrolyzable tannin which is effective for anti-aging and anti-aging effects. It is a type of flavonoid in the leaves. It improves peripheral camphor refinement, decreases the activity of carcinogenic substances , Quercetin (quercetin) and quercitrin (quercitrin), which show antihypertensive and anti-oxidative effects. These ingredients have led scholars and the public to have a lot of interest in Saururus chinensis. The efficacy of Saururus chinensis has been proven through several studies. In recent years, many scholars belonging to universities, private research institutes, and public research institutes have actively and competitively researched and developed Saururus serotypes efficacy and utilization methods, Papers and patent applications are underway.
The demand for Saururus chinensis has been increasing, especially for the prevention of adult diseases such as vascular diseases, and demand for Saururus chinensis is expected to rise in the near future. Despite the expectation of a lot of demand, only a very small number of farmers who cultivate Saururus chinensis in Korea is a reality. Saururus chinensis is one of 57 species of endangered species II designated by the Ministry of Environment and is a rare plant that is designated as a rare plant by the Forest Service. The reason for the lack of demand for Saururus chinensis is not yet popularized in the rareness of Saururus chinensis. However, from the point of view of farmers, there are still many studies on how to cultivate Saururus chinensis It is a livelihood for farmers to abandon existing crops and to choose unusual crops, such as saururus, as alternative crops.
In order to mass produce Saururus chinensis, the choice of plantation is the most important. Because the condition of the soil in which Saururus chinensis can grow well is a fertile wetland, it is located in a region with sufficient soil moisture such as near a beach, a river, and a lake, and agricultural land where crops have been cultivated for a long time is cultivated. At present, the aging of agriculture in Korea is rapidly progressing, and not only the labor force is short, but also laboring time and labor are required for sowing, installation of landfill, pesticide spraying, and harvesting of red pepper. Considering this point, it is a farmland where aged farmers cultivate red pepper in mountainous wall near the river or lake where the cultivation area meets the condition to produce large quantity of Saururus chinensis in Korea. Because of the burden of working time and labor force, aged farmers are hiring pepper fields or farming in the field. However, the wetland near the river or lake is the cultivation site of Saururus chinensis. It is not a prerequisite that the mountainous wallpaper should be cultivated, but the elderly farmers who have to give up the cultivation due to the decline of the labor force can choose the Saururus chinensis This is a place to grow saururus under limited conditions.
Accordingly, the present inventor has found that, as a crop capable of replacing red pepper cultivated by aged farmers with a lot of labor time and labor force in a mountainous wallpaper near a river or a lake, Completed.
There are many rivers and lakes in Korea, and many aged farmers are engaged in red pepper farming in the nearby mountainous wallpapers. It is a fact that farmers can not maintain the red pepper cultivation, which requires high intensity labor and high labor hours because the aged rural area is rapidly aging. Considering the relentless reality that aged farmers need continuous economic activity but can not sustain intensive labor for a long time, it is possible to replace the red pepper grown by aged farmers in mountainous areas near rivers and lakes. To grow in a way that meets the age of aging for the purpose of mass production.
In order to accomplish the above object, the present invention relates to a method for producing a papaya plantation selected as a saururus plantation, comprising the steps of: i) souring saururus, water, Improving existing farmland; Ii) planting the three-millet seedlings at 20 cm intervals in the daytime and 40 cm intervals in the winter time; Iii) cultivating only eco-friendly without using chemical fertilizers or pesticides; And iv) harvesting and drying of Saururus chinensis, which can be applied by aged farmers.
The planting site of Saururus chinensis to which the present invention is applied is a plant where pepper or other crops were grown in the mountainous area. It should be rich in organic matter content and should be located near a river or a lake and have a sufficient wettability. .
One month prior to planting Saururus chinensis, chemical fertilizers should be used to improve the soil of existing pepper fields acidified. Add 2 liters of water per 5 grams of dried saururus, boil and boil. If water starts to boil, reduce it to low heat after 5 minutes, boil for 20 minutes, and cool. The formula pours 2 liters of water per square meter (sq. M) in the sow and millet of Darlin water to be sprayed at the place where the three hundred millions of roots are planted. After pouring the water, you should use the plastic or the tent to keep the rain from falling. After 3 days, you will pour the water in the second and third millennia. After 3 days, the fully fermented environmentally friendly organic fertilizer and the three hundreds of milligrams are mixed together to form a 10-cm-high pile. The depth and width of the pile are 60cm, so that the environmentally-friendly organic fertilizer and soil are evenly mixed .
Although it is a wetland, it is watered separately so that the water does not become insufficient so that the field is moistened and then planted. It can be planted in all seasons except the winter season. The days are 20cm apart and the width is 40cm apart. , 5 ~ 8cm long Saururus chinensis root is laid down and planted. Covered with soil, it should cover 5cm in spring, 7cm in summer, and 9cm in autumn. The planting density after planting is 10 weeks per 1m2.
After planting, do not use any chemical fertilizer or pesticide. Saururus chinensis has its own bitter taste and unique fragrance, so there is no damage of insect pests. Since animals that pick up land such as wild animals or moles do not approach, there is no need to use pesticides and it is possible to cultivate environmentally friendly. No preventive facilities are needed. In the case of drought, water should be sufficiently drained so that there is no water shortage. Coating with black vinyl after planting can inhibit the occurrence of weeds and helps grow Saururus chinensis. It is advisable to use cover materials such as rice husk, rice husk, and heat insulation cover for winter when it reaches the end of November.
Saururus chinensis grows 30-40cm in height in the first year and 90cm in the following year. In the year of planting, it is harvested from the end of September to the beginning of October. In the following year, the leaves turn white and are harvested in the middle of July when flowering. One more crop can be harvested until winter comes. At the time of harvest, it is cut at a height of 2cm from the ground. After harvesting, it is cut into a size of 10cm by using a cutting machine such as a cutting machine and dried by hot air at 50 ° C using a drier. In order to prevent the leaf from being crumbled after hot air drying, let the moisture in the dryer be kept in the dryer for a few days without leaving any heat.
The present invention has shown that aged farmers engaged in pepper cultivation in the mountainous area, which is short in the age of aging, have to give up the pepper cultivation for a lot of labor time and high labor, .
FIG. 1 is a diagram showing the daytime and the width of the saururus planting according to the present invention.
The present invention will now be described in more detail by way of specific examples that are applied to the following examples. However, the following examples are intended to be illustrative, but not limiting, of the invention.
[Example 1]
The planting area of the Saururus chinensis applied to the present invention is a farmland where pepper or other crops are grown in the mountainside wall near the lake. It is rich in organic matter and is fertile. It is located near rivers and lakes, , Which is located in Jeonbuk Province, is located near Ojeongho in Unam-myeon, Imsil County.
[Embodiment 2] Land improvement
One month before planting Saururus chinensis, early March, we had to improve the soil of the existing pepper field acidified by excessive use of chemical fertilizer. 2 liters of water per 5 grams of dry syrup was added and boiled. After the water started to boil, after 5 minutes, it was reduced to low heat, boiled for 20 minutes, cooled and then poured 2 liters of water per square meter . After the water was poured, it was made of vinyl so that it would not permeate the ground with rain. Three days after that, I poured red wine back into the water and covered it with vinyl so that it would not rain. After 3 days, the fully fermented environmentally friendly organic fertilizer and Saururus chinensis were mixed together with the remnants left over and placed at a height of 10cm, and depth and width were 60cm deep.
[Example 2]
In the beginning of April, I planted three and two hundredths of acorns after making irrigation without any lack of water. The daytime was 20cm spacing, the width was 40cm, and 5 ~ 8cm length of 3 ~ 6cm root was laid down according to the thickness of roots and then covered with soil at 5cm height. The planting density of Saururus chinensis was 10 per 1 m 2.
[Example 3] Cultivation method
Because of the bitter taste and unique fragrance of Saururus chinensis, we did not use pesticides because we did not have any damage to the insect pests and we knew that animals that pick up the ground like wild animals or moles were not approaching. We did not install damage prevention facilities such as electric fence . The only facility required for sowing sowing was an irrigation channel made of hoe. In the summer, it was necessary to water enough to prevent water shortage. In order to suppress the occurrence of shrubs during harvesting, the grass was not coated with black vinyl, but from the following year, saururus grew faster than the weed growth rate, Weeds were reduced by more than the first year. At the end of November, wintering of the Saururus chinensis was prevented by using the cover materials such as rice straw and heat cover.
[Example 4] Harvesting and drying
Saururus chinensis grew 30-40cm in height in the first year and 90cm in the following year. Planting date was from late September to early October, and the following year, the leaves turned white and were harvested in mid-July when flowering. At the time of harvesting, they were cut with a sickle at a height of 2 cm from the ground. After harvesting, they were cut into a size of 10 cm by using a short cutter. To avoid discoloration, they were dried by hot air at 50 ° C for about 9 hours, The phenomenon appeared, and it was left in the dryer for several days without any heat so that it could take moisture.
[Example 5] Labor force and yield
In the cultivation of Saururus chinensis, labor force other than the elderly inventor was not input. From the second year on, we have produced 4 ~ 6kg per 1 pyeong. The published prices listed in the Pyeonggak Provincial Public Procurement Service (price information) are 8,500 won (wholesale price) for 600g leaves and stem except for root. An elderly inventor used an average of two hours a day on a 100-pyeong land for three-hundred-second planting, and succeeded in cultivating 600 kg of saury.

Claims (5)

  1. I) improving the existing agricultural land acidified by using chemical fertilizer after pouring Saururus chinensis, Saururus spp., And residual organic fertilizer;
    Ii) planting the three-millennia root at 20 cm intervals in the daytime and 40 cm intervals in the winter time;
    Iii) cultivating only eco-friendly without using chemical fertilizers or pesticides; And
    Iv) Provides a method of cultivating saururus that can be applied by aged farmers, including harvesting and drying of Saururus chinensis.
  2. [2] The method of claim 1, wherein the soil of the existing red pepper field acidified by chemical fertilizer should be improved one month before planting the saururus. Add 2 liters of water per 5 grams of dried saururus, boil and boil. If water starts to boil, reduce it to low heat after 5 minutes, boil for 20 minutes, and cool. The plant pours three to two hundred liters of water per 1 sq. M. After pouring the water, you should use the plastic or the tent to keep the rain from falling. After 3 days, you will pour the water in the second and third millennia. After 3 days, the fully fermented environmentally friendly organic fertilizer and the three hundreds of milligrams are mixed together to form a 10-cm-high pile. The depth and width of the pile are 60cm, so that the environmentally-friendly organic fertilizer and soil are evenly mixed .
  3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the water is wet, but watering is separately performed to prevent moisture from being lacking so that the field is moistened and then reapplied. In all seasons except the winter season, Depending on the thickness of the roots at intervals of 40 cm, the seeds of 5 to 8 cm long Saururus chinensis are laid down and covered with dirt. The soil should be covered with 5 cm in spring, 7 cm in summer, and 9 cm in autumn. The planting density after planting is 10 weeks per 1m2.
  4. The method according to claim 1, wherein no chemical fertilizer or pesticide is used after the planting. Saururus chinensis has its own bitter taste and unique fragrance, so there is no damage of insect pests. Since animals that pick up land such as wild animals or moles do not approach, there is no need to use pesticides and it is possible to cultivate environmentally friendly. No preventive facilities are needed. In the case of drought, water should be sufficiently drained so that there is no water shortage. Coating with black vinyl after planting can inhibit the occurrence of weeds and helps grow Saururus chinensis. It is advisable to use cover materials such as rice husk, rice husk, and heat insulation cover for winter when it reaches the end of November.
  5. The plant according to claim 1, wherein the saururus grows 30-40 cm in height in the first year and 90 cm in the next year. In the year of planting, it is harvested from the end of September to the beginning of October. In the following year, the leaves turn white and are harvested in the middle of July when flowering. One more crop can be harvested until winter comes. At the time of harvest, it is cut at a height of 2cm from the ground. After harvesting, it is cut into a size of 10cm by using a cutting machine such as a cutting machine and dried by hot air at 50 ° C using a drier. In order to prevent the leaf from being crumbled after hot air drying, let the moisture in the dryer be kept in the dryer for a few days without leaving any heat.
KR1020150070351A 2015-05-19 2015-05-19 Growing methods of Saururus chinensis Baill as an alternative crop of hot pepper cultivated in rural, mountainous and remote areas near rivers or lakes KR20160136196A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109548775A (en) * 2019-01-15 2019-04-02 浙江蓝禾医疗用品有限公司 Amusement type insect-catching unmanned plane
CN109699224A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-05-03 黑龙江省农业科学院耕作栽培研究所 A kind of method of carbon fixation and emission reduction fertilizing rice field soil fertility
CN109937722A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-06-28 中国科学院华南植物园 It is a kind of to utilize saururus chinensis aerial stem of plant rapid propagation method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109699224A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-05-03 黑龙江省农业科学院耕作栽培研究所 A kind of method of carbon fixation and emission reduction fertilizing rice field soil fertility
CN109548775A (en) * 2019-01-15 2019-04-02 浙江蓝禾医疗用品有限公司 Amusement type insect-catching unmanned plane
CN109937722A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-06-28 中国科学院华南植物园 It is a kind of to utilize saururus chinensis aerial stem of plant rapid propagation method
CN109937722B (en) * 2019-03-12 2020-12-01 中国科学院华南植物园 Method for rapidly propagating Chinese lizardtail ground stems

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